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authorAlexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@redhat.com>2014-12-11 15:02:06 -0800
committerAlex Shi <alex.shi@linaro.org>2015-12-01 20:59:24 +0800
commitaac2a4d88f9f8024b83eb1e26916d38ac5d20dd3 (patch)
treefca04162f10f85df14c60fc627715788f3f449bd
parent2125b526033e03490c490786b0101257d04753f2 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-v3.18/topic/pcie/mustang-fix-tmp.tar.gz
arch: Add lightweight memory barriers dma_rmb() and dma_wmb()v3.18/topic/pcie/mustang-fix-tmp
There are a number of situations where the mandatory barriers rmb() and wmb() are used to order memory/memory operations in the device drivers and those barriers are much heavier than they actually need to be. For example in the case of PowerPC wmb() calls the heavy-weight sync instruction when for coherent memory operations all that is really needed is an lsync or eieio instruction. This commit adds a coherent only version of the mandatory memory barriers rmb() and wmb(). In most cases this should result in the barrier being the same as the SMP barriers for the SMP case, however in some cases we use a barrier that is somewhere in between rmb() and smp_rmb(). For example on ARM the rmb barriers break down as follows: Barrier Call Explanation --------- -------- ---------------------------------- rmb() dsb() Data synchronization barrier - system dma_rmb() dmb(osh) data memory barrier - outer sharable smp_rmb() dmb(ish) data memory barrier - inner sharable These new barriers are not as safe as the standard rmb() and wmb(). Specifically they do not guarantee ordering between coherent and incoherent memories. The primary use case for these would be to enforce ordering of reads and writes when accessing coherent memory that is shared between the CPU and a device. It may also be noted that there is no dma_mb(). Most architectures don't provide a good mechanism for performing a coherent only full barrier without resorting to the same mechanism used in mb(). As such there isn't much to be gained in trying to define such a function. Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Alexander Duyck <alexander.h.duyck@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> (cherry picked from commit 1077fa36f23e259858caf6f269a47393a5aff523) Signed-off-by: Alex Shi <alex.shi@linaro.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/memory-barriers.txt42
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h4
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h14
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h9
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h13
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h11
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/um/asm/barrier.h13
-rw-r--r--include/asm-generic/barrier.h8
12 files changed, 99 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt b/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
index 22a969cdd476..e5d57327b674 100644
--- a/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
@@ -1615,6 +1615,48 @@ There are some more advanced barrier functions:
operations" subsection for information on where to use these.
+ (*) dma_wmb();
+ (*) dma_rmb();
+
+ These are for use with consistent memory to guarantee the ordering
+ of writes or reads of shared memory accessible to both the CPU and a
+ DMA capable device.
+
+ For example, consider a device driver that shares memory with a device
+ and uses a descriptor status value to indicate if the descriptor belongs
+ to the device or the CPU, and a doorbell to notify it when new
+ descriptors are available:
+
+ if (desc->status != DEVICE_OWN) {
+ /* do not read data until we own descriptor */
+ dma_rmb();
+
+ /* read/modify data */
+ read_data = desc->data;
+ desc->data = write_data;
+
+ /* flush modifications before status update */
+ dma_wmb();
+
+ /* assign ownership */
+ desc->status = DEVICE_OWN;
+
+ /* force memory to sync before notifying device via MMIO */
+ wmb();
+
+ /* notify device of new descriptors */
+ writel(DESC_NOTIFY, doorbell);
+ }
+
+ The dma_rmb() allows us guarantee the device has released ownership
+ before we read the data from the descriptor, and he dma_wmb() allows
+ us to guarantee the data is written to the descriptor before the device
+ can see it now has ownership. The wmb() is needed to guarantee that the
+ cache coherent memory writes have completed before attempting a write to
+ the cache incoherent MMIO region.
+
+ See Documentation/DMA-API.txt for more information on consistent memory.
+
MMIO WRITE BARRIER
------------------
diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h
index c6a3e73a6e24..d2f81e6b8c1c 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -43,10 +43,14 @@
#define mb() do { dsb(); outer_sync(); } while (0)
#define rmb() dsb()
#define wmb() do { dsb(st); outer_sync(); } while (0)
+#define dma_rmb() dmb(osh)
+#define dma_wmb() dmb(oshst)
#else
#define mb() barrier()
#define rmb() barrier()
#define wmb() barrier()
+#define dma_rmb() barrier()
+#define dma_wmb() barrier()
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
index 6389d60574d9..a5abb0062d6e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -32,6 +32,9 @@
#define rmb() dsb(ld)
#define wmb() dsb(st)
+#define dma_rmb() dmb(oshld)
+#define dma_wmb() dmb(oshst)
+
#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
#define smp_mb() barrier()
#define smp_rmb() barrier()
diff --git a/arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h
index e8fffb03963c..f6769eb2bbf9 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/ia64/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -39,6 +39,9 @@
#define rmb() mb()
#define wmb() mb()
+#define dma_rmb() mb()
+#define dma_wmb() mb()
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
# define smp_mb() mb()
#else
diff --git a/arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h
index 6d8b8c9b7c25..d703d8e26a65 100644
--- a/arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/metag/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -4,8 +4,6 @@
#include <asm/metag_mem.h>
#define nop() asm volatile ("NOP")
-#define mb() wmb()
-#define rmb() barrier()
#ifdef CONFIG_METAG_META21
@@ -41,11 +39,13 @@ static inline void wr_fence(void)
#endif /* !CONFIG_METAG_META21 */
-static inline void wmb(void)
-{
- /* flush writes through the write combiner */
- wr_fence();
-}
+/* flush writes through the write combiner */
+#define mb() wr_fence()
+#define rmb() barrier()
+#define wmb() mb()
+
+#define dma_rmb() rmb()
+#define dma_wmb() wmb()
#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
#define fence() do { } while (0)
diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h
index 3d69aa829a76..2b8bbbcb9be0 100644
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -75,20 +75,21 @@
#include <asm/wbflush.h>
-#define wmb() fast_wmb()
-#define rmb() fast_rmb()
#define mb() wbflush()
#define iob() wbflush()
#else /* !CONFIG_CPU_HAS_WB */
-#define wmb() fast_wmb()
-#define rmb() fast_rmb()
#define mb() fast_mb()
#define iob() fast_iob()
#endif /* !CONFIG_CPU_HAS_WB */
+#define wmb() fast_wmb()
+#define rmb() fast_rmb()
+#define dma_wmb() fast_wmb()
+#define dma_rmb() fast_rmb()
+
#if defined(CONFIG_WEAK_ORDERING) && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
# ifdef CONFIG_CPU_CAVIUM_OCTEON
# define smp_mb() __sync()
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h
index cb6d66c6e3e1..a3bf5be111ff 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -36,8 +36,6 @@
#define set_mb(var, value) do { var = value; mb(); } while (0)
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-
#ifdef __SUBARCH_HAS_LWSYNC
# define SMPWMB LWSYNC
#else
@@ -45,12 +43,17 @@
#endif
#define __lwsync() __asm__ __volatile__ (stringify_in_c(LWSYNC) : : :"memory")
+#define dma_rmb() __lwsync()
+#define dma_wmb() __asm__ __volatile__ (stringify_in_c(SMPWMB) : : :"memory")
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+#define smp_lwsync() __lwsync()
#define smp_mb() mb()
#define smp_rmb() __lwsync()
#define smp_wmb() __asm__ __volatile__ (stringify_in_c(SMPWMB) : : :"memory")
#else
-#define __lwsync() barrier()
+#define smp_lwsync() barrier()
#define smp_mb() barrier()
#define smp_rmb() barrier()
@@ -72,7 +75,7 @@
#define smp_store_release(p, v) \
do { \
compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p); \
- __lwsync(); \
+ smp_lwsync(); \
ACCESS_ONCE(*p) = (v); \
} while (0)
@@ -80,7 +83,7 @@ do { \
({ \
typeof(*p) ___p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(*p); \
compiletime_assert_atomic_type(*p); \
- __lwsync(); \
+ smp_lwsync(); \
___p1; \
})
diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h
index 33d191d295e4..8d724718ec21 100644
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -24,6 +24,8 @@
#define rmb() mb()
#define wmb() mb()
+#define dma_rmb() rmb()
+#define dma_wmb() wmb()
#define smp_mb() mb()
#define smp_rmb() rmb()
#define smp_wmb() wmb()
diff --git a/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h b/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h
index 6c974c0977ad..76648941fea7 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h
+++ b/arch/sparc/include/asm/barrier_64.h
@@ -37,6 +37,9 @@ do { __asm__ __volatile__("ba,pt %%xcc, 1f\n\t" \
#define rmb() __asm__ __volatile__("":::"memory")
#define wmb() __asm__ __volatile__("":::"memory")
+#define dma_rmb() rmb()
+#define dma_wmb() wmb()
+
#define set_mb(__var, __value) \
do { __var = __value; membar_safe("#StoreLoad"); } while(0)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
index 5238000285c1..2ab1eb33106e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -24,13 +24,16 @@
#define wmb() asm volatile("sfence" ::: "memory")
#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-#define smp_mb() mb()
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PPRO_FENCE
-# define smp_rmb() rmb()
+#define dma_rmb() rmb()
#else
-# define smp_rmb() barrier()
+#define dma_rmb() barrier()
#endif
+#define dma_wmb() barrier()
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+#define smp_mb() mb()
+#define smp_rmb() dma_rmb()
#define smp_wmb() barrier()
#define set_mb(var, value) do { (void)xchg(&var, value); } while (0)
#else /* !SMP */
diff --git a/arch/x86/um/asm/barrier.h b/arch/x86/um/asm/barrier.h
index d6511d954e2b..2d7d9a1f5b53 100644
--- a/arch/x86/um/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/x86/um/asm/barrier.h
@@ -29,17 +29,18 @@
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_32 */
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
-
-#define smp_mb() mb()
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PPRO_FENCE
-#define smp_rmb() rmb()
+#define dma_rmb() rmb()
#else /* CONFIG_X86_PPRO_FENCE */
-#define smp_rmb() barrier()
+#define dma_rmb() barrier()
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_PPRO_FENCE */
+#define dma_wmb() barrier()
-#define smp_wmb() barrier()
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+#define smp_mb() mb()
+#define smp_rmb() dma_rmb()
+#define smp_wmb() barrier()
#define set_mb(var, value) do { (void)xchg(&var, value); } while (0)
#else /* CONFIG_SMP */
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/barrier.h b/include/asm-generic/barrier.h
index 1402fa855388..f5c40b0fadc2 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/barrier.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/barrier.h
@@ -42,6 +42,14 @@
#define wmb() mb()
#endif
+#ifndef dma_rmb
+#define dma_rmb() rmb()
+#endif
+
+#ifndef dma_wmb
+#define dma_wmb() wmb()
+#endif
+
#ifndef read_barrier_depends
#define read_barrier_depends() do { } while (0)
#endif