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authorJames Morse <james.morse@arm.com>2015-07-22 19:05:54 +0100
committerDavid Brown <david.brown@linaro.org>2015-12-03 16:53:53 -0800
commit20af540051e1c1f7a7d9b9e4613c1ecc53ded4a6 (patch)
tree0c02d4d7b3de8239ac87cb0d01cfe51cc0263b4b
parente7aa2ecf27faab420d6dd3b173419f6fd7bf85be (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-v3.18/topic/PAN.tar.gz
arm64: kernel: Add support for Privileged Access Neverv3.18/topic/PAN
commit 338d4f49d6f7114a017d294ccf7374df4f998edc upstream. 'Privileged Access Never' is a new arm8.1 feature which prevents privileged code from accessing any virtual address where read or write access is also permitted at EL0. This patch enables the PAN feature on all CPUs, and modifies {get,put}_user helpers temporarily to permit access. This will catch kernel bugs where user memory is accessed directly. 'Unprivileged loads and stores' using ldtrb et al are unaffected by PAN. Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com> [will: use ALTERNATIVE in asm and tidy up pan_enable check] Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: David Brown <david.brown@linaro.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/Kconfig14
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h3
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/futex.h8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/uaccess.h11
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c20
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/lib/clear_user.S8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/lib/copy_from_user.S8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/lib/copy_in_user.S8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/lib/copy_to_user.S8
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/fault.c16
14 files changed, 121 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 7f74b4c..131dedcd 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -494,6 +494,20 @@ config FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER
default "14" if (ARM64_64K_PAGES && TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE)
default "11"
+config ARM64_PAN
+ bool "Enable support for Privileged Access Never (PAN)"
+ default y
+ help
+ Privileged Access Never (PAN; part of the ARMv8.1 Extensions)
+ prevents the kernel or hypervisor from accessing user-space (EL0)
+ memory directly.
+
+ Choosing this option will cause any unprotected (not using
+ copy_to_user et al) memory access to fail with a permission fault.
+
+ The feature is detected at runtime, and will remain as a 'nop'
+ instruction if the cpu does not implement the feature.
+
menuconfig ARMV8_DEPRECATED
bool "Emulate deprecated/obsolete ARMv8 instructions"
depends on COMPAT
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index f595f7d..d71140b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -25,8 +25,9 @@
#define ARM64_WORKAROUND_DEVICE_LOAD_ACQUIRE 1
#define ARM64_WORKAROUND_845719 2
#define ARM64_HAS_SYSREG_GIC_CPUIF 3
+#define ARM64_HAS_PAN 4
-#define ARM64_NCAPS 4
+#define ARM64_NCAPS 5
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/futex.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/futex.h
index 5f750dc..6673462 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/futex.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/futex.h
@@ -20,10 +20,16 @@
#include <linux/futex.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/errno.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
#define __futex_atomic_op(insn, ret, oldval, uaddr, tmp, oparg) \
asm volatile( \
+ ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(0), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN) \
"1: ldxr %w1, %2\n" \
insn "\n" \
"2: stlxr %w3, %w0, %2\n" \
@@ -39,6 +45,8 @@
" .align 3\n" \
" .quad 1b, 4b, 2b, 4b\n" \
" .popsection\n" \
+ ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(1), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN) \
: "=&r" (ret), "=&r" (oldval), "+Q" (*uaddr), "=&r" (tmp) \
: "r" (oparg), "Ir" (-EFAULT) \
: "memory")
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
index 286b1be..f3a965e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -166,4 +166,6 @@ static inline void spin_lock_prefetch(const void *x)
#endif
+void cpu_enable_pan(void);
+
#endif /* __ASM_PROCESSOR_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
index 5295bcb..a7f3d4b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/sysreg.h
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
#ifndef __ASM_SYSREG_H
#define __ASM_SYSREG_H
+#include <asm/opcodes.h>
+
#define SCTLR_EL1_CP15BEN (0x1 << 5)
#define SCTLR_EL1_SED (0x1 << 8)
@@ -36,6 +38,12 @@
#define sys_reg(op0, op1, crn, crm, op2) \
((((op0)&3)<<19)|((op1)<<16)|((crn)<<12)|((crm)<<8)|((op2)<<5))
+#define REG_PSTATE_PAN_IMM sys_reg(0, 0, 4, 0, 4)
+#define SCTLR_EL1_SPAN (1 << 23)
+
+#define SET_PSTATE_PAN(x) __inst_arm(0xd5000000 | REG_PSTATE_PAN_IMM |\
+ (!!x)<<8 | 0x1f)
+
#ifdef __ASSEMBLY__
.irp num,0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/uaccess.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/uaccess.h
index 9a2069b..cb8dab4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/uaccess.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/uaccess.h
@@ -24,7 +24,10 @@
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/thread_info.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
#include <asm/errno.h>
#include <asm/memory.h>
#include <asm/compiler.h>
@@ -131,6 +134,8 @@ static inline void set_fs(mm_segment_t fs)
do { \
unsigned long __gu_val; \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
+ asm(ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(0), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)); \
switch (sizeof(*(ptr))) { \
case 1: \
__get_user_asm("ldrb", "%w", __gu_val, (ptr), (err)); \
@@ -148,6 +153,8 @@ do { \
BUILD_BUG(); \
} \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \
+ asm(ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(1), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)); \
} while (0)
#define __get_user(x, ptr) \
@@ -194,6 +201,8 @@ do { \
do { \
__typeof__(*(ptr)) __pu_val = (x); \
__chk_user_ptr(ptr); \
+ asm(ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(0), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)); \
switch (sizeof(*(ptr))) { \
case 1: \
__put_user_asm("strb", "%w", __pu_val, (ptr), (err)); \
@@ -210,6 +219,8 @@ do { \
default: \
BUILD_BUG(); \
} \
+ asm(ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(1), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)); \
} while (0)
#define __put_user(x, ptr) \
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
index 6913643..208db3d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@
#define PSR_I_BIT 0x00000080
#define PSR_A_BIT 0x00000100
#define PSR_D_BIT 0x00000200
+#define PSR_PAN_BIT 0x00400000
#define PSR_Q_BIT 0x08000000
#define PSR_V_BIT 0x10000000
#define PSR_C_BIT 0x20000000
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c
index 78d56bf..bcee7ab 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/armv8_deprecated.c
@@ -14,6 +14,8 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/insn.h>
#include <asm/opcodes.h>
#include <asm/sysreg.h>
@@ -280,6 +282,8 @@ static void register_insn_emulation_sysctl(struct ctl_table *table)
*/
#define __user_swpX_asm(data, addr, res, temp, B) \
__asm__ __volatile__( \
+ ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(0), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN) \
" mov %w2, %w1\n" \
"0: ldxr"B" %w1, [%3]\n" \
"1: stxr"B" %w0, %w2, [%3]\n" \
@@ -295,7 +299,9 @@ static void register_insn_emulation_sysctl(struct ctl_table *table)
" .align 3\n" \
" .quad 0b, 3b\n" \
" .quad 1b, 3b\n" \
- " .popsection" \
+ " .popsection\n" \
+ ALTERNATIVE("nop", SET_PSTATE_PAN(1), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN) \
: "=&r" (res), "+r" (data), "=&r" (temp) \
: "r" (addr), "i" (-EAGAIN), "i" (-EFAULT) \
: "memory")
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 74fd0f7..978fa16 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
static bool
feature_matches(u64 reg, const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
@@ -39,6 +40,15 @@ has_id_aa64pfr0_feature(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
return feature_matches(val, entry);
}
+static bool __maybe_unused
+has_id_aa64mmfr1_feature(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *entry)
+{
+ u64 val;
+
+ val = read_cpuid(id_aa64mmfr1_el1);
+ return feature_matches(val, entry);
+}
+
static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
{
.desc = "GIC system register CPU interface",
@@ -47,6 +57,16 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
.field_pos = 24,
.min_field_value = 1,
},
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PAN
+ {
+ .desc = "Privileged Access Never",
+ .capability = ARM64_HAS_PAN,
+ .matches = has_id_aa64mmfr1_feature,
+ .field_pos = 20,
+ .min_field_value = 1,
+ .enable = cpu_enable_pan,
+ },
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_PAN */
{},
};
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/clear_user.S b/arch/arm64/lib/clear_user.S
index c17967f..a9723c7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/clear_user.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/clear_user.S
@@ -16,7 +16,11 @@
* along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
.text
@@ -29,6 +33,8 @@
* Alignment fixed up by hardware.
*/
ENTRY(__clear_user)
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(0)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
mov x2, x1 // save the size for fixup return
subs x1, x1, #8
b.mi 2f
@@ -48,6 +54,8 @@ USER(9f, strh wzr, [x0], #2 )
b.mi 5f
USER(9f, strb wzr, [x0] )
5: mov x0, #0
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(1)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
ret
ENDPROC(__clear_user)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/copy_from_user.S b/arch/arm64/lib/copy_from_user.S
index 47c3fa5..1be9ef2 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/copy_from_user.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/copy_from_user.S
@@ -15,7 +15,11 @@
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
/*
* Copy from user space to a kernel buffer (alignment handled by the hardware)
@@ -28,6 +32,8 @@
* x0 - bytes not copied
*/
ENTRY(__copy_from_user)
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(0)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
add x5, x1, x2 // upper user buffer boundary
subs x2, x2, #16
b.mi 1f
@@ -56,6 +62,8 @@ USER(9f, ldrh w3, [x1], #2 )
USER(9f, ldrb w3, [x1] )
strb w3, [x0]
5: mov x0, #0
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(1)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
ret
ENDPROC(__copy_from_user)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/copy_in_user.S b/arch/arm64/lib/copy_in_user.S
index 436bcc5..1b94661e 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/copy_in_user.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/copy_in_user.S
@@ -17,7 +17,11 @@
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
/*
* Copy from user space to user space (alignment handled by the hardware)
@@ -30,6 +34,8 @@
* x0 - bytes not copied
*/
ENTRY(__copy_in_user)
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(0)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
add x5, x0, x2 // upper user buffer boundary
subs x2, x2, #16
b.mi 1f
@@ -58,6 +64,8 @@ USER(9f, strh w3, [x0], #2 )
USER(9f, ldrb w3, [x1] )
USER(9f, strb w3, [x0] )
5: mov x0, #0
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(1)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
ret
ENDPROC(__copy_in_user)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/lib/copy_to_user.S b/arch/arm64/lib/copy_to_user.S
index f5e1f52..a257b47 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/lib/copy_to_user.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/lib/copy_to_user.S
@@ -15,7 +15,11 @@
*/
#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#include <asm/alternative.h>
#include <asm/assembler.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
/*
* Copy to user space from a kernel buffer (alignment handled by the hardware)
@@ -28,6 +32,8 @@
* x0 - bytes not copied
*/
ENTRY(__copy_to_user)
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(0)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
add x5, x0, x2 // upper user buffer boundary
subs x2, x2, #16
b.mi 1f
@@ -56,6 +62,8 @@ USER(9f, strh w3, [x0], #2 )
ldrb w3, [x1]
USER(9f, strb w3, [x0] )
5: mov x0, #0
+ALTERNATIVE("nop", __stringify(SET_PSTATE_PAN(1)), ARM64_HAS_PAN, \
+ CONFIG_ARM64_PAN)
ret
ENDPROC(__copy_to_user)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
index 6094c64..71e5707 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/fault.c
@@ -30,9 +30,11 @@
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/exception.h>
#include <asm/debug-monitors.h>
#include <asm/esr.h>
+#include <asm/sysreg.h>
#include <asm/system_misc.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
@@ -225,6 +227,13 @@ static int __kprobes do_page_fault(unsigned long addr, unsigned int esr,
}
/*
+ * PAN bit set implies the fault happened in kernel space, but not
+ * in the arch's user access functions.
+ */
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_PAN) && (regs->pstate & PSR_PAN_BIT))
+ goto no_context;
+
+ /*
* As per x86, we may deadlock here. However, since the kernel only
* validly references user space from well defined areas of the code,
* we can bug out early if this is from code which shouldn't.
@@ -531,3 +540,10 @@ asmlinkage int __exception do_debug_exception(unsigned long addr,
return 0;
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PAN
+void cpu_enable_pan(void)
+{
+ config_sctlr_el1(SCTLR_EL1_SPAN, 0);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_PAN */