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authorMel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>2010-05-24 14:32:31 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2010-05-25 08:06:59 -0700
commit5e7719058079a1423ccce56148b0aaa56b2df821 (patch)
tree3666cb3d5540dcaa3d8e7df8c293a0ad603a181c
parent56de7263fcf3eb10c8dcdf8d59a9cec831795f3f (diff)
downloadlinaro-lsk-5e7719058079a1423ccce56148b0aaa56b2df821.tar.gz
mm: compaction: add a tunable that decides when memory should be compacted and when it should be reclaimed
The kernel applies some heuristics when deciding if memory should be compacted or reclaimed to satisfy a high-order allocation. One of these is based on the fragmentation. If the index is below 500, memory will not be compacted. This choice is arbitrary and not based on data. To help optimise the system and set a sensible default for this value, this patch adds a sysctl extfrag_threshold. The kernel will only compact memory if the fragmentation index is above the extfrag_threshold. [randy.dunlap@oracle.com: Fix build errors when proc fs is not configured] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt15
-rw-r--r--include/linux/compaction.h3
-rw-r--r--kernel/sysctl.c15
-rw-r--r--mm/compaction.c12
4 files changed, 44 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
index 56dd29b97a9..5fdbb612aeb 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@ Currently, these files are in /proc/sys/vm:
- dirty_ratio
- dirty_writeback_centisecs
- drop_caches
+- extfrag_threshold
- hugepages_treat_as_movable
- hugetlb_shm_group
- laptop_mode
@@ -149,6 +150,20 @@ user should run `sync' first.
==============================================================
+extfrag_threshold
+
+This parameter affects whether the kernel will compact memory or direct
+reclaim to satisfy a high-order allocation. /proc/extfrag_index shows what
+the fragmentation index for each order is in each zone in the system. Values
+tending towards 0 imply allocations would fail due to lack of memory,
+values towards 1000 imply failures are due to fragmentation and -1 implies
+that the allocation will succeed as long as watermarks are met.
+
+The kernel will not compact memory in a zone if the
+fragmentation index is <= extfrag_threshold. The default value is 500.
+
+==============================================================
+
hugepages_treat_as_movable
This parameter is only useful when kernelcore= is specified at boot time to
diff --git a/include/linux/compaction.h b/include/linux/compaction.h
index eed40ec4280..3719325c609 100644
--- a/include/linux/compaction.h
+++ b/include/linux/compaction.h
@@ -15,6 +15,9 @@
extern int sysctl_compact_memory;
extern int sysctl_compaction_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos);
+extern int sysctl_extfrag_threshold;
+extern int sysctl_extfrag_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos);
extern int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order);
extern unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index 284f330d6a0..84ff5e75c08 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -263,6 +263,11 @@ static int min_sched_shares_ratelimit = 100000; /* 100 usec */
static int max_sched_shares_ratelimit = NSEC_PER_SEC; /* 1 second */
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
+static int min_extfrag_threshold;
+static int max_extfrag_threshold = 1000;
+#endif
+
static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
{
.procname = "sched_child_runs_first",
@@ -1130,6 +1135,16 @@ static struct ctl_table vm_table[] = {
.mode = 0200,
.proc_handler = sysctl_compaction_handler,
},
+ {
+ .procname = "extfrag_threshold",
+ .data = &sysctl_extfrag_threshold,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = sysctl_extfrag_handler,
+ .extra1 = &min_extfrag_threshold,
+ .extra2 = &max_extfrag_threshold,
+ },
+
#endif /* CONFIG_COMPACTION */
{
.procname = "min_free_kbytes",
diff --git a/mm/compaction.c b/mm/compaction.c
index 9583e193dc4..94cce51b0b3 100644
--- a/mm/compaction.c
+++ b/mm/compaction.c
@@ -433,6 +433,8 @@ static unsigned long compact_zone_order(struct zone *zone,
return compact_zone(zone, &cc);
}
+int sysctl_extfrag_threshold = 500;
+
/**
* try_to_compact_pages - Direct compact to satisfy a high-order allocation
* @zonelist: The zonelist used for the current allocation
@@ -491,7 +493,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_compact_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist,
* Only compact if a failure would be due to fragmentation.
*/
fragindex = fragmentation_index(zone, order);
- if (fragindex >= 0 && fragindex <= 500)
+ if (fragindex >= 0 && fragindex <= sysctl_extfrag_threshold)
continue;
if (fragindex == -1 && zone_watermark_ok(zone, order, watermark, 0, 0)) {
@@ -572,6 +574,14 @@ int sysctl_compaction_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
return 0;
}
+int sysctl_extfrag_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, length, ppos);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
#if defined(CONFIG_SYSFS) && defined(CONFIG_NUMA)
ssize_t sysfs_compact_node(struct sys_device *dev,
struct sysdev_attribute *attr,