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+ How to get s2ram working
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+ 2006 Linus Torvalds
+ 2006 Pavel Machek
+1) Check suspend.sf.net, program s2ram there has long whitelist of
+ "known ok" machines, along with tricks to use on each one.
+2) If that does not help, try reading tricks.txt and
+ video.txt. Perhaps problem is as simple as broken module, and
+ simple module unload can fix it.
+3) You can use Linus' TRACE_RESUME infrastructure, described below.
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
+I've been working at making the machines I have able to STR, and almost
+always it's a driver that is buggy. Thank God for the suspend/resume
+debugging - the thing that Chuck tried to disable. That's often the _only_
+way to debug these things, and it's actually pretty powerful (but
+time-consuming - having to insert TRACE_RESUME() markers into the device
+driver that doesn't resume and recompile and reboot).
+Anyway, the way to debug this for people who are interested (have a
+machine that doesn't boot) is:
+ - enable PM_DEBUG, and PM_TRACE
+ - use a script like this:
+ #!/bin/sh
+ sync
+ echo 1 > /sys/power/pm_trace
+ echo mem > /sys/power/state
+ to suspend
+ - if it doesn't come back up (which is usually the problem), reboot by
+ holding the power button down, and look at the dmesg output for things
+ like
+ Magic number: 4:156:725
+ hash matches drivers/base/power/resume.c:28
+ hash matches device 0000:01:00.0
+ which means that the last trace event was just before trying to resume
+ device 0000:01:00.0. Then figure out what driver is controlling that
+ device (lspci and /sys/devices/pci* is your friend), and see if you can
+ fix it, disable it, or trace into its resume function.
+ If no device matches the hash (or any matches appear to be false positives),
+ the culprit may be a device from a loadable kernel module that is not loaded
+ until after the hash is checked. You can check the hash against the current
+ devices again after more modules are loaded using sysfs:
+ cat /sys/power/pm_trace_dev_match
+For example, the above happens to be the VGA device on my EVO, which I
+used to run with "radeonfb" (it's an ATI Radeon mobility). It turns out
+that "radeonfb" simply cannot resume that device - it tries to set the
+PLL's, and it just _hangs_. Using the regular VGA console and letting X
+resume it instead works fine.
+pm_trace uses the system's Real Time Clock (RTC) to save the magic number.
+Reason for this is that the RTC is the only reliably available piece of
+hardware during resume operations where a value can be set that will
+survive a reboot.
+Consequence is that after a resume (even if it is successful) your system
+clock will have a value corresponding to the magic number instead of the
+correct date/time! It is therefore advisable to use a program like ntp-date
+or rdate to reset the correct date/time from an external time source when
+using this trace option.
+As the clock keeps ticking it is also essential that the reboot is done
+quickly after the resume failure. The trace option does not use the seconds
+or the low order bits of the minutes of the RTC, but a too long delay will
+corrupt the magic value.