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+
+LOCK STATISTICS
+
+- WHAT
+
+As the name suggests, it provides statistics on locks.
+
+- WHY
+
+Because things like lock contention can severely impact performance.
+
+- HOW
+
+Lockdep already has hooks in the lock functions and maps lock instances to
+lock classes. We build on that (see Documentation/lockdep-design.txt).
+The graph below shows the relation between the lock functions and the various
+hooks therein.
+
+ __acquire
+ |
+ lock _____
+ | \
+ | __contended
+ | |
+ | <wait>
+ | _______/
+ |/
+ |
+ __acquired
+ |
+ .
+ <hold>
+ .
+ |
+ __release
+ |
+ unlock
+
+lock, unlock - the regular lock functions
+__* - the hooks
+<> - states
+
+With these hooks we provide the following statistics:
+
+ con-bounces - number of lock contention that involved x-cpu data
+ contentions - number of lock acquisitions that had to wait
+ wait time min - shortest (non-0) time we ever had to wait for a lock
+ max - longest time we ever had to wait for a lock
+ total - total time we spend waiting on this lock
+ acq-bounces - number of lock acquisitions that involved x-cpu data
+ acquisitions - number of times we took the lock
+ hold time min - shortest (non-0) time we ever held the lock
+ max - longest time we ever held the lock
+ total - total time this lock was held
+
+From these number various other statistics can be derived, such as:
+
+ hold time average = hold time total / acquisitions
+
+These numbers are gathered per lock class, per read/write state (when
+applicable).
+
+It also tracks 4 contention points per class. A contention point is a call site
+that had to wait on lock acquisition.
+
+ - CONFIGURATION
+
+Lock statistics are enabled via CONFIG_LOCK_STAT.
+
+ - USAGE
+
+Enable collection of statistics:
+
+# echo 1 >/proc/sys/kernel/lock_stat
+
+Disable collection of statistics:
+
+# echo 0 >/proc/sys/kernel/lock_stat
+
+Look at the current lock statistics:
+
+( line numbers not part of actual output, done for clarity in the explanation
+ below )
+
+# less /proc/lock_stat
+
+01 lock_stat version 0.3
+02 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+03 class name con-bounces contentions waittime-min waittime-max waittime-total acq-bounces acquisitions holdtime-min holdtime-max holdtime-total
+04 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
+05
+06 &mm->mmap_sem-W: 233 538 18446744073708 22924.27 607243.51 1342 45806 1.71 8595.89 1180582.34
+07 &mm->mmap_sem-R: 205 587 18446744073708 28403.36 731975.00 1940 412426 0.58 187825.45 6307502.88
+08 ---------------
+09 &mm->mmap_sem 487 [<ffffffff8053491f>] do_page_fault+0x466/0x928
+10 &mm->mmap_sem 179 [<ffffffff802a6200>] sys_mprotect+0xcd/0x21d
+11 &mm->mmap_sem 279 [<ffffffff80210a57>] sys_mmap+0x75/0xce
+12 &mm->mmap_sem 76 [<ffffffff802a490b>] sys_munmap+0x32/0x59
+13 ---------------
+14 &mm->mmap_sem 270 [<ffffffff80210a57>] sys_mmap+0x75/0xce
+15 &mm->mmap_sem 431 [<ffffffff8053491f>] do_page_fault+0x466/0x928
+16 &mm->mmap_sem 138 [<ffffffff802a490b>] sys_munmap+0x32/0x59
+17 &mm->mmap_sem 145 [<ffffffff802a6200>] sys_mprotect+0xcd/0x21d
+18
+19 ...............................................................................................................................................................................................
+20
+21 dcache_lock: 621 623 0.52 118.26 1053.02 6745 91930 0.29 316.29 118423.41
+22 -----------
+23 dcache_lock 179 [<ffffffff80378274>] _atomic_dec_and_lock+0x34/0x54
+24 dcache_lock 113 [<ffffffff802cc17b>] d_alloc+0x19a/0x1eb
+25 dcache_lock 99 [<ffffffff802ca0dc>] d_rehash+0x1b/0x44
+26 dcache_lock 104 [<ffffffff802cbca0>] d_instantiate+0x36/0x8a
+27 -----------
+28 dcache_lock 192 [<ffffffff80378274>] _atomic_dec_and_lock+0x34/0x54
+29 dcache_lock 98 [<ffffffff802ca0dc>] d_rehash+0x1b/0x44
+30 dcache_lock 72 [<ffffffff802cc17b>] d_alloc+0x19a/0x1eb
+31 dcache_lock 112 [<ffffffff802cbca0>] d_instantiate+0x36/0x8a
+
+This excerpt shows the first two lock class statistics. Line 01 shows the
+output version - each time the format changes this will be updated. Line 02-04
+show the header with column descriptions. Lines 05-18 and 20-31 show the actual
+statistics. These statistics come in two parts; the actual stats separated by a
+short separator (line 08, 13) from the contention points.
+
+The first lock (05-18) is a read/write lock, and shows two lines above the
+short separator. The contention points don't match the column descriptors,
+they have two: contentions and [<IP>] symbol. The second set of contention
+points are the points we're contending with.
+
+The integer part of the time values is in us.
+
+Dealing with nested locks, subclasses may appear:
+
+32...............................................................................................................................................................................................
+33
+34 &rq->lock: 13128 13128 0.43 190.53 103881.26 97454 3453404 0.00 401.11 13224683.11
+35 ---------
+36 &rq->lock 645 [<ffffffff8103bfc4>] task_rq_lock+0x43/0x75
+37 &rq->lock 297 [<ffffffff8104ba65>] try_to_wake_up+0x127/0x25a
+38 &rq->lock 360 [<ffffffff8103c4c5>] select_task_rq_fair+0x1f0/0x74a
+39 &rq->lock 428 [<ffffffff81045f98>] scheduler_tick+0x46/0x1fb
+40 ---------
+41 &rq->lock 77 [<ffffffff8103bfc4>] task_rq_lock+0x43/0x75
+42 &rq->lock 174 [<ffffffff8104ba65>] try_to_wake_up+0x127/0x25a
+43 &rq->lock 4715 [<ffffffff8103ed4b>] double_rq_lock+0x42/0x54
+44 &rq->lock 893 [<ffffffff81340524>] schedule+0x157/0x7b8
+45
+46...............................................................................................................................................................................................
+47
+48 &rq->lock/1: 11526 11488 0.33 388.73 136294.31 21461 38404 0.00 37.93 109388.53
+49 -----------
+50 &rq->lock/1 11526 [<ffffffff8103ed58>] double_rq_lock+0x4f/0x54
+51 -----------
+52 &rq->lock/1 5645 [<ffffffff8103ed4b>] double_rq_lock+0x42/0x54
+53 &rq->lock/1 1224 [<ffffffff81340524>] schedule+0x157/0x7b8
+54 &rq->lock/1 4336 [<ffffffff8103ed58>] double_rq_lock+0x4f/0x54
+55 &rq->lock/1 181 [<ffffffff8104ba65>] try_to_wake_up+0x127/0x25a
+
+Line 48 shows statistics for the second subclass (/1) of &rq->lock class
+(subclass starts from 0), since in this case, as line 50 suggests,
+double_rq_lock actually acquires a nested lock of two spinlocks.
+
+View the top contending locks:
+
+# grep : /proc/lock_stat | head
+ &inode->i_data.tree_lock-W: 15 21657 0.18 1093295.30 11547131054.85 58 10415 0.16 87.51 6387.60
+ &inode->i_data.tree_lock-R: 0 0 0.00 0.00 0.00 23302 231198 0.25 8.45 98023.38
+ dcache_lock: 1037 1161 0.38 45.32 774.51 6611 243371 0.15 306.48 77387.24
+ &inode->i_mutex: 161 286 18446744073709 62882.54 1244614.55 3653 20598 18446744073709 62318.60 1693822.74
+ &zone->lru_lock: 94 94 0.53 7.33 92.10 4366 32690 0.29 59.81 16350.06
+ &inode->i_data.i_mmap_mutex: 79 79 0.40 3.77 53.03 11779 87755 0.28 116.93 29898.44
+ &q->__queue_lock: 48 50 0.52 31.62 86.31 774 13131 0.17 113.08 12277.52
+ &rq->rq_lock_key: 43 47 0.74 68.50 170.63 3706 33929 0.22 107.99 17460.62
+ &rq->rq_lock_key#2: 39 46 0.75 6.68 49.03 2979 32292 0.17 125.17 17137.63
+ tasklist_lock-W: 15 15 1.45 10.87 32.70 1201 7390 0.58 62.55 13648.47
+
+Clear the statistics:
+
+# echo 0 > /proc/lock_stat