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+uGuru datasheet
+===============
+
+First of all, what I know about uGuru is no fact based on any help, hints or
+datasheet from Abit. The data I have got on uGuru have I assembled through
+my weak knowledge in "backwards engineering".
+And just for the record, you may have noticed uGuru isn't a chip developed by
+Abit, as they claim it to be. It's really just an microprocessor (uC) created by
+Winbond (W83L950D). And no, reading the manual for this specific uC or
+mailing Windbond for help won't give any useful data about uGuru, as it is
+the program inside the uC that is responding to calls.
+
+Olle Sandberg <ollebull@gmail.com>, 2005-05-25
+
+
+Original version by Olle Sandberg who did the heavy lifting of the initial
+reverse engineering. This version has been almost fully rewritten for clarity
+and extended with write support and info on more databanks, the write support
+is once again reverse engineered by Olle the additional databanks have been
+reverse engineered by me. I would like to express my thanks to Olle, this
+document and the Linux driver could not have been written without his efforts.
+
+Note: because of the lack of specs only the sensors part of the uGuru is
+described here and not the CPU / RAM / etc voltage & frequency control.
+
+Hans de Goede <j.w.r.degoede@hhs.nl>, 28-01-2006
+
+
+Detection
+=========
+
+As far as known the uGuru is always placed at and using the (ISA) I/O-ports
+0xE0 and 0xE4, so we don't have to scan any port-range, just check what the two
+ports are holding for detection. We will refer to 0xE0 as CMD (command-port)
+and 0xE4 as DATA because Abit refers to them with these names.
+
+If DATA holds 0x00 or 0x08 and CMD holds 0x00 or 0xAC an uGuru could be
+present. We have to check for two different values at data-port, because
+after a reboot uGuru will hold 0x00 here, but if the driver is removed and
+later on attached again data-port will hold 0x08, more about this later.
+
+After wider testing of the Linux kernel driver some variants of the uGuru have
+turned up which will hold 0x00 instead of 0xAC at the CMD port, thus we also
+have to test CMD for two different values. On these uGuru's DATA will initially
+hold 0x09 and will only hold 0x08 after reading CMD first, so CMD must be read
+first!
+
+To be really sure an uGuru is present a test read of one or more register
+sets should be done.
+
+
+Reading / Writing
+=================
+
+Addressing
+----------
+
+The uGuru has a number of different addressing levels. The first addressing
+level we will call banks. A bank holds data for one or more sensors. The data
+in a bank for a sensor is one or more bytes large.
+
+The number of bytes is fixed for a given bank, you should always read or write
+that many bytes, reading / writing more will fail, the results when writing
+less then the number of bytes for a given bank are undetermined.
+
+See below for all known bank addresses, numbers of sensors in that bank,
+number of bytes data per sensor and contents/meaning of those bytes.
+
+Although both this document and the kernel driver have kept the sensor
+terminoligy for the addressing within a bank this is not 100% correct, in
+bank 0x24 for example the addressing within the bank selects a PWM output not
+a sensor.
+
+Notice that some banks have both a read and a write address this is how the
+uGuru determines if a read from or a write to the bank is taking place, thus
+when reading you should always use the read address and when writing the
+write address. The write address is always one (1) more than the read address.
+
+
+uGuru ready
+-----------
+
+Before you can read from or write to the uGuru you must first put the uGuru
+in "ready" mode.
+
+To put the uGuru in ready mode first write 0x00 to DATA and then wait for DATA
+to hold 0x09, DATA should read 0x09 within 250 read cycles.
+
+Next CMD _must_ be read and should hold 0xAC, usually CMD will hold 0xAC the
+first read but sometimes it takes a while before CMD holds 0xAC and thus it
+has to be read a number of times (max 50).
+
+After reading CMD, DATA should hold 0x08 which means that the uGuru is ready
+for input. As above DATA will usually hold 0x08 the first read but not always.
+This step can be skipped, but it is undetermined what happens if the uGuru has
+not yet reported 0x08 at DATA and you proceed with writing a bank address.
+
+
+Sending bank and sensor addresses to the uGuru
+----------------------------------------------
+
+First the uGuru must be in "ready" mode as described above, DATA should hold
+0x08 indicating that the uGuru wants input, in this case the bank address.
+
+Next write the bank address to DATA. After the bank address has been written
+wait for to DATA to hold 0x08 again indicating that it wants / is ready for
+more input (max 250 reads).
+
+Once DATA holds 0x08 again write the sensor address to CMD.
+
+
+Reading
+-------
+
+First send the bank and sensor addresses as described above.
+Then for each byte of data you want to read wait for DATA to hold 0x01
+which indicates that the uGuru is ready to be read (max 250 reads) and once
+DATA holds 0x01 read the byte from CMD.
+
+Once all bytes have been read data will hold 0x09, but there is no reason to
+test for this. Notice that the number of bytes is bank address dependent see
+above and below.
+
+After completing a successful read it is advised to put the uGuru back in
+ready mode, so that it is ready for the next read / write cycle. This way
+if your program / driver is unloaded and later loaded again the detection
+algorithm described above will still work.
+
+
+
+Writing
+-------
+
+First send the bank and sensor addresses as described above.
+Then for each byte of data you want to write wait for DATA to hold 0x00
+which indicates that the uGuru is ready to be written (max 250 reads) and
+once DATA holds 0x00 write the byte to CMD.
+
+Once all bytes have been written wait for DATA to hold 0x01 (max 250 reads)
+don't ask why this is the way it is.
+
+Once DATA holds 0x01 read CMD it should hold 0xAC now.
+
+After completing a successful write it is advised to put the uGuru back in
+ready mode, so that it is ready for the next read / write cycle. This way
+if your program / driver is unloaded and later loaded again the detection
+algorithm described above will still work.
+
+
+Gotchas
+-------
+
+After wider testing of the Linux kernel driver some variants of the uGuru have
+turned up which do not hold 0x08 at DATA within 250 reads after writing the
+bank address. With these versions this happens quite frequent, using larger
+timeouts doesn't help, they just go offline for a second or 2, doing some
+internal callibration or whatever. Your code should be prepared to handle
+this and in case of no response in this specific case just goto sleep for a
+while and then retry.
+
+
+Address Map
+===========
+
+Bank 0x20 Alarms (R)
+--------------------
+This bank contains 0 sensors, iow the sensor address is ignored (but must be
+written) just use 0. Bank 0x20 contains 3 bytes:
+
+Byte 0:
+This byte holds the alarm flags for sensor 0-7 of Sensor Bank1, with bit 0
+corresponding to sensor 0, 1 to 1, etc.
+
+Byte 1:
+This byte holds the alarm flags for sensor 8-15 of Sensor Bank1, with bit 0
+corresponding to sensor 8, 1 to 9, etc.
+
+Byte 2:
+This byte holds the alarm flags for sensor 0-5 of Sensor Bank2, with bit 0
+corresponding to sensor 0, 1 to 1, etc.
+
+
+Bank 0x21 Sensor Bank1 Values / Readings (R)
+--------------------------------------------
+This bank contains 16 sensors, for each sensor it contains 1 byte.
+So far the following sensors are known to be available on all motherboards:
+Sensor 0 CPU temp
+Sensor 1 SYS temp
+Sensor 3 CPU core volt
+Sensor 4 DDR volt
+Sensor 10 DDR Vtt volt
+Sensor 15 PWM temp
+
+Byte 0:
+This byte holds the reading from the sensor. Sensors in Bank1 can be both
+volt and temp sensors, this is motherboard specific. The uGuru however does
+seem to know (be programmed with) what kindoff sensor is attached see Sensor
+Bank1 Settings description.
+
+Volt sensors use a linear scale, a reading 0 corresponds with 0 volt and a
+reading of 255 with 3494 mV. The sensors for higher voltages however are
+connected through a division circuit. The currently known division circuits
+in use result in ranges of: 0-4361mV, 0-6248mV or 0-14510mV. 3.3 volt sources
+use the 0-4361mV range, 5 volt the 0-6248mV and 12 volt the 0-14510mV .
+
+Temp sensors also use a linear scale, a reading of 0 corresponds with 0 degree
+Celsius and a reading of 255 with a reading of 255 degrees Celsius.
+
+
+Bank 0x22 Sensor Bank1 Settings (R)
+Bank 0x23 Sensor Bank1 Settings (W)
+-----------------------------------
+
+This bank contains 16 sensors, for each sensor it contains 3 bytes. Each
+set of 3 bytes contains the settings for the sensor with the same sensor
+address in Bank 0x21 .
+
+Byte 0:
+Alarm behaviour for the selected sensor. A 1 enables the described behaviour.
+Bit 0: Give an alarm if measured temp is over the warning threshold (RW) *
+Bit 1: Give an alarm if measured volt is over the max threshold (RW) **
+Bit 2: Give an alarm if measured volt is under the min threshold (RW) **
+Bit 3: Beep if alarm (RW)
+Bit 4: 1 if alarm cause measured temp is over the warning threshold (R)
+Bit 5: 1 if alarm cause measured volt is over the max threshold (R)
+Bit 6: 1 if alarm cause measured volt is under the min threshold (R)
+Bit 7: Volt sensor: Shutdown if alarm persist for more than 4 seconds (RW)
+ Temp sensor: Shutdown if temp is over the shutdown threshold (RW)
+
+* This bit is only honored/used by the uGuru if a temp sensor is connected
+** This bit is only honored/used by the uGuru if a volt sensor is connected
+Note with some trickery this can be used to find out what kinda sensor is
+detected see the Linux kernel driver for an example with many comments on
+how todo this.
+
+Byte 1:
+Temp sensor: warning threshold (scale as bank 0x21)
+Volt sensor: min threshold (scale as bank 0x21)
+
+Byte 2:
+Temp sensor: shutdown threshold (scale as bank 0x21)
+Volt sensor: max threshold (scale as bank 0x21)
+
+
+Bank 0x24 PWM outputs for FAN's (R)
+Bank 0x25 PWM outputs for FAN's (W)
+-----------------------------------
+
+This bank contains 3 "sensors", for each sensor it contains 5 bytes.
+Sensor 0 usually controls the CPU fan
+Sensor 1 usually controls the NB (or chipset for single chip) fan
+Sensor 2 usually controls the System fan
+
+Byte 0:
+Flag 0x80 to enable control, Fan runs at 100% when disabled.
+low nibble (temp)sensor address at bank 0x21 used for control.
+
+Byte 1:
+0-255 = 0-12v (linear), specify voltage at which fan will rotate when under
+low threshold temp (specified in byte 3)
+
+Byte 2:
+0-255 = 0-12v (linear), specify voltage at which fan will rotate when above
+high threshold temp (specified in byte 4)
+
+Byte 3:
+Low threshold temp (scale as bank 0x21)
+
+byte 4:
+High threshold temp (scale as bank 0x21)
+
+
+Bank 0x26 Sensors Bank2 Values / Readings (R)
+---------------------------------------------
+
+This bank contains 6 sensors (AFAIK), for each sensor it contains 1 byte.
+So far the following sensors are known to be available on all motherboards:
+Sensor 0: CPU fan speed
+Sensor 1: NB (or chipset for single chip) fan speed
+Sensor 2: SYS fan speed
+
+Byte 0:
+This byte holds the reading from the sensor. 0-255 = 0-15300 (linear)
+
+
+Bank 0x27 Sensors Bank2 Settings (R)
+Bank 0x28 Sensors Bank2 Settings (W)
+------------------------------------
+
+This bank contains 6 sensors (AFAIK), for each sensor it contains 2 bytes.
+
+Byte 0:
+Alarm behaviour for the selected sensor. A 1 enables the described behaviour.
+Bit 0: Give an alarm if measured rpm is under the min threshold (RW)
+Bit 3: Beep if alarm (RW)
+Bit 7: Shutdown if alarm persist for more than 4 seconds (RW)
+
+Byte 1:
+min threshold (scale as bank 0x26)
+
+
+Warning for the adventerous
+===========================
+
+A word of caution to those who want to experiment and see if they can figure
+the voltage / clock programming out, I tried reading and only reading banks
+0-0x30 with the reading code used for the sensor banks (0x20-0x28) and this
+resulted in a _permanent_ reprogramming of the voltages, luckily I had the
+sensors part configured so that it would shutdown my system on any out of spec
+voltages which proprably safed my computer (after a reboot I managed to
+immediately enter the bios and reload the defaults). This probably means that
+the read/write cycle for the non sensor part is different from the sensor part.