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+
+=========
+ID Mapper
+=========
+Id mapper is used by NFS to translate user and group ids into names, and to
+translate user and group names into ids. Part of this translation involves
+performing an upcall to userspace to request the information. There are two
+ways NFS could obtain this information: placing a call to /sbin/request-key
+or by placing a call to the rpc.idmap daemon.
+
+NFS will attempt to call /sbin/request-key first. If this succeeds, the
+result will be cached using the generic request-key cache. This call should
+only fail if /etc/request-key.conf is not configured for the id_resolver key
+type, see the "Configuring" section below if you wish to use the request-key
+method.
+
+If the call to /sbin/request-key fails (if /etc/request-key.conf is not
+configured with the id_resolver key type), then the idmapper will ask the
+legacy rpc.idmap daemon for the id mapping. This result will be stored
+in a custom NFS idmap cache.
+
+
+===========
+Configuring
+===========
+The file /etc/request-key.conf will need to be modified so /sbin/request-key can
+direct the upcall. The following line should be added:
+
+#OP TYPE DESCRIPTION CALLOUT INFO PROGRAM ARG1 ARG2 ARG3 ...
+#====== ======= =============== =============== ===============================
+create id_resolver * * /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap %k %d 600
+
+This will direct all id_resolver requests to the program /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap.
+The last parameter, 600, defines how many seconds into the future the key will
+expire. This parameter is optional for /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap. When the timeout
+is not specified, nfs.idmap will default to 600 seconds.
+
+id mapper uses for key descriptions:
+ uid: Find the UID for the given user
+ gid: Find the GID for the given group
+ user: Find the user name for the given UID
+ group: Find the group name for the given GID
+
+You can handle any of these individually, rather than using the generic upcall
+program. If you would like to use your own program for a uid lookup then you
+would edit your request-key.conf so it look similar to this:
+
+#OP TYPE DESCRIPTION CALLOUT INFO PROGRAM ARG1 ARG2 ARG3 ...
+#====== ======= =============== =============== ===============================
+create id_resolver uid:* * /some/other/program %k %d 600
+create id_resolver * * /usr/sbin/nfs.idmap %k %d 600
+
+Notice that the new line was added above the line for the generic program.
+request-key will find the first matching line and corresponding program. In
+this case, /some/other/program will handle all uid lookups and
+/usr/sbin/nfs.idmap will handle gid, user, and group lookups.
+
+See <file:Documentation/security/keys-request-key.txt> for more information
+about the request-key function.
+
+
+=========
+nfs.idmap
+=========
+nfs.idmap is designed to be called by request-key, and should not be run "by
+hand". This program takes two arguments, a serialized key and a key
+description. The serialized key is first converted into a key_serial_t, and
+then passed as an argument to keyctl_instantiate (both are part of keyutils.h).
+
+The actual lookups are performed by functions found in nfsidmap.h. nfs.idmap
+determines the correct function to call by looking at the first part of the
+description string. For example, a uid lookup description will appear as
+"uid:user@domain".
+
+nfs.idmap will return 0 if the key was instantiated, and non-zero otherwise.