path: root/Documentation/fb/deferred_io.txt
diff options
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/fb/deferred_io.txt')
1 files changed, 75 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/fb/deferred_io.txt b/Documentation/fb/deferred_io.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000..74832837
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/fb/deferred_io.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,75 @@
+Deferred IO
+Deferred IO is a way to delay and repurpose IO. It uses host memory as a
+buffer and the MMU pagefault as a pretrigger for when to perform the device
+IO. The following example may be a useful explanation of how one such setup
+- userspace app like Xfbdev mmaps framebuffer
+- deferred IO and driver sets up fault and page_mkwrite handlers
+- userspace app tries to write to mmaped vaddress
+- we get pagefault and reach fault handler
+- fault handler finds and returns physical page
+- we get page_mkwrite where we add this page to a list
+- schedule a workqueue task to be run after a delay
+- app continues writing to that page with no additional cost. this is
+ the key benefit.
+- the workqueue task comes in and mkcleans the pages on the list, then
+ completes the work associated with updating the framebuffer. this is
+ the real work talking to the device.
+- app tries to write to the address (that has now been mkcleaned)
+- get pagefault and the above sequence occurs again
+As can be seen from above, one benefit is roughly to allow bursty framebuffer
+writes to occur at minimum cost. Then after some time when hopefully things
+have gone quiet, we go and really update the framebuffer which would be
+a relatively more expensive operation.
+For some types of nonvolatile high latency displays, the desired image is
+the final image rather than the intermediate stages which is why it's okay
+to not update for each write that is occurring.
+It may be the case that this is useful in other scenarios as well. Paul Mundt
+has mentioned a case where it is beneficial to use the page count to decide
+whether to coalesce and issue SG DMA or to do memory bursts.
+Another one may be if one has a device framebuffer that is in an usual format,
+say diagonally shifting RGB, this may then be a mechanism for you to allow
+apps to pretend to have a normal framebuffer but reswizzle for the device
+framebuffer at vsync time based on the touched pagelist.
+How to use it: (for applications)
+No changes needed. mmap the framebuffer like normal and just use it.
+How to use it: (for fbdev drivers)
+The following example may be helpful.
+1. Setup your structure. Eg:
+static struct fb_deferred_io hecubafb_defio = {
+ .delay = HZ,
+ .deferred_io = hecubafb_dpy_deferred_io,
+The delay is the minimum delay between when the page_mkwrite trigger occurs
+and when the deferred_io callback is called. The deferred_io callback is
+explained below.
+2. Setup your deferred IO callback. Eg:
+static void hecubafb_dpy_deferred_io(struct fb_info *info,
+ struct list_head *pagelist)
+The deferred_io callback is where you would perform all your IO to the display
+device. You receive the pagelist which is the list of pages that were written
+to during the delay. You must not modify this list. This callback is called
+from a workqueue.
+3. Call init
+ info->fbdefio = &hecubafb_defio;
+ fb_deferred_io_init(info);
+4. Call cleanup
+ fb_deferred_io_cleanup(info);