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+ DMA Engine API Guide
+ ====================
+
+ Vinod Koul <vinod dot koul at intel.com>
+
+NOTE: For DMA Engine usage in async_tx please see:
+ Documentation/crypto/async-tx-api.txt
+
+
+Below is a guide to device driver writers on how to use the Slave-DMA API of the
+DMA Engine. This is applicable only for slave DMA usage only.
+
+The slave DMA usage consists of following steps:
+1. Allocate a DMA slave channel
+2. Set slave and controller specific parameters
+3. Get a descriptor for transaction
+4. Submit the transaction
+5. Issue pending requests and wait for callback notification
+
+1. Allocate a DMA slave channel
+
+ Channel allocation is slightly different in the slave DMA context,
+ client drivers typically need a channel from a particular DMA
+ controller only and even in some cases a specific channel is desired.
+ To request a channel dma_request_channel() API is used.
+
+ Interface:
+ struct dma_chan *dma_request_channel(dma_cap_mask_t mask,
+ dma_filter_fn filter_fn,
+ void *filter_param);
+ where dma_filter_fn is defined as:
+ typedef bool (*dma_filter_fn)(struct dma_chan *chan, void *filter_param);
+
+ The 'filter_fn' parameter is optional, but highly recommended for
+ slave and cyclic channels as they typically need to obtain a specific
+ DMA channel.
+
+ When the optional 'filter_fn' parameter is NULL, dma_request_channel()
+ simply returns the first channel that satisfies the capability mask.
+
+ Otherwise, the 'filter_fn' routine will be called once for each free
+ channel which has a capability in 'mask'. 'filter_fn' is expected to
+ return 'true' when the desired DMA channel is found.
+
+ A channel allocated via this interface is exclusive to the caller,
+ until dma_release_channel() is called.
+
+2. Set slave and controller specific parameters
+
+ Next step is always to pass some specific information to the DMA
+ driver. Most of the generic information which a slave DMA can use
+ is in struct dma_slave_config. This allows the clients to specify
+ DMA direction, DMA addresses, bus widths, DMA burst lengths etc
+ for the peripheral.
+
+ If some DMA controllers have more parameters to be sent then they
+ should try to embed struct dma_slave_config in their controller
+ specific structure. That gives flexibility to client to pass more
+ parameters, if required.
+
+ Interface:
+ int dmaengine_slave_config(struct dma_chan *chan,
+ struct dma_slave_config *config)
+
+ Please see the dma_slave_config structure definition in dmaengine.h
+ for a detailed explanation of the struct members. Please note
+ that the 'direction' member will be going away as it duplicates the
+ direction given in the prepare call.
+
+3. Get a descriptor for transaction
+
+ For slave usage the various modes of slave transfers supported by the
+ DMA-engine are:
+
+ slave_sg - DMA a list of scatter gather buffers from/to a peripheral
+ dma_cyclic - Perform a cyclic DMA operation from/to a peripheral till the
+ operation is explicitly stopped.
+ interleaved_dma - This is common to Slave as well as M2M clients. For slave
+ address of devices' fifo could be already known to the driver.
+ Various types of operations could be expressed by setting
+ appropriate values to the 'dma_interleaved_template' members.
+
+ A non-NULL return of this transfer API represents a "descriptor" for
+ the given transaction.
+
+ Interface:
+ struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *(*chan->device->device_prep_slave_sg)(
+ struct dma_chan *chan, struct scatterlist *sgl,
+ unsigned int sg_len, enum dma_data_direction direction,
+ unsigned long flags);
+
+ struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *(*chan->device->device_prep_dma_cyclic)(
+ struct dma_chan *chan, dma_addr_t buf_addr, size_t buf_len,
+ size_t period_len, enum dma_data_direction direction);
+
+ struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *(*device_prep_interleaved_dma)(
+ struct dma_chan *chan, struct dma_interleaved_template *xt,
+ unsigned long flags);
+
+ The peripheral driver is expected to have mapped the scatterlist for
+ the DMA operation prior to calling device_prep_slave_sg, and must
+ keep the scatterlist mapped until the DMA operation has completed.
+ The scatterlist must be mapped using the DMA struct device. So,
+ normal setup should look like this:
+
+ nr_sg = dma_map_sg(chan->device->dev, sgl, sg_len);
+ if (nr_sg == 0)
+ /* error */
+
+ desc = chan->device->device_prep_slave_sg(chan, sgl, nr_sg,
+ direction, flags);
+
+ Once a descriptor has been obtained, the callback information can be
+ added and the descriptor must then be submitted. Some DMA engine
+ drivers may hold a spinlock between a successful preparation and
+ submission so it is important that these two operations are closely
+ paired.
+
+ Note:
+ Although the async_tx API specifies that completion callback
+ routines cannot submit any new operations, this is not the
+ case for slave/cyclic DMA.
+
+ For slave DMA, the subsequent transaction may not be available
+ for submission prior to callback function being invoked, so
+ slave DMA callbacks are permitted to prepare and submit a new
+ transaction.
+
+ For cyclic DMA, a callback function may wish to terminate the
+ DMA via dmaengine_terminate_all().
+
+ Therefore, it is important that DMA engine drivers drop any
+ locks before calling the callback function which may cause a
+ deadlock.
+
+ Note that callbacks will always be invoked from the DMA
+ engines tasklet, never from interrupt context.
+
+4. Submit the transaction
+
+ Once the descriptor has been prepared and the callback information
+ added, it must be placed on the DMA engine drivers pending queue.
+
+ Interface:
+ dma_cookie_t dmaengine_submit(struct dma_async_tx_descriptor *desc)
+
+ This returns a cookie can be used to check the progress of DMA engine
+ activity via other DMA engine calls not covered in this document.
+
+ dmaengine_submit() will not start the DMA operation, it merely adds
+ it to the pending queue. For this, see step 5, dma_async_issue_pending.
+
+5. Issue pending DMA requests and wait for callback notification
+
+ The transactions in the pending queue can be activated by calling the
+ issue_pending API. If channel is idle then the first transaction in
+ queue is started and subsequent ones queued up.
+
+ On completion of each DMA operation, the next in queue is started and
+ a tasklet triggered. The tasklet will then call the client driver
+ completion callback routine for notification, if set.
+
+ Interface:
+ void dma_async_issue_pending(struct dma_chan *chan);
+
+Further APIs:
+
+1. int dmaengine_terminate_all(struct dma_chan *chan)
+
+ This causes all activity for the DMA channel to be stopped, and may
+ discard data in the DMA FIFO which hasn't been fully transferred.
+ No callback functions will be called for any incomplete transfers.
+
+2. int dmaengine_pause(struct dma_chan *chan)
+
+ This pauses activity on the DMA channel without data loss.
+
+3. int dmaengine_resume(struct dma_chan *chan)
+
+ Resume a previously paused DMA channel. It is invalid to resume a
+ channel which is not currently paused.
+
+4. enum dma_status dma_async_is_tx_complete(struct dma_chan *chan,
+ dma_cookie_t cookie, dma_cookie_t *last, dma_cookie_t *used)
+
+ This can be used to check the status of the channel. Please see
+ the documentation in include/linux/dmaengine.h for a more complete
+ description of this API.
+
+ This can be used in conjunction with dma_async_is_complete() and
+ the cookie returned from 'descriptor->submit()' to check for
+ completion of a specific DMA transaction.
+
+ Note:
+ Not all DMA engine drivers can return reliable information for
+ a running DMA channel. It is recommended that DMA engine users
+ pause or stop (via dmaengine_terminate_all) the channel before
+ using this API.