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+<refentry id="vidioc-g-crop">
+ <refmeta>
+ <refentrytitle>ioctl VIDIOC_G_CROP, VIDIOC_S_CROP</refentrytitle>
+ &manvol;
+ </refmeta>
+
+ <refnamediv>
+ <refname>VIDIOC_G_CROP</refname>
+ <refname>VIDIOC_S_CROP</refname>
+ <refpurpose>Get or set the current cropping rectangle</refpurpose>
+ </refnamediv>
+
+ <refsynopsisdiv>
+ <funcsynopsis>
+ <funcprototype>
+ <funcdef>int <function>ioctl</function></funcdef>
+ <paramdef>int <parameter>fd</parameter></paramdef>
+ <paramdef>int <parameter>request</parameter></paramdef>
+ <paramdef>struct v4l2_crop *<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
+ </funcprototype>
+ </funcsynopsis>
+ <funcsynopsis>
+ <funcprototype>
+ <funcdef>int <function>ioctl</function></funcdef>
+ <paramdef>int <parameter>fd</parameter></paramdef>
+ <paramdef>int <parameter>request</parameter></paramdef>
+ <paramdef>const struct v4l2_crop *<parameter>argp</parameter></paramdef>
+ </funcprototype>
+ </funcsynopsis>
+ </refsynopsisdiv>
+
+ <refsect1>
+ <title>Arguments</title>
+
+ <variablelist>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term><parameter>fd</parameter></term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>&fd;</para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term><parameter>request</parameter></term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>VIDIOC_G_CROP, VIDIOC_S_CROP</para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ <varlistentry>
+ <term><parameter>argp</parameter></term>
+ <listitem>
+ <para></para>
+ </listitem>
+ </varlistentry>
+ </variablelist>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1>
+ <title>Description</title>
+
+ <para>To query the cropping rectangle size and position
+applications set the <structfield>type</structfield> field of a
+<structname>v4l2_crop</structname> structure to the respective buffer
+(stream) type and call the <constant>VIDIOC_G_CROP</constant> ioctl
+with a pointer to this structure. The driver fills the rest of the
+structure or returns the &EINVAL; if cropping is not supported.</para>
+
+ <para>To change the cropping rectangle applications initialize the
+<structfield>type</structfield> and &v4l2-rect; substructure named
+<structfield>c</structfield> of a v4l2_crop structure and call the
+<constant>VIDIOC_S_CROP</constant> ioctl with a pointer to this
+structure.</para>
+
+ <para>The driver first adjusts the requested dimensions against
+hardware limits, &ie; the bounds given by the capture/output window,
+and it rounds to the closest possible values of horizontal and
+vertical offset, width and height. In particular the driver must round
+the vertical offset of the cropping rectangle to frame lines modulo
+two, such that the field order cannot be confused.</para>
+
+ <para>Second the driver adjusts the image size (the opposite
+rectangle of the scaling process, source or target depending on the
+data direction) to the closest size possible while maintaining the
+current horizontal and vertical scaling factor.</para>
+
+ <para>Finally the driver programs the hardware with the actual
+cropping and image parameters. <constant>VIDIOC_S_CROP</constant> is a
+write-only ioctl, it does not return the actual parameters. To query
+them applications must call <constant>VIDIOC_G_CROP</constant> and
+&VIDIOC-G-FMT;. When the parameters are unsuitable the application may
+modify the cropping or image parameters and repeat the cycle until
+satisfactory parameters have been negotiated.</para>
+
+ <para>When cropping is not supported then no parameters are
+changed and <constant>VIDIOC_S_CROP</constant> returns the
+&EINVAL;.</para>
+
+ <table pgwide="1" frame="none" id="v4l2-crop">
+ <title>struct <structname>v4l2_crop</structname></title>
+ <tgroup cols="3">
+ &cs-str;
+ <tbody valign="top">
+ <row>
+ <entry>__u32</entry>
+ <entry><structfield>type</structfield></entry>
+ <entry>Type of the data stream, set by the application.
+Only these types are valid here: <constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_CAPTURE</constant>,
+<constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OUTPUT</constant> and
+<constant>V4L2_BUF_TYPE_VIDEO_OVERLAY</constant>. See <xref linkend="v4l2-buf-type" />.</entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry>&v4l2-rect;</entry>
+ <entry><structfield>c</structfield></entry>
+ <entry>Cropping rectangle. The same co-ordinate system as
+for &v4l2-cropcap; <structfield>bounds</structfield> is used.</entry>
+ </row>
+ </tbody>
+ </tgroup>
+ </table>
+ </refsect1>
+
+ <refsect1>
+ &return-value;
+ </refsect1>
+</refentry>