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+<title>DVB Frontend API</title>
+
+<para>The DVB frontend device controls the tuner and DVB demodulator
+hardware. It can be accessed through <emphasis
+role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/frontend0</emphasis>. Data types and and
+ioctl definitions can be accessed by including <emphasis
+role="tt">linux/dvb/frontend.h</emphasis> in your application.</para>
+
+<para>DVB frontends come in three varieties: DVB-S (satellite), DVB-C
+(cable) and DVB-T (terrestrial). Transmission via the internet (DVB-IP)
+is not yet handled by this API but a future extension is possible. For
+DVB-S the frontend device also supports satellite equipment control
+(SEC) via DiSEqC and V-SEC protocols. The DiSEqC (digital SEC)
+specification is available from
+<ulink url="http://www.eutelsat.com/satellites/4_5_5.html">Eutelsat</ulink>.</para>
+
+<para>Note that the DVB API may also be used for MPEG decoder-only PCI
+cards, in which case there exists no frontend device.</para>
+
+<section id="frontend_types">
+<title>Frontend Data Types</title>
+
+<section id="fe-type-t">
+<title>Frontend type</title>
+
+<para>For historical reasons, frontend types are named by the type of modulation used in
+transmission. The fontend types are given by fe_type_t type, defined as:</para>
+
+<table pgwide="1" frame="none" id="fe-type">
+<title>Frontend types</title>
+<tgroup cols="3">
+ &cs-def;
+ <thead>
+ <row>
+ <entry>fe_type</entry>
+ <entry>Description</entry>
+ <entry><link linkend="DTV-DELIVERY-SYSTEM">DTV_DELIVERY_SYSTEM</link> equivalent type</entry>
+ </row>
+ </thead>
+ <tbody valign="top">
+ <row>
+ <entry id="FE_QPSK"><constant>FE_QPSK</constant></entry>
+ <entry>For DVB-S standard</entry>
+ <entry><constant>SYS_DVBS</constant></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry id="FE_QAM"><constant>FE_QAM</constant></entry>
+ <entry>For DVB-C annex A standard</entry>
+ <entry><constant>SYS_DVBC_ANNEX_A</constant></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry id="FE_OFDM"><constant>FE_OFDM</constant></entry>
+ <entry>For DVB-T standard</entry>
+ <entry><constant>SYS_DVBT</constant></entry>
+ </row>
+ <row>
+ <entry id="FE_ATSC"><constant>FE_ATSC</constant></entry>
+ <entry>For ATSC standard (terrestrial) or for DVB-C Annex B (cable) used in US.</entry>
+ <entry><constant>SYS_ATSC</constant> (terrestrial) or <constant>SYS_DVBC_ANNEX_B</constant> (cable)</entry>
+ </row>
+</tbody></tgroup></table>
+
+<para>Newer formats like DVB-S2, ISDB-T, ISDB-S and DVB-T2 are not described at the above, as they're
+supported via the new <link linkend="FE_GET_SET_PROPERTY">FE_GET_PROPERTY/FE_GET_SET_PROPERTY</link> ioctl's, using the <link linkend="DTV-DELIVERY-SYSTEM">DTV_DELIVERY_SYSTEM</link> parameter.
+</para>
+
+<para>The usage of this field is deprecated, as it doesn't report all supported standards, and
+will provide an incomplete information for frontends that support multiple delivery systems.
+Please use <link linkend="DTV-ENUM-DELSYS">DTV_ENUM_DELSYS</link> instead.</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="fe-caps-t">
+<title>frontend capabilities</title>
+
+<para>Capabilities describe what a frontend can do. Some capabilities can only be supported for
+a specific frontend type.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_caps {
+ FE_IS_STUPID = 0,
+ FE_CAN_INVERSION_AUTO = 0x1,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_1_2 = 0x2,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_2_3 = 0x4,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_3_4 = 0x8,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_4_5 = 0x10,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_5_6 = 0x20,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_6_7 = 0x40,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_7_8 = 0x80,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_8_9 = 0x100,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_AUTO = 0x200,
+ FE_CAN_QPSK = 0x400,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_16 = 0x800,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_32 = 0x1000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_64 = 0x2000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_128 = 0x4000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_256 = 0x8000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_AUTO = 0x10000,
+ FE_CAN_TRANSMISSION_MODE_AUTO = 0x20000,
+ FE_CAN_BANDWIDTH_AUTO = 0x40000,
+ FE_CAN_GUARD_INTERVAL_AUTO = 0x80000,
+ FE_CAN_HIERARCHY_AUTO = 0x100000,
+ FE_CAN_8VSB = 0x200000,
+ FE_CAN_16VSB = 0x400000,
+ FE_HAS_EXTENDED_CAPS = 0x800000,
+ FE_CAN_MULTISTREAM = 0x4000000,
+ FE_CAN_TURBO_FEC = 0x8000000,
+ FE_CAN_2G_MODULATION = 0x10000000,
+ FE_NEEDS_BENDING = 0x20000000,
+ FE_CAN_RECOVER = 0x40000000,
+ FE_CAN_MUTE_TS = 0x80000000
+ } fe_caps_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dvb-frontend-info">
+<title>frontend information</title>
+
+<para>Information about the frontend ca be queried with
+ <link linkend="FE_GET_INFO">FE_GET_INFO</link>.</para>
+
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_frontend_info {
+ char name[128];
+ fe_type_t type;
+ uint32_t frequency_min;
+ uint32_t frequency_max;
+ uint32_t frequency_stepsize;
+ uint32_t frequency_tolerance;
+ uint32_t symbol_rate_min;
+ uint32_t symbol_rate_max;
+ uint32_t symbol_rate_tolerance; /&#x22C6; ppm &#x22C6;/
+ uint32_t notifier_delay; /&#x22C6; ms &#x22C6;/
+ fe_caps_t caps;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dvb-diseqc-master-cmd">
+<title>diseqc master command</title>
+
+<para>A message sent from the frontend to DiSEqC capable equipment.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_diseqc_master_cmd {
+ uint8_t msg [6]; /&#x22C6; { framing, address, command, data[3] } &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t msg_len; /&#x22C6; valid values are 3...6 &#x22C6;/
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section role="subsection" id="dvb-diseqc-slave-reply">
+<title>diseqc slave reply</title>
+
+<para>A reply to the frontend from DiSEqC 2.0 capable equipment.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_diseqc_slave_reply {
+ uint8_t msg [4]; /&#x22C6; { framing, data [3] } &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t msg_len; /&#x22C6; valid values are 0...4, 0 means no msg &#x22C6;/
+ int timeout; /&#x22C6; return from ioctl after timeout ms with &#x22C6;/
+ }; /&#x22C6; errorcode when no message was received &#x22C6;/
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="fe-sec-voltage-t">
+<title>diseqc slave reply</title>
+<para>The voltage is usually used with non-DiSEqC capable LNBs to switch the polarzation
+(horizontal/vertical). When using DiSEqC epuipment this voltage has to be switched
+consistently to the DiSEqC commands as described in the DiSEqC spec.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_sec_voltage {
+ SEC_VOLTAGE_13,
+ SEC_VOLTAGE_18
+ } fe_sec_voltage_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="fe-sec-tone-mode-t">
+<title>SEC continuous tone</title>
+
+<para>The continuous 22KHz tone is usually used with non-DiSEqC capable LNBs to switch the
+high/low band of a dual-band LNB. When using DiSEqC epuipment this voltage has to
+be switched consistently to the DiSEqC commands as described in the DiSEqC
+spec.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_sec_tone_mode {
+ SEC_TONE_ON,
+ SEC_TONE_OFF
+ } fe_sec_tone_mode_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="fe-sec-mini-cmd-t">
+<title>SEC tone burst</title>
+
+<para>The 22KHz tone burst is usually used with non-DiSEqC capable switches to select
+between two connected LNBs/satellites. When using DiSEqC epuipment this voltage has to
+be switched consistently to the DiSEqC commands as described in the DiSEqC
+spec.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_sec_mini_cmd {
+ SEC_MINI_A,
+ SEC_MINI_B
+ } fe_sec_mini_cmd_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+<para></para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="fe-status-t">
+<title>frontend status</title>
+<para>Several functions of the frontend device use the fe_status data type defined
+by</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum fe_status {
+ FE_HAS_SIGNAL = 0x01,
+ FE_HAS_CARRIER = 0x02,
+ FE_HAS_VITERBI = 0x04,
+ FE_HAS_SYNC = 0x08,
+ FE_HAS_LOCK = 0x10,
+ FE_TIMEDOUT = 0x20,
+ FE_REINIT = 0x40,
+} fe_status_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>to indicate the current state and/or state changes of the frontend hardware:
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody>
+<row>
+<entry align="char">FE_HAS_SIGNAL</entry>
+<entry align="char">The frontend has found something above the noise level</entry>
+</row><row>
+<entry align="char">FE_HAS_CARRIER</entry>
+<entry align="char">The frontend has found a DVB signal</entry>
+</row><row>
+<entry align="char">FE_HAS_VITERBI</entry>
+<entry align="char">The frontend FEC inner coding (Viterbi, LDPC or other inner code) is stable</entry>
+</row><row>
+<entry align="char">FE_HAS_SYNC</entry>
+<entry align="char">Syncronization bytes was found</entry>
+</row><row>
+<entry align="char">FE_HAS_LOCK</entry>
+<entry align="char">The DVB were locked and everything is working</entry>
+</row><row>
+<entry align="char">FE_TIMEDOUT</entry>
+<entry align="char">no lock within the last about 2 seconds</entry>
+</row><row>
+<entry align="char">FE_REINIT</entry>
+<entry align="char">The frontend was reinitialized, application is
+recommended to reset DiSEqC, tone and parameters</entry>
+</row>
+</tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="dvb-frontend-parameters">
+<title>frontend parameters</title>
+<para>The kind of parameters passed to the frontend device for tuning depend on
+the kind of hardware you are using.</para>
+<para>The struct <constant>dvb_frontend_parameters</constant> uses an
+union with specific per-system parameters. However, as newer delivery systems
+required more data, the structure size weren't enough to fit, and just
+extending its size would break the existing applications. So, those parameters
+were replaced by the usage of <link linkend="FE_GET_SET_PROPERTY">
+<constant>FE_GET_PROPERTY/FE_SET_PROPERTY</constant></link> ioctl's. The
+new API is flexible enough to add new parameters to existing delivery systems,
+and to add newer delivery systems.</para>
+<para>So, newer applications should use <link linkend="FE_GET_SET_PROPERTY">
+<constant>FE_GET_PROPERTY/FE_SET_PROPERTY</constant></link> instead, in
+order to be able to support the newer System Delivery like DVB-S2, DVB-T2,
+DVB-C2, ISDB, etc.</para>
+<para>All kinds of parameters are combined as an union in the FrontendParameters structure:
+<programlisting>
+struct dvb_frontend_parameters {
+ uint32_t frequency; /&#x22C6; (absolute) frequency in Hz for QAM/OFDM &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; intermediate frequency in kHz for QPSK &#x22C6;/
+ fe_spectral_inversion_t inversion;
+ union {
+ struct dvb_qpsk_parameters qpsk;
+ struct dvb_qam_parameters qam;
+ struct dvb_ofdm_parameters ofdm;
+ struct dvb_vsb_parameters vsb;
+ } u;
+};
+</programlisting></para>
+<para>In the case of QPSK frontends the <constant>frequency</constant> field specifies the intermediate
+frequency, i.e. the offset which is effectively added to the local oscillator frequency (LOF) of
+the LNB. The intermediate frequency has to be specified in units of kHz. For QAM and
+OFDM frontends the <constant>frequency</constant> specifies the absolute frequency and is given in Hz.
+</para>
+
+<section id="dvb-qpsk-parameters">
+<title>QPSK parameters</title>
+<para>For satellite QPSK frontends you have to use the <constant>dvb_qpsk_parameters</constant> structure:</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_qpsk_parameters {
+ uint32_t symbol_rate; /&#x22C6; symbol rate in Symbols per second &#x22C6;/
+ fe_code_rate_t fec_inner; /&#x22C6; forward error correction (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section id="dvb-qam-parameters">
+<title>QAM parameters</title>
+<para>for cable QAM frontend you use the <constant>dvb_qam_parameters</constant> structure:</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_qam_parameters {
+ uint32_t symbol_rate; /&#x22C6; symbol rate in Symbols per second &#x22C6;/
+ fe_code_rate_t fec_inner; /&#x22C6; forward error correction (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ fe_modulation_t modulation; /&#x22C6; modulation type (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section id="dvb-vsb-parameters">
+<title>VSB parameters</title>
+<para>ATSC frontends are supported by the <constant>dvb_vsb_parameters</constant> structure:</para>
+<programlisting>
+struct dvb_vsb_parameters {
+ fe_modulation_t modulation; /&#x22C6; modulation type (see above) &#x22C6;/
+};
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section id="dvb-ofdm-parameters">
+<title>OFDM parameters</title>
+<para>DVB-T frontends are supported by the <constant>dvb_ofdm_parameters</constant> structure:</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_ofdm_parameters {
+ fe_bandwidth_t bandwidth;
+ fe_code_rate_t code_rate_HP; /&#x22C6; high priority stream code rate &#x22C6;/
+ fe_code_rate_t code_rate_LP; /&#x22C6; low priority stream code rate &#x22C6;/
+ fe_modulation_t constellation; /&#x22C6; modulation type (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ fe_transmit_mode_t transmission_mode;
+ fe_guard_interval_t guard_interval;
+ fe_hierarchy_t hierarchy_information;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section id="fe-spectral-inversion-t">
+<title>frontend spectral inversion</title>
+<para>The Inversion field can take one of these values:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum fe_spectral_inversion {
+ INVERSION_OFF,
+ INVERSION_ON,
+ INVERSION_AUTO
+} fe_spectral_inversion_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>It indicates if spectral inversion should be presumed or not. In the automatic setting
+(<constant>INVERSION_AUTO</constant>) the hardware will try to figure out the correct setting by
+itself.
+</para>
+</section>
+<section id="fe-code-rate-t">
+<title>frontend code rate</title>
+<para>The possible values for the <constant>fec_inner</constant> field used on
+<link linkend="dvb-qpsk-parameters"><constant>struct dvb_qpsk_parameters</constant></link> and
+<link linkend="dvb-qam-parameters"><constant>struct dvb_qam_parameters</constant></link> are:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum fe_code_rate {
+ FEC_NONE = 0,
+ FEC_1_2,
+ FEC_2_3,
+ FEC_3_4,
+ FEC_4_5,
+ FEC_5_6,
+ FEC_6_7,
+ FEC_7_8,
+ FEC_8_9,
+ FEC_AUTO,
+ FEC_3_5,
+ FEC_9_10,
+} fe_code_rate_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>which correspond to error correction rates of 1/2, 2/3, etc., no error correction or auto
+detection.
+</para>
+</section>
+<section id="fe-modulation-t">
+<title>frontend modulation type for QAM, OFDM and VSB</title>
+<para>For cable and terrestrial frontends, e. g. for
+<link linkend="dvb-qam-parameters"><constant>struct dvb_qpsk_parameters</constant></link>,
+<link linkend="dvb-ofdm-parameters"><constant>struct dvb_qam_parameters</constant></link> and
+<link linkend="dvb-vsb-parameters"><constant>struct dvb_qam_parameters</constant></link>,
+it needs to specify the quadrature modulation mode which can be one of the following:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_modulation {
+ QPSK,
+ QAM_16,
+ QAM_32,
+ QAM_64,
+ QAM_128,
+ QAM_256,
+ QAM_AUTO,
+ VSB_8,
+ VSB_16,
+ PSK_8,
+ APSK_16,
+ APSK_32,
+ DQPSK,
+ } fe_modulation_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section>
+<title>More OFDM parameters</title>
+<section id="fe-transmit-mode-t">
+<title>Number of carriers per channel</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum fe_transmit_mode {
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_2K,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_AUTO,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_4K,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_1K,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_16K,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_32K,
+ } fe_transmit_mode_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section id="fe-bandwidth-t">
+<title>frontend bandwidth</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum fe_bandwidth {
+ BANDWIDTH_8_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_7_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_6_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_AUTO,
+ BANDWIDTH_5_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_10_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_1_712_MHZ,
+} fe_bandwidth_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section id="fe-guard-interval-t">
+<title>frontend guard inverval</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum fe_guard_interval {
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_32,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_16,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_8,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_AUTO,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_128,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_19_128,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_19_256,
+} fe_guard_interval_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section id="fe-hierarchy-t">
+<title>frontend hierarchy</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum fe_hierarchy {
+ HIERARCHY_NONE,
+ HIERARCHY_1,
+ HIERARCHY_2,
+ HIERARCHY_4,
+ HIERARCHY_AUTO
+ } fe_hierarchy_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="dvb-frontend-event">
+<title>frontend events</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ struct dvb_frontend_event {
+ fe_status_t status;
+ struct dvb_frontend_parameters parameters;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+ </section>
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="frontend_fcalls">
+<title>Frontend Function Calls</title>
+
+<section id="frontend_f_open">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>This system call opens a named frontend device (/dev/dvb/adapter0/frontend0)
+ for subsequent use. Usually the first thing to do after a successful open is to
+ find out the frontend type with <link linkend="FE_GET_INFO">FE_GET_INFO</link>.</para>
+<para>The device can be opened in read-only mode, which only allows monitoring of
+ device status and statistics, or read/write mode, which allows any kind of use
+ (e.g. performing tuning operations.)
+</para>
+<para>In a system with multiple front-ends, it is usually the case that multiple devices
+ cannot be open in read/write mode simultaneously. As long as a front-end
+ device is opened in read/write mode, other open() calls in read/write mode will
+ either fail or block, depending on whether non-blocking or blocking mode was
+ specified. A front-end device opened in blocking mode can later be put into
+ non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command of the fcntl
+ system call. This is a standard system call, documented in the Linux manual
+ page for fcntl. When an open() call has succeeded, the device will be ready
+ for use in the specified mode. This implies that the corresponding hardware is
+ powered up, and that other front-ends may have been powered down to make
+ that possible.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of specific video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDONLY read-only access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_f_close">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call closes a previously opened front-end device. After closing
+ a front-end device, its corresponding hardware might be powered down
+ automatically.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_READ_STATUS">
+<title>FE_READ_STATUS</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns status information about the front-end. This call only
+ requires read-only access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_READ_STATUS">FE_READ_STATUS</link>,
+ fe_status_t &#x22C6;status);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_READ_STATUS">FE_READ_STATUS</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct fe_status_t
+ *status</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to the location where the front-end status word is
+ to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>status points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_READ_BER">
+<title>FE_READ_BER</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the bit error rate for the signal currently
+ received/demodulated by the front-end. For this command, read-only access to
+ the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_READ_BER">FE_READ_BER</link>,
+ uint32_t &#x22C6;ber);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_READ_BER">FE_READ_BER</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>uint32_t *ber</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The bit error rate is stored into *ber.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_READ_SNR">
+<title>FE_READ_SNR</title>
+
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the signal-to-noise ratio for the signal currently received
+ by the front-end. For this command, read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_READ_SNR">FE_READ_SNR</link>, int16_t
+ &#x22C6;snr);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_READ_SNR">FE_READ_SNR</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int16_t *snr</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The signal-to-noise ratio is stored into *snr.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH">
+<title>FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the signal strength value for the signal currently received
+ by the front-end. For this command, read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH">FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH</link>, int16_t &#x22C6;strength);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH">FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH</link> for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int16_t *strength</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The signal strength value is stored into *strength.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS">
+<title>FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the number of uncorrected blocks detected by the device
+ driver during its lifetime. For meaningful measurements, the increment in block
+ count during a specific time interval should be calculated. For this command,
+ read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Note that the counter will wrap to zero after its maximum count has been
+ reached.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS">FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS</link>, uint32_t &#x22C6;ublocks);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS">FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS</link> for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>uint32_t *ublocks</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The total number of uncorrected blocks seen by the driver
+ so far.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_SET_FRONTEND">
+<title>FE_SET_FRONTEND</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call starts a tuning operation using specified parameters. The result
+ of this call will be successful if the parameters were valid and the tuning could
+ be initiated. The result of the tuning operation in itself, however, will arrive
+ asynchronously as an event (see documentation for <link linkend="FE_GET_EVENT">FE_GET_EVENT</link> and
+ FrontendEvent.) If a new <link linkend="FE_SET_FRONTEND">FE_SET_FRONTEND</link> operation is initiated before
+ the previous one was completed, the previous operation will be aborted in favor
+ of the new one. This command requires read/write access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_SET_FRONTEND">FE_SET_FRONTEND</link>,
+ struct dvb_frontend_parameters &#x22C6;p);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_SET_FRONTEND">FE_SET_FRONTEND</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_parameters
+ *p</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to parameters for tuning operation.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Maximum supported symbol rate reached.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_GET_FRONTEND">
+<title>FE_GET_FRONTEND</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call queries the currently effective frontend parameters. For this
+ command, read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_GET_FRONTEND">FE_GET_FRONTEND</link>,
+ struct dvb_frontend_parameters &#x22C6;p);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_SET_FRONTEND">FE_SET_FRONTEND</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_parameters
+ *p</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to parameters for tuning operation.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Maximum supported symbol rate reached.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_GET_EVENT">
+<title>FE_GET_EVENT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns a frontend event if available. If an event is not
+ available, the behavior depends on whether the device is in blocking or
+ non-blocking mode. In the latter case, the call fails immediately with errno
+ set to EWOULDBLOCK. In the former case, the call blocks until an event
+ becomes available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The standard Linux poll() and/or select() system calls can be used with the
+ device file descriptor to watch for new events. For select(), the file descriptor
+ should be included in the exceptfds argument, and for poll(), POLLPRI should
+ be specified as the wake-up condition. Since the event queue allocated is
+ rather small (room for 8 events), the queue must be serviced regularly to avoid
+ overflow. If an overflow happens, the oldest event is discarded from the queue,
+ and an error (EOVERFLOW) occurs the next time the queue is read. After
+ reporting the error condition in this fashion, subsequent
+ <link linkend="FE_GET_EVENT">FE_GET_EVENT</link>
+ calls will return events from the queue as usual.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>For the sake of implementation simplicity, this command requires read/write
+ access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = QPSK_GET_EVENT,
+ struct dvb_frontend_event &#x22C6;ev);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_GET_EVENT">FE_GET_EVENT</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_event
+ *ev</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to the location where the event,</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>if any, is to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EWOULDBLOCK</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>There is no event pending, and the device is in
+ non-blocking mode.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EOVERFLOW</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Overflow in event queue - one or more events were lost.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_GET_INFO">
+<title>FE_GET_INFO</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns information about the front-end. This call only requires
+ read-only access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_GET_INFO">FE_GET_INFO</link>, struct
+ dvb_frontend_info &#x22C6;info);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_GET_INFO">FE_GET_INFO</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_info
+ *info</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to the location where the front-end information is
+ to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If the bus has been automatically powered off due to power overload, this ioctl
+ call restores the power to the bus. The call requires read/write access to the
+ device. This call has no effect if the device is manually powered off. Not all
+ DVB adapters support this ioctl.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD">FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD</link>);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD">FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD</link> for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to send a a DiSEqC command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD">FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD</link>, struct
+ dvb_diseqc_master_cmd &#x22C6;cmd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD">FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD</link> for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_diseqc_master_cmd
+ *cmd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the command to be transmitted.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to receive reply to a DiSEqC 2.0 command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY">FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY</link>, struct
+ dvb_diseqc_slave_reply &#x22C6;reply);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY">FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY</link> for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_diseqc_slave_reply
+ *reply</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the command to be received.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to send a 22KHz tone burst.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST">FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST</link>, fe_sec_mini_cmd_t burst);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST">FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fe_sec_mini_cmd_t
+ burst</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>burst A or B.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_SET_TONE">
+<title>FE_SET_TONE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This call is used to set the generation of the continuous 22kHz tone. This call
+ requires read/write permissions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_SET_TONE">FE_SET_TONE</link>,
+ fe_sec_tone_mode_t tone);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_SET_TONE">FE_SET_TONE</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fe_sec_tone_mode_t
+ tone</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The requested tone generation mode (on/off).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_SET_VOLTAGE">
+<title>FE_SET_VOLTAGE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This call is used to set the bus voltage. This call requires read/write
+ permissions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = <link linkend="FE_SET_VOLTAGE">FE_SET_VOLTAGE</link>,
+ fe_sec_voltage_t voltage);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_SET_VOLTAGE">FE_SET_VOLTAGE</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fe_sec_voltage_t
+ voltage</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The requested bus voltage.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_ENABLE_HIGH_LNB_VOLTAGE">
+<title>FE_ENABLE_HIGH_LNB_VOLTAGE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If high != 0 enables slightly higher voltages instead of 13/18V (to compensate
+ for long cables). This call requires read/write permissions. Not all DVB
+ adapters support this ioctl.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_ENABLE_HIGH_LNB_VOLTAGE">FE_ENABLE_HIGH_LNB_VOLTAGE</link>, int high);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals <link linkend="FE_SET_VOLTAGE">FE_SET_VOLTAGE</link> for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int high</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The requested bus voltage.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_SET_FRONTEND_TUNE_MODE">
+<title>FE_SET_FRONTEND_TUNE_MODE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>Allow setting tuner mode flags to the frontend.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+<link linkend="FE_SET_FRONTEND_TUNE_MODE">FE_SET_FRONTEND_TUNE_MODE</link>, unsigned int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+ <para>unsigned int flags</para>
+</entry>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>
+FE_TUNE_MODE_ONESHOT When set, this flag will disable any zigzagging or other "normal" tuning behaviour. Additionally, there will be no automatic monitoring of the lock status, and hence no frontend events will be generated. If a frontend device is closed, this flag will be automatically turned off when the device is reopened read-write.
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="FE_DISHNETWORK_SEND_LEGACY_CMD">
+ <title>FE_DISHNETWORK_SEND_LEGACY_CMD</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>WARNING: This is a very obscure legacy command, used only at stv0299 driver. Should not be used on newer drivers.</para>
+<para>It provides a non-standard method for selecting Diseqc voltage on the frontend, for Dish Network legacy switches.</para>
+<para>As support for this ioctl were added in 2004, this means that such dishes were already legacy in 2004.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ <link linkend="FE_DISHNETWORK_SEND_LEGACY_CMD">FE_DISHNETWORK_SEND_LEGACY_CMD</link>, unsigned long cmd);</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+ <para>unsigned long cmd</para>
+</entry>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>
+sends the specified raw cmd to the dish via DISEqC.
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+</section>
+
+&sub-dvbproperty;