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+<title>DVB CA Device</title>
+<para>The DVB CA device controls the conditional access hardware. It can be accessed through
+<emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/ca0</emphasis>. Data types and and ioctl definitions can be accessed by
+including <emphasis role="tt">linux/dvb/ca.h</emphasis> in your application.
+</para>
+
+<section id="ca_data_types">
+<title>CA Data Types</title>
+
+
+<section id="ca-slot-info">
+<title>ca_slot_info_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+typedef struct ca_slot_info {
+ int num; /&#x22C6; slot number &#x22C6;/
+
+ int type; /&#x22C6; CA interface this slot supports &#x22C6;/
+#define CA_CI 1 /&#x22C6; CI high level interface &#x22C6;/
+#define CA_CI_LINK 2 /&#x22C6; CI link layer level interface &#x22C6;/
+#define CA_CI_PHYS 4 /&#x22C6; CI physical layer level interface &#x22C6;/
+#define CA_DESCR 8 /&#x22C6; built-in descrambler &#x22C6;/
+#define CA_SC 128 /&#x22C6; simple smart card interface &#x22C6;/
+
+ unsigned int flags;
+#define CA_CI_MODULE_PRESENT 1 /&#x22C6; module (or card) inserted &#x22C6;/
+#define CA_CI_MODULE_READY 2
+} ca_slot_info_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca-descr-info">
+<title>ca_descr_info_t</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef struct ca_descr_info {
+ unsigned int num; /&#x22C6; number of available descramblers (keys) &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int type; /&#x22C6; type of supported scrambling system &#x22C6;/
+#define CA_ECD 1
+#define CA_NDS 2
+#define CA_DSS 4
+} ca_descr_info_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca-caps">
+<title>ca_caps_t</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef struct ca_caps {
+ unsigned int slot_num; /&#x22C6; total number of CA card and module slots &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int slot_type; /&#x22C6; OR of all supported types &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int descr_num; /&#x22C6; total number of descrambler slots (keys) &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int descr_type;/&#x22C6; OR of all supported types &#x22C6;/
+ } ca_cap_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca-msg">
+<title>ca_msg_t</title>
+<programlisting>
+/&#x22C6; a message to/from a CI-CAM &#x22C6;/
+typedef struct ca_msg {
+ unsigned int index;
+ unsigned int type;
+ unsigned int length;
+ unsigned char msg[256];
+} ca_msg_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca-descr">
+<title>ca_descr_t</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef struct ca_descr {
+ unsigned int index;
+ unsigned int parity;
+ unsigned char cw[8];
+} ca_descr_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="ca-pid">
+<title>ca-pid</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef struct ca_pid {
+ unsigned int pid;
+ int index; /&#x22C6; -1 == disable&#x22C6;/
+} ca_pid_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section></section>
+
+<section id="ca_function_calls">
+<title>CA Function Calls</title>
+
+
+<section id="ca_fopen">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call opens a named ca device (e.g. /dev/ost/ca) for subsequent use.</para>
+<para>When an open() call has succeeded, the device will be ready for use.
+ The significance of blocking or non-blocking mode is described in the
+ documentation for functions where there is a difference. It does not affect the
+ semantics of the open() call itself. A device opened in blocking mode can later
+ be put into non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command
+ of the fcntl system call. This is a standard system call, documented in the Linux
+ manual page for fcntl. Only one user can open the CA Device in O_RDWR
+ mode. All other attempts to open the device in this mode will fail, and an error
+ code will be returned.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of specific video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDONLY read-only access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca_fclose">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call closes a previously opened audio device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section>
+
+<section id="CA_RESET"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_RESET</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_RESET);
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_RESET for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="CA_GET_CAP"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_GET_CAP</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_GET_CAP,
+ ca_caps_t *);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_GET_CAP for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ca_caps_t *
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Undocumented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="CA_GET_SLOT_INFO"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_GET_SLOT_INFO</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_GET_SLOT_INFO,
+ ca_slot_info_t *);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_GET_SLOT_INFO for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ca_slot_info_t *
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Undocumented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="CA_GET_DESCR_INFO"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_GET_DESCR_INFO</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_GET_DESCR_INFO,
+ ca_descr_info_t *);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_GET_DESCR_INFO for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ca_descr_info_t *
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Undocumented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="CA_GET_MSG"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_GET_MSG</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_GET_MSG,
+ ca_msg_t *);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_GET_MSG for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ca_msg_t *
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Undocumented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="CA_SEND_MSG"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_SEND_MSG</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_SEND_MSG,
+ ca_msg_t *);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_SEND_MSG for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ca_msg_t *
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Undocumented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="CA_SET_DESCR"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_SET_DESCR</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_SET_DESCR,
+ ca_descr_t *);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_SET_DESCR for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ca_descr_t *
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Undocumented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+<section id="CA_SET_PID"
+role="subsection"><title>CA_SET_PID</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is undocumented. Documentation is welcome.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = CA_SET_PID,
+ ca_pid_t *);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals CA_SET_PID for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ca_pid_t *
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Undocumented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+</section>
+
+</section>