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authorFathi Boudra <fathi.boudra@linaro.org>2013-04-28 09:33:08 +0300
committerFathi Boudra <fathi.boudra@linaro.org>2013-04-28 09:33:08 +0300
commit3b4bd47f8f4ed3aaf7c81c9b5d2d37ad79fadf4a (patch)
treeb9996006addfd7ae70a39672b76843b49aebc189 /Documentation/i2o/ioctl
downloadlinux-linaro-highbank-3b4bd47f8f4ed3aaf7c81c9b5d2d37ad79fadf4a.tar.gz
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+
+Linux I2O User Space Interface
+rev 0.3 - 04/20/99
+
+=============================================================================
+Originally written by Deepak Saxena(deepak@plexity.net)
+Currently maintained by Deepak Saxena(deepak@plexity.net)
+=============================================================================
+
+I. Introduction
+
+The Linux I2O subsystem provides a set of ioctl() commands that can be
+utilized by user space applications to communicate with IOPs and devices
+on individual IOPs. This document defines the specific ioctl() commands
+that are available to the user and provides examples of their uses.
+
+This document assumes the reader is familiar with or has access to the
+I2O specification as no I2O message parameters are outlined. For information
+on the specification, see http://www.i2osig.org
+
+This document and the I2O user space interface are currently maintained
+by Deepak Saxena. Please send all comments, errata, and bug fixes to
+deepak@csociety.purdue.edu
+
+II. IOP Access
+
+Access to the I2O subsystem is provided through the device file named
+/dev/i2o/ctl. This file is a character file with major number 10 and minor
+number 166. It can be created through the following command:
+
+ mknod /dev/i2o/ctl c 10 166
+
+III. Determining the IOP Count
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OGETIOPS, int *count);
+
+ u8 count[MAX_I2O_CONTROLLERS];
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function returns the system's active IOP table. count should
+ point to a buffer containing MAX_I2O_CONTROLLERS entries. Upon
+ returning, each entry will contain a non-zero value if the given
+ IOP unit is active, and NULL if it is inactive or non-existent.
+
+ RETURN VALUE.
+
+ Returns 0 if no errors occur, and -1 otherwise. If an error occurs,
+ errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+
+IV. Getting Hardware Resource Table
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OHRTGET, struct i2o_cmd_hrt *hrt);
+
+ struct i2o_cmd_hrtlct
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ void *resbuf; /* Buffer for result */
+ u32 *reslen; /* Buffer length in bytes */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function returns the Hardware Resource Table of the IOP specified
+ by hrt->iop in the buffer pointed to by hrt->resbuf. The actual size of
+ the data is written into *(hrt->reslen).
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ This function returns 0 if no errors occur. If an error occurs, -1
+ is returned and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ENOBUFS Buffer not large enough. If this occurs, the required
+ buffer length is written into *(hrt->reslen)
+
+V. Getting Logical Configuration Table
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OLCTGET, struct i2o_cmd_lct *lct);
+
+ struct i2o_cmd_hrtlct
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ void *resbuf; /* Buffer for result */
+ u32 *reslen; /* Buffer length in bytes */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function returns the Logical Configuration Table of the IOP specified
+ by lct->iop in the buffer pointed to by lct->resbuf. The actual size of
+ the data is written into *(lct->reslen).
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ This function returns 0 if no errors occur. If an error occurs, -1
+ is returned and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ENOBUFS Buffer not large enough. If this occurs, the required
+ buffer length is written into *(lct->reslen)
+
+VI. Setting Parameters
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OPARMSET, struct i2o_parm_setget *ops);
+
+ struct i2o_cmd_psetget
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ u32 tid; /* Target device TID */
+ void *opbuf; /* Operation List buffer */
+ u32 oplen; /* Operation List buffer length in bytes */
+ void *resbuf; /* Result List buffer */
+ u32 *reslen; /* Result List buffer length in bytes */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function posts a UtilParamsSet message to the device identified
+ by ops->iop and ops->tid. The operation list for the message is
+ sent through the ops->opbuf buffer, and the result list is written
+ into the buffer pointed to by ops->resbuf. The number of bytes
+ written is placed into *(ops->reslen).
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ The return value is the size in bytes of the data written into
+ ops->resbuf if no errors occur. If an error occurs, -1 is returned
+ and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ENOBUFS Buffer not large enough. If this occurs, the required
+ buffer length is written into *(ops->reslen)
+ ETIMEDOUT Timeout waiting for reply message
+ ENOMEM Kernel memory allocation error
+
+ A return value of 0 does not mean that the value was actually
+ changed properly on the IOP. The user should check the result
+ list to determine the specific status of the transaction.
+
+VII. Getting Parameters
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OPARMGET, struct i2o_parm_setget *ops);
+
+ struct i2o_parm_setget
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ u32 tid; /* Target device TID */
+ void *opbuf; /* Operation List buffer */
+ u32 oplen; /* Operation List buffer length in bytes */
+ void *resbuf; /* Result List buffer */
+ u32 *reslen; /* Result List buffer length in bytes */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function posts a UtilParamsGet message to the device identified
+ by ops->iop and ops->tid. The operation list for the message is
+ sent through the ops->opbuf buffer, and the result list is written
+ into the buffer pointed to by ops->resbuf. The actual size of data
+ written is placed into *(ops->reslen).
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ENOBUFS Buffer not large enough. If this occurs, the required
+ buffer length is written into *(ops->reslen)
+ ETIMEDOUT Timeout waiting for reply message
+ ENOMEM Kernel memory allocation error
+
+ A return value of 0 does not mean that the value was actually
+ properly retrieved. The user should check the result list
+ to determine the specific status of the transaction.
+
+VIII. Downloading Software
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OSWDL, struct i2o_sw_xfer *sw);
+
+ struct i2o_sw_xfer
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ u8 flags; /* DownloadFlags field */
+ u8 sw_type; /* Software type */
+ u32 sw_id; /* Software ID */
+ void *buf; /* Pointer to software buffer */
+ u32 *swlen; /* Length of software buffer */
+ u32 *maxfrag; /* Number of fragments */
+ u32 *curfrag; /* Current fragment number */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function downloads a software fragment pointed by sw->buf
+ to the iop identified by sw->iop. The DownloadFlags, SwID, SwType
+ and SwSize fields of the ExecSwDownload message are filled in with
+ the values of sw->flags, sw->sw_id, sw->sw_type and *(sw->swlen).
+
+ The fragments _must_ be sent in order and be 8K in size. The last
+ fragment _may_ be shorter, however. The kernel will compute its
+ size based on information in the sw->swlen field.
+
+ Please note that SW transfers can take a long time.
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ This function returns 0 no errors occur. If an error occurs, -1
+ is returned and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ETIMEDOUT Timeout waiting for reply message
+ ENOMEM Kernel memory allocation error
+
+IX. Uploading Software
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OSWUL, struct i2o_sw_xfer *sw);
+
+ struct i2o_sw_xfer
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ u8 flags; /* UploadFlags */
+ u8 sw_type; /* Software type */
+ u32 sw_id; /* Software ID */
+ void *buf; /* Pointer to software buffer */
+ u32 *swlen; /* Length of software buffer */
+ u32 *maxfrag; /* Number of fragments */
+ u32 *curfrag; /* Current fragment number */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function uploads a software fragment from the IOP identified
+ by sw->iop, sw->sw_type, sw->sw_id and optionally sw->swlen fields.
+ The UploadFlags, SwID, SwType and SwSize fields of the ExecSwUpload
+ message are filled in with the values of sw->flags, sw->sw_id,
+ sw->sw_type and *(sw->swlen).
+
+ The fragments _must_ be requested in order and be 8K in size. The
+ user is responsible for allocating memory pointed by sw->buf. The
+ last fragment _may_ be shorter.
+
+ Please note that SW transfers can take a long time.
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ This function returns 0 if no errors occur. If an error occurs, -1
+ is returned and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ETIMEDOUT Timeout waiting for reply message
+ ENOMEM Kernel memory allocation error
+
+X. Removing Software
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OSWDEL, struct i2o_sw_xfer *sw);
+
+ struct i2o_sw_xfer
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ u8 flags; /* RemoveFlags */
+ u8 sw_type; /* Software type */
+ u32 sw_id; /* Software ID */
+ void *buf; /* Unused */
+ u32 *swlen; /* Length of the software data */
+ u32 *maxfrag; /* Unused */
+ u32 *curfrag; /* Unused */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function removes software from the IOP identified by sw->iop.
+ The RemoveFlags, SwID, SwType and SwSize fields of the ExecSwRemove message
+ are filled in with the values of sw->flags, sw->sw_id, sw->sw_type and
+ *(sw->swlen). Give zero in *(sw->len) if the value is unknown. IOP uses
+ *(sw->swlen) value to verify correct identication of the module to remove.
+ The actual size of the module is written into *(sw->swlen).
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ This function returns 0 if no errors occur. If an error occurs, -1
+ is returned and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ETIMEDOUT Timeout waiting for reply message
+ ENOMEM Kernel memory allocation error
+
+X. Validating Configuration
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OVALIDATE, int *iop);
+ u32 iop;
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function posts an ExecConfigValidate message to the controller
+ identified by iop. This message indicates that the current
+ configuration is accepted. The iop changes the status of suspect drivers
+ to valid and may delete old drivers from its store.
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ This function returns 0 if no erro occur. If an error occurs, -1 is
+ returned and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ ETIMEDOUT Timeout waiting for reply message
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+
+XI. Configuration Dialog
+
+ SYNOPSIS
+
+ ioctl(fd, I2OHTML, struct i2o_html *htquery);
+ struct i2o_html
+ {
+ u32 iop; /* IOP unit number */
+ u32 tid; /* Target device ID */
+ u32 page; /* HTML page */
+ void *resbuf; /* Buffer for reply HTML page */
+ u32 *reslen; /* Length in bytes of reply buffer */
+ void *qbuf; /* Pointer to HTTP query string */
+ u32 qlen; /* Length in bytes of query string buffer */
+ };
+
+ DESCRIPTION
+
+ This function posts an UtilConfigDialog message to the device identified
+ by htquery->iop and htquery->tid. The requested HTML page number is
+ provided by the htquery->page field, and the resultant data is stored
+ in the buffer pointed to by htquery->resbuf. If there is an HTTP query
+ string that is to be sent to the device, it should be sent in the buffer
+ pointed to by htquery->qbuf. If there is no query string, this field
+ should be set to NULL. The actual size of the reply received is written
+ into *(htquery->reslen).
+
+ RETURNS
+
+ This function returns 0 if no error occur. If an error occurs, -1
+ is returned and errno is set appropriately:
+
+ EFAULT Invalid user space pointer was passed
+ ENXIO Invalid IOP number
+ ENOBUFS Buffer not large enough. If this occurs, the required
+ buffer length is written into *(ops->reslen)
+ ETIMEDOUT Timeout waiting for reply message
+ ENOMEM Kernel memory allocation error
+
+XII. Events
+
+ In the process of determining this. Current idea is to have use
+ the select() interface to allow user apps to periodically poll
+ the /dev/i2o/ctl device for events. When select() notifies the user
+ that an event is available, the user would call read() to retrieve
+ a list of all the events that are pending for the specific device.
+
+=============================================================================
+Revision History
+=============================================================================
+
+Rev 0.1 - 04/01/99
+- Initial revision
+
+Rev 0.2 - 04/06/99
+- Changed return values to match UNIX ioctl() standard. Only return values
+ are 0 and -1. All errors are reported through errno.
+- Added summary of proposed possible event interfaces
+
+Rev 0.3 - 04/20/99
+- Changed all ioctls() to use pointers to user data instead of actual data
+- Updated error values to match the code