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authorFathi Boudra <fathi.boudra@linaro.org>2013-04-28 09:33:08 +0300
committerFathi Boudra <fathi.boudra@linaro.org>2013-04-28 09:33:08 +0300
commit3b4bd47f8f4ed3aaf7c81c9b5d2d37ad79fadf4a (patch)
treeb9996006addfd7ae70a39672b76843b49aebc189 /Documentation/DocBook/media/dvb/video.xml
downloadlinux-linaro-highbank-3b4bd47f8f4ed3aaf7c81c9b5d2d37ad79fadf4a.tar.gz
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+<title>DVB Video Device</title>
+<para>The DVB video device controls the MPEG2 video decoder of the DVB hardware. It
+can be accessed through <emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/video0</emphasis>. Data types and and
+ioctl definitions can be accessed by including <emphasis role="tt">linux/dvb/video.h</emphasis> in your
+application.
+</para>
+<para>Note that the DVB video device only controls decoding of the MPEG video stream, not
+its presentation on the TV or computer screen. On PCs this is typically handled by an
+associated video4linux device, e.g. <emphasis role="tt">/dev/video</emphasis>, which allows scaling and defining output
+windows.
+</para>
+<para>Some DVB cards don&#8217;t have their own MPEG decoder, which results in the omission of
+the audio and video device as well as the video4linux device.
+</para>
+<para>The ioctls that deal with SPUs (sub picture units) and navigation packets are only
+supported on some MPEG decoders made for DVD playback.
+</para>
+<para>
+These ioctls were also used by V4L2 to control MPEG decoders implemented in V4L2. The use
+of these ioctls for that purpose has been made obsolete and proper V4L2 ioctls or controls
+have been created to replace that functionality.</para>
+<section id="video_types">
+<title>Video Data Types</title>
+
+<section id="video-format-t">
+<title>video_format_t</title>
+<para>The <emphasis role="tt">video_format_t</emphasis> data type defined by
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_FORMAT_4_3, /&#x22C6; Select 4:3 format &#x22C6;/
+ VIDEO_FORMAT_16_9, /&#x22C6; Select 16:9 format. &#x22C6;/
+ VIDEO_FORMAT_221_1 /&#x22C6; 2.21:1 &#x22C6;/
+} video_format_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>is used in the VIDEO_SET_FORMAT function (??) to tell the driver which aspect ratio
+the output hardware (e.g. TV) has. It is also used in the data structures video_status
+(??) returned by VIDEO_GET_STATUS (??) and video_event (??) returned by
+VIDEO_GET_EVENT (??) which report about the display format of the current video
+stream.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-displayformat-t">
+<title>video_displayformat_t</title>
+<para>In case the display format of the video stream and of the display hardware differ the
+application has to specify how to handle the cropping of the picture. This can be done using
+the VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_FORMAT call (??) which accepts
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_PAN_SCAN, /&#x22C6; use pan and scan format &#x22C6;/
+ VIDEO_LETTER_BOX, /&#x22C6; use letterbox format &#x22C6;/
+ VIDEO_CENTER_CUT_OUT /&#x22C6; use center cut out format &#x22C6;/
+} video_displayformat_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>as argument.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-stream-source-t">
+<title>video_stream_source_t</title>
+<para>The video stream source is set through the VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE call and can take
+the following values, depending on whether we are replaying from an internal (demuxer) or
+external (user write) source.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_SOURCE_DEMUX, /&#x22C6; Select the demux as the main source &#x22C6;/
+ VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY /&#x22C6; If this source is selected, the stream
+ comes from the user through the write
+ system call &#x22C6;/
+} video_stream_source_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>VIDEO_SOURCE_DEMUX selects the demultiplexer (fed either by the frontend or the
+DVR device) as the source of the video stream. If VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY
+is selected the stream comes from the application through the <emphasis role="tt">write()</emphasis> system
+call.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-play-state-t">
+<title>video_play_state_t</title>
+<para>The following values can be returned by the VIDEO_GET_STATUS call representing the
+state of video playback.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_STOPPED, /&#x22C6; Video is stopped &#x22C6;/
+ VIDEO_PLAYING, /&#x22C6; Video is currently playing &#x22C6;/
+ VIDEO_FREEZED /&#x22C6; Video is freezed &#x22C6;/
+} video_play_state_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-command">
+<title>struct video_command</title>
+<para>The structure must be zeroed before use by the application
+This ensures it can be extended safely in the future.</para>
+<programlisting>
+struct video_command {
+ __u32 cmd;
+ __u32 flags;
+ union {
+ struct {
+ __u64 pts;
+ } stop;
+
+ struct {
+ /&#x22C6; 0 or 1000 specifies normal speed,
+ 1 specifies forward single stepping,
+ -1 specifies backward single stepping,
+ &gt;>1: playback at speed/1000 of the normal speed,
+ &lt;-1: reverse playback at (-speed/1000) of the normal speed. &#x22C6;/
+ __s32 speed;
+ __u32 format;
+ } play;
+
+ struct {
+ __u32 data[16];
+ } raw;
+ };
+};
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-size-t">
+<title>video_size_t</title>
+<programlisting>
+typedef struct {
+ int w;
+ int h;
+ video_format_t aspect_ratio;
+} video_size_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="video-event">
+<title>struct video_event</title>
+<para>The following is the structure of a video event as it is returned by the VIDEO_GET_EVENT
+call.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+struct video_event {
+ __s32 type;
+#define VIDEO_EVENT_SIZE_CHANGED 1
+#define VIDEO_EVENT_FRAME_RATE_CHANGED 2
+#define VIDEO_EVENT_DECODER_STOPPED 3
+#define VIDEO_EVENT_VSYNC 4
+ __kernel_time_t timestamp;
+ union {
+ video_size_t size;
+ unsigned int frame_rate; /&#x22C6; in frames per 1000sec &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned char vsync_field; /&#x22C6; unknown/odd/even/progressive &#x22C6;/
+ } u;
+};
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-status">
+<title>struct video_status</title>
+<para>The VIDEO_GET_STATUS call returns the following structure informing about various
+states of the playback operation.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+struct video_status {
+ int video_blank; /&#x22C6; blank video on freeze? &#x22C6;/
+ video_play_state_t play_state; /&#x22C6; current state of playback &#x22C6;/
+ video_stream_source_t stream_source; /&#x22C6; current source (demux/memory) &#x22C6;/
+ video_format_t video_format; /&#x22C6; current aspect ratio of stream &#x22C6;/
+ video_displayformat_t display_format;/&#x22C6; selected cropping mode &#x22C6;/
+};
+</programlisting>
+<para>If video_blank is set video will be blanked out if the channel is changed or if playback is
+stopped. Otherwise, the last picture will be displayed. play_state indicates if the video is
+currently frozen, stopped, or being played back. The stream_source corresponds to the seleted
+source for the video stream. It can come either from the demultiplexer or from memory.
+The video_format indicates the aspect ratio (one of 4:3 or 16:9) of the currently
+played video stream. Finally, display_format corresponds to the selected cropping
+mode in case the source video format is not the same as the format of the output
+device.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-still-picture">
+<title>struct video_still_picture</title>
+<para>An I-frame displayed via the VIDEO_STILLPICTURE call is passed on within the
+following structure.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+/&#x22C6; pointer to and size of a single iframe in memory &#x22C6;/
+struct video_still_picture {
+ char &#x22C6;iFrame; /&#x22C6; pointer to a single iframe in memory &#x22C6;/
+ int32_t size;
+};
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_caps">
+<title>video capabilities</title>
+<para>A call to VIDEO_GET_CAPABILITIES returns an unsigned integer with the following
+bits set according to the hardwares capabilities.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6; bit definitions for capabilities: &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; can the hardware decode MPEG1 and/or MPEG2? &#x22C6;/
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_MPEG1 1
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_MPEG2 2
+ /&#x22C6; can you send a system and/or program stream to video device?
+ (you still have to open the video and the audio device but only
+ send the stream to the video device) &#x22C6;/
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_SYS 4
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_PROG 8
+ /&#x22C6; can the driver also handle SPU, NAVI and CSS encoded data?
+ (CSS API is not present yet) &#x22C6;/
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_SPU 16
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_NAVI 32
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_CSS 64
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-system">
+<title>video_system_t</title>
+<para>A call to VIDEO_SET_SYSTEM sets the desired video system for TV output. The
+following system types can be set:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PAL,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_NTSC,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALN,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALNc,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALM,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_NTSC60,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PAL60,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALM60
+} video_system_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video-highlight">
+<title>struct video_highlight</title>
+<para>Calling the ioctl VIDEO_SET_HIGHLIGHTS posts the SPU highlight information. The
+call expects the following format for that information:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_highlight {
+ boolean active; /&#x22C6; 1=show highlight, 0=hide highlight &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t contrast1; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Pattern pixel contrast &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Background pixel contrast &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t contrast2; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Emphasis pixel-2 contrast &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Emphasis pixel-1 contrast &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t color1; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Pattern pixel color &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Background pixel color &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t color2; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Emphasis pixel-2 color &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Emphasis pixel-1 color &#x22C6;/
+ uint32_t ypos; /&#x22C6; 23-22 auto action mode &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 21-12 start y &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 9- 0 end y &#x22C6;/
+ uint32_t xpos; /&#x22C6; 23-22 button color number &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 21-12 start x &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 9- 0 end x &#x22C6;/
+ } video_highlight_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video-spu">
+<title>struct video_spu</title>
+<para>Calling VIDEO_SET_SPU deactivates or activates SPU decoding, according to the
+following format:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_spu {
+ boolean active;
+ int stream_id;
+ } video_spu_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video-spu-palette">
+<title>struct video_spu_palette</title>
+<para>The following structure is used to set the SPU palette by calling VIDEO_SPU_PALETTE:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_spu_palette {
+ int length;
+ uint8_t &#x22C6;palette;
+ } video_spu_palette_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video-navi-pack">
+<title>struct video_navi_pack</title>
+<para>In order to get the navigational data the following structure has to be passed to the ioctl
+VIDEO_GET_NAVI:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_navi_pack {
+ int length; /&#x22C6; 0 ... 1024 &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t data[1024];
+ } video_navi_pack_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="video-attributes-t">
+<title>video_attributes_t</title>
+<para>The following attributes can be set by a call to VIDEO_SET_ATTRIBUTES:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef uint16_t video_attributes_t;
+ /&#x22C6; bits: descr. &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 15-14 Video compression mode (0=MPEG-1, 1=MPEG-2) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 13-12 TV system (0=525/60, 1=625/50) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 11-10 Aspect ratio (0=4:3, 3=16:9) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 9- 8 permitted display mode on 4:3 monitor (0=both, 1=only pan-sca &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 7 line 21-1 data present in GOP (1=yes, 0=no) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 6 line 21-2 data present in GOP (1=yes, 0=no) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 5- 3 source resolution (0=720x480/576, 1=704x480/576, 2=352x480/57 &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 2 source letterboxed (1=yes, 0=no) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 0 film/camera mode (0=camera, 1=film (625/50 only)) &#x22C6;/
+</programlisting>
+</section></section>
+
+
+<section id="video_function_calls">
+<title>Video Function Calls</title>
+
+
+<section id="video_fopen">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call opens a named video device (e.g. /dev/dvb/adapter0/video0)
+ for subsequent use.</para>
+<para>When an open() call has succeeded, the device will be ready for use.
+ The significance of blocking or non-blocking mode is described in the
+ documentation for functions where there is a difference. It does not affect the
+ semantics of the open() call itself. A device opened in blocking mode can later
+ be put into non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command
+ of the fcntl system call. This is a standard system call, documented in the Linux
+ manual page for fcntl. Only one user can open the Video Device in O_RDWR
+ mode. All other attempts to open the device in this mode will fail, and an
+ error-code will be returned. If the Video Device is opened in O_RDONLY
+ mode, the only ioctl call that can be used is VIDEO_GET_STATUS. All other
+ call will return an error code.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of specific video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDONLY read-only access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video_fclose">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call closes a previously opened video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video_fwrite">
+<title>write()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call can only be used if VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected
+ in the ioctl call VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE. The data provided shall be in
+ PES format, unless the capability allows other formats. If O_NONBLOCK is
+ not specified the function will block until buffer space is available. The amount
+ of data to be transferred is implied by count.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t write(int fd, const void &#x22C6;buf, size_t count);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>void *buf</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the buffer containing the PES data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t count</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of buf.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURN VALUE</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Mode VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY not selected.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOMEM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Attempted to write more data than the internal buffer can
+ hold.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_STOP"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_STOP</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is for DVB devices only. To control a V4L2 decoder use the V4L2
+&VIDIOC-DECODER-CMD; instead.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to stop playing the current stream.
+ Depending on the input parameter, the screen can be blanked out or displaying
+ the last decoded frame.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_STOP, boolean
+ mode);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_STOP for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Boolean mode</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates how the screen shall be handled.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>TRUE: Blank screen when stop.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>FALSE: Show last decoded frame.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_PLAY"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_PLAY</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is for DVB devices only. To control a V4L2 decoder use the V4L2
+&VIDIOC-DECODER-CMD; instead.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to start playing a video stream from the
+ selected source.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_PLAY);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_PLAY for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_FREEZE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_FREEZE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is for DVB devices only. To control a V4L2 decoder use the V4L2
+&VIDIOC-DECODER-CMD; instead.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call suspends the live video stream being played. Decoding
+ and playing are frozen. It is then possible to restart the decoding
+ and playing process of the video stream using the VIDEO_CONTINUE
+ command. If VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected in the ioctl call
+ VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE, the DVB subsystem will not decode any more
+ data until the ioctl call VIDEO_CONTINUE or VIDEO_PLAY is performed.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_FREEZE);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_FREEZE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_CONTINUE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_CONTINUE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is for DVB devices only. To control a V4L2 decoder use the V4L2
+&VIDIOC-DECODER-CMD; instead.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call restarts decoding and playing processes of the video stream
+ which was played before a call to VIDEO_FREEZE was made.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_CONTINUE);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_CONTINUE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is for DVB devices only. This ioctl was also supported by the
+V4L2 ivtv driver, but that has been replaced by the ivtv-specific
+<constant>IVTV_IOC_PASSTHROUGH_MODE</constant> ioctl.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call informs the video device which source shall be used for the input
+ data. The possible sources are demux or memory. If memory is selected, the
+ data is fed to the video device through the write command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE,
+ video_stream_source_t source);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_stream_source_t
+ source</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates which source shall be used for the Video stream.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_BLANK"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_BLANK</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to blank out the picture.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_BLANK, boolean
+ mode);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_BLANK for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>boolean mode</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>TRUE: Blank screen when stop.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>FALSE: Show last decoded frame.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_STATUS"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_STATUS</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to return the current status of the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_GET_STATUS, struct
+ video_status &#x22C6;status);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_STATUS for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct video_status
+ *status</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Returns the current status of the Video Device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_FRAME_COUNT"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_FRAME_COUNT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is obsolete. Do not use in new drivers. For V4L2 decoders this
+ioctl has been replaced by the <constant>V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_DEC_FRAME</constant> control.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to return the number of displayed frames
+since the decoder was started.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ VIDEO_GET_FRAME_COUNT, __u64 *pts);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_FRAME_COUNT for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u64 *pts
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Returns the number of frames displayed since the decoder was started.
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_PTS"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_PTS</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is obsolete. Do not use in new drivers. For V4L2 decoders this
+ioctl has been replaced by the <constant>V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_DEC_PTS</constant> control.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to return the current PTS timestamp.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ VIDEO_GET_PTS, __u64 *pts);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_PTS for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u64 *pts
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Returns the 33-bit timestamp as defined in ITU T-REC-H.222.0 / ISO/IEC 13818-1.
+</para>
+<para>
+The PTS should belong to the currently played
+frame if possible, but may also be a value close to it
+like the PTS of the last decoded frame or the last PTS
+extracted by the PES parser.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_FRAME_RATE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_FRAME_RATE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to return the current framerate.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ VIDEO_GET_FRAME_RATE, unsigned int *rate);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_FRAME_RATE for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>unsigned int *rate
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Returns the framerate in number of frames per 1000 seconds.
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_EVENT"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_EVENT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is for DVB devices only. To get events from a V4L2 decoder use the V4L2
+&VIDIOC-DQEVENT; ioctl instead.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns an event of type video_event if available. If an event is
+ not available, the behavior depends on whether the device is in blocking or
+ non-blocking mode. In the latter case, the call fails immediately with errno
+ set to EWOULDBLOCK. In the former case, the call blocks until an event
+ becomes available. The standard Linux poll() and/or select() system calls can
+ be used with the device file descriptor to watch for new events. For select(),
+ the file descriptor should be included in the exceptfds argument, and for
+ poll(), POLLPRI should be specified as the wake-up condition. Read-only
+ permissions are sufficient for this ioctl call.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_GET_EVENT, struct
+ video_event &#x22C6;ev);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_EVENT for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct video_event
+ *ev</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to the location where the event, if any, is to be
+ stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EWOULDBLOCK</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>There is no event pending, and the device is in
+ non-blocking mode.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EOVERFLOW</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Overflow in event queue - one or more events were lost.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_COMMAND"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_COMMAND</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is obsolete. Do not use in new drivers. For V4L2 decoders this
+ioctl has been replaced by the &VIDIOC-DECODER-CMD; ioctl.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl commands the decoder. The <constant>video_command</constant> struct
+is a subset of the <constant>v4l2_decoder_cmd</constant> struct, so refer to the
+&VIDIOC-DECODER-CMD; documentation for more information.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ VIDEO_COMMAND, struct video_command *cmd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_COMMAND for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct video_command *cmd
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Commands the decoder.
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_TRY_COMMAND"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_TRY_COMMAND</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<para>This ioctl is obsolete. Do not use in new drivers. For V4L2 decoders this
+ioctl has been replaced by the &VIDIOC-TRY-DECODER-CMD; ioctl.</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl tries a decoder command. The <constant>video_command</constant> struct
+is a subset of the <constant>v4l2_decoder_cmd</constant> struct, so refer to the
+&VIDIOC-TRY-DECODER-CMD; documentation for more information.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ VIDEO_TRY_COMMAND, struct video_command *cmd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_TRY_COMMAND for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct video_command *cmd
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Try a decoder command.
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_SIZE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_SIZE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl returns the size and aspect ratio.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ VIDEO_GET_SIZE, video_size_t *size);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_SIZE for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_size_t *size
+</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Returns the size and aspect ratio.
+</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_FORMAT"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_FORMAT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to select the video format to be applied
+ by the MPEG chip on the video.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request =
+ VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_FORMAT, video_display_format_t
+ format);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_FORMAT for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_display_format_t
+ format</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Selects the video format to be used.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_STILLPICTURE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_STILLPICTURE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to display a still picture (I-frame). The
+ input data shall contain an I-frame. If the pointer is NULL, then the current
+ displayed still picture is blanked.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_STILLPICTURE,
+ struct video_still_picture &#x22C6;sp);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_STILLPICTURE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ video_still_picture
+ *sp</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to a location where an I-frame and size is stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_FAST_FORWARD"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_FAST_FORWARD</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Video Device to skip decoding of N number of I-frames.
+ This call can only be used if VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_FAST_FORWARD, int
+ nFrames);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_FAST_FORWARD for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int nFrames</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The number of frames to skip.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Mode VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY not selected.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SLOWMOTION"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SLOWMOTION</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the video device to repeat decoding frames N number of
+ times. This call can only be used if VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SLOWMOTION, int
+ nFrames);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SLOWMOTION for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int nFrames</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The number of times to repeat each frame.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Mode VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY not selected.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_CAPABILITIES"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_CAPABILITIES</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the video device about its decoding capabilities. On success
+ it returns and integer which has bits set according to the defines in section ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_GET_CAPABILITIES,
+ unsigned int &#x22C6;cap);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_CAPABILITIES for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>unsigned int *cap</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to a location where to store the capability
+ information.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_ID"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_ID</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl selects which sub-stream is to be decoded if a program or system
+ stream is sent to the video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_ID, int
+ id);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_ID for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int id</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video sub-stream id</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid sub-stream id.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_CLEAR_BUFFER"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_CLEAR_BUFFER</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call clears all video buffers in the driver and in the decoder hardware.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_CLEAR_BUFFER);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_CLEAR_BUFFER for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_STREAMTYPE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_STREAMTYPE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl tells the driver which kind of stream to expect being written to it. If
+ this call is not used the default of video PES is used. Some drivers might not
+ support this call and always expect PES.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_STREAMTYPE,
+ int type);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_STREAMTYPE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int type</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>stream type</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_FORMAT"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_FORMAT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl sets the screen format (aspect ratio) of the connected output device
+ (TV) so that the output of the decoder can be adjusted accordingly.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_FORMAT,
+ video_format_t format);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_FORMAT for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_format_t
+ format</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video format of TV as defined in section ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>format is not a valid video format.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_SYSTEM"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_SYSTEM</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl sets the television output format. The format (see section ??) may
+ vary from the color format of the displayed MPEG stream. If the hardware is
+ not able to display the requested format the call will return an error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_SYSTEM ,
+ video_system_t system);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_FORMAT for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_system_t
+ system</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video system of TV output.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>system is not a valid or supported video system.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_HIGHLIGHT"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_HIGHLIGHT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl sets the SPU highlight information for the menu access of a DVD.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_HIGHLIGHT
+ ,video_highlight_t &#x22C6;vhilite)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_HIGHLIGHT for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_highlight_t
+ *vhilite</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>SPU Highlight information according to section ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_SPU"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_SPU</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl activates or deactivates SPU decoding in a DVD input stream. It can
+ only be used, if the driver is able to handle a DVD stream.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_SPU ,
+ video_spu_t &#x22C6;spu)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_SPU for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_spu_t *spu</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>SPU decoding (de)activation and subid setting according
+ to section ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>input is not a valid spu setting or driver cannot handle
+ SPU.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_SPU_PALETTE"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_SPU_PALETTE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl sets the SPU color palette.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_SPU_PALETTE
+ ,video_spu_palette_t &#x22C6;palette )</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_SPU_PALETTE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_spu_palette_t
+ *palette</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>SPU palette according to section ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>input is not a valid palette or driver doesn&#8217;t handle SPU.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_GET_NAVI"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_GET_NAVI</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl returns navigational information from the DVD stream. This is
+ especially needed if an encoded stream has to be decoded by the hardware.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_GET_NAVI ,
+ video_navi_pack_t &#x22C6;navipack)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_GET_NAVI for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_navi_pack_t
+ *navipack</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>PCI or DSI pack (private stream 2) according to section
+ ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>driver is not able to return navigational information</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section id="VIDEO_SET_ATTRIBUTES"
+role="subsection"><title>VIDEO_SET_ATTRIBUTES</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is intended for DVD playback and allows you to set certain
+ information about the stream. Some hardware may not need this information,
+ but the call also tells the hardware to prepare for DVD playback.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(fd, int request = VIDEO_SET_ATTRIBUTE
+ ,video_attributes_t vattr)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals VIDEO_SET_ATTRIBUTE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video_attributes_t
+ vattr</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>video attributes according to section ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+&return-value-dvb;
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>input is not a valid attribute setting.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section></section>