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path: root/hw/sd/pxa2xx_mmci.c
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/*
 * Intel XScale PXA255/270 MultiMediaCard/SD/SDIO Controller emulation.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Openedhand Ltd.
 * Written by Andrzej Zaborowski <balrog@zabor.org>
 *
 * This code is licensed under the GPLv2.
 *
 * Contributions after 2012-01-13 are licensed under the terms of the
 * GNU GPL, version 2 or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include "hw/hw.h"
#include "hw/sysbus.h"
#include "hw/arm/pxa.h"
#include "hw/sd/sd.h"
#include "hw/qdev.h"
#include "hw/qdev-properties.h"
#include "qemu/error-report.h"

#define TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI "pxa2xx-mmci"
#define PXA2XX_MMCI(obj) OBJECT_CHECK(PXA2xxMMCIState, (obj), TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI)

#define TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI_BUS "pxa2xx-mmci-bus"
#define PXA2XX_MMCI_BUS(obj) OBJECT_CHECK(SDBus, (obj), TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI_BUS)

typedef struct PXA2xxMMCIState {
    SysBusDevice parent_obj;

    MemoryRegion iomem;
    qemu_irq irq;
    qemu_irq rx_dma;
    qemu_irq tx_dma;
    qemu_irq inserted;
    qemu_irq readonly;

    BlockBackend *blk;
    SDBus sdbus;

    uint32_t status;
    uint32_t clkrt;
    uint32_t spi;
    uint32_t cmdat;
    uint32_t resp_tout;
    uint32_t read_tout;
    int32_t blklen;
    int32_t numblk;
    uint32_t intmask;
    uint32_t intreq;
    int32_t cmd;
    uint32_t arg;

    int32_t active;
    int32_t bytesleft;
    uint8_t tx_fifo[64];
    uint32_t tx_start;
    uint32_t tx_len;
    uint8_t rx_fifo[32];
    uint32_t rx_start;
    uint32_t rx_len;
    uint16_t resp_fifo[9];
    uint32_t resp_len;

    int32_t cmdreq;
} PXA2xxMMCIState;

static bool pxa2xx_mmci_vmstate_validate(void *opaque, int version_id)
{
    PXA2xxMMCIState *s = opaque;

    return s->tx_start < ARRAY_SIZE(s->tx_fifo)
        && s->rx_start < ARRAY_SIZE(s->rx_fifo)
        && s->tx_len <= ARRAY_SIZE(s->tx_fifo)
        && s->rx_len <= ARRAY_SIZE(s->rx_fifo)
        && s->resp_len <= ARRAY_SIZE(s->resp_fifo);
}


static const VMStateDescription vmstate_pxa2xx_mmci = {
    .name = "pxa2xx-mmci",
    .version_id = 2,
    .minimum_version_id = 2,
    .fields = (VMStateField[]) {
        VMSTATE_UINT32(status, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(clkrt, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(spi, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(cmdat, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(resp_tout, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(read_tout, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_INT32(blklen, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_INT32(numblk, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(intmask, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(intreq, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_INT32(cmd, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(arg, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_INT32(cmdreq, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_INT32(active, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_INT32(bytesleft, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(tx_start, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(tx_len, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(rx_start, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(rx_len, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_UINT32(resp_len, PXA2xxMMCIState),
        VMSTATE_VALIDATE("fifo size incorrect", pxa2xx_mmci_vmstate_validate),
        VMSTATE_UINT8_ARRAY(tx_fifo, PXA2xxMMCIState, 64),
        VMSTATE_UINT8_ARRAY(rx_fifo, PXA2xxMMCIState, 32),
        VMSTATE_UINT16_ARRAY(resp_fifo, PXA2xxMMCIState, 9),
        VMSTATE_END_OF_LIST()
    }
};

#define MMC_STRPCL	0x00	/* MMC Clock Start/Stop register */
#define MMC_STAT	0x04	/* MMC Status register */
#define MMC_CLKRT	0x08	/* MMC Clock Rate register */
#define MMC_SPI		0x0c	/* MMC SPI Mode register */
#define MMC_CMDAT	0x10	/* MMC Command/Data register */
#define MMC_RESTO	0x14	/* MMC Response Time-Out register */
#define MMC_RDTO	0x18	/* MMC Read Time-Out register */
#define MMC_BLKLEN	0x1c	/* MMC Block Length register */
#define MMC_NUMBLK	0x20	/* MMC Number of Blocks register */
#define MMC_PRTBUF	0x24	/* MMC Buffer Partly Full register */
#define MMC_I_MASK	0x28	/* MMC Interrupt Mask register */
#define MMC_I_REG	0x2c	/* MMC Interrupt Request register */
#define MMC_CMD		0x30	/* MMC Command register */
#define MMC_ARGH	0x34	/* MMC Argument High register */
#define MMC_ARGL	0x38	/* MMC Argument Low register */
#define MMC_RES		0x3c	/* MMC Response FIFO */
#define MMC_RXFIFO	0x40	/* MMC Receive FIFO */
#define MMC_TXFIFO	0x44	/* MMC Transmit FIFO */
#define MMC_RDWAIT	0x48	/* MMC RD_WAIT register */
#define MMC_BLKS_REM	0x4c	/* MMC Blocks Remaining register */

/* Bitfield masks */
#define STRPCL_STOP_CLK	(1 << 0)
#define STRPCL_STRT_CLK	(1 << 1)
#define STAT_TOUT_RES	(1 << 1)
#define STAT_CLK_EN	(1 << 8)
#define STAT_DATA_DONE	(1 << 11)
#define STAT_PRG_DONE	(1 << 12)
#define STAT_END_CMDRES	(1 << 13)
#define SPI_SPI_MODE	(1 << 0)
#define CMDAT_RES_TYPE	(3 << 0)
#define CMDAT_DATA_EN	(1 << 2)
#define CMDAT_WR_RD	(1 << 3)
#define CMDAT_DMA_EN	(1 << 7)
#define CMDAT_STOP_TRAN	(1 << 10)
#define INT_DATA_DONE	(1 << 0)
#define INT_PRG_DONE	(1 << 1)
#define INT_END_CMD	(1 << 2)
#define INT_STOP_CMD	(1 << 3)
#define INT_CLK_OFF	(1 << 4)
#define INT_RXFIFO_REQ	(1 << 5)
#define INT_TXFIFO_REQ	(1 << 6)
#define INT_TINT	(1 << 7)
#define INT_DAT_ERR	(1 << 8)
#define INT_RES_ERR	(1 << 9)
#define INT_RD_STALLED	(1 << 10)
#define INT_SDIO_INT	(1 << 11)
#define INT_SDIO_SACK	(1 << 12)
#define PRTBUF_PRT_BUF	(1 << 0)

/* Route internal interrupt lines to the global IC and DMA */
static void pxa2xx_mmci_int_update(PXA2xxMMCIState *s)
{
    uint32_t mask = s->intmask;
    if (s->cmdat & CMDAT_DMA_EN) {
        mask |= INT_RXFIFO_REQ | INT_TXFIFO_REQ;

        qemu_set_irq(s->rx_dma, !!(s->intreq & INT_RXFIFO_REQ));
        qemu_set_irq(s->tx_dma, !!(s->intreq & INT_TXFIFO_REQ));
    }

    qemu_set_irq(s->irq, !!(s->intreq & ~mask));
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_fifo_update(PXA2xxMMCIState *s)
{
    if (!s->active)
        return;

    if (s->cmdat & CMDAT_WR_RD) {
        while (s->bytesleft && s->tx_len) {
            sdbus_write_data(&s->sdbus, s->tx_fifo[s->tx_start++]);
            s->tx_start &= 0x1f;
            s->tx_len --;
            s->bytesleft --;
        }
        if (s->bytesleft)
            s->intreq |= INT_TXFIFO_REQ;
    } else
        while (s->bytesleft && s->rx_len < 32) {
            s->rx_fifo[(s->rx_start + (s->rx_len ++)) & 0x1f] =
                sdbus_read_data(&s->sdbus);
            s->bytesleft --;
            s->intreq |= INT_RXFIFO_REQ;
        }

    if (!s->bytesleft) {
        s->active = 0;
        s->intreq |= INT_DATA_DONE;
        s->status |= STAT_DATA_DONE;

        if (s->cmdat & CMDAT_WR_RD) {
            s->intreq |= INT_PRG_DONE;
            s->status |= STAT_PRG_DONE;
        }
    }

    pxa2xx_mmci_int_update(s);
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_wakequeues(PXA2xxMMCIState *s)
{
    int rsplen, i;
    SDRequest request;
    uint8_t response[16];

    s->active = 1;
    s->rx_len = 0;
    s->tx_len = 0;
    s->cmdreq = 0;

    request.cmd = s->cmd;
    request.arg = s->arg;
    request.crc = 0;	/* FIXME */

    rsplen = sdbus_do_command(&s->sdbus, &request, response);
    s->intreq |= INT_END_CMD;

    memset(s->resp_fifo, 0, sizeof(s->resp_fifo));
    switch (s->cmdat & CMDAT_RES_TYPE) {
#define PXAMMCI_RESP(wd, value0, value1)	\
        s->resp_fifo[(wd) + 0] |= (value0);	\
        s->resp_fifo[(wd) + 1] |= (value1) << 8;
    case 0:	/* No response */
        goto complete;

    case 1:	/* R1, R4, R5 or R6 */
        if (rsplen < 4)
            goto timeout;
        goto complete;

    case 2:	/* R2 */
        if (rsplen < 16)
            goto timeout;
        goto complete;

    case 3:	/* R3 */
        if (rsplen < 4)
            goto timeout;
        goto complete;

    complete:
        for (i = 0; rsplen > 0; i ++, rsplen -= 2) {
            PXAMMCI_RESP(i, response[i * 2], response[i * 2 + 1]);
        }
        s->status |= STAT_END_CMDRES;

        if (!(s->cmdat & CMDAT_DATA_EN))
            s->active = 0;
        else
            s->bytesleft = s->numblk * s->blklen;

        s->resp_len = 0;
        break;

    timeout:
        s->active = 0;
        s->status |= STAT_TOUT_RES;
        break;
    }

    pxa2xx_mmci_fifo_update(s);
}

static uint64_t pxa2xx_mmci_read(void *opaque, hwaddr offset, unsigned size)
{
    PXA2xxMMCIState *s = (PXA2xxMMCIState *) opaque;
    uint32_t ret;

    switch (offset) {
    case MMC_STRPCL:
        return 0;
    case MMC_STAT:
        return s->status;
    case MMC_CLKRT:
        return s->clkrt;
    case MMC_SPI:
        return s->spi;
    case MMC_CMDAT:
        return s->cmdat;
    case MMC_RESTO:
        return s->resp_tout;
    case MMC_RDTO:
        return s->read_tout;
    case MMC_BLKLEN:
        return s->blklen;
    case MMC_NUMBLK:
        return s->numblk;
    case MMC_PRTBUF:
        return 0;
    case MMC_I_MASK:
        return s->intmask;
    case MMC_I_REG:
        return s->intreq;
    case MMC_CMD:
        return s->cmd | 0x40;
    case MMC_ARGH:
        return s->arg >> 16;
    case MMC_ARGL:
        return s->arg & 0xffff;
    case MMC_RES:
        if (s->resp_len < 9)
            return s->resp_fifo[s->resp_len ++];
        return 0;
    case MMC_RXFIFO:
        ret = 0;
        while (size-- && s->rx_len) {
            ret |= s->rx_fifo[s->rx_start++] << (size << 3);
            s->rx_start &= 0x1f;
            s->rx_len --;
        }
        s->intreq &= ~INT_RXFIFO_REQ;
        pxa2xx_mmci_fifo_update(s);
        return ret;
    case MMC_RDWAIT:
        return 0;
    case MMC_BLKS_REM:
        return s->numblk;
    default:
        hw_error("%s: Bad offset " REG_FMT "\n", __FUNCTION__, offset);
    }

    return 0;
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_write(void *opaque,
                              hwaddr offset, uint64_t value, unsigned size)
{
    PXA2xxMMCIState *s = (PXA2xxMMCIState *) opaque;

    switch (offset) {
    case MMC_STRPCL:
        if (value & STRPCL_STRT_CLK) {
            s->status |= STAT_CLK_EN;
            s->intreq &= ~INT_CLK_OFF;

            if (s->cmdreq && !(s->cmdat & CMDAT_STOP_TRAN)) {
                s->status &= STAT_CLK_EN;
                pxa2xx_mmci_wakequeues(s);
            }
        }

        if (value & STRPCL_STOP_CLK) {
            s->status &= ~STAT_CLK_EN;
            s->intreq |= INT_CLK_OFF;
            s->active = 0;
        }

        pxa2xx_mmci_int_update(s);
        break;

    case MMC_CLKRT:
        s->clkrt = value & 7;
        break;

    case MMC_SPI:
        s->spi = value & 0xf;
        if (value & SPI_SPI_MODE)
            printf("%s: attempted to use card in SPI mode\n", __FUNCTION__);
        break;

    case MMC_CMDAT:
        s->cmdat = value & 0x3dff;
        s->active = 0;
        s->cmdreq = 1;
        if (!(value & CMDAT_STOP_TRAN)) {
            s->status &= STAT_CLK_EN;

            if (s->status & STAT_CLK_EN)
                pxa2xx_mmci_wakequeues(s);
        }

        pxa2xx_mmci_int_update(s);
        break;

    case MMC_RESTO:
        s->resp_tout = value & 0x7f;
        break;

    case MMC_RDTO:
        s->read_tout = value & 0xffff;
        break;

    case MMC_BLKLEN:
        s->blklen = value & 0xfff;
        break;

    case MMC_NUMBLK:
        s->numblk = value & 0xffff;
        break;

    case MMC_PRTBUF:
        if (value & PRTBUF_PRT_BUF) {
            s->tx_start ^= 32;
            s->tx_len = 0;
        }
        pxa2xx_mmci_fifo_update(s);
        break;

    case MMC_I_MASK:
        s->intmask = value & 0x1fff;
        pxa2xx_mmci_int_update(s);
        break;

    case MMC_CMD:
        s->cmd = value & 0x3f;
        break;

    case MMC_ARGH:
        s->arg &= 0x0000ffff;
        s->arg |= value << 16;
        break;

    case MMC_ARGL:
        s->arg &= 0xffff0000;
        s->arg |= value & 0x0000ffff;
        break;

    case MMC_TXFIFO:
        while (size-- && s->tx_len < 0x20)
            s->tx_fifo[(s->tx_start + (s->tx_len ++)) & 0x1f] =
                    (value >> (size << 3)) & 0xff;
        s->intreq &= ~INT_TXFIFO_REQ;
        pxa2xx_mmci_fifo_update(s);
        break;

    case MMC_RDWAIT:
    case MMC_BLKS_REM:
        break;

    default:
        hw_error("%s: Bad offset " REG_FMT "\n", __FUNCTION__, offset);
    }
}

static const MemoryRegionOps pxa2xx_mmci_ops = {
    .read = pxa2xx_mmci_read,
    .write = pxa2xx_mmci_write,
    .endianness = DEVICE_NATIVE_ENDIAN,
};

PXA2xxMMCIState *pxa2xx_mmci_init(MemoryRegion *sysmem,
                hwaddr base,
                BlockBackend *blk, qemu_irq irq,
                qemu_irq rx_dma, qemu_irq tx_dma)
{
    DeviceState *dev, *carddev;
    SysBusDevice *sbd;
    PXA2xxMMCIState *s;
    Error *err = NULL;

    dev = qdev_create(NULL, TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI);
    s = PXA2XX_MMCI(dev);
    sbd = SYS_BUS_DEVICE(dev);
    sysbus_mmio_map(sbd, 0, base);
    sysbus_connect_irq(sbd, 0, irq);
    qdev_connect_gpio_out_named(dev, "rx-dma", 0, rx_dma);
    qdev_connect_gpio_out_named(dev, "tx-dma", 0, tx_dma);

    /* Create and plug in the sd card */
    carddev = qdev_create(qdev_get_child_bus(dev, "sd-bus"), TYPE_SD_CARD);
    qdev_prop_set_drive(carddev, "drive", blk, &err);
    if (err) {
        error_report("failed to init SD card: %s", error_get_pretty(err));
        return NULL;
    }
    object_property_set_bool(OBJECT(carddev), true, "realized", &err);
    if (err) {
        error_report("failed to init SD card: %s", error_get_pretty(err));
        return NULL;
    }

    return s;
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_set_inserted(DeviceState *dev, bool inserted)
{
    PXA2xxMMCIState *s = PXA2XX_MMCI(dev);

    qemu_set_irq(s->inserted, inserted);
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_set_readonly(DeviceState *dev, bool readonly)
{
    PXA2xxMMCIState *s = PXA2XX_MMCI(dev);

    qemu_set_irq(s->readonly, readonly);
}

void pxa2xx_mmci_handlers(PXA2xxMMCIState *s, qemu_irq readonly,
                          qemu_irq coverswitch)
{
    DeviceState *dev = DEVICE(s);

    s->readonly = readonly;
    s->inserted = coverswitch;

    pxa2xx_mmci_set_inserted(dev, sdbus_get_inserted(&s->sdbus));
    pxa2xx_mmci_set_readonly(dev, sdbus_get_readonly(&s->sdbus));
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_instance_init(Object *obj)
{
    PXA2xxMMCIState *s = PXA2XX_MMCI(obj);
    SysBusDevice *sbd = SYS_BUS_DEVICE(obj);
    DeviceState *dev = DEVICE(obj);

    memory_region_init_io(&s->iomem, obj, &pxa2xx_mmci_ops, s,
                          "pxa2xx-mmci", 0x00100000);
    sysbus_init_mmio(sbd, &s->iomem);
    sysbus_init_irq(sbd, &s->irq);
    qdev_init_gpio_out_named(dev, &s->rx_dma, "rx-dma", 1);
    qdev_init_gpio_out_named(dev, &s->tx_dma, "tx-dma", 1);

    qbus_create_inplace(&s->sdbus, sizeof(s->sdbus),
                        TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI_BUS, DEVICE(obj), "sd-bus");
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
{
    DeviceClass *dc = DEVICE_CLASS(klass);

    dc->vmsd = &vmstate_pxa2xx_mmci;
}

static void pxa2xx_mmci_bus_class_init(ObjectClass *klass, void *data)
{
    SDBusClass *sbc = SD_BUS_CLASS(klass);

    sbc->set_inserted = pxa2xx_mmci_set_inserted;
    sbc->set_readonly = pxa2xx_mmci_set_readonly;
}

static const TypeInfo pxa2xx_mmci_info = {
    .name = TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI,
    .parent = TYPE_SYS_BUS_DEVICE,
    .instance_size = sizeof(PXA2xxMMCIState),
    .instance_init = pxa2xx_mmci_instance_init,
    .class_init = pxa2xx_mmci_class_init,
};

static const TypeInfo pxa2xx_mmci_bus_info = {
    .name = TYPE_PXA2XX_MMCI_BUS,
    .parent = TYPE_SD_BUS,
    .instance_size = sizeof(SDBus),
    .class_init = pxa2xx_mmci_bus_class_init,
};

static void pxa2xx_mmci_register_types(void)
{
    type_register_static(&pxa2xx_mmci_info);
    type_register_static(&pxa2xx_mmci_bus_info);
}

type_init(pxa2xx_mmci_register_types)