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authorGreg Hackmann <ghackmann@google.com>2013-11-13 15:07:32 -0800
committerDavid 'Digit' Turner <digit@google.com>2014-05-26 10:30:04 +0200
commitf4892d440bd750a4468dcec0e65caa2105c97a93 (patch)
tree0ca08a0a0d16be6aecb33a22efc80912e78638fb
parentbf6cccb0062609fae3137d95dd0b0bbbda866303 (diff)
downloadqemu-arm-f4892d440bd750a4468dcec0e65caa2105c97a93.tar.gz
add WIP lionhead machine
lionhead is an emulator-only platform based on the ARM vexpress board. The current differences are: 1. replace ARM LCDC and audio devices with virtual goldfish devices 2. remove MMC controller (better handled by virtio) 3. add goldfish battery device (using I/O space reclaimed from MMC) 4. remove "legacy" motherboard layout
-rw-r--r--hw/arm/Makefile.objs1
-rw-r--r--hw/arm/lionhead.c441
2 files changed, 442 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/hw/arm/Makefile.objs b/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
index 6088e53653..a78bd57334 100644
--- a/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
+++ b/hw/arm/Makefile.objs
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DIGIC) += digic_boards.o
obj-y += integratorcp.o kzm.o mainstone.o musicpal.o nseries.o
obj-y += omap_sx1.o palm.o realview.o spitz.o stellaris.o
obj-y += tosa.o versatilepb.o vexpress.o virt.o xilinx_zynq.o z2.o
+obj-y += lionhead.o
obj-y += armv7m.o exynos4210.o pxa2xx.o pxa2xx_gpio.o pxa2xx_pic.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DIGIC) += digic.o
diff --git a/hw/arm/lionhead.c b/hw/arm/lionhead.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..96bed45027
--- /dev/null
+++ b/hw/arm/lionhead.c
@@ -0,0 +1,441 @@
+/*
+ * ARM Android ("lionhead") emulator
+ *
+ * modified from vexpress.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2010 - 2011 B Labs Ltd.
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Linaro Limited
+ * Written by Bahadir Balban, Amit Mahajan, Peter Maydell
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
+ * with this program; if not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ *
+ * Contributions after 2012-01-13 are licensed under the terms of the
+ * GNU GPL, version 2 or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#include "hw/sysbus.h"
+#include "hw/arm/arm.h"
+#include "hw/arm/primecell.h"
+#include "hw/devices.h"
+#include "sysemu/sysemu.h"
+#include "hw/boards.h"
+#include "exec/address-spaces.h"
+#include "sysemu/blockdev.h"
+#include "hw/block/flash.h"
+#include "sysemu/device_tree.h"
+#include <libfdt.h>
+
+#define LIONHEAD_BOARD_ID 0x5A1
+
+/* Number of virtio transports to create (0..8; limited by
+ * number of available IRQ lines).
+ */
+#define NUM_VIRTIO_TRANSPORTS 4
+
+/* Address maps for peripherals:
+ * the Versatile Express motherboard has two possible maps,
+ * the "legacy" one (used for A9) and the "Cortex-A Series"
+ * map (used for newer cores).
+ * Individual daughterboards can also have different maps for
+ * their peripherals.
+ */
+
+enum {
+ VE_SYSREGS,
+ VE_SP810,
+ VE_SERIALPCI,
+ GOLDFISH_AUDIO,
+ GOLDFISH_BATTERY,
+ VE_KMI0,
+ VE_KMI1,
+ VE_UART0,
+ VE_UART1,
+ VE_UART2,
+ VE_UART3,
+ VE_WDT,
+ VE_TIMER01,
+ VE_TIMER23,
+ VE_RTC,
+ VE_COMPACTFLASH,
+ GOLDFISH_FB,
+ VE_NORFLASH0,
+ VE_NORFLASH1,
+ VE_NORFLASHALIAS,
+ VE_SRAM,
+ VE_ETHERNET,
+ VE_USB,
+ VE_DAPROM,
+ VE_VIRTIO,
+};
+
+static hwaddr motherboard_aseries_map[] = {
+ [VE_NORFLASHALIAS] = 0,
+ /* CS0: 0x08000000 .. 0x0c000000 */
+ [VE_NORFLASH0] = 0x08000000,
+ /* CS4: 0x0c000000 .. 0x10000000 */
+ [VE_NORFLASH1] = 0x0c000000,
+ /* CS5: 0x10000000 .. 0x14000000 */
+ /* CS1: 0x14000000 .. 0x18000000 */
+ [VE_SRAM] = 0x14000000,
+ /* CS2: 0x18000000 .. 0x1c000000 */
+ [VE_ETHERNET] = 0x1a000000,
+ [VE_USB] = 0x1b000000,
+ /* CS3: 0x1c000000 .. 0x20000000 */
+ [VE_DAPROM] = 0x1c000000,
+ [VE_SYSREGS] = 0x1c010000,
+ [VE_SP810] = 0x1c020000,
+ [VE_SERIALPCI] = 0x1c030000,
+ [GOLDFISH_AUDIO] = 0x1c040000,
+ [GOLDFISH_BATTERY] = 0x1c050000,
+ [VE_KMI0] = 0x1c060000,
+ [VE_KMI1] = 0x1c070000,
+ [VE_UART0] = 0x1c090000,
+ [VE_UART1] = 0x1c0a0000,
+ [VE_UART2] = 0x1c0b0000,
+ [VE_UART3] = 0x1c0c0000,
+ [VE_WDT] = 0x1c0f0000,
+ [VE_TIMER01] = 0x1c110000,
+ [VE_TIMER23] = 0x1c120000,
+ [VE_VIRTIO] = 0x1c130000,
+ [VE_RTC] = 0x1c170000,
+ [VE_COMPACTFLASH] = 0x1c1a0000,
+ [GOLDFISH_FB] = 0x1c1f0000,
+};
+
+/* Structure defining the peculiarities of a specific daughterboard */
+
+typedef struct VEDBoardInfo VEDBoardInfo;
+
+typedef void DBoardInitFn(const VEDBoardInfo *daughterboard,
+ ram_addr_t ram_size,
+ const char *cpu_model,
+ qemu_irq *pic);
+
+struct VEDBoardInfo {
+ struct arm_boot_info bootinfo;
+ const hwaddr *motherboard_map;
+ hwaddr loader_start;
+ const hwaddr gic_cpu_if_addr;
+ uint32_t proc_id;
+ uint32_t num_voltage_sensors;
+ const uint32_t *voltages;
+ uint32_t num_clocks;
+ const uint32_t *clocks;
+ DBoardInitFn *init;
+};
+
+static void a15_daughterboard_init(const VEDBoardInfo *daughterboard,
+ ram_addr_t ram_size,
+ const char *cpu_model,
+ qemu_irq *pic)
+{
+ int n;
+ MemoryRegion *sysmem = get_system_memory();
+ MemoryRegion *ram = g_new(MemoryRegion, 1);
+ MemoryRegion *sram = g_new(MemoryRegion, 1);
+ qemu_irq cpu_irq[4];
+ DeviceState *dev;
+ SysBusDevice *busdev;
+
+ if (!cpu_model) {
+ cpu_model = "cortex-a15";
+ }
+
+ for (n = 0; n < smp_cpus; n++) {
+ ARMCPU *cpu;
+
+ cpu = cpu_arm_init(cpu_model);
+ if (!cpu) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unable to find CPU definition\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ cpu_irq[n] = qdev_get_gpio_in(DEVICE(cpu), ARM_CPU_IRQ);
+ }
+
+ {
+ /* We have to use a separate 64 bit variable here to avoid the gcc
+ * "comparison is always false due to limited range of data type"
+ * warning if we are on a host where ram_addr_t is 32 bits.
+ */
+ uint64_t rsz = ram_size;
+ if (rsz > (30ULL * 1024 * 1024 * 1024)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "vexpress-a15: cannot model more than 30GB RAM\n");
+ exit(1);
+ }
+ }
+
+ memory_region_init_ram(ram, NULL, "vexpress.highmem", ram_size);
+ vmstate_register_ram_global(ram);
+ /* RAM is from 0x80000000 upwards; there is no low-memory alias for it. */
+ memory_region_add_subregion(sysmem, 0x80000000, ram);
+
+ /* 0x2c000000 A15MPCore private memory region (GIC) */
+ dev = qdev_create(NULL, "a15mpcore_priv");
+ qdev_prop_set_uint32(dev, "num-cpu", smp_cpus);
+ qdev_init_nofail(dev);
+ busdev = SYS_BUS_DEVICE(dev);
+ sysbus_mmio_map(busdev, 0, 0x2c000000);
+ for (n = 0; n < smp_cpus; n++) {
+ sysbus_connect_irq(busdev, n, cpu_irq[n]);
+ }
+ /* Interrupts [42:0] are from the motherboard;
+ * [47:43] are reserved; [63:48] are daughterboard
+ * peripherals. Note that some documentation numbers
+ * external interrupts starting from 32 (because there
+ * are internal interrupts 0..31).
+ */
+ for (n = 0; n < 64; n++) {
+ pic[n] = qdev_get_gpio_in(dev, n);
+ }
+
+ /* A15 daughterboard peripherals: */
+
+ /* 0x20000000: CoreSight interfaces: not modelled */
+ /* 0x2a000000: PL301 AXI interconnect: not modelled */
+ /* 0x2a420000: SCC: not modelled */
+ /* 0x2a430000: system counter: not modelled */
+ /* 0x2b000000: HDLCD controller: not modelled */
+ /* 0x2b060000: SP805 watchdog: not modelled */
+ /* 0x2b0a0000: PL341 dynamic memory controller: not modelled */
+ /* 0x2e000000: system SRAM */
+ memory_region_init_ram(sram, NULL, "vexpress.a15sram", 0x10000);
+ vmstate_register_ram_global(sram);
+ memory_region_add_subregion(sysmem, 0x2e000000, sram);
+
+ /* 0x7ffb0000: DMA330 DMA controller: not modelled */
+ /* 0x7ffd0000: PL354 static memory controller: not modelled */
+}
+
+static const uint32_t a15_voltages[] = {
+ 900000, /* Vcore: 0.9V : CPU core voltage */
+};
+
+static const uint32_t a15_clocks[] = {
+ 60000000, /* OSCCLK0: 60MHz : CPU_CLK reference */
+ 0, /* OSCCLK1: reserved */
+ 0, /* OSCCLK2: reserved */
+ 0, /* OSCCLK3: reserved */
+ 40000000, /* OSCCLK4: 40MHz : external AXI master clock */
+ 23750000, /* OSCCLK5: 23.75MHz : HDLCD PLL reference */
+ 50000000, /* OSCCLK6: 50MHz : static memory controller clock */
+ 60000000, /* OSCCLK7: 60MHz : SYSCLK reference */
+ 40000000, /* OSCCLK8: 40MHz : DDR2 PLL reference */
+};
+
+static VEDBoardInfo a15_daughterboard = {
+ .motherboard_map = motherboard_aseries_map,
+ .loader_start = 0x80000000,
+ .gic_cpu_if_addr = 0x2c002000,
+ .proc_id = 0x14000237,
+ .num_voltage_sensors = ARRAY_SIZE(a15_voltages),
+ .voltages = a15_voltages,
+ .num_clocks = ARRAY_SIZE(a15_clocks),
+ .clocks = a15_clocks,
+ .init = a15_daughterboard_init,
+};
+
+static int add_virtio_mmio_node(void *fdt, uint32_t acells, uint32_t scells,
+ hwaddr addr, hwaddr size, uint32_t intc,
+ int irq)
+{
+ /* Add a virtio_mmio node to the device tree blob:
+ * virtio_mmio@ADDRESS {
+ * compatible = "virtio,mmio";
+ * reg = <ADDRESS, SIZE>;
+ * interrupt-parent = <&intc>;
+ * interrupts = <0, irq, 1>;
+ * }
+ * (Note that the format of the interrupts property is dependent on the
+ * interrupt controller that interrupt-parent points to; these are for
+ * the ARM GIC and indicate an SPI interrupt, rising-edge-triggered.)
+ */
+ int rc;
+ char *nodename = g_strdup_printf("/virtio_mmio@%" PRIx64, addr);
+
+ rc = qemu_fdt_add_subnode(fdt, nodename);
+ rc |= qemu_fdt_setprop_string(fdt, nodename,
+ "compatible", "virtio,mmio");
+ rc |= qemu_fdt_setprop_sized_cells(fdt, nodename, "reg",
+ acells, addr, scells, size);
+ qemu_fdt_setprop_cells(fdt, nodename, "interrupt-parent", intc);
+ qemu_fdt_setprop_cells(fdt, nodename, "interrupts", 0, irq, 1);
+ g_free(nodename);
+ if (rc) {
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static uint32_t find_int_controller(void *fdt)
+{
+ /* Find the FDT node corresponding to the interrupt controller
+ * for virtio-mmio devices. We do this by scanning the fdt for
+ * a node with the right compatibility, since we know there is
+ * only one GIC on a vexpress board.
+ * We return the phandle of the node, or 0 if none was found.
+ */
+ const char *compat = "arm,cortex-a9-gic";
+ int offset;
+
+ offset = fdt_node_offset_by_compatible(fdt, -1, compat);
+ if (offset >= 0) {
+ return fdt_get_phandle(fdt, offset);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void vexpress_modify_dtb(const struct arm_boot_info *info, void *fdt)
+{
+ uint32_t acells, scells, intc;
+ const VEDBoardInfo *daughterboard = (const VEDBoardInfo *)info;
+
+ acells = qemu_fdt_getprop_cell(fdt, "/", "#address-cells");
+ scells = qemu_fdt_getprop_cell(fdt, "/", "#size-cells");
+ intc = find_int_controller(fdt);
+ if (!intc) {
+ /* Not fatal, we just won't provide virtio. This will
+ * happen with older device tree blobs.
+ */
+ fprintf(stderr, "QEMU: warning: couldn't find interrupt controller in "
+ "dtb; will not include virtio-mmio devices in the dtb.\n");
+ } else {
+ int i;
+ const hwaddr *map = daughterboard->motherboard_map;
+
+ /* We iterate backwards here because adding nodes
+ * to the dtb puts them in last-first.
+ */
+ for (i = NUM_VIRTIO_TRANSPORTS - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
+ add_virtio_mmio_node(fdt, acells, scells,
+ map[VE_VIRTIO] + 0x200 * i,
+ 0x200, intc, 40 + i);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void lionhead_common_init(VEDBoardInfo *daughterboard,
+ QEMUMachineInitArgs *args)
+{
+ DeviceState *sysctl;
+ qemu_irq pic[64];
+ uint32_t sys_id;
+ ram_addr_t sram_size;
+ MemoryRegion *sysmem = get_system_memory();
+ MemoryRegion *sram = g_new(MemoryRegion, 1);
+ const hwaddr *map = daughterboard->motherboard_map;
+ int i;
+
+ daughterboard->init(daughterboard, args->ram_size, args->cpu_model, pic);
+
+ /* Motherboard peripherals: the wiring is the same but the
+ * addresses vary between the legacy and A-Series memory maps.
+ */
+
+ sys_id = 0x1190f500;
+
+ sysctl = qdev_create(NULL, "realview_sysctl");
+ qdev_prop_set_uint32(sysctl, "sys_id", sys_id);
+ qdev_prop_set_uint32(sysctl, "proc_id", daughterboard->proc_id);
+ qdev_prop_set_uint32(sysctl, "len-db-voltage",
+ daughterboard->num_voltage_sensors);
+ for (i = 0; i < daughterboard->num_voltage_sensors; i++) {
+ char *propname = g_strdup_printf("db-voltage[%d]", i);
+ qdev_prop_set_uint32(sysctl, propname, daughterboard->voltages[i]);
+ g_free(propname);
+ }
+ qdev_prop_set_uint32(sysctl, "len-db-clock",
+ daughterboard->num_clocks);
+ for (i = 0; i < daughterboard->num_clocks; i++) {
+ char *propname = g_strdup_printf("db-clock[%d]", i);
+ qdev_prop_set_uint32(sysctl, propname, daughterboard->clocks[i]);
+ g_free(propname);
+ }
+ qdev_init_nofail(sysctl);
+ sysbus_mmio_map(SYS_BUS_DEVICE(sysctl), 0, map[VE_SYSREGS]);
+
+ /* VE_SP810: not modelled */
+ /* VE_SERIALPCI: not modelled */
+
+ sysbus_create_simple("goldfish_audio", map[GOLDFISH_AUDIO], pic[11]);
+ sysbus_create_simple("goldfish_battery", map[GOLDFISH_BATTERY], pic[9]);
+
+ sysbus_create_simple("pl050_keyboard", map[VE_KMI0], pic[12]);
+ sysbus_create_simple("pl050_mouse", map[VE_KMI1], pic[13]);
+
+ sysbus_create_simple("pl011", map[VE_UART0], pic[5]);
+ sysbus_create_simple("pl011", map[VE_UART1], pic[6]);
+ sysbus_create_simple("pl011", map[VE_UART2], pic[7]);
+ sysbus_create_simple("pl011", map[VE_UART3], pic[8]);
+
+ sysbus_create_simple("sp804", map[VE_TIMER01], pic[2]);
+ sysbus_create_simple("sp804", map[VE_TIMER23], pic[3]);
+
+ /* VE_SERIALDVI: not modelled */
+
+ sysbus_create_simple("pl031", map[VE_RTC], pic[4]); /* RTC */
+
+ /* VE_COMPACTFLASH: not modelled */
+
+ sysbus_create_simple("goldfish_fb", map[GOLDFISH_FB], pic[14]);
+
+ sram_size = 0x2000000;
+ memory_region_init_ram(sram, NULL, "vexpress.sram", sram_size);
+ vmstate_register_ram_global(sram);
+ memory_region_add_subregion(sysmem, map[VE_SRAM], sram);
+
+ /* VE_USB: not modelled */
+
+ /* VE_DAPROM: not modelled */
+
+ /* Create mmio transports, so the user can create virtio backends
+ * (which will be automatically plugged in to the transports). If
+ * no backend is created the transport will just sit harmlessly idle.
+ */
+ for (i = 0; i < NUM_VIRTIO_TRANSPORTS; i++) {
+ sysbus_create_simple("virtio-mmio", map[VE_VIRTIO] + 0x200 * i,
+ pic[40 + i]);
+ }
+
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.ram_size = args->ram_size;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.kernel_filename = args->kernel_filename;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.kernel_cmdline = args->kernel_cmdline;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.initrd_filename = args->initrd_filename;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.nb_cpus = smp_cpus;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.board_id = LIONHEAD_BOARD_ID;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.loader_start = daughterboard->loader_start;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.smp_loader_start = map[VE_SRAM];
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.smp_bootreg_addr = map[VE_SYSREGS] + 0x30;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.gic_cpu_if_addr = daughterboard->gic_cpu_if_addr;
+ daughterboard->bootinfo.modify_dtb = vexpress_modify_dtb;
+ arm_load_kernel(ARM_CPU(first_cpu), &daughterboard->bootinfo);
+}
+
+static void lionhead_a15_init(QEMUMachineInitArgs *args)
+{
+ lionhead_common_init(&a15_daughterboard, args);
+}
+
+static QEMUMachine lionhead_a15_machine = {
+ .name = "lionhead-a15",
+ .desc = "ARM Android Emulator for Cortex-A15",
+ .init = lionhead_a15_init,
+ .block_default_type = IF_SCSI,
+ .max_cpus = 4,
+};
+
+static void vexpress_machine_init(void)
+{
+ qemu_register_machine(&lionhead_a15_machine);
+}
+
+machine_init(vexpress_machine_init);