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authorMike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>2020-12-10 15:42:21 +1100
committerStephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>2020-12-16 18:03:06 +1100
commit694a3cbbfd6d8c73f8dc7d1da5068d141ccb2ce0 (patch)
treeb14171bdb1b9616e0235280d07ea2f4a2874d598
parentf3b7a0c27526f43892342e934b1fba90bb1b013b (diff)
downloadlinux-694a3cbbfd6d8c73f8dc7d1da5068d141ccb2ce0.tar.gz
mm: introduce memfd_secret system call to create "secret" memory areas
Introduce "memfd_secret" system call with the ability to create memory areas visible only in the context of the owning process and not mapped not only to other processes but in the kernel page tables as well. The user will create a file descriptor using the memfd_secret() system call. The memory areas created by mmap() calls from this file descriptor will be unmapped from the kernel direct map and they will be only mapped in the page table of the owning mm. The secret memory remains accessible in the process context using uaccess primitives, but it is not accessible using direct/linear map addresses. Functions in the follow_page()/get_user_page() family will refuse to return a page that belongs to the secret memory area. A page that was a part of the secret memory area is cleared when it is freed. The following example demonstrates creation of a secret mapping (error handling is omitted): fd = memfd_secret(0); ftruncate(fd, MAP_SIZE); ptr = mmap(NULL, MAP_SIZE, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0); Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20201203062949.5484-6-rppt@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com> Acked-by: Hagen Paul Pfeifer <hagen@jauu.net> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Cc: Christopher Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com> Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Cc: Elena Reshetova <elena.reshetova@intel.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: James Bottomley <jejb@linux.ibm.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@dabbelt.com> Cc: Palmer Dabbelt <palmerdabbelt@google.com> Cc: Paul Walmsley <paul.walmsley@sifive.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Rick Edgecombe <rick.p.edgecombe@intel.com> Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com> Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Tycho Andersen <tycho@tycho.ws> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/secretmem.h24
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/magic.h1
-rw-r--r--kernel/sys_ni.c2
-rw-r--r--mm/Kconfig3
-rw-r--r--mm/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--mm/gup.c10
-rw-r--r--mm/secretmem.c273
8 files changed, 315 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 6ea13f4ad07e..42d84d86f1f4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ config FORCE_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
in order to test the non static function tracing in the
generic code, as other architectures still use it. But we
only need to keep it around for x86_64. No need to keep it
- for x86_32. For x86_32, force DYNAMIC_FTRACE.
+ for x86_32. For x86_32, force DYNAMIC_FTRACE.
#
# Arch settings
#
diff --git a/include/linux/secretmem.h b/include/linux/secretmem.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..70e7db9f94fe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/secretmem.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+#ifndef _LINUX_SECRETMEM_H
+#define _LINUX_SECRETMEM_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECRETMEM
+
+bool vma_is_secretmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma);
+bool page_is_secretmem(struct page *page);
+
+#else
+
+static inline bool vma_is_secretmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static inline bool page_is_secretmem(struct page *page)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_SECRETMEM */
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_SECRETMEM_H */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
index f3956fc11de6..35687dcb1a42 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
@@ -97,5 +97,6 @@
#define DEVMEM_MAGIC 0x454d444d /* "DMEM" */
#define Z3FOLD_MAGIC 0x33
#define PPC_CMM_MAGIC 0xc7571590
+#define SECRETMEM_MAGIC 0x5345434d /* "SECM" */
#endif /* __LINUX_MAGIC_H__ */
diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
index 769ad6225ab1..869aa6b5bf34 100644
--- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
+++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
@@ -355,6 +355,8 @@ COND_SYSCALL(pkey_mprotect);
COND_SYSCALL(pkey_alloc);
COND_SYSCALL(pkey_free);
+/* memfd_secret */
+COND_SYSCALL(memfd_secret);
/*
* Architecture specific weak syscall entries.
diff --git a/mm/Kconfig b/mm/Kconfig
index 4275c25b5d8a..6edd325b1f1d 100644
--- a/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/mm/Kconfig
@@ -875,4 +875,7 @@ config MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS
config KMAP_LOCAL
bool
+config SECRETMEM
+ def_bool ARCH_HAS_SET_DIRECT_MAP && !EMBEDDED
+
endmenu
diff --git a/mm/Makefile b/mm/Makefile
index a1af02ba8f3f..6b581f8337e8 100644
--- a/mm/Makefile
+++ b/mm/Makefile
@@ -121,3 +121,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_MEMFD_CREATE) += memfd.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MAPPING_DIRTY_HELPERS) += mapping_dirty_helpers.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PTDUMP_CORE) += ptdump.o
obj-$(CONFIG_PAGE_REPORTING) += page_reporting.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_SECRETMEM) += secretmem.o
diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 8a26e0b5eb80..4f3cf14ac958 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/secretmem.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
@@ -759,6 +760,9 @@ struct page *follow_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
struct follow_page_context ctx = { NULL };
struct page *page;
+ if (vma_is_secretmem(vma))
+ return NULL;
+
page = follow_page_mask(vma, address, foll_flags, &ctx);
if (ctx.pgmap)
put_dev_pagemap(ctx.pgmap);
@@ -892,6 +896,9 @@ static int check_vma_flags(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long gup_flags)
if ((gup_flags & FOLL_LONGTERM) && vma_is_fsdax(vma))
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
+ if (vma_is_secretmem(vma))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
if (write) {
if (!(vm_flags & VM_WRITE)) {
if (!(gup_flags & FOLL_FORCE))
@@ -2033,6 +2040,9 @@ static int gup_pte_range(pmd_t pmd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
VM_BUG_ON(!pfn_valid(pte_pfn(pte)));
page = pte_page(pte);
+ if (page_is_secretmem(page))
+ goto pte_unmap;
+
head = try_grab_compound_head(page, 1, flags);
if (!head)
goto pte_unmap;
diff --git a/mm/secretmem.c b/mm/secretmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..781aaaca8c70
--- /dev/null
+++ b/mm/secretmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,273 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2020
+ *
+ * Author: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/memfd.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/printk.h>
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/pseudo_fs.h>
+#include <linux/secretmem.h>
+#include <linux/set_memory.h>
+#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
+
+#include <uapi/linux/magic.h>
+
+#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+
+#include "internal.h"
+
+#undef pr_fmt
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "secretmem: " fmt
+
+/*
+ * Define mode and flag masks to allow validation of the system call
+ * parameters.
+ */
+#define SECRETMEM_MODE_MASK (0x0)
+#define SECRETMEM_FLAGS_MASK SECRETMEM_MODE_MASK
+
+struct secretmem_ctx {
+ unsigned int mode;
+};
+
+static struct page *secretmem_alloc_page(gfp_t gfp)
+{
+ /*
+ * FIXME: use a cache of large pages to reduce the direct map
+ * fragmentation
+ */
+ return alloc_page(gfp);
+}
+
+static vm_fault_t secretmem_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = vmf->vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
+ struct inode *inode = file_inode(vmf->vma->vm_file);
+ pgoff_t offset = vmf->pgoff;
+ vm_fault_t ret = 0;
+ unsigned long addr;
+ struct page *page;
+ int err;
+
+ if (((loff_t)vmf->pgoff << PAGE_SHIFT) >= i_size_read(inode))
+ return vmf_error(-EINVAL);
+
+ page = find_get_page(mapping, offset);
+ if (!page) {
+
+ page = secretmem_alloc_page(vmf->gfp_mask);
+ if (!page)
+ return vmf_error(-ENOMEM);
+
+ err = add_to_page_cache(page, mapping, offset, vmf->gfp_mask);
+ if (unlikely(err))
+ goto err_put_page;
+
+ err = set_direct_map_invalid_noflush(page, 1);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_del_page_cache;
+
+ addr = (unsigned long)page_address(page);
+ flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, addr + PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ __SetPageUptodate(page);
+
+ ret = VM_FAULT_LOCKED;
+ }
+
+ vmf->page = page;
+ return ret;
+
+err_del_page_cache:
+ delete_from_page_cache(page);
+err_put_page:
+ put_page(page);
+ return vmf_error(err);
+}
+
+static const struct vm_operations_struct secretmem_vm_ops = {
+ .fault = secretmem_fault,
+};
+
+static int secretmem_mmap(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ unsigned long len = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
+
+ if ((vma->vm_flags & (VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE)) == 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (mlock_future_check(vma->vm_mm, vma->vm_flags | VM_LOCKED, len))
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ vma->vm_ops = &secretmem_vm_ops;
+ vma->vm_flags |= VM_LOCKED;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+bool vma_is_secretmem(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
+{
+ return vma->vm_ops == &secretmem_vm_ops;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations secretmem_fops = {
+ .mmap = secretmem_mmap,
+};
+
+static bool secretmem_isolate_page(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
+static int secretmem_migratepage(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct page *newpage, struct page *page,
+ enum migrate_mode mode)
+{
+ return -EBUSY;
+}
+
+static void secretmem_freepage(struct page *page)
+{
+ set_direct_map_default_noflush(page, 1);
+ clear_highpage(page);
+}
+
+static const struct address_space_operations secretmem_aops = {
+ .freepage = secretmem_freepage,
+ .migratepage = secretmem_migratepage,
+ .isolate_page = secretmem_isolate_page,
+};
+
+bool page_is_secretmem(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = page_mapping(page);
+
+ if (!mapping)
+ return false;
+
+ return mapping->a_ops == &secretmem_aops;
+}
+
+static struct vfsmount *secretmem_mnt;
+
+static struct file *secretmem_file_create(unsigned long flags)
+{
+ struct file *file = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+ struct secretmem_ctx *ctx;
+ struct inode *inode;
+
+ inode = alloc_anon_inode(secretmem_mnt->mnt_sb);
+ if (IS_ERR(inode))
+ return ERR_CAST(inode);
+
+ ctx = kzalloc(sizeof(*ctx), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctx)
+ goto err_free_inode;
+
+ file = alloc_file_pseudo(inode, secretmem_mnt, "secretmem",
+ O_RDWR, &secretmem_fops);
+ if (IS_ERR(file))
+ goto err_free_ctx;
+
+ mapping_set_unevictable(inode->i_mapping);
+
+ inode->i_mapping->private_data = ctx;
+ inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &secretmem_aops;
+
+ /* pretend we are a normal file with zero size */
+ inode->i_mode |= S_IFREG;
+ inode->i_size = 0;
+
+ file->private_data = ctx;
+
+ ctx->mode = flags & SECRETMEM_MODE_MASK;
+
+ return file;
+
+err_free_ctx:
+ kfree(ctx);
+err_free_inode:
+ iput(inode);
+ return file;
+}
+
+SYSCALL_DEFINE1(memfd_secret, unsigned long, flags)
+{
+ struct file *file;
+ int fd, err;
+
+ /* make sure local flags do not confict with global fcntl.h */
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(SECRETMEM_FLAGS_MASK & O_CLOEXEC);
+
+ if (flags & ~(SECRETMEM_FLAGS_MASK | O_CLOEXEC))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ fd = get_unused_fd_flags(flags & O_CLOEXEC);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return fd;
+
+ file = secretmem_file_create(flags);
+ if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(file);
+ goto err_put_fd;
+ }
+
+ file->f_flags |= O_LARGEFILE;
+
+ fd_install(fd, file);
+ return fd;
+
+err_put_fd:
+ put_unused_fd(fd);
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void secretmem_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
+{
+ struct secretmem_ctx *ctx = inode->i_private;
+
+ truncate_inode_pages_final(&inode->i_data);
+ clear_inode(inode);
+ kfree(ctx);
+}
+
+static const struct super_operations secretmem_super_ops = {
+ .evict_inode = secretmem_evict_inode,
+};
+
+static int secretmem_init_fs_context(struct fs_context *fc)
+{
+ struct pseudo_fs_context *ctx = init_pseudo(fc, SECRETMEM_MAGIC);
+
+ if (!ctx)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ ctx->ops = &secretmem_super_ops;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct file_system_type secretmem_fs = {
+ .name = "secretmem",
+ .init_fs_context = secretmem_init_fs_context,
+ .kill_sb = kill_anon_super,
+};
+
+static int secretmem_init(void)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ secretmem_mnt = kern_mount(&secretmem_fs);
+ if (IS_ERR(secretmem_mnt))
+ ret = PTR_ERR(secretmem_mnt);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+fs_initcall(secretmem_init);