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path: root/drivers/cpufreq/intel_pstate.c
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/*
 * intel_pstate.c: Native P state management for Intel processors
 *
 * (C) Copyright 2012 Intel Corporation
 * Author: Dirk Brandewie <dirk.j.brandewie@intel.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
 * of the License.
 */

#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include <linux/sysfs.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <trace/events/power.h>

#include <asm/div64.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
#include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)
#include <acpi/processor.h>
#endif

#define BYT_RATIOS		0x66a
#define BYT_VIDS		0x66b
#define BYT_TURBO_RATIOS	0x66c
#define BYT_TURBO_VIDS		0x66d

#define FRAC_BITS 8
#define int_tofp(X) ((int64_t)(X) << FRAC_BITS)
#define fp_toint(X) ((X) >> FRAC_BITS)

static inline int32_t mul_fp(int32_t x, int32_t y)
{
	return ((int64_t)x * (int64_t)y) >> FRAC_BITS;
}

static inline int32_t div_fp(s64 x, s64 y)
{
	return div64_s64((int64_t)x << FRAC_BITS, y);
}

static inline int ceiling_fp(int32_t x)
{
	int mask, ret;

	ret = fp_toint(x);
	mask = (1 << FRAC_BITS) - 1;
	if (x & mask)
		ret += 1;
	return ret;
}

struct sample {
	int32_t core_pct_busy;
	u64 aperf;
	u64 mperf;
	u64 tsc;
	int freq;
	ktime_t time;
};

struct pstate_data {
	int	current_pstate;
	int	min_pstate;
	int	max_pstate;
	int	max_pstate_physical;
	int	scaling;
	int	turbo_pstate;
};

struct vid_data {
	int min;
	int max;
	int turbo;
	int32_t ratio;
};

struct _pid {
	int setpoint;
	int32_t integral;
	int32_t p_gain;
	int32_t i_gain;
	int32_t d_gain;
	int deadband;
	int32_t last_err;
};

struct cpudata {
	int cpu;

	struct timer_list timer;

	struct pstate_data pstate;
	struct vid_data vid;
	struct _pid pid;

	ktime_t last_sample_time;
	u64	prev_aperf;
	u64	prev_mperf;
	u64	prev_tsc;
	struct sample sample;
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)
	struct acpi_processor_performance acpi_perf_data;
#endif
};

static struct cpudata **all_cpu_data;
struct pstate_adjust_policy {
	int sample_rate_ms;
	int deadband;
	int setpoint;
	int p_gain_pct;
	int d_gain_pct;
	int i_gain_pct;
};

struct pstate_funcs {
	int (*get_max)(void);
	int (*get_max_physical)(void);
	int (*get_min)(void);
	int (*get_turbo)(void);
	int (*get_scaling)(void);
	void (*set)(struct cpudata*, int pstate);
	void (*get_vid)(struct cpudata *);
};

struct cpu_defaults {
	struct pstate_adjust_policy pid_policy;
	struct pstate_funcs funcs;
};

static struct pstate_adjust_policy pid_params;
static struct pstate_funcs pstate_funcs;
static int hwp_active;
static int no_acpi_perf;

struct perf_limits {
	int no_turbo;
	int turbo_disabled;
	int max_perf_pct;
	int min_perf_pct;
	int32_t max_perf;
	int32_t min_perf;
	int max_policy_pct;
	int max_sysfs_pct;
	int min_policy_pct;
	int min_sysfs_pct;
	int max_perf_ctl;
	int min_perf_ctl;
};

static struct perf_limits performance_limits = {
	.no_turbo = 0,
	.turbo_disabled = 0,
	.max_perf_pct = 100,
	.max_perf = int_tofp(1),
	.min_perf_pct = 100,
	.min_perf = int_tofp(1),
	.max_policy_pct = 100,
	.max_sysfs_pct = 100,
	.min_policy_pct = 0,
	.min_sysfs_pct = 0,
};

static struct perf_limits powersave_limits = {
	.no_turbo = 0,
	.turbo_disabled = 0,
	.max_perf_pct = 100,
	.max_perf = int_tofp(1),
	.min_perf_pct = 0,
	.min_perf = 0,
	.max_policy_pct = 100,
	.max_sysfs_pct = 100,
	.min_policy_pct = 0,
	.min_sysfs_pct = 0,
	.max_perf_ctl = 0,
	.min_perf_ctl = 0,
};

#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_FREQ_DEFAULT_GOV_PERFORMANCE
static struct perf_limits *limits = &performance_limits;
#else
static struct perf_limits *limits = &powersave_limits;
#endif

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)
/*
 * The max target pstate ratio is a 8 bit value in both PLATFORM_INFO MSR and
 * in TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT MSR, which pstate driver stores in max_pstate and
 * max_turbo_pstate fields. The PERF_CTL MSR contains 16 bit value for P state
 * ratio, out of it only high 8 bits are used. For example 0x1700 is setting
 * target ratio 0x17. The _PSS control value stores in a format which can be
 * directly written to PERF_CTL MSR. But in intel_pstate driver this shift
 * occurs during write to PERF_CTL (E.g. for cores core_set_pstate()).
 * This function converts the _PSS control value to intel pstate driver format
 * for comparison and assignment.
 */
static int convert_to_native_pstate_format(struct cpudata *cpu, int index)
{
	return cpu->acpi_perf_data.states[index].control >> 8;
}

static int intel_pstate_init_perf_limits(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu;
	int ret;
	bool turbo_absent = false;
	int max_pstate_index;
	int min_pss_ctl, max_pss_ctl, turbo_pss_ctl;
	int i;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[policy->cpu];

	pr_debug("intel_pstate: default limits 0x%x 0x%x 0x%x\n",
		 cpu->pstate.min_pstate, cpu->pstate.max_pstate,
		 cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate);

	if (!cpu->acpi_perf_data.shared_cpu_map &&
	    zalloc_cpumask_var_node(&cpu->acpi_perf_data.shared_cpu_map,
				    GFP_KERNEL, cpu_to_node(policy->cpu))) {
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	ret = acpi_processor_register_performance(&cpu->acpi_perf_data,
						  policy->cpu);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/*
	 * Check if the control value in _PSS is for PERF_CTL MSR, which should
	 * guarantee that the states returned by it map to the states in our
	 * list directly.
	 */
	if (cpu->acpi_perf_data.control_register.space_id !=
						ACPI_ADR_SPACE_FIXED_HARDWARE)
		return -EIO;

	pr_debug("intel_pstate: CPU%u - ACPI _PSS perf data\n", policy->cpu);
	for (i = 0; i < cpu->acpi_perf_data.state_count; i++)
		pr_debug("     %cP%d: %u MHz, %u mW, 0x%x\n",
			 (i == cpu->acpi_perf_data.state ? '*' : ' '), i,
			 (u32) cpu->acpi_perf_data.states[i].core_frequency,
			 (u32) cpu->acpi_perf_data.states[i].power,
			 (u32) cpu->acpi_perf_data.states[i].control);

	/*
	 * If there is only one entry _PSS, simply ignore _PSS and continue as
	 * usual without taking _PSS into account
	 */
	if (cpu->acpi_perf_data.state_count < 2)
		return 0;

	turbo_pss_ctl = convert_to_native_pstate_format(cpu, 0);
	min_pss_ctl = convert_to_native_pstate_format(cpu,
					cpu->acpi_perf_data.state_count - 1);
	/* Check if there is a turbo freq in _PSS */
	if (turbo_pss_ctl <= cpu->pstate.max_pstate &&
	    turbo_pss_ctl > cpu->pstate.min_pstate) {
		pr_debug("intel_pstate: no turbo range exists in _PSS\n");
		limits->no_turbo = limits->turbo_disabled = 1;
		cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate = cpu->pstate.max_pstate;
		turbo_absent = true;
	}

	/* Check if the max non turbo p state < Intel P state max */
	max_pstate_index = turbo_absent ? 0 : 1;
	max_pss_ctl = convert_to_native_pstate_format(cpu, max_pstate_index);
	if (max_pss_ctl < cpu->pstate.max_pstate &&
	    max_pss_ctl > cpu->pstate.min_pstate)
		cpu->pstate.max_pstate = max_pss_ctl;

	/* check If min perf > Intel P State min */
	if (min_pss_ctl > cpu->pstate.min_pstate &&
	    min_pss_ctl < cpu->pstate.max_pstate) {
		cpu->pstate.min_pstate = min_pss_ctl;
		policy->cpuinfo.min_freq = min_pss_ctl * cpu->pstate.scaling;
	}

	if (turbo_absent)
		policy->cpuinfo.max_freq = cpu->pstate.max_pstate *
						cpu->pstate.scaling;
	else {
		policy->cpuinfo.max_freq = cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate *
						cpu->pstate.scaling;
		/*
		 * The _PSS table doesn't contain whole turbo frequency range.
		 * This just contains +1 MHZ above the max non turbo frequency,
		 * with control value corresponding to max turbo ratio. But
		 * when cpufreq set policy is called, it will call with this
		 * max frequency, which will cause a reduced performance as
		 * this driver uses real max turbo frequency as the max
		 * frequeny. So correct this frequency in _PSS table to
		 * correct max turbo frequency based on the turbo ratio.
		 * Also need to convert to MHz as _PSS freq is in MHz.
		 */
		cpu->acpi_perf_data.states[0].core_frequency =
						turbo_pss_ctl * 100;
	}

	pr_debug("intel_pstate: Updated limits using _PSS 0x%x 0x%x 0x%x\n",
		 cpu->pstate.min_pstate, cpu->pstate.max_pstate,
		 cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate);
	pr_debug("intel_pstate: policy max_freq=%d Khz min_freq = %d KHz\n",
		 policy->cpuinfo.max_freq, policy->cpuinfo.min_freq);

	return 0;
}

static int intel_pstate_exit_perf_limits(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu;

	if (!no_acpi_perf)
		return 0;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[policy->cpu];
	acpi_processor_unregister_performance(policy->cpu);
	return 0;
}

#else
static int intel_pstate_init_perf_limits(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	return 0;
}

static int intel_pstate_exit_perf_limits(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	return 0;
}
#endif

static inline void pid_reset(struct _pid *pid, int setpoint, int busy,
			     int deadband, int integral) {
	pid->setpoint = setpoint;
	pid->deadband  = deadband;
	pid->integral  = int_tofp(integral);
	pid->last_err  = int_tofp(setpoint) - int_tofp(busy);
}

static inline void pid_p_gain_set(struct _pid *pid, int percent)
{
	pid->p_gain = div_fp(int_tofp(percent), int_tofp(100));
}

static inline void pid_i_gain_set(struct _pid *pid, int percent)
{
	pid->i_gain = div_fp(int_tofp(percent), int_tofp(100));
}

static inline void pid_d_gain_set(struct _pid *pid, int percent)
{
	pid->d_gain = div_fp(int_tofp(percent), int_tofp(100));
}

static signed int pid_calc(struct _pid *pid, int32_t busy)
{
	signed int result;
	int32_t pterm, dterm, fp_error;
	int32_t integral_limit;

	fp_error = int_tofp(pid->setpoint) - busy;

	if (abs(fp_error) <= int_tofp(pid->deadband))
		return 0;

	pterm = mul_fp(pid->p_gain, fp_error);

	pid->integral += fp_error;

	/*
	 * We limit the integral here so that it will never
	 * get higher than 30.  This prevents it from becoming
	 * too large an input over long periods of time and allows
	 * it to get factored out sooner.
	 *
	 * The value of 30 was chosen through experimentation.
	 */
	integral_limit = int_tofp(30);
	if (pid->integral > integral_limit)
		pid->integral = integral_limit;
	if (pid->integral < -integral_limit)
		pid->integral = -integral_limit;

	dterm = mul_fp(pid->d_gain, fp_error - pid->last_err);
	pid->last_err = fp_error;

	result = pterm + mul_fp(pid->integral, pid->i_gain) + dterm;
	result = result + (1 << (FRAC_BITS-1));
	return (signed int)fp_toint(result);
}

static inline void intel_pstate_busy_pid_reset(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	pid_p_gain_set(&cpu->pid, pid_params.p_gain_pct);
	pid_d_gain_set(&cpu->pid, pid_params.d_gain_pct);
	pid_i_gain_set(&cpu->pid, pid_params.i_gain_pct);

	pid_reset(&cpu->pid, pid_params.setpoint, 100, pid_params.deadband, 0);
}

static inline void intel_pstate_reset_all_pid(void)
{
	unsigned int cpu;

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
		if (all_cpu_data[cpu])
			intel_pstate_busy_pid_reset(all_cpu_data[cpu]);
	}
}

static inline void update_turbo_state(void)
{
	u64 misc_en;
	struct cpudata *cpu;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[0];
	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, misc_en);
	limits->turbo_disabled =
		(misc_en & MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE_TURBO_DISABLE ||
		 cpu->pstate.max_pstate == cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate);
}

static void intel_pstate_hwp_set(void)
{
	int min, hw_min, max, hw_max, cpu, range, adj_range;
	u64 value, cap;

	rdmsrl(MSR_HWP_CAPABILITIES, cap);
	hw_min = HWP_LOWEST_PERF(cap);
	hw_max = HWP_HIGHEST_PERF(cap);
	range = hw_max - hw_min;

	get_online_cpus();

	for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
		rdmsrl_on_cpu(cpu, MSR_HWP_REQUEST, &value);
		adj_range = limits->min_perf_pct * range / 100;
		min = hw_min + adj_range;
		value &= ~HWP_MIN_PERF(~0L);
		value |= HWP_MIN_PERF(min);

		adj_range = limits->max_perf_pct * range / 100;
		max = hw_min + adj_range;
		if (limits->no_turbo) {
			hw_max = HWP_GUARANTEED_PERF(cap);
			if (hw_max < max)
				max = hw_max;
		}

		value &= ~HWP_MAX_PERF(~0L);
		value |= HWP_MAX_PERF(max);
		wrmsrl_on_cpu(cpu, MSR_HWP_REQUEST, value);
	}

	put_online_cpus();
}

/************************** debugfs begin ************************/
static int pid_param_set(void *data, u64 val)
{
	*(u32 *)data = val;
	intel_pstate_reset_all_pid();
	return 0;
}

static int pid_param_get(void *data, u64 *val)
{
	*val = *(u32 *)data;
	return 0;
}
DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(fops_pid_param, pid_param_get, pid_param_set, "%llu\n");

struct pid_param {
	char *name;
	void *value;
};

static struct pid_param pid_files[] = {
	{"sample_rate_ms", &pid_params.sample_rate_ms},
	{"d_gain_pct", &pid_params.d_gain_pct},
	{"i_gain_pct", &pid_params.i_gain_pct},
	{"deadband", &pid_params.deadband},
	{"setpoint", &pid_params.setpoint},
	{"p_gain_pct", &pid_params.p_gain_pct},
	{NULL, NULL}
};

static void __init intel_pstate_debug_expose_params(void)
{
	struct dentry *debugfs_parent;
	int i = 0;

	if (hwp_active)
		return;
	debugfs_parent = debugfs_create_dir("pstate_snb", NULL);
	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(debugfs_parent))
		return;
	while (pid_files[i].name) {
		debugfs_create_file(pid_files[i].name, 0660,
				    debugfs_parent, pid_files[i].value,
				    &fops_pid_param);
		i++;
	}
}

/************************** debugfs end ************************/

/************************** sysfs begin ************************/
#define show_one(file_name, object)					\
	static ssize_t show_##file_name					\
	(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf)	\
	{								\
		return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", limits->object);		\
	}

static ssize_t show_turbo_pct(struct kobject *kobj,
				struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu;
	int total, no_turbo, turbo_pct;
	uint32_t turbo_fp;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[0];

	total = cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate - cpu->pstate.min_pstate + 1;
	no_turbo = cpu->pstate.max_pstate - cpu->pstate.min_pstate + 1;
	turbo_fp = div_fp(int_tofp(no_turbo), int_tofp(total));
	turbo_pct = 100 - fp_toint(mul_fp(turbo_fp, int_tofp(100)));
	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", turbo_pct);
}

static ssize_t show_num_pstates(struct kobject *kobj,
				struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu;
	int total;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[0];
	total = cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate - cpu->pstate.min_pstate + 1;
	return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", total);
}

static ssize_t show_no_turbo(struct kobject *kobj,
			     struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	ssize_t ret;

	update_turbo_state();
	if (limits->turbo_disabled)
		ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", limits->turbo_disabled);
	else
		ret = sprintf(buf, "%u\n", limits->no_turbo);

	return ret;
}

static ssize_t store_no_turbo(struct kobject *a, struct attribute *b,
			      const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	unsigned int input;
	int ret;

	ret = sscanf(buf, "%u", &input);
	if (ret != 1)
		return -EINVAL;

	update_turbo_state();
	if (limits->turbo_disabled) {
		pr_warn("intel_pstate: Turbo disabled by BIOS or unavailable on processor\n");
		return -EPERM;
	}

	limits->no_turbo = clamp_t(int, input, 0, 1);

	if (hwp_active)
		intel_pstate_hwp_set();

	return count;
}

static ssize_t store_max_perf_pct(struct kobject *a, struct attribute *b,
				  const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	unsigned int input;
	int ret;

	ret = sscanf(buf, "%u", &input);
	if (ret != 1)
		return -EINVAL;

	limits->max_sysfs_pct = clamp_t(int, input, 0 , 100);
	limits->max_perf_pct = min(limits->max_policy_pct,
				   limits->max_sysfs_pct);
	limits->max_perf_pct = max(limits->min_policy_pct,
				   limits->max_perf_pct);
	limits->max_perf_pct = max(limits->min_perf_pct,
				   limits->max_perf_pct);
	limits->max_perf = div_fp(int_tofp(limits->max_perf_pct),
				  int_tofp(100));

	if (hwp_active)
		intel_pstate_hwp_set();
	return count;
}

static ssize_t store_min_perf_pct(struct kobject *a, struct attribute *b,
				  const char *buf, size_t count)
{
	unsigned int input;
	int ret;

	ret = sscanf(buf, "%u", &input);
	if (ret != 1)
		return -EINVAL;

	limits->min_sysfs_pct = clamp_t(int, input, 0 , 100);
	limits->min_perf_pct = max(limits->min_policy_pct,
				   limits->min_sysfs_pct);
	limits->min_perf_pct = min(limits->max_policy_pct,
				   limits->min_perf_pct);
	limits->min_perf_pct = min(limits->max_perf_pct,
				   limits->min_perf_pct);
	limits->min_perf = div_fp(int_tofp(limits->min_perf_pct),
				  int_tofp(100));

	if (hwp_active)
		intel_pstate_hwp_set();
	return count;
}

show_one(max_perf_pct, max_perf_pct);
show_one(min_perf_pct, min_perf_pct);

define_one_global_rw(no_turbo);
define_one_global_rw(max_perf_pct);
define_one_global_rw(min_perf_pct);
define_one_global_ro(turbo_pct);
define_one_global_ro(num_pstates);

static struct attribute *intel_pstate_attributes[] = {
	&no_turbo.attr,
	&max_perf_pct.attr,
	&min_perf_pct.attr,
	&turbo_pct.attr,
	&num_pstates.attr,
	NULL
};

static struct attribute_group intel_pstate_attr_group = {
	.attrs = intel_pstate_attributes,
};

static void __init intel_pstate_sysfs_expose_params(void)
{
	struct kobject *intel_pstate_kobject;
	int rc;

	intel_pstate_kobject = kobject_create_and_add("intel_pstate",
						&cpu_subsys.dev_root->kobj);
	BUG_ON(!intel_pstate_kobject);
	rc = sysfs_create_group(intel_pstate_kobject, &intel_pstate_attr_group);
	BUG_ON(rc);
}
/************************** sysfs end ************************/

static void intel_pstate_hwp_enable(struct cpudata *cpudata)
{
	pr_info("intel_pstate: HWP enabled\n");

	wrmsrl_on_cpu(cpudata->cpu, MSR_PM_ENABLE, 0x1);
}

static int byt_get_min_pstate(void)
{
	u64 value;

	rdmsrl(BYT_RATIOS, value);
	return (value >> 8) & 0x7F;
}

static int byt_get_max_pstate(void)
{
	u64 value;

	rdmsrl(BYT_RATIOS, value);
	return (value >> 16) & 0x7F;
}

static int byt_get_turbo_pstate(void)
{
	u64 value;

	rdmsrl(BYT_TURBO_RATIOS, value);
	return value & 0x7F;
}

static void byt_set_pstate(struct cpudata *cpudata, int pstate)
{
	u64 val;
	int32_t vid_fp;
	u32 vid;

	val = (u64)pstate << 8;
	if (limits->no_turbo && !limits->turbo_disabled)
		val |= (u64)1 << 32;

	vid_fp = cpudata->vid.min + mul_fp(
		int_tofp(pstate - cpudata->pstate.min_pstate),
		cpudata->vid.ratio);

	vid_fp = clamp_t(int32_t, vid_fp, cpudata->vid.min, cpudata->vid.max);
	vid = ceiling_fp(vid_fp);

	if (pstate > cpudata->pstate.max_pstate)
		vid = cpudata->vid.turbo;

	val |= vid;

	wrmsrl_on_cpu(cpudata->cpu, MSR_IA32_PERF_CTL, val);
}

#define BYT_BCLK_FREQS 5
static int byt_freq_table[BYT_BCLK_FREQS] = { 833, 1000, 1333, 1167, 800};

static int byt_get_scaling(void)
{
	u64 value;
	int i;

	rdmsrl(MSR_FSB_FREQ, value);
	i = value & 0x3;

	BUG_ON(i > BYT_BCLK_FREQS);

	return byt_freq_table[i] * 100;
}

static void byt_get_vid(struct cpudata *cpudata)
{
	u64 value;

	rdmsrl(BYT_VIDS, value);
	cpudata->vid.min = int_tofp((value >> 8) & 0x7f);
	cpudata->vid.max = int_tofp((value >> 16) & 0x7f);
	cpudata->vid.ratio = div_fp(
		cpudata->vid.max - cpudata->vid.min,
		int_tofp(cpudata->pstate.max_pstate -
			cpudata->pstate.min_pstate));

	rdmsrl(BYT_TURBO_VIDS, value);
	cpudata->vid.turbo = value & 0x7f;
}

static int core_get_min_pstate(void)
{
	u64 value;

	rdmsrl(MSR_PLATFORM_INFO, value);
	return (value >> 40) & 0xFF;
}

static int core_get_max_pstate_physical(void)
{
	u64 value;

	rdmsrl(MSR_PLATFORM_INFO, value);
	return (value >> 8) & 0xFF;
}

static int core_get_max_pstate(void)
{
	u64 tar;
	u64 plat_info;
	int max_pstate;
	int err;

	rdmsrl(MSR_PLATFORM_INFO, plat_info);
	max_pstate = (plat_info >> 8) & 0xFF;

	err = rdmsrl_safe(MSR_TURBO_ACTIVATION_RATIO, &tar);
	if (!err) {
		/* Do some sanity checking for safety */
		if (plat_info & 0x600000000) {
			u64 tdp_ctrl;
			u64 tdp_ratio;
			int tdp_msr;

			err = rdmsrl_safe(MSR_CONFIG_TDP_CONTROL, &tdp_ctrl);
			if (err)
				goto skip_tar;

			tdp_msr = MSR_CONFIG_TDP_NOMINAL + tdp_ctrl;
			err = rdmsrl_safe(tdp_msr, &tdp_ratio);
			if (err)
				goto skip_tar;

			if (tdp_ratio - 1 == tar) {
				max_pstate = tar;
				pr_debug("max_pstate=TAC %x\n", max_pstate);
			} else {
				goto skip_tar;
			}
		}
	}

skip_tar:
	return max_pstate;
}

static int core_get_turbo_pstate(void)
{
	u64 value;
	int nont, ret;

	rdmsrl(MSR_NHM_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT, value);
	nont = core_get_max_pstate();
	ret = (value) & 255;
	if (ret <= nont)
		ret = nont;
	return ret;
}

static inline int core_get_scaling(void)
{
	return 100000;
}

static void core_set_pstate(struct cpudata *cpudata, int pstate)
{
	u64 val;

	val = (u64)pstate << 8;
	if (limits->no_turbo && !limits->turbo_disabled)
		val |= (u64)1 << 32;

	wrmsrl_on_cpu(cpudata->cpu, MSR_IA32_PERF_CTL, val);
}

static int knl_get_turbo_pstate(void)
{
	u64 value;
	int nont, ret;

	rdmsrl(MSR_NHM_TURBO_RATIO_LIMIT, value);
	nont = core_get_max_pstate();
	ret = (((value) >> 8) & 0xFF);
	if (ret <= nont)
		ret = nont;
	return ret;
}

static struct cpu_defaults core_params = {
	.pid_policy = {
		.sample_rate_ms = 10,
		.deadband = 0,
		.setpoint = 97,
		.p_gain_pct = 20,
		.d_gain_pct = 0,
		.i_gain_pct = 0,
	},
	.funcs = {
		.get_max = core_get_max_pstate,
		.get_max_physical = core_get_max_pstate_physical,
		.get_min = core_get_min_pstate,
		.get_turbo = core_get_turbo_pstate,
		.get_scaling = core_get_scaling,
		.set = core_set_pstate,
	},
};

static struct cpu_defaults byt_params = {
	.pid_policy = {
		.sample_rate_ms = 10,
		.deadband = 0,
		.setpoint = 60,
		.p_gain_pct = 14,
		.d_gain_pct = 0,
		.i_gain_pct = 4,
	},
	.funcs = {
		.get_max = byt_get_max_pstate,
		.get_max_physical = byt_get_max_pstate,
		.get_min = byt_get_min_pstate,
		.get_turbo = byt_get_turbo_pstate,
		.set = byt_set_pstate,
		.get_scaling = byt_get_scaling,
		.get_vid = byt_get_vid,
	},
};

static struct cpu_defaults knl_params = {
	.pid_policy = {
		.sample_rate_ms = 10,
		.deadband = 0,
		.setpoint = 97,
		.p_gain_pct = 20,
		.d_gain_pct = 0,
		.i_gain_pct = 0,
	},
	.funcs = {
		.get_max = core_get_max_pstate,
		.get_max_physical = core_get_max_pstate_physical,
		.get_min = core_get_min_pstate,
		.get_turbo = knl_get_turbo_pstate,
		.get_scaling = core_get_scaling,
		.set = core_set_pstate,
	},
};

static void intel_pstate_get_min_max(struct cpudata *cpu, int *min, int *max)
{
	int max_perf = cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate;
	int max_perf_adj;
	int min_perf;

	if (limits->no_turbo || limits->turbo_disabled)
		max_perf = cpu->pstate.max_pstate;

	/*
	 * performance can be limited by user through sysfs, by cpufreq
	 * policy, or by cpu specific default values determined through
	 * experimentation.
	 */
	if (limits->max_perf_ctl && limits->max_sysfs_pct >=
						limits->max_policy_pct) {
		*max = limits->max_perf_ctl;
	} else {
		max_perf_adj = fp_toint(mul_fp(int_tofp(max_perf),
					limits->max_perf));
		*max = clamp_t(int, max_perf_adj, cpu->pstate.min_pstate,
			       cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate);
	}

	if (limits->min_perf_ctl) {
		*min = limits->min_perf_ctl;
	} else {
		min_perf = fp_toint(mul_fp(int_tofp(max_perf),
				    limits->min_perf));
		*min = clamp_t(int, min_perf, cpu->pstate.min_pstate, max_perf);
	}
}

static void intel_pstate_set_pstate(struct cpudata *cpu, int pstate, bool force)
{
	int max_perf, min_perf;

	if (force) {
		update_turbo_state();

		intel_pstate_get_min_max(cpu, &min_perf, &max_perf);

		pstate = clamp_t(int, pstate, min_perf, max_perf);

		if (pstate == cpu->pstate.current_pstate)
			return;
	}
	trace_cpu_frequency(pstate * cpu->pstate.scaling, cpu->cpu);

	cpu->pstate.current_pstate = pstate;

	pstate_funcs.set(cpu, pstate);
}

static void intel_pstate_get_cpu_pstates(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	cpu->pstate.min_pstate = pstate_funcs.get_min();
	cpu->pstate.max_pstate = pstate_funcs.get_max();
	cpu->pstate.max_pstate_physical = pstate_funcs.get_max_physical();
	cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate = pstate_funcs.get_turbo();
	cpu->pstate.scaling = pstate_funcs.get_scaling();

	if (pstate_funcs.get_vid)
		pstate_funcs.get_vid(cpu);
	intel_pstate_set_pstate(cpu, cpu->pstate.min_pstate, false);
}

static inline void intel_pstate_calc_busy(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	struct sample *sample = &cpu->sample;
	int64_t core_pct;

	core_pct = int_tofp(sample->aperf) * int_tofp(100);
	core_pct = div64_u64(core_pct, int_tofp(sample->mperf));

	sample->freq = fp_toint(
		mul_fp(int_tofp(
			cpu->pstate.max_pstate_physical *
			cpu->pstate.scaling / 100),
			core_pct));

	sample->core_pct_busy = (int32_t)core_pct;
}

static inline void intel_pstate_sample(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	u64 aperf, mperf;
	unsigned long flags;
	u64 tsc;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_APERF, aperf);
	rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_MPERF, mperf);
	if (cpu->prev_mperf == mperf) {
		local_irq_restore(flags);
		return;
	}

	tsc = rdtsc();
	local_irq_restore(flags);

	cpu->last_sample_time = cpu->sample.time;
	cpu->sample.time = ktime_get();
	cpu->sample.aperf = aperf;
	cpu->sample.mperf = mperf;
	cpu->sample.tsc =  tsc;
	cpu->sample.aperf -= cpu->prev_aperf;
	cpu->sample.mperf -= cpu->prev_mperf;
	cpu->sample.tsc -= cpu->prev_tsc;

	intel_pstate_calc_busy(cpu);

	cpu->prev_aperf = aperf;
	cpu->prev_mperf = mperf;
	cpu->prev_tsc = tsc;
}

static inline void intel_hwp_set_sample_time(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	int delay;

	delay = msecs_to_jiffies(50);
	mod_timer_pinned(&cpu->timer, jiffies + delay);
}

static inline void intel_pstate_set_sample_time(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	int delay;

	delay = msecs_to_jiffies(pid_params.sample_rate_ms);
	mod_timer_pinned(&cpu->timer, jiffies + delay);
}

static inline int32_t intel_pstate_get_scaled_busy(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	int32_t core_busy, max_pstate, current_pstate, sample_ratio;
	s64 duration_us;
	u32 sample_time;

	/*
	 * core_busy is the ratio of actual performance to max
	 * max_pstate is the max non turbo pstate available
	 * current_pstate was the pstate that was requested during
	 * 	the last sample period.
	 *
	 * We normalize core_busy, which was our actual percent
	 * performance to what we requested during the last sample
	 * period. The result will be a percentage of busy at a
	 * specified pstate.
	 */
	core_busy = cpu->sample.core_pct_busy;
	max_pstate = int_tofp(cpu->pstate.max_pstate_physical);
	current_pstate = int_tofp(cpu->pstate.current_pstate);
	core_busy = mul_fp(core_busy, div_fp(max_pstate, current_pstate));

	/*
	 * Since we have a deferred timer, it will not fire unless
	 * we are in C0.  So, determine if the actual elapsed time
	 * is significantly greater (3x) than our sample interval.  If it
	 * is, then we were idle for a long enough period of time
	 * to adjust our busyness.
	 */
	sample_time = pid_params.sample_rate_ms  * USEC_PER_MSEC;
	duration_us = ktime_us_delta(cpu->sample.time,
				     cpu->last_sample_time);
	if (duration_us > sample_time * 3) {
		sample_ratio = div_fp(int_tofp(sample_time),
				      int_tofp(duration_us));
		core_busy = mul_fp(core_busy, sample_ratio);
	}

	return core_busy;
}

static inline void intel_pstate_adjust_busy_pstate(struct cpudata *cpu)
{
	int32_t busy_scaled;
	struct _pid *pid;
	signed int ctl;
	int from;
	struct sample *sample;

	from = cpu->pstate.current_pstate;

	pid = &cpu->pid;
	busy_scaled = intel_pstate_get_scaled_busy(cpu);

	ctl = pid_calc(pid, busy_scaled);

	/* Negative values of ctl increase the pstate and vice versa */
	intel_pstate_set_pstate(cpu, cpu->pstate.current_pstate - ctl, true);

	sample = &cpu->sample;
	trace_pstate_sample(fp_toint(sample->core_pct_busy),
		fp_toint(busy_scaled),
		from,
		cpu->pstate.current_pstate,
		sample->mperf,
		sample->aperf,
		sample->tsc,
		sample->freq);
}

static void intel_hwp_timer_func(unsigned long __data)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu = (struct cpudata *) __data;

	intel_pstate_sample(cpu);
	intel_hwp_set_sample_time(cpu);
}

static void intel_pstate_timer_func(unsigned long __data)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu = (struct cpudata *) __data;

	intel_pstate_sample(cpu);

	intel_pstate_adjust_busy_pstate(cpu);

	intel_pstate_set_sample_time(cpu);
}

#define ICPU(model, policy) \
	{ X86_VENDOR_INTEL, 6, model, X86_FEATURE_APERFMPERF,\
			(unsigned long)&policy }

static const struct x86_cpu_id intel_pstate_cpu_ids[] = {
	ICPU(0x2a, core_params),
	ICPU(0x2d, core_params),
	ICPU(0x37, byt_params),
	ICPU(0x3a, core_params),
	ICPU(0x3c, core_params),
	ICPU(0x3d, core_params),
	ICPU(0x3e, core_params),
	ICPU(0x3f, core_params),
	ICPU(0x45, core_params),
	ICPU(0x46, core_params),
	ICPU(0x47, core_params),
	ICPU(0x4c, byt_params),
	ICPU(0x4e, core_params),
	ICPU(0x4f, core_params),
	ICPU(0x5e, core_params),
	ICPU(0x56, core_params),
	ICPU(0x57, knl_params),
	{}
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(x86cpu, intel_pstate_cpu_ids);

static const struct x86_cpu_id intel_pstate_cpu_oob_ids[] = {
	ICPU(0x56, core_params),
	{}
};

static int intel_pstate_init_cpu(unsigned int cpunum)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu;

	if (!all_cpu_data[cpunum])
		all_cpu_data[cpunum] = kzalloc(sizeof(struct cpudata),
					       GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!all_cpu_data[cpunum])
		return -ENOMEM;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[cpunum];

	cpu->cpu = cpunum;

	if (hwp_active)
		intel_pstate_hwp_enable(cpu);

	intel_pstate_get_cpu_pstates(cpu);

	init_timer_deferrable(&cpu->timer);
	cpu->timer.data = (unsigned long)cpu;
	cpu->timer.expires = jiffies + HZ/100;

	if (!hwp_active)
		cpu->timer.function = intel_pstate_timer_func;
	else
		cpu->timer.function = intel_hwp_timer_func;

	intel_pstate_busy_pid_reset(cpu);
	intel_pstate_sample(cpu);

	add_timer_on(&cpu->timer, cpunum);

	pr_debug("intel_pstate: controlling: cpu %d\n", cpunum);

	return 0;
}

static unsigned int intel_pstate_get(unsigned int cpu_num)
{
	struct sample *sample;
	struct cpudata *cpu;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[cpu_num];
	if (!cpu)
		return 0;
	sample = &cpu->sample;
	return sample->freq;
}

static int intel_pstate_set_policy(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)
	struct cpudata *cpu;
	int i;
#endif
	pr_debug("intel_pstate: %s max %u policy->max %u\n", __func__,
		 policy->cpuinfo.max_freq, policy->max);
	if (!policy->cpuinfo.max_freq)
		return -ENODEV;

	if (policy->policy == CPUFREQ_POLICY_PERFORMANCE &&
	    policy->max >= policy->cpuinfo.max_freq) {
		pr_debug("intel_pstate: set performance\n");
		limits = &performance_limits;
		return 0;
	}

	pr_debug("intel_pstate: set powersave\n");
	limits = &powersave_limits;
	limits->min_policy_pct = (policy->min * 100) / policy->cpuinfo.max_freq;
	limits->min_policy_pct = clamp_t(int, limits->min_policy_pct, 0 , 100);
	limits->max_policy_pct = (policy->max * 100) / policy->cpuinfo.max_freq;
	limits->max_policy_pct = clamp_t(int, limits->max_policy_pct, 0 , 100);

	/* Normalize user input to [min_policy_pct, max_policy_pct] */
	limits->min_perf_pct = max(limits->min_policy_pct,
				   limits->min_sysfs_pct);
	limits->min_perf_pct = min(limits->max_policy_pct,
				   limits->min_perf_pct);
	limits->max_perf_pct = min(limits->max_policy_pct,
				   limits->max_sysfs_pct);
	limits->max_perf_pct = max(limits->min_policy_pct,
				   limits->max_perf_pct);

	/* Make sure min_perf_pct <= max_perf_pct */
	limits->min_perf_pct = min(limits->max_perf_pct, limits->min_perf_pct);

	limits->min_perf = div_fp(int_tofp(limits->min_perf_pct),
				  int_tofp(100));
	limits->max_perf = div_fp(int_tofp(limits->max_perf_pct),
				  int_tofp(100));

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)
	cpu = all_cpu_data[policy->cpu];
	for (i = 0; i < cpu->acpi_perf_data.state_count; i++) {
		int control;

		control = convert_to_native_pstate_format(cpu, i);
		if (control * cpu->pstate.scaling == policy->max)
			limits->max_perf_ctl = control;
		if (control * cpu->pstate.scaling == policy->min)
			limits->min_perf_ctl = control;
	}

	pr_debug("intel_pstate: max %u policy_max %u perf_ctl [0x%x-0x%x]\n",
		 policy->cpuinfo.max_freq, policy->max, limits->min_perf_ctl,
		 limits->max_perf_ctl);
#endif

	if (hwp_active)
		intel_pstate_hwp_set();

	return 0;
}

static int intel_pstate_verify_policy(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	cpufreq_verify_within_cpu_limits(policy);

	if (policy->policy != CPUFREQ_POLICY_POWERSAVE &&
	    policy->policy != CPUFREQ_POLICY_PERFORMANCE)
		return -EINVAL;

	return 0;
}

static void intel_pstate_stop_cpu(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	int cpu_num = policy->cpu;
	struct cpudata *cpu = all_cpu_data[cpu_num];

	pr_debug("intel_pstate: CPU %d exiting\n", cpu_num);

	del_timer_sync(&all_cpu_data[cpu_num]->timer);
	if (hwp_active)
		return;

	intel_pstate_set_pstate(cpu, cpu->pstate.min_pstate, false);
}

static int intel_pstate_cpu_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	struct cpudata *cpu;
	int rc;

	rc = intel_pstate_init_cpu(policy->cpu);
	if (rc)
		return rc;

	cpu = all_cpu_data[policy->cpu];

	if (limits->min_perf_pct == 100 && limits->max_perf_pct == 100)
		policy->policy = CPUFREQ_POLICY_PERFORMANCE;
	else
		policy->policy = CPUFREQ_POLICY_POWERSAVE;

	policy->min = cpu->pstate.min_pstate * cpu->pstate.scaling;
	policy->max = cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate * cpu->pstate.scaling;

	/* cpuinfo and default policy values */
	policy->cpuinfo.min_freq = cpu->pstate.min_pstate * cpu->pstate.scaling;
	policy->cpuinfo.max_freq =
		cpu->pstate.turbo_pstate * cpu->pstate.scaling;
	if (!no_acpi_perf)
		intel_pstate_init_perf_limits(policy);
	/*
	 * If there is no acpi perf data or error, we ignore and use Intel P
	 * state calculated limits, So this is not fatal error.
	 */
	policy->cpuinfo.transition_latency = CPUFREQ_ETERNAL;
	cpumask_set_cpu(policy->cpu, policy->cpus);

	return 0;
}

static int intel_pstate_cpu_exit(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	return intel_pstate_exit_perf_limits(policy);
}

static struct cpufreq_driver intel_pstate_driver = {
	.flags		= CPUFREQ_CONST_LOOPS,
	.verify		= intel_pstate_verify_policy,
	.setpolicy	= intel_pstate_set_policy,
	.get		= intel_pstate_get,
	.init		= intel_pstate_cpu_init,
	.exit		= intel_pstate_cpu_exit,
	.stop_cpu	= intel_pstate_stop_cpu,
	.name		= "intel_pstate",
};

static int __initdata no_load;
static int __initdata no_hwp;
static int __initdata hwp_only;
static unsigned int force_load;

static int intel_pstate_msrs_not_valid(void)
{
	if (!pstate_funcs.get_max() ||
	    !pstate_funcs.get_min() ||
	    !pstate_funcs.get_turbo())
		return -ENODEV;

	return 0;
}

static void copy_pid_params(struct pstate_adjust_policy *policy)
{
	pid_params.sample_rate_ms = policy->sample_rate_ms;
	pid_params.p_gain_pct = policy->p_gain_pct;
	pid_params.i_gain_pct = policy->i_gain_pct;
	pid_params.d_gain_pct = policy->d_gain_pct;
	pid_params.deadband = policy->deadband;
	pid_params.setpoint = policy->setpoint;
}

static void copy_cpu_funcs(struct pstate_funcs *funcs)
{
	pstate_funcs.get_max   = funcs->get_max;
	pstate_funcs.get_max_physical = funcs->get_max_physical;
	pstate_funcs.get_min   = funcs->get_min;
	pstate_funcs.get_turbo = funcs->get_turbo;
	pstate_funcs.get_scaling = funcs->get_scaling;
	pstate_funcs.set       = funcs->set;
	pstate_funcs.get_vid   = funcs->get_vid;
}

#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ACPI)

static bool intel_pstate_no_acpi_pss(void)
{
	int i;

	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
		acpi_status status;
		union acpi_object *pss;
		struct acpi_buffer buffer = { ACPI_ALLOCATE_BUFFER, NULL };
		struct acpi_processor *pr = per_cpu(processors, i);

		if (!pr)
			continue;

		status = acpi_evaluate_object(pr->handle, "_PSS", NULL, &buffer);
		if (ACPI_FAILURE(status))
			continue;

		pss = buffer.pointer;
		if (pss && pss->type == ACPI_TYPE_PACKAGE) {
			kfree(pss);
			return false;
		}

		kfree(pss);
	}

	return true;
}

static bool intel_pstate_has_acpi_ppc(void)
{
	int i;

	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
		struct acpi_processor *pr = per_cpu(processors, i);

		if (!pr)
			continue;
		if (acpi_has_method(pr->handle, "_PPC"))
			return true;
	}
	return false;
}

enum {
	PSS,
	PPC,
};

struct hw_vendor_info {
	u16  valid;
	char oem_id[ACPI_OEM_ID_SIZE];
	char oem_table_id[ACPI_OEM_TABLE_ID_SIZE];
	int  oem_pwr_table;
};

/* Hardware vendor-specific info that has its own power management modes */
static struct hw_vendor_info vendor_info[] = {
	{1, "HP    ", "ProLiant", PSS},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4-2    ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4-2L   ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4-2B   ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X3-2    ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X3-2L   ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X3-2B   ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4470M2 ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4270M3 ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4270M2 ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4170M2 ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4170 M3", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X4275 M3", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "X6-2    ", PPC},
	{1, "ORACLE", "Sudbury ", PPC},
	{0, "", ""},
};

static bool intel_pstate_platform_pwr_mgmt_exists(void)
{
	struct acpi_table_header hdr;
	struct hw_vendor_info *v_info;
	const struct x86_cpu_id *id;
	u64 misc_pwr;

	id = x86_match_cpu(intel_pstate_cpu_oob_ids);
	if (id) {
		rdmsrl(MSR_MISC_PWR_MGMT, misc_pwr);
		if ( misc_pwr & (1 << 8))
			return true;
	}

	if (acpi_disabled ||
	    ACPI_FAILURE(acpi_get_table_header(ACPI_SIG_FADT, 0, &hdr)))
		return false;

	for (v_info = vendor_info; v_info->valid; v_info++) {
		if (!strncmp(hdr.oem_id, v_info->oem_id, ACPI_OEM_ID_SIZE) &&
			!strncmp(hdr.oem_table_id, v_info->oem_table_id,
						ACPI_OEM_TABLE_ID_SIZE))
			switch (v_info->oem_pwr_table) {
			case PSS:
				return intel_pstate_no_acpi_pss();
			case PPC:
				return intel_pstate_has_acpi_ppc() &&
					(!force_load);
			}
	}

	return false;
}
#else /* CONFIG_ACPI not enabled */
static inline bool intel_pstate_platform_pwr_mgmt_exists(void) { return false; }
static inline bool intel_pstate_has_acpi_ppc(void) { return false; }
#endif /* CONFIG_ACPI */

static int __init intel_pstate_init(void)
{
	int cpu, rc = 0;
	const struct x86_cpu_id *id;
	struct cpu_defaults *cpu_def;

	if (no_load)
		return -ENODEV;

	id = x86_match_cpu(intel_pstate_cpu_ids);
	if (!id)
		return -ENODEV;

	/*
	 * The Intel pstate driver will be ignored if the platform
	 * firmware has its own power management modes.
	 */
	if (intel_pstate_platform_pwr_mgmt_exists())
		return -ENODEV;

	cpu_def = (struct cpu_defaults *)id->driver_data;

	copy_pid_params(&cpu_def->pid_policy);
	copy_cpu_funcs(&cpu_def->funcs);

	if (intel_pstate_msrs_not_valid())
		return -ENODEV;

	pr_info("Intel P-state driver initializing.\n");

	all_cpu_data = vzalloc(sizeof(void *) * num_possible_cpus());
	if (!all_cpu_data)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (static_cpu_has_safe(X86_FEATURE_HWP) && !no_hwp)
		hwp_active++;

	if (!hwp_active && hwp_only)
		goto out;

	rc = cpufreq_register_driver(&intel_pstate_driver);
	if (rc)
		goto out;

	intel_pstate_debug_expose_params();
	intel_pstate_sysfs_expose_params();

	return rc;
out:
	get_online_cpus();
	for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
		if (all_cpu_data[cpu]) {
			del_timer_sync(&all_cpu_data[cpu]->timer);
			kfree(all_cpu_data[cpu]);
		}
	}

	put_online_cpus();
	vfree(all_cpu_data);
	return -ENODEV;
}
device_initcall(intel_pstate_init);

static int __init intel_pstate_setup(char *str)
{
	if (!str)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!strcmp(str, "disable"))
		no_load = 1;
	if (!strcmp(str, "no_hwp"))
		no_hwp = 1;
	if (!strcmp(str, "force"))
		force_load = 1;
	if (!strcmp(str, "hwp_only"))
		hwp_only = 1;
	if (!strcmp(str, "no_acpi"))
		no_acpi_perf = 1;

	return 0;
}
early_param("intel_pstate", intel_pstate_setup);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Dirk Brandewie <dirk.j.brandewie@intel.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("'intel_pstate' - P state driver Intel Core processors");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");