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path: root/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
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/*
 * Based on arch/arm/kernel/setup.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1995-2001 Russell King
 * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 */

#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/utsname.h>
#include <linux/initrd.h>
#include <linux/console.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/screen_info.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/kexec.h>
#include <linux/crash_dump.h>
#include <linux/root_dev.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/of_iommu.h>
#include <linux/of_fdt.h>
#include <linux/of_platform.h>
#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/psci.h>

#include <asm/acpi.h>
#include <asm/fixmap.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/cputype.h>
#include <asm/elf.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
#include <asm/cpu_ops.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/setup.h>
#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/traps.h>
#include <asm/memblock.h>
#include <asm/efi.h>
#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>

unsigned long elf_hwcap __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(elf_hwcap);

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
#define COMPAT_ELF_HWCAP_DEFAULT	\
				(COMPAT_HWCAP_HALF|COMPAT_HWCAP_THUMB|\
				 COMPAT_HWCAP_FAST_MULT|COMPAT_HWCAP_EDSP|\
				 COMPAT_HWCAP_TLS|COMPAT_HWCAP_VFP|\
				 COMPAT_HWCAP_VFPv3|COMPAT_HWCAP_VFPv4|\
				 COMPAT_HWCAP_NEON|COMPAT_HWCAP_IDIV|\
				 COMPAT_HWCAP_LPAE)
unsigned int compat_elf_hwcap __read_mostly = COMPAT_ELF_HWCAP_DEFAULT;
unsigned int compat_elf_hwcap2 __read_mostly;
#endif

DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);

phys_addr_t __fdt_pointer __initdata;

/*
 * Standard memory resources
 */
static struct resource mem_res[] = {
	{
		.name = "Kernel code",
		.start = 0,
		.end = 0,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_MEM
	},
	{
		.name = "Kernel data",
		.start = 0,
		.end = 0,
		.flags = IORESOURCE_MEM
	}
};

#define kernel_code mem_res[0]
#define kernel_data mem_res[1]

/*
 * The recorded values of x0 .. x3 upon kernel entry.
 */
u64 __cacheline_aligned boot_args[4];

void __init smp_setup_processor_id(void)
{
	u64 mpidr = read_cpuid_mpidr() & MPIDR_HWID_BITMASK;
	cpu_logical_map(0) = mpidr;

	/*
	 * clear __my_cpu_offset on boot CPU to avoid hang caused by
	 * using percpu variable early, for example, lockdep will
	 * access percpu variable inside lock_release
	 */
	set_my_cpu_offset(0);
	pr_info("Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x%lx\n", (unsigned long)mpidr);
}

bool arch_match_cpu_phys_id(int cpu, u64 phys_id)
{
	return phys_id == cpu_logical_map(cpu);
}

struct mpidr_hash mpidr_hash;
/**
 * smp_build_mpidr_hash - Pre-compute shifts required at each affinity
 *			  level in order to build a linear index from an
 *			  MPIDR value. Resulting algorithm is a collision
 *			  free hash carried out through shifting and ORing
 */
static void __init smp_build_mpidr_hash(void)
{
	u32 i, affinity, fs[4], bits[4], ls;
	u64 mask = 0;
	/*
	 * Pre-scan the list of MPIDRS and filter out bits that do
	 * not contribute to affinity levels, ie they never toggle.
	 */
	for_each_possible_cpu(i)
		mask |= (cpu_logical_map(i) ^ cpu_logical_map(0));
	pr_debug("mask of set bits %#llx\n", mask);
	/*
	 * Find and stash the last and first bit set at all affinity levels to
	 * check how many bits are required to represent them.
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
		affinity = MPIDR_AFFINITY_LEVEL(mask, i);
		/*
		 * Find the MSB bit and LSB bits position
		 * to determine how many bits are required
		 * to express the affinity level.
		 */
		ls = fls(affinity);
		fs[i] = affinity ? ffs(affinity) - 1 : 0;
		bits[i] = ls - fs[i];
	}
	/*
	 * An index can be created from the MPIDR_EL1 by isolating the
	 * significant bits at each affinity level and by shifting
	 * them in order to compress the 32 bits values space to a
	 * compressed set of values. This is equivalent to hashing
	 * the MPIDR_EL1 through shifting and ORing. It is a collision free
	 * hash though not minimal since some levels might contain a number
	 * of CPUs that is not an exact power of 2 and their bit
	 * representation might contain holes, eg MPIDR_EL1[7:0] = {0x2, 0x80}.
	 */
	mpidr_hash.shift_aff[0] = MPIDR_LEVEL_SHIFT(0) + fs[0];
	mpidr_hash.shift_aff[1] = MPIDR_LEVEL_SHIFT(1) + fs[1] - bits[0];
	mpidr_hash.shift_aff[2] = MPIDR_LEVEL_SHIFT(2) + fs[2] -
						(bits[1] + bits[0]);
	mpidr_hash.shift_aff[3] = MPIDR_LEVEL_SHIFT(3) +
				  fs[3] - (bits[2] + bits[1] + bits[0]);
	mpidr_hash.mask = mask;
	mpidr_hash.bits = bits[3] + bits[2] + bits[1] + bits[0];
	pr_debug("MPIDR hash: aff0[%u] aff1[%u] aff2[%u] aff3[%u] mask[%#llx] bits[%u]\n",
		mpidr_hash.shift_aff[0],
		mpidr_hash.shift_aff[1],
		mpidr_hash.shift_aff[2],
		mpidr_hash.shift_aff[3],
		mpidr_hash.mask,
		mpidr_hash.bits);
	/*
	 * 4x is an arbitrary value used to warn on a hash table much bigger
	 * than expected on most systems.
	 */
	if (mpidr_hash_size() > 4 * num_possible_cpus())
		pr_warn("Large number of MPIDR hash buckets detected\n");
	__flush_dcache_area(&mpidr_hash, sizeof(struct mpidr_hash));
}

static void __init setup_processor(void)
{
	u64 features;
	s64 block;
	u32 cwg;
	int cls;

	printk("CPU: AArch64 Processor [%08x] revision %d\n",
	       read_cpuid_id(), read_cpuid_id() & 15);

	sprintf(init_utsname()->machine, ELF_PLATFORM);
	elf_hwcap = 0;

	cpuinfo_store_boot_cpu();

	/*
	 * Check for sane CTR_EL0.CWG value.
	 */
	cwg = cache_type_cwg();
	cls = cache_line_size();
	if (!cwg)
		pr_warn("No Cache Writeback Granule information, assuming cache line size %d\n",
			cls);
	if (L1_CACHE_BYTES < cls)
		pr_warn("L1_CACHE_BYTES smaller than the Cache Writeback Granule (%d < %d)\n",
			L1_CACHE_BYTES, cls);

	/*
	 * ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1 contains 4-bit wide signed feature blocks.
	 * The blocks we test below represent incremental functionality
	 * for non-negative values. Negative values are reserved.
	 */
	features = read_cpuid(ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1);
	block = cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 4);
	if (block > 0) {
		switch (block) {
		default:
		case 2:
			elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_PMULL;
		case 1:
			elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_AES;
		case 0:
			break;
		}
	}

	if (cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 8) > 0)
		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_SHA1;

	if (cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 12) > 0)
		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_SHA2;

	if (cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 16) > 0)
		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_CRC32;

	block = cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 20);
	if (block > 0) {
		switch (block) {
		default:
		case 2:
			elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_ATOMICS;
		case 1:
			/* RESERVED */
		case 0:
			break;
		}
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
	/*
	 * ID_ISAR5_EL1 carries similar information as above, but pertaining to
	 * the AArch32 32-bit execution state.
	 */
	features = read_cpuid(ID_ISAR5_EL1);
	block = cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 4);
	if (block > 0) {
		switch (block) {
		default:
		case 2:
			compat_elf_hwcap2 |= COMPAT_HWCAP2_PMULL;
		case 1:
			compat_elf_hwcap2 |= COMPAT_HWCAP2_AES;
		case 0:
			break;
		}
	}

	if (cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 8) > 0)
		compat_elf_hwcap2 |= COMPAT_HWCAP2_SHA1;

	if (cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 12) > 0)
		compat_elf_hwcap2 |= COMPAT_HWCAP2_SHA2;

	if (cpuid_feature_extract_field(features, 16) > 0)
		compat_elf_hwcap2 |= COMPAT_HWCAP2_CRC32;
#endif
}

static void __init setup_machine_fdt(phys_addr_t dt_phys)
{
	void *dt_virt = fixmap_remap_fdt(dt_phys);

	if (!dt_virt || !early_init_dt_scan(dt_virt)) {
		pr_crit("\n"
			"Error: invalid device tree blob at physical address %pa (virtual address 0x%p)\n"
			"The dtb must be 8-byte aligned and must not exceed 2 MB in size\n"
			"\nPlease check your bootloader.",
			&dt_phys, dt_virt);

		while (true)
			cpu_relax();
	}

	dump_stack_set_arch_desc("%s (DT)", of_flat_dt_get_machine_name());
}

static void __init request_standard_resources(void)
{
	struct memblock_region *region;
	struct resource *res;

	kernel_code.start   = virt_to_phys(_text);
	kernel_code.end     = virt_to_phys(_etext - 1);
	kernel_data.start   = virt_to_phys(_sdata);
	kernel_data.end     = virt_to_phys(_end - 1);

	for_each_memblock(memory, region) {
		res = alloc_bootmem_low(sizeof(*res));
		res->name  = "System RAM";
		res->start = __pfn_to_phys(memblock_region_memory_base_pfn(region));
		res->end = __pfn_to_phys(memblock_region_memory_end_pfn(region)) - 1;
		res->flags = IORESOURCE_MEM | IORESOURCE_BUSY;

		request_resource(&iomem_resource, res);

		if (kernel_code.start >= res->start &&
		    kernel_code.end <= res->end)
			request_resource(res, &kernel_code);
		if (kernel_data.start >= res->start &&
		    kernel_data.end <= res->end)
			request_resource(res, &kernel_data);
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
/*
 * Relocate initrd if it is not completely within the linear mapping.
 * This would be the case if mem= cuts out all or part of it.
 */
static void __init relocate_initrd(void)
{
	phys_addr_t orig_start = __virt_to_phys(initrd_start);
	phys_addr_t orig_end = __virt_to_phys(initrd_end);
	phys_addr_t ram_end = memblock_end_of_DRAM();
	phys_addr_t new_start;
	unsigned long size, to_free = 0;
	void *dest;

	if (orig_end <= ram_end)
		return;

	/*
	 * Any of the original initrd which overlaps the linear map should
	 * be freed after relocating.
	 */
	if (orig_start < ram_end)
		to_free = ram_end - orig_start;

	size = orig_end - orig_start;
	if (!size)
		return;

	/* initrd needs to be relocated completely inside linear mapping */
	new_start = memblock_find_in_range(0, PFN_PHYS(max_pfn),
					   size, PAGE_SIZE);
	if (!new_start)
		panic("Cannot relocate initrd of size %ld\n", size);
	memblock_reserve(new_start, size);

	initrd_start = __phys_to_virt(new_start);
	initrd_end   = initrd_start + size;

	pr_info("Moving initrd from [%llx-%llx] to [%llx-%llx]\n",
		orig_start, orig_start + size - 1,
		new_start, new_start + size - 1);

	dest = (void *)initrd_start;

	if (to_free) {
		memcpy(dest, (void *)__phys_to_virt(orig_start), to_free);
		dest += to_free;
	}

	copy_from_early_mem(dest, orig_start + to_free, size - to_free);

	if (to_free) {
		pr_info("Freeing original RAMDISK from [%llx-%llx]\n",
			orig_start, orig_start + to_free - 1);
		memblock_free(orig_start, to_free);
	}
}
#else
static inline void __init relocate_initrd(void)
{
}
#endif

u64 __cpu_logical_map[NR_CPUS] = { [0 ... NR_CPUS-1] = INVALID_HWID };

void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
{
	setup_processor();

	init_mm.start_code = (unsigned long) _text;
	init_mm.end_code   = (unsigned long) _etext;
	init_mm.end_data   = (unsigned long) _edata;
	init_mm.brk	   = (unsigned long) _end;

	*cmdline_p = boot_command_line;

	early_fixmap_init();
	early_ioremap_init();

	setup_machine_fdt(__fdt_pointer);

	parse_early_param();

	/*
	 *  Unmask asynchronous aborts after bringing up possible earlycon.
	 * (Report possible System Errors once we can report this occurred)
	 */
	local_async_enable();

	efi_init();
	arm64_memblock_init();

	/* Parse the ACPI tables for possible boot-time configuration */
	acpi_boot_table_init();

	paging_init();
	relocate_initrd();
	request_standard_resources();

	early_ioremap_reset();

	if (acpi_disabled) {
		unflatten_device_tree();
		psci_dt_init();
	} else {
		psci_acpi_init();
	}
	xen_early_init();

	cpu_read_bootcpu_ops();
	smp_init_cpus();
	smp_build_mpidr_hash();

#ifdef CONFIG_VT
#if defined(CONFIG_VGA_CONSOLE)
	conswitchp = &vga_con;
#elif defined(CONFIG_DUMMY_CONSOLE)
	conswitchp = &dummy_con;
#endif
#endif
	if (boot_args[1] || boot_args[2] || boot_args[3]) {
		pr_err("WARNING: x1-x3 nonzero in violation of boot protocol:\n"
			"\tx1: %016llx\n\tx2: %016llx\n\tx3: %016llx\n"
			"This indicates a broken bootloader or old kernel\n",
			boot_args[1], boot_args[2], boot_args[3]);
	}
}

static int __init arm64_device_init(void)
{
	if (of_have_populated_dt()) {
		of_iommu_init();
		of_platform_populate(NULL, of_default_bus_match_table,
				     NULL, NULL);
	} else if (acpi_disabled) {
		pr_crit("Device tree not populated\n");
	}
	return 0;
}
arch_initcall_sync(arm64_device_init);

static int __init topology_init(void)
{
	int i;

	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
		struct cpu *cpu = &per_cpu(cpu_data.cpu, i);
		cpu->hotpluggable = 1;
		register_cpu(cpu, i);
	}

	return 0;
}
subsys_initcall(topology_init);

static const char *hwcap_str[] = {
	"fp",
	"asimd",
	"evtstrm",
	"aes",
	"pmull",
	"sha1",
	"sha2",
	"crc32",
	"atomics",
	NULL
};

#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
static const char *compat_hwcap_str[] = {
	"swp",
	"half",
	"thumb",
	"26bit",
	"fastmult",
	"fpa",
	"vfp",
	"edsp",
	"java",
	"iwmmxt",
	"crunch",
	"thumbee",
	"neon",
	"vfpv3",
	"vfpv3d16",
	"tls",
	"vfpv4",
	"idiva",
	"idivt",
	"vfpd32",
	"lpae",
	"evtstrm"
};

static const char *compat_hwcap2_str[] = {
	"aes",
	"pmull",
	"sha1",
	"sha2",
	"crc32",
	NULL
};
#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */

static int c_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
	int i, j;

	for_each_online_cpu(i) {
		struct cpuinfo_arm64 *cpuinfo = &per_cpu(cpu_data, i);
		u32 midr = cpuinfo->reg_midr;

		/*
		 * glibc reads /proc/cpuinfo to determine the number of
		 * online processors, looking for lines beginning with
		 * "processor".  Give glibc what it expects.
		 */
		seq_printf(m, "processor\t: %d\n", i);

		/*
		 * Dump out the common processor features in a single line.
		 * Userspace should read the hwcaps with getauxval(AT_HWCAP)
		 * rather than attempting to parse this, but there's a body of
		 * software which does already (at least for 32-bit).
		 */
		seq_puts(m, "Features\t:");
		if (personality(current->personality) == PER_LINUX32) {
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
			for (j = 0; compat_hwcap_str[j]; j++)
				if (compat_elf_hwcap & (1 << j))
					seq_printf(m, " %s", compat_hwcap_str[j]);

			for (j = 0; compat_hwcap2_str[j]; j++)
				if (compat_elf_hwcap2 & (1 << j))
					seq_printf(m, " %s", compat_hwcap2_str[j]);
#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
		} else {
			for (j = 0; hwcap_str[j]; j++)
				if (elf_hwcap & (1 << j))
					seq_printf(m, " %s", hwcap_str[j]);
		}
		seq_puts(m, "\n");

		seq_printf(m, "CPU implementer\t: 0x%02x\n",
			   MIDR_IMPLEMENTOR(midr));
		seq_printf(m, "CPU architecture: 8\n");
		seq_printf(m, "CPU variant\t: 0x%x\n", MIDR_VARIANT(midr));
		seq_printf(m, "CPU part\t: 0x%03x\n", MIDR_PARTNUM(midr));
		seq_printf(m, "CPU revision\t: %d\n\n", MIDR_REVISION(midr));
	}

	return 0;
}

static void *c_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
{
	return *pos < 1 ? (void *)1 : NULL;
}

static void *c_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
	++*pos;
	return NULL;
}

static void c_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
}

const struct seq_operations cpuinfo_op = {
	.start	= c_start,
	.next	= c_next,
	.stop	= c_stop,
	.show	= c_show
};