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UEFI, the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface, is a specification
governing the behaviours of compatible firmware interfaces. It is
maintained by the UEFI Forum - http://www.uefi.org/.

UEFI is an evolution of its predecessor 'EFI', so the terms EFI and
UEFI are used somewhat interchangeably in this document and associated
source code. As a rule, anything new uses 'UEFI', whereas 'EFI' refers
to legacy code or specifications.

UEFI support in Linux
=====================
Booting on a platform with firmware compliant with the UEFI specification
makes it possible for the kernel to support additional features:
- UEFI Runtime Services
- Retrieving various configuration information through the standardised
  interface of UEFI configuration tables. (ACPI, SMBIOS, ...)

For actually enabling [U]EFI support, enable:
- CONFIG_EFI=y
- CONFIG_EFI_VARS=y or m

The implementation depends on receiving information about the UEFI environment
in a Flattened Device Tree (FDT) - so is only available with CONFIG_OF.

UEFI stub
=========
The "stub" is a feature that extends the Image/zImage into a valid UEFI
PE/COFF executable, including a loader application that makes it possible to
load the kernel directly from the UEFI shell, boot menu, or one of the
lightweight bootloaders like Gummiboot or rEFInd.

The kernel image built with stub support remains a valid kernel image for
booting in non-UEFI environments.

UEFI kernel support on ARM
==========================
UEFI kernel support on the ARM architectures (arm and arm64) is only available
when boot is performed through the stub.

When booting in UEFI mode, the stub deletes any memory nodes from a provided DT.
Instead, the kernel reads the UEFI memory map.

The stub populates the FDT /chosen node with (and the kernel scans for) the
following parameters:
________________________________________________________________________________
Name                      | Size   | Description
================================================================================
linux,uefi-system-table   | 64-bit | Physical address of the UEFI System Table.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
linux,uefi-mmap-start     | 64-bit | Physical address of the UEFI memory map,
                          |        | populated by the UEFI GetMemoryMap() call.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
linux,uefi-mmap-size      | 32-bit | Size in bytes of the UEFI memory map
                          |        | pointed to in previous entry.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
linux,uefi-mmap-desc-size | 32-bit | Size in bytes of each entry in the UEFI
                          |        | memory map.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
linux,uefi-mmap-desc-ver  | 32-bit | Version of the mmap descriptor format.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
linux,uefi-stub-kern-ver  | string | Copy of linux_banner from build.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------