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path: root/samples/trace_events/trace-events-sample.h
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2017-11-15Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
ssh://gitolite.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial Pull trivial tree updates from Jiri Kosina: "The usual rocket-science from trivial tree for 4.15" * 'for-linus' of ssh://gitolite.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: MAINTAINERS: relinquish kconfig MAINTAINERS: Update my email address treewide: Fix typos in Kconfig kfifo: Fix comments init/Kconfig: Fix module signing document location misc: ibmasm: Return error on error path HID: logitech-hidpp: fix mistake in printk, "feeback" -> "feedback" MAINTAINERS: Correct path to uDraw PS3 driver tracing: Fix doc mistakes in trace sample tracing: Kconfig text fixes for CONFIG_HWLAT_TRACER MIPS: Alchemy: Remove reverted CONFIG_NETLINK_MMAP from db1xxx_defconfig mm/huge_memory.c: fixup grammar in comment lib/xz: Add fall-through comments to a switch statement
2017-11-02License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman
Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license. By default all files without license information are under the default license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2. Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0' SPDX license identifier. The SPDX identifier is a legally binding shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text. This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and Philippe Ombredanne. How this work was done: Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of the use cases: - file had no licensing information it it. - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it, - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information, Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords. The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne. Philippe prepared the base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files. The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files assessed. Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s) to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was: - Files considered eligible had to be source code files. - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5 lines of source - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5 lines). All documentation files were explicitly excluded. The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license identifiers to apply. - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was considered to have no license information in it, and the top level COPYING file license applied. For non */uapi/* files that summary was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 11139 and resulted in the first patch in this series. If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0". Results of that was: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------- GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 930 and resulted in the second patch in this series. - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in it (per prior point). Results summary: SPDX license identifier # files ---------------------------------------------------|------ GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note 270 GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 169 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause) 21 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 17 LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 15 GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 14 ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause) 5 LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note 4 LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT) 3 ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT) 1 and that resulted in the third patch in this series. - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became the concluded license(s). - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a license but the other didn't, or they both detected different licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred. - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics). - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier, the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later in time. In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation. Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights. The Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so they are related. Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks in about 15000 files. In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the correct identifier. Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch version early this week with: - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected license ids and scores - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+ files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction. This worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the different types of files to be modified. These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg. Thomas wrote a script to parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the format that the file expected. This script was further refined by Greg based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different comment types.) Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to generate the patches. Reviewed-by: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Reviewed-by: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Reviewed-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2017-10-12tracing: Fix doc mistakes in trace sampleJeremy Linton
The trace sample file has a couple mispellings, lets fix them. Signed-off-by: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2016-12-09tracing: Have the reg function allow to failSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
Some tracepoints have a registration function that gets enabled when the tracepoint is enabled. There may be cases that the registraction function must fail (for example, can't allocate enough memory). In this case, the tracepoint should also fail to register, otherwise the user would not know why the tracepoint is not working. Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Seiji Aguchi <seiji.aguchi@hds.com> Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-11-02Sample: Trace_event: Correct the commentsChunyan Zhang
The commit 889204278ccf ("tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentation") changed TRACE_SYSTEM to 'sample-trace', but didn't make the according change of its name in the comments. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1443599650-23680-1-git-send-email-zhang.chunyan@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Chunyan Zhang <zhang.chunyan@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-07-17tracing: Fix sample output of dynamic arraysSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
He Kuang noticed that the trace event samples for arrays was broken: "The output result of trace_foo_bar event in traceevent samples is wrong. This problem can be reproduced as following: (Build kernel with SAMPLE_TRACE_EVENTS=m) $ insmod trace-events-sample.ko $ echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sample-trace/foo_bar/enable $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace event-sample-980 [000] .... 43.649559: foo_bar: foo hello 21 0x15 BIT1|BIT3|0x10 {0x1,0x6f6f6e53,0xff007970,0xffffffff} Snoopy ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The array length is not right, should be {0x1}. (ffffffff,ffffffff) event-sample-980 [000] .... 44.653827: foo_bar: foo hello 22 0x16 BIT2|BIT3|0x10 {0x1,0x2,0x646e6147,0x666c61,0xffffffff,0xffffffff,0x750aeffe,0x7} ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The array length is not right, should be {0x1,0x2}. Gandalf (ffffffff,ffffffff)" This was caused by an update to have __print_array()'s second parameter be the count of items in the array and not the size of the array. As there is already users of __print_array(), it can not change. But the sample code can and we can also improve on the documentation about __print_array() and __get_dynamic_array_len(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1436839171-31527-2-git-send-email-hekuang@huawei.com Fixes: ac01ce1410fc2 ("tracing: Make ftrace_print_array_seq compute buf_len") Reported-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-04-08tracing/samples: Update the trace-event-sample.h with TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM()Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)
Document the use of TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() by adding enums to the trace-event-sample.h and using this macro to convert them in the format files. Also update the comments and sho the use of __print_symbolic() and __print_flags() as well as adding comments abount __print_array(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150403013802.220157513@goodmis.org Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-04-08tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentationSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
Add documentation about TRACE_SYSTEM needing to be alpha-numeric or with underscores, and that if it is not, then the use of TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR is required to make something that is. An example of this is shown in samples/trace_events/trace-events-sample.h Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150403013802.220157513@goodmis.org Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-02-09tracing: Add samples of DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS() and DEFINE_EVENT()Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)
Add to samples/trace_events/ the macros DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS() and DEFINE_EVENT() and recommend using them over multiple TRACE_EVENT() macros if the multiple events have the same format. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-02-09tracing: Add TRACE_EVENT_FN exampleSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
If a function should be called before a tracepoint is enabled and/or after it is disabled, the TRACE_EVENT_FN() serves this purpose. But it is not well documented. Having it as a sample would help developers to know how to use it. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-02-09tracing: Add TRACE_EVENT_CONDITION sampleSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
The sample code lacks an example of TRACE_EVENT_CONDITION, and it has been expressed to me that this feature for TRACE_EVENT is not well known and not used when it could be. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-02-09tracing: Update the TRACE_EVENT fields available in the sample codeSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
The sample code in samples/trace_events/ is extremely out of date and does not show all the new fields that have been added since the sample code was written. As most people are unaware of these new fields, adding sample code and explanations of those fields should help out. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2014-07-01tracing: Change trace event sample to use strlcpy instead of strncpyZhao Hongjiang
Strings should be copied with strlcpy instead of strncpy when they will later be printed via %s. This guarantees that they terminate with a NUL '\0' character and do not run pass the end of the allocated string. This is only for sample code, but it should stil represent a good role model. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/p/51C2E204.1080501@huawei.com Signed-off-by: Zhao Hongjiang <zhaohongjiang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2014-06-21tracing: Add __field_struct macro for TRACE_EVENT()Steven Rostedt
Currently the __field() macro in TRACE_EVENT is only good for primitive values, such as integers and pointers, but it fails on complex data types such as structures or unions. This is because the __field() macro determines if the variable is signed or not with the test of: (((type)(-1)) < (type)1) Unfortunately, that fails when type is a structure. Since trace events should support structures as fields a new macro is created for such a case called __field_struct() which acts exactly the same as __field() does but it does not do the signed type check and just uses a constant false for that answer. Cc: Tony Luck <tony.luck@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-09-15debugfs: Change debuhgfs directory of trace-events-sample.hGeunSik Lim
Default directory of debug filesystem for ftrace is /sys/kernel/debug/. Signed-off-by: GeunSik Lim <geunsik.lim@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2009-07-13tracing/events: Move TRACE_SYSTEM outside of include guardLi Zefan
If TRACE_INCLDUE_FILE is defined, <trace/events/TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE.h> will be included and compiled, otherwise it will be <trace/events/TRACE_SYSTEM.h> So TRACE_SYSTEM should be defined outside of #if proctection, just like TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE. Imaging this scenario: #include <trace/events/foo.h> -> TRACE_SYSTEM == foo ... #include <trace/events/bar.h> -> TRACE_SYSTEM == bar ... #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS #include <trace/events/foo.h> -> TRACE_SYSTEM == bar !!! and then bar.h will be included and compiled. Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <4A5A9CF1.2010007@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-06-16tracing: update sample event documentationSteven Rostedt
The comments in the sample code is a bit confusing. This patch cleans them up a little. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-05-06tracing: update sample with TRACE_INCLUDE_FILESteven Rostedt
When creating trace events for ftrace, the header file with the TRACE_EVENT macros must also have a macro called TRACE_SYSTEM. This macro describes the name of the system the TRACE_EVENTS are defined for. It also doubles as a way for the define_trace.h file to include the file that included it. For example: in irq.h #define TRACE_SYSTEM irq [...] #include <trace/define_trace.h> The define_trace will use TRACE_SYSTEM to include irq.h. But if the name of the trace system does not match the name of the trace header file, one can override it with: Which will change define_trace.h to inclued foo_trace.h instead of foo.h The sample comments this, but people that use the sample code will more likely use the code and not read the comments. This patch changes the sample code to use the TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE to better show developers how to use it. [ Impact: make sample less confusing to developers ] Reported-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-04-14tracing/events: add trace-events-sampleSteven Rostedt
This patch adds a sample to the samples directory on how to create and use TRACE_EVENT trace points. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>