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-rw-r--r--Documentation/PCI/MSI-HOWTO.txt86
1 files changed, 84 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/PCI/MSI-HOWTO.txt b/Documentation/PCI/MSI-HOWTO.txt
index 96ee5eb9d4d4..10a93696e55a 100644
--- a/Documentation/PCI/MSI-HOWTO.txt
+++ b/Documentation/PCI/MSI-HOWTO.txt
@@ -159,6 +159,11 @@ static int foo_driver_enable_msi(struct pci_dev *pdev, int nvec)
return pci_enable_msi_range(pdev, nvec, nvec);
}
+Note, unlike pci_enable_msi_exact() function, which could be also used to
+enable a particular number of MSI-X interrupts, pci_enable_msi_range()
+returns either a negative errno or 'nvec' (not negative errno or 0 - as
+pci_enable_msi_exact() does).
+
4.2.1.3 Single MSI mode
The most notorious example of the request type described above is
@@ -175,7 +180,22 @@ enable the single MSI mode, pci_enable_msi_range() returns either a
negative errno or 1 (not negative errno or 0 - as pci_enable_msi()
does).
-4.2.3 pci_disable_msi
+4.2.3 pci_enable_msi_exact
+
+int pci_enable_msi_exact(struct pci_dev *dev, int nvec)
+
+This variation on pci_enable_msi_range() call allows a device driver to
+request exactly 'nvec' MSIs.
+
+If this function returns a negative number, it indicates an error and
+the driver should not attempt to request any more MSI interrupts for
+this device.
+
+By contrast with pci_enable_msi_range() function, pci_enable_msi_exact()
+returns zero in case of success, which indicates MSI interrupts have been
+successfully allocated.
+
+4.2.4 pci_disable_msi
void pci_disable_msi(struct pci_dev *dev)
@@ -303,6 +323,11 @@ static int foo_driver_enable_msix(struct foo_adapter *adapter, int nvec)
nvec, nvec);
}
+Note, unlike pci_enable_msix_exact() function, which could be also used to
+enable a particular number of MSI-X interrupts, pci_enable_msix_range()
+returns either a negative errno or 'nvec' (not negative errno or 0 - as
+pci_enable_msix_exact() does).
+
4.3.1.3 Specific requirements to the number of MSI-X interrupts
As noted above, there could be devices that can not operate with just any
@@ -349,7 +374,64 @@ Note how pci_enable_msix_range() return value is analized for a fallback -
any error code other than -ENOSPC indicates a fatal error and should not
be retried.
-4.3.2 pci_disable_msix
+4.3.2 pci_enable_msix_exact
+
+int pci_enable_msix_exact(struct pci_dev *dev,
+ struct msix_entry *entries, int nvec)
+
+This variation on pci_enable_msix_range() call allows a device driver to
+request exactly 'nvec' MSI-Xs.
+
+If this function returns a negative number, it indicates an error and
+the driver should not attempt to allocate any more MSI-X interrupts for
+this device.
+
+By contrast with pci_enable_msix_range() function, pci_enable_msix_exact()
+returns zero in case of success, which indicates MSI-X interrupts have been
+successfully allocated.
+
+Another version of a routine that enables MSI-X mode for a device with
+specific requirements described in chapter 4.3.1.3 might look like this:
+
+/*
+ * Assume 'minvec' and 'maxvec' are non-zero
+ */
+static int foo_driver_enable_msix(struct foo_adapter *adapter,
+ int minvec, int maxvec)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ minvec = roundup_pow_of_two(minvec);
+ maxvec = rounddown_pow_of_two(maxvec);
+
+ if (minvec > maxvec)
+ return -ERANGE;
+
+retry:
+ rc = pci_enable_msix_exact(adapter->pdev,
+ adapter->msix_entries, maxvec);
+
+ /*
+ * -ENOSPC is the only error code allowed to be analyzed
+ */
+ if (rc == -ENOSPC) {
+ if (maxvec == 1)
+ return -ENOSPC;
+
+ maxvec /= 2;
+
+ if (minvec > maxvec)
+ return -ENOSPC;
+
+ goto retry;
+ } else if (rc < 0) {
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ return maxvec;
+}
+
+4.3.3 pci_disable_msix
void pci_disable_msix(struct pci_dev *dev)