path: root/mm
diff options
authorDavid Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>2018-10-30 15:10:29 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2018-10-31 08:54:17 -0700
commit381eab4a6ee81266f8dddc62e57376c7e584e5b8 (patch)
treedf4cf8ea76a7d8d85f13576bb95a75ec6b974612 /mm
parent8df1d0e4a265f25dc1e7e7624ccdbcb4a6630c89 (diff)
mm/memory_hotplug: fix online/offline_pages called w.o. mem_hotplug_lock
There seem to be some problems as result of 30467e0b3be ("mm, hotplug: fix concurrent memory hot-add deadlock"), which tried to fix a possible lock inversion reported and discussed in [1] due to the two locks a) device_lock() b) mem_hotplug_lock While add_memory() first takes b), followed by a) during bus_probe_device(), onlining of memory from user space first took a), followed by b), exposing a possible deadlock. In [1], and it was decided to not make use of device_hotplug_lock, but rather to enforce a locking order. The problems I spotted related to this: 1. Memory block device attributes: While .state first calls mem_hotplug_begin() and the calls device_online() - which takes device_lock() - .online does no longer call mem_hotplug_begin(), so effectively calls online_pages() without mem_hotplug_lock. 2. device_online() should be called under device_hotplug_lock, however onlining memory during add_memory() does not take care of that. In addition, I think there is also something wrong about the locking in 3. arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/memtrace.c calls offline_pages() without locks. This was introduced after 30467e0b3be. And skimming over the code, I assume it could need some more care in regards to locking (e.g. device_online() called without device_hotplug_lock. This will be addressed in the following patches. Now that we hold the device_hotplug_lock when - adding memory (e.g. via add_memory()/add_memory_resource()) - removing memory (e.g. via remove_memory()) - device_online()/device_offline() We can move mem_hotplug_lock usage back into online_pages()/offline_pages(). Why is mem_hotplug_lock still needed? Essentially to make get_online_mems()/put_online_mems() be very fast (relying on device_hotplug_lock would be very slow), and to serialize against addition of memory that does not create memory block devices (hmm). [1] http://driverdev.linuxdriverproject.org/pipermail/ driverdev-devel/ 2015-February/065324.html This patch is partly based on a patch by Vitaly Kuznetsov. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180925091457.28651-4-david@redhat.com Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com> Reviewed-by: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net> Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: "K. Y. Srinivasan" <kys@microsoft.com> Cc: Haiyang Zhang <haiyangz@microsoft.com> Cc: Stephen Hemminger <sthemmin@microsoft.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Cc: Rashmica Gupta <rashmica.g@gmail.com> Cc: Michael Neuling <mikey@neuling.org> Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com> Cc: Kate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Philippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com> Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pavel.tatashin@microsoft.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> Cc: YASUAKI ISHIMATSU <yasu.isimatu@gmail.com> Cc: Mathieu Malaterre <malat@debian.org> Cc: John Allen <jallen@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
1 files changed, 20 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
index 39cc887bbdcc..61972da38d93 100644
--- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
+++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
@@ -838,7 +838,6 @@ static struct zone * __meminit move_pfn_range(int online_type, int nid,
return zone;
-/* Must be protected by mem_hotplug_begin() or a device_lock */
int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_type)
unsigned long flags;
@@ -850,6 +849,8 @@ int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ
struct memory_notify arg;
struct memory_block *mem;
+ mem_hotplug_begin();
* We can't use pfn_to_nid() because nid might be stored in struct page
* which is not yet initialized. Instead, we find nid from memory block.
@@ -914,6 +915,7 @@ int __ref online_pages(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages, int online_typ
if (onlined_pages)
memory_notify(MEM_ONLINE, &arg);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return 0;
@@ -921,6 +923,7 @@ failed_addition:
(unsigned long long) pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
(((unsigned long long) pfn + nr_pages) << PAGE_SHIFT) - 1);
memory_notify(MEM_CANCEL_ONLINE, &arg);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return ret;
@@ -1125,20 +1128,20 @@ int __ref add_memory_resource(int nid, struct resource *res, bool online)
/* create new memmap entry */
firmware_map_add_hotplug(start, start + size, "System RAM");
+ /* device_online() will take the lock when calling online_pages() */
+ mem_hotplug_done();
/* online pages if requested */
if (online)
walk_memory_range(PFN_DOWN(start), PFN_UP(start + size - 1),
NULL, online_memory_block);
- goto out;
+ return ret;
/* rollback pgdat allocation and others */
if (new_node)
memblock_remove(start, size);
return ret;
@@ -1555,10 +1558,16 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
return -EINVAL;
if (!IS_ALIGNED(end_pfn, pageblock_nr_pages))
return -EINVAL;
+ mem_hotplug_begin();
/* This makes hotplug much easier...and readable.
we assume this for now. .*/
- if (!test_pages_in_a_zone(start_pfn, end_pfn, &valid_start, &valid_end))
+ if (!test_pages_in_a_zone(start_pfn, end_pfn, &valid_start,
+ &valid_end)) {
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return -EINVAL;
+ }
zone = page_zone(pfn_to_page(valid_start));
node = zone_to_nid(zone);
@@ -1567,8 +1576,10 @@ static int __ref __offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn,
/* set above range as isolated */
ret = start_isolate_page_range(start_pfn, end_pfn,
- if (ret)
+ if (ret) {
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return ret;
+ }
arg.start_pfn = start_pfn;
arg.nr_pages = nr_pages;
@@ -1639,6 +1650,7 @@ repeat:
memory_notify(MEM_OFFLINE, &arg);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return 0;
@@ -1648,10 +1660,10 @@ failed_removal:
memory_notify(MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE, &arg);
/* pushback to free area */
undo_isolate_page_range(start_pfn, end_pfn, MIGRATE_MOVABLE);
+ mem_hotplug_done();
return ret;
-/* Must be protected by mem_hotplug_begin() or a device_lock */
int offline_pages(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
return __offline_pages(start_pfn, start_pfn + nr_pages);