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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-09-28 08:14:15 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2019-09-28 08:14:15 -0700
commitaefcf2f4b58155d27340ba5f9ddbe9513da8286d (patch)
treea8ae994ca71b2e43e3075c796165e5ed62e28e42 /kernel
parentf1f2f614d535564992f32e720739cb53cf03489f (diff)
parent45893a0abee6b5fd52994a3a1095735aeaec472b (diff)
downloadlinux-aefcf2f4b58155d27340ba5f9ddbe9513da8286d.tar.gz
Merge branch 'next-lockdown' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security
Pull kernel lockdown mode from James Morris: "This is the latest iteration of the kernel lockdown patchset, from Matthew Garrett, David Howells and others. From the original description: This patchset introduces an optional kernel lockdown feature, intended to strengthen the boundary between UID 0 and the kernel. When enabled, various pieces of kernel functionality are restricted. Applications that rely on low-level access to either hardware or the kernel may cease working as a result - therefore this should not be enabled without appropriate evaluation beforehand. The majority of mainstream distributions have been carrying variants of this patchset for many years now, so there's value in providing a doesn't meet every distribution requirement, but gets us much closer to not requiring external patches. There are two major changes since this was last proposed for mainline: - Separating lockdown from EFI secure boot. Background discussion is covered here: https://lwn.net/Articles/751061/ - Implementation as an LSM, with a default stackable lockdown LSM module. This allows the lockdown feature to be policy-driven, rather than encoding an implicit policy within the mechanism. The new locked_down LSM hook is provided to allow LSMs to make a policy decision around whether kernel functionality that would allow tampering with or examining the runtime state of the kernel should be permitted. The included lockdown LSM provides an implementation with a simple policy intended for general purpose use. This policy provides a coarse level of granularity, controllable via the kernel command line: lockdown={integrity|confidentiality} Enable the kernel lockdown feature. If set to integrity, kernel features that allow userland to modify the running kernel are disabled. If set to confidentiality, kernel features that allow userland to extract confidential information from the kernel are also disabled. This may also be controlled via /sys/kernel/security/lockdown and overriden by kernel configuration. New or existing LSMs may implement finer-grained controls of the lockdown features. Refer to the lockdown_reason documentation in include/linux/security.h for details. The lockdown feature has had signficant design feedback and review across many subsystems. This code has been in linux-next for some weeks, with a few fixes applied along the way. Stephen Rothwell noted that commit 9d1f8be5cf42 ("bpf: Restrict bpf when kernel lockdown is in confidentiality mode") is missing a Signed-off-by from its author. Matthew responded that he is providing this under category (c) of the DCO" * 'next-lockdown' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jmorris/linux-security: (31 commits) kexec: Fix file verification on S390 security: constify some arrays in lockdown LSM lockdown: Print current->comm in restriction messages efi: Restrict efivar_ssdt_load when the kernel is locked down tracefs: Restrict tracefs when the kernel is locked down debugfs: Restrict debugfs when the kernel is locked down kexec: Allow kexec_file() with appropriate IMA policy when locked down lockdown: Lock down perf when in confidentiality mode bpf: Restrict bpf when kernel lockdown is in confidentiality mode lockdown: Lock down tracing and perf kprobes when in confidentiality mode lockdown: Lock down /proc/kcore x86/mmiotrace: Lock down the testmmiotrace module lockdown: Lock down module params that specify hardware parameters (eg. ioport) lockdown: Lock down TIOCSSERIAL lockdown: Prohibit PCMCIA CIS storage when the kernel is locked down acpi: Disable ACPI table override if the kernel is locked down acpi: Ignore acpi_rsdp kernel param when the kernel has been locked down ACPI: Limit access to custom_method when the kernel is locked down x86/msr: Restrict MSR access when the kernel is locked down x86: Lock down IO port access when the kernel is locked down ...
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/events/core.c7
-rw-r--r--kernel/kexec.c8
-rw-r--r--kernel/kexec_file.c68
-rw-r--r--kernel/module.c37
-rw-r--r--kernel/params.c21
-rw-r--r--kernel/power/hibernate.c3
-rw-r--r--kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c10
-rw-r--r--kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c5
8 files changed, 137 insertions, 22 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/events/core.c b/kernel/events/core.c
index 275eae05af20..4655adbbae10 100644
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -10917,6 +10917,13 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(perf_event_open,
perf_paranoid_kernel() && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EACCES;
+ err = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_PERF);
+ if (err && (attr.sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_INTR))
+ /* REGS_INTR can leak data, lockdown must prevent this */
+ return err;
+
+ err = 0;
+
/*
* In cgroup mode, the pid argument is used to pass the fd
* opened to the cgroup directory in cgroupfs. The cpu argument
diff --git a/kernel/kexec.c b/kernel/kexec.c
index 1b018f1a6e0d..bc933c0db9bf 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec.c
@@ -206,6 +206,14 @@ static inline int kexec_load_check(unsigned long nr_segments,
return result;
/*
+ * kexec can be used to circumvent module loading restrictions, so
+ * prevent loading in that case
+ */
+ result = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_KEXEC);
+ if (result)
+ return result;
+
+ /*
* Verify we have a legal set of flags
* This leaves us room for future extensions.
*/
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_file.c b/kernel/kexec_file.c
index b8cc032d5620..79f252af7dee 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_file.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_file.c
@@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ int __weak arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
return kexec_image_post_load_cleanup_default(image);
}
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG
static int kexec_image_verify_sig_default(struct kimage *image, void *buf,
unsigned long buf_len)
{
@@ -177,6 +177,59 @@ void kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(struct kimage *image)
image->image_loader_data = NULL;
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG
+static int
+kimage_validate_signature(struct kimage *image)
+{
+ const char *reason;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(image, image->kernel_buf,
+ image->kernel_buf_len);
+ switch (ret) {
+ case 0:
+ break;
+
+ /* Certain verification errors are non-fatal if we're not
+ * checking errors, provided we aren't mandating that there
+ * must be a valid signature.
+ */
+ case -ENODATA:
+ reason = "kexec of unsigned image";
+ goto decide;
+ case -ENOPKG:
+ reason = "kexec of image with unsupported crypto";
+ goto decide;
+ case -ENOKEY:
+ reason = "kexec of image with unavailable key";
+ decide:
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG_FORCE)) {
+ pr_notice("%s rejected\n", reason);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* If IMA is guaranteed to appraise a signature on the kexec
+ * image, permit it even if the kernel is otherwise locked
+ * down.
+ */
+ if (!ima_appraise_signature(READING_KEXEC_IMAGE) &&
+ security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_KEXEC))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ return 0;
+
+ /* All other errors are fatal, including nomem, unparseable
+ * signatures and signature check failures - even if signatures
+ * aren't required.
+ */
+ default:
+ pr_notice("kernel signature verification failed (%d).\n", ret);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* In file mode list of segments is prepared by kernel. Copy relevant
* data from user space, do error checking, prepare segment list
@@ -186,7 +239,7 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
const char __user *cmdline_ptr,
unsigned long cmdline_len, unsigned flags)
{
- int ret = 0;
+ int ret;
void *ldata;
loff_t size;
@@ -202,14 +255,11 @@ kimage_file_prepare_segments(struct kimage *image, int kernel_fd, int initrd_fd,
if (ret)
goto out;
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_VERIFY_SIG
- ret = arch_kexec_kernel_verify_sig(image, image->kernel_buf,
- image->kernel_buf_len);
- if (ret) {
- pr_debug("kernel signature verification failed.\n");
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_SIG
+ ret = kimage_validate_signature(image);
+
+ if (ret)
goto out;
- }
- pr_debug("kernel signature verification successful.\n");
#endif
/* It is possible that there no initramfs is being loaded */
if (!(flags & KEXEC_FILE_NO_INITRAMFS)) {
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index edbe42755a27..ff2d7359a418 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -2839,8 +2839,9 @@ static inline void kmemleak_load_module(const struct module *mod,
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG
static int module_sig_check(struct load_info *info, int flags)
{
- int err = -ENOKEY;
+ int err = -ENODATA;
const unsigned long markerlen = sizeof(MODULE_SIG_STRING) - 1;
+ const char *reason;
const void *mod = info->hdr;
/*
@@ -2855,16 +2856,38 @@ static int module_sig_check(struct load_info *info, int flags)
err = mod_verify_sig(mod, info);
}
- if (!err) {
+ switch (err) {
+ case 0:
info->sig_ok = true;
return 0;
- }
- /* Not having a signature is only an error if we're strict. */
- if (err == -ENOKEY && !is_module_sig_enforced())
- err = 0;
+ /* We don't permit modules to be loaded into trusted kernels
+ * without a valid signature on them, but if we're not
+ * enforcing, certain errors are non-fatal.
+ */
+ case -ENODATA:
+ reason = "Loading of unsigned module";
+ goto decide;
+ case -ENOPKG:
+ reason = "Loading of module with unsupported crypto";
+ goto decide;
+ case -ENOKEY:
+ reason = "Loading of module with unavailable key";
+ decide:
+ if (is_module_sig_enforced()) {
+ pr_notice("%s is rejected\n", reason);
+ return -EKEYREJECTED;
+ }
- return err;
+ return security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_MODULE_SIGNATURE);
+
+ /* All other errors are fatal, including nomem, unparseable
+ * signatures and signature check failures - even if signatures
+ * aren't required.
+ */
+ default:
+ return err;
+ }
}
#else /* !CONFIG_MODULE_SIG */
static int module_sig_check(struct load_info *info, int flags)
diff --git a/kernel/params.c b/kernel/params.c
index cf448785d058..8e56f8b12d8f 100644
--- a/kernel/params.c
+++ b/kernel/params.c
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
/* Protects all built-in parameters, modules use their own param_lock */
@@ -96,13 +97,19 @@ bool parameq(const char *a, const char *b)
return parameqn(a, b, strlen(a)+1);
}
-static void param_check_unsafe(const struct kernel_param *kp)
+static bool param_check_unsafe(const struct kernel_param *kp)
{
+ if (kp->flags & KERNEL_PARAM_FL_HWPARAM &&
+ security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_MODULE_PARAMETERS))
+ return false;
+
if (kp->flags & KERNEL_PARAM_FL_UNSAFE) {
pr_notice("Setting dangerous option %s - tainting kernel\n",
kp->name);
add_taint(TAINT_USER, LOCKDEP_STILL_OK);
}
+
+ return true;
}
static int parse_one(char *param,
@@ -132,8 +139,10 @@ static int parse_one(char *param,
pr_debug("handling %s with %p\n", param,
params[i].ops->set);
kernel_param_lock(params[i].mod);
- param_check_unsafe(&params[i]);
- err = params[i].ops->set(val, &params[i]);
+ if (param_check_unsafe(&params[i]))
+ err = params[i].ops->set(val, &params[i]);
+ else
+ err = -EPERM;
kernel_param_unlock(params[i].mod);
return err;
}
@@ -553,8 +562,10 @@ static ssize_t param_attr_store(struct module_attribute *mattr,
return -EPERM;
kernel_param_lock(mk->mod);
- param_check_unsafe(attribute->param);
- err = attribute->param->ops->set(buf, attribute->param);
+ if (param_check_unsafe(attribute->param))
+ err = attribute->param->ops->set(buf, attribute->param);
+ else
+ err = -EPERM;
kernel_param_unlock(mk->mod);
if (!err)
return len;
diff --git a/kernel/power/hibernate.c b/kernel/power/hibernate.c
index cd7434e6000d..3c0a5a8170b0 100644
--- a/kernel/power/hibernate.c
+++ b/kernel/power/hibernate.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/genhd.h>
#include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <trace/events/power.h>
#include "power.h"
@@ -68,7 +69,7 @@ static const struct platform_hibernation_ops *hibernation_ops;
bool hibernation_available(void)
{
- return (nohibernate == 0);
+ return nohibernate == 0 && !security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_HIBERNATION);
}
/**
diff --git a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
index ca1255d14576..492a8bfaae98 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/bpf_trace.c
@@ -142,8 +142,13 @@ BPF_CALL_3(bpf_probe_read, void *, dst, u32, size, const void *, unsafe_ptr)
{
int ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_BPF_READ);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
ret = probe_kernel_read(dst, unsafe_ptr, size);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
+out:
memset(dst, 0, size);
return ret;
@@ -569,6 +574,10 @@ BPF_CALL_3(bpf_probe_read_str, void *, dst, u32, size,
{
int ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_BPF_READ);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
/*
* The strncpy_from_unsafe() call will likely not fill the entire
* buffer, but that's okay in this circumstance as we're probing
@@ -580,6 +589,7 @@ BPF_CALL_3(bpf_probe_read_str, void *, dst, u32, size,
*/
ret = strncpy_from_unsafe(dst, unsafe_ptr, size);
if (unlikely(ret < 0))
+out:
memset(dst, 0, size);
return ret;
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
index 402dc3ce88d3..324ffbea3556 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/error-injection.h>
+#include <linux/security.h>
#include <asm/setup.h> /* for COMMAND_LINE_SIZE */
@@ -460,6 +461,10 @@ static int __register_trace_kprobe(struct trace_kprobe *tk)
{
int i, ret;
+ ret = security_locked_down(LOCKDOWN_KPROBES);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
if (trace_kprobe_is_registered(tk))
return -EINVAL;