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authorJoe Thornber <ejt@redhat.com>2014-10-06 16:30:06 -0400
committerMike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>2014-11-10 15:25:26 -0500
commita195db2d29a47c2c3a61386009bd400df18c86cf (patch)
tree17f9c41a52fa28c6a03840a0df24a3781c280217 /drivers
parent33096a7822de63bc7dbdd090870b656a0304fa35 (diff)
downloadlinux-a195db2d29a47c2c3a61386009bd400df18c86cf.tar.gz
dm bio prison: switch to using a red black tree
Previously it was using a fixed sized hash table. There are times when very many concurrent cells are held (such as when processing a very large discard). When this happens the hash table performance becomes very poor. Signed-off-by: Joe Thornber <ejt@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers')
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.c172
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.h7
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-cache-target.c3
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-thin.c3
4 files changed, 79 insertions, 106 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.c b/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.c
index f752d12081ff..90a56625245a 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.c
@@ -14,68 +14,38 @@
/*----------------------------------------------------------------*/
-struct bucket {
- spinlock_t lock;
- struct hlist_head cells;
-};
+#define MIN_CELLS 1024
struct dm_bio_prison {
+ spinlock_t lock;
mempool_t *cell_pool;
-
- unsigned nr_buckets;
- unsigned hash_mask;
- struct bucket *buckets;
+ struct rb_root cells;
};
-/*----------------------------------------------------------------*/
-
-static uint32_t calc_nr_buckets(unsigned nr_cells)
-{
- uint32_t n = 128;
-
- nr_cells /= 4;
- nr_cells = min(nr_cells, 8192u);
-
- while (n < nr_cells)
- n <<= 1;
-
- return n;
-}
-
static struct kmem_cache *_cell_cache;
-static void init_bucket(struct bucket *b)
-{
- spin_lock_init(&b->lock);
- INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&b->cells);
-}
+/*----------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*
* @nr_cells should be the number of cells you want in use _concurrently_.
* Don't confuse it with the number of distinct keys.
*/
-struct dm_bio_prison *dm_bio_prison_create(unsigned nr_cells)
+struct dm_bio_prison *dm_bio_prison_create(void)
{
- unsigned i;
- uint32_t nr_buckets = calc_nr_buckets(nr_cells);
- size_t len = sizeof(struct dm_bio_prison) +
- (sizeof(struct bucket) * nr_buckets);
- struct dm_bio_prison *prison = kmalloc(len, GFP_KERNEL);
+ struct dm_bio_prison *prison = kmalloc(sizeof(*prison), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!prison)
return NULL;
- prison->cell_pool = mempool_create_slab_pool(nr_cells, _cell_cache);
+ spin_lock_init(&prison->lock);
+
+ prison->cell_pool = mempool_create_slab_pool(MIN_CELLS, _cell_cache);
if (!prison->cell_pool) {
kfree(prison);
return NULL;
}
- prison->nr_buckets = nr_buckets;
- prison->hash_mask = nr_buckets - 1;
- prison->buckets = (struct bucket *) (prison + 1);
- for (i = 0; i < nr_buckets; i++)
- init_bucket(prison->buckets + i);
+ prison->cells = RB_ROOT;
return prison;
}
@@ -101,68 +71,73 @@ void dm_bio_prison_free_cell(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dm_bio_prison_free_cell);
-static uint32_t hash_key(struct dm_bio_prison *prison, struct dm_cell_key *key)
+static void __setup_new_cell(struct dm_cell_key *key,
+ struct bio *holder,
+ struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell)
{
- const unsigned long BIG_PRIME = 4294967291UL;
- uint64_t hash = key->block * BIG_PRIME;
-
- return (uint32_t) (hash & prison->hash_mask);
+ memcpy(&cell->key, key, sizeof(cell->key));
+ cell->holder = holder;
+ bio_list_init(&cell->bios);
}
-static int keys_equal(struct dm_cell_key *lhs, struct dm_cell_key *rhs)
+static int cmp_keys(struct dm_cell_key *lhs,
+ struct dm_cell_key *rhs)
{
- return (lhs->virtual == rhs->virtual) &&
- (lhs->dev == rhs->dev) &&
- (lhs->block == rhs->block);
-}
+ if (lhs->virtual < rhs->virtual)
+ return -1;
-static struct bucket *get_bucket(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
- struct dm_cell_key *key)
-{
- return prison->buckets + hash_key(prison, key);
-}
+ if (lhs->virtual > rhs->virtual)
+ return 1;
-static struct dm_bio_prison_cell *__search_bucket(struct bucket *b,
- struct dm_cell_key *key)
-{
- struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell;
+ if (lhs->dev < rhs->dev)
+ return -1;
- hlist_for_each_entry(cell, &b->cells, list)
- if (keys_equal(&cell->key, key))
- return cell;
+ if (lhs->dev > rhs->dev)
+ return 1;
- return NULL;
-}
+ if (lhs->block < rhs->block)
+ return -1;
-static void __setup_new_cell(struct bucket *b,
- struct dm_cell_key *key,
- struct bio *holder,
- struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell)
-{
- memcpy(&cell->key, key, sizeof(cell->key));
- cell->holder = holder;
- bio_list_init(&cell->bios);
- hlist_add_head(&cell->list, &b->cells);
+ if (lhs->block > rhs->block)
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
}
-static int __bio_detain(struct bucket *b,
+static int __bio_detain(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
struct dm_cell_key *key,
struct bio *inmate,
struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell_prealloc,
struct dm_bio_prison_cell **cell_result)
{
- struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell;
-
- cell = __search_bucket(b, key);
- if (cell) {
- if (inmate)
- bio_list_add(&cell->bios, inmate);
- *cell_result = cell;
- return 1;
+ int r;
+ struct rb_node **new = &prison->cells.rb_node, *parent = NULL;
+
+ while (*new) {
+ struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell =
+ container_of(*new, struct dm_bio_prison_cell, node);
+
+ r = cmp_keys(key, &cell->key);
+
+ parent = *new;
+ if (r < 0)
+ new = &((*new)->rb_left);
+ else if (r > 0)
+ new = &((*new)->rb_right);
+ else {
+ if (inmate)
+ bio_list_add(&cell->bios, inmate);
+ *cell_result = cell;
+ return 1;
+ }
}
- __setup_new_cell(b, key, inmate, cell_prealloc);
+ __setup_new_cell(key, inmate, cell_prealloc);
*cell_result = cell_prealloc;
+
+ rb_link_node(&cell_prealloc->node, parent, new);
+ rb_insert_color(&cell_prealloc->node, &prison->cells);
+
return 0;
}
@@ -174,11 +149,10 @@ static int bio_detain(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
{
int r;
unsigned long flags;
- struct bucket *b = get_bucket(prison, key);
- spin_lock_irqsave(&b->lock, flags);
- r = __bio_detain(b, key, inmate, cell_prealloc, cell_result);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b->lock, flags);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&prison->lock, flags);
+ r = __bio_detain(prison, key, inmate, cell_prealloc, cell_result);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&prison->lock, flags);
return r;
}
@@ -205,10 +179,11 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dm_get_cell);
/*
* @inmates must have been initialised prior to this call
*/
-static void __cell_release(struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell,
+static void __cell_release(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
+ struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell,
struct bio_list *inmates)
{
- hlist_del(&cell->list);
+ rb_erase(&cell->node, &prison->cells);
if (inmates) {
if (cell->holder)
@@ -222,21 +197,21 @@ void dm_cell_release(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
struct bio_list *bios)
{
unsigned long flags;
- struct bucket *b = get_bucket(prison, &cell->key);
- spin_lock_irqsave(&b->lock, flags);
- __cell_release(cell, bios);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b->lock, flags);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&prison->lock, flags);
+ __cell_release(prison, cell, bios);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&prison->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dm_cell_release);
/*
* Sometimes we don't want the holder, just the additional bios.
*/
-static void __cell_release_no_holder(struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell,
+static void __cell_release_no_holder(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
+ struct dm_bio_prison_cell *cell,
struct bio_list *inmates)
{
- hlist_del(&cell->list);
+ rb_erase(&cell->node, &prison->cells);
bio_list_merge(inmates, &cell->bios);
}
@@ -245,11 +220,10 @@ void dm_cell_release_no_holder(struct dm_bio_prison *prison,
struct bio_list *inmates)
{
unsigned long flags;
- struct bucket *b = get_bucket(prison, &cell->key);
- spin_lock_irqsave(&b->lock, flags);
- __cell_release_no_holder(cell, inmates);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&b->lock, flags);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&prison->lock, flags);
+ __cell_release_no_holder(prison, cell, inmates);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&prison->lock, flags);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dm_cell_release_no_holder);
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.h b/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.h
index 6805a142b750..997a43960e77 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.h
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-bio-prison.h
@@ -10,8 +10,8 @@
#include "persistent-data/dm-block-manager.h" /* FIXME: for dm_block_t */
#include "dm-thin-metadata.h" /* FIXME: for dm_thin_id */
-#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
/*----------------------------------------------------------------*/
@@ -35,13 +35,14 @@ struct dm_cell_key {
* themselves.
*/
struct dm_bio_prison_cell {
- struct hlist_node list;
+ struct rb_node node;
+
struct dm_cell_key key;
struct bio *holder;
struct bio_list bios;
};
-struct dm_bio_prison *dm_bio_prison_create(unsigned nr_cells);
+struct dm_bio_prison *dm_bio_prison_create(void);
void dm_bio_prison_destroy(struct dm_bio_prison *prison);
/*
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-cache-target.c b/drivers/md/dm-cache-target.c
index 7130505c2425..69de8b43ca12 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-cache-target.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-cache-target.c
@@ -95,7 +95,6 @@ static void dm_unhook_bio(struct dm_hook_info *h, struct bio *bio)
/*----------------------------------------------------------------*/
-#define PRISON_CELLS 1024
#define MIGRATION_POOL_SIZE 128
#define COMMIT_PERIOD HZ
#define MIGRATION_COUNT_WINDOW 10
@@ -2327,7 +2326,7 @@ static int cache_create(struct cache_args *ca, struct cache **result)
INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&cache->waker, do_waker);
cache->last_commit_jiffies = jiffies;
- cache->prison = dm_bio_prison_create(PRISON_CELLS);
+ cache->prison = dm_bio_prison_create();
if (!cache->prison) {
*error = "could not create bio prison";
goto bad;
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-thin.c b/drivers/md/dm-thin.c
index 0f86d802b533..eecfe7495232 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-thin.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-thin.c
@@ -25,7 +25,6 @@
*/
#define ENDIO_HOOK_POOL_SIZE 1024
#define MAPPING_POOL_SIZE 1024
-#define PRISON_CELLS 1024
#define COMMIT_PERIOD HZ
#define NO_SPACE_TIMEOUT_SECS 60
@@ -2193,7 +2192,7 @@ static struct pool *pool_create(struct mapped_device *pool_md,
pool->sectors_per_block_shift = __ffs(block_size);
pool->low_water_blocks = 0;
pool_features_init(&pool->pf);
- pool->prison = dm_bio_prison_create(PRISON_CELLS);
+ pool->prison = dm_bio_prison_create();
if (!pool->prison) {
*error = "Error creating pool's bio prison";
err_p = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);