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authorBryan Gurney <bgurney@redhat.com>2019-03-07 15:42:39 -0500
committerMike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>2019-04-30 16:37:19 -0400
commite4f3fabd67480bf2ad3f71aa6126ffb8bb7dc712 (patch)
treeea3b0f000f9cc4c03943e35c1eb7d26631aec666 /drivers/md
parentf8011d334426cee77276a1038b627b5cb0470258 (diff)
downloadlinux-e4f3fabd67480bf2ad3f71aa6126ffb8bb7dc712.tar.gz
dm: add dust target
Add the dm-dust target, which simulates the behavior of bad sectors at arbitrary locations, and the ability to enable the emulation of the read failures at an arbitrary time. This target behaves similarly to a linear target. At a given time, the user can send a message to the target to start failing read requests on specific blocks. When the failure behavior is enabled, reads of blocks configured "bad" will fail with EIO. Writes of blocks configured "bad" will result in the following: 1. Remove the block from the "bad block list". 2. Successfully complete the write. After this point, the block will successfully contain the written data, and will service reads and writes normally. This emulates the behavior of a "remapped sector" on a hard disk drive. dm-dust provides logging of which blocks have been added or removed to the "bad block list", as well as logging when a block has been removed from the bad block list. These messages can be used alongside the messages from the driver using a dm-dust device to analyze the driver's behavior when a read fails at a given time. (This logging can be reduced via a "quiet" mode, if desired.) NOTE: If the block size is larger than 512 bytes, only the first sector of each "dust block" is detected. Placing a limiting layer above a dust target, to limit the minimum I/O size to the dust block size, will ensure proper emulation of the given large block size. Signed-off-by: Bryan Gurney <bgurney@redhat.com> Co-developed-by: Joe Shimkus <jshimkus@redhat.com> Co-developed-by: John Dorminy <jdorminy@redhat.com> Co-developed-by: John Pittman <jpittman@redhat.com> Co-developed-by: Thomas Jaskiewicz <tjaskiew@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/md')
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/Kconfig9
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-dust.c515
3 files changed, 525 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/md/Kconfig b/drivers/md/Kconfig
index 2557f198e175..db269a348b20 100644
--- a/drivers/md/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/md/Kconfig
@@ -436,6 +436,15 @@ config DM_DELAY
If unsure, say N.
+config DM_DUST
+ tristate "Bad sector simulation target"
+ depends on BLK_DEV_DM
+ ---help---
+ A target that simulates bad sector behavior.
+ Useful for testing.
+
+ If unsure, say N.
+
config DM_INIT
bool "DM \"dm-mod.create=\" parameter support"
depends on BLK_DEV_DM=y
diff --git a/drivers/md/Makefile b/drivers/md/Makefile
index a52b703e588e..be7a6eb92abc 100644
--- a/drivers/md/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/md/Makefile
@@ -48,6 +48,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_DM_BUFIO) += dm-bufio.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_BIO_PRISON) += dm-bio-prison.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_CRYPT) += dm-crypt.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_DELAY) += dm-delay.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_DM_DUST) += dm-dust.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_FLAKEY) += dm-flakey.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH) += dm-multipath.o dm-round-robin.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DM_MULTIPATH_QL) += dm-queue-length.o
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-dust.c b/drivers/md/dm-dust.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..178587bdc626
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-dust.c
@@ -0,0 +1,515 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2018 Red Hat, Inc.
+ *
+ * This is a test "dust" device, which fails reads on specified
+ * sectors, emulating the behavior of a hard disk drive sending
+ * a "Read Medium Error" sense.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <linux/device-mapper.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+
+#define DM_MSG_PREFIX "dust"
+
+struct badblock {
+ struct rb_node node;
+ sector_t bb;
+};
+
+struct dust_device {
+ struct dm_dev *dev;
+ struct rb_root badblocklist;
+ unsigned long long badblock_count;
+ spinlock_t dust_lock;
+ unsigned int blksz;
+ unsigned int sect_per_block;
+ sector_t start;
+ bool fail_read_on_bb:1;
+ bool quiet_mode:1;
+};
+
+static struct badblock *dust_rb_search(struct rb_root *root, sector_t blk)
+{
+ struct rb_node *node = root->rb_node;
+
+ while (node) {
+ struct badblock *bblk = rb_entry(node, struct badblock, node);
+
+ if (bblk->bb > blk)
+ node = node->rb_left;
+ else if (bblk->bb < blk)
+ node = node->rb_right;
+ else
+ return bblk;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static bool dust_rb_insert(struct rb_root *root, struct badblock *new)
+{
+ struct badblock *bblk;
+ struct rb_node **link = &root->rb_node, *parent = NULL;
+ sector_t value = new->bb;
+
+ while (*link) {
+ parent = *link;
+ bblk = rb_entry(parent, struct badblock, node);
+
+ if (bblk->bb > value)
+ link = &(*link)->rb_left;
+ else if (bblk->bb < value)
+ link = &(*link)->rb_right;
+ else
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ rb_link_node(&new->node, parent, link);
+ rb_insert_color(&new->node, root);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int dust_remove_block(struct dust_device *dd, unsigned long long block)
+{
+ struct badblock *bblock;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ bblock = dust_rb_search(&dd->badblocklist, block * dd->sect_per_block);
+
+ if (bblock == NULL) {
+ if (!dd->quiet_mode) {
+ DMERR("%s: block %llu not found in badblocklist",
+ __func__, block);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ rb_erase(&bblock->node, &dd->badblocklist);
+ dd->badblock_count--;
+ if (!dd->quiet_mode)
+ DMINFO("%s: badblock removed at block %llu", __func__, block);
+ kfree(bblock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dust_add_block(struct dust_device *dd, unsigned long long block)
+{
+ struct badblock *bblock;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ bblock = kmalloc(sizeof(*bblock), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (bblock == NULL) {
+ if (!dd->quiet_mode)
+ DMERR("%s: badblock allocation failed", __func__);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ bblock->bb = block * dd->sect_per_block;
+ if (!dust_rb_insert(&dd->badblocklist, bblock)) {
+ if (!dd->quiet_mode) {
+ DMERR("%s: block %llu already in badblocklist",
+ __func__, block);
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ kfree(bblock);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ dd->badblock_count++;
+ if (!dd->quiet_mode)
+ DMINFO("%s: badblock added at block %llu", __func__, block);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dust_query_block(struct dust_device *dd, unsigned long long block)
+{
+ struct badblock *bblock;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ bblock = dust_rb_search(&dd->badblocklist, block * dd->sect_per_block);
+ if (bblock != NULL)
+ DMINFO("%s: block %llu found in badblocklist", __func__, block);
+ else
+ DMINFO("%s: block %llu not found in badblocklist", __func__, block);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __dust_map_read(struct dust_device *dd, sector_t thisblock)
+{
+ struct badblock *bblk = dust_rb_search(&dd->badblocklist, thisblock);
+
+ if (bblk)
+ return DM_MAPIO_KILL;
+
+ return DM_MAPIO_REMAPPED;
+}
+
+static int dust_map_read(struct dust_device *dd, sector_t thisblock,
+ bool fail_read_on_bb)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int ret = DM_MAPIO_REMAPPED;
+
+ if (fail_read_on_bb) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ ret = __dust_map_read(dd, thisblock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void __dust_map_write(struct dust_device *dd, sector_t thisblock)
+{
+ struct badblock *bblk = dust_rb_search(&dd->badblocklist, thisblock);
+
+ if (bblk) {
+ rb_erase(&bblk->node, &dd->badblocklist);
+ dd->badblock_count--;
+ kfree(bblk);
+ if (!dd->quiet_mode) {
+ sector_div(thisblock, dd->sect_per_block);
+ DMINFO("block %llu removed from badblocklist by write",
+ (unsigned long long)thisblock);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static int dust_map_write(struct dust_device *dd, sector_t thisblock,
+ bool fail_read_on_bb)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ if (fail_read_on_bb) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ __dust_map_write(dd, thisblock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ }
+
+ return DM_MAPIO_REMAPPED;
+}
+
+static int dust_map(struct dm_target *ti, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ struct dust_device *dd = ti->private;
+ int ret;
+
+ bio_set_dev(bio, dd->dev->bdev);
+ bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = dd->start + dm_target_offset(ti, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector);
+
+ if (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ)
+ ret = dust_map_read(dd, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector, dd->fail_read_on_bb);
+ else
+ ret = dust_map_write(dd, bio->bi_iter.bi_sector, dd->fail_read_on_bb);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static bool __dust_clear_badblocks(struct rb_root *tree,
+ unsigned long long count)
+{
+ struct rb_node *node = NULL, *nnode = NULL;
+
+ nnode = rb_first(tree);
+ if (nnode == NULL) {
+ BUG_ON(count != 0);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ while (nnode) {
+ node = nnode;
+ nnode = rb_next(node);
+ rb_erase(node, tree);
+ count--;
+ kfree(node);
+ }
+ BUG_ON(count != 0);
+ BUG_ON(tree->rb_node != NULL);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static int dust_clear_badblocks(struct dust_device *dd)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rb_root badblocklist;
+ unsigned long long badblock_count;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ badblocklist = dd->badblocklist;
+ badblock_count = dd->badblock_count;
+ dd->badblocklist = RB_ROOT;
+ dd->badblock_count = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+
+ if (!__dust_clear_badblocks(&badblocklist, badblock_count))
+ DMINFO("%s: no badblocks found", __func__);
+ else
+ DMINFO("%s: badblocks cleared", __func__);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Target parameters:
+ *
+ * <device_path> <offset> <blksz>
+ *
+ * device_path: path to the block device
+ * offset: offset to data area from start of device_path
+ * blksz: block size (minimum 512, maximum 1073741824, must be a power of 2)
+ */
+static int dust_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ struct dust_device *dd;
+ unsigned long long tmp;
+ char dummy;
+ unsigned int blksz;
+ unsigned int sect_per_block;
+ sector_t DUST_MAX_BLKSZ_SECTORS = 2097152;
+ sector_t max_block_sectors = min(ti->len, DUST_MAX_BLKSZ_SECTORS);
+
+ if (argc != 3) {
+ ti->error = "Invalid argument count";
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (kstrtouint(argv[2], 10, &blksz) || !blksz) {
+ ti->error = "Invalid block size parameter";
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (blksz < 512) {
+ ti->error = "Block size must be at least 512";
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (!is_power_of_2(blksz)) {
+ ti->error = "Block size must be a power of 2";
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (to_sector(blksz) > max_block_sectors) {
+ ti->error = "Block size is too large";
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ sect_per_block = (blksz >> SECTOR_SHIFT);
+
+ if (sscanf(argv[1], "%llu%c", &tmp, &dummy) != 1 || tmp != (sector_t)tmp) {
+ ti->error = "Invalid device offset sector";
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ dd = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dust_device), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (dd == NULL) {
+ ti->error = "Cannot allocate context";
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ if (dm_get_device(ti, argv[0], dm_table_get_mode(ti->table), &dd->dev)) {
+ ti->error = "Device lookup failed";
+ kfree(dd);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ dd->sect_per_block = sect_per_block;
+ dd->blksz = blksz;
+ dd->start = tmp;
+
+ /*
+ * Whether to fail a read on a "bad" block.
+ * Defaults to false; enabled later by message.
+ */
+ dd->fail_read_on_bb = false;
+
+ /*
+ * Initialize bad block list rbtree.
+ */
+ dd->badblocklist = RB_ROOT;
+ dd->badblock_count = 0;
+ spin_lock_init(&dd->dust_lock);
+
+ dd->quiet_mode = false;
+
+ BUG_ON(dm_set_target_max_io_len(ti, dd->sect_per_block) != 0);
+
+ ti->num_discard_bios = 1;
+ ti->num_flush_bios = 1;
+ ti->private = dd;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void dust_dtr(struct dm_target *ti)
+{
+ struct dust_device *dd = ti->private;
+
+ __dust_clear_badblocks(&dd->badblocklist, dd->badblock_count);
+ dm_put_device(ti, dd->dev);
+ kfree(dd);
+}
+
+static int dust_message(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned int argc, char **argv,
+ char *result_buf, unsigned int maxlen)
+{
+ struct dust_device *dd = ti->private;
+ sector_t size = i_size_read(dd->dev->bdev->bd_inode) >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
+ bool invalid_msg = false;
+ int result = -EINVAL;
+ unsigned long long tmp, block;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ char dummy;
+
+ if (argc == 1) {
+ if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "addbadblock") ||
+ !strcasecmp(argv[0], "removebadblock") ||
+ !strcasecmp(argv[0], "queryblock")) {
+ DMERR("%s requires an additional argument", argv[0]);
+ } else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "disable")) {
+ DMINFO("disabling read failures on bad sectors");
+ dd->fail_read_on_bb = false;
+ result = 0;
+ } else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "enable")) {
+ DMINFO("enabling read failures on bad sectors");
+ dd->fail_read_on_bb = true;
+ result = 0;
+ } else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "countbadblocks")) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ DMINFO("countbadblocks: %llu badblock(s) found",
+ dd->badblock_count);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dd->dust_lock, flags);
+ result = 0;
+ } else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "clearbadblocks")) {
+ result = dust_clear_badblocks(dd);
+ } else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "quiet")) {
+ if (!dd->quiet_mode)
+ dd->quiet_mode = true;
+ else
+ dd->quiet_mode = false;
+ result = 0;
+ } else {
+ invalid_msg = true;
+ }
+ } else if (argc == 2) {
+ if (sscanf(argv[1], "%llu%c", &tmp, &dummy) != 1)
+ return result;
+
+ block = tmp;
+ sector_div(size, dd->sect_per_block);
+ if (block > size || block < 0) {
+ DMERR("selected block value out of range");
+ return result;
+ }
+
+ if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "addbadblock"))
+ result = dust_add_block(dd, block);
+ else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "removebadblock"))
+ result = dust_remove_block(dd, block);
+ else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0], "queryblock"))
+ result = dust_query_block(dd, block);
+ else
+ invalid_msg = true;
+
+ } else
+ DMERR("invalid number of arguments '%d'", argc);
+
+ if (invalid_msg)
+ DMERR("unrecognized message '%s' received", argv[0]);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+static void dust_status(struct dm_target *ti, status_type_t type,
+ unsigned int status_flags, char *result, unsigned int maxlen)
+{
+ struct dust_device *dd = ti->private;
+ unsigned int sz = 0;
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case STATUSTYPE_INFO:
+ DMEMIT("%s %s %s", dd->dev->name,
+ dd->fail_read_on_bb ? "fail_read_on_bad_block" : "bypass",
+ dd->quiet_mode ? "quiet" : "verbose");
+ break;
+
+ case STATUSTYPE_TABLE:
+ DMEMIT("%s %llu %u", dd->dev->name,
+ (unsigned long long)dd->start, dd->blksz);
+ break;
+ }
+}
+
+static int dust_prepare_ioctl(struct dm_target *ti, struct block_device **bdev)
+{
+ struct dust_device *dd = ti->private;
+ struct dm_dev *dev = dd->dev;
+
+ *bdev = dev->bdev;
+
+ /*
+ * Only pass ioctls through if the device sizes match exactly.
+ */
+ if (dd->start ||
+ ti->len != i_size_read(dev->bdev->bd_inode) >> SECTOR_SHIFT)
+ return 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dust_iterate_devices(struct dm_target *ti, iterate_devices_callout_fn fn,
+ void *data)
+{
+ struct dust_device *dd = ti->private;
+
+ return fn(ti, dd->dev, dd->start, ti->len, data);
+}
+
+static struct target_type dust_target = {
+ .name = "dust",
+ .version = {1, 0, 0},
+ .module = THIS_MODULE,
+ .ctr = dust_ctr,
+ .dtr = dust_dtr,
+ .iterate_devices = dust_iterate_devices,
+ .map = dust_map,
+ .message = dust_message,
+ .status = dust_status,
+ .prepare_ioctl = dust_prepare_ioctl,
+};
+
+int __init dm_dust_init(void)
+{
+ int result = dm_register_target(&dust_target);
+
+ if (result < 0)
+ DMERR("dm_register_target failed %d", result);
+
+ return result;
+}
+
+void __exit dm_dust_exit(void)
+{
+ dm_unregister_target(&dust_target);
+}
+
+module_init(dm_dust_init);
+module_exit(dm_dust_exit);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DM_NAME " dust test target");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Bryan Gurney <dm-devel@redhat.com>");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");