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authorJosh Boyer <jwboyer@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2007-08-20 07:27:07 -0500
committerJosh Boyer <jwboyer@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2007-08-20 07:27:07 -0500
commit15f6527e8e63e793f8ab1ddce4ed3c487ebd0d42 (patch)
tree50095bd2a42f97fdd6559f27b51c6336a8067d86 /arch/powerpc/kernel/head_40x.S
parenta65517f857bf6657839957617af942a4b631fba5 (diff)
downloadlinux-15f6527e8e63e793f8ab1ddce4ed3c487ebd0d42.tar.gz
[POWERPC] Rename 4xx paths to 40x
4xx is a bit of a misnomer for certain things, as they really apply to PowerPC 40x only. Rename some of the files to clean this up. Signed-off-by: Josh Boyer <jwboyer@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/powerpc/kernel/head_40x.S')
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/head_40x.S1021
1 files changed, 1021 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_40x.S b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_40x.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..adc7f8097cd4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/head_40x.S
@@ -0,0 +1,1021 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 1995-1996 Gary Thomas <gdt@linuxppc.org>
+ * Initial PowerPC version.
+ * Copyright (c) 1996 Cort Dougan <cort@cs.nmt.edu>
+ * Rewritten for PReP
+ * Copyright (c) 1996 Paul Mackerras <paulus@cs.anu.edu.au>
+ * Low-level exception handers, MMU support, and rewrite.
+ * Copyright (c) 1997 Dan Malek <dmalek@jlc.net>
+ * PowerPC 8xx modifications.
+ * Copyright (c) 1998-1999 TiVo, Inc.
+ * PowerPC 403GCX modifications.
+ * Copyright (c) 1999 Grant Erickson <grant@lcse.umn.edu>
+ * PowerPC 403GCX/405GP modifications.
+ * Copyright 2000 MontaVista Software Inc.
+ * PPC405 modifications
+ * PowerPC 403GCX/405GP modifications.
+ * Author: MontaVista Software, Inc.
+ * frank_rowand@mvista.com or source@mvista.com
+ * debbie_chu@mvista.com
+ *
+ *
+ * Module name: head_4xx.S
+ *
+ * Description:
+ * Kernel execution entry point code.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ */
+
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/mmu.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/ibm4xx.h>
+#include <asm/cputable.h>
+#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+#include <asm/ppc_asm.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+
+/* As with the other PowerPC ports, it is expected that when code
+ * execution begins here, the following registers contain valid, yet
+ * optional, information:
+ *
+ * r3 - Board info structure pointer (DRAM, frequency, MAC address, etc.)
+ * r4 - Starting address of the init RAM disk
+ * r5 - Ending address of the init RAM disk
+ * r6 - Start of kernel command line string (e.g. "mem=96m")
+ * r7 - End of kernel command line string
+ *
+ * This is all going to change RSN when we add bi_recs....... -- Dan
+ */
+ .text
+_GLOBAL(_stext)
+_GLOBAL(_start)
+
+ /* Save parameters we are passed.
+ */
+ mr r31,r3
+ mr r30,r4
+ mr r29,r5
+ mr r28,r6
+ mr r27,r7
+
+ /* We have to turn on the MMU right away so we get cache modes
+ * set correctly.
+ */
+ bl initial_mmu
+
+/* We now have the lower 16 Meg mapped into TLB entries, and the caches
+ * ready to work.
+ */
+turn_on_mmu:
+ lis r0,MSR_KERNEL@h
+ ori r0,r0,MSR_KERNEL@l
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR1,r0
+ lis r0,start_here@h
+ ori r0,r0,start_here@l
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR0,r0
+ SYNC
+ rfi /* enables MMU */
+ b . /* prevent prefetch past rfi */
+
+/*
+ * This area is used for temporarily saving registers during the
+ * critical exception prolog.
+ */
+ . = 0xc0
+crit_save:
+_GLOBAL(crit_r10)
+ .space 4
+_GLOBAL(crit_r11)
+ .space 4
+
+/*
+ * Exception vector entry code. This code runs with address translation
+ * turned off (i.e. using physical addresses). We assume SPRG3 has the
+ * physical address of the current task thread_struct.
+ * Note that we have to have decremented r1 before we write to any fields
+ * of the exception frame, since a critical interrupt could occur at any
+ * time, and it will write to the area immediately below the current r1.
+ */
+#define NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG \
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG0,r10; /* save two registers to work with */\
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG1,r11; \
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG2,r1; \
+ mfcr r10; /* save CR in r10 for now */\
+ mfspr r11,SPRN_SRR1; /* check whether user or kernel */\
+ andi. r11,r11,MSR_PR; \
+ beq 1f; \
+ mfspr r1,SPRN_SPRG3; /* if from user, start at top of */\
+ lwz r1,THREAD_INFO-THREAD(r1); /* this thread's kernel stack */\
+ addi r1,r1,THREAD_SIZE; \
+1: subi r1,r1,INT_FRAME_SIZE; /* Allocate an exception frame */\
+ tophys(r11,r1); \
+ stw r10,_CCR(r11); /* save various registers */\
+ stw r12,GPR12(r11); \
+ stw r9,GPR9(r11); \
+ mfspr r10,SPRN_SPRG0; \
+ stw r10,GPR10(r11); \
+ mfspr r12,SPRN_SPRG1; \
+ stw r12,GPR11(r11); \
+ mflr r10; \
+ stw r10,_LINK(r11); \
+ mfspr r10,SPRN_SPRG2; \
+ mfspr r12,SPRN_SRR0; \
+ stw r10,GPR1(r11); \
+ mfspr r9,SPRN_SRR1; \
+ stw r10,0(r11); \
+ rlwinm r9,r9,0,14,12; /* clear MSR_WE (necessary?) */\
+ stw r0,GPR0(r11); \
+ SAVE_4GPRS(3, r11); \
+ SAVE_2GPRS(7, r11)
+
+/*
+ * Exception prolog for critical exceptions. This is a little different
+ * from the normal exception prolog above since a critical exception
+ * can potentially occur at any point during normal exception processing.
+ * Thus we cannot use the same SPRG registers as the normal prolog above.
+ * Instead we use a couple of words of memory at low physical addresses.
+ * This is OK since we don't support SMP on these processors.
+ */
+#define CRITICAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG \
+ stw r10,crit_r10@l(0); /* save two registers to work with */\
+ stw r11,crit_r11@l(0); \
+ mfcr r10; /* save CR in r10 for now */\
+ mfspr r11,SPRN_SRR3; /* check whether user or kernel */\
+ andi. r11,r11,MSR_PR; \
+ lis r11,critical_stack_top@h; \
+ ori r11,r11,critical_stack_top@l; \
+ beq 1f; \
+ /* COMING FROM USER MODE */ \
+ mfspr r11,SPRN_SPRG3; /* if from user, start at top of */\
+ lwz r11,THREAD_INFO-THREAD(r11); /* this thread's kernel stack */\
+ addi r11,r11,THREAD_SIZE; \
+1: subi r11,r11,INT_FRAME_SIZE; /* Allocate an exception frame */\
+ tophys(r11,r11); \
+ stw r10,_CCR(r11); /* save various registers */\
+ stw r12,GPR12(r11); \
+ stw r9,GPR9(r11); \
+ mflr r10; \
+ stw r10,_LINK(r11); \
+ mfspr r12,SPRN_DEAR; /* save DEAR and ESR in the frame */\
+ stw r12,_DEAR(r11); /* since they may have had stuff */\
+ mfspr r9,SPRN_ESR; /* in them at the point where the */\
+ stw r9,_ESR(r11); /* exception was taken */\
+ mfspr r12,SPRN_SRR2; \
+ stw r1,GPR1(r11); \
+ mfspr r9,SPRN_SRR3; \
+ stw r1,0(r11); \
+ tovirt(r1,r11); \
+ rlwinm r9,r9,0,14,12; /* clear MSR_WE (necessary?) */\
+ stw r0,GPR0(r11); \
+ SAVE_4GPRS(3, r11); \
+ SAVE_2GPRS(7, r11)
+
+ /*
+ * State at this point:
+ * r9 saved in stack frame, now saved SRR3 & ~MSR_WE
+ * r10 saved in crit_r10 and in stack frame, trashed
+ * r11 saved in crit_r11 and in stack frame,
+ * now phys stack/exception frame pointer
+ * r12 saved in stack frame, now saved SRR2
+ * CR saved in stack frame, CR0.EQ = !SRR3.PR
+ * LR, DEAR, ESR in stack frame
+ * r1 saved in stack frame, now virt stack/excframe pointer
+ * r0, r3-r8 saved in stack frame
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Exception vectors.
+ */
+#define START_EXCEPTION(n, label) \
+ . = n; \
+label:
+
+#define EXCEPTION(n, label, hdlr, xfer) \
+ START_EXCEPTION(n, label); \
+ NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG; \
+ addi r3,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD; \
+ xfer(n, hdlr)
+
+#define CRITICAL_EXCEPTION(n, label, hdlr) \
+ START_EXCEPTION(n, label); \
+ CRITICAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG; \
+ addi r3,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD; \
+ EXC_XFER_TEMPLATE(hdlr, n+2, (MSR_KERNEL & ~(MSR_ME|MSR_DE|MSR_CE)), \
+ NOCOPY, crit_transfer_to_handler, \
+ ret_from_crit_exc)
+
+#define EXC_XFER_TEMPLATE(hdlr, trap, msr, copyee, tfer, ret) \
+ li r10,trap; \
+ stw r10,_TRAP(r11); \
+ lis r10,msr@h; \
+ ori r10,r10,msr@l; \
+ copyee(r10, r9); \
+ bl tfer; \
+ .long hdlr; \
+ .long ret
+
+#define COPY_EE(d, s) rlwimi d,s,0,16,16
+#define NOCOPY(d, s)
+
+#define EXC_XFER_STD(n, hdlr) \
+ EXC_XFER_TEMPLATE(hdlr, n, MSR_KERNEL, NOCOPY, transfer_to_handler_full, \
+ ret_from_except_full)
+
+#define EXC_XFER_LITE(n, hdlr) \
+ EXC_XFER_TEMPLATE(hdlr, n+1, MSR_KERNEL, NOCOPY, transfer_to_handler, \
+ ret_from_except)
+
+#define EXC_XFER_EE(n, hdlr) \
+ EXC_XFER_TEMPLATE(hdlr, n, MSR_KERNEL, COPY_EE, transfer_to_handler_full, \
+ ret_from_except_full)
+
+#define EXC_XFER_EE_LITE(n, hdlr) \
+ EXC_XFER_TEMPLATE(hdlr, n+1, MSR_KERNEL, COPY_EE, transfer_to_handler, \
+ ret_from_except)
+
+
+/*
+ * 0x0100 - Critical Interrupt Exception
+ */
+ CRITICAL_EXCEPTION(0x0100, CriticalInterrupt, unknown_exception)
+
+/*
+ * 0x0200 - Machine Check Exception
+ */
+ CRITICAL_EXCEPTION(0x0200, MachineCheck, machine_check_exception)
+
+/*
+ * 0x0300 - Data Storage Exception
+ * This happens for just a few reasons. U0 set (but we don't do that),
+ * or zone protection fault (user violation, write to protected page).
+ * If this is just an update of modified status, we do that quickly
+ * and exit. Otherwise, we call heavywight functions to do the work.
+ */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x0300, DataStorage)
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG0, r10 /* Save some working registers */
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG1, r11
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ stw r12, 0(r0)
+ stw r9, 4(r0)
+ mfcr r11
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_PID
+ stw r11, 8(r0)
+ stw r12, 12(r0)
+#else
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG4, r12
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG5, r9
+ mfcr r11
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_PID
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG7, r11
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG6, r12
+#endif
+
+ /* First, check if it was a zone fault (which means a user
+ * tried to access a kernel or read-protected page - always
+ * a SEGV). All other faults here must be stores, so no
+ * need to check ESR_DST as well. */
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_ESR
+ andis. r10, r10, ESR_DIZ@h
+ bne 2f
+
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_DEAR /* Get faulting address */
+
+ /* If we are faulting a kernel address, we have to use the
+ * kernel page tables.
+ */
+ lis r11, TASK_SIZE@h
+ cmplw r10, r11
+ blt+ 3f
+ lis r11, swapper_pg_dir@h
+ ori r11, r11, swapper_pg_dir@l
+ li r9, 0
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r9 /* TLB will have 0 TID */
+ b 4f
+
+ /* Get the PGD for the current thread.
+ */
+3:
+ mfspr r11,SPRN_SPRG3
+ lwz r11,PGDIR(r11)
+4:
+ tophys(r11, r11)
+ rlwimi r11, r10, 12, 20, 29 /* Create L1 (pgdir/pmd) address */
+ lwz r11, 0(r11) /* Get L1 entry */
+ rlwinm. r12, r11, 0, 0, 19 /* Extract L2 (pte) base address */
+ beq 2f /* Bail if no table */
+
+ rlwimi r12, r10, 22, 20, 29 /* Compute PTE address */
+ lwz r11, 0(r12) /* Get Linux PTE */
+
+ andi. r9, r11, _PAGE_RW /* Is it writeable? */
+ beq 2f /* Bail if not */
+
+ /* Update 'changed'.
+ */
+ ori r11, r11, _PAGE_DIRTY|_PAGE_ACCESSED|_PAGE_HWWRITE
+ stw r11, 0(r12) /* Update Linux page table */
+
+ /* Most of the Linux PTE is ready to load into the TLB LO.
+ * We set ZSEL, where only the LS-bit determines user access.
+ * We set execute, because we don't have the granularity to
+ * properly set this at the page level (Linux problem).
+ * If shared is set, we cause a zero PID->TID load.
+ * Many of these bits are software only. Bits we don't set
+ * here we (properly should) assume have the appropriate value.
+ */
+ li r12, 0x0ce2
+ andc r11, r11, r12 /* Make sure 20, 21 are zero */
+
+ /* find the TLB index that caused the fault. It has to be here.
+ */
+ tlbsx r9, 0, r10
+
+ tlbwe r11, r9, TLB_DATA /* Load TLB LO */
+
+ /* Done...restore registers and get out of here.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ lwz r12, 12(r0)
+ lwz r11, 8(r0)
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ lwz r9, 4(r0)
+ lwz r12, 0(r0)
+#else
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG6
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG7
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ mfspr r9, SPRN_SPRG5
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG4
+#endif
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG1
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_SPRG0
+ PPC405_ERR77_SYNC
+ rfi /* Should sync shadow TLBs */
+ b . /* prevent prefetch past rfi */
+
+2:
+ /* The bailout. Restore registers to pre-exception conditions
+ * and call the heavyweights to help us out.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ lwz r12, 12(r0)
+ lwz r11, 8(r0)
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ lwz r9, 4(r0)
+ lwz r12, 0(r0)
+#else
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG6
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG7
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ mfspr r9, SPRN_SPRG5
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG4
+#endif
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG1
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_SPRG0
+ b DataAccess
+
+/*
+ * 0x0400 - Instruction Storage Exception
+ * This is caused by a fetch from non-execute or guarded pages.
+ */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x0400, InstructionAccess)
+ NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG
+ mr r4,r12 /* Pass SRR0 as arg2 */
+ li r5,0 /* Pass zero as arg3 */
+ EXC_XFER_EE_LITE(0x400, handle_page_fault)
+
+/* 0x0500 - External Interrupt Exception */
+ EXCEPTION(0x0500, HardwareInterrupt, do_IRQ, EXC_XFER_LITE)
+
+/* 0x0600 - Alignment Exception */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x0600, Alignment)
+ NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG
+ mfspr r4,SPRN_DEAR /* Grab the DEAR and save it */
+ stw r4,_DEAR(r11)
+ addi r3,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD
+ EXC_XFER_EE(0x600, alignment_exception)
+
+/* 0x0700 - Program Exception */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x0700, ProgramCheck)
+ NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG
+ mfspr r4,SPRN_ESR /* Grab the ESR and save it */
+ stw r4,_ESR(r11)
+ addi r3,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD
+ EXC_XFER_STD(0x700, program_check_exception)
+
+ EXCEPTION(0x0800, Trap_08, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x0900, Trap_09, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x0A00, Trap_0A, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x0B00, Trap_0B, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+
+/* 0x0C00 - System Call Exception */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x0C00, SystemCall)
+ NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG
+ EXC_XFER_EE_LITE(0xc00, DoSyscall)
+
+ EXCEPTION(0x0D00, Trap_0D, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x0E00, Trap_0E, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x0F00, Trap_0F, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+
+/* 0x1000 - Programmable Interval Timer (PIT) Exception */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x1000, Decrementer)
+ NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG
+ lis r0,TSR_PIS@h
+ mtspr SPRN_TSR,r0 /* Clear the PIT exception */
+ addi r3,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD
+ EXC_XFER_LITE(0x1000, timer_interrupt)
+
+#if 0
+/* NOTE:
+ * FIT and WDT handlers are not implemented yet.
+ */
+
+/* 0x1010 - Fixed Interval Timer (FIT) Exception
+*/
+ STND_EXCEPTION(0x1010, FITException, unknown_exception)
+
+/* 0x1020 - Watchdog Timer (WDT) Exception
+*/
+#ifdef CONFIG_BOOKE_WDT
+ CRITICAL_EXCEPTION(0x1020, WDTException, WatchdogException)
+#else
+ CRITICAL_EXCEPTION(0x1020, WDTException, unknown_exception)
+#endif
+#endif
+
+/* 0x1100 - Data TLB Miss Exception
+ * As the name implies, translation is not in the MMU, so search the
+ * page tables and fix it. The only purpose of this function is to
+ * load TLB entries from the page table if they exist.
+ */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x1100, DTLBMiss)
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG0, r10 /* Save some working registers */
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG1, r11
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ stw r12, 0(r0)
+ stw r9, 4(r0)
+ mfcr r11
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_PID
+ stw r11, 8(r0)
+ stw r12, 12(r0)
+#else
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG4, r12
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG5, r9
+ mfcr r11
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_PID
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG7, r11
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG6, r12
+#endif
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_DEAR /* Get faulting address */
+
+ /* If we are faulting a kernel address, we have to use the
+ * kernel page tables.
+ */
+ lis r11, TASK_SIZE@h
+ cmplw r10, r11
+ blt+ 3f
+ lis r11, swapper_pg_dir@h
+ ori r11, r11, swapper_pg_dir@l
+ li r9, 0
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r9 /* TLB will have 0 TID */
+ b 4f
+
+ /* Get the PGD for the current thread.
+ */
+3:
+ mfspr r11,SPRN_SPRG3
+ lwz r11,PGDIR(r11)
+4:
+ tophys(r11, r11)
+ rlwimi r11, r10, 12, 20, 29 /* Create L1 (pgdir/pmd) address */
+ lwz r12, 0(r11) /* Get L1 entry */
+ andi. r9, r12, _PMD_PRESENT /* Check if it points to a PTE page */
+ beq 2f /* Bail if no table */
+
+ rlwimi r12, r10, 22, 20, 29 /* Compute PTE address */
+ lwz r11, 0(r12) /* Get Linux PTE */
+ andi. r9, r11, _PAGE_PRESENT
+ beq 5f
+
+ ori r11, r11, _PAGE_ACCESSED
+ stw r11, 0(r12)
+
+ /* Create TLB tag. This is the faulting address plus a static
+ * set of bits. These are size, valid, E, U0.
+ */
+ li r12, 0x00c0
+ rlwimi r10, r12, 0, 20, 31
+
+ b finish_tlb_load
+
+2: /* Check for possible large-page pmd entry */
+ rlwinm. r9, r12, 2, 22, 24
+ beq 5f
+
+ /* Create TLB tag. This is the faulting address, plus a static
+ * set of bits (valid, E, U0) plus the size from the PMD.
+ */
+ ori r9, r9, 0x40
+ rlwimi r10, r9, 0, 20, 31
+ mr r11, r12
+
+ b finish_tlb_load
+
+5:
+ /* The bailout. Restore registers to pre-exception conditions
+ * and call the heavyweights to help us out.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ lwz r12, 12(r0)
+ lwz r11, 8(r0)
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ lwz r9, 4(r0)
+ lwz r12, 0(r0)
+#else
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG6
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG7
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ mfspr r9, SPRN_SPRG5
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG4
+#endif
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG1
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_SPRG0
+ b DataAccess
+
+/* 0x1200 - Instruction TLB Miss Exception
+ * Nearly the same as above, except we get our information from different
+ * registers and bailout to a different point.
+ */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x1200, ITLBMiss)
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG0, r10 /* Save some working registers */
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG1, r11
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ stw r12, 0(r0)
+ stw r9, 4(r0)
+ mfcr r11
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_PID
+ stw r11, 8(r0)
+ stw r12, 12(r0)
+#else
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG4, r12
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG5, r9
+ mfcr r11
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_PID
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG7, r11
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG6, r12
+#endif
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_SRR0 /* Get faulting address */
+
+ /* If we are faulting a kernel address, we have to use the
+ * kernel page tables.
+ */
+ lis r11, TASK_SIZE@h
+ cmplw r10, r11
+ blt+ 3f
+ lis r11, swapper_pg_dir@h
+ ori r11, r11, swapper_pg_dir@l
+ li r9, 0
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r9 /* TLB will have 0 TID */
+ b 4f
+
+ /* Get the PGD for the current thread.
+ */
+3:
+ mfspr r11,SPRN_SPRG3
+ lwz r11,PGDIR(r11)
+4:
+ tophys(r11, r11)
+ rlwimi r11, r10, 12, 20, 29 /* Create L1 (pgdir/pmd) address */
+ lwz r12, 0(r11) /* Get L1 entry */
+ andi. r9, r12, _PMD_PRESENT /* Check if it points to a PTE page */
+ beq 2f /* Bail if no table */
+
+ rlwimi r12, r10, 22, 20, 29 /* Compute PTE address */
+ lwz r11, 0(r12) /* Get Linux PTE */
+ andi. r9, r11, _PAGE_PRESENT
+ beq 5f
+
+ ori r11, r11, _PAGE_ACCESSED
+ stw r11, 0(r12)
+
+ /* Create TLB tag. This is the faulting address plus a static
+ * set of bits. These are size, valid, E, U0.
+ */
+ li r12, 0x00c0
+ rlwimi r10, r12, 0, 20, 31
+
+ b finish_tlb_load
+
+2: /* Check for possible large-page pmd entry */
+ rlwinm. r9, r12, 2, 22, 24
+ beq 5f
+
+ /* Create TLB tag. This is the faulting address, plus a static
+ * set of bits (valid, E, U0) plus the size from the PMD.
+ */
+ ori r9, r9, 0x40
+ rlwimi r10, r9, 0, 20, 31
+ mr r11, r12
+
+ b finish_tlb_load
+
+5:
+ /* The bailout. Restore registers to pre-exception conditions
+ * and call the heavyweights to help us out.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ lwz r12, 12(r0)
+ lwz r11, 8(r0)
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ lwz r9, 4(r0)
+ lwz r12, 0(r0)
+#else
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG6
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG7
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ mfspr r9, SPRN_SPRG5
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG4
+#endif
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG1
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_SPRG0
+ b InstructionAccess
+
+ EXCEPTION(0x1300, Trap_13, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1400, Trap_14, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1500, Trap_15, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1600, Trap_16, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+#ifdef CONFIG_IBM405_ERR51
+ /* 405GP errata 51 */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x1700, Trap_17)
+ b DTLBMiss
+#else
+ EXCEPTION(0x1700, Trap_17, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+#endif
+ EXCEPTION(0x1800, Trap_18, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1900, Trap_19, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1A00, Trap_1A, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1B00, Trap_1B, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1C00, Trap_1C, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1D00, Trap_1D, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1E00, Trap_1E, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+ EXCEPTION(0x1F00, Trap_1F, unknown_exception, EXC_XFER_EE)
+
+/* Check for a single step debug exception while in an exception
+ * handler before state has been saved. This is to catch the case
+ * where an instruction that we are trying to single step causes
+ * an exception (eg ITLB/DTLB miss) and thus the first instruction of
+ * the exception handler generates a single step debug exception.
+ *
+ * If we get a debug trap on the first instruction of an exception handler,
+ * we reset the MSR_DE in the _exception handler's_ MSR (the debug trap is
+ * a critical exception, so we are using SPRN_CSRR1 to manipulate the MSR).
+ * The exception handler was handling a non-critical interrupt, so it will
+ * save (and later restore) the MSR via SPRN_SRR1, which will still have
+ * the MSR_DE bit set.
+ */
+ /* 0x2000 - Debug Exception */
+ START_EXCEPTION(0x2000, DebugTrap)
+ CRITICAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG
+
+ /*
+ * If this is a single step or branch-taken exception in an
+ * exception entry sequence, it was probably meant to apply to
+ * the code where the exception occurred (since exception entry
+ * doesn't turn off DE automatically). We simulate the effect
+ * of turning off DE on entry to an exception handler by turning
+ * off DE in the SRR3 value and clearing the debug status.
+ */
+ mfspr r10,SPRN_DBSR /* check single-step/branch taken */
+ andis. r10,r10,DBSR_IC@h
+ beq+ 2f
+
+ andi. r10,r9,MSR_IR|MSR_PR /* check supervisor + MMU off */
+ beq 1f /* branch and fix it up */
+
+ mfspr r10,SPRN_SRR2 /* Faulting instruction address */
+ cmplwi r10,0x2100
+ bgt+ 2f /* address above exception vectors */
+
+ /* here it looks like we got an inappropriate debug exception. */
+1: rlwinm r9,r9,0,~MSR_DE /* clear DE in the SRR3 value */
+ lis r10,DBSR_IC@h /* clear the IC event */
+ mtspr SPRN_DBSR,r10
+ /* restore state and get out */
+ lwz r10,_CCR(r11)
+ lwz r0,GPR0(r11)
+ lwz r1,GPR1(r11)
+ mtcrf 0x80,r10
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR2,r12
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR3,r9
+ lwz r9,GPR9(r11)
+ lwz r12,GPR12(r11)
+ lwz r10,crit_r10@l(0)
+ lwz r11,crit_r11@l(0)
+ PPC405_ERR77_SYNC
+ rfci
+ b .
+
+ /* continue normal handling for a critical exception... */
+2: mfspr r4,SPRN_DBSR
+ addi r3,r1,STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD
+ EXC_XFER_TEMPLATE(DebugException, 0x2002, \
+ (MSR_KERNEL & ~(MSR_ME|MSR_DE|MSR_CE)), \
+ NOCOPY, crit_transfer_to_handler, ret_from_crit_exc)
+
+/*
+ * The other Data TLB exceptions bail out to this point
+ * if they can't resolve the lightweight TLB fault.
+ */
+DataAccess:
+ NORMAL_EXCEPTION_PROLOG
+ mfspr r5,SPRN_ESR /* Grab the ESR, save it, pass arg3 */
+ stw r5,_ESR(r11)
+ mfspr r4,SPRN_DEAR /* Grab the DEAR, save it, pass arg2 */
+ EXC_XFER_EE_LITE(0x300, handle_page_fault)
+
+/* Other PowerPC processors, namely those derived from the 6xx-series
+ * have vectors from 0x2100 through 0x2F00 defined, but marked as reserved.
+ * However, for the 4xx-series processors these are neither defined nor
+ * reserved.
+ */
+
+ /* Damn, I came up one instruction too many to fit into the
+ * exception space :-). Both the instruction and data TLB
+ * miss get to this point to load the TLB.
+ * r10 - TLB_TAG value
+ * r11 - Linux PTE
+ * r12, r9 - avilable to use
+ * PID - loaded with proper value when we get here
+ * Upon exit, we reload everything and RFI.
+ * Actually, it will fit now, but oh well.....a common place
+ * to load the TLB.
+ */
+tlb_4xx_index:
+ .long 0
+finish_tlb_load:
+ /* load the next available TLB index.
+ */
+ lwz r9, tlb_4xx_index@l(0)
+ addi r9, r9, 1
+ andi. r9, r9, (PPC4XX_TLB_SIZE-1)
+ stw r9, tlb_4xx_index@l(0)
+
+6:
+ /*
+ * Clear out the software-only bits in the PTE to generate the
+ * TLB_DATA value. These are the bottom 2 bits of the RPM, the
+ * top 3 bits of the zone field, and M.
+ */
+ li r12, 0x0ce2
+ andc r11, r11, r12
+
+ tlbwe r11, r9, TLB_DATA /* Load TLB LO */
+ tlbwe r10, r9, TLB_TAG /* Load TLB HI */
+
+ /* Done...restore registers and get out of here.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_403GCX
+ lwz r12, 12(r0)
+ lwz r11, 8(r0)
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ lwz r9, 4(r0)
+ lwz r12, 0(r0)
+#else
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG6
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG7
+ mtspr SPRN_PID, r12
+ mtcr r11
+ mfspr r9, SPRN_SPRG5
+ mfspr r12, SPRN_SPRG4
+#endif
+ mfspr r11, SPRN_SPRG1
+ mfspr r10, SPRN_SPRG0
+ PPC405_ERR77_SYNC
+ rfi /* Should sync shadow TLBs */
+ b . /* prevent prefetch past rfi */
+
+/* extern void giveup_fpu(struct task_struct *prev)
+ *
+ * The PowerPC 4xx family of processors do not have an FPU, so this just
+ * returns.
+ */
+_GLOBAL(giveup_fpu)
+ blr
+
+/* This is where the main kernel code starts.
+ */
+start_here:
+
+ /* ptr to current */
+ lis r2,init_task@h
+ ori r2,r2,init_task@l
+
+ /* ptr to phys current thread */
+ tophys(r4,r2)
+ addi r4,r4,THREAD /* init task's THREAD */
+ mtspr SPRN_SPRG3,r4
+
+ /* stack */
+ lis r1,init_thread_union@ha
+ addi r1,r1,init_thread_union@l
+ li r0,0
+ stwu r0,THREAD_SIZE-STACK_FRAME_OVERHEAD(r1)
+
+ bl early_init /* We have to do this with MMU on */
+
+/*
+ * Decide what sort of machine this is and initialize the MMU.
+ */
+ mr r3,r31
+ mr r4,r30
+ mr r5,r29
+ mr r6,r28
+ mr r7,r27
+ bl machine_init
+ bl MMU_init
+
+/* Go back to running unmapped so we can load up new values
+ * and change to using our exception vectors.
+ * On the 4xx, all we have to do is invalidate the TLB to clear
+ * the old 16M byte TLB mappings.
+ */
+ lis r4,2f@h
+ ori r4,r4,2f@l
+ tophys(r4,r4)
+ lis r3,(MSR_KERNEL & ~(MSR_IR|MSR_DR))@h
+ ori r3,r3,(MSR_KERNEL & ~(MSR_IR|MSR_DR))@l
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR0,r4
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR1,r3
+ rfi
+ b . /* prevent prefetch past rfi */
+
+/* Load up the kernel context */
+2:
+ sync /* Flush to memory before changing TLB */
+ tlbia
+ isync /* Flush shadow TLBs */
+
+ /* set up the PTE pointers for the Abatron bdiGDB.
+ */
+ lis r6, swapper_pg_dir@h
+ ori r6, r6, swapper_pg_dir@l
+ lis r5, abatron_pteptrs@h
+ ori r5, r5, abatron_pteptrs@l
+ stw r5, 0xf0(r0) /* Must match your Abatron config file */
+ tophys(r5,r5)
+ stw r6, 0(r5)
+
+/* Now turn on the MMU for real! */
+ lis r4,MSR_KERNEL@h
+ ori r4,r4,MSR_KERNEL@l
+ lis r3,start_kernel@h
+ ori r3,r3,start_kernel@l
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR0,r3
+ mtspr SPRN_SRR1,r4
+ rfi /* enable MMU and jump to start_kernel */
+ b . /* prevent prefetch past rfi */
+
+/* Set up the initial MMU state so we can do the first level of
+ * kernel initialization. This maps the first 16 MBytes of memory 1:1
+ * virtual to physical and more importantly sets the cache mode.
+ */
+initial_mmu:
+ tlbia /* Invalidate all TLB entries */
+ isync
+
+ /* We should still be executing code at physical address 0x0000xxxx
+ * at this point. However, start_here is at virtual address
+ * 0xC000xxxx. So, set up a TLB mapping to cover this once
+ * translation is enabled.
+ */
+
+ lis r3,KERNELBASE@h /* Load the kernel virtual address */
+ ori r3,r3,KERNELBASE@l
+ tophys(r4,r3) /* Load the kernel physical address */
+
+ iccci r0,r3 /* Invalidate the i-cache before use */
+
+ /* Load the kernel PID.
+ */
+ li r0,0
+ mtspr SPRN_PID,r0
+ sync
+
+ /* Configure and load two entries into TLB slots 62 and 63.
+ * In case we are pinning TLBs, these are reserved in by the
+ * other TLB functions. If not reserving, then it doesn't
+ * matter where they are loaded.
+ */
+ clrrwi r4,r4,10 /* Mask off the real page number */
+ ori r4,r4,(TLB_WR | TLB_EX) /* Set the write and execute bits */
+
+ clrrwi r3,r3,10 /* Mask off the effective page number */
+ ori r3,r3,(TLB_VALID | TLB_PAGESZ(PAGESZ_16M))
+
+ li r0,63 /* TLB slot 63 */
+
+ tlbwe r4,r0,TLB_DATA /* Load the data portion of the entry */
+ tlbwe r3,r0,TLB_TAG /* Load the tag portion of the entry */
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_SERIAL_TEXT_DEBUG) && defined(SERIAL_DEBUG_IO_BASE)
+
+ /* Load a TLB entry for the UART, so that ppc4xx_progress() can use
+ * the UARTs nice and early. We use a 4k real==virtual mapping. */
+
+ lis r3,SERIAL_DEBUG_IO_BASE@h
+ ori r3,r3,SERIAL_DEBUG_IO_BASE@l
+ mr r4,r3
+ clrrwi r4,r4,12
+ ori r4,r4,(TLB_WR|TLB_I|TLB_M|TLB_G)
+
+ clrrwi r3,r3,12
+ ori r3,r3,(TLB_VALID | TLB_PAGESZ(PAGESZ_4K))
+
+ li r0,0 /* TLB slot 0 */
+ tlbwe r4,r0,TLB_DATA
+ tlbwe r3,r0,TLB_TAG
+#endif /* CONFIG_SERIAL_DEBUG_TEXT && SERIAL_DEBUG_IO_BASE */
+
+ isync
+
+ /* Establish the exception vector base
+ */
+ lis r4,KERNELBASE@h /* EVPR only uses the high 16-bits */
+ tophys(r0,r4) /* Use the physical address */
+ mtspr SPRN_EVPR,r0
+
+ blr
+
+_GLOBAL(abort)
+ mfspr r13,SPRN_DBCR0
+ oris r13,r13,DBCR0_RST_SYSTEM@h
+ mtspr SPRN_DBCR0,r13
+
+_GLOBAL(set_context)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BDI_SWITCH
+ /* Context switch the PTE pointer for the Abatron BDI2000.
+ * The PGDIR is the second parameter.
+ */
+ lis r5, KERNELBASE@h
+ lwz r5, 0xf0(r5)
+ stw r4, 0x4(r5)
+#endif
+ sync
+ mtspr SPRN_PID,r3
+ isync /* Need an isync to flush shadow */
+ /* TLBs after changing PID */
+ blr
+
+/* We put a few things here that have to be page-aligned. This stuff
+ * goes at the beginning of the data segment, which is page-aligned.
+ */
+ .data
+ .align 12
+ .globl sdata
+sdata:
+ .globl empty_zero_page
+empty_zero_page:
+ .space 4096
+ .globl swapper_pg_dir
+swapper_pg_dir:
+ .space 4096
+
+
+/* Stack for handling critical exceptions from kernel mode */
+ .section .bss
+ .align 12
+exception_stack_bottom:
+ .space 4096
+critical_stack_top:
+ .globl exception_stack_top
+exception_stack_top:
+
+/* This space gets a copy of optional info passed to us by the bootstrap
+ * which is used to pass parameters into the kernel like root=/dev/sda1, etc.
+ */
+ .globl cmd_line
+cmd_line:
+ .space 512
+
+/* Room for two PTE pointers, usually the kernel and current user pointers
+ * to their respective root page table.
+ */
+abatron_pteptrs:
+ .space 8