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authorJuergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>2017-08-16 19:31:57 +0200
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>2017-08-24 09:57:28 +0200
commitecda85e70277ef24e44a1f6bc00243cebd19f985 (patch)
treecd094195d6ab0ed476ad093236880c8ce145e8e4
parentedcb5cf84f05e5d2e2af25422a72ccde359fcca9 (diff)
downloadlinux-ecda85e70277ef24e44a1f6bc00243cebd19f985.tar.gz
x86/lguest: Remove lguest support
Lguest seems to be rather unused these days. It has seen only patches ensuring it still builds the last two years and its official state is "Odd Fixes". Remove it in order to be able to clean up the paravirt code. Signed-off-by: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com> Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com Cc: lguest@lists.ozlabs.org Cc: rusty@rustcorp.com.au Cc: xen-devel@lists.xenproject.org Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20170816173157.8633-3-jgross@suse.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
-rw-r--r--MAINTAINERS11
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/Kbuild3
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h91
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h74
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_32.c20
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/platform-quirks.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/lguest/Kconfig14
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/lguest/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/lguest/boot.c1558
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/lguest/head_32.S192
-rw-r--r--drivers/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/block/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--drivers/char/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--drivers/char/virtio_console.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/Kconfig13
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/Makefile26
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/README47
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/core.c398
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/hypercalls.c304
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/interrupts_and_traps.c706
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/lg.h258
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/lguest_user.c446
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/page_tables.c1239
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/segments.c228
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/x86/core.c724
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/x86/switcher_32.S388
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--drivers/tty/hvc/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--drivers/virtio/Kconfig4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/lguest.h73
-rw-r--r--include/linux/lguest_launcher.h44
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h4
-rw-r--r--tools/Makefile11
-rw-r--r--tools/lguest/.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--tools/lguest/Makefile14
-rw-r--r--tools/lguest/extract58
-rw-r--r--tools/lguest/lguest.c3420
-rw-r--r--tools/lguest/lguest.txt125
43 files changed, 16 insertions, 10502 deletions
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index 84d6a8277cbd..6c8b66d2adcb 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -7640,17 +7640,6 @@ T: git git://linuxtv.org/mkrufky/tuners.git
S: Maintained
F: drivers/media/dvb-frontends/lgdt3305.*
-LGUEST
-M: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
-L: lguest@lists.ozlabs.org
-W: http://lguest.ozlabs.org/
-S: Odd Fixes
-F: arch/x86/include/asm/lguest*.h
-F: arch/x86/lguest/
-F: drivers/lguest/
-F: include/linux/lguest*.h
-F: tools/lguest/
-
LIBATA PATA ARASAN COMPACT FLASH CONTROLLER
M: Viresh Kumar <vireshk@kernel.org>
L: linux-ide@vger.kernel.org
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kbuild b/arch/x86/Kbuild
index 586b786b3edf..f65a804b86f0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/x86/Kbuild
@@ -10,9 +10,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_XEN) += xen/
# Hyper-V paravirtualization support
obj-$(CONFIG_HYPERVISOR_GUEST) += hyperv/
-# lguest paravirtualization support
-obj-$(CONFIG_LGUEST_GUEST) += lguest/
-
obj-y += realmode/
obj-y += kernel/
obj-y += mm/
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 9b302121584d..651021713385 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -777,8 +777,6 @@ config KVM_DEBUG_FS
Statistics are displayed in debugfs filesystem. Enabling this option
may incur significant overhead.
-source "arch/x86/lguest/Kconfig"
-
config PARAVIRT_TIME_ACCOUNTING
bool "Paravirtual steal time accounting"
depends on PARAVIRT
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 73d0c9b92087..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,91 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef _ASM_X86_LGUEST_H
-#define _ASM_X86_LGUEST_H
-
-#define GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_CS 10
-#define GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_DS 11
-#define LGUEST_CS (GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_CS * 8)
-#define LGUEST_DS (GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_DS * 8)
-
-#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-#include <asm/desc.h>
-
-#define GUEST_PL 1
-
-/* Page for Switcher text itself, then two pages per cpu */
-#define SWITCHER_TEXT_PAGES (1)
-#define SWITCHER_STACK_PAGES (2 * nr_cpu_ids)
-#define TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES (SWITCHER_TEXT_PAGES + SWITCHER_STACK_PAGES)
-
-/* Where we map the Switcher, in both Host and Guest. */
-extern unsigned long switcher_addr;
-
-/* Found in switcher.S */
-extern unsigned long default_idt_entries[];
-
-/* Declarations for definitions in arch/x86/lguest/head_32.S */
-extern char lguest_noirq_iret[];
-extern const char lgstart_cli[], lgend_cli[];
-extern const char lgstart_pushf[], lgend_pushf[];
-
-extern void lguest_iret(void);
-extern void lguest_init(void);
-
-struct lguest_regs {
- /* Manually saved part. */
- unsigned long eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
- unsigned long esi, edi, ebp;
- unsigned long gs;
- unsigned long fs, ds, es;
- unsigned long trapnum, errcode;
- /* Trap pushed part */
- unsigned long eip;
- unsigned long cs;
- unsigned long eflags;
- unsigned long esp;
- unsigned long ss;
-};
-
-/* This is a guest-specific page (mapped ro) into the guest. */
-struct lguest_ro_state {
- /* Host information we need to restore when we switch back. */
- u32 host_cr3;
- struct desc_ptr host_idt_desc;
- struct desc_ptr host_gdt_desc;
- u32 host_sp;
-
- /* Fields which are used when guest is running. */
- struct desc_ptr guest_idt_desc;
- struct desc_ptr guest_gdt_desc;
- struct x86_hw_tss guest_tss;
- struct desc_struct guest_idt[IDT_ENTRIES];
- struct desc_struct guest_gdt[GDT_ENTRIES];
-};
-
-struct lg_cpu_arch {
- /* The GDT entries copied into lguest_ro_state when running. */
- struct desc_struct gdt[GDT_ENTRIES];
-
- /* The IDT entries: some copied into lguest_ro_state when running. */
- struct desc_struct idt[IDT_ENTRIES];
-
- /* The address of the last guest-visible pagefault (ie. cr2). */
- unsigned long last_pagefault;
-};
-
-static inline void lguest_set_ts(void)
-{
- u32 cr0;
-
- cr0 = read_cr0();
- if (!(cr0 & 8))
- write_cr0(cr0 | 8);
-}
-
-/* Full 4G segment descriptors, suitable for CS and DS. */
-#define FULL_EXEC_SEGMENT \
- ((struct desc_struct)GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc09b, 0, 0xfffff))
-#define FULL_SEGMENT ((struct desc_struct)GDT_ENTRY_INIT(0xc093, 0, 0xfffff))
-
-#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
-
-#endif /* _ASM_X86_LGUEST_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 6c119cfae218..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/lguest_hcall.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,74 +0,0 @@
-/* Architecture specific portion of the lguest hypercalls */
-#ifndef _ASM_X86_LGUEST_HCALL_H
-#define _ASM_X86_LGUEST_HCALL_H
-
-#define LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC 0
-#define LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT 1
-#define LHCALL_SHUTDOWN 2
-#define LHCALL_NEW_PGTABLE 4
-#define LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB 5
-#define LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY 6
-#define LHCALL_SET_STACK 7
-#define LHCALL_SET_CLOCKEVENT 9
-#define LHCALL_HALT 10
-#define LHCALL_SET_PMD 13
-#define LHCALL_SET_PTE 14
-#define LHCALL_SET_PGD 15
-#define LHCALL_LOAD_TLS 16
-#define LHCALL_LOAD_GDT_ENTRY 18
-#define LHCALL_SEND_INTERRUPTS 19
-
-#define LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY 0x1F
-
-/* Argument number 3 to LHCALL_LGUEST_SHUTDOWN */
-#define LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_POWEROFF 1
-#define LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_RESTART 2
-
-#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-#include <asm/hw_irq.h>
-
-/*G:030
- * But first, how does our Guest contact the Host to ask for privileged
- * operations? There are two ways: the direct way is to make a "hypercall",
- * to make requests of the Host Itself.
- *
- * Our hypercall mechanism uses the highest unused trap code (traps 32 and
- * above are used by real hardware interrupts). Seventeen hypercalls are
- * available: the hypercall number is put in the %eax register, and the
- * arguments (when required) are placed in %ebx, %ecx, %edx and %esi.
- * If a return value makes sense, it's returned in %eax.
- *
- * Grossly invalid calls result in Sudden Death at the hands of the vengeful
- * Host, rather than returning failure. This reflects Winston Churchill's
- * definition of a gentleman: "someone who is only rude intentionally".
- */
-static inline unsigned long
-hcall(unsigned long call,
- unsigned long arg1, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4)
-{
- /* "int" is the Intel instruction to trigger a trap. */
- asm volatile("int $" __stringify(LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY)
- /* The call in %eax (aka "a") might be overwritten */
- : "=a"(call)
- /* The arguments are in %eax, %ebx, %ecx, %edx & %esi */
- : "a"(call), "b"(arg1), "c"(arg2), "d"(arg3), "S"(arg4)
- /* "memory" means this might write somewhere in memory.
- * This isn't true for all calls, but it's safe to tell
- * gcc that it might happen so it doesn't get clever. */
- : "memory");
- return call;
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/* Can't use our min() macro here: needs to be a constant */
-#define LGUEST_IRQS (NR_IRQS < 32 ? NR_IRQS: 32)
-
-#define LHCALL_RING_SIZE 64
-struct hcall_args {
- /* These map directly onto eax/ebx/ecx/edx/esi in struct lguest_regs */
- unsigned long arg0, arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4;
-};
-
-#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
-#endif /* _ASM_X86_LGUEST_HCALL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
index 0b03d655db7c..abc99b9c7ffd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/processor.h
@@ -662,7 +662,7 @@ static inline void sync_core(void)
* In case NMI unmasking or performance ever becomes a problem,
* the next best option appears to be MOV-to-CR2 and an
* unconditional jump. That sequence also works on all CPUs,
- * but it will fault at CPL3 (i.e. Xen PV and lguest).
+ * but it will fault at CPL3 (i.e. Xen PV).
*
* CPUID is the conventional way, but it's nasty: it doesn't
* exist on some 486-like CPUs, and it usually exits to a
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
index ddef37b16af2..66b8f93333d1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/bootparam.h
@@ -201,7 +201,7 @@ struct boot_params {
*
* @X86_SUBARCH_PC: Should be used if the hardware is enumerable using standard
* PC mechanisms (PCI, ACPI) and doesn't need a special boot flow.
- * @X86_SUBARCH_LGUEST: Used for x86 hypervisor demo, lguest
+ * @X86_SUBARCH_LGUEST: Used for x86 hypervisor demo, lguest, deprecated
* @X86_SUBARCH_XEN: Used for Xen guest types which follow the PV boot path,
* which start at asm startup_xen() entry point and later jump to the C
* xen_start_kernel() entry point. Both domU and dom0 type of guests are
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_32.c
index 880aa093268d..710edab9e644 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/asm-offsets_32.c
@@ -4,9 +4,6 @@
#include <asm/ucontext.h>
-#include <linux/lguest.h>
-#include "../../../drivers/lguest/lg.h"
-
#define __SYSCALL_I386(nr, sym, qual) [nr] = 1,
static char syscalls[] = {
#include <asm/syscalls_32.h>
@@ -62,23 +59,6 @@ void foo(void)
OFFSET(stack_canary_offset, stack_canary, canary);
#endif
-#if defined(CONFIG_LGUEST) || defined(CONFIG_LGUEST_GUEST) || defined(CONFIG_LGUEST_MODULE)
- BLANK();
- OFFSET(LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled, lguest_data, irq_enabled);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_DATA_irq_pending, lguest_data, irq_pending);
-
- BLANK();
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_host_gdt_desc, lguest_pages, state.host_gdt_desc);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_host_idt_desc, lguest_pages, state.host_idt_desc);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_host_cr3, lguest_pages, state.host_cr3);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_host_sp, lguest_pages, state.host_sp);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_guest_gdt_desc, lguest_pages,state.guest_gdt_desc);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_guest_idt_desc, lguest_pages,state.guest_idt_desc);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_guest_gdt, lguest_pages, state.guest_gdt);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_regs_trapnum, lguest_pages, regs.trapnum);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_regs_errcode, lguest_pages, regs.errcode);
- OFFSET(LGUEST_PAGES_regs, lguest_pages, regs);
-#endif
BLANK();
DEFINE(__NR_syscall_max, sizeof(syscalls) - 1);
DEFINE(NR_syscalls, sizeof(syscalls));
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
index 0332664eb158..29da9599fec0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
@@ -155,7 +155,6 @@ ENTRY(startup_32)
jmp *%eax
.Lbad_subarch:
-WEAK(lguest_entry)
WEAK(xen_entry)
/* Unknown implementation; there's really
nothing we can do at this point. */
@@ -165,7 +164,6 @@ WEAK(xen_entry)
subarch_entries:
.long .Ldefault_entry /* normal x86/PC */
- .long lguest_entry /* lguest hypervisor */
.long xen_entry /* Xen hypervisor */
.long .Ldefault_entry /* Moorestown MID */
num_subarch_entries = (. - subarch_entries) / 4
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/platform-quirks.c b/arch/x86/kernel/platform-quirks.c
index 91271122f0df..502a77d0adb0 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/platform-quirks.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/platform-quirks.c
@@ -16,7 +16,6 @@ void __init x86_early_init_platform_quirks(void)
x86_platform.legacy.reserve_bios_regions = 1;
break;
case X86_SUBARCH_XEN:
- case X86_SUBARCH_LGUEST:
x86_platform.legacy.devices.pnpbios = 0;
x86_platform.legacy.rtc = 0;
break;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig b/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig
index 2688c7dc5323..3ea624452f93 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/Kconfig
@@ -89,6 +89,5 @@ config KVM_MMU_AUDIT
# OK, it's a little counter-intuitive to do this, but it puts it neatly under
# the virtualization menu.
source drivers/vhost/Kconfig
-source drivers/lguest/Kconfig
endif # VIRTUALIZATION
diff --git a/arch/x86/lguest/Kconfig b/arch/x86/lguest/Kconfig
deleted file mode 100644
index 08f41caada45..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/lguest/Kconfig
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,14 +0,0 @@
-config LGUEST_GUEST
- bool "Lguest guest support"
- depends on X86_32 && PARAVIRT && PCI
- select TTY
- select VIRTUALIZATION
- select VIRTIO
- select VIRTIO_CONSOLE
- help
- Lguest is a tiny in-kernel hypervisor. Selecting this will
- allow your kernel to boot under lguest. This option will increase
- your kernel size by about 10k. If in doubt, say N.
-
- If you say Y here, make sure you say Y (or M) to the virtio block
- and net drivers which lguest needs.
diff --git a/arch/x86/lguest/Makefile b/arch/x86/lguest/Makefile
deleted file mode 100644
index 8f38d577a2fa..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/lguest/Makefile
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,2 +0,0 @@
-obj-y := head_32.o boot.o
-CFLAGS_boot.o := $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
diff --git a/arch/x86/lguest/boot.c b/arch/x86/lguest/boot.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 99472698c931..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/lguest/boot.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1558 +0,0 @@
-/*P:010
- * A hypervisor allows multiple Operating Systems to run on a single machine.
- * To quote David Wheeler: "Any problem in computer science can be solved with
- * another layer of indirection."
- *
- * We keep things simple in two ways. First, we start with a normal Linux
- * kernel and insert a module (lg.ko) which allows us to run other Linux
- * kernels the same way we'd run processes. We call the first kernel the Host,
- * and the others the Guests. The program which sets up and configures Guests
- * (such as the example in tools/lguest/lguest.c) is called the Launcher.
- *
- * Secondly, we only run specially modified Guests, not normal kernels: setting
- * CONFIG_LGUEST_GUEST to "y" compiles this file into the kernel so it knows
- * how to be a Guest at boot time. This means that you can use the same kernel
- * you boot normally (ie. as a Host) as a Guest.
- *
- * These Guests know that they cannot do privileged operations, such as disable
- * interrupts, and that they have to ask the Host to do such things explicitly.
- * This file consists of all the replacements for such low-level native
- * hardware operations: these special Guest versions call the Host.
- *
- * So how does the kernel know it's a Guest? We'll see that later, but let's
- * just say that we end up here where we replace the native functions various
- * "paravirt" structures with our Guest versions, then boot like normal.
-:*/
-
-/*
- * Copyright (C) 2006, Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation.
- *
- * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
- * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
- * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
- * (at your option) any later version.
- *
- * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
- * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
- * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more
- * details.
- *
- * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
- * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
- * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
- */
-#include <linux/kernel.h>
-#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
-#include <linux/string.h>
-#include <linux/console.h>
-#include <linux/screen_info.h>
-#include <linux/irq.h>
-#include <linux/interrupt.h>
-#include <linux/clocksource.h>
-#include <linux/clockchips.h>
-#include <linux/lguest.h>
-#include <linux/lguest_launcher.h>
-#include <linux/virtio_console.h>
-#include <linux/pm.h>
-#include <linux/export.h>
-#include <linux/pci.h>
-#include <linux/virtio_pci.h>
-#include <asm/acpi.h>
-#include <asm/apic.h>
-#include <asm/lguest.h>
-#include <asm/paravirt.h>
-#include <asm/param.h>
-#include <asm/page.h>
-#include <asm/pgtable.h>
-#include <asm/desc.h>
-#include <asm/setup.h>
-#include <asm/e820/api.h>
-#include <asm/mce.h>
-#include <asm/io.h>
-#include <asm/fpu/api.h>
-#include <asm/stackprotector.h>
-#include <asm/reboot.h> /* for struct machine_ops */
-#include <asm/kvm_para.h>
-#include <asm/pci_x86.h>
-#include <asm/pci-direct.h>
-
-/*G:010
- * Welcome to the Guest!
- *
- * The Guest in our tale is a simple creature: identical to the Host but
- * behaving in simplified but equivalent ways. In particular, the Guest is the
- * same kernel as the Host (or at least, built from the same source code).
-:*/
-
-struct lguest_data lguest_data = {
- .hcall_status = { [0 ... LHCALL_RING_SIZE-1] = 0xFF },
- .noirq_iret = (u32)lguest_noirq_iret,
- .kernel_address = PAGE_OFFSET,
- .blocked_interrupts = { 1 }, /* Block timer interrupts */
- .syscall_vec = IA32_SYSCALL_VECTOR,
-};
-
-/*G:037
- * async_hcall() is pretty simple: I'm quite proud of it really. We have a
- * ring buffer of stored hypercalls which the Host will run though next time we
- * do a normal hypercall. Each entry in the ring has 5 slots for the hypercall
- * arguments, and a "hcall_status" word which is 0 if the call is ready to go,
- * and 255 once the Host has finished with it.
- *
- * If we come around to a slot which hasn't been finished, then the table is
- * full and we just make the hypercall directly. This has the nice side
- * effect of causing the Host to run all the stored calls in the ring buffer
- * which empties it for next time!
- */
-static void async_hcall(unsigned long call, unsigned long arg1,
- unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4)
-{
- /* Note: This code assumes we're uniprocessor. */
- static unsigned int next_call;
- unsigned long flags;
-
- /*
- * Disable interrupts if not already disabled: we don't want an
- * interrupt handler making a hypercall while we're already doing
- * one!
- */
- local_irq_save(flags);
- if (lguest_data.hcall_status[next_call] != 0xFF) {
- /* Table full, so do normal hcall which will flush table. */
- hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4);
- } else {
- lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].arg0 = call;
- lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].arg1 = arg1;
- lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].arg2 = arg2;
- lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].arg3 = arg3;
- lguest_data.hcalls[next_call].arg4 = arg4;
- /* Arguments must all be written before we mark it to go */
- wmb();
- lguest_data.hcall_status[next_call] = 0;
- if (++next_call == LHCALL_RING_SIZE)
- next_call = 0;
- }
- local_irq_restore(flags);
-}
-
-/*G:035
- * Notice the lazy_hcall() above, rather than hcall(). This is our first real
- * optimization trick!
- *
- * When lazy_mode is set, it means we're allowed to defer all hypercalls and do
- * them as a batch when lazy_mode is eventually turned off. Because hypercalls
- * are reasonably expensive, batching them up makes sense. For example, a
- * large munmap might update dozens of page table entries: that code calls
- * paravirt_enter_lazy_mmu(), does the dozen updates, then calls
- * lguest_leave_lazy_mode().
- *
- * So, when we're in lazy mode, we call async_hcall() to store the call for
- * future processing:
- */
-static void lazy_hcall1(unsigned long call, unsigned long arg1)
-{
- if (paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE)
- hcall(call, arg1, 0, 0, 0);
- else
- async_hcall(call, arg1, 0, 0, 0);
-}
-
-/* You can imagine what lazy_hcall2, 3 and 4 look like. :*/
-static void lazy_hcall2(unsigned long call,
- unsigned long arg1,
- unsigned long arg2)
-{
- if (paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE)
- hcall(call, arg1, arg2, 0, 0);
- else
- async_hcall(call, arg1, arg2, 0, 0);
-}
-
-static void lazy_hcall3(unsigned long call,
- unsigned long arg1,
- unsigned long arg2,
- unsigned long arg3)
-{
- if (paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE)
- hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3, 0);
- else
- async_hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3, 0);
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-static void lazy_hcall4(unsigned long call,
- unsigned long arg1,
- unsigned long arg2,
- unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4)
-{
- if (paravirt_get_lazy_mode() == PARAVIRT_LAZY_NONE)
- hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4);
- else
- async_hcall(call, arg1, arg2, arg3, arg4);
-}
-#endif
-
-/*G:036
- * When lazy mode is turned off, we issue the do-nothing hypercall to
- * flush any stored calls, and call the generic helper to reset the
- * per-cpu lazy mode variable.
- */
-static void lguest_leave_lazy_mmu_mode(void)
-{
- hcall(LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC, 0, 0, 0, 0);
- paravirt_leave_lazy_mmu();
-}
-
-/*
- * We also catch the end of context switch; we enter lazy mode for much of
- * that too, so again we need to flush here.
- *
- * (Technically, this is lazy CPU mode, and normally we're in lazy MMU
- * mode, but unlike Xen, lguest doesn't care about the difference).
- */
-static void lguest_end_context_switch(struct task_struct *next)
-{
- hcall(LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC, 0, 0, 0, 0);
- paravirt_end_context_switch(next);
-}
-
-/*G:032
- * After that diversion we return to our first native-instruction
- * replacements: four functions for interrupt control.
- *
- * The simplest way of implementing these would be to have "turn interrupts
- * off" and "turn interrupts on" hypercalls. Unfortunately, this is too slow:
- * these are by far the most commonly called functions of those we override.
- *
- * So instead we keep an "irq_enabled" field inside our "struct lguest_data",
- * which the Guest can update with a single instruction. The Host knows to
- * check there before it tries to deliver an interrupt.
- */
-
-/*
- * save_flags() is expected to return the processor state (ie. "flags"). The
- * flags word contains all kind of stuff, but in practice Linux only cares
- * about the interrupt flag. Our "save_flags()" just returns that.
- */
-asmlinkage __visible unsigned long lguest_save_fl(void)
-{
- return lguest_data.irq_enabled;
-}
-
-/* Interrupts go off... */
-asmlinkage __visible void lguest_irq_disable(void)
-{
- lguest_data.irq_enabled = 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * Let's pause a moment. Remember how I said these are called so often?
- * Jeremy Fitzhardinge optimized them so hard early in 2009 that he had to
- * break some rules. In particular, these functions are assumed to save their
- * own registers if they need to: normal C functions assume they can trash the
- * eax register. To use normal C functions, we use
- * PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(), which pushes %eax onto the stack, calls the
- * C function, then restores it.
- */
-PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(lguest_save_fl);
-PV_CALLEE_SAVE_REGS_THUNK(lguest_irq_disable);
-/*:*/
-
-/* These are in head_32.S */
-extern void lg_irq_enable(void);
-extern void lg_restore_fl(unsigned long flags);
-
-/*M:003
- * We could be more efficient in our checking of outstanding interrupts, rather
- * than using a branch. One way would be to put the "irq_enabled" field in a
- * page by itself, and have the Host write-protect it when an interrupt comes
- * in when irqs are disabled. There will then be a page fault as soon as
- * interrupts are re-enabled.
- *
- * A better method is to implement soft interrupt disable generally for x86:
- * instead of disabling interrupts, we set a flag. If an interrupt does come
- * in, we then disable them for real. This is uncommon, so we could simply use
- * a hypercall for interrupt control and not worry about efficiency.
-:*/
-
-/*G:034
- * The Interrupt Descriptor Table (IDT).
- *
- * The IDT tells the processor what to do when an interrupt comes in. Each
- * entry in the table is a 64-bit descriptor: this holds the privilege level,
- * address of the handler, and... well, who cares? The Guest just asks the
- * Host to make the change anyway, because the Host controls the real IDT.
- */
-static void lguest_write_idt_entry(gate_desc *dt,
- int entrynum, const gate_desc *g)
-{
- /*
- * The gate_desc structure is 8 bytes long: we hand it to the Host in
- * two 32-bit chunks. The whole 32-bit kernel used to hand descriptors
- * around like this; typesafety wasn't a big concern in Linux's early
- * years.
- */
- u32 *desc = (u32 *)g;
- /* Keep the local copy up to date. */
- native_write_idt_entry(dt, entrynum, g);
- /* Tell Host about this new entry. */
- hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY, entrynum, desc[0], desc[1], 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * Changing to a different IDT is very rare: we keep the IDT up-to-date every
- * time it is written, so we can simply loop through all entries and tell the
- * Host about them.
- */
-static void lguest_load_idt(const struct desc_ptr *desc)
-{
- unsigned int i;
- struct desc_struct *idt = (void *)desc->address;
-
- for (i = 0; i < (desc->size+1)/8; i++)
- hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY, i, idt[i].a, idt[i].b, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * The Global Descriptor Table.
- *
- * The Intel architecture defines another table, called the Global Descriptor
- * Table (GDT). You tell the CPU where it is (and its size) using the "lgdt"
- * instruction, and then several other instructions refer to entries in the
- * table. There are three entries which the Switcher needs, so the Host simply
- * controls the entire thing and the Guest asks it to make changes using the
- * LOAD_GDT hypercall.
- *
- * This is the exactly like the IDT code.
- */
-static void lguest_load_gdt(const struct desc_ptr *desc)
-{
- unsigned int i;
- struct desc_struct *gdt = (void *)desc->address;
-
- for (i = 0; i < (desc->size+1)/8; i++)
- hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_GDT_ENTRY, i, gdt[i].a, gdt[i].b, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * For a single GDT entry which changes, we simply change our copy and
- * then tell the host about it.
- */
-static void lguest_write_gdt_entry(struct desc_struct *dt, int entrynum,
- const void *desc, int type)
-{
- native_write_gdt_entry(dt, entrynum, desc, type);
- /* Tell Host about this new entry. */
- hcall(LHCALL_LOAD_GDT_ENTRY, entrynum,
- dt[entrynum].a, dt[entrynum].b, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * There are three "thread local storage" GDT entries which change
- * on every context switch (these three entries are how glibc implements
- * __thread variables). As an optimization, we have a hypercall
- * specifically for this case.
- *
- * Wouldn't it be nicer to have a general LOAD_GDT_ENTRIES hypercall
- * which took a range of entries?
- */
-static void lguest_load_tls(struct thread_struct *t, unsigned int cpu)
-{
- /*
- * There's one problem which normal hardware doesn't have: the Host
- * can't handle us removing entries we're currently using. So we clear
- * the GS register here: if it's needed it'll be reloaded anyway.
- */
- lazy_load_gs(0);
- lazy_hcall2(LHCALL_LOAD_TLS, __pa(&t->tls_array), cpu);
-}
-
-/*G:038
- * That's enough excitement for now, back to ploughing through each of the
- * different pv_ops structures (we're about 1/3 of the way through).
- *
- * This is the Local Descriptor Table, another weird Intel thingy. Linux only
- * uses this for some strange applications like Wine. We don't do anything
- * here, so they'll get an informative and friendly Segmentation Fault.
- */
-static void lguest_set_ldt(const void *addr, unsigned entries)
-{
-}
-
-/*
- * This loads a GDT entry into the "Task Register": that entry points to a
- * structure called the Task State Segment. Some comments scattered though the
- * kernel code indicate that this used for task switching in ages past, along
- * with blood sacrifice and astrology.
- *
- * Now there's nothing interesting in here that we don't get told elsewhere.
- * But the native version uses the "ltr" instruction, which makes the Host
- * complain to the Guest about a Segmentation Fault and it'll oops. So we
- * override the native version with a do-nothing version.
- */
-static void lguest_load_tr_desc(void)
-{
-}
-
-/*
- * The "cpuid" instruction is a way of querying both the CPU identity
- * (manufacturer, model, etc) and its features. It was introduced before the
- * Pentium in 1993 and keeps getting extended by both Intel, AMD and others.
- * As you might imagine, after a decade and a half this treatment, it is now a
- * giant ball of hair. Its entry in the current Intel manual runs to 28 pages.
- *
- * This instruction even it has its own Wikipedia entry. The Wikipedia entry
- * has been translated into 6 languages. I am not making this up!
- *
- * We could get funky here and identify ourselves as "GenuineLguest", but
- * instead we just use the real "cpuid" instruction. Then I pretty much turned
- * off feature bits until the Guest booted. (Don't say that: you'll damage
- * lguest sales!) Shut up, inner voice! (Hey, just pointing out that this is
- * hardly future proof.) No one's listening! They don't like you anyway,
- * parenthetic weirdo!
- *
- * Replacing the cpuid so we can turn features off is great for the kernel, but
- * anyone (including userspace) can just use the raw "cpuid" instruction and
- * the Host won't even notice since it isn't privileged. So we try not to get
- * too worked up about it.
- */
-static void lguest_cpuid(unsigned int *ax, unsigned int *bx,
- unsigned int *cx, unsigned int *dx)
-{
- int function = *ax;
-
- native_cpuid(ax, bx, cx, dx);
- switch (function) {
- /*
- * CPUID 0 gives the highest legal CPUID number (and the ID string).
- * We futureproof our code a little by sticking to known CPUID values.
- */
- case 0:
- if (*ax > 5)
- *ax = 5;
- break;
-
- /*
- * CPUID 1 is a basic feature request.
- *
- * CX: we only allow kernel to see SSE3, CMPXCHG16B and SSSE3
- * DX: SSE, SSE2, FXSR, MMX, CMOV, CMPXCHG8B, TSC, FPU and PAE.
- */
- case 1:
- *cx &= 0x00002201;
- *dx &= 0x07808151;
- /*
- * The Host can do a nice optimization if it knows that the
- * kernel mappings (addresses above 0xC0000000 or whatever
- * PAGE_OFFSET is set to) haven't changed. But Linux calls
- * flush_tlb_user() for both user and kernel mappings unless
- * the Page Global Enable (PGE) feature bit is set.
- */
- *dx |= 0x00002000;
- /*
- * We also lie, and say we're family id 5. 6 or greater
- * leads to a rdmsr in early_init_intel which we can't handle.
- * Family ID is returned as bits 8-12 in ax.
- */
- *ax &= 0xFFFFF0FF;
- *ax |= 0x00000500;
- break;
-
- /*
- * This is used to detect if we're running under KVM. We might be,
- * but that's a Host matter, not us. So say we're not.
- */
- case KVM_CPUID_SIGNATURE:
- *bx = *cx = *dx = 0;
- break;
-
- /*
- * 0x80000000 returns the highest Extended Function, so we futureproof
- * like we do above by limiting it to known fields.
- */
- case 0x80000000:
- if (*ax > 0x80000008)
- *ax = 0x80000008;
- break;
-
- /*
- * PAE systems can mark pages as non-executable. Linux calls this the
- * NX bit. Intel calls it XD (eXecute Disable), AMD EVP (Enhanced
- * Virus Protection). We just switch it off here, since we don't
- * support it.
- */
- case 0x80000001:
- *dx &= ~(1 << 20);
- break;
- }
-}
-
-/*
- * Intel has four control registers, imaginatively named cr0, cr2, cr3 and cr4.
- * I assume there's a cr1, but it hasn't bothered us yet, so we'll not bother
- * it. The Host needs to know when the Guest wants to change them, so we have
- * a whole series of functions like read_cr0() and write_cr0().
- *
- * We start with cr0. cr0 allows you to turn on and off all kinds of basic
- * features, but the only cr0 bit that Linux ever used at runtime was the
- * horrifically-named Task Switched (TS) bit at bit 3 (ie. 8)
- *
- * What does the TS bit do? Well, it causes the CPU to trap (interrupt 7) if
- * the floating point unit is used. Which allows us to restore FPU state
- * lazily after a task switch if we wanted to, but wouldn't a name like
- * "FPUTRAP bit" be a little less cryptic?
- *
- * Fortunately, Linux keeps it simple and doesn't use TS, so we can ignore
- * cr0.
- */
-static void lguest_write_cr0(unsigned long val)
-{
-}
-
-static unsigned long lguest_read_cr0(void)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * cr2 is the virtual address of the last page fault, which the Guest only ever
- * reads. The Host kindly writes this into our "struct lguest_data", so we
- * just read it out of there.
- */
-static unsigned long lguest_read_cr2(void)
-{
- return lguest_data.cr2;
-}
-
-/* See lguest_set_pte() below. */
-static bool cr3_changed = false;
-static unsigned long current_cr3;
-
-/*
- * cr3 is the current toplevel pagetable page: the principle is the same as
- * cr0. Keep a local copy, and tell the Host when it changes.
- */
-static void lguest_write_cr3(unsigned long cr3)
-{
- lazy_hcall1(LHCALL_NEW_PGTABLE, cr3);
- current_cr3 = cr3;
-
- /* These two page tables are simple, linear, and used during boot */
- if (cr3 != __pa_symbol(swapper_pg_dir) &&
- cr3 != __pa_symbol(initial_page_table))
- cr3_changed = true;
-}
-
-static unsigned long lguest_read_cr3(void)
-{
- return current_cr3;
-}
-
-/* cr4 is used to enable and disable PGE, but we don't care. */
-static unsigned long lguest_read_cr4(void)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
-static void lguest_write_cr4(unsigned long val)
-{
-}
-
-/*
- * Page Table Handling.
- *
- * Now would be a good time to take a rest and grab a coffee or similarly
- * relaxing stimulant. The easy parts are behind us, and the trek gradually
- * winds uphill from here.
- *
- * Quick refresher: memory is divided into "pages" of 4096 bytes each. The CPU
- * maps virtual addresses to physical addresses using "page tables". We could
- * use one huge index of 1 million entries: each address is 4 bytes, so that's
- * 1024 pages just to hold the page tables. But since most virtual addresses
- * are unused, we use a two level index which saves space. The cr3 register
- * contains the physical address of the top level "page directory" page, which
- * contains physical addresses of up to 1024 second-level pages. Each of these
- * second level pages contains up to 1024 physical addresses of actual pages,
- * or Page Table Entries (PTEs).
- *
- * Here's a diagram, where arrows indicate physical addresses:
- *
- * cr3 ---> +---------+
- * | --------->+---------+
- * | | | PADDR1 |
- * Mid-level | | PADDR2 |
- * (PMD) page | | |
- * | | Lower-level |
- * | | (PTE) page |
- * | | | |
- * .... ....
- *
- * So to convert a virtual address to a physical address, we look up the top
- * level, which points us to the second level, which gives us the physical
- * address of that page. If the top level entry was not present, or the second
- * level entry was not present, then the virtual address is invalid (we
- * say "the page was not mapped").
- *
- * Put another way, a 32-bit virtual address is divided up like so:
- *
- * 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
- * |<---- 10 bits ---->|<---- 10 bits ---->|<------ 12 bits ------>|
- * Index into top Index into second Offset within page
- * page directory page pagetable page
- *
- * Now, unfortunately, this isn't the whole story: Intel added Physical Address
- * Extension (PAE) to allow 32 bit systems to use 64GB of memory (ie. 36 bits).
- * These are held in 64-bit page table entries, so we can now only fit 512
- * entries in a page, and the neat three-level tree breaks down.
- *
- * The result is a four level page table:
- *
- * cr3 --> [ 4 Upper ]
- * [ Level ]
- * [ Entries ]
- * [(PUD Page)]---> +---------+
- * | --------->+---------+
- * | | | PADDR1 |
- * Mid-level | | PADDR2 |
- * (PMD) page | | |
- * | | Lower-level |
- * | | (PTE) page |
- * | | | |
- * .... ....
- *
- *
- * And the virtual address is decoded as:
- *
- * 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
- * |<-2->|<--- 9 bits ---->|<---- 9 bits --->|<------ 12 bits ------>|
- * Index into Index into mid Index into lower Offset within page
- * top entries directory page pagetable page
- *
- * It's too hard to switch between these two formats at runtime, so Linux only
- * supports one or the other depending on whether CONFIG_X86_PAE is set. Many
- * distributions turn it on, and not just for people with silly amounts of
- * memory: the larger PTE entries allow room for the NX bit, which lets the
- * kernel disable execution of pages and increase security.
- *
- * This was a problem for lguest, which couldn't run on these distributions;
- * then Matias Zabaljauregui figured it all out and implemented it, and only a
- * handful of puppies were crushed in the process!
- *
- * Back to our point: the kernel spends a lot of time changing both the
- * top-level page directory and lower-level pagetable pages. The Guest doesn't
- * know physical addresses, so while it maintains these page tables exactly
- * like normal, it also needs to keep the Host informed whenever it makes a
- * change: the Host will create the real page tables based on the Guests'.
- */
-
-/*
- * The Guest calls this after it has set a second-level entry (pte), ie. to map
- * a page into a process' address space. We tell the Host the toplevel and
- * address this corresponds to. The Guest uses one pagetable per process, so
- * we need to tell the Host which one we're changing (mm->pgd).
- */
-static void lguest_pte_update(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
- pte_t *ptep)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- /* PAE needs to hand a 64 bit page table entry, so it uses two args. */
- lazy_hcall4(LHCALL_SET_PTE, __pa(mm->pgd), addr,
- ptep->pte_low, ptep->pte_high);
-#else
- lazy_hcall3(LHCALL_SET_PTE, __pa(mm->pgd), addr, ptep->pte_low);
-#endif
-}
-
-/* This is the "set and update" combo-meal-deal version. */
-static void lguest_set_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
- pte_t *ptep, pte_t pteval)
-{
- native_set_pte(ptep, pteval);
- lguest_pte_update(mm, addr, ptep);
-}
-
-/*
- * The Guest calls lguest_set_pud to set a top-level entry and lguest_set_pmd
- * to set a middle-level entry when PAE is activated.
- *
- * Again, we set the entry then tell the Host which page we changed,
- * and the index of the entry we changed.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-static void lguest_set_pud(pud_t *pudp, pud_t pudval)
-{
- native_set_pud(pudp, pudval);
-
- /* 32 bytes aligned pdpt address and the index. */
- lazy_hcall2(LHCALL_SET_PGD, __pa(pudp) & 0xFFFFFFE0,
- (__pa(pudp) & 0x1F) / sizeof(pud_t));
-}
-
-static void lguest_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmdval)
-{
- native_set_pmd(pmdp, pmdval);
- lazy_hcall2(LHCALL_SET_PMD, __pa(pmdp) & PAGE_MASK,
- (__pa(pmdp) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) / sizeof(pmd_t));
-}
-#else
-
-/* The Guest calls lguest_set_pmd to set a top-level entry when !PAE. */
-static void lguest_set_pmd(pmd_t *pmdp, pmd_t pmdval)
-{
- native_set_pmd(pmdp, pmdval);
- lazy_hcall2(LHCALL_SET_PGD, __pa(pmdp) & PAGE_MASK,
- (__pa(pmdp) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) / sizeof(pmd_t));
-}
-#endif
-
-/*
- * There are a couple of legacy places where the kernel sets a PTE, but we
- * don't know the top level any more. This is useless for us, since we don't
- * know which pagetable is changing or what address, so we just tell the Host
- * to forget all of them. Fortunately, this is very rare.
- *
- * ... except in early boot when the kernel sets up the initial pagetables,
- * which makes booting astonishingly slow: 48 seconds! So we don't even tell
- * the Host anything changed until we've done the first real page table switch,
- * which brings boot back to 4.3 seconds.
- */
-static void lguest_set_pte(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pteval)
-{
- native_set_pte(ptep, pteval);
- if (cr3_changed)
- lazy_hcall1(LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB, 1);
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-/*
- * With 64-bit PTE values, we need to be careful setting them: if we set 32
- * bits at a time, the hardware could see a weird half-set entry. These
- * versions ensure we update all 64 bits at once.
- */
-static void lguest_set_pte_atomic(pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte)
-{
- native_set_pte_atomic(ptep, pte);
- if (cr3_changed)
- lazy_hcall1(LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB, 1);
-}
-
-static void lguest_pte_clear(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
- pte_t *ptep)
-{
- native_pte_clear(mm, addr, ptep);
- lguest_pte_update(mm, addr, ptep);
-}
-
-static void lguest_pmd_clear(pmd_t *pmdp)
-{
- lguest_set_pmd(pmdp, __pmd(0));
-}
-#endif
-
-/*
- * Unfortunately for Lguest, the pv_mmu_ops for page tables were based on
- * native page table operations. On native hardware you can set a new page
- * table entry whenever you want, but if you want to remove one you have to do
- * a TLB flush (a TLB is a little cache of page table entries kept by the CPU).
- *
- * So the lguest_set_pte_at() and lguest_set_pmd() functions above are only
- * called when a valid entry is written, not when it's removed (ie. marked not
- * present). Instead, this is where we come when the Guest wants to remove a
- * page table entry: we tell the Host to set that entry to 0 (ie. the present
- * bit is zero).
- */
-static void lguest_flush_tlb_single(unsigned long addr)
-{
- /* Simply set it to zero: if it was not, it will fault back in. */
- lazy_hcall3(LHCALL_SET_PTE, current_cr3, addr, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * This is what happens after the Guest has removed a large number of entries.
- * This tells the Host that any of the page table entries for userspace might
- * have changed, ie. virtual addresses below PAGE_OFFSET.
- */
-static void lguest_flush_tlb_user(void)
-{
- lazy_hcall1(LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * This is called when the kernel page tables have changed. That's not very
- * common (unless the Guest is using highmem, which makes the Guest extremely
- * slow), so it's worth separating this from the user flushing above.
- */
-static void lguest_flush_tlb_kernel(void)
-{
- lazy_hcall1(LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB, 1);
-}
-
-/*
- * The Unadvanced Programmable Interrupt Controller.
- *
- * This is an attempt to implement the simplest possible interrupt controller.
- * I spent some time looking though routines like set_irq_chip_and_handler,
- * set_irq_chip_and_handler_name, set_irq_chip_data and set_phasers_to_stun and
- * I *think* this is as simple as it gets.
- *
- * We can tell the Host what interrupts we want blocked ready for using the
- * lguest_data.interrupts bitmap, so disabling (aka "masking") them is as
- * simple as setting a bit. We don't actually "ack" interrupts as such, we
- * just mask and unmask them. I wonder if we should be cleverer?
- */
-static void disable_lguest_irq(struct irq_data *data)
-{
- set_bit(data->irq, lguest_data.blocked_interrupts);
-}
-
-static void enable_lguest_irq(struct irq_data *data)
-{
- clear_bit(data->irq, lguest_data.blocked_interrupts);
-}
-
-/* This structure describes the lguest IRQ controller. */
-static struct irq_chip lguest_irq_controller = {
- .name = "lguest",
- .irq_mask = disable_lguest_irq,
- .irq_mask_ack = disable_lguest_irq,
- .irq_unmask = enable_lguest_irq,
-};
-
-/*
- * Interrupt descriptors are allocated as-needed, but low-numbered ones are
- * reserved by the generic x86 code. So we ignore irq_alloc_desc_at if it
- * tells us the irq is already used: other errors (ie. ENOMEM) we take
- * seriously.
- */
-static int lguest_setup_irq(unsigned int irq)
-{
- struct irq_desc *desc;
- int err;
-
- /* Returns -ve error or vector number. */
- err = irq_alloc_desc_at(irq, 0);
- if (err < 0 && err != -EEXIST)
- return err;
-
- /*
- * Tell the Linux infrastructure that the interrupt is
- * controlled by our level-based lguest interrupt controller.
- */
- irq_set_chip_and_handler_name(irq, &lguest_irq_controller,
- handle_level_irq, "level");
-
- /* Some systems map "vectors" to interrupts weirdly. Not us! */
- desc = irq_to_desc(irq);
- __this_cpu_write(vector_irq[FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR + irq], desc);
- return 0;
-}
-
-static int lguest_enable_irq(struct pci_dev *dev)
-{
- int err;
- u8 line = 0;
-
- /* We literally use the PCI interrupt line as the irq number. */
- pci_read_config_byte(dev, PCI_INTERRUPT_LINE, &line);
- err = lguest_setup_irq(line);
- if (!err)
- dev->irq = line;
- return err;
-}
-
-/* We don't do hotplug PCI, so this shouldn't be called. */
-static void lguest_disable_irq(struct pci_dev *dev)
-{
- WARN_ON(1);
-}
-
-/*
- * This sets up the Interrupt Descriptor Table (IDT) entry for each hardware
- * interrupt (except 128, which is used for system calls).
- */
-static void __init lguest_init_IRQ(void)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR; i < FIRST_SYSTEM_VECTOR; i++) {
- if (i != IA32_SYSCALL_VECTOR)
- set_intr_gate(i, irq_entries_start +
- 8 * (i - FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR));
- }
-
- /*
- * This call is required to set up for 4k stacks, where we have
- * separate stacks for hard and soft interrupts.
- */
- irq_ctx_init(smp_processor_id());
-}
-
-/*
- * Time.
- *
- * It would be far better for everyone if the Guest had its own clock, but
- * until then the Host gives us the time on every interrupt.
- */
-static void lguest_get_wallclock(struct timespec *now)
-{
- *now = lguest_data.time;
-}
-
-/*
- * The TSC is an Intel thing called the Time Stamp Counter. The Host tells us
- * what speed it runs at, or 0 if it's unusable as a reliable clock source.
- * This matches what we want here: if we return 0 from this function, the x86
- * TSC clock will give up and not register itself.
- */
-static unsigned long lguest_tsc_khz(void)
-{
- return lguest_data.tsc_khz;
-}
-
-/*
- * If we can't use the TSC, the kernel falls back to our lower-priority
- * "lguest_clock", where we read the time value given to us by the Host.
- */
-static u64 lguest_clock_read(struct clocksource *cs)
-{
- unsigned long sec, nsec;
-
- /*
- * Since the time is in two parts (seconds and nanoseconds), we risk
- * reading it just as it's changing from 99 & 0.999999999 to 100 and 0,
- * and getting 99 and 0. As Linux tends to come apart under the stress
- * of time travel, we must be careful:
- */
- do {
- /* First we read the seconds part. */
- sec = lguest_data.time.tv_sec;
- /*
- * This read memory barrier tells the compiler and the CPU that
- * this can't be reordered: we have to complete the above
- * before going on.
- */
- rmb();
- /* Now we read the nanoseconds part. */
- nsec = lguest_data.time.tv_nsec;
- /* Make sure we've done that. */
- rmb();
- /* Now if the seconds part has changed, try again. */
- } while (unlikely(lguest_data.time.tv_sec != sec));
-
- /* Our lguest clock is in real nanoseconds. */
- return sec*1000000000ULL + nsec;
-}
-
-/* This is the fallback clocksource: lower priority than the TSC clocksource. */
-static struct clocksource lguest_clock = {
- .name = "lguest",
- .rating = 200,
- .read = lguest_clock_read,
- .mask = CLOCKSOURCE_MASK(64),
- .flags = CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS,
-};
-
-/*
- * We also need a "struct clock_event_device": Linux asks us to set it to go
- * off some time in the future. Actually, James Morris figured all this out, I
- * just applied the patch.
- */
-static int lguest_clockevent_set_next_event(unsigned long delta,
- struct clock_event_device *evt)
-{
- /* FIXME: I don't think this can ever happen, but James tells me he had
- * to put this code in. Maybe we should remove it now. Anyone? */
- if (delta < LG_CLOCK_MIN_DELTA) {
- if (printk_ratelimit())
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: small delta %lu ns\n",
- __func__, delta);
- return -ETIME;
- }
-
- /* Please wake us this far in the future. */
- hcall(LHCALL_SET_CLOCKEVENT, delta, 0, 0, 0);
- return 0;
-}
-
-static int lguest_clockevent_shutdown(struct clock_event_device *evt)
-{
- /* A 0 argument shuts the clock down. */
- hcall(LHCALL_SET_CLOCKEVENT, 0, 0, 0, 0);
- return 0;
-}
-
-/* This describes our primitive timer chip. */
-static struct clock_event_device lguest_clockevent = {
- .name = "lguest",
- .features = CLOCK_EVT_FEAT_ONESHOT,
- .set_next_event = lguest_clockevent_set_next_event,
- .set_state_shutdown = lguest_clockevent_shutdown,
- .rating = INT_MAX,
- .mult = 1,
- .shift = 0,
- .min_delta_ns = LG_CLOCK_MIN_DELTA,
- .min_delta_ticks = LG_CLOCK_MIN_DELTA,
- .max_delta_ns = LG_CLOCK_MAX_DELTA,
- .max_delta_ticks = LG_CLOCK_MAX_DELTA,
-};
-
-/*
- * This is the Guest timer interrupt handler (hardware interrupt 0). We just
- * call the clockevent infrastructure and it does whatever needs doing.
- */
-static void lguest_time_irq(struct irq_desc *desc)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
-
- /* Don't interrupt us while this is running. */
- local_irq_save(flags);
- lguest_clockevent.event_handler(&lguest_clockevent);
- local_irq_restore(flags);
-}
-
-/*
- * At some point in the boot process, we get asked to set up our timing
- * infrastructure. The kernel doesn't expect timer interrupts before this, but
- * we cleverly initialized the "blocked_interrupts" field of "struct
- * lguest_data" so that timer interrupts were blocked until now.
- */
-static void lguest_time_init(void)
-{
- /* Set up the timer interrupt (0) to go to our simple timer routine */
- if (lguest_setup_irq(0) != 0)
- panic("Could not set up timer irq");
- irq_set_handler(0, lguest_time_irq);
-
- clocksource_register_hz(&lguest_clock, NSEC_PER_SEC);
-
- /* We can't set cpumask in the initializer: damn C limitations! Set it
- * here and register our timer device. */
- lguest_clockevent.cpumask = cpumask_of(0);
- clockevents_register_device(&lguest_clockevent);
-
- /* Finally, we unblock the timer interrupt. */
- clear_bit(0, lguest_data.blocked_interrupts);
-}
-
-/*
- * Miscellaneous bits and pieces.
- *
- * Here is an oddball collection of functions which the Guest needs for things
- * to work. They're pretty simple.
- */
-
-/*
- * The Guest needs to tell the Host what stack it expects traps to use. For
- * native hardware, this is part of the Task State Segment mentioned above in
- * lguest_load_tr_desc(), but to help hypervisors there's this special call.
- *
- * We tell the Host the segment we want to use (__KERNEL_DS is the kernel data
- * segment), the privilege level (we're privilege level 1, the Host is 0 and
- * will not tolerate us trying to use that), the stack pointer, and the number
- * of pages in the stack.
- */
-static void lguest_load_sp0(struct tss_struct *tss,
- struct thread_struct *thread)
-{
- lazy_hcall3(LHCALL_SET_STACK, __KERNEL_DS | 0x1, thread->sp0,
- THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
- tss->x86_tss.sp0 = thread->sp0;
-}
-
-/* Let's just say, I wouldn't do debugging under a Guest. */
-static unsigned long lguest_get_debugreg(int regno)
-{
- /* FIXME: Implement */
- return 0;
-}
-
-static void lguest_set_debugreg(int regno, unsigned long value)
-{
- /* FIXME: Implement */
-}
-
-/*
- * There are times when the kernel wants to make sure that no memory writes are
- * caught in the cache (that they've all reached real hardware devices). This
- * doesn't matter for the Guest which has virtual hardware.
- *
- * On the Pentium 4 and above, cpuid() indicates that the Cache Line Flush
- * (clflush) instruction is available and the kernel uses that. Otherwise, it
- * uses the older "Write Back and Invalidate Cache" (wbinvd) instruction.
- * Unlike clflush, wbinvd can only be run at privilege level 0. So we can
- * ignore clflush, but replace wbinvd.
- */
-static void lguest_wbinvd(void)
-{
-}
-
-/*
- * If the Guest expects to have an Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller,
- * we play dumb by ignoring writes and returning 0 for reads. So it's no
- * longer Programmable nor Controlling anything, and I don't think 8 lines of
- * code qualifies for Advanced. It will also never interrupt anything. It
- * does, however, allow us to get through the Linux boot code.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
-static void lguest_apic_write(u32 reg, u32 v)
-{
-}
-
-static u32 lguest_apic_read(u32 reg)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
-static u64 lguest_apic_icr_read(void)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
-static void lguest_apic_icr_write(u32 low, u32 id)
-{
- /* Warn to see if there's any stray references */
- WARN_ON(1);
-}
-
-static void lguest_apic_wait_icr_idle(void)
-{
- return;
-}
-
-static u32 lguest_apic_safe_wait_icr_idle(void)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
-static void set_lguest_basic_apic_ops(void)
-{
- apic->read = lguest_apic_read;
- apic->write = lguest_apic_write;
- apic->icr_read = lguest_apic_icr_read;
- apic->icr_write = lguest_apic_icr_write;
- apic->wait_icr_idle = lguest_apic_wait_icr_idle;
- apic->safe_wait_icr_idle = lguest_apic_safe_wait_icr_idle;
-};
-#endif
-
-/* STOP! Until an interrupt comes in. */
-static void lguest_safe_halt(void)
-{
- hcall(LHCALL_HALT, 0, 0, 0, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * The SHUTDOWN hypercall takes a string to describe what's happening, and
- * an argument which says whether this to restart (reboot) the Guest or not.
- *
- * Note that the Host always prefers that the Guest speak in physical addresses
- * rather than virtual addresses, so we use __pa() here.
- */
-static void lguest_power_off(void)
-{
- hcall(LHCALL_SHUTDOWN, __pa("Power down"),
- LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_POWEROFF, 0, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * Panicing.
- *
- * Don't. But if you did, this is what happens.
- */
-static int lguest_panic(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long l, void *p)
-{
- hcall(LHCALL_SHUTDOWN, __pa(p), LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_POWEROFF, 0, 0);
- /* The hcall won't return, but to keep gcc happy, we're "done". */
- return NOTIFY_DONE;
-}
-
-static struct notifier_block paniced = {
- .notifier_call = lguest_panic
-};
-
-/* Setting up memory is fairly easy. */
-static __init char *lguest_memory_setup(void)
-{
- /*
- * The Linux bootloader header contains an "e820" memory map: the
- * Launcher populated the first entry with our memory limit.
- */
- e820__range_add(boot_params.e820_table[0].addr,
- boot_params.e820_table[0].size,
- boot_params.e820_table[0].type);
-
- /* This string is for the boot messages. */
- return "LGUEST";
-}
-
-/* Offset within PCI config space of BAR access capability. */
-static int console_cfg_offset = 0;
-static int console_access_cap;
-
-/* Set up so that we access off in bar0 (on bus 0, device 1, function 0) */
-static void set_cfg_window(u32 cfg_offset, u32 off)
-{
- write_pci_config_byte(0, 1, 0,
- cfg_offset + offsetof(struct virtio_pci_cap, bar),
- 0);
- write_pci_config(0, 1, 0,
- cfg_offset + offsetof(struct virtio_pci_cap, length),
- 4);
- write_pci_config(0, 1, 0,
- cfg_offset + offsetof(struct virtio_pci_cap, offset),
- off);
-}
-
-static void write_bar_via_cfg(u32 cfg_offset, u32 off, u32 val)
-{
- /*
- * We could set this up once, then leave it; nothing else in the *
- * kernel should touch these registers. But if it went wrong, that
- * would be a horrible bug to find.
- */
- set_cfg_window(cfg_offset, off);
- write_pci_config(0, 1, 0,
- cfg_offset + sizeof(struct virtio_pci_cap), val);
-}
-
-static void probe_pci_console(void)
-{
- u8 cap, common_cap = 0, device_cap = 0;
- u32 device_len;
-
- /* Avoid recursive printk into here. */
- console_cfg_offset = -1;
-
- if (!early_pci_allowed()) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "lguest: early PCI access not allowed!\n");
- return;
- }
-
- /* We expect a console PCI device at BUS0, slot 1. */
- if (read_pci_config(0, 1, 0, 0) != 0x10431AF4) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "lguest: PCI device is %#x!\n",
- read_pci_config(0, 1, 0, 0));
- return;
- }
-
- /* Find the capabilities we need (must be in bar0) */
- cap = read_pci_config_byte(0, 1, 0, PCI_CAPABILITY_LIST);
- while (cap) {
- u8 vndr = read_pci_config_byte(0, 1, 0, cap);
- if (vndr == PCI_CAP_ID_VNDR) {
- u8 type, bar;
-
- type = read_pci_config_byte(0, 1, 0,
- cap + offsetof(struct virtio_pci_cap, cfg_type));
- bar = read_pci_config_byte(0, 1, 0,
- cap + offsetof(struct virtio_pci_cap, bar));
-
- switch (type) {
- case VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_DEVICE_CFG:
- if (bar == 0)
- device_cap = cap;
- break;
- case VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_PCI_CFG:
- console_access_cap = cap;
- break;
- }
- }
- cap = read_pci_config_byte(0, 1, 0, cap + PCI_CAP_LIST_NEXT);
- }
- if (!device_cap || !console_access_cap) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "lguest: No caps (%u/%u/%u) in console!\n",
- common_cap, device_cap, console_access_cap);
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * Note that we can't check features, until we've set the DRIVER
- * status bit. We don't want to do that until we have a real driver,
- * so we just check that the device-specific config has room for
- * emerg_wr. If it doesn't support VIRTIO_CONSOLE_F_EMERG_WRITE
- * it should ignore the access.
- */
- device_len = read_pci_config(0, 1, 0,
- device_cap + offsetof(struct virtio_pci_cap, length));
- if (device_len < (offsetof(struct virtio_console_config, emerg_wr)
- + sizeof(u32))) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "lguest: console missing emerg_wr field\n");
- return;
- }
-
- console_cfg_offset = read_pci_config(0, 1, 0,
- device_cap + offsetof(struct virtio_pci_cap, offset));
- printk(KERN_INFO "lguest: Console via virtio-pci emerg_wr\n");
-}
-
-/*
- * We will eventually use the virtio console device to produce console output,
- * but before that is set up we use the virtio PCI console's backdoor mmio
- * access and the "emergency" write facility (which is legal even before the
- * device is configured).
- */
-static __init int early_put_chars(u32 vtermno, const char *buf, int count)
-{
- /* If we couldn't find PCI console, forget it. */
- if (console_cfg_offset < 0)
- return count;
-
- if (unlikely(!console_cfg_offset)) {
- probe_pci_console();
- if (console_cfg_offset < 0)
- return count;
- }
-
- write_bar_via_cfg(console_access_cap,
- console_cfg_offset
- + offsetof(struct virtio_console_config, emerg_wr),
- buf[0]);
- return 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * Rebooting also tells the Host we're finished, but the RESTART flag tells the
- * Launcher to reboot us.
- */
-static void lguest_restart(char *reason)
-{
- hcall(LHCALL_SHUTDOWN, __pa(reason), LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_RESTART, 0, 0);
-}
-
-/*G:050
- * Patching (Powerfully Placating Performance Pedants)
- *
- * We have already seen that pv_ops structures let us replace simple native
- * instructions with calls to the appropriate back end all throughout the
- * kernel. This allows the same kernel to run as a Guest and as a native
- * kernel, but it's slow because of all the indirect branches.
- *
- * Remember that David Wheeler quote about "Any problem in computer science can
- * be solved with another layer of indirection"? The rest of that quote is
- * "... But that usually will create another problem." This is the first of
- * those problems.
- *
- * Our current solution is to allow the paravirt back end to optionally patch
- * over the indirect calls to replace them with something more efficient. We
- * patch two of the simplest of the most commonly called functions: disable
- * interrupts and save interrupts. We usually have 6 or 10 bytes to patch
- * into: the Guest versions of these operations are small enough that we can
- * fit comfortably.
- *
- * First we need assembly templates of each of the patchable Guest operations,
- * and these are in head_32.S.
- */
-
-/*G:060 We construct a table from the assembler templates: */
-static const struct lguest_insns
-{
- const char *start, *end;
-} lguest_insns[] = {
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(pv_irq_ops.irq_disable)] = { lgstart_cli, lgend_cli },
- [PARAVIRT_PATCH(pv_irq_ops.save_fl)] = { lgstart_pushf, lgend_pushf },
-};
-
-/*
- * Now our patch routine is fairly simple (based on the native one in
- * paravirt.c). If we have a replacement, we copy it in and return how much of
- * the available space we used.
- */
-static unsigned lguest_patch(u8 type, u16 clobber, void *ibuf,
- unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
-{
- unsigned int insn_len;
-
- /* Don't do anything special if we don't have a replacement */
- if (type >= ARRAY_SIZE(lguest_insns) || !lguest_insns[type].start)
- return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, ibuf, addr, len);
-
- insn_len = lguest_insns[type].end - lguest_insns[type].start;
-
- /* Similarly if it can't fit (doesn't happen, but let's be thorough). */
- if (len < insn_len)
- return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, ibuf, addr, len);
-
- /* Copy in our instructions. */
- memcpy(ibuf, lguest_insns[type].start, insn_len);
- return insn_len;
-}
-
-/*G:029
- * Once we get to lguest_init(), we know we're a Guest. The various
- * pv_ops structures in the kernel provide points for (almost) every routine we
- * have to override to avoid privileged instructions.
- */
-__init void lguest_init(void)
-{
- /* We're under lguest. */
- pv_info.name = "lguest";
- /* We're running at privilege level 1, not 0 as normal. */
- pv_info.kernel_rpl = 1;
- /* Everyone except Xen runs with this set. */
- pv_info.shared_kernel_pmd = 1;
-
- /*
- * We set up all the lguest overrides for sensitive operations. These
- * are detailed with the operations themselves.
- */
-
- /* Interrupt-related operations */
- pv_irq_ops.save_fl = PV_CALLEE_SAVE(lguest_save_fl);
- pv_irq_ops.restore_fl = __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(lg_restore_fl);
- pv_irq_ops.irq_disable = PV_CALLEE_SAVE(lguest_irq_disable);
- pv_irq_ops.irq_enable = __PV_IS_CALLEE_SAVE(lg_irq_enable);
- pv_irq_ops.safe_halt = lguest_safe_halt;
-
- /* Setup operations */
- pv_init_ops.patch = lguest_patch;
-
- /* Intercepts of various CPU instructions */
- pv_cpu_ops.load_gdt = lguest_load_gdt;
- pv_cpu_ops.cpuid = lguest_cpuid;
- pv_cpu_ops.load_idt = lguest_load_idt;
- pv_cpu_ops.iret = lguest_iret;
- pv_cpu_ops.load_sp0 = lguest_load_sp0;
- pv_cpu_ops.load_tr_desc = lguest_load_tr_desc;
- pv_cpu_ops.set_ldt = lguest_set_ldt;
- pv_cpu_ops.load_tls = lguest_load_tls;
- pv_cpu_ops.get_debugreg = lguest_get_debugreg;
- pv_cpu_ops.set_debugreg = lguest_set_debugreg;
- pv_cpu_ops.read_cr0 = lguest_read_cr0;
- pv_cpu_ops.write_cr0 = lguest_write_cr0;
- pv_cpu_ops.read_cr4 = lguest_read_cr4;
- pv_cpu_ops.write_cr4 = lguest_write_cr4;
- pv_cpu_ops.write_gdt_entry = lguest_write_gdt_entry;
- pv_cpu_ops.write_idt_entry = lguest_write_idt_entry;
- pv_cpu_ops.wbinvd = lguest_wbinvd;
- pv_cpu_ops.start_context_switch = paravirt_start_context_switch;
- pv_cpu_ops.end_context_switch = lguest_end_context_switch;
-
- /* Pagetable management */
- pv_mmu_ops.write_cr3 = lguest_write_cr3;
- pv_mmu_ops.flush_tlb_user = lguest_flush_tlb_user;
- pv_mmu_ops.flush_tlb_single = lguest_flush_tlb_single;
- pv_mmu_ops.flush_tlb_kernel = lguest_flush_tlb_kernel;
- pv_mmu_ops.set_pte = lguest_set_pte;
- pv_mmu_ops.set_pte_at = lguest_set_pte_at;
- pv_mmu_ops.set_pmd = lguest_set_pmd;
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- pv_mmu_ops.set_pte_atomic = lguest_set_pte_atomic;
- pv_mmu_ops.pte_clear = lguest_pte_clear;
- pv_mmu_ops.pmd_clear = lguest_pmd_clear;
- pv_mmu_ops.set_pud = lguest_set_pud;
-#endif
- pv_mmu_ops.read_cr2 = lguest_read_cr2;
- pv_mmu_ops.read_cr3 = lguest_read_cr3;
- pv_mmu_ops.lazy_mode.enter = paravirt_enter_lazy_mmu;
- pv_mmu_ops.lazy_mode.leave = lguest_leave_lazy_mmu_mode;
- pv_mmu_ops.lazy_mode.flush = paravirt_flush_lazy_mmu;
- pv_mmu_ops.pte_update = lguest_pte_update;
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
- /* APIC read/write intercepts */
- set_lguest_basic_apic_ops();
-#endif
-
- x86_init.resources.memory_setup = lguest_memory_setup;
- x86_init.irqs.intr_init = lguest_init_IRQ;
- x86_init.timers.timer_init = lguest_time_init;
- x86_platform.calibrate_tsc = lguest_tsc_khz;
- x86_platform.get_wallclock = lguest_get_wallclock;
-
- /*
- * Now is a good time to look at the implementations of these functions
- * before returning to the rest of lguest_init().
- */
-
- /*G:070
- * Now we've seen all the paravirt_ops, we return to
- * lguest_init() where the rest of the fairly chaotic boot setup
- * occurs.
- */
-
- /*
- * The stack protector is a weird thing where gcc places a canary
- * value on the stack and then checks it on return. This file is
- * compiled with -fno-stack-protector it, so we got this far without
- * problems. The value of the canary is kept at offset 20 from the
- * %gs register, so we need to set that up before calling C functions
- * in other files.
- */
- setup_stack_canary_segment(0);
-
- /*
- * We could just call load_stack_canary_segment(), but we might as well
- * call switch_to_new_gdt() which loads the whole table and sets up the
- * per-cpu segment descriptor register %fs as well.
- */
- switch_to_new_gdt(0);
-
- /*
- * The Host<->Guest Switcher lives at the top of our address space, and
- * the Host told us how big it is when we made LGUEST_INIT hypercall:
- * it put the answer in lguest_data.reserve_mem
- */
- reserve_top_address(lguest_data.reserve_mem);
-
- /* Hook in our special panic hypercall code. */
- atomic_notifier_chain_register(&panic_notifier_list, &paniced);
-
- /*
- * This is messy CPU setup stuff which the native boot code does before
- * start_kernel, so we have to do, too:
- */
- cpu_detect(&new_cpu_data);
- /* head.S usually sets up the first capability word, so do it here. */
- new_cpu_data.x86_capability[CPUID_1_EDX] = cpuid_edx(1);
-
- /* Math is always hard! */
- set_cpu_cap(&new_cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_FPU);
-
- /* We don't have features. We have puppies! Puppies! */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_MCE
- mca_cfg.disabled = true;
-#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI
- acpi_disabled = 1;
-#endif
-
- /*
- * We set the preferred console to "hvc". This is the "hypervisor
- * virtual console" driver written by the PowerPC people, which we also
- * adapted for lguest's use.
- */
- add_preferred_console("hvc", 0, NULL);
-
- /* Register our very early console. */
- virtio_cons_early_init(early_put_chars);
-
- /* Don't let ACPI try to control our PCI interrupts. */
- disable_acpi();
-
- /* We control them ourselves, by overriding these two hooks. */
- pcibios_enable_irq = lguest_enable_irq;
- pcibios_disable_irq = lguest_disable_irq;
-
- /*
- * Last of all, we set the power management poweroff hook to point to
- * the Guest routine to power off, and the reboot hook to our restart
- * routine.
- */
- pm_power_off = lguest_power_off;
- machine_ops.restart = lguest_restart;
-
- /*
- * Now we're set up, call i386_start_kernel() in head32.c and we proceed
- * to boot as normal. It never returns.
- */
- i386_start_kernel();
-}
-/*
- * This marks the end of stage II of our journey, The Guest.
- *
- * It is now time for us to explore the layer of virtual drivers and complete
- * our understanding of the Guest in "make Drivers".
- */
diff --git a/arch/x86/lguest/head_32.S b/arch/x86/lguest/head_32.S
deleted file mode 100644
index d5ae63f5ec5d..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/lguest/head_32.S
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,192 +0,0 @@
-#include <linux/linkage.h>
-#include <linux/lguest.h>
-#include <asm/lguest_hcall.h>
-#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
-#include <asm/thread_info.h>
-#include <asm/processor-flags.h>
-
-/*G:020
-
- * Our story starts with the bzImage: booting starts at startup_32 in
- * arch/x86/boot/compressed/head_32.S. This merely uncompresses the real
- * kernel in place and then jumps into it: startup_32 in
- * arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S. Both routines expects a boot header in the %esi
- * register, which is created by the bootloader (the Launcher in our case).
- *
- * The startup_32 function does very little: it clears the uninitialized global
- * C variables which we expect to be zero (ie. BSS) and then copies the boot
- * header and kernel command line somewhere safe, and populates some initial
- * page tables. Finally it checks the 'hardware_subarch' field. This was
- * introduced in 2.6.24 for lguest and Xen: if it's set to '1' (lguest's
- * assigned number), then it calls us here.
- *
- * WARNING: be very careful here! We're running at addresses equal to physical
- * addresses (around 0), not above PAGE_OFFSET as most code expects
- * (eg. 0xC0000000). Jumps are relative, so they're OK, but we can't touch any
- * data without remembering to subtract __PAGE_OFFSET!
- *
- * The .section line puts this code in .init.text so it will be discarded after
- * boot.
- */
-.section .init.text, "ax", @progbits
-ENTRY(lguest_entry)
- /*
- * We make the "initialization" hypercall now to tell the Host where
- * our lguest_data struct is.
- */
- movl $LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT, %eax
- movl $lguest_data - __PAGE_OFFSET, %ebx
- int $LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY
-
- /* Now turn our pagetables on; setup by arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S. */
- movl $LHCALL_NEW_PGTABLE, %eax
- movl $(initial_page_table - __PAGE_OFFSET), %ebx
- int $LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY
-
- /* Set up the initial stack so we can run C code. */
- movl $(init_thread_union+THREAD_SIZE),%esp
-
- /* Jumps are relative: we're running __PAGE_OFFSET too low. */
- jmp lguest_init+__PAGE_OFFSET
-
-/*G:055
- * We create a macro which puts the assembler code between lgstart_ and lgend_
- * markers. These templates are put in the .text section: they can't be
- * discarded after boot as we may need to patch modules, too.
- */
-.text
-#define LGUEST_PATCH(name, insns...) \
- lgstart_##name: insns; lgend_##name:; \
- .globl lgstart_##name; .globl lgend_##name
-
-LGUEST_PATCH(cli, movl $0, lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled)
-LGUEST_PATCH(pushf, movl lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled, %eax)
-
-/*G:033
- * But using those wrappers is inefficient (we'll see why that doesn't matter
- * for save_fl and irq_disable later). If we write our routines carefully in
- * assembler, we can avoid clobbering any registers and avoid jumping through
- * the wrapper functions.
- *
- * I skipped over our first piece of assembler, but this one is worth studying
- * in a bit more detail so I'll describe in easy stages. First, the routine to
- * enable interrupts:
- */
-ENTRY(lg_irq_enable)
- /*
- * The reverse of irq_disable, this sets lguest_data.irq_enabled to
- * X86_EFLAGS_IF (ie. "Interrupts enabled").
- */
- movl $X86_EFLAGS_IF, lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled
- /*
- * But now we need to check if the Host wants to know: there might have
- * been interrupts waiting to be delivered, in which case it will have
- * set lguest_data.irq_pending to X86_EFLAGS_IF. If it's not zero, we
- * jump to send_interrupts, otherwise we're done.
- */
- cmpl $0, lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_pending
- jnz send_interrupts
- /*
- * One cool thing about x86 is that you can do many things without using
- * a register. In this case, the normal path hasn't needed to save or
- * restore any registers at all!
- */
- ret
-send_interrupts:
- /*
- * OK, now we need a register: eax is used for the hypercall number,
- * which is LHCALL_SEND_INTERRUPTS.
- *
- * We used not to bother with this pending detection at all, which was
- * much simpler. Sooner or later the Host would realize it had to
- * send us an interrupt. But that turns out to make performance 7
- * times worse on a simple tcp benchmark. So now we do this the hard
- * way.
- */
- pushl %eax
- movl $LHCALL_SEND_INTERRUPTS, %eax
- /* This is the actual hypercall trap. */
- int $LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY
- /* Put eax back the way we found it. */
- popl %eax
- ret
-
-/*
- * Finally, the "popf" or "restore flags" routine. The %eax register holds the
- * flags (in practice, either X86_EFLAGS_IF or 0): if it's X86_EFLAGS_IF we're
- * enabling interrupts again, if it's 0 we're leaving them off.
- */
-ENTRY(lg_restore_fl)
- /* This is just "lguest_data.irq_enabled = flags;" */
- movl %eax, lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled
- /*
- * Now, if the %eax value has enabled interrupts and
- * lguest_data.irq_pending is set, we want to tell the Host so it can
- * deliver any outstanding interrupts. Fortunately, both values will
- * be X86_EFLAGS_IF (ie. 512) in that case, and the "testl"
- * instruction will AND them together for us. If both are set, we
- * jump to send_interrupts.
- */
- testl lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_pending, %eax
- jnz send_interrupts
- /* Again, the normal path has used no extra registers. Clever, huh? */
- ret
-/*:*/
-
-/* These demark the EIP where host should never deliver interrupts. */
-.global lguest_noirq_iret
-
-/*M:004
- * When the Host reflects a trap or injects an interrupt into the Guest, it
- * sets the eflags interrupt bit on the stack based on lguest_data.irq_enabled,
- * so the Guest iret logic does the right thing when restoring it. However,
- * when the Host sets the Guest up for direct traps, such as system calls, the
- * processor is the one to push eflags onto the stack, and the interrupt bit
- * will be 1 (in reality, interrupts are always enabled in the Guest).
- *
- * This turns out to be harmless: the only trap which should happen under Linux
- * with interrupts disabled is Page Fault (due to our lazy mapping of vmalloc
- * regions), which has to be reflected through the Host anyway. If another
- * trap *does* go off when interrupts are disabled, the Guest will panic, and
- * we'll never get to this iret!
-:*/
-
-/*G:045
- * There is one final paravirt_op that the Guest implements, and glancing at it
- * you can see why I left it to last. It's *cool*! It's in *assembler*!
- *
- * The "iret" instruction is used to return from an interrupt or trap. The
- * stack looks like this:
- * old address
- * old code segment & privilege level
- * old processor flags ("eflags")
- *
- * The "iret" instruction pops those values off the stack and restores them all
- * at once. The only problem is that eflags includes the Interrupt Flag which
- * the Guest can't change: the CPU will simply ignore it when we do an "iret".
- * So we have to copy eflags from the stack to lguest_data.irq_enabled before
- * we do the "iret".
- *
- * There are two problems with this: firstly, we can't clobber any registers
- * and secondly, the whole thing needs to be atomic. The first problem
- * is solved by using "push memory"/"pop memory" instruction pair for copying.
- *
- * The second is harder: copying eflags to lguest_data.irq_enabled will turn
- * interrupts on before we're finished, so we could be interrupted before we
- * return to userspace or wherever. Our solution to this is to tell the
- * Host that it is *never* to interrupt us there, even if interrupts seem to be
- * enabled. (It's not necessary to protect pop instruction, since
- * data gets updated only after it completes, so we only need to protect
- * one instruction, iret).
- */
-ENTRY(lguest_iret)
- pushl 2*4(%esp)
- /*
- * Note the %ss: segment prefix here. Normal data accesses use the
- * "ds" segment, but that will have already been restored for whatever
- * we're returning to (such as userspace): we can't trust it. The %ss:
- * prefix makes sure we use the stack segment, which is still valid.
- */
- popl %ss:lguest_data+LGUEST_DATA_irq_enabled
-lguest_noirq_iret:
- iret
diff --git a/drivers/Makefile b/drivers/Makefile
index dfdcda00bfe3..d90fdc413648 100644
--- a/drivers/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/Makefile
@@ -125,7 +125,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_ACCESSIBILITY) += accessibility/
obj-$(CONFIG_ISDN) += isdn/
obj-$(CONFIG_EDAC) += edac/
obj-$(CONFIG_EISA) += eisa/
-obj-y += lguest/
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_FREQ) += cpufreq/
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_IDLE) += cpuidle/
obj-y += mmc/
diff --git a/drivers/block/Kconfig b/drivers/block/Kconfig
index 8ddc98279c8f..80aaf3420e12 100644
--- a/drivers/block/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/block/Kconfig
@@ -470,7 +470,7 @@ config VIRTIO_BLK
depends on VIRTIO
---help---
This is the virtual block driver for virtio. It can be used with
- lguest or QEMU based VMMs (like KVM or Xen). Say Y or M.
+ QEMU based VMMs (like KVM or Xen). Say Y or M.
config VIRTIO_BLK_SCSI
bool "SCSI passthrough request for the Virtio block driver"
diff --git a/drivers/char/Kconfig b/drivers/char/Kconfig
index ccd239ab879f..623714344600 100644
--- a/drivers/char/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/char/Kconfig
@@ -161,7 +161,7 @@ config VIRTIO_CONSOLE
depends on VIRTIO && TTY
select HVC_DRIVER
help
- Virtio console for use with lguest and other hypervisors.
+ Virtio console for use with hypervisors.
Also serves as a general-purpose serial device for data
transfer between the guest and host. Character devices at
diff --git a/drivers/char/virtio_console.c b/drivers/char/virtio_console.c
index ad843eb02ae7..4d229dde6522 100644
--- a/drivers/char/virtio_console.c
+++ b/drivers/char/virtio_console.c
@@ -1130,7 +1130,7 @@ static const struct file_operations port_fops = {
* We turn the characters into a scatter-gather list, add it to the
* output queue and then kick the Host. Then we sit here waiting for
* it to finish: inefficient in theory, but in practice
- * implementations will do it immediately (lguest's Launcher does).
+ * implementations will do it immediately.
*/
static int put_chars(u32 vtermno, const char *buf, int count)
{
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/Kconfig b/drivers/lguest/Kconfig
deleted file mode 100644
index 169172d2ba05..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/Kconfig
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,13 +0,0 @@
-config LGUEST
- tristate "Linux hypervisor example code"
- depends on X86_32 && EVENTFD && TTY && PCI_DIRECT
- select HVC_DRIVER
- ---help---
- This is a very simple module which allows you to run
- multiple instances of the same Linux kernel, using the
- "lguest" command found in the tools/lguest directory.
-
- Note that "lguest" is pronounced to rhyme with "fell quest",
- not "rustyvisor". See tools/lguest/lguest.txt.
-
- If unsure, say N. If curious, say M. If masochistic, say Y.
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/Makefile b/drivers/lguest/Makefile
deleted file mode 100644
index 16f52ee73994..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/Makefile
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,26 +0,0 @@
-# Host requires the other files, which can be a module.
-obj-$(CONFIG_LGUEST) += lg.o
-lg-y = core.o hypercalls.o page_tables.o interrupts_and_traps.o \
- segments.o lguest_user.o
-
-lg-$(CONFIG_X86_32) += x86/switcher_32.o x86/core.o
-
-Preparation Preparation!: PREFIX=P
-Guest: PREFIX=G
-Drivers: PREFIX=D
-Launcher: PREFIX=L
-Host: PREFIX=H
-Switcher: PREFIX=S
-Mastery: PREFIX=M
-Beer:
- @for f in Preparation Guest Drivers Launcher Host Switcher Mastery; do echo "{==- $$f -==}"; make -s $$f; done; echo "{==-==}"
-Preparation Preparation! Guest Drivers Launcher Host Switcher Mastery:
- @sh ../../tools/lguest/extract $(PREFIX) `find ../../* -name '*.[chS]' -wholename '*lguest*'`
-Puppy:
- @clear
- @printf " __ \n (___()'\`;\n /, /\`\n \\\\\\\"--\\\\\\ \n"
- @sleep 2; clear; printf "\n\n Sit!\n\n"; sleep 1; clear
- @printf " __ \n ()'\`; \n /\\|\` \n / | \n(/_)_|_ \n"
- @sleep 2; clear; printf "\n\n Stand!\n\n"; sleep 1; clear
- @printf " __ \n ()'\`; \n /\\|\` \n /._.= \n /| / \n(_\_)_ \n"
- @sleep 2; clear; printf "\n\n Good puppy!\n\n"; sleep 1; clear
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/README b/drivers/lguest/README
deleted file mode 100644
index b7db39a64c66..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/README
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,47 +0,0 @@
-Welcome, friend reader, to lguest.
-
-Lguest is an adventure, with you, the reader, as Hero. I can't think of many
-5000-line projects which offer both such capability and glimpses of future
-potential; it is an exciting time to be delving into the source!
-
-But be warned; this is an arduous journey of several hours or more! And as we
-know, all true Heroes are driven by a Noble Goal. Thus I offer a Beer (or
-equivalent) to anyone I meet who has completed this documentation.
-
-So get comfortable and keep your wits about you (both quick and humorous).
-Along your way to the Noble Goal, you will also gain masterly insight into
-lguest, and hypervisors and x86 virtualization in general.
-
-Our Quest is in seven parts: (best read with C highlighting turned on)
-
-I) Preparation
- - In which our potential hero is flown quickly over the landscape for a
- taste of its scope. Suitable for the armchair coders and other such
- persons of faint constitution.
-
-II) Guest
- - Where we encounter the first tantalising wisps of code, and come to
- understand the details of the life of a Guest kernel.
-
-III) Drivers
- - Whereby the Guest finds its voice and become useful, and our
- understanding of the Guest is completed.
-
-IV) Launcher
- - Where we trace back to the creation of the Guest, and thus begin our
- understanding of the Host.
-
-V) Host
- - Where we master the Host code, through a long and tortuous journey.
- Indeed, it is here that our hero is tested in the Bit of Despair.
-
-VI) Switcher
- - Where our understanding of the intertwined nature of Guests and Hosts
- is completed.
-
-VII) Mastery
- - Where our fully fledged hero grapples with the Great Question:
- "What next?"
-
-make Preparation!
-Rusty Russell.
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/core.c b/drivers/lguest/core.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 395ed1961dbf..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/core.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,398 +0,0 @@
-/*P:400
- * This contains run_guest() which actually calls into the Host<->Guest
- * Switcher and analyzes the return, such as determining if the Guest wants the
- * Host to do something. This file also contains useful helper routines.
-:*/
-#include <linux/module.h>
-#include <linux/stringify.h>
-#include <linux/stddef.h>
-#include <linux/io.h>
-#include <linux/mm.h>
-#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
-#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
-#include <linux/cpu.h>
-#include <linux/freezer.h>
-#include <linux/highmem.h>
-#include <linux/slab.h>
-#include <asm/paravirt.h>
-#include <asm/pgtable.h>
-#include <linux/uaccess.h>
-#include <asm/poll.h>
-#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
-#include "lg.h"
-
-unsigned long switcher_addr;
-struct page **lg_switcher_pages;
-static struct vm_struct *switcher_text_vma;
-static struct vm_struct *switcher_stacks_vma;
-
-/* This One Big lock protects all inter-guest data structures. */
-DEFINE_MUTEX(lguest_lock);
-
-/*H:010
- * We need to set up the Switcher at a high virtual address. Remember the
- * Switcher is a few hundred bytes of assembler code which actually changes the
- * CPU to run the Guest, and then changes back to the Host when a trap or
- * interrupt happens.
- *
- * The Switcher code must be at the same virtual address in the Guest as the
- * Host since it will be running as the switchover occurs.
- *
- * Trying to map memory at a particular address is an unusual thing to do, so
- * it's not a simple one-liner.
- */
-static __init int map_switcher(void)
-{
- int i, err;
-
- /*
- * Map the Switcher in to high memory.
- *
- * It turns out that if we choose the address 0xFFC00000 (4MB under the
- * top virtual address), it makes setting up the page tables really
- * easy.
- */
-
- /* We assume Switcher text fits into a single page. */
- if (end_switcher_text - start_switcher_text > PAGE_SIZE) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "lguest: switcher text too large (%zu)\n",
- end_switcher_text - start_switcher_text);
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-
- /*
- * We allocate an array of struct page pointers. map_vm_area() wants
- * this, rather than just an array of pages.
- */
- lg_switcher_pages = kmalloc(sizeof(lg_switcher_pages[0])
- * TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES,
- GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!lg_switcher_pages) {
- err = -ENOMEM;
- goto out;
- }
-
- /*
- * Now we actually allocate the pages. The Guest will see these pages,
- * so we make sure they're zeroed.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES; i++) {
- lg_switcher_pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_ZERO);
- if (!lg_switcher_pages[i]) {
- err = -ENOMEM;
- goto free_some_pages;
- }
- }
-
- /*
- * Copy in the compiled-in Switcher code (from x86/switcher_32.S).
- * It goes in the first page, which we map in momentarily.
- */
- memcpy(kmap(lg_switcher_pages[0]), start_switcher_text,
- end_switcher_text - start_switcher_text);
- kunmap(lg_switcher_pages[0]);
-
- /*
- * We place the Switcher underneath the fixmap area, which is the
- * highest virtual address we can get. This is important, since we
- * tell the Guest it can't access this memory, so we want its ceiling
- * as high as possible.
- */
- switcher_addr = FIXADDR_START - TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES*PAGE_SIZE;
-
- /*
- * Now we reserve the "virtual memory area"s we want. We might
- * not get them in theory, but in practice it's worked so far.
- *
- * We want the switcher text to be read-only and executable, and
- * the stacks to be read-write and non-executable.
- */
- switcher_text_vma = __get_vm_area(PAGE_SIZE, VM_ALLOC|VM_NO_GUARD,
- switcher_addr,
- switcher_addr + PAGE_SIZE);
-
- if (!switcher_text_vma) {
- err = -ENOMEM;
- printk("lguest: could not map switcher pages high\n");
- goto free_pages;
- }
-
- switcher_stacks_vma = __get_vm_area(SWITCHER_STACK_PAGES * PAGE_SIZE,
- VM_ALLOC|VM_NO_GUARD,
- switcher_addr + PAGE_SIZE,
- switcher_addr + TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES * PAGE_SIZE);
- if (!switcher_stacks_vma) {
- err = -ENOMEM;
- printk("lguest: could not map switcher pages high\n");
- goto free_text_vma;
- }
-
- /*
- * This code actually sets up the pages we've allocated to appear at
- * switcher_addr. map_vm_area() takes the vma we allocated above, the
- * kind of pages we're mapping (kernel text pages and kernel writable
- * pages respectively), and a pointer to our array of struct pages.
- */
- err = map_vm_area(switcher_text_vma, PAGE_KERNEL_RX, lg_switcher_pages);
- if (err) {
- printk("lguest: text map_vm_area failed: %i\n", err);
- goto free_vmas;
- }
-
- err = map_vm_area(switcher_stacks_vma, PAGE_KERNEL,
- lg_switcher_pages + SWITCHER_TEXT_PAGES);
- if (err) {
- printk("lguest: stacks map_vm_area failed: %i\n", err);
- goto free_vmas;
- }
-
- /*
- * Now the Switcher is mapped at the right address, we can't fail!
- */
- printk(KERN_INFO "lguest: mapped switcher at %p\n",
- switcher_text_vma->addr);
- /* And we succeeded... */
- return 0;
-
-free_vmas:
- /* Undoes map_vm_area and __get_vm_area */
- vunmap(switcher_stacks_vma->addr);
-free_text_vma:
- vunmap(switcher_text_vma->addr);
-free_pages:
- i = TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES;
-free_some_pages:
- for (--i; i >= 0; i--)
- __free_pages(lg_switcher_pages[i], 0);
- kfree(lg_switcher_pages);
-out:
- return err;
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/* Cleaning up the mapping when the module is unloaded is almost... too easy. */
-static void unmap_switcher(void)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- /* vunmap() undoes *both* map_vm_area() and __get_vm_area(). */
- vunmap(switcher_text_vma->addr);
- vunmap(switcher_stacks_vma->addr);
- /* Now we just need to free the pages we copied the switcher into */
- for (i = 0; i < TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES; i++)
- __free_pages(lg_switcher_pages[i], 0);
- kfree(lg_switcher_pages);
-}
-
-/*H:032
- * Dealing With Guest Memory.
- *
- * Before we go too much further into the Host, we need to grok the routines
- * we use to deal with Guest memory.
- *
- * When the Guest gives us (what it thinks is) a physical address, we can use
- * the normal copy_from_user() & copy_to_user() on the corresponding place in
- * the memory region allocated by the Launcher.
- *
- * But we can't trust the Guest: it might be trying to access the Launcher
- * code. We have to check that the range is below the pfn_limit the Launcher
- * gave us. We have to make sure that addr + len doesn't give us a false
- * positive by overflowing, too.
- */
-bool lguest_address_ok(const struct lguest *lg,
- unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
-{
- return addr+len <= lg->pfn_limit * PAGE_SIZE && (addr+len >= addr);
-}
-
-/*
- * This routine copies memory from the Guest. Here we can see how useful the
- * kill_lguest() routine we met in the Launcher can be: we return a random
- * value (all zeroes) instead of needing to return an error.
- */
-void __lgread(struct lg_cpu *cpu, void *b, unsigned long addr, unsigned bytes)
-{
- if (!lguest_address_ok(cpu->lg, addr, bytes)
- || copy_from_user(b, cpu->lg->mem_base + addr, bytes) != 0) {
- /* copy_from_user should do this, but as we rely on it... */
- memset(b, 0, bytes);
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad read address %#lx len %u", addr, bytes);
- }
-}
-
-/* This is the write (copy into Guest) version. */
-void __lgwrite(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long addr, const void *b,
- unsigned bytes)
-{
- if (!lguest_address_ok(cpu->lg, addr, bytes)
- || copy_to_user(cpu->lg->mem_base + addr, b, bytes) != 0)
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad write address %#lx len %u", addr, bytes);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*H:030
- * Let's jump straight to the the main loop which runs the Guest.
- * Remember, this is called by the Launcher reading /dev/lguest, and we keep
- * going around and around until something interesting happens.
- */
-int run_guest(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long __user *user)
-{
- /* If the launcher asked for a register with LHREQ_GETREG */
- if (cpu->reg_read) {
- if (put_user(*cpu->reg_read, user))
- return -EFAULT;
- cpu->reg_read = NULL;
- return sizeof(*cpu->reg_read);
- }
-
- /* We stop running once the Guest is dead. */
- while (!cpu->lg->dead) {
- unsigned int irq;
- bool more;
-
- /* First we run any hypercalls the Guest wants done. */
- if (cpu->hcall)
- do_hypercalls(cpu);
-
- /* Do we have to tell the Launcher about a trap? */
- if (cpu->pending.trap) {
- if (copy_to_user(user, &cpu->pending,
- sizeof(cpu->pending)))
- return -EFAULT;
- return sizeof(cpu->pending);
- }
-
- /*
- * All long-lived kernel loops need to check with this horrible
- * thing called the freezer. If the Host is trying to suspend,
- * it stops us.
- */
- try_to_freeze();
-
- /* Check for signals */
- if (signal_pending(current))
- return -ERESTARTSYS;
-
- /*
- * Check if there are any interrupts which can be delivered now:
- * if so, this sets up the hander to be executed when we next
- * run the Guest.
- */
- irq = interrupt_pending(cpu, &more);
- if (irq < LGUEST_IRQS)
- try_deliver_interrupt(cpu, irq, more);
-
- /*
- * Just make absolutely sure the Guest is still alive. One of
- * those hypercalls could have been fatal, for example.
- */
- if (cpu->lg->dead)
- break;
-
- /*
- * If the Guest asked to be stopped, we sleep. The Guest's
- * clock timer will wake us.
- */
- if (cpu->halted) {
- set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
- /*
- * Just before we sleep, make sure no interrupt snuck in
- * which we should be doing.
- */
- if (interrupt_pending(cpu, &more) < LGUEST_IRQS)
- set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
- else
- schedule();
- continue;
- }
-
- /*
- * OK, now we're ready to jump into the Guest. First we put up
- * the "Do Not Disturb" sign:
- */
- local_irq_disable();
-
- /* Actually run the Guest until something happens. */
- lguest_arch_run_guest(cpu);
-
- /* Now we're ready to be interrupted or moved to other CPUs */
- local_irq_enable();
-
- /* Now we deal with whatever happened to the Guest. */
- lguest_arch_handle_trap(cpu);
- }
-
- /* Special case: Guest is 'dead' but wants a reboot. */
- if (cpu->lg->dead == ERR_PTR(-ERESTART))
- return -ERESTART;
-
- /* The Guest is dead => "No such file or directory" */
- return -ENOENT;
-}
-
-/*H:000
- * Welcome to the Host!
- *
- * By this point your brain has been tickled by the Guest code and numbed by
- * the Launcher code; prepare for it to be stretched by the Host code. This is
- * the heart. Let's begin at the initialization routine for the Host's lg
- * module.
- */
-static int __init init(void)
-{
- int err;
-
- /* Lguest can't run under Xen, VMI or itself. It does Tricky Stuff. */
- if (get_kernel_rpl() != 0) {
- printk("lguest is afraid of being a guest\n");
- return -EPERM;
- }
-
- /* First we put the Switcher up in very high virtual memory. */
- err = map_switcher();
- if (err)
- goto out;
-
- /* We might need to reserve an interrupt vector. */
- err = init_interrupts();
- if (err)
- goto unmap;
-
- /* /dev/lguest needs to be registered. */
- err = lguest_device_init();
- if (err)
- goto free_interrupts;
-
- /* Finally we do some architecture-specific setup. */
- lguest_arch_host_init();
-
- /* All good! */
- return 0;
-
-free_interrupts:
- free_interrupts();
-unmap:
- unmap_switcher();
-out:
- return err;
-}
-
-/* Cleaning up is just the same code, backwards. With a little French. */
-static void __exit fini(void)
-{
- lguest_device_remove();
- free_interrupts();
- unmap_switcher();
-
- lguest_arch_host_fini();
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*
- * The Host side of lguest can be a module. This is a nice way for people to
- * play with it.
- */
-module_init(init);
-module_exit(fini);
-MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
-MODULE_AUTHOR("Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>");
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/hypercalls.c b/drivers/lguest/hypercalls.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 601f81c04873..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/hypercalls.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,304 +0,0 @@
-/*P:500
- * Just as userspace programs request kernel operations through a system
- * call, the Guest requests Host operations through a "hypercall". You might
- * notice this nomenclature doesn't really follow any logic, but the name has
- * been around for long enough that we're stuck with it. As you'd expect, this
- * code is basically a one big switch statement.
-:*/
-
-/* Copyright (C) 2006 Rusty Russell IBM Corporation
-
- This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
- it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
- the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
- (at your option) any later version.
-
- This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
- but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
- GNU General Public License for more details.
-
- You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
- along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
- Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
-*/
-#include <linux/uaccess.h>
-#include <linux/syscalls.h>
-#include <linux/mm.h>
-#include <linux/ktime.h>
-#include <asm/page.h>
-#include <asm/pgtable.h>
-#include "lg.h"
-
-/*H:120
- * This is the core hypercall routine: where the Guest gets what it wants.
- * Or gets killed. Or, in the case of LHCALL_SHUTDOWN, both.
- */
-static void do_hcall(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct hcall_args *args)
-{
- switch (args->arg0) {
- case LHCALL_FLUSH_ASYNC:
- /*
- * This call does nothing, except by breaking out of the Guest
- * it makes us process all the asynchronous hypercalls.
- */
- break;
- case LHCALL_SEND_INTERRUPTS:
- /*
- * This call does nothing too, but by breaking out of the Guest
- * it makes us process any pending interrupts.
- */
- break;
- case LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT:
- /*
- * You can't get here unless you're already initialized. Don't
- * do that.
- */
- kill_guest(cpu, "already have lguest_data");
- break;
- case LHCALL_SHUTDOWN: {
- char msg[128];
- /*
- * Shutdown is such a trivial hypercall that we do it in five
- * lines right here.
- *
- * If the lgread fails, it will call kill_guest() itself; the
- * kill_guest() with the message will be ignored.
- */
- __lgread(cpu, msg, args->arg1, sizeof(msg));
- msg[sizeof(msg)-1] = '\0';
- kill_guest(cpu, "CRASH: %s", msg);
- if (args->arg2 == LGUEST_SHUTDOWN_RESTART)
- cpu->lg->dead = ERR_PTR(-ERESTART);
- break;
- }
- case LHCALL_FLUSH_TLB:
- /* FLUSH_TLB comes in two flavors, depending on the argument: */
- if (args->arg1)
- guest_pagetable_clear_all(cpu);
- else
- guest_pagetable_flush_user(cpu);
- break;
-
- /*
- * All these calls simply pass the arguments through to the right
- * routines.
- */
- case LHCALL_NEW_PGTABLE:
- guest_new_pagetable(cpu, args->arg1);
- break;
- case LHCALL_SET_STACK:
- guest_set_stack(cpu, args->arg1, args->arg2, args->arg3);
- break;
- case LHCALL_SET_PTE:
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- guest_set_pte(cpu, args->arg1, args->arg2,
- __pte(args->arg3 | (u64)args->arg4 << 32));
-#else
- guest_set_pte(cpu, args->arg1, args->arg2, __pte(args->arg3));
-#endif
- break;
- case LHCALL_SET_PGD:
- guest_set_pgd(cpu->lg, args->arg1, args->arg2);
- break;
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- case LHCALL_SET_PMD:
- guest_set_pmd(cpu->lg, args->arg1, args->arg2);
- break;
-#endif
- case LHCALL_SET_CLOCKEVENT:
- guest_set_clockevent(cpu, args->arg1);
- break;
- case LHCALL_HALT:
- /* Similarly, this sets the halted flag for run_guest(). */
- cpu->halted = 1;
- break;
- default:
- /* It should be an architecture-specific hypercall. */
- if (lguest_arch_do_hcall(cpu, args))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Bad hypercall %li\n", args->arg0);
- }
-}
-
-/*H:124
- * Asynchronous hypercalls are easy: we just look in the array in the
- * Guest's "struct lguest_data" to see if any new ones are marked "ready".
- *
- * We are careful to do these in order: obviously we respect the order the
- * Guest put them in the ring, but we also promise the Guest that they will
- * happen before any normal hypercall (which is why we check this before
- * checking for a normal hcall).
- */
-static void do_async_hcalls(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- unsigned int i;
- u8 st[LHCALL_RING_SIZE];
-
- /* For simplicity, we copy the entire call status array in at once. */
- if (copy_from_user(&st, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->hcall_status, sizeof(st)))
- return;
-
- /* We process "struct lguest_data"s hcalls[] ring once. */
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(st); i++) {
- struct hcall_args args;
- /*
- * We remember where we were up to from last time. This makes
- * sure that the hypercalls are done in the order the Guest
- * places them in the ring.
- */
- unsigned int n = cpu->next_hcall;
-
- /* 0xFF means there's no call here (yet). */
- if (st[n] == 0xFF)
- break;
-
- /*
- * OK, we have hypercall. Increment the "next_hcall" cursor,
- * and wrap back to 0 if we reach the end.
- */
- if (++cpu->next_hcall == LHCALL_RING_SIZE)
- cpu->next_hcall = 0;
-
- /*
- * Copy the hypercall arguments into a local copy of the
- * hcall_args struct.
- */
- if (copy_from_user(&args, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->hcalls[n],
- sizeof(struct hcall_args))) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "Fetching async hypercalls");
- break;
- }
-
- /* Do the hypercall, same as a normal one. */
- do_hcall(cpu, &args);
-
- /* Mark the hypercall done. */
- if (put_user(0xFF, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->hcall_status[n])) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "Writing result for async hypercall");
- break;
- }
-
- /*
- * Stop doing hypercalls if they want to notify the Launcher:
- * it needs to service this first.
- */
- if (cpu->pending.trap)
- break;
- }
-}
-
-/*
- * Last of all, we look at what happens first of all. The very first time the
- * Guest makes a hypercall, we end up here to set things up:
- */
-static void initialize(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- /*
- * You can't do anything until you're initialized. The Guest knows the
- * rules, so we're unforgiving here.
- */
- if (cpu->hcall->arg0 != LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "hypercall %li before INIT", cpu->hcall->arg0);
- return;
- }
-
- if (lguest_arch_init_hypercalls(cpu))
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad guest page %p", cpu->lg->lguest_data);
-
- /*
- * The Guest tells us where we're not to deliver interrupts by putting
- * the instruction address into "struct lguest_data".
- */
- if (get_user(cpu->lg->noirq_iret, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->noirq_iret))
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad guest page %p", cpu->lg->lguest_data);
-
- /*
- * We write the current time into the Guest's data page once so it can
- * set its clock.
- */
- write_timestamp(cpu);
-
- /* page_tables.c will also do some setup. */
- page_table_guest_data_init(cpu);
-
- /*
- * This is the one case where the above accesses might have been the
- * first write to a Guest page. This may have caused a copy-on-write
- * fault, but the old page might be (read-only) in the Guest
- * pagetable.
- */
- guest_pagetable_clear_all(cpu);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*M:013
- * If a Guest reads from a page (so creates a mapping) that it has never
- * written to, and then the Launcher writes to it (ie. the output of a virtual
- * device), the Guest will still see the old page. In practice, this never
- * happens: why would the Guest read a page which it has never written to? But
- * a similar scenario might one day bite us, so it's worth mentioning.
- *
- * Note that if we used a shared anonymous mapping in the Launcher instead of
- * mapping /dev/zero private, we wouldn't worry about cop-on-write. And we
- * need that to switch the Launcher to processes (away from threads) anyway.
-:*/
-
-/*H:100
- * Hypercalls
- *
- * Remember from the Guest, hypercalls come in two flavors: normal and
- * asynchronous. This file handles both of types.
- */
-void do_hypercalls(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- /* Not initialized yet? This hypercall must do it. */
- if (unlikely(!cpu->lg->lguest_data)) {
- /* Set up the "struct lguest_data" */
- initialize(cpu);
- /* Hcall is done. */
- cpu->hcall = NULL;
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * The Guest has initialized.
- *
- * Look in the hypercall ring for the async hypercalls:
- */
- do_async_hcalls(cpu);
-
- /*
- * If we stopped reading the hypercall ring because the Guest did a
- * NOTIFY to the Launcher, we want to return now. Otherwise we do
- * the hypercall.
- */
- if (!cpu->pending.trap) {
- do_hcall(cpu, cpu->hcall);
- /*
- * Tricky point: we reset the hcall pointer to mark the
- * hypercall as "done". We use the hcall pointer rather than
- * the trap number to indicate a hypercall is pending.
- * Normally it doesn't matter: the Guest will run again and
- * update the trap number before we come back here.
- *
- * However, if we are signalled or the Guest sends I/O to the
- * Launcher, the run_guest() loop will exit without running the
- * Guest. When it comes back it would try to re-run the
- * hypercall. Finding that bug sucked.
- */
- cpu->hcall = NULL;
- }
-}
-
-/*
- * This routine supplies the Guest with time: it's used for wallclock time at
- * initial boot and as a rough time source if the TSC isn't available.
- */
-void write_timestamp(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- struct timespec now;
- ktime_get_real_ts(&now);
- if (copy_to_user(&cpu->lg->lguest_data->time,
- &now, sizeof(struct timespec)))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Writing timestamp");
-}
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/interrupts_and_traps.c b/drivers/lguest/interrupts_and_traps.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 67392b6ab845..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/interrupts_and_traps.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,706 +0,0 @@
-/*P:800
- * Interrupts (traps) are complicated enough to earn their own file.
- * There are three classes of interrupts:
- *
- * 1) Real hardware interrupts which occur while we're running the Guest,
- * 2) Interrupts for virtual devices attached to the Guest, and
- * 3) Traps and faults from the Guest.
- *
- * Real hardware interrupts must be delivered to the Host, not the Guest.
- * Virtual interrupts must be delivered to the Guest, but we make them look
- * just like real hardware would deliver them. Traps from the Guest can be set
- * up to go directly back into the Guest, but sometimes the Host wants to see
- * them first, so we also have a way of "reflecting" them into the Guest as if
- * they had been delivered to it directly.
-:*/
-#include <linux/uaccess.h>
-#include <linux/interrupt.h>
-#include <linux/module.h>
-#include <linux/sched.h>
-#include "lg.h"
-
-/* Allow Guests to use a non-128 (ie. non-Linux) syscall trap. */
-static unsigned int syscall_vector = IA32_SYSCALL_VECTOR;
-module_param(syscall_vector, uint, 0444);
-
-/* The address of the interrupt handler is split into two bits: */
-static unsigned long idt_address(u32 lo, u32 hi)
-{
- return (lo & 0x0000FFFF) | (hi & 0xFFFF0000);
-}
-
-/*
- * The "type" of the interrupt handler is a 4 bit field: we only support a
- * couple of types.
- */
-static int idt_type(u32 lo, u32 hi)
-{
- return (hi >> 8) & 0xF;
-}
-
-/* An IDT entry can't be used unless the "present" bit is set. */
-static bool idt_present(u32 lo, u32 hi)
-{
- return (hi & 0x8000);
-}
-
-/*
- * We need a helper to "push" a value onto the Guest's stack, since that's a
- * big part of what delivering an interrupt does.
- */
-static void push_guest_stack(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long *gstack, u32 val)
-{
- /* Stack grows upwards: move stack then write value. */
- *gstack -= 4;
- lgwrite(cpu, *gstack, u32, val);
-}
-
-/*H:210
- * The push_guest_interrupt_stack() routine saves Guest state on the stack for
- * an interrupt or trap. The mechanics of delivering traps and interrupts to
- * the Guest are the same, except some traps have an "error code" which gets
- * pushed onto the stack as well: the caller tells us if this is one.
- *
- * We set up the stack just like the CPU does for a real interrupt, so it's
- * identical for the Guest (and the standard "iret" instruction will undo
- * it).
- */
-static void push_guest_interrupt_stack(struct lg_cpu *cpu, bool has_err)
-{
- unsigned long gstack, origstack;
- u32 eflags, ss, irq_enable;
- unsigned long virtstack;
-
- /*
- * There are two cases for interrupts: one where the Guest is already
- * in the kernel, and a more complex one where the Guest is in
- * userspace. We check the privilege level to find out.
- */
- if ((cpu->regs->ss&0x3) != GUEST_PL) {
- /*
- * The Guest told us their kernel stack with the SET_STACK
- * hypercall: both the virtual address and the segment.
- */
- virtstack = cpu->esp1;
- ss = cpu->ss1;
-
- origstack = gstack = guest_pa(cpu, virtstack);
- /*
- * We push the old stack segment and pointer onto the new
- * stack: when the Guest does an "iret" back from the interrupt
- * handler the CPU will notice they're dropping privilege
- * levels and expect these here.
- */
- push_guest_stack(cpu, &gstack, cpu->regs->ss);
- push_guest_stack(cpu, &gstack, cpu->regs->esp);
- } else {
- /* We're staying on the same Guest (kernel) stack. */
- virtstack = cpu->regs->esp;
- ss = cpu->regs->ss;
-
- origstack = gstack = guest_pa(cpu, virtstack);
- }
-
- /*
- * Remember that we never let the Guest actually disable interrupts, so
- * the "Interrupt Flag" bit is always set. We copy that bit from the
- * Guest's "irq_enabled" field into the eflags word: we saw the Guest
- * copy it back in "lguest_iret".
- */
- eflags = cpu->regs->eflags;
- if (get_user(irq_enable, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->irq_enabled) == 0
- && !(irq_enable & X86_EFLAGS_IF))
- eflags &= ~X86_EFLAGS_IF;
-
- /*
- * An interrupt is expected to push three things on the stack: the old
- * "eflags" word, the old code segment, and the old instruction
- * pointer.
- */
- push_guest_stack(cpu, &gstack, eflags);
- push_guest_stack(cpu, &gstack, cpu->regs->cs);
- push_guest_stack(cpu, &gstack, cpu->regs->eip);
-
- /* For the six traps which supply an error code, we push that, too. */
- if (has_err)
- push_guest_stack(cpu, &gstack, cpu->regs->errcode);
-
- /* Adjust the stack pointer and stack segment. */
- cpu->regs->ss = ss;
- cpu->regs->esp = virtstack + (gstack - origstack);
-}
-
-/*
- * This actually makes the Guest start executing the given interrupt/trap
- * handler.
- *
- * "lo" and "hi" are the two parts of the Interrupt Descriptor Table for this
- * interrupt or trap. It's split into two parts for traditional reasons: gcc
- * on i386 used to be frightened by 64 bit numbers.
- */
-static void guest_run_interrupt(struct lg_cpu *cpu, u32 lo, u32 hi)
-{
- /* If we're already in the kernel, we don't change stacks. */
- if ((cpu->regs->ss&0x3) != GUEST_PL)
- cpu->regs->ss = cpu->esp1;
-
- /*
- * Set the code segment and the address to execute.
- */
- cpu->regs->cs = (__KERNEL_CS|GUEST_PL);
- cpu->regs->eip = idt_address(lo, hi);
-
- /*
- * Trapping always clears these flags:
- * TF: Trap flag
- * VM: Virtual 8086 mode
- * RF: Resume
- * NT: Nested task.
- */
- cpu->regs->eflags &=
- ~(X86_EFLAGS_TF|X86_EFLAGS_VM|X86_EFLAGS_RF|X86_EFLAGS_NT);
-
- /*
- * There are two kinds of interrupt handlers: 0xE is an "interrupt
- * gate" which expects interrupts to be disabled on entry.
- */
- if (idt_type(lo, hi) == 0xE)
- if (put_user(0, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->irq_enabled))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Disabling interrupts");
-}
-
-/* This restores the eflags word which was pushed on the stack by a trap */
-static void restore_eflags(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- /* This is the physical address of the stack. */
- unsigned long stack_pa = guest_pa(cpu, cpu->regs->esp);
-
- /*
- * Stack looks like this:
- * Address Contents
- * esp EIP
- * esp + 4 CS
- * esp + 8 EFLAGS
- */
- cpu->regs->eflags = lgread(cpu, stack_pa + 8, u32);
- cpu->regs->eflags &=
- ~(X86_EFLAGS_TF|X86_EFLAGS_VM|X86_EFLAGS_RF|X86_EFLAGS_NT);
-}
-
-/*H:205
- * Virtual Interrupts.
- *
- * interrupt_pending() returns the first pending interrupt which isn't blocked
- * by the Guest. It is called before every entry to the Guest, and just before
- * we go to sleep when the Guest has halted itself.
- */
-unsigned int interrupt_pending(struct lg_cpu *cpu, bool *more)
-{
- unsigned int irq;
- DECLARE_BITMAP(blk, LGUEST_IRQS);
-
- /* If the Guest hasn't even initialized yet, we can do nothing. */
- if (!cpu->lg->lguest_data)
- return LGUEST_IRQS;
-
- /*
- * Take our "irqs_pending" array and remove any interrupts the Guest
- * wants blocked: the result ends up in "blk".
- */
- if (copy_from_user(&blk, cpu->lg->lguest_data->blocked_interrupts,
- sizeof(blk)))
- return LGUEST_IRQS;
- bitmap_andnot(blk, cpu->irqs_pending, blk, LGUEST_IRQS);
-
- /* Find the first interrupt. */
- irq = find_first_bit(blk, LGUEST_IRQS);
- *more = find_next_bit(blk, LGUEST_IRQS, irq+1);
-
- return irq;
-}
-
-/*
- * This actually diverts the Guest to running an interrupt handler, once an
- * interrupt has been identified by interrupt_pending().
- */
-void try_deliver_interrupt(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int irq, bool more)
-{
- struct desc_struct *idt;
-
- BUG_ON(irq >= LGUEST_IRQS);
-
- /* If they're halted, interrupts restart them. */
- if (cpu->halted) {
- /* Re-enable interrupts. */
- if (put_user(X86_EFLAGS_IF, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->irq_enabled))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Re-enabling interrupts");
- cpu->halted = 0;
- } else {
- /* Otherwise we check if they have interrupts disabled. */
- u32 irq_enabled;
- if (get_user(irq_enabled, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->irq_enabled))
- irq_enabled = 0;
- if (!irq_enabled) {
- /* Make sure they know an IRQ is pending. */
- put_user(X86_EFLAGS_IF,
- &cpu->lg->lguest_data->irq_pending);
- return;
- }
- }
-
- /*
- * Look at the IDT entry the Guest gave us for this interrupt. The
- * first 32 (FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR) entries are for traps, so we skip
- * over them.
- */
- idt = &cpu->arch.idt[FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR+irq];
- /* If they don't have a handler (yet?), we just ignore it */
- if (idt_present(idt->a, idt->b)) {
- /* OK, mark it no longer pending and deliver it. */
- clear_bit(irq, cpu->irqs_pending);
-
- /*
- * They may be about to iret, where they asked us never to
- * deliver interrupts. In this case, we can emulate that iret
- * then immediately deliver the interrupt. This is basically
- * a noop: the iret would pop the interrupt frame and restore
- * eflags, and then we'd set it up again. So just restore the
- * eflags word and jump straight to the handler in this case.
- *
- * Denys Vlasenko points out that this isn't quite right: if
- * the iret was returning to userspace, then that interrupt
- * would reset the stack pointer (which the Guest told us
- * about via LHCALL_SET_STACK). But unless the Guest is being
- * *really* weird, that will be the same as the current stack
- * anyway.
- */
- if (cpu->regs->eip == cpu->lg->noirq_iret) {
- restore_eflags(cpu);
- } else {
- /*
- * set_guest_interrupt() takes a flag to say whether
- * this interrupt pushes an error code onto the stack
- * as well: virtual interrupts never do.
- */
- push_guest_interrupt_stack(cpu, false);
- }
- /* Actually make Guest cpu jump to handler. */
- guest_run_interrupt(cpu, idt->a, idt->b);
- }
-
- /*
- * Every time we deliver an interrupt, we update the timestamp in the
- * Guest's lguest_data struct. It would be better for the Guest if we
- * did this more often, but it can actually be quite slow: doing it
- * here is a compromise which means at least it gets updated every
- * timer interrupt.
- */
- write_timestamp(cpu);
-
- /*
- * If there are no other interrupts we want to deliver, clear
- * the pending flag.
- */
- if (!more)
- put_user(0, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->irq_pending);
-}
-
-/* And this is the routine when we want to set an interrupt for the Guest. */
-void set_interrupt(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int irq)
-{
- /*
- * Next time the Guest runs, the core code will see if it can deliver
- * this interrupt.
- */
- set_bit(irq, cpu->irqs_pending);
-
- /*
- * Make sure it sees it; it might be asleep (eg. halted), or running
- * the Guest right now, in which case kick_process() will knock it out.
- */
- if (!wake_up_process(cpu->tsk))
- kick_process(cpu->tsk);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*
- * Linux uses trap 128 for system calls. Plan9 uses 64, and Ron Minnich sent
- * me a patch, so we support that too. It'd be a big step for lguest if half
- * the Plan 9 user base were to start using it.
- *
- * Actually now I think of it, it's possible that Ron *is* half the Plan 9
- * userbase. Oh well.
- */
-bool could_be_syscall(unsigned int num)
-{
- /* Normal Linux IA32_SYSCALL_VECTOR or reserved vector? */
- return num == IA32_SYSCALL_VECTOR || num == syscall_vector;
-}
-
-/* The syscall vector it wants must be unused by Host. */
-bool check_syscall_vector(struct lguest *lg)
-{
- u32 vector;
-
- if (get_user(vector, &lg->lguest_data->syscall_vec))
- return false;
-
- return could_be_syscall(vector);
-}
-
-int init_interrupts(void)
-{
- /* If they want some strange system call vector, reserve it now */
- if (syscall_vector != IA32_SYSCALL_VECTOR) {
- if (test_bit(syscall_vector, used_vectors) ||
- vector_used_by_percpu_irq(syscall_vector)) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "lg: couldn't reserve syscall %u\n",
- syscall_vector);
- return -EBUSY;
- }
- set_bit(syscall_vector, used_vectors);
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-void free_interrupts(void)
-{
- if (syscall_vector != IA32_SYSCALL_VECTOR)
- clear_bit(syscall_vector, used_vectors);
-}
-
-/*H:220
- * Now we've got the routines to deliver interrupts, delivering traps like
- * page fault is easy. The only trick is that Intel decided that some traps
- * should have error codes:
- */
-static bool has_err(unsigned int trap)
-{
- return (trap == 8 || (trap >= 10 && trap <= 14) || trap == 17);
-}
-
-/* deliver_trap() returns true if it could deliver the trap. */
-bool deliver_trap(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int num)
-{
- /*
- * Trap numbers are always 8 bit, but we set an impossible trap number
- * for traps inside the Switcher, so check that here.
- */
- if (num >= ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->arch.idt))
- return false;
-
- /*
- * Early on the Guest hasn't set the IDT entries (or maybe it put a
- * bogus one in): if we fail here, the Guest will be killed.
- */
- if (!idt_present(cpu->arch.idt[num].a, cpu->arch.idt[num].b))
- return false;
- push_guest_interrupt_stack(cpu, has_err(num));
- guest_run_interrupt(cpu, cpu->arch.idt[num].a,
- cpu->arch.idt[num].b);
- return true;
-}
-
-/*H:250
- * Here's the hard part: returning to the Host every time a trap happens
- * and then calling deliver_trap() and re-entering the Guest is slow.
- * Particularly because Guest userspace system calls are traps (usually trap
- * 128).
- *
- * So we'd like to set up the IDT to tell the CPU to deliver traps directly
- * into the Guest. This is possible, but the complexities cause the size of
- * this file to double! However, 150 lines of code is worth writing for taking
- * system calls down from 1750ns to 270ns. Plus, if lguest didn't do it, all
- * the other hypervisors would beat it up at lunchtime.
- *
- * This routine indicates if a particular trap number could be delivered
- * directly.
- *
- * Unfortunately, Linux 4.6 started using an interrupt gate instead of a
- * trap gate for syscalls, so this trick is ineffective. See Mastery for
- * how we could do this anyway...
- */
-static bool direct_trap(unsigned int num)
-{
- /*
- * Hardware interrupts don't go to the Guest at all (except system
- * call).
- */
- if (num >= FIRST_EXTERNAL_VECTOR && !could_be_syscall(num))
- return false;
-
- /*
- * The Host needs to see page faults (for shadow paging and to save the
- * fault address), general protection faults (in/out emulation) and
- * device not available (TS handling) and of course, the hypercall trap.
- */
- return num != 14 && num != 13 && num != 7 && num != LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY;
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*M:005
- * The Guest has the ability to turn its interrupt gates into trap gates,
- * if it is careful. The Host will let trap gates can go directly to the
- * Guest, but the Guest needs the interrupts atomically disabled for an
- * interrupt gate. The Host could provide a mechanism to register more
- * "no-interrupt" regions, and the Guest could point the trap gate at
- * instructions within that region, where it can safely disable interrupts.
- */
-
-/*M:006
- * The Guests do not use the sysenter (fast system call) instruction,
- * because it's hardcoded to enter privilege level 0 and so can't go direct.
- * It's about twice as fast as the older "int 0x80" system call, so it might
- * still be worthwhile to handle it in the Switcher and lcall down to the
- * Guest. The sysenter semantics are hairy tho: search for that keyword in
- * entry.S
-:*/
-
-/*H:260
- * When we make traps go directly into the Guest, we need to make sure
- * the kernel stack is valid (ie. mapped in the page tables). Otherwise, the
- * CPU trying to deliver the trap will fault while trying to push the interrupt
- * words on the stack: this is called a double fault, and it forces us to kill
- * the Guest.
- *
- * Which is deeply unfair, because (literally!) it wasn't the Guests' fault.
- */
-void pin_stack_pages(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- /*
- * Depending on the CONFIG_4KSTACKS option, the Guest can have one or
- * two pages of stack space.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < cpu->lg->stack_pages; i++)
- /*
- * The stack grows *upwards*, so the address we're given is the
- * start of the page after the kernel stack. Subtract one to
- * get back onto the first stack page, and keep subtracting to
- * get to the rest of the stack pages.
- */
- pin_page(cpu, cpu->esp1 - 1 - i * PAGE_SIZE);
-}
-
-/*
- * Direct traps also mean that we need to know whenever the Guest wants to use
- * a different kernel stack, so we can change the guest TSS to use that
- * stack. The TSS entries expect a virtual address, so unlike most addresses
- * the Guest gives us, the "esp" (stack pointer) value here is virtual, not
- * physical.
- *
- * In Linux each process has its own kernel stack, so this happens a lot: we
- * change stacks on each context switch.
- */
-void guest_set_stack(struct lg_cpu *cpu, u32 seg, u32 esp, unsigned int pages)
-{
- /*
- * You're not allowed a stack segment with privilege level 0: bad Guest!
- */
- if ((seg & 0x3) != GUEST_PL)
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad stack segment %i", seg);
- /* We only expect one or two stack pages. */
- if (pages > 2)
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad stack pages %u", pages);
- /* Save where the stack is, and how many pages */
- cpu->ss1 = seg;
- cpu->esp1 = esp;
- cpu->lg->stack_pages = pages;
- /* Make sure the new stack pages are mapped */
- pin_stack_pages(cpu);
-}
-
-/*
- * All this reference to mapping stacks leads us neatly into the other complex
- * part of the Host: page table handling.
- */
-
-/*H:235
- * This is the routine which actually checks the Guest's IDT entry and
- * transfers it into the entry in "struct lguest":
- */
-static void set_trap(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct desc_struct *trap,
- unsigned int num, u32 lo, u32 hi)
-{
- u8 type = idt_type(lo, hi);
-
- /* We zero-out a not-present entry */
- if (!idt_present(lo, hi)) {
- trap->a = trap->b = 0;
- return;
- }
-
- /* We only support interrupt and trap gates. */
- if (type != 0xE && type != 0xF)
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad IDT type %i", type);
-
- /*
- * We only copy the handler address, present bit, privilege level and
- * type. The privilege level controls where the trap can be triggered
- * manually with an "int" instruction. This is usually GUEST_PL,
- * except for system calls which userspace can use.
- */
- trap->a = ((__KERNEL_CS|GUEST_PL)<<16) | (lo&0x0000FFFF);
- trap->b = (hi&0xFFFFEF00);
-}
-
-/*H:230
- * While we're here, dealing with delivering traps and interrupts to the
- * Guest, we might as well complete the picture: how the Guest tells us where
- * it wants them to go. This would be simple, except making traps fast
- * requires some tricks.
- *
- * We saw the Guest setting Interrupt Descriptor Table (IDT) entries with the
- * LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY hypercall before: that comes here.
- */
-void load_guest_idt_entry(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int num, u32 lo, u32 hi)
-{
- /*
- * Guest never handles: NMI, doublefault, spurious interrupt or
- * hypercall. We ignore when it tries to set them.
- */
- if (num == 2 || num == 8 || num == 15 || num == LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY)
- return;
-
- /*
- * Mark the IDT as changed: next time the Guest runs we'll know we have
- * to copy this again.
- */
- cpu->changed |= CHANGED_IDT;
-
- /* Check that the Guest doesn't try to step outside the bounds. */
- if (num >= ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->arch.idt))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Setting idt entry %u", num);
- else
- set_trap(cpu, &cpu->arch.idt[num], num, lo, hi);
-}
-
-/*
- * The default entry for each interrupt points into the Switcher routines which
- * simply return to the Host. The run_guest() loop will then call
- * deliver_trap() to bounce it back into the Guest.
- */
-static void default_idt_entry(struct desc_struct *idt,
- int trap,
- const unsigned long handler,
- const struct desc_struct *base)
-{
- /* A present interrupt gate. */
- u32 flags = 0x8e00;
-
- /*
- * Set the privilege level on the entry for the hypercall: this allows
- * the Guest to use the "int" instruction to trigger it.
- */
- if (trap == LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY)
- flags |= (GUEST_PL << 13);
- else if (base)
- /*
- * Copy privilege level from what Guest asked for. This allows
- * debug (int 3) traps from Guest userspace, for example.
- */
- flags |= (base->b & 0x6000);
-
- /* Now pack it into the IDT entry in its weird format. */
- idt->a = (LGUEST_CS<<16) | (handler&0x0000FFFF);
- idt->b = (handler&0xFFFF0000) | flags;
-}
-
-/* When the Guest first starts, we put default entries into the IDT. */
-void setup_default_idt_entries(struct lguest_ro_state *state,
- const unsigned long *def)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(state->guest_idt); i++)
- default_idt_entry(&state->guest_idt[i], i, def[i], NULL);
-}
-
-/*H:240
- * We don't use the IDT entries in the "struct lguest" directly, instead
- * we copy them into the IDT which we've set up for Guests on this CPU, just
- * before we run the Guest. This routine does that copy.
- */
-void copy_traps(const struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct desc_struct *idt,
- const unsigned long *def)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- /*
- * We can simply copy the direct traps, otherwise we use the default
- * ones in the Switcher: they will return to the Host.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->arch.idt); i++) {
- const struct desc_struct *gidt = &cpu->arch.idt[i];
-
- /* If no Guest can ever override this trap, leave it alone. */
- if (!direct_trap(i))
- continue;
-
- /*
- * Only trap gates (type 15) can go direct to the Guest.
- * Interrupt gates (type 14) disable interrupts as they are
- * entered, which we never let the Guest do. Not present
- * entries (type 0x0) also can't go direct, of course.
- *
- * If it can't go direct, we still need to copy the priv. level:
- * they might want to give userspace access to a software
- * interrupt.
- */
- if (idt_type(gidt->a, gidt->b) == 0xF)
- idt[i] = *gidt;
- else
- default_idt_entry(&idt[i], i, def[i], gidt);
- }
-}
-
-/*H:200
- * The Guest Clock.
- *
- * There are two sources of virtual interrupts. We saw one in lguest_user.c:
- * the Launcher sending interrupts for virtual devices. The other is the Guest
- * timer interrupt.
- *
- * The Guest uses the LHCALL_SET_CLOCKEVENT hypercall to tell us how long to
- * the next timer interrupt (in nanoseconds). We use the high-resolution timer
- * infrastructure to set a callback at that time.
- *
- * 0 means "turn off the clock".
- */
-void guest_set_clockevent(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long delta)
-{
- ktime_t expires;
-
- if (unlikely(delta == 0)) {
- /* Clock event device is shutting down. */
- hrtimer_cancel(&cpu->hrt);
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * We use wallclock time here, so the Guest might not be running for
- * all the time between now and the timer interrupt it asked for. This
- * is almost always the right thing to do.
- */
- expires = ktime_add_ns(ktime_get_real(), delta);
- hrtimer_start(&cpu->hrt, expires, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
-}
-
-/* This is the function called when the Guest's timer expires. */
-static enum hrtimer_restart clockdev_fn(struct hrtimer *timer)
-{
- struct lg_cpu *cpu = container_of(timer, struct lg_cpu, hrt);
-
- /* Remember the first interrupt is the timer interrupt. */
- set_interrupt(cpu, 0);
- return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
-}
-
-/* This sets up the timer for this Guest. */
-void init_clockdev(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- hrtimer_init(&cpu->hrt, CLOCK_REALTIME, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
- cpu->hrt.function = clockdev_fn;
-}
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/lg.h b/drivers/lguest/lg.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 2356a2318034..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/lg.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,258 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef _LGUEST_H
-#define _LGUEST_H
-
-#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-#include <linux/types.h>
-#include <linux/init.h>
-#include <linux/stringify.h>
-#include <linux/lguest.h>
-#include <linux/lguest_launcher.h>
-#include <linux/wait.h>
-#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
-#include <linux/err.h>
-#include <linux/slab.h>
-
-#include <asm/lguest.h>
-
-struct pgdir {
- unsigned long gpgdir;
- bool switcher_mapped;
- int last_host_cpu;
- pgd_t *pgdir;
-};
-
-/* We have two pages shared with guests, per cpu. */
-struct lguest_pages {
- /* This is the stack page mapped rw in guest */
- char spare[PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct lguest_regs)];
- struct lguest_regs regs;
-
- /* This is the host state & guest descriptor page, ro in guest */
- struct lguest_ro_state state;
-} __attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE)));
-
-#define CHANGED_IDT 1
-#define CHANGED_GDT 2
-#define CHANGED_GDT_TLS 4 /* Actually a subset of CHANGED_GDT */
-#define CHANGED_ALL 3
-
-struct lg_cpu {
- unsigned int id;
- struct lguest *lg;
- struct task_struct *tsk;
- struct mm_struct *mm; /* == tsk->mm, but that becomes NULL on exit */
-
- u32 cr2;
- u32 esp1;
- u16 ss1;
-
- /* Bitmap of what has changed: see CHANGED_* above. */
- int changed;
-
- /* Pending operation. */
- struct lguest_pending pending;
-
- unsigned long *reg_read; /* register from LHREQ_GETREG */
-
- /* At end of a page shared mapped over lguest_pages in guest. */
- unsigned long regs_page;
- struct lguest_regs *regs;
-
- struct lguest_pages *last_pages;
-
- /* Initialization mode: linear map everything. */
- bool linear_pages;
- int cpu_pgd; /* Which pgd this cpu is currently using */
-
- /* If a hypercall was asked for, this points to the arguments. */
- struct hcall_args *hcall;
- u32 next_hcall;
-
- /* Virtual clock device */
- struct hrtimer hrt;
-
- /* Did the Guest tell us to halt? */
- int halted;
-
- /* Pending virtual interrupts */
- DECLARE_BITMAP(irqs_pending, LGUEST_IRQS);
-
- struct lg_cpu_arch arch;
-};
-
-/* The private info the thread maintains about the guest. */
-struct lguest {
- struct lguest_data __user *lguest_data;
- struct lg_cpu cpus[NR_CPUS];
- unsigned int nr_cpus;
-
- /* Valid guest memory pages must be < this. */
- u32 pfn_limit;
-
- /* Device memory is >= pfn_limit and < device_limit. */
- u32 device_limit;
-
- /*
- * This provides the offset to the base of guest-physical memory in the
- * Launcher.
- */
- void __user *mem_base;
- unsigned long kernel_address;
-
- struct pgdir pgdirs[4];
-
- unsigned long noirq_iret;
-
- unsigned int stack_pages;
- u32 tsc_khz;
-
- /* Dead? */
- const char *dead;
-};
-
-extern struct mutex lguest_lock;
-
-/* core.c: */
-bool lguest_address_ok(const struct lguest *lg,
- unsigned long addr, unsigned long len);
-void __lgread(struct lg_cpu *, void *, unsigned long, unsigned);
-void __lgwrite(struct lg_cpu *, unsigned long, const void *, unsigned);
-extern struct page **lg_switcher_pages;
-
-/*H:035
- * Using memory-copy operations like that is usually inconvient, so we
- * have the following helper macros which read and write a specific type (often
- * an unsigned long).
- *
- * This reads into a variable of the given type then returns that.
- */
-#define lgread(cpu, addr, type) \
- ({ type _v; __lgread((cpu), &_v, (addr), sizeof(_v)); _v; })
-
-/* This checks that the variable is of the given type, then writes it out. */
-#define lgwrite(cpu, addr, type, val) \
- do { \
- typecheck(type, val); \
- __lgwrite((cpu), (addr), &(val), sizeof(val)); \
- } while(0)
-/* (end of memory access helper routines) :*/
-
-int run_guest(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long __user *user);
-
-/*
- * Helper macros to obtain the first 12 or the last 20 bits, this is only the
- * first step in the migration to the kernel types. pte_pfn is already defined
- * in the kernel.
- */
-#define pgd_flags(x) (pgd_val(x) & ~PAGE_MASK)
-#define pgd_pfn(x) (pgd_val(x) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
-#define pmd_flags(x) (pmd_val(x) & ~PAGE_MASK)
-#define pmd_pfn(x) (pmd_val(x) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
-
-/* interrupts_and_traps.c: */
-unsigned int interrupt_pending(struct lg_cpu *cpu, bool *more);
-void try_deliver_interrupt(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int irq, bool more);
-void set_interrupt(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int irq);
-bool deliver_trap(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int num);
-void load_guest_idt_entry(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int i,
- u32 low, u32 hi);
-void guest_set_stack(struct lg_cpu *cpu, u32 seg, u32 esp, unsigned int pages);
-void pin_stack_pages(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-void setup_default_idt_entries(struct lguest_ro_state *state,
- const unsigned long *def);
-void copy_traps(const struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct desc_struct *idt,
- const unsigned long *def);
-void guest_set_clockevent(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long delta);
-bool send_notify_to_eventfd(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-void init_clockdev(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-bool check_syscall_vector(struct lguest *lg);
-bool could_be_syscall(unsigned int num);
-int init_interrupts(void);
-void free_interrupts(void);
-
-/* segments.c: */
-void setup_default_gdt_entries(struct lguest_ro_state *state);
-void setup_guest_gdt(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-void load_guest_gdt_entry(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int i,
- u32 low, u32 hi);
-void guest_load_tls(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long tls_array);
-void copy_gdt(const struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct desc_struct *gdt);
-void copy_gdt_tls(const struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct desc_struct *gdt);
-
-/* page_tables.c: */
-int init_guest_pagetable(struct lguest *lg);
-void free_guest_pagetable(struct lguest *lg);
-void guest_new_pagetable(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long pgtable);
-void guest_set_pgd(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long gpgdir, u32 i);
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-void guest_set_pmd(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long gpgdir, u32 i);
-#endif
-void guest_pagetable_clear_all(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-void guest_pagetable_flush_user(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-void guest_set_pte(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long gpgdir,
- unsigned long vaddr, pte_t val);
-void map_switcher_in_guest(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct lguest_pages *pages);
-bool demand_page(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long cr2, int errcode,
- unsigned long *iomem);
-void pin_page(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr);
-bool __guest_pa(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long *paddr);
-unsigned long guest_pa(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr);
-void page_table_guest_data_init(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-
-/* <arch>/core.c: */
-void lguest_arch_host_init(void);
-void lguest_arch_host_fini(void);
-void lguest_arch_run_guest(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-void lguest_arch_handle_trap(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-int lguest_arch_init_hypercalls(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-int lguest_arch_do_hcall(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct hcall_args *args);
-void lguest_arch_setup_regs(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long start);
-unsigned long *lguest_arch_regptr(struct lg_cpu *cpu, size_t reg_off, bool any);
-
-/* <arch>/switcher.S: */
-extern char start_switcher_text[], end_switcher_text[], switch_to_guest[];
-
-/* lguest_user.c: */
-int lguest_device_init(void);
-void lguest_device_remove(void);
-
-/* hypercalls.c: */
-void do_hypercalls(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-void write_timestamp(struct lg_cpu *cpu);
-
-/*L:035
- * Let's step aside for the moment, to study one important routine that's used
- * widely in the Host code.
- *
- * There are many cases where the Guest can do something invalid, like pass crap
- * to a hypercall. Since only the Guest kernel can make hypercalls, it's quite
- * acceptable to simply terminate the Guest and give the Launcher a nicely
- * formatted reason. It's also simpler for the Guest itself, which doesn't
- * need to check most hypercalls for "success"; if you're still running, it
- * succeeded.
- *
- * Once this is called, the Guest will never run again, so most Host code can
- * call this then continue as if nothing had happened. This means many
- * functions don't have to explicitly return an error code, which keeps the
- * code simple.
- *
- * It also means that this can be called more than once: only the first one is
- * remembered. The only trick is that we still need to kill the Guest even if
- * we can't allocate memory to store the reason. Linux has a neat way of
- * packing error codes into invalid pointers, so we use that here.
- *
- * Like any macro which uses an "if", it is safely wrapped in a run-once "do {
- * } while(0)".
- */
-#define kill_guest(cpu, fmt...) \
-do { \
- if (!(cpu)->lg->dead) { \
- (cpu)->lg->dead = kasprintf(GFP_ATOMIC, fmt); \
- if (!(cpu)->lg->dead) \
- (cpu)->lg->dead = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); \
- } \
-} while(0)
-/* (End of aside) :*/
-
-#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
-#endif /* _LGUEST_H */
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/lguest_user.c b/drivers/lguest/lguest_user.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 1a6787bc9386..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/lguest_user.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,446 +0,0 @@
-/*P:200 This contains all the /dev/lguest code, whereby the userspace
- * launcher controls and communicates with the Guest. For example,
- * the first write will tell us the Guest's memory layout and entry
- * point. A read will run the Guest until something happens, such as
- * a signal or the Guest accessing a device.
-:*/
-#include <linux/uaccess.h>
-#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
-#include <linux/fs.h>
-#include <linux/sched.h>
-#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
-#include <linux/file.h>
-#include <linux/slab.h>
-#include <linux/export.h>
-#include "lg.h"
-
-/*L:052
- The Launcher can get the registers, and also set some of them.
-*/
-static int getreg_setup(struct lg_cpu *cpu, const unsigned long __user *input)
-{
- unsigned long which;
-
- /* We re-use the ptrace structure to specify which register to read. */
- if (get_user(which, input) != 0)
- return -EFAULT;
-
- /*
- * We set up the cpu register pointer, and their next read will
- * actually get the value (instead of running the guest).
- *
- * The last argument 'true' says we can access any register.
- */
- cpu->reg_read = lguest_arch_regptr(cpu, which, true);
- if (!cpu->reg_read)
- return -ENOENT;
-
- /* And because this is a write() call, we return the length used. */
- return sizeof(unsigned long) * 2;
-}
-
-static int setreg(struct lg_cpu *cpu, const unsigned long __user *input)
-{
- unsigned long which, value, *reg;
-
- /* We re-use the ptrace structure to specify which register to read. */
- if (get_user(which, input) != 0)
- return -EFAULT;
- input++;
- if (get_user(value, input) != 0)
- return -EFAULT;
-
- /* The last argument 'false' means we can't access all registers. */
- reg = lguest_arch_regptr(cpu, which, false);
- if (!reg)
- return -ENOENT;
-
- *reg = value;
-
- /* And because this is a write() call, we return the length used. */
- return sizeof(unsigned long) * 3;
-}
-
-/*L:050
- * Sending an interrupt is done by writing LHREQ_IRQ and an interrupt
- * number to /dev/lguest.
- */
-static int user_send_irq(struct lg_cpu *cpu, const unsigned long __user *input)
-{
- unsigned long irq;
-
- if (get_user(irq, input) != 0)
- return -EFAULT;
- if (irq >= LGUEST_IRQS)
- return -EINVAL;
-
- /*
- * Next time the Guest runs, the core code will see if it can deliver
- * this interrupt.
- */
- set_interrupt(cpu, irq);
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*L:053
- * Deliver a trap: this is used by the Launcher if it can't emulate
- * an instruction.
- */
-static int trap(struct lg_cpu *cpu, const unsigned long __user *input)
-{
- unsigned long trapnum;
-
- if (get_user(trapnum, input) != 0)
- return -EFAULT;
-
- if (!deliver_trap(cpu, trapnum))
- return -EINVAL;
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*L:040
- * Once our Guest is initialized, the Launcher makes it run by reading
- * from /dev/lguest.
- */
-static ssize_t read(struct file *file, char __user *user, size_t size,loff_t*o)
-{
- struct lguest *lg = file->private_data;
- struct lg_cpu *cpu;
- unsigned int cpu_id = *o;
-
- /* You must write LHREQ_INITIALIZE first! */
- if (!lg)
- return -EINVAL;
-
- /* Watch out for arbitrary vcpu indexes! */
- if (cpu_id >= lg->nr_cpus)
- return -EINVAL;
-
- cpu = &lg->cpus[cpu_id];
-
- /* If you're not the task which owns the Guest, go away. */
- if (current != cpu->tsk)
- return -EPERM;
-
- /* If the Guest is already dead, we indicate why */
- if (lg->dead) {
- size_t len;
-
- /* lg->dead either contains an error code, or a string. */
- if (IS_ERR(lg->dead))
- return PTR_ERR(lg->dead);
-
- /* We can only return as much as the buffer they read with. */
- len = min(size, strlen(lg->dead)+1);
- if (copy_to_user(user, lg->dead, len) != 0)
- return -EFAULT;
- return len;
- }
-
- /*
- * If we returned from read() last time because the Guest sent I/O,
- * clear the flag.
- */
- if (cpu->pending.trap)
- cpu->pending.trap = 0;
-
- /* Run the Guest until something interesting happens. */
- return run_guest(cpu, (unsigned long __user *)user);
-}
-
-/*L:025
- * This actually initializes a CPU. For the moment, a Guest is only
- * uniprocessor, so "id" is always 0.
- */
-static int lg_cpu_start(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned id, unsigned long start_ip)
-{
- /* We have a limited number of CPUs in the lguest struct. */
- if (id >= ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->lg->cpus))
- return -EINVAL;
-
- /* Set up this CPU's id, and pointer back to the lguest struct. */
- cpu->id = id;
- cpu->lg = container_of(cpu, struct lguest, cpus[id]);
- cpu->lg->nr_cpus++;
-
- /* Each CPU has a timer it can set. */
- init_clockdev(cpu);
-
- /*
- * We need a complete page for the Guest registers: they are accessible
- * to the Guest and we can only grant it access to whole pages.
- */
- cpu->regs_page = get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!cpu->regs_page)
- return -ENOMEM;
-
- /* We actually put the registers at the end of the page. */
- cpu->regs = (void *)cpu->regs_page + PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(*cpu->regs);
-
- /*
- * Now we initialize the Guest's registers, handing it the start
- * address.
- */
- lguest_arch_setup_regs(cpu, start_ip);
-
- /*
- * We keep a pointer to the Launcher task (ie. current task) for when
- * other Guests want to wake this one (eg. console input).
- */
- cpu->tsk = current;
-
- /*
- * We need to keep a pointer to the Launcher's memory map, because if
- * the Launcher dies we need to clean it up. If we don't keep a
- * reference, it is destroyed before close() is called.
- */
- cpu->mm = get_task_mm(cpu->tsk);
-
- /*
- * We remember which CPU's pages this Guest used last, for optimization
- * when the same Guest runs on the same CPU twice.
- */
- cpu->last_pages = NULL;
-
- /* No error == success. */
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*L:020
- * The initialization write supplies 3 pointer sized (32 or 64 bit) values (in
- * addition to the LHREQ_INITIALIZE value). These are:
- *
- * base: The start of the Guest-physical memory inside the Launcher memory.
- *
- * pfnlimit: The highest (Guest-physical) page number the Guest should be
- * allowed to access. The Guest memory lives inside the Launcher, so it sets
- * this to ensure the Guest can only reach its own memory.
- *
- * start: The first instruction to execute ("eip" in x86-speak).
- */
-static int initialize(struct file *file, const unsigned long __user *input)
-{
- /* "struct lguest" contains all we (the Host) know about a Guest. */
- struct lguest *lg;
- int err;
- unsigned long args[4];
-
- /*
- * We grab the Big Lguest lock, which protects against multiple
- * simultaneous initializations.
- */
- mutex_lock(&lguest_lock);
- /* You can't initialize twice! Close the device and start again... */
- if (file->private_data) {
- err = -EBUSY;
- goto unlock;
- }
-
- if (copy_from_user(args, input, sizeof(args)) != 0) {
- err = -EFAULT;
- goto unlock;
- }
-
- lg = kzalloc(sizeof(*lg), GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!lg) {
- err = -ENOMEM;
- goto unlock;
- }
-
- /* Populate the easy fields of our "struct lguest" */
- lg->mem_base = (void __user *)args[0];
- lg->pfn_limit = args[1];
- lg->device_limit = args[3];
-
- /* This is the first cpu (cpu 0) and it will start booting at args[2] */
- err = lg_cpu_start(&lg->cpus[0], 0, args[2]);
- if (err)
- goto free_lg;
-
- /*
- * Initialize the Guest's shadow page tables. This allocates
- * memory, so can fail.
- */
- err = init_guest_pagetable(lg);
- if (err)
- goto free_regs;
-
- /* We keep our "struct lguest" in the file's private_data. */
- file->private_data = lg;
-
- mutex_unlock(&lguest_lock);
-
- /* And because this is a write() call, we return the length used. */
- return sizeof(args);
-
-free_regs:
- /* FIXME: This should be in free_vcpu */
- free_page(lg->cpus[0].regs_page);
-free_lg:
- kfree(lg);
-unlock:
- mutex_unlock(&lguest_lock);
- return err;
-}
-
-/*L:010
- * The first operation the Launcher does must be a write. All writes
- * start with an unsigned long number: for the first write this must be
- * LHREQ_INITIALIZE to set up the Guest. After that the Launcher can use
- * writes of other values to send interrupts or set up receipt of notifications.
- *
- * Note that we overload the "offset" in the /dev/lguest file to indicate what
- * CPU number we're dealing with. Currently this is always 0 since we only
- * support uniprocessor Guests, but you can see the beginnings of SMP support
- * here.
- */
-static ssize_t write(struct file *file, const char __user *in,
- size_t size, loff_t *off)
-{
- /*
- * Once the Guest is initialized, we hold the "struct lguest" in the
- * file private data.
- */
- struct lguest *lg = file->private_data;
- const unsigned long __user *input = (const unsigned long __user *)in;
- unsigned long req;
- struct lg_cpu *uninitialized_var(cpu);
- unsigned int cpu_id = *off;
-
- /* The first value tells us what this request is. */
- if (get_user(req, input) != 0)
- return -EFAULT;
- input++;
-
- /* If you haven't initialized, you must do that first. */
- if (req != LHREQ_INITIALIZE) {
- if (!lg || (cpu_id >= lg->nr_cpus))
- return -EINVAL;
- cpu = &lg->cpus[cpu_id];
-
- /* Once the Guest is dead, you can only read() why it died. */
- if (lg->dead)
- return -ENOENT;
- }
-
- switch (req) {
- case LHREQ_INITIALIZE:
- return initialize(file, input);
- case LHREQ_IRQ:
- return user_send_irq(cpu, input);
- case LHREQ_GETREG:
- return getreg_setup(cpu, input);
- case LHREQ_SETREG:
- return setreg(cpu, input);
- case LHREQ_TRAP:
- return trap(cpu, input);
- default:
- return -EINVAL;
- }
-}
-
-static int open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
-{
- file->private_data = NULL;
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*L:060
- * The final piece of interface code is the close() routine. It reverses
- * everything done in initialize(). This is usually called because the
- * Launcher exited.
- *
- * Note that the close routine returns 0 or a negative error number: it can't
- * really fail, but it can whine. I blame Sun for this wart, and K&R C for
- * letting them do it.
-:*/
-static int close(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
-{
- struct lguest *lg = file->private_data;
- unsigned int i;
-
- /* If we never successfully initialized, there's nothing to clean up */
- if (!lg)
- return 0;
-
- /*
- * We need the big lock, to protect from inter-guest I/O and other
- * Launchers initializing guests.
- */
- mutex_lock(&lguest_lock);
-
- /* Free up the shadow page tables for the Guest. */
- free_guest_pagetable(lg);
-
- for (i = 0; i < lg->nr_cpus; i++) {
- /* Cancels the hrtimer set via LHCALL_SET_CLOCKEVENT. */
- hrtimer_cancel(&lg->cpus[i].hrt);
- /* We can free up the register page we allocated. */
- free_page(lg->cpus[i].regs_page);
- /*
- * Now all the memory cleanups are done, it's safe to release
- * the Launcher's memory management structure.
- */
- mmput(lg->cpus[i].mm);
- }
-
- /*
- * If lg->dead doesn't contain an error code it will be NULL or a
- * kmalloc()ed string, either of which is ok to hand to kfree().
- */
- if (!IS_ERR(lg->dead))
- kfree(lg->dead);
- /* Free the memory allocated to the lguest_struct */
- kfree(lg);
- /* Release lock and exit. */
- mutex_unlock(&lguest_lock);
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*L:000
- * Welcome to our journey through the Launcher!
- *
- * The Launcher is the Host userspace program which sets up, runs and services
- * the Guest. In fact, many comments in the Drivers which refer to "the Host"
- * doing things are inaccurate: the Launcher does all the device handling for
- * the Guest, but the Guest can't know that.
- *
- * Just to confuse you: to the Host kernel, the Launcher *is* the Guest and we
- * shall see more of that later.
- *
- * We begin our understanding with the Host kernel interface which the Launcher
- * uses: reading and writing a character device called /dev/lguest. All the
- * work happens in the read(), write() and close() routines:
- */
-static const struct file_operations lguest_fops = {
- .owner = THIS_MODULE,
- .open = open,
- .release = close,
- .write = write,
- .read = read,
- .llseek = default_llseek,
-};
-/*:*/
-
-/*
- * This is a textbook example of a "misc" character device. Populate a "struct
- * miscdevice" and register it with misc_register().
- */
-static struct miscdevice lguest_dev = {
- .minor = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
- .name = "lguest",
- .fops = &lguest_fops,
-};
-
-int __init lguest_device_init(void)
-{
- return misc_register(&lguest_dev);
-}
-
-void __exit lguest_device_remove(void)
-{
- misc_deregister(&lguest_dev);
-}
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/page_tables.c b/drivers/lguest/page_tables.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 0bc127e9f16a..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/page_tables.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1239 +0,0 @@
-/*P:700
- * The pagetable code, on the other hand, still shows the scars of
- * previous encounters. It's functional, and as neat as it can be in the
- * circumstances, but be wary, for these things are subtle and break easily.
- * The Guest provides a virtual to physical mapping, but we can neither trust
- * it nor use it: we verify and convert it here then point the CPU to the
- * converted Guest pages when running the Guest.
-:*/
-
-/* Copyright (C) Rusty Russell IBM Corporation 2013.
- * GPL v2 and any later version */
-#include <linux/mm.h>
-#include <linux/gfp.h>
-#include <linux/types.h>
-#include <linux/spinlock.h>
-#include <linux/random.h>
-#include <linux/percpu.h>
-#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
-#include <linux/uaccess.h>
-#include "lg.h"
-
-/*M:008
- * We hold reference to pages, which prevents them from being swapped.
- * It'd be nice to have a callback in the "struct mm_struct" when Linux wants
- * to swap out. If we had this, and a shrinker callback to trim PTE pages, we
- * could probably consider launching Guests as non-root.
-:*/
-
-/*H:300
- * The Page Table Code
- *
- * We use two-level page tables for the Guest, or three-level with PAE. If
- * you're not entirely comfortable with virtual addresses, physical addresses
- * and page tables then I recommend you review arch/x86/lguest/boot.c's "Page
- * Table Handling" (with diagrams!).
- *
- * The Guest keeps page tables, but we maintain the actual ones here: these are
- * called "shadow" page tables. Which is a very Guest-centric name: these are
- * the real page tables the CPU uses, although we keep them up to date to
- * reflect the Guest's. (See what I mean about weird naming? Since when do
- * shadows reflect anything?)
- *
- * Anyway, this is the most complicated part of the Host code. There are seven
- * parts to this:
- * (i) Looking up a page table entry when the Guest faults,
- * (ii) Making sure the Guest stack is mapped,
- * (iii) Setting up a page table entry when the Guest tells us one has changed,
- * (iv) Switching page tables,
- * (v) Flushing (throwing away) page tables,
- * (vi) Mapping the Switcher when the Guest is about to run,
- * (vii) Setting up the page tables initially.
-:*/
-
-/*
- * The Switcher uses the complete top PTE page. That's 1024 PTE entries (4MB)
- * or 512 PTE entries with PAE (2MB).
- */
-#define SWITCHER_PGD_INDEX (PTRS_PER_PGD - 1)
-
-/*
- * For PAE we need the PMD index as well. We use the last 2MB, so we
- * will need the last pmd entry of the last pmd page.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-#define CHECK_GPGD_MASK _PAGE_PRESENT
-#else
-#define CHECK_GPGD_MASK _PAGE_TABLE
-#endif
-
-/*H:320
- * The page table code is curly enough to need helper functions to keep it
- * clear and clean. The kernel itself provides many of them; one advantage
- * of insisting that the Guest and Host use the same CONFIG_X86_PAE setting.
- *
- * There are two functions which return pointers to the shadow (aka "real")
- * page tables.
- *
- * spgd_addr() takes the virtual address and returns a pointer to the top-level
- * page directory entry (PGD) for that address. Since we keep track of several
- * page tables, the "i" argument tells us which one we're interested in (it's
- * usually the current one).
- */
-static pgd_t *spgd_addr(struct lg_cpu *cpu, u32 i, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned int index = pgd_index(vaddr);
-
- /* Return a pointer index'th pgd entry for the i'th page table. */
- return &cpu->lg->pgdirs[i].pgdir[index];
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-/*
- * This routine then takes the PGD entry given above, which contains the
- * address of the PMD page. It then returns a pointer to the PMD entry for the
- * given address.
- */
-static pmd_t *spmd_addr(struct lg_cpu *cpu, pgd_t spgd, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned int index = pmd_index(vaddr);
- pmd_t *page;
-
- /* You should never call this if the PGD entry wasn't valid */
- BUG_ON(!(pgd_flags(spgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT));
- page = __va(pgd_pfn(spgd) << PAGE_SHIFT);
-
- return &page[index];
-}
-#endif
-
-/*
- * This routine then takes the page directory entry returned above, which
- * contains the address of the page table entry (PTE) page. It then returns a
- * pointer to the PTE entry for the given address.
- */
-static pte_t *spte_addr(struct lg_cpu *cpu, pgd_t spgd, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- pmd_t *pmd = spmd_addr(cpu, spgd, vaddr);
- pte_t *page = __va(pmd_pfn(*pmd) << PAGE_SHIFT);
-
- /* You should never call this if the PMD entry wasn't valid */
- BUG_ON(!(pmd_flags(*pmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT));
-#else
- pte_t *page = __va(pgd_pfn(spgd) << PAGE_SHIFT);
- /* You should never call this if the PGD entry wasn't valid */
- BUG_ON(!(pgd_flags(spgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT));
-#endif
-
- return &page[pte_index(vaddr)];
-}
-
-/*
- * These functions are just like the above, except they access the Guest
- * page tables. Hence they return a Guest address.
- */
-static unsigned long gpgd_addr(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned int index = vaddr >> (PGDIR_SHIFT);
- return cpu->lg->pgdirs[cpu->cpu_pgd].gpgdir + index * sizeof(pgd_t);
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-/* Follow the PGD to the PMD. */
-static unsigned long gpmd_addr(pgd_t gpgd, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned long gpage = pgd_pfn(gpgd) << PAGE_SHIFT;
- BUG_ON(!(pgd_flags(gpgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT));
- return gpage + pmd_index(vaddr) * sizeof(pmd_t);
-}
-
-/* Follow the PMD to the PTE. */
-static unsigned long gpte_addr(struct lg_cpu *cpu,
- pmd_t gpmd, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned long gpage = pmd_pfn(gpmd) << PAGE_SHIFT;
-
- BUG_ON(!(pmd_flags(gpmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT));
- return gpage + pte_index(vaddr) * sizeof(pte_t);
-}
-#else
-/* Follow the PGD to the PTE (no mid-level for !PAE). */
-static unsigned long gpte_addr(struct lg_cpu *cpu,
- pgd_t gpgd, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned long gpage = pgd_pfn(gpgd) << PAGE_SHIFT;
-
- BUG_ON(!(pgd_flags(gpgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT));
- return gpage + pte_index(vaddr) * sizeof(pte_t);
-}
-#endif
-/*:*/
-
-/*M:007
- * get_pfn is slow: we could probably try to grab batches of pages here as
- * an optimization (ie. pre-faulting).
-:*/
-
-/*H:350
- * This routine takes a page number given by the Guest and converts it to
- * an actual, physical page number. It can fail for several reasons: the
- * virtual address might not be mapped by the Launcher, the write flag is set
- * and the page is read-only, or the write flag was set and the page was
- * shared so had to be copied, but we ran out of memory.
- *
- * This holds a reference to the page, so release_pte() is careful to put that
- * back.
- */
-static unsigned long get_pfn(unsigned long virtpfn, int write)
-{
- struct page *page;
-
- /* gup me one page at this address please! */
- if (get_user_pages_fast(virtpfn << PAGE_SHIFT, 1, write, &page) == 1)
- return page_to_pfn(page);
-
- /* This value indicates failure. */
- return -1UL;
-}
-
-/*H:340
- * Converting a Guest page table entry to a shadow (ie. real) page table
- * entry can be a little tricky. The flags are (almost) the same, but the
- * Guest PTE contains a virtual page number: the CPU needs the real page
- * number.
- */
-static pte_t gpte_to_spte(struct lg_cpu *cpu, pte_t gpte, int write)
-{
- unsigned long pfn, base, flags;
-
- /*
- * The Guest sets the global flag, because it thinks that it is using
- * PGE. We only told it to use PGE so it would tell us whether it was
- * flushing a kernel mapping or a userspace mapping. We don't actually
- * use the global bit, so throw it away.
- */
- flags = (pte_flags(gpte) & ~_PAGE_GLOBAL);
-
- /* The Guest's pages are offset inside the Launcher. */
- base = (unsigned long)cpu->lg->mem_base / PAGE_SIZE;
-
- /*
- * We need a temporary "unsigned long" variable to hold the answer from
- * get_pfn(), because it returns 0xFFFFFFFF on failure, which wouldn't
- * fit in spte.pfn. get_pfn() finds the real physical number of the
- * page, given the virtual number.
- */
- pfn = get_pfn(base + pte_pfn(gpte), write);
- if (pfn == -1UL) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "failed to get page %lu", pte_pfn(gpte));
- /*
- * When we destroy the Guest, we'll go through the shadow page
- * tables and release_pte() them. Make sure we don't think
- * this one is valid!
- */
- flags = 0;
- }
- /* Now we assemble our shadow PTE from the page number and flags. */
- return pfn_pte(pfn, __pgprot(flags));
-}
-
-/*H:460 And to complete the chain, release_pte() looks like this: */
-static void release_pte(pte_t pte)
-{
- /*
- * Remember that get_user_pages_fast() took a reference to the page, in
- * get_pfn()? We have to put it back now.
- */
- if (pte_flags(pte) & _PAGE_PRESENT)
- put_page(pte_page(pte));
-}
-/*:*/
-
-static bool gpte_in_iomem(struct lg_cpu *cpu, pte_t gpte)
-{
- /* We don't handle large pages. */
- if (pte_flags(gpte) & _PAGE_PSE)
- return false;
-
- return (pte_pfn(gpte) >= cpu->lg->pfn_limit
- && pte_pfn(gpte) < cpu->lg->device_limit);
-}
-
-static bool check_gpte(struct lg_cpu *cpu, pte_t gpte)
-{
- if ((pte_flags(gpte) & _PAGE_PSE) ||
- pte_pfn(gpte) >= cpu->lg->pfn_limit) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad page table entry");
- return false;
- }
- return true;
-}
-
-static bool check_gpgd(struct lg_cpu *cpu, pgd_t gpgd)
-{
- if ((pgd_flags(gpgd) & ~CHECK_GPGD_MASK) ||
- (pgd_pfn(gpgd) >= cpu->lg->pfn_limit)) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad page directory entry");
- return false;
- }
- return true;
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-static bool check_gpmd(struct lg_cpu *cpu, pmd_t gpmd)
-{
- if ((pmd_flags(gpmd) & ~_PAGE_TABLE) ||
- (pmd_pfn(gpmd) >= cpu->lg->pfn_limit)) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad page middle directory entry");
- return false;
- }
- return true;
-}
-#endif
-
-/*H:331
- * This is the core routine to walk the shadow page tables and find the page
- * table entry for a specific address.
- *
- * If allocate is set, then we allocate any missing levels, setting the flags
- * on the new page directory and mid-level directories using the arguments
- * (which are copied from the Guest's page table entries).
- */
-static pte_t *find_spte(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr, bool allocate,
- int pgd_flags, int pmd_flags)
-{
- pgd_t *spgd;
- /* Mid level for PAE. */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- pmd_t *spmd;
-#endif
-
- /* Get top level entry. */
- spgd = spgd_addr(cpu, cpu->cpu_pgd, vaddr);
- if (!(pgd_flags(*spgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) {
- /* No shadow entry: allocate a new shadow PTE page. */
- unsigned long ptepage;
-
- /* If they didn't want us to allocate anything, stop. */
- if (!allocate)
- return NULL;
-
- ptepage = get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
- /*
- * This is not really the Guest's fault, but killing it is
- * simple for this corner case.
- */
- if (!ptepage) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "out of memory allocating pte page");
- return NULL;
- }
- /*
- * And we copy the flags to the shadow PGD entry. The page
- * number in the shadow PGD is the page we just allocated.
- */
- set_pgd(spgd, __pgd(__pa(ptepage) | pgd_flags));
- }
-
- /*
- * Intel's Physical Address Extension actually uses three levels of
- * page tables, so we need to look in the mid-level.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- /* Now look at the mid-level shadow entry. */
- spmd = spmd_addr(cpu, *spgd, vaddr);
-
- if (!(pmd_flags(*spmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) {
- /* No shadow entry: allocate a new shadow PTE page. */
- unsigned long ptepage;
-
- /* If they didn't want us to allocate anything, stop. */
- if (!allocate)
- return NULL;
-
- ptepage = get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
-
- /*
- * This is not really the Guest's fault, but killing it is
- * simple for this corner case.
- */
- if (!ptepage) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "out of memory allocating pmd page");
- return NULL;
- }
-
- /*
- * And we copy the flags to the shadow PMD entry. The page
- * number in the shadow PMD is the page we just allocated.
- */
- set_pmd(spmd, __pmd(__pa(ptepage) | pmd_flags));
- }
-#endif
-
- /* Get the pointer to the shadow PTE entry we're going to set. */
- return spte_addr(cpu, *spgd, vaddr);
-}
-
-/*H:330
- * (i) Looking up a page table entry when the Guest faults.
- *
- * We saw this call in run_guest(): when we see a page fault in the Guest, we
- * come here. That's because we only set up the shadow page tables lazily as
- * they're needed, so we get page faults all the time and quietly fix them up
- * and return to the Guest without it knowing.
- *
- * If we fixed up the fault (ie. we mapped the address), this routine returns
- * true. Otherwise, it was a real fault and we need to tell the Guest.
- *
- * There's a corner case: they're trying to access memory between
- * pfn_limit and device_limit, which is I/O memory. In this case, we
- * return false and set @iomem to the physical address, so the the
- * Launcher can handle the instruction manually.
- */
-bool demand_page(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr, int errcode,
- unsigned long *iomem)
-{
- unsigned long gpte_ptr;
- pte_t gpte;
- pte_t *spte;
- pmd_t gpmd;
- pgd_t gpgd;
-
- *iomem = 0;
-
- /* We never demand page the Switcher, so trying is a mistake. */
- if (vaddr >= switcher_addr)
- return false;
-
- /* First step: get the top-level Guest page table entry. */
- if (unlikely(cpu->linear_pages)) {
- /* Faking up a linear mapping. */
- gpgd = __pgd(CHECK_GPGD_MASK);
- } else {
- gpgd = lgread(cpu, gpgd_addr(cpu, vaddr), pgd_t);
- /* Toplevel not present? We can't map it in. */
- if (!(pgd_flags(gpgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
- return false;
-
- /*
- * This kills the Guest if it has weird flags or tries to
- * refer to a "physical" address outside the bounds.
- */
- if (!check_gpgd(cpu, gpgd))
- return false;
- }
-
- /* This "mid-level" entry is only used for non-linear, PAE mode. */
- gpmd = __pmd(_PAGE_TABLE);
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- if (likely(!cpu->linear_pages)) {
- gpmd = lgread(cpu, gpmd_addr(gpgd, vaddr), pmd_t);
- /* Middle level not present? We can't map it in. */
- if (!(pmd_flags(gpmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
- return false;
-
- /*
- * This kills the Guest if it has weird flags or tries to
- * refer to a "physical" address outside the bounds.
- */
- if (!check_gpmd(cpu, gpmd))
- return false;
- }
-
- /*
- * OK, now we look at the lower level in the Guest page table: keep its
- * address, because we might update it later.
- */
- gpte_ptr = gpte_addr(cpu, gpmd, vaddr);
-#else
- /*
- * OK, now we look at the lower level in the Guest page table: keep its
- * address, because we might update it later.
- */
- gpte_ptr = gpte_addr(cpu, gpgd, vaddr);
-#endif
-
- if (unlikely(cpu->linear_pages)) {
- /* Linear? Make up a PTE which points to same page. */
- gpte = __pte((vaddr & PAGE_MASK) | _PAGE_RW | _PAGE_PRESENT);
- } else {
- /* Read the actual PTE value. */
- gpte = lgread(cpu, gpte_ptr, pte_t);
- }
-
- /* If this page isn't in the Guest page tables, we can't page it in. */
- if (!(pte_flags(gpte) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
- return false;
-
- /*
- * Check they're not trying to write to a page the Guest wants
- * read-only (bit 2 of errcode == write).
- */
- if ((errcode & 2) && !(pte_flags(gpte) & _PAGE_RW))
- return false;
-
- /* User access to a kernel-only page? (bit 3 == user access) */
- if ((errcode & 4) && !(pte_flags(gpte) & _PAGE_USER))
- return false;
-
- /* If they're accessing io memory, we expect a fault. */
- if (gpte_in_iomem(cpu, gpte)) {
- *iomem = (pte_pfn(gpte) << PAGE_SHIFT) | (vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK);
- return false;
- }
-
- /*
- * Check that the Guest PTE flags are OK, and the page number is below
- * the pfn_limit (ie. not mapping the Launcher binary).
- */
- if (!check_gpte(cpu, gpte))
- return false;
-
- /* Add the _PAGE_ACCESSED and (for a write) _PAGE_DIRTY flag */
- gpte = pte_mkyoung(gpte);
- if (errcode & 2)
- gpte = pte_mkdirty(gpte);
-
- /* Get the pointer to the shadow PTE entry we're going to set. */
- spte = find_spte(cpu, vaddr, true, pgd_flags(gpgd), pmd_flags(gpmd));
- if (!spte)
- return false;
-
- /*
- * If there was a valid shadow PTE entry here before, we release it.
- * This can happen with a write to a previously read-only entry.
- */
- release_pte(*spte);
-
- /*
- * If this is a write, we insist that the Guest page is writable (the
- * final arg to gpte_to_spte()).
- */
- if (pte_dirty(gpte))
- *spte = gpte_to_spte(cpu, gpte, 1);
- else
- /*
- * If this is a read, don't set the "writable" bit in the page
- * table entry, even if the Guest says it's writable. That way
- * we will come back here when a write does actually occur, so
- * we can update the Guest's _PAGE_DIRTY flag.
- */
- set_pte(spte, gpte_to_spte(cpu, pte_wrprotect(gpte), 0));
-
- /*
- * Finally, we write the Guest PTE entry back: we've set the
- * _PAGE_ACCESSED and maybe the _PAGE_DIRTY flags.
- */
- if (likely(!cpu->linear_pages))
- lgwrite(cpu, gpte_ptr, pte_t, gpte);
-
- /*
- * The fault is fixed, the page table is populated, the mapping
- * manipulated, the result returned and the code complete. A small
- * delay and a trace of alliteration are the only indications the Guest
- * has that a page fault occurred at all.
- */
- return true;
-}
-
-/*H:360
- * (ii) Making sure the Guest stack is mapped.
- *
- * Remember that direct traps into the Guest need a mapped Guest kernel stack.
- * pin_stack_pages() calls us here: we could simply call demand_page(), but as
- * we've seen that logic is quite long, and usually the stack pages are already
- * mapped, so it's overkill.
- *
- * This is a quick version which answers the question: is this virtual address
- * mapped by the shadow page tables, and is it writable?
- */
-static bool page_writable(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- pte_t *spte;
- unsigned long flags;
-
- /* You can't put your stack in the Switcher! */
- if (vaddr >= switcher_addr)
- return false;
-
- /* If there's no shadow PTE, it's not writable. */
- spte = find_spte(cpu, vaddr, false, 0, 0);
- if (!spte)
- return false;
-
- /*
- * Check the flags on the pte entry itself: it must be present and
- * writable.
- */
- flags = pte_flags(*spte);
- return (flags & (_PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_RW)) == (_PAGE_PRESENT|_PAGE_RW);
-}
-
-/*
- * So, when pin_stack_pages() asks us to pin a page, we check if it's already
- * in the page tables, and if not, we call demand_page() with error code 2
- * (meaning "write").
- */
-void pin_page(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned long iomem;
-
- if (!page_writable(cpu, vaddr) && !demand_page(cpu, vaddr, 2, &iomem))
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad stack page %#lx", vaddr);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-static void release_pmd(pmd_t *spmd)
-{
- /* If the entry's not present, there's nothing to release. */
- if (pmd_flags(*spmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
- unsigned int i;
- pte_t *ptepage = __va(pmd_pfn(*spmd) << PAGE_SHIFT);
- /* For each entry in the page, we might need to release it. */
- for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++)
- release_pte(ptepage[i]);
- /* Now we can free the page of PTEs */
- free_page((long)ptepage);
- /* And zero out the PMD entry so we never release it twice. */
- set_pmd(spmd, __pmd(0));
- }
-}
-
-static void release_pgd(pgd_t *spgd)
-{
- /* If the entry's not present, there's nothing to release. */
- if (pgd_flags(*spgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
- unsigned int i;
- pmd_t *pmdpage = __va(pgd_pfn(*spgd) << PAGE_SHIFT);
-
- for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++)
- release_pmd(&pmdpage[i]);
-
- /* Now we can free the page of PMDs */
- free_page((long)pmdpage);
- /* And zero out the PGD entry so we never release it twice. */
- set_pgd(spgd, __pgd(0));
- }
-}
-
-#else /* !CONFIG_X86_PAE */
-/*H:450
- * If we chase down the release_pgd() code, the non-PAE version looks like
- * this. The PAE version is almost identical, but instead of calling
- * release_pte it calls release_pmd(), which looks much like this.
- */
-static void release_pgd(pgd_t *spgd)
-{
- /* If the entry's not present, there's nothing to release. */
- if (pgd_flags(*spgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
- unsigned int i;
- /*
- * Converting the pfn to find the actual PTE page is easy: turn
- * the page number into a physical address, then convert to a
- * virtual address (easy for kernel pages like this one).
- */
- pte_t *ptepage = __va(pgd_pfn(*spgd) << PAGE_SHIFT);
- /* For each entry in the page, we might need to release it. */
- for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++)
- release_pte(ptepage[i]);
- /* Now we can free the page of PTEs */
- free_page((long)ptepage);
- /* And zero out the PGD entry so we never release it twice. */
- *spgd = __pgd(0);
- }
-}
-#endif
-
-/*H:445
- * We saw flush_user_mappings() twice: once from the flush_user_mappings()
- * hypercall and once in new_pgdir() when we re-used a top-level pgdir page.
- * It simply releases every PTE page from 0 up to the Guest's kernel address.
- */
-static void flush_user_mappings(struct lguest *lg, int idx)
-{
- unsigned int i;
- /* Release every pgd entry up to the kernel's address. */
- for (i = 0; i < pgd_index(lg->kernel_address); i++)
- release_pgd(lg->pgdirs[idx].pgdir + i);
-}
-
-/*H:440
- * (v) Flushing (throwing away) page tables,
- *
- * The Guest has a hypercall to throw away the page tables: it's used when a
- * large number of mappings have been changed.
- */
-void guest_pagetable_flush_user(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- /* Drop the userspace part of the current page table. */
- flush_user_mappings(cpu->lg, cpu->cpu_pgd);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/* We walk down the guest page tables to get a guest-physical address */
-bool __guest_pa(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long *paddr)
-{
- pgd_t gpgd;
- pte_t gpte;
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- pmd_t gpmd;
-#endif
-
- /* Still not set up? Just map 1:1. */
- if (unlikely(cpu->linear_pages)) {
- *paddr = vaddr;
- return true;
- }
-
- /* First step: get the top-level Guest page table entry. */
- gpgd = lgread(cpu, gpgd_addr(cpu, vaddr), pgd_t);
- /* Toplevel not present? We can't map it in. */
- if (!(pgd_flags(gpgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
- goto fail;
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- gpmd = lgread(cpu, gpmd_addr(gpgd, vaddr), pmd_t);
- if (!(pmd_flags(gpmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
- goto fail;
- gpte = lgread(cpu, gpte_addr(cpu, gpmd, vaddr), pte_t);
-#else
- gpte = lgread(cpu, gpte_addr(cpu, gpgd, vaddr), pte_t);
-#endif
- if (!(pte_flags(gpte) & _PAGE_PRESENT))
- goto fail;
-
- *paddr = pte_pfn(gpte) * PAGE_SIZE | (vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK);
- return true;
-
-fail:
- *paddr = -1UL;
- return false;
-}
-
-/*
- * This is the version we normally use: kills the Guest if it uses a
- * bad address
- */
-unsigned long guest_pa(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long vaddr)
-{
- unsigned long paddr;
-
- if (!__guest_pa(cpu, vaddr, &paddr))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Bad address %#lx", vaddr);
- return paddr;
-}
-
-/*
- * We keep several page tables. This is a simple routine to find the page
- * table (if any) corresponding to this top-level address the Guest has given
- * us.
- */
-static unsigned int find_pgdir(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long pgtable)
-{
- unsigned int i;
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(lg->pgdirs); i++)
- if (lg->pgdirs[i].pgdir && lg->pgdirs[i].gpgdir == pgtable)
- break;
- return i;
-}
-
-/*H:435
- * And this is us, creating the new page directory. If we really do
- * allocate a new one (and so the kernel parts are not there), we set
- * blank_pgdir.
- */
-static unsigned int new_pgdir(struct lg_cpu *cpu,
- unsigned long gpgdir,
- int *blank_pgdir)
-{
- unsigned int next;
-
- /*
- * We pick one entry at random to throw out. Choosing the Least
- * Recently Used might be better, but this is easy.
- */
- next = prandom_u32() % ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->lg->pgdirs);
- /* If it's never been allocated at all before, try now. */
- if (!cpu->lg->pgdirs[next].pgdir) {
- cpu->lg->pgdirs[next].pgdir =
- (pgd_t *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
- /* If the allocation fails, just keep using the one we have */
- if (!cpu->lg->pgdirs[next].pgdir)
- next = cpu->cpu_pgd;
- else {
- /*
- * This is a blank page, so there are no kernel
- * mappings: caller must map the stack!
- */
- *blank_pgdir = 1;
- }
- }
- /* Record which Guest toplevel this shadows. */
- cpu->lg->pgdirs[next].gpgdir = gpgdir;
- /* Release all the non-kernel mappings. */
- flush_user_mappings(cpu->lg, next);
-
- /* This hasn't run on any CPU at all. */
- cpu->lg->pgdirs[next].last_host_cpu = -1;
-
- return next;
-}
-
-/*H:501
- * We do need the Switcher code mapped at all times, so we allocate that
- * part of the Guest page table here. We map the Switcher code immediately,
- * but defer mapping of the guest register page and IDT/LDT etc page until
- * just before we run the guest in map_switcher_in_guest().
- *
- * We *could* do this setup in map_switcher_in_guest(), but at that point
- * we've interrupts disabled, and allocating pages like that is fraught: we
- * can't sleep if we need to free up some memory.
- */
-static bool allocate_switcher_mapping(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < TOTAL_SWITCHER_PAGES; i++) {
- pte_t *pte = find_spte(cpu, switcher_addr + i * PAGE_SIZE, true,
- CHECK_GPGD_MASK, _PAGE_TABLE);
- if (!pte)
- return false;
-
- /*
- * Map the switcher page if not already there. It might
- * already be there because we call allocate_switcher_mapping()
- * in guest_set_pgd() just in case it did discard our Switcher
- * mapping, but it probably didn't.
- */
- if (i == 0 && !(pte_flags(*pte) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) {
- /* Get a reference to the Switcher page. */
- get_page(lg_switcher_pages[0]);
- /* Create a read-only, exectuable, kernel-style PTE */
- set_pte(pte,
- mk_pte(lg_switcher_pages[0], PAGE_KERNEL_RX));
- }
- }
- cpu->lg->pgdirs[cpu->cpu_pgd].switcher_mapped = true;
- return true;
-}
-
-/*H:470
- * Finally, a routine which throws away everything: all PGD entries in all
- * the shadow page tables, including the Guest's kernel mappings. This is used
- * when we destroy the Guest.
- */
-static void release_all_pagetables(struct lguest *lg)
-{
- unsigned int i, j;
-
- /* Every shadow pagetable this Guest has */
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(lg->pgdirs); i++) {
- if (!lg->pgdirs[i].pgdir)
- continue;
-
- /* Every PGD entry. */
- for (j = 0; j < PTRS_PER_PGD; j++)
- release_pgd(lg->pgdirs[i].pgdir + j);
- lg->pgdirs[i].switcher_mapped = false;
- lg->pgdirs[i].last_host_cpu = -1;
- }
-}
-
-/*
- * We also throw away everything when a Guest tells us it's changed a kernel
- * mapping. Since kernel mappings are in every page table, it's easiest to
- * throw them all away. This traps the Guest in amber for a while as
- * everything faults back in, but it's rare.
- */
-void guest_pagetable_clear_all(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- release_all_pagetables(cpu->lg);
- /* We need the Guest kernel stack mapped again. */
- pin_stack_pages(cpu);
- /* And we need Switcher allocated. */
- if (!allocate_switcher_mapping(cpu))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Cannot populate switcher mapping");
-}
-
-/*H:430
- * (iv) Switching page tables
- *
- * Now we've seen all the page table setting and manipulation, let's see
- * what happens when the Guest changes page tables (ie. changes the top-level
- * pgdir). This occurs on almost every context switch.
- */
-void guest_new_pagetable(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long pgtable)
-{
- int newpgdir, repin = 0;
-
- /*
- * The very first time they call this, we're actually running without
- * any page tables; we've been making it up. Throw them away now.
- */
- if (unlikely(cpu->linear_pages)) {
- release_all_pagetables(cpu->lg);
- cpu->linear_pages = false;
- /* Force allocation of a new pgdir. */
- newpgdir = ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->lg->pgdirs);
- } else {
- /* Look to see if we have this one already. */
- newpgdir = find_pgdir(cpu->lg, pgtable);
- }
-
- /*
- * If not, we allocate or mug an existing one: if it's a fresh one,
- * repin gets set to 1.
- */
- if (newpgdir == ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->lg->pgdirs))
- newpgdir = new_pgdir(cpu, pgtable, &repin);
- /* Change the current pgd index to the new one. */
- cpu->cpu_pgd = newpgdir;
- /*
- * If it was completely blank, we map in the Guest kernel stack and
- * the Switcher.
- */
- if (repin)
- pin_stack_pages(cpu);
-
- if (!cpu->lg->pgdirs[cpu->cpu_pgd].switcher_mapped) {
- if (!allocate_switcher_mapping(cpu))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Cannot populate switcher mapping");
- }
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*M:009
- * Since we throw away all mappings when a kernel mapping changes, our
- * performance sucks for guests using highmem. In fact, a guest with
- * PAGE_OFFSET 0xc0000000 (the default) and more than about 700MB of RAM is
- * usually slower than a Guest with less memory.
- *
- * This, of course, cannot be fixed. It would take some kind of... well, I
- * don't know, but the term "puissant code-fu" comes to mind.
-:*/
-
-/*H:420
- * This is the routine which actually sets the page table entry for then
- * "idx"'th shadow page table.
- *
- * Normally, we can just throw out the old entry and replace it with 0: if they
- * use it demand_page() will put the new entry in. We need to do this anyway:
- * The Guest expects _PAGE_ACCESSED to be set on its PTE the first time a page
- * is read from, and _PAGE_DIRTY when it's written to.
- *
- * But Avi Kivity pointed out that most Operating Systems (Linux included) set
- * these bits on PTEs immediately anyway. This is done to save the CPU from
- * having to update them, but it helps us the same way: if they set
- * _PAGE_ACCESSED then we can put a read-only PTE entry in immediately, and if
- * they set _PAGE_DIRTY then we can put a writable PTE entry in immediately.
- */
-static void __guest_set_pte(struct lg_cpu *cpu, int idx,
- unsigned long vaddr, pte_t gpte)
-{
- /* Look up the matching shadow page directory entry. */
- pgd_t *spgd = spgd_addr(cpu, idx, vaddr);
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- pmd_t *spmd;
-#endif
-
- /* If the top level isn't present, there's no entry to update. */
- if (pgd_flags(*spgd) & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- spmd = spmd_addr(cpu, *spgd, vaddr);
- if (pmd_flags(*spmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
-#endif
- /* Otherwise, start by releasing the existing entry. */
- pte_t *spte = spte_addr(cpu, *spgd, vaddr);
- release_pte(*spte);
-
- /*
- * If they're setting this entry as dirty or accessed,
- * we might as well put that entry they've given us in
- * now. This shaves 10% off a copy-on-write
- * micro-benchmark.
- */
- if ((pte_flags(gpte) & (_PAGE_DIRTY | _PAGE_ACCESSED))
- && !gpte_in_iomem(cpu, gpte)) {
- if (!check_gpte(cpu, gpte))
- return;
- set_pte(spte,
- gpte_to_spte(cpu, gpte,
- pte_flags(gpte) & _PAGE_DIRTY));
- } else {
- /*
- * Otherwise kill it and we can demand_page()
- * it in later.
- */
- set_pte(spte, __pte(0));
- }
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- }
-#endif
- }
-}
-
-/*H:410
- * Updating a PTE entry is a little trickier.
- *
- * We keep track of several different page tables (the Guest uses one for each
- * process, so it makes sense to cache at least a few). Each of these have
- * identical kernel parts: ie. every mapping above PAGE_OFFSET is the same for
- * all processes. So when the page table above that address changes, we update
- * all the page tables, not just the current one. This is rare.
- *
- * The benefit is that when we have to track a new page table, we can keep all
- * the kernel mappings. This speeds up context switch immensely.
- */
-void guest_set_pte(struct lg_cpu *cpu,
- unsigned long gpgdir, unsigned long vaddr, pte_t gpte)
-{
- /* We don't let you remap the Switcher; we need it to get back! */
- if (vaddr >= switcher_addr) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "attempt to set pte into Switcher pages");
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * Kernel mappings must be changed on all top levels. Slow, but doesn't
- * happen often.
- */
- if (vaddr >= cpu->lg->kernel_address) {
- unsigned int i;
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->lg->pgdirs); i++)
- if (cpu->lg->pgdirs[i].pgdir)
- __guest_set_pte(cpu, i, vaddr, gpte);
- } else {
- /* Is this page table one we have a shadow for? */
- int pgdir = find_pgdir(cpu->lg, gpgdir);
- if (pgdir != ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->lg->pgdirs))
- /* If so, do the update. */
- __guest_set_pte(cpu, pgdir, vaddr, gpte);
- }
-}
-
-/*H:400
- * (iii) Setting up a page table entry when the Guest tells us one has changed.
- *
- * Just like we did in interrupts_and_traps.c, it makes sense for us to deal
- * with the other side of page tables while we're here: what happens when the
- * Guest asks for a page table to be updated?
- *
- * We already saw that demand_page() will fill in the shadow page tables when
- * needed, so we can simply remove shadow page table entries whenever the Guest
- * tells us they've changed. When the Guest tries to use the new entry it will
- * fault and demand_page() will fix it up.
- *
- * So with that in mind here's our code to update a (top-level) PGD entry:
- */
-void guest_set_pgd(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long gpgdir, u32 idx)
-{
- int pgdir;
-
- if (idx > PTRS_PER_PGD) {
- kill_guest(&lg->cpus[0], "Attempt to set pgd %u/%u",
- idx, PTRS_PER_PGD);
- return;
- }
-
- /* If they're talking about a page table we have a shadow for... */
- pgdir = find_pgdir(lg, gpgdir);
- if (pgdir < ARRAY_SIZE(lg->pgdirs)) {
- /* ... throw it away. */
- release_pgd(lg->pgdirs[pgdir].pgdir + idx);
- /* That might have been the Switcher mapping, remap it. */
- if (!allocate_switcher_mapping(&lg->cpus[0])) {
- kill_guest(&lg->cpus[0],
- "Cannot populate switcher mapping");
- }
- lg->pgdirs[pgdir].last_host_cpu = -1;
- }
-}
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
-/* For setting a mid-level, we just throw everything away. It's easy. */
-void guest_set_pmd(struct lguest *lg, unsigned long pmdp, u32 idx)
-{
- guest_pagetable_clear_all(&lg->cpus[0]);
-}
-#endif
-
-/*H:500
- * (vii) Setting up the page tables initially.
- *
- * When a Guest is first created, set initialize a shadow page table which
- * we will populate on future faults. The Guest doesn't have any actual
- * pagetables yet, so we set linear_pages to tell demand_page() to fake it
- * for the moment.
- *
- * We do need the Switcher to be mapped at all times, so we allocate that
- * part of the Guest page table here.
- */
-int init_guest_pagetable(struct lguest *lg)
-{
- struct lg_cpu *cpu = &lg->cpus[0];
- int allocated = 0;
-
- /* lg (and lg->cpus[]) starts zeroed: this allocates a new pgdir */
- cpu->cpu_pgd = new_pgdir(cpu, 0, &allocated);
- if (!allocated)
- return -ENOMEM;
-
- /* We start with a linear mapping until the initialize. */
- cpu->linear_pages = true;
-
- /* Allocate the page tables for the Switcher. */
- if (!allocate_switcher_mapping(cpu)) {
- release_all_pagetables(lg);
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
-
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*H:508 When the Guest calls LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT we do more setup. */
-void page_table_guest_data_init(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- /*
- * We tell the Guest that it can't use the virtual addresses
- * used by the Switcher. This trick is equivalent to 4GB -
- * switcher_addr.
- */
- u32 top = ~switcher_addr + 1;
-
- /* We get the kernel address: above this is all kernel memory. */
- if (get_user(cpu->lg->kernel_address,
- &cpu->lg->lguest_data->kernel_address)
- /*
- * We tell the Guest that it can't use the top virtual
- * addresses (used by the Switcher).
- */
- || put_user(top, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->reserve_mem)) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad guest page %p", cpu->lg->lguest_data);
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * In flush_user_mappings() we loop from 0 to
- * "pgd_index(lg->kernel_address)". This assumes it won't hit the
- * Switcher mappings, so check that now.
- */
- if (cpu->lg->kernel_address >= switcher_addr)
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad kernel address %#lx",
- cpu->lg->kernel_address);
-}
-
-/* When a Guest dies, our cleanup is fairly simple. */
-void free_guest_pagetable(struct lguest *lg)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- /* Throw away all page table pages. */
- release_all_pagetables(lg);
- /* Now free the top levels: free_page() can handle 0 just fine. */
- for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(lg->pgdirs); i++)
- free_page((long)lg->pgdirs[i].pgdir);
-}
-
-/*H:481
- * This clears the Switcher mappings for cpu #i.
- */
-static void remove_switcher_percpu_map(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned int i)
-{
- unsigned long base = switcher_addr + PAGE_SIZE + i * PAGE_SIZE*2;
- pte_t *pte;
-
- /* Clear the mappings for both pages. */
- pte = find_spte(cpu, base, false, 0, 0);
- release_pte(*pte);
- set_pte(pte, __pte(0));
-
- pte = find_spte(cpu, base + PAGE_SIZE, false, 0, 0);
- release_pte(*pte);
- set_pte(pte, __pte(0));
-}
-
-/*H:480
- * (vi) Mapping the Switcher when the Guest is about to run.
- *
- * The Switcher and the two pages for this CPU need to be visible in the Guest
- * (and not the pages for other CPUs).
- *
- * The pages for the pagetables have all been allocated before: we just need
- * to make sure the actual PTEs are up-to-date for the CPU we're about to run
- * on.
- */
-void map_switcher_in_guest(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct lguest_pages *pages)
-{
- unsigned long base;
- struct page *percpu_switcher_page, *regs_page;
- pte_t *pte;
- struct pgdir *pgdir = &cpu->lg->pgdirs[cpu->cpu_pgd];
-
- /* Switcher page should always be mapped by now! */
- BUG_ON(!pgdir->switcher_mapped);
-
- /*
- * Remember that we have two pages for each Host CPU, so we can run a
- * Guest on each CPU without them interfering. We need to make sure
- * those pages are mapped correctly in the Guest, but since we usually
- * run on the same CPU, we cache that, and only update the mappings
- * when we move.
- */
- if (pgdir->last_host_cpu == raw_smp_processor_id())
- return;
-
- /* -1 means unknown so we remove everything. */
- if (pgdir->last_host_cpu == -1) {
- unsigned int i;
- for_each_possible_cpu(i)
- remove_switcher_percpu_map(cpu, i);
- } else {
- /* We know exactly what CPU mapping to remove. */
- remove_switcher_percpu_map(cpu, pgdir->last_host_cpu);
- }
-
- /*
- * When we're running the Guest, we want the Guest's "regs" page to
- * appear where the first Switcher page for this CPU is. This is an
- * optimization: when the Switcher saves the Guest registers, it saves
- * them into the first page of this CPU's "struct lguest_pages": if we
- * make sure the Guest's register page is already mapped there, we
- * don't have to copy them out again.
- */
- /* Find the shadow PTE for this regs page. */
- base = switcher_addr + PAGE_SIZE
- + raw_smp_processor_id() * sizeof(struct lguest_pages);
- pte = find_spte(cpu, base, false, 0, 0);
- regs_page = pfn_to_page(__pa(cpu->regs_page) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
- get_page(regs_page);
- set_pte(pte, mk_pte(regs_page, __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL & ~_PAGE_GLOBAL)));
-
- /*
- * We map the second page of the struct lguest_pages read-only in
- * the Guest: the IDT, GDT and other things it's not supposed to
- * change.
- */
- pte = find_spte(cpu, base + PAGE_SIZE, false, 0, 0);
- percpu_switcher_page
- = lg_switcher_pages[1 + raw_smp_processor_id()*2 + 1];
- get_page(percpu_switcher_page);
- set_pte(pte, mk_pte(percpu_switcher_page,
- __pgprot(__PAGE_KERNEL_RO & ~_PAGE_GLOBAL)));
-
- pgdir->last_host_cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
-}
-
-/*H:490
- * We've made it through the page table code. Perhaps our tired brains are
- * still processing the details, or perhaps we're simply glad it's over.
- *
- * If nothing else, note that all this complexity in juggling shadow page tables
- * in sync with the Guest's page tables is for one reason: for most Guests this
- * page table dance determines how bad performance will be. This is why Xen
- * uses exotic direct Guest pagetable manipulation, and why both Intel and AMD
- * have implemented shadow page table support directly into hardware.
- *
- * There is just one file remaining in the Host.
- */
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/segments.c b/drivers/lguest/segments.c
deleted file mode 100644
index c4fb424dfddb..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/segments.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,228 +0,0 @@
-/*P:600
- * The x86 architecture has segments, which involve a table of descriptors
- * which can be used to do funky things with virtual address interpretation.
- * We originally used to use segments so the Guest couldn't alter the
- * Guest<->Host Switcher, and then we had to trim Guest segments, and restore
- * for userspace per-thread segments, but trim again for on userspace->kernel
- * transitions... This nightmarish creation was contained within this file,
- * where we knew not to tread without heavy armament and a change of underwear.
- *
- * In these modern times, the segment handling code consists of simple sanity
- * checks, and the worst you'll experience reading this code is butterfly-rash
- * from frolicking through its parklike serenity.
-:*/
-#include "lg.h"
-
-/*H:600
- * Segments & The Global Descriptor Table
- *
- * (That title sounds like a bad Nerdcore group. Not to suggest that there are
- * any good Nerdcore groups, but in high school a friend of mine had a band
- * called Joe Fish and the Chips, so there are definitely worse band names).
- *
- * To refresh: the GDT is a table of 8-byte values describing segments. Once
- * set up, these segments can be loaded into one of the 6 "segment registers".
- *
- * GDT entries are passed around as "struct desc_struct"s, which like IDT
- * entries are split into two 32-bit members, "a" and "b". One day, someone
- * will clean that up, and be declared a Hero. (No pressure, I'm just saying).
- *
- * Anyway, the GDT entry contains a base (the start address of the segment), a
- * limit (the size of the segment - 1), and some flags. Sounds simple, and it
- * would be, except those zany Intel engineers decided that it was too boring
- * to put the base at one end, the limit at the other, and the flags in
- * between. They decided to shotgun the bits at random throughout the 8 bytes,
- * like so:
- *
- * 0 16 40 48 52 56 63
- * [ limit part 1 ][ base part 1 ][ flags ][li][fl][base ]
- * mit ags part 2
- * part 2
- *
- * As a result, this file contains a certain amount of magic numeracy. Let's
- * begin.
- */
-
-/*
- * There are several entries we don't let the Guest set. The TSS entry is the
- * "Task State Segment" which controls all kinds of delicate things. The
- * LGUEST_CS and LGUEST_DS entries are reserved for the Switcher, and the
- * the Guest can't be trusted to deal with double faults.
- */
-static bool ignored_gdt(unsigned int num)
-{
- return (num == GDT_ENTRY_TSS
- || num == GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_CS
- || num == GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_DS
- || num == GDT_ENTRY_DOUBLEFAULT_TSS);
-}
-
-/*H:630
- * Once the Guest gave us new GDT entries, we fix them up a little. We
- * don't care if they're invalid: the worst that can happen is a General
- * Protection Fault in the Switcher when it restores a Guest segment register
- * which tries to use that entry. Then we kill the Guest for causing such a
- * mess: the message will be "unhandled trap 256".
- */
-static void fixup_gdt_table(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned start, unsigned end)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = start; i < end; i++) {
- /*
- * We never copy these ones to real GDT, so we don't care what
- * they say
- */
- if (ignored_gdt(i))
- continue;
-
- /*
- * Segment descriptors contain a privilege level: the Guest is
- * sometimes careless and leaves this as 0, even though it's
- * running at privilege level 1. If so, we fix it here.
- */
- if (cpu->arch.gdt[i].dpl == 0)
- cpu->arch.gdt[i].dpl |= GUEST_PL;
-
- /*
- * Each descriptor has an "accessed" bit. If we don't set it
- * now, the CPU will try to set it when the Guest first loads
- * that entry into a segment register. But the GDT isn't
- * writable by the Guest, so bad things can happen.
- */
- cpu->arch.gdt[i].type |= 0x1;
- }
-}
-
-/*H:610
- * Like the IDT, we never simply use the GDT the Guest gives us. We keep
- * a GDT for each CPU, and copy across the Guest's entries each time we want to
- * run the Guest on that CPU.
- *
- * This routine is called at boot or modprobe time for each CPU to set up the
- * constant GDT entries: the ones which are the same no matter what Guest we're
- * running.
- */
-void setup_default_gdt_entries(struct lguest_ro_state *state)
-{
- struct desc_struct *gdt = state->guest_gdt;
- unsigned long tss = (unsigned long)&state->guest_tss;
-
- /* The Switcher segments are full 0-4G segments, privilege level 0 */
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_CS] = FULL_EXEC_SEGMENT;
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_DS] = FULL_SEGMENT;
-
- /*
- * The TSS segment refers to the TSS entry for this particular CPU.
- */
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].a = 0;
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].b = 0;
-
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].limit0 = 0x67;
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].base0 = tss & 0xFFFF;
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].base1 = (tss >> 16) & 0xFF;
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].base2 = tss >> 24;
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].type = 0x9; /* 32-bit TSS (available) */
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].p = 0x1; /* Entry is present */
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].dpl = 0x0; /* Privilege level 0 */
- gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TSS].s = 0x0; /* system segment */
-
-}
-
-/*
- * This routine sets up the initial Guest GDT for booting. All entries start
- * as 0 (unusable).
- */
-void setup_guest_gdt(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- /*
- * Start with full 0-4G segments...except the Guest is allowed to use
- * them, so set the privilege level appropriately in the flags.
- */
- cpu->arch.gdt[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS] = FULL_EXEC_SEGMENT;
- cpu->arch.gdt[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS] = FULL_SEGMENT;
- cpu->arch.gdt[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_CS].dpl |= GUEST_PL;
- cpu->arch.gdt[GDT_ENTRY_KERNEL_DS].dpl |= GUEST_PL;
-}
-
-/*H:650
- * An optimization of copy_gdt(), for just the three "thead-local storage"
- * entries.
- */
-void copy_gdt_tls(const struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct desc_struct *gdt)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN; i <= GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MAX; i++)
- gdt[i] = cpu->arch.gdt[i];
-}
-
-/*H:640
- * When the Guest is run on a different CPU, or the GDT entries have changed,
- * copy_gdt() is called to copy the Guest's GDT entries across to this CPU's
- * GDT.
- */
-void copy_gdt(const struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct desc_struct *gdt)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- /*
- * The default entries from setup_default_gdt_entries() are not
- * replaced. See ignored_gdt() above.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < GDT_ENTRIES; i++)
- if (!ignored_gdt(i))
- gdt[i] = cpu->arch.gdt[i];
-}
-
-/*H:620
- * This is where the Guest asks us to load a new GDT entry
- * (LHCALL_LOAD_GDT_ENTRY). We tweak the entry and copy it in.
- */
-void load_guest_gdt_entry(struct lg_cpu *cpu, u32 num, u32 lo, u32 hi)
-{
- /*
- * We assume the Guest has the same number of GDT entries as the
- * Host, otherwise we'd have to dynamically allocate the Guest GDT.
- */
- if (num >= ARRAY_SIZE(cpu->arch.gdt)) {
- kill_guest(cpu, "too many gdt entries %i", num);
- return;
- }
-
- /* Set it up, then fix it. */
- cpu->arch.gdt[num].a = lo;
- cpu->arch.gdt[num].b = hi;
- fixup_gdt_table(cpu, num, num+1);
- /*
- * Mark that the GDT changed so the core knows it has to copy it again,
- * even if the Guest is run on the same CPU.
- */
- cpu->changed |= CHANGED_GDT;
-}
-
-/*
- * This is the fast-track version for just changing the three TLS entries.
- * Remember that this happens on every context switch, so it's worth
- * optimizing. But wouldn't it be neater to have a single hypercall to cover
- * both cases?
- */
-void guest_load_tls(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long gtls)
-{
- struct desc_struct *tls = &cpu->arch.gdt[GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN];
-
- __lgread(cpu, tls, gtls, sizeof(*tls)*GDT_ENTRY_TLS_ENTRIES);
- fixup_gdt_table(cpu, GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MIN, GDT_ENTRY_TLS_MAX+1);
- /* Note that just the TLS entries have changed. */
- cpu->changed |= CHANGED_GDT_TLS;
-}
-
-/*H:660
- * With this, we have finished the Host.
- *
- * Five of the seven parts of our task are complete. You have made it through
- * the Bit of Despair (I think that's somewhere in the page table code,
- * myself).
- *
- * Next, we examine "make Switcher". It's short, but intense.
- */
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/x86/core.c b/drivers/lguest/x86/core.c
deleted file mode 100644
index b4f79b923aea..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/x86/core.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,724 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Copyright (C) 2006, Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> IBM Corporation.
- * Copyright (C) 2007, Jes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com> SGI.
- *
- * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
- * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
- * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
- * (at your option) any later version.
- *
- * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
- * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
- * MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, GOOD TITLE or
- * NON INFRINGEMENT. See the GNU General Public License for more
- * details.
- *
- * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
- * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
- * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
- */
-/*P:450
- * This file contains the x86-specific lguest code. It used to be all
- * mixed in with drivers/lguest/core.c but several foolhardy code slashers
- * wrestled most of the dependencies out to here in preparation for porting
- * lguest to other architectures (see what I mean by foolhardy?).
- *
- * This also contains a couple of non-obvious setup and teardown pieces which
- * were implemented after days of debugging pain.
-:*/
-#include <linux/kernel.h>
-#include <linux/start_kernel.h>
-#include <linux/string.h>
-#include <linux/console.h>
-#include <linux/screen_info.h>
-#include <linux/irq.h>
-#include <linux/interrupt.h>
-#include <linux/clocksource.h>
-#include <linux/clockchips.h>
-#include <linux/cpu.h>
-#include <linux/lguest.h>
-#include <linux/lguest_launcher.h>
-#include <asm/paravirt.h>
-#include <asm/param.h>
-#include <asm/page.h>
-#include <asm/pgtable.h>
-#include <asm/desc.h>
-#include <asm/setup.h>
-#include <asm/lguest.h>
-#include <linux/uaccess.h>
-#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
-#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
-#include "../lg.h"
-
-static int cpu_had_pge;
-
-static struct {
- unsigned long offset;
- unsigned short segment;
-} lguest_entry;
-
-/* Offset from where switcher.S was compiled to where we've copied it */
-static unsigned long switcher_offset(void)
-{
- return switcher_addr - (unsigned long)start_switcher_text;
-}
-
-/* This cpu's struct lguest_pages (after the Switcher text page) */
-static struct lguest_pages *lguest_pages(unsigned int cpu)
-{
- return &(((struct lguest_pages *)(switcher_addr + PAGE_SIZE))[cpu]);
-}
-
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct lg_cpu *, lg_last_cpu);
-
-/*S:010
- * We approach the Switcher.
- *
- * Remember that each CPU has two pages which are visible to the Guest when it
- * runs on that CPU. This has to contain the state for that Guest: we copy the
- * state in just before we run the Guest.
- *
- * Each Guest has "changed" flags which indicate what has changed in the Guest
- * since it last ran. We saw this set in interrupts_and_traps.c and
- * segments.c.
- */
-static void copy_in_guest_info(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct lguest_pages *pages)
-{
- /*
- * Copying all this data can be quite expensive. We usually run the
- * same Guest we ran last time (and that Guest hasn't run anywhere else
- * meanwhile). If that's not the case, we pretend everything in the
- * Guest has changed.
- */
- if (__this_cpu_read(lg_last_cpu) != cpu || cpu->last_pages != pages) {
- __this_cpu_write(lg_last_cpu, cpu);
- cpu->last_pages = pages;
- cpu->changed = CHANGED_ALL;
- }
-
- /*
- * These copies are pretty cheap, so we do them unconditionally: */
- /* Save the current Host top-level page directory.
- */
- pages->state.host_cr3 = __pa(current->mm->pgd);
- /*
- * Set up the Guest's page tables to see this CPU's pages (and no
- * other CPU's pages).
- */
- map_switcher_in_guest(cpu, pages);
- /*
- * Set up the two "TSS" members which tell the CPU what stack to use
- * for traps which do directly into the Guest (ie. traps at privilege
- * level 1).
- */
- pages->state.guest_tss.sp1 = cpu->esp1;
- pages->state.guest_tss.ss1 = cpu->ss1;
-
- /* Copy direct-to-Guest trap entries. */
- if (cpu->changed & CHANGED_IDT)
- copy_traps(cpu, pages->state.guest_idt, default_idt_entries);
-
- /* Copy all GDT entries which the Guest can change. */
- if (cpu->changed & CHANGED_GDT)
- copy_gdt(cpu, pages->state.guest_gdt);
- /* If only the TLS entries have changed, copy them. */
- else if (cpu->changed & CHANGED_GDT_TLS)
- copy_gdt_tls(cpu, pages->state.guest_gdt);
-
- /* Mark the Guest as unchanged for next time. */
- cpu->changed = 0;
-}
-
-/* Finally: the code to actually call into the Switcher to run the Guest. */
-static void run_guest_once(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct lguest_pages *pages)
-{
- /* This is a dummy value we need for GCC's sake. */
- unsigned int clobber;
-
- /*
- * Copy the guest-specific information into this CPU's "struct
- * lguest_pages".
- */
- copy_in_guest_info(cpu, pages);
-
- /*
- * Set the trap number to 256 (impossible value). If we fault while
- * switching to the Guest (bad segment registers or bug), this will
- * cause us to abort the Guest.
- */
- cpu->regs->trapnum = 256;
-
- /*
- * Now: we push the "eflags" register on the stack, then do an "lcall".
- * This is how we change from using the kernel code segment to using
- * the dedicated lguest code segment, as well as jumping into the
- * Switcher.
- *
- * The lcall also pushes the old code segment (KERNEL_CS) onto the
- * stack, then the address of this call. This stack layout happens to
- * exactly match the stack layout created by an interrupt...
- */
- asm volatile("pushf; lcall *%4"
- /*
- * This is how we tell GCC that %eax ("a") and %ebx ("b")
- * are changed by this routine. The "=" means output.
- */
- : "=a"(clobber), "=b"(clobber)
- /*
- * %eax contains the pages pointer. ("0" refers to the
- * 0-th argument above, ie "a"). %ebx contains the
- * physical address of the Guest's top-level page
- * directory.
- */
- : "0"(pages),
- "1"(__pa(cpu->lg->pgdirs[cpu->cpu_pgd].pgdir)),
- "m"(lguest_entry)
- /*
- * We tell gcc that all these registers could change,
- * which means we don't have to save and restore them in
- * the Switcher.
- */
- : "memory", "%edx", "%ecx", "%edi", "%esi");
-}
-/*:*/
-
-unsigned long *lguest_arch_regptr(struct lg_cpu *cpu, size_t reg_off, bool any)
-{
- switch (reg_off) {
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, bx):
- return &cpu->regs->ebx;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, cx):
- return &cpu->regs->ecx;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, dx):
- return &cpu->regs->edx;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, si):
- return &cpu->regs->esi;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, di):
- return &cpu->regs->edi;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, bp):
- return &cpu->regs->ebp;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, ax):
- return &cpu->regs->eax;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, ip):
- return &cpu->regs->eip;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, sp):
- return &cpu->regs->esp;
- }
-
- /* Launcher can read these, but we don't allow any setting. */
- if (any) {
- switch (reg_off) {
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, ds):
- return &cpu->regs->ds;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, es):
- return &cpu->regs->es;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, fs):
- return &cpu->regs->fs;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, gs):
- return &cpu->regs->gs;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, cs):
- return &cpu->regs->cs;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, flags):
- return &cpu->regs->eflags;
- case offsetof(struct pt_regs, ss):
- return &cpu->regs->ss;
- }
- }
-
- return NULL;
-}
-
-/*M:002
- * There are hooks in the scheduler which we can register to tell when we
- * get kicked off the CPU (preempt_notifier_register()). This would allow us
- * to lazily disable SYSENTER which would regain some performance, and should
- * also simplify copy_in_guest_info(). Note that we'd still need to restore
- * things when we exit to Launcher userspace, but that's fairly easy.
- *
- * We could also try using these hooks for PGE, but that might be too expensive.
- *
- * The hooks were designed for KVM, but we can also put them to good use.
-:*/
-
-/*H:040
- * This is the i386-specific code to setup and run the Guest. Interrupts
- * are disabled: we own the CPU.
- */
-void lguest_arch_run_guest(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- /*
- * SYSENTER is an optimized way of doing system calls. We can't allow
- * it because it always jumps to privilege level 0. A normal Guest
- * won't try it because we don't advertise it in CPUID, but a malicious
- * Guest (or malicious Guest userspace program) could, so we tell the
- * CPU to disable it before running the Guest.
- */
- if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEP))
- wrmsr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, 0, 0);
-
- /*
- * Now we actually run the Guest. It will return when something
- * interesting happens, and we can examine its registers to see what it
- * was doing.
- */
- run_guest_once(cpu, lguest_pages(raw_smp_processor_id()));
-
- /*
- * Note that the "regs" structure contains two extra entries which are
- * not really registers: a trap number which says what interrupt or
- * trap made the switcher code come back, and an error code which some
- * traps set.
- */
-
- /* Restore SYSENTER if it's supposed to be on. */
- if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_SEP))
- wrmsr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, __KERNEL_CS, 0);
-
- /*
- * If the Guest page faulted, then the cr2 register will tell us the
- * bad virtual address. We have to grab this now, because once we
- * re-enable interrupts an interrupt could fault and thus overwrite
- * cr2, or we could even move off to a different CPU.
- */
- if (cpu->regs->trapnum == 14)
- cpu->arch.last_pagefault = read_cr2();
- /*
- * Similarly, if we took a trap because the Guest used the FPU,
- * we have to restore the FPU it expects to see.
- * fpu__restore() may sleep and we may even move off to
- * a different CPU. So all the critical stuff should be done
- * before this.
- */
- else if (cpu->regs->trapnum == 7 && !fpregs_active())
- fpu__restore(&current->thread.fpu);
-}
-
-/*H:130
- * Now we've examined the hypercall code; our Guest can make requests.
- * Our Guest is usually so well behaved; it never tries to do things it isn't
- * allowed to, and uses hypercalls instead. Unfortunately, Linux's paravirtual
- * infrastructure isn't quite complete, because it doesn't contain replacements
- * for the Intel I/O instructions. As a result, the Guest sometimes fumbles
- * across one during the boot process as it probes for various things which are
- * usually attached to a PC.
- *
- * When the Guest uses one of these instructions, we get a trap (General
- * Protection Fault) and come here. We queue this to be sent out to the
- * Launcher to handle.
- */
-
-/*
- * The eip contains the *virtual* address of the Guest's instruction:
- * we copy the instruction here so the Launcher doesn't have to walk
- * the page tables to decode it. We handle the case (eg. in a kernel
- * module) where the instruction is over two pages, and the pages are
- * virtually but not physically contiguous.
- *
- * The longest possible x86 instruction is 15 bytes, but we don't handle
- * anything that strange.
- */
-static void copy_from_guest(struct lg_cpu *cpu,
- void *dst, unsigned long vaddr, size_t len)
-{
- size_t to_page_end = PAGE_SIZE - (vaddr % PAGE_SIZE);
- unsigned long paddr;
-
- BUG_ON(len > PAGE_SIZE);
-
- /* If it goes over a page, copy in two parts. */
- if (len > to_page_end) {
- /* But make sure the next page is mapped! */
- if (__guest_pa(cpu, vaddr + to_page_end, &paddr))
- copy_from_guest(cpu, dst + to_page_end,
- vaddr + to_page_end,
- len - to_page_end);
- else
- /* Otherwise fill with zeroes. */
- memset(dst + to_page_end, 0, len - to_page_end);
- len = to_page_end;
- }
-
- /* This will kill the guest if it isn't mapped, but that
- * shouldn't happen. */
- __lgread(cpu, dst, guest_pa(cpu, vaddr), len);
-}
-
-
-static void setup_emulate_insn(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- cpu->pending.trap = 13;
- copy_from_guest(cpu, cpu->pending.insn, cpu->regs->eip,
- sizeof(cpu->pending.insn));
-}
-
-static void setup_iomem_insn(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long iomem_addr)
-{
- cpu->pending.trap = 14;
- cpu->pending.addr = iomem_addr;
- copy_from_guest(cpu, cpu->pending.insn, cpu->regs->eip,
- sizeof(cpu->pending.insn));
-}
-
-/*H:050 Once we've re-enabled interrupts, we look at why the Guest exited. */
-void lguest_arch_handle_trap(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- unsigned long iomem_addr;
-
- switch (cpu->regs->trapnum) {
- case 13: /* We've intercepted a General Protection Fault. */
- /* Hand to Launcher to emulate those pesky IN and OUT insns */
- if (cpu->regs->errcode == 0) {
- setup_emulate_insn(cpu);
- return;
- }
- break;
- case 14: /* We've intercepted a Page Fault. */
- /*
- * The Guest accessed a virtual address that wasn't mapped.
- * This happens a lot: we don't actually set up most of the page
- * tables for the Guest at all when we start: as it runs it asks
- * for more and more, and we set them up as required. In this
- * case, we don't even tell the Guest that the fault happened.
- *
- * The errcode tells whether this was a read or a write, and
- * whether kernel or userspace code.
- */
- if (demand_page(cpu, cpu->arch.last_pagefault,
- cpu->regs->errcode, &iomem_addr))
- return;
-
- /* Was this an access to memory mapped IO? */
- if (iomem_addr) {
- /* Tell Launcher, let it handle it. */
- setup_iomem_insn(cpu, iomem_addr);
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * OK, it's really not there (or not OK): the Guest needs to
- * know. We write out the cr2 value so it knows where the
- * fault occurred.
- *
- * Note that if the Guest were really messed up, this could
- * happen before it's done the LHCALL_LGUEST_INIT hypercall, so
- * lg->lguest_data could be NULL
- */
- if (cpu->lg->lguest_data &&
- put_user(cpu->arch.last_pagefault,
- &cpu->lg->lguest_data->cr2))
- kill_guest(cpu, "Writing cr2");
- break;
- case 7: /* We've intercepted a Device Not Available fault. */
- /* No special handling is needed here. */
- break;
- case 32 ... 255:
- /* This might be a syscall. */
- if (could_be_syscall(cpu->regs->trapnum))
- break;
-
- /*
- * Other values mean a real interrupt occurred, in which case
- * the Host handler has already been run. We just do a
- * friendly check if another process should now be run, then
- * return to run the Guest again.
- */
- cond_resched();
- return;
- case LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY:
- /*
- * Our 'struct hcall_args' maps directly over our regs: we set
- * up the pointer now to indicate a hypercall is pending.
- */
- cpu->hcall = (struct hcall_args *)cpu->regs;
- return;
- }
-
- /* We didn't handle the trap, so it needs to go to the Guest. */
- if (!deliver_trap(cpu, cpu->regs->trapnum))
- /*
- * If the Guest doesn't have a handler (either it hasn't
- * registered any yet, or it's one of the faults we don't let
- * it handle), it dies with this cryptic error message.
- */
- kill_guest(cpu, "unhandled trap %li at %#lx (%#lx)",
- cpu->regs->trapnum, cpu->regs->eip,
- cpu->regs->trapnum == 14 ? cpu->arch.last_pagefault
- : cpu->regs->errcode);
-}
-
-/*
- * Now we can look at each of the routines this calls, in increasing order of
- * complexity: do_hypercalls(), emulate_insn(), maybe_do_interrupt(),
- * deliver_trap() and demand_page(). After all those, we'll be ready to
- * examine the Switcher, and our philosophical understanding of the Host/Guest
- * duality will be complete.
-:*/
-static void adjust_pge(void *on)
-{
- if (on)
- cr4_set_bits(X86_CR4_PGE);
- else
- cr4_clear_bits(X86_CR4_PGE);
-}
-
-/*H:020
- * Now the Switcher is mapped and every thing else is ready, we need to do
- * some more i386-specific initialization.
- */
-void __init lguest_arch_host_init(void)
-{
- int i;
-
- /*
- * Most of the x86/switcher_32.S doesn't care that it's been moved; on
- * Intel, jumps are relative, and it doesn't access any references to
- * external code or data.
- *
- * The only exception is the interrupt handlers in switcher.S: their
- * addresses are placed in a table (default_idt_entries), so we need to
- * update the table with the new addresses. switcher_offset() is a
- * convenience function which returns the distance between the
- * compiled-in switcher code and the high-mapped copy we just made.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < IDT_ENTRIES; i++)
- default_idt_entries[i] += switcher_offset();
-
- /*
- * Set up the Switcher's per-cpu areas.
- *
- * Each CPU gets two pages of its own within the high-mapped region
- * (aka. "struct lguest_pages"). Much of this can be initialized now,
- * but some depends on what Guest we are running (which is set up in
- * copy_in_guest_info()).
- */
- for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
- /* lguest_pages() returns this CPU's two pages. */
- struct lguest_pages *pages = lguest_pages(i);
- /* This is a convenience pointer to make the code neater. */
- struct lguest_ro_state *state = &pages->state;
-
- /*
- * The Global Descriptor Table: the Host has a different one
- * for each CPU. We keep a descriptor for the GDT which says
- * where it is and how big it is (the size is actually the last
- * byte, not the size, hence the "-1").
- */
- state->host_gdt_desc.size = GDT_SIZE-1;
- state->host_gdt_desc.address = (long)get_cpu_gdt_rw(i);
-
- /*
- * All CPUs on the Host use the same Interrupt Descriptor
- * Table, so we just use store_idt(), which gets this CPU's IDT
- * descriptor.
- */
- store_idt(&state->host_idt_desc);
-
- /*
- * The descriptors for the Guest's GDT and IDT can be filled
- * out now, too. We copy the GDT & IDT into ->guest_gdt and
- * ->guest_idt before actually running the Guest.
- */
- state->guest_idt_desc.size = sizeof(state->guest_idt)-1;
- state->guest_idt_desc.address = (long)&state->guest_idt;
- state->guest_gdt_desc.size = sizeof(state->guest_gdt)-1;
- state->guest_gdt_desc.address = (long)&state->guest_gdt;
-
- /*
- * We know where we want the stack to be when the Guest enters
- * the Switcher: in pages->regs. The stack grows upwards, so
- * we start it at the end of that structure.
- */
- state->guest_tss.sp0 = (long)(&pages->regs + 1);
- /*
- * And this is the GDT entry to use for the stack: we keep a
- * couple of special LGUEST entries.
- */
- state->guest_tss.ss0 = LGUEST_DS;
-
- /*
- * x86 can have a finegrained bitmap which indicates what I/O
- * ports the process can use. We set it to the end of our
- * structure, meaning "none".
- */
- state->guest_tss.io_bitmap_base = sizeof(state->guest_tss);
-
- /*
- * Some GDT entries are the same across all Guests, so we can
- * set them up now.
- */
- setup_default_gdt_entries(state);
- /* Most IDT entries are the same for all Guests, too.*/
- setup_default_idt_entries(state, default_idt_entries);
-
- /*
- * The Host needs to be able to use the LGUEST segments on this
- * CPU, too, so put them in the Host GDT.
- */
- get_cpu_gdt_rw(i)[GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_CS] = FULL_EXEC_SEGMENT;
- get_cpu_gdt_rw(i)[GDT_ENTRY_LGUEST_DS] = FULL_SEGMENT;
- }
-
- /*
- * In the Switcher, we want the %cs segment register to use the
- * LGUEST_CS GDT entry: we've put that in the Host and Guest GDTs, so
- * it will be undisturbed when we switch. To change %cs and jump we
- * need this structure to feed to Intel's "lcall" instruction.
- */
- lguest_entry.offset = (long)switch_to_guest + switcher_offset();
- lguest_entry.segment = LGUEST_CS;
-
- /*
- * Finally, we need to turn off "Page Global Enable". PGE is an
- * optimization where page table entries are specially marked to show
- * they never change. The Host kernel marks all the kernel pages this
- * way because it's always present, even when userspace is running.
- *
- * Lguest breaks this: unbeknownst to the rest of the Host kernel, we
- * switch to the Guest kernel. If you don't disable this on all CPUs,
- * you'll get really weird bugs that you'll chase for two days.
- *
- * I used to turn PGE off every time we switched to the Guest and back
- * on when we return, but that slowed the Switcher down noticibly.
- */
-
- /*
- * We don't need the complexity of CPUs coming and going while we're
- * doing this.
- */
- get_online_cpus();
- if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE)) { /* We have a broader idea of "global". */
- /* Remember that this was originally set (for cleanup). */
- cpu_had_pge = 1;
- /*
- * adjust_pge is a helper function which sets or unsets the PGE
- * bit on its CPU, depending on the argument (0 == unset).
- */
- on_each_cpu(adjust_pge, (void *)0, 1);
- /* Turn off the feature in the global feature set. */
- clear_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_PGE);
- }
- put_online_cpus();
-}
-/*:*/
-
-void __exit lguest_arch_host_fini(void)
-{
- /* If we had PGE before we started, turn it back on now. */
- get_online_cpus();
- if (cpu_had_pge) {
- set_cpu_cap(&boot_cpu_data, X86_FEATURE_PGE);
- /* adjust_pge's argument "1" means set PGE. */
- on_each_cpu(adjust_pge, (void *)1, 1);
- }
- put_online_cpus();
-}
-
-
-/*H:122 The i386-specific hypercalls simply farm out to the right functions. */
-int lguest_arch_do_hcall(struct lg_cpu *cpu, struct hcall_args *args)
-{
- switch (args->arg0) {
- case LHCALL_LOAD_GDT_ENTRY:
- load_guest_gdt_entry(cpu, args->arg1, args->arg2, args->arg3);
- break;
- case LHCALL_LOAD_IDT_ENTRY:
- load_guest_idt_entry(cpu, args->arg1, args->arg2, args->arg3);
- break;
- case LHCALL_LOAD_TLS:
- guest_load_tls(cpu, args->arg1);
- break;
- default:
- /* Bad Guest. Bad! */
- return -EIO;
- }
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*H:126 i386-specific hypercall initialization: */
-int lguest_arch_init_hypercalls(struct lg_cpu *cpu)
-{
- u32 tsc_speed;
-
- /*
- * The pointer to the Guest's "struct lguest_data" is the only argument.
- * We check that address now.
- */
- if (!lguest_address_ok(cpu->lg, cpu->hcall->arg1,
- sizeof(*cpu->lg->lguest_data)))
- return -EFAULT;
-
- /*
- * Having checked it, we simply set lg->lguest_data to point straight
- * into the Launcher's memory at the right place and then use
- * copy_to_user/from_user from now on, instead of lgread/write. I put
- * this in to show that I'm not immune to writing stupid
- * optimizations.
- */
- cpu->lg->lguest_data = cpu->lg->mem_base + cpu->hcall->arg1;
-
- /*
- * We insist that the Time Stamp Counter exist and doesn't change with
- * cpu frequency. Some devious chip manufacturers decided that TSC
- * changes could be handled in software. I decided that time going
- * backwards might be good for benchmarks, but it's bad for users.
- *
- * We also insist that the TSC be stable: the kernel detects unreliable
- * TSCs for its own purposes, and we use that here.
- */
- if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CONSTANT_TSC) && !check_tsc_unstable())
- tsc_speed = tsc_khz;
- else
- tsc_speed = 0;
- if (put_user(tsc_speed, &cpu->lg->lguest_data->tsc_khz))
- return -EFAULT;
-
- /* The interrupt code might not like the system call vector. */
- if (!check_syscall_vector(cpu->lg))
- kill_guest(cpu, "bad syscall vector");
-
- return 0;
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*L:030
- * Most of the Guest's registers are left alone: we used get_zeroed_page() to
- * allocate the structure, so they will be 0.
- */
-void lguest_arch_setup_regs(struct lg_cpu *cpu, unsigned long start)
-{
- struct lguest_regs *regs = cpu->regs;
-
- /*
- * There are four "segment" registers which the Guest needs to boot:
- * The "code segment" register (cs) refers to the kernel code segment
- * __KERNEL_CS, and the "data", "extra" and "stack" segment registers
- * refer to the kernel data segment __KERNEL_DS.
- *
- * The privilege level is packed into the lower bits. The Guest runs
- * at privilege level 1 (GUEST_PL).
- */
- regs->ds = regs->es = regs->ss = __KERNEL_DS|GUEST_PL;
- regs->cs = __KERNEL_CS|GUEST_PL;
-
- /*
- * The "eflags" register contains miscellaneous flags. Bit 1 (0x002)
- * is supposed to always be "1". Bit 9 (0x200) controls whether
- * interrupts are enabled. We always leave interrupts enabled while
- * running the Guest.
- */
- regs->eflags = X86_EFLAGS_IF | X86_EFLAGS_FIXED;
-
- /*
- * The "Extended Instruction Pointer" register says where the Guest is
- * running.
- */
- regs->eip = start;
-
- /*
- * %esi points to our boot information, at physical address 0, so don't
- * touch it.
- */
-
- /* There are a couple of GDT entries the Guest expects at boot. */
- setup_guest_gdt(cpu);
-}
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/x86/switcher_32.S b/drivers/lguest/x86/switcher_32.S
deleted file mode 100644
index 40634b0db9f7..000000000000
--- a/drivers/lguest/x86/switcher_32.S
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,388 +0,0 @@
-/*P:900
- * This is the Switcher: code which sits at 0xFFC00000 (or 0xFFE00000) astride
- * both the Host and Guest to do the low-level Guest<->Host switch. It is as
- * simple as it can be made, but it's naturally very specific to x86.
- *
- * You have now completed Preparation. If this has whet your appetite; if you
- * are feeling invigorated and refreshed then the next, more challenging stage
- * can be found in "make Guest".
- :*/
-
-/*M:012
- * Lguest is meant to be simple: my rule of thumb is that 1% more LOC must
- * gain at least 1% more performance. Since neither LOC nor performance can be
- * measured beforehand, it generally means implementing a feature then deciding
- * if it's worth it. And once it's implemented, who can say no?
- *
- * This is why I haven't implemented this idea myself. I want to, but I
- * haven't. You could, though.
- *
- * The main place where lguest performance sucks is Guest page faulting. When
- * a Guest userspace process hits an unmapped page we switch back to the Host,
- * walk the page tables, find it's not mapped, switch back to the Guest page
- * fault handler, which calls a hypercall to set the page table entry, then
- * finally returns to userspace. That's two round-trips.
- *
- * If we had a small walker in the Switcher, we could quickly check the Guest
- * page table and if the page isn't mapped, immediately reflect the fault back
- * into the Guest. This means the Switcher would have to know the top of the
- * Guest page table and the page fault handler address.
- *
- * For simplicity, the Guest should only handle the case where the privilege
- * level of the fault is 3 and probably only not present or write faults. It
- * should also detect recursive faults, and hand the original fault to the
- * Host (which is actually really easy).
- *
- * Two questions remain. Would the performance gain outweigh the complexity?
- * And who would write the verse documenting it?
-:*/
-
-/*M:011
- * Lguest64 handles NMI. This gave me NMI envy (until I looked at their
- * code). It's worth doing though, since it would let us use oprofile in the
- * Host when a Guest is running.
-:*/
-
-/*S:100
- * Welcome to the Switcher itself!
- *
- * This file contains the low-level code which changes the CPU to run the Guest
- * code, and returns to the Host when something happens. Understand this, and
- * you understand the heart of our journey.
- *
- * Because this is in assembler rather than C, our tale switches from prose to
- * verse. First I tried limericks:
- *
- * There once was an eax reg,
- * To which our pointer was fed,
- * It needed an add,
- * Which asm-offsets.h had
- * But this limerick is hurting my head.
- *
- * Next I tried haikus, but fitting the required reference to the seasons in
- * every stanza was quickly becoming tiresome:
- *
- * The %eax reg
- * Holds "struct lguest_pages" now:
- * Cherry blossoms fall.
- *
- * Then I started with Heroic Verse, but the rhyming requirement leeched away
- * the content density and led to some uniquely awful oblique rhymes:
- *
- * These constants are coming from struct offsets
- * For use within the asm switcher text.
- *
- * Finally, I settled for something between heroic hexameter, and normal prose
- * with inappropriate linebreaks. Anyway, it aint no Shakespeare.
- */
-
-// Not all kernel headers work from assembler
-// But these ones are needed: the ENTRY() define
-// And constants extracted from struct offsets
-// To avoid magic numbers and breakage:
-// Should they change the compiler can't save us
-// Down here in the depths of assembler code.
-#include <linux/linkage.h>
-#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
-#include <asm/page.h>
-#include <asm/segment.h>
-#include <asm/lguest.h>
-
-// We mark the start of the code to copy
-// It's placed in .text tho it's never run here
-// You'll see the trick macro at the end
-// Which interleaves data and text to effect.
-.text
-ENTRY(start_switcher_text)
-
-// When we reach switch_to_guest we have just left
-// The safe and comforting shores of C code
-// %eax has the "struct lguest_pages" to use
-// Where we save state and still see it from the Guest
-// And %ebx holds the Guest shadow pagetable:
-// Once set we have truly left Host behind.
-ENTRY(switch_to_guest)
- // We told gcc all its regs could fade,
- // Clobbered by our journey into the Guest
- // We could have saved them, if we tried
- // But time is our master and cycles count.
-
- // Segment registers must be saved for the Host
- // We push them on the Host stack for later
- pushl %es
- pushl %ds
- pushl %gs
- pushl %fs
- // But the compiler is fickle, and heeds
- // No warning of %ebp clobbers
- // When frame pointers are used. That register
- // Must be saved and restored or chaos strikes.
- pushl %ebp
- // The Host's stack is done, now save it away
- // In our "struct lguest_pages" at offset
- // Distilled into asm-offsets.h
- movl %esp, LGUEST_PAGES_host_sp(%eax)
-
- // All saved and there's now five steps before us:
- // Stack, GDT, IDT, TSS
- // Then last of all the page tables are flipped.
-
- // Yet beware that our stack pointer must be
- // Always valid lest an NMI hits
- // %edx does the duty here as we juggle
- // %eax is lguest_pages: our stack lies within.
- movl %eax, %edx
- addl $LGUEST_PAGES_regs, %edx
- movl %edx, %esp
-
- // The Guest's GDT we so carefully
- // Placed in the "struct lguest_pages" before
- lgdt LGUEST_PAGES_guest_gdt_desc(%eax)
-
- // The Guest's IDT we did partially
- // Copy to "struct lguest_pages" as well.
- lidt LGUEST_PAGES_guest_idt_desc(%eax)
-
- // The TSS entry which controls traps
- // Must be loaded up with "ltr" now:
- // The GDT entry that TSS uses
- // Changes type when we load it: damn Intel!
- // For after we switch over our page tables
- // That entry will be read-only: we'd crash.
- movl $(GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8), %edx
- ltr %dx
-
- // Look back now, before we take this last step!
- // The Host's TSS entry was also marked used;
- // Let's clear it again for our return.
- // The GDT descriptor of the Host
- // Points to the table after two "size" bytes
- movl (LGUEST_PAGES_host_gdt_desc+2)(%eax), %edx
- // Clear "used" from type field (byte 5, bit 2)
- andb $0xFD, (GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8 + 5)(%edx)
-
- // Once our page table's switched, the Guest is live!
- // The Host fades as we run this final step.
- // Our "struct lguest_pages" is now read-only.
- movl %ebx, %cr3
-
- // The page table change did one tricky thing:
- // The Guest's register page has been mapped
- // Writable under our %esp (stack) --
- // We can simply pop off all Guest regs.
- popl %eax
- popl %ebx
- popl %ecx
- popl %edx
- popl %esi
- popl %edi
- popl %ebp
- popl %gs
- popl %fs
- popl %ds
- popl %es
-
- // Near the base of the stack lurk two strange fields
- // Which we fill as we exit the Guest
- // These are the trap number and its error
- // We can simply step past them on our way.
- addl $8, %esp
-
- // The last five stack slots hold return address
- // And everything needed to switch privilege
- // From Switcher's level 0 to Guest's 1,
- // And the stack where the Guest had last left it.
- // Interrupts are turned back on: we are Guest.
- iret
-
-// We tread two paths to switch back to the Host
-// Yet both must save Guest state and restore Host
-// So we put the routine in a macro.
-#define SWITCH_TO_HOST \
- /* We save the Guest state: all registers first \
- * Laid out just as "struct lguest_regs" defines */ \
- pushl %es; \
- pushl %ds; \
- pushl %fs; \
- pushl %gs; \
- pushl %ebp; \
- pushl %edi; \
- pushl %esi; \
- pushl %edx; \
- pushl %ecx; \
- pushl %ebx; \
- pushl %eax; \
- /* Our stack and our code are using segments \
- * Set in the TSS and IDT \
- * Yet if we were to touch data we'd use \
- * Whatever data segment the Guest had. \
- * Load the lguest ds segment for now. */ \
- movl $(LGUEST_DS), %eax; \
- movl %eax, %ds; \
- /* So where are we? Which CPU, which struct? \
- * The stack is our clue: our TSS starts \
- * It at the end of "struct lguest_pages". \
- * Or we may have stumbled while restoring \
- * Our Guest segment regs while in switch_to_guest, \
- * The fault pushed atop that part-unwound stack. \
- * If we round the stack down to the page start \
- * We're at the start of "struct lguest_pages". */ \
- movl %esp, %eax; \
- andl $(~(1 << PAGE_SHIFT - 1)), %eax; \
- /* Save our trap number: the switch will obscure it \
- * (In the Host the Guest regs are not mapped here) \
- * %ebx holds it safe for deliver_to_host */ \
- movl LGUEST_PAGES_regs_trapnum(%eax), %ebx; \
- /* The Host GDT, IDT and stack! \
- * All these lie safely hidden from the Guest: \
- * We must return to the Host page tables \
- * (Hence that was saved in struct lguest_pages) */ \
- movl LGUEST_PAGES_host_cr3(%eax), %edx; \
- movl %edx, %cr3; \
- /* As before, when we looked back at the Host \
- * As we left and marked TSS unused \
- * So must we now for the Guest left behind. */ \
- andb $0xFD, (LGUEST_PAGES_guest_gdt+GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8+5)(%eax); \
- /* Switch to Host's GDT, IDT. */ \
- lgdt LGUEST_PAGES_host_gdt_desc(%eax); \
- lidt LGUEST_PAGES_host_idt_desc(%eax); \
- /* Restore the Host's stack where its saved regs lie */ \
- movl LGUEST_PAGES_host_sp(%eax), %esp; \
- /* Last the TSS: our Host is returned */ \
- movl $(GDT_ENTRY_TSS*8), %edx; \
- ltr %dx; \
- /* Restore now the regs saved right at the first. */ \
- popl %ebp; \
- popl %fs; \
- popl %gs; \
- popl %ds; \
- popl %es
-
-// The first path is trod when the Guest has trapped:
-// (Which trap it was has been pushed on the stack).
-// We need only switch back, and the Host will decode
-// Why we came home, and what needs to be done.
-return_to_host:
- SWITCH_TO_HOST
- iret
-
-// We are lead to the second path like so:
-// An interrupt, with some cause external
-// Has ajerked us rudely from the Guest's code
-// Again we must return home to the Host
-deliver_to_host:
- SWITCH_TO_HOST
- // But now we must go home via that place
- // Where that interrupt was supposed to go
- // Had we not been ensconced, running the Guest.
- // Here we see the trickness of run_guest_once():
- // The Host stack is formed like an interrupt
- // With EIP, CS and EFLAGS layered.
- // Interrupt handlers end with "iret"
- // And that will take us home at long long last.
-
- // But first we must find the handler to call!
- // The IDT descriptor for the Host
- // Has two bytes for size, and four for address:
- // %edx will hold it for us for now.
- movl (LGUEST_PAGES_host_idt_desc+2)(%eax), %edx
- // We now know the table address we need,
- // And saved the trap's number inside %ebx.
- // Yet the pointer to the handler is smeared
- // Across the bits of the table entry.
- // What oracle can tell us how to extract
- // From such a convoluted encoding?
- // I consulted gcc, and it gave
- // These instructions, which I gladly credit:
- leal (%edx,%ebx,8), %eax
- movzwl (%eax),%edx
- movl 4(%eax), %eax
- xorw %ax, %ax
- orl %eax, %edx
- // Now the address of the handler's in %edx
- // We call it now: its "iret" drops us home.
- jmp *%edx
-
-// Every interrupt can come to us here
-// But we must truly tell each apart.
-// They number two hundred and fifty six
-// And each must land in a different spot,
-// Push its number on stack, and join the stream.
-
-// And worse, a mere six of the traps stand apart
-// And push on their stack an addition:
-// An error number, thirty two bits long
-// So we punish the other two fifty
-// And make them push a zero so they match.
-
-// Yet two fifty six entries is long
-// And all will look most the same as the last
-// So we create a macro which can make
-// As many entries as we need to fill.
-
-// Note the change to .data then .text:
-// We plant the address of each entry
-// Into a (data) table for the Host
-// To know where each Guest interrupt should go.
-.macro IRQ_STUB N TARGET
- .data; .long 1f; .text; 1:
- // Trap eight, ten through fourteen and seventeen
- // Supply an error number. Else zero.
- .if (\N <> 8) && (\N < 10 || \N > 14) && (\N <> 17)
- pushl $0
- .endif
- pushl $\N
- jmp \TARGET
- ALIGN
-.endm
-
-// This macro creates numerous entries
-// Using GAS macros which out-power C's.
-.macro IRQ_STUBS FIRST LAST TARGET
- irq=\FIRST
- .rept \LAST-\FIRST+1
- IRQ_STUB irq \TARGET
- irq=irq+1
- .endr
-.endm
-
-// Here's the marker for our pointer table
-// Laid in the data section just before
-// Each macro places the address of code
-// Forming an array: each one points to text
-// Which handles interrupt in its turn.
-.data
-.global default_idt_entries
-default_idt_entries:
-.text
- // The first two traps go straight back to the Host
- IRQ_STUBS 0 1 return_to_host
- // We'll say nothing, yet, about NMI
- IRQ_STUB 2 handle_nmi
- // Other traps also return to the Host
- IRQ_STUBS 3 31 return_to_host
- // All interrupts go via their handlers
- IRQ_STUBS 32 127 deliver_to_host
- // 'Cept system calls coming from userspace
- // Are to go to the Guest, never the Host.
- IRQ_STUB 128 return_to_host
- IRQ_STUBS 129 255 deliver_to_host
-
-// The NMI, what a fabulous beast
-// Which swoops in and stops us no matter that
-// We're suspended between heaven and hell,
-// (Or more likely between the Host and Guest)
-// When in it comes! We are dazed and confused
-// So we do the simplest thing which one can.
-// Though we've pushed the trap number and zero
-// We discard them, return, and hope we live.
-handle_nmi:
- addl $8, %esp
- iret
-
-// We are done; all that's left is Mastery
-// And "make Mastery" is a journey long
-// Designed to make your fingers itch to code.
-
-// Here ends the text, the file and poem.
-ENTRY(end_switcher_text)
diff --git a/drivers/net/Kconfig b/drivers/net/Kconfig
index 83a1616903f8..aba0d652095b 100644
--- a/drivers/net/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/net/Kconfig
@@ -333,7 +333,7 @@ config VIRTIO_NET
depends on VIRTIO
---help---
This is the virtual network driver for virtio. It can be used with
- lguest or QEMU based VMMs (like KVM or Xen). Say Y or M.
+ QEMU based VMMs (like KVM or Xen). Say Y or M.
config NLMON
tristate "Virtual netlink monitoring device"
diff --git a/drivers/tty/hvc/Kconfig b/drivers/tty/hvc/Kconfig
index b8d5ea0ae26b..fec457edad14 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/hvc/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/tty/hvc/Kconfig
@@ -4,7 +4,7 @@ config HVC_DRIVER
bool
help
Generic "hypervisor virtual console" infrastructure for various
- hypervisors (pSeries, iSeries, Xen, lguest).
+ hypervisors (pSeries, iSeries, Xen).
It will automatically be selected if one of the back-end console drivers
is selected.
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
index 623f72334fa5..cff773f15b7e 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/virtio/Kconfig
@@ -2,8 +2,8 @@ config VIRTIO
tristate
---help---
This option is selected by any driver which implements the virtio
- bus, such as CONFIG_VIRTIO_PCI, CONFIG_VIRTIO_MMIO, CONFIG_LGUEST,
- CONFIG_RPMSG or CONFIG_S390_GUEST.
+ bus, such as CONFIG_VIRTIO_PCI, CONFIG_VIRTIO_MMIO, CONFIG_RPMSG
+ or CONFIG_S390_GUEST.
menu "Virtio drivers"
diff --git a/include/linux/lguest.h b/include/linux/lguest.h
deleted file mode 100644
index 6db19f35f7c5..000000000000
--- a/include/linux/lguest.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,73 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Things the lguest guest needs to know. Note: like all lguest interfaces,
- * this is subject to wild and random change between versions.
- */
-#ifndef _LINUX_LGUEST_H
-#define _LINUX_LGUEST_H
-
-#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
-#include <linux/time.h>
-#include <asm/irq.h>
-#include <asm/lguest_hcall.h>
-
-#define LG_CLOCK_MIN_DELTA 100UL
-#define LG_CLOCK_MAX_DELTA ULONG_MAX
-
-/*G:031
- * The second method of communicating with the Host is to via "struct
- * lguest_data". Once the Guest's initialization hypercall tells the Host where
- * this is, the Guest and Host both publish information in it.
-:*/
-struct lguest_data {
- /*
- * 512 == enabled (same as eflags in normal hardware). The Guest
- * changes interrupts so often that a hypercall is too slow.
- */
- unsigned int irq_enabled;
- /* Fine-grained interrupt disabling by the Guest */
- DECLARE_BITMAP(blocked_interrupts, LGUEST_IRQS);
-
- /*
- * The Host writes the virtual address of the last page fault here,
- * which saves the Guest a hypercall. CR2 is the native register where
- * this address would normally be found.
- */
- unsigned long cr2;
-
- /* Wallclock time set by the Host. */
- struct timespec time;
-
- /*
- * Interrupt pending set by the Host. The Guest should do a hypercall
- * if it re-enables interrupts and sees this set (to X86_EFLAGS_IF).
- */
- int irq_pending;
-
- /*
- * Async hypercall ring. Instead of directly making hypercalls, we can
- * place them in here for processing the next time the Host wants.
- * This batching can be quite efficient.
- */
-
- /* 0xFF == done (set by Host), 0 == pending (set by Guest). */
- u8 hcall_status[LHCALL_RING_SIZE];
- /* The actual registers for the hypercalls. */
- struct hcall_args hcalls[LHCALL_RING_SIZE];
-
-/* Fields initialized by the Host at boot: */
- /* Memory not to try to access */
- unsigned long reserve_mem;
- /* KHz for the TSC clock. */
- u32 tsc_khz;
-
-/* Fields initialized by the Guest at boot: */
- /* Instruction to suppress interrupts even if enabled */
- unsigned long noirq_iret;
- /* Address above which page tables are all identical. */
- unsigned long kernel_address;
- /* The vector to try to use for system calls (0x40 or 0x80). */
- unsigned int syscall_vec;
-};
-extern struct lguest_data lguest_data;
-#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
-#endif /* _LINUX_LGUEST_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/lguest_launcher.h b/include/linux/lguest_launcher.h
deleted file mode 100644
index acd5b12565cc..000000000000
--- a/include/linux/lguest_launcher.h
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,44 +0,0 @@
-#ifndef _LINUX_LGUEST_LAUNCHER
-#define _LINUX_LGUEST_LAUNCHER
-/* Everything the "lguest" userspace program needs to know. */
-#include <linux/types.h>
-
-/*D:010
- * Drivers
- *
- * The Guest needs devices to do anything useful. Since we don't let it touch
- * real devices (think of the damage it could do!) we provide virtual devices.
- * We emulate a PCI bus with virtio devices on it; we used to have our own
- * lguest bus which was far simpler, but this tests the virtio 1.0 standard.
- *
- * Virtio devices are also used by kvm, so we can simply reuse their optimized
- * device drivers. And one day when everyone uses virtio, my plan will be
- * complete. Bwahahahah!
- */
-
-/* Write command first word is a request. */
-enum lguest_req
-{
- LHREQ_INITIALIZE, /* + base, pfnlimit, start */
- LHREQ_GETDMA, /* No longer used */
- LHREQ_IRQ, /* + irq */
- LHREQ_BREAK, /* No longer used */
- LHREQ_EVENTFD, /* No longer used. */
- LHREQ_GETREG, /* + offset within struct pt_regs (then read value). */
- LHREQ_SETREG, /* + offset within struct pt_regs, value. */
- LHREQ_TRAP, /* + trap number to deliver to guest. */
-};
-
-/*
- * This is what read() of the lguest fd populates. trap ==
- * LGUEST_TRAP_ENTRY for an LHCALL_NOTIFY (addr is the
- * argument), 14 for a page fault in the MMIO region (addr is
- * the trap address, insn is the instruction), or 13 for a GPF
- * (insn is the instruction).
- */
-struct lguest_pending {
- __u8 trap;
- __u8 insn[7];
- __u32 addr;
-};
-#endif /* _LINUX_LGUEST_LAUNCHER */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h
index c07295969b7e..6d5d5faa989b 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_VIRTIO_RING_H
#define _UAPI_LINUX_VIRTIO_RING_H
-/* An interface for efficient virtio implementation, currently for use by KVM
- * and lguest, but hopefully others soon. Do NOT change this since it will
+/* An interface for efficient virtio implementation, currently for use by KVM,
+ * but hopefully others soon. Do NOT change this since it will
* break existing servers and clients.
*
* This header is BSD licensed so anyone can use the definitions to implement
diff --git a/tools/Makefile b/tools/Makefile
index 221e1ce78b06..a19b176b914b 100644
--- a/tools/Makefile
+++ b/tools/Makefile
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@ help:
@echo ' iio - IIO tools'
@echo ' kvm_stat - top-like utility for displaying kvm statistics'
@echo ' leds - LEDs tools'
- @echo ' lguest - a minimal 32-bit x86 hypervisor'
@echo ' liblockdep - user-space wrapper for kernel locking-validator'
@echo ' net - misc networking tools'
@echo ' perf - Linux performance measurement and analysis tool'
@@ -90,7 +89,7 @@ freefall: FORCE
kvm_stat: FORCE
$(call descend,kvm/$@)
-all: acpi cgroup cpupower gpio hv firewire lguest liblockdep \
+all: acpi cgroup cpupower gpio hv firewire liblockdep \
perf selftests turbostat usb \
virtio vm net x86_energy_perf_policy \
tmon freefall objtool kvm_stat
@@ -101,7 +100,7 @@ acpi_install:
cpupower_install:
$(call descend,power/$(@:_install=),install)
-cgroup_install firewire_install gpio_install hv_install lguest_install perf_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install net_install objtool_install:
+cgroup_install firewire_install gpio_install hv_install perf_install usb_install virtio_install vm_install net_install objtool_install:
$(call descend,$(@:_install=),install)
liblockdep_install:
@@ -123,7 +122,7 @@ kvm_stat_install:
$(call descend,kvm/$(@:_install=),install)
install: acpi_install cgroup_install cpupower_install gpio_install \
- hv_install firewire_install lguest_install liblockdep_install \
+ hv_install firewire_install liblockdep_install \
perf_install selftests_install turbostat_install usb_install \
virtio_install vm_install net_install x86_energy_perf_policy_install \
tmon_install freefall_install objtool_install kvm_stat_install
@@ -134,7 +133,7 @@ acpi_clean:
cpupower_clean:
$(call descend,power/cpupower,clean)
-cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean lguest_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean net_clean iio_clean gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean:
+cgroup_clean hv_clean firewire_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean vm_clean net_clean iio_clean gpio_clean objtool_clean leds_clean:
$(call descend,$(@:_clean=),clean)
liblockdep_clean:
@@ -168,7 +167,7 @@ freefall_clean:
build_clean:
$(call descend,build,clean)
-clean: acpi_clean cgroup_clean cpupower_clean hv_clean firewire_clean lguest_clean \
+clean: acpi_clean cgroup_clean cpupower_clean hv_clean firewire_clean \
perf_clean selftests_clean turbostat_clean spi_clean usb_clean virtio_clean \
vm_clean net_clean iio_clean x86_energy_perf_policy_clean tmon_clean \
freefall_clean build_clean libbpf_clean libsubcmd_clean liblockdep_clean \
diff --git a/tools/lguest/.gitignore b/tools/lguest/.gitignore
deleted file mode 100644
index 8d9a8383a52e..000000000000
--- a/tools/lguest/.gitignore
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,2 +0,0 @@
-lguest
-include
diff --git a/tools/lguest/Makefile b/tools/lguest/Makefile
deleted file mode 100644
index d04599a79802..000000000000
--- a/tools/lguest/Makefile
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,14 +0,0 @@
-# This creates the demonstration utility "lguest" which runs a Linux guest.
-CFLAGS:=-m32 -Wall -Wmissing-declarations -Wmissing-prototypes -O3 -U_FORTIFY_SOURCE -Iinclude
-
-all: lguest
-
-include/linux/virtio_types.h: ../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_types.h
- mkdir -p include/linux 2>&1 || true
- ln -sf ../../../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_types.h $@
-
-lguest: include/linux/virtio_types.h
-
-clean:
- rm -f lguest
- rm -rf include
diff --git a/tools/lguest/extract b/tools/lguest/extract
deleted file mode 100644
index 7730bb6e4b94..000000000000
--- a/tools/lguest/extract
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,58 +0,0 @@
-#! /bin/sh
-
-set -e
-
-PREFIX=$1
-shift
-
-trap 'rm -r $TMPDIR' 0
-TMPDIR=`mktemp -d`
-
-exec 3>/dev/null
-for f; do
- while IFS="
-" read -r LINE; do
- case "$LINE" in
- *$PREFIX:[0-9]*:\**)
- NUM=`echo "$LINE" | sed "s/.*$PREFIX:\([0-9]*\).*/\1/"`
- if [ -f $TMPDIR/$NUM ]; then
- echo "$TMPDIR/$NUM already exits prior to $f"
- exit 1
- fi
- exec 3>>$TMPDIR/$NUM
- echo $f | sed 's,\.\./,,g' > $TMPDIR/.$NUM
- /bin/echo "$LINE" | sed -e "s/$PREFIX:[0-9]*//" -e "s/:\*/*/" >&3
- ;;
- *$PREFIX:[0-9]*)
- NUM=`echo "$LINE" | sed "s/.*$PREFIX:\([0-9]*\).*/\1/"`
- if [ -f $TMPDIR/$NUM ]; then
- echo "$TMPDIR/$NUM already exits prior to $f"
- exit 1
- fi
- exec 3>>$TMPDIR/$NUM
- echo $f | sed 's,\.\./,,g' > $TMPDIR/.$NUM
- /bin/echo "$LINE" | sed "s/$PREFIX:[0-9]*//" >&3
- ;;
- *:\**)
- /bin/echo "$LINE" | sed -e "s/:\*/*/" -e "s,/\*\*/,," >&3
- echo >&3
- exec 3>/dev/null
- ;;
- *)
- /bin/echo "$LINE" >&3
- ;;
- esac
- done < $f
- echo >&3
- exec 3>/dev/null
-done
-
-LASTFILE=""
-for f in $TMPDIR/*; do
- if [ "$LASTFILE" != $(cat $TMPDIR/.$(basename $f) ) ]; then
- LASTFILE=$(cat $TMPDIR/.$(basename $f) )
- echo "[ $LASTFILE ]"
- fi
- cat $f
-done
-
diff --git a/tools/lguest/lguest.c b/tools/lguest/lguest.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 897cd6f3f687..000000000000
--- a/tools/lguest/lguest.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,3420 +0,0 @@
-/*P:100
- * This is the Launcher code, a simple program which lays out the "physical"
- * memory for the new Guest by mapping the kernel image and the virtual
- * devices, then opens /dev/lguest to tell the kernel about the Guest and
- * control it.
-:*/
-#define _LARGEFILE64_SOURCE
-#define _GNU_SOURCE
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <string.h>
-#include <unistd.h>
-#include <err.h>
-#include <stdint.h>
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <elf.h>
-#include <sys/mman.h>
-#include <sys/param.h>
-#include <sys/types.h>
-#include <sys/stat.h>
-#include <sys/wait.h>
-#include <sys/eventfd.h>
-#include <fcntl.h>
-#include <stdbool.h>
-#include <errno.h>
-#include <ctype.h>
-#include <sys/socket.h>
-#include <sys/ioctl.h>
-#include <sys/time.h>
-#include <time.h>
-#include <netinet/in.h>
-#include <net/if.h>
-#include <linux/sockios.h>
-#include <linux/if_tun.h>
-#include <sys/uio.h>
-#include <termios.h>
-#include <getopt.h>
-#include <assert.h>
-#include <sched.h>
-#include <limits.h>
-#include <stddef.h>
-#include <signal.h>
-#include <pwd.h>
-#include <grp.h>
-#include <sys/user.h>
-#include <linux/pci_regs.h>
-
-#ifndef VIRTIO_F_ANY_LAYOUT
-#define VIRTIO_F_ANY_LAYOUT 27
-#endif
-
-/*L:110
- * We can ignore the 43 include files we need for this program, but I do want
- * to draw attention to the use of kernel-style types.
- *
- * As Linus said, "C is a Spartan language, and so should your naming be." I
- * like these abbreviations, so we define them here. Note that u64 is always
- * unsigned long long, which works on all Linux systems: this means that we can
- * use %llu in printf for any u64.
- */
-typedef unsigned long long u64;
-typedef uint32_t u32;
-typedef uint16_t u16;
-typedef uint8_t u8;
-/*:*/
-
-#define VIRTIO_CONFIG_NO_LEGACY
-#define VIRTIO_PCI_NO_LEGACY
-#define VIRTIO_BLK_NO_LEGACY
-#define VIRTIO_NET_NO_LEGACY
-
-/* Use in-kernel ones, which defines VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1 */
-#include "../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_config.h"
-#include "../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_net.h"
-#include "../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_blk.h"
-#include "../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_console.h"
-#include "../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_rng.h"
-#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
-#include "../../include/uapi/linux/virtio_pci.h"
-#include <asm/bootparam.h>
-#include "../../include/linux/lguest_launcher.h"
-
-#define BRIDGE_PFX "bridge:"
-#ifndef SIOCBRADDIF
-#define SIOCBRADDIF 0x89a2 /* add interface to bridge */
-#endif
-/* We can have up to 256 pages for devices. */
-#define DEVICE_PAGES 256
-/* This will occupy 3 pages: it must be a power of 2. */
-#define VIRTQUEUE_NUM 256
-
-/*L:120
- * verbose is both a global flag and a macro. The C preprocessor allows
- * this, and although I wouldn't recommend it, it works quite nicely here.
- */
-static bool verbose;
-#define verbose(args...) \
- do { if (verbose) printf(args); } while(0)
-/*:*/
-
-/* The pointer to the start of guest memory. */
-static void *guest_base;
-/* The maximum guest physical address allowed, and maximum possible. */
-static unsigned long guest_limit, guest_max, guest_mmio;
-/* The /dev/lguest file descriptor. */
-static int lguest_fd;
-
-/* a per-cpu variable indicating whose vcpu is currently running */
-static unsigned int __thread cpu_id;
-
-/* 5 bit device number in the PCI_CONFIG_ADDR => 32 only */
-#define MAX_PCI_DEVICES 32
-
-/* This is our list of devices. */
-struct device_list {
- /* Counter to assign interrupt numbers. */
- unsigned int next_irq;
-
- /* Counter to print out convenient device numbers. */
- unsigned int device_num;
-
- /* PCI devices. */
- struct device *pci[MAX_PCI_DEVICES];
-};
-
-/* The list of Guest devices, based on command line arguments. */
-static struct device_list devices;
-
-/*
- * Just like struct virtio_pci_cfg_cap in uapi/linux/virtio_pci.h,
- * but uses a u32 explicitly for the data.
- */
-struct virtio_pci_cfg_cap_u32 {
- struct virtio_pci_cap cap;
- u32 pci_cfg_data; /* Data for BAR access. */
-};
-
-struct virtio_pci_mmio {
- struct virtio_pci_common_cfg cfg;
- u16 notify;
- u8 isr;
- u8 padding;
- /* Device-specific configuration follows this. */
-};
-
-/* This is the layout (little-endian) of the PCI config space. */
-struct pci_config {
- u16 vendor_id, device_id;
- u16 command, status;
- u8 revid, prog_if, subclass, class;
- u8 cacheline_size, lat_timer, header_type, bist;
- u32 bar[6];
- u32 cardbus_cis_ptr;
- u16 subsystem_vendor_id, subsystem_device_id;
- u32 expansion_rom_addr;
- u8 capabilities, reserved1[3];
- u32 reserved2;
- u8 irq_line, irq_pin, min_grant, max_latency;
-
- /* Now, this is the linked capability list. */
- struct virtio_pci_cap common;
- struct virtio_pci_notify_cap notify;
- struct virtio_pci_cap isr;
- struct virtio_pci_cap device;
- struct virtio_pci_cfg_cap_u32 cfg_access;
-};
-
-/* The device structure describes a single device. */
-struct device {
- /* The name of this device, for --verbose. */
- const char *name;
-
- /* Any queues attached to this device */
- struct virtqueue *vq;
-
- /* Is it operational */
- bool running;
-
- /* Has it written FEATURES_OK but not re-checked it? */
- bool wrote_features_ok;
-
- /* PCI configuration */
- union {
- struct pci_config config;
- u32 config_words[sizeof(struct pci_config) / sizeof(u32)];
- };
-
- /* Features we offer, and those accepted. */
- u64 features, features_accepted;
-
- /* Device-specific config hangs off the end of this. */
- struct virtio_pci_mmio *mmio;
-
- /* PCI MMIO resources (all in BAR0) */
- size_t mmio_size;
- u32 mmio_addr;
-
- /* Device-specific data. */
- void *priv;
-};
-
-/* The virtqueue structure describes a queue attached to a device. */
-struct virtqueue {
- struct virtqueue *next;
-
- /* Which device owns me. */
- struct device *dev;
-
- /* Name for printing errors. */
- const char *name;
-
- /* The actual ring of buffers. */
- struct vring vring;
-
- /* The information about this virtqueue (we only use queue_size on) */
- struct virtio_pci_common_cfg pci_config;
-
- /* Last available index we saw. */
- u16 last_avail_idx;
-
- /* How many are used since we sent last irq? */
- unsigned int pending_used;
-
- /* Eventfd where Guest notifications arrive. */
- int eventfd;
-
- /* Function for the thread which is servicing this virtqueue. */
- void (*service)(struct virtqueue *vq);
- pid_t thread;
-};
-
-/* Remember the arguments to the program so we can "reboot" */
-static char **main_args;
-
-/* The original tty settings to restore on exit. */
-static struct termios orig_term;
-
-/*
- * We have to be careful with barriers: our devices are all run in separate
- * threads and so we need to make sure that changes visible to the Guest happen
- * in precise order.
- */
-#define wmb() __asm__ __volatile__("" : : : "memory")
-#define rmb() __asm__ __volatile__("lock; addl $0,0(%%esp)" : : : "memory")
-#define mb() __asm__ __volatile__("lock; addl $0,0(%%esp)" : : : "memory")
-
-/* Wrapper for the last available index. Makes it easier to change. */
-#define lg_last_avail(vq) ((vq)->last_avail_idx)
-
-/*
- * The virtio configuration space is defined to be little-endian. x86 is
- * little-endian too, but it's nice to be explicit so we have these helpers.
- */
-#define cpu_to_le16(v16) (v16)
-#define cpu_to_le32(v32) (v32)
-#define cpu_to_le64(v64) (v64)
-#define le16_to_cpu(v16) (v16)
-#define le32_to_cpu(v32) (v32)
-#define le64_to_cpu(v64) (v64)
-
-/*
- * A real device would ignore weird/non-compliant driver behaviour. We
- * stop and flag it, to help debugging Linux problems.
- */
-#define bad_driver(d, fmt, ...) \
- errx(1, "%s: bad driver: " fmt, (d)->name, ## __VA_ARGS__)
-#define bad_driver_vq(vq, fmt, ...) \
- errx(1, "%s vq %s: bad driver: " fmt, (vq)->dev->name, \
- vq->name, ## __VA_ARGS__)
-
-/* Is this iovec empty? */
-static bool iov_empty(const struct iovec iov[], unsigned int num_iov)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < num_iov; i++)
- if (iov[i].iov_len)
- return false;
- return true;
-}
-
-/* Take len bytes from the front of this iovec. */
-static void iov_consume(struct device *d,
- struct iovec iov[], unsigned num_iov,
- void *dest, unsigned len)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = 0; i < num_iov; i++) {
- unsigned int used;
-
- used = iov[i].iov_len < len ? iov[i].iov_len : len;
- if (dest) {
- memcpy(dest, iov[i].iov_base, used);
- dest += used;
- }
- iov[i].iov_base += used;
- iov[i].iov_len -= used;
- len -= used;
- }
- if (len != 0)
- bad_driver(d, "iovec too short!");
-}
-
-/*L:100
- * The Launcher code itself takes us out into userspace, that scary place where
- * pointers run wild and free! Unfortunately, like most userspace programs,
- * it's quite boring (which is why everyone likes to hack on the kernel!).
- * Perhaps if you make up an Lguest Drinking Game at this point, it will get
- * you through this section. Or, maybe not.
- *
- * The Launcher sets up a big chunk of memory to be the Guest's "physical"
- * memory and stores it in "guest_base". In other words, Guest physical ==
- * Launcher virtual with an offset.
- *
- * This can be tough to get your head around, but usually it just means that we
- * use these trivial conversion functions when the Guest gives us its
- * "physical" addresses:
- */
-static void *from_guest_phys(unsigned long addr)
-{
- return guest_base + addr;
-}
-
-static unsigned long to_guest_phys(const void *addr)
-{
- return (addr - guest_base);
-}
-
-/*L:130
- * Loading the Kernel.
- *
- * We start with couple of simple helper routines. open_or_die() avoids
- * error-checking code cluttering the callers:
- */
-static int open_or_die(const char *name, int flags)
-{
- int fd = open(name, flags);
- if (fd < 0)
- err(1, "Failed to open %s", name);
- return fd;
-}
-
-/* map_zeroed_pages() takes a number of pages. */
-static void *map_zeroed_pages(unsigned int num)
-{
- int fd = open_or_die("/dev/zero", O_RDONLY);
- void *addr;
-
- /*
- * We use a private mapping (ie. if we write to the page, it will be
- * copied). We allocate an extra two pages PROT_NONE to act as guard
- * pages against read/write attempts that exceed allocated space.
- */
- addr = mmap(NULL, getpagesize() * (num+2),
- PROT_NONE, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
-
- if (addr == MAP_FAILED)
- err(1, "Mmapping %u pages of /dev/zero", num);
-
- if (mprotect(addr + getpagesize(), getpagesize() * num,
- PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE) == -1)
- err(1, "mprotect rw %u pages failed", num);
-
- /*
- * One neat mmap feature is that you can close the fd, and it
- * stays mapped.
- */
- close(fd);
-
- /* Return address after PROT_NONE page */
- return addr + getpagesize();
-}
-
-/* Get some bytes which won't be mapped into the guest. */
-static unsigned long get_mmio_region(size_t size)
-{
- unsigned long addr = guest_mmio;
- size_t i;
-
- if (!size)
- return addr;
-
- /* Size has to be a power of 2 (and multiple of 16) */
- for (i = 1; i < size; i <<= 1);
-
- guest_mmio += i;
-
- return addr;
-}
-
-/*
- * This routine is used to load the kernel or initrd. It tries mmap, but if
- * that fails (Plan 9's kernel file isn't nicely aligned on page boundaries),
- * it falls back to reading the memory in.
- */
-static void map_at(int fd, void *addr, unsigned long offset, unsigned long len)
-{
- ssize_t r;
-
- /*
- * We map writable even though for some segments are marked read-only.
- * The kernel really wants to be writable: it patches its own
- * instructions.
- *
- * MAP_PRIVATE means that the page won't be copied until a write is
- * done to it. This allows us to share untouched memory between
- * Guests.
- */
- if (mmap(addr, len, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,
- MAP_FIXED|MAP_PRIVATE, fd, offset) != MAP_FAILED)
- return;
-
- /* pread does a seek and a read in one shot: saves a few lines. */
- r = pread(fd, addr, len, offset);
- if (r != len)
- err(1, "Reading offset %lu len %lu gave %zi", offset, len, r);
-}
-
-/*
- * This routine takes an open vmlinux image, which is in ELF, and maps it into
- * the Guest memory. ELF = Embedded Linking Format, which is the format used
- * by all modern binaries on Linux including the kernel.
- *
- * The ELF headers give *two* addresses: a physical address, and a virtual
- * address. We use the physical address; the Guest will map itself to the
- * virtual address.
- *
- * We return the starting address.
- */
-static unsigned long map_elf(int elf_fd, const Elf32_Ehdr *ehdr)
-{
- Elf32_Phdr phdr[ehdr->e_phnum];
- unsigned int i;
-
- /*
- * Sanity checks on the main ELF header: an x86 executable with a
- * reasonable number of correctly-sized program headers.
- */
- if (ehdr->e_type != ET_EXEC
- || ehdr->e_machine != EM_386
- || ehdr->e_phentsize != sizeof(Elf32_Phdr)
- || ehdr->e_phnum < 1 || ehdr->e_phnum > 65536U/sizeof(Elf32_Phdr))
- errx(1, "Malformed elf header");
-
- /*
- * An ELF executable contains an ELF header and a number of "program"
- * headers which indicate which parts ("segments") of the program to
- * load where.
- */
-
- /* We read in all the program headers at once: */
- if (lseek(elf_fd, ehdr->e_phoff, SEEK_SET) < 0)
- err(1, "Seeking to program headers");
- if (read(elf_fd, phdr, sizeof(phdr)) != sizeof(phdr))
- err(1, "Reading program headers");
-
- /*
- * Try all the headers: there are usually only three. A read-only one,
- * a read-write one, and a "note" section which we don't load.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++) {
- /* If this isn't a loadable segment, we ignore it */
- if (phdr[i].p_type != PT_LOAD)
- continue;
-
- verbose("Section %i: size %i addr %p\n",
- i, phdr[i].p_memsz, (void *)phdr[i].p_paddr);
-
- /* We map this section of the file at its physical address. */
- map_at(elf_fd, from_guest_phys(phdr[i].p_paddr),
- phdr[i].p_offset, phdr[i].p_filesz);
- }
-
- /* The entry point is given in the ELF header. */
- return ehdr->e_entry;
-}
-
-/*L:150
- * A bzImage, unlike an ELF file, is not meant to be loaded. You're supposed
- * to jump into it and it will unpack itself. We used to have to perform some
- * hairy magic because the unpacking code scared me.
- *
- * Fortunately, Jeremy Fitzhardinge convinced me it wasn't that hard and wrote
- * a small patch to jump over the tricky bits in the Guest, so now we just read
- * the funky header so we know where in the file to load, and away we go!
- */
-static unsigned long load_bzimage(int fd)
-{
- struct boot_params boot;
- int r;
- /* Modern bzImages get loaded at 1M. */
- void *p = from_guest_phys(0x100000);
-
- /*
- * Go back to the start of the file and read the header. It should be
- * a Linux boot header (see Documentation/x86/boot.txt)
- */
- lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_SET);
- read(fd, &boot, sizeof(boot));
-
- /* Inside the setup_hdr, we expect the magic "HdrS" */
- if (memcmp(&boot.hdr.header, "HdrS", 4) != 0)
- errx(1, "This doesn't look like a bzImage to me");
-
- /* Skip over the extra sectors of the header. */
- lseek(fd, (boot.hdr.setup_sects+1) * 512, SEEK_SET);
-
- /* Now read everything into memory. in nice big chunks. */
- while ((r = read(fd, p, 65536)) > 0)
- p += r;
-
- /* Finally, code32_start tells us where to enter the kernel. */
- return boot.hdr.code32_start;
-}
-
-/*L:140
- * Loading the kernel is easy when it's a "vmlinux", but most kernels
- * come wrapped up in the self-decompressing "bzImage" format. With a little
- * work, we can load those, too.
- */
-static unsigned long load_kernel(int fd)
-{
- Elf32_Ehdr hdr;
-
- /* Read in the first few bytes. */
- if (read(fd, &hdr, sizeof(hdr)) != sizeof(hdr))
- err(1, "Reading kernel");
-
- /* If it's an ELF file, it starts with "\177ELF" */
- if (memcmp(hdr.e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) == 0)
- return map_elf(fd, &hdr);
-
- /* Otherwise we assume it's a bzImage, and try to load it. */
- return load_bzimage(fd);
-}
-
-/*
- * This is a trivial little helper to align pages. Andi Kleen hated it because
- * it calls getpagesize() twice: "it's dumb code."
- *
- * Kernel guys get really het up about optimization, even when it's not
- * necessary. I leave this code as a reaction against that.
- */
-static inline unsigned long page_align(unsigned long addr)
-{
- /* Add upwards and truncate downwards. */
- return ((addr + getpagesize()-1) & ~(getpagesize()-1));
-}
-
-/*L:180
- * An "initial ram disk" is a disk image loaded into memory along with the
- * kernel which the kernel can use to boot from without needing any drivers.
- * Most distributions now use this as standard: the initrd contains the code to
- * load the appropriate driver modules for the current machine.
- *
- * Importantly, James Morris works for RedHat, and Fedora uses initrds for its
- * kernels. He sent me this (and tells me when I break it).
- */
-static unsigned long load_initrd(const char *name, unsigned long mem)
-{
- int ifd;
- struct stat st;
- unsigned long len;
-
- ifd = open_or_die(name, O_RDONLY);
- /* fstat() is needed to get the file size. */
- if (fstat(ifd, &st) < 0)
- err(1, "fstat() on initrd '%s'", name);
-
- /*
- * We map the initrd at the top of memory, but mmap wants it to be
- * page-aligned, so we round the size up for that.
- */
- len = page_align(st.st_size);
- map_at(ifd, from_guest_phys(mem - len), 0, st.st_size);
- /*
- * Once a file is mapped, you can close the file descriptor. It's a
- * little odd, but quite useful.
- */
- close(ifd);
- verbose("mapped initrd %s size=%lu @ %p\n", name, len, (void*)mem-len);
-
- /* We return the initrd size. */
- return len;
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*
- * Simple routine to roll all the commandline arguments together with spaces
- * between them.
- */
-static void concat(char *dst, char *args[])
-{
- unsigned int i, len = 0;
-
- for (i = 0; args[i]; i++) {
- if (i) {
- strcat(dst+len, " ");
- len++;
- }
- strcpy(dst+len, args[i]);
- len += strlen(args[i]);
- }
- /* In case it's empty. */
- dst[len] = '\0';
-}
-
-/*L:185
- * This is where we actually tell the kernel to initialize the Guest. We
- * saw the arguments it expects when we looked at initialize() in lguest_user.c:
- * the base of Guest "physical" memory, the top physical page to allow and the
- * entry point for the Guest.
- */
-static void tell_kernel(unsigned long start)
-{
- unsigned long args[] = { LHREQ_INITIALIZE,
- (unsigned long)guest_base,
- guest_limit / getpagesize(), start,
- (guest_mmio+getpagesize()-1) / getpagesize() };
- verbose("Guest: %p - %p (%#lx, MMIO %#lx)\n",
- guest_base, guest_base + guest_limit,
- guest_limit, guest_mmio);
- lguest_fd = open_or_die("/dev/lguest", O_RDWR);
- if (write(lguest_fd, args, sizeof(args)) < 0)
- err(1, "Writing to /dev/lguest");
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*L:200
- * Device Handling.
- *
- * When the Guest gives us a buffer, it sends an array of addresses and sizes.
- * We need to make sure it's not trying to reach into the Launcher itself, so
- * we have a convenient routine which checks it and exits with an error message
- * if something funny is going on:
- */
-static void *_check_pointer(struct device *d,
- unsigned long addr, unsigned int size,
- unsigned int line)
-{
- /*
- * Check if the requested address and size exceeds the allocated memory,
- * or addr + size wraps around.
- */
- if ((addr + size) > guest_limit || (addr + size) < addr)
- bad_driver(d, "%s:%i: Invalid address %#lx",
- __FILE__, line, addr);
- /*
- * We return a pointer for the caller's convenience, now we know it's
- * safe to use.
- */
- return from_guest_phys(addr);
-}
-/* A macro which transparently hands the line number to the real function. */
-#define check_pointer(d,addr,size) _check_pointer(d, addr, size, __LINE__)
-
-/*
- * Each buffer in the virtqueues is actually a chain of descriptors. This
- * function returns the next descriptor in the chain, or vq->vring.num if we're
- * at the end.
- */
-static unsigned next_desc(struct device *d, struct vring_desc *desc,
- unsigned int i, unsigned int max)
-{
- unsigned int next;
-
- /* If this descriptor says it doesn't chain, we're done. */
- if (!(desc[i].flags & VRING_DESC_F_NEXT))
- return max;
-
- /* Check they're not leading us off end of descriptors. */
- next = desc[i].next;
- /* Make sure compiler knows to grab that: we don't want it changing! */
- wmb();
-
- if (next >= max)
- bad_driver(d, "Desc next is %u", next);
-
- return next;
-}
-
-/*
- * This actually sends the interrupt for this virtqueue, if we've used a
- * buffer.
- */
-static void trigger_irq(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- unsigned long buf[] = { LHREQ_IRQ, vq->dev->config.irq_line };
-
- /* Don't inform them if nothing used. */
- if (!vq->pending_used)
- return;
- vq->pending_used = 0;
-
- /*
- * 2.4.7.1:
- *
- * If the VIRTIO_F_EVENT_IDX feature bit is not negotiated:
- * The driver MUST set flags to 0 or 1.
- */
- if (vq->vring.avail->flags > 1)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "avail->flags = %u\n", vq->vring.avail->flags);
-
- /*
- * 2.4.7.2:
- *
- * If the VIRTIO_F_EVENT_IDX feature bit is not negotiated:
- *
- * - The device MUST ignore the used_event value.
- * - After the device writes a descriptor index into the used ring:
- * - If flags is 1, the device SHOULD NOT send an interrupt.
- * - If flags is 0, the device MUST send an interrupt.
- */
- if (vq->vring.avail->flags & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT) {
- return;
- }
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.5.1:
- *
- * If MSI-X capability is disabled, the device MUST set the Queue
- * Interrupt bit in ISR status before sending a virtqueue notification
- * to the driver.
- */
- vq->dev->mmio->isr = 0x1;
-
- /* Send the Guest an interrupt tell them we used something up. */
- if (write(lguest_fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) != 0)
- err(1, "Triggering irq %i", vq->dev->config.irq_line);
-}
-
-/*
- * This looks in the virtqueue for the first available buffer, and converts
- * it to an iovec for convenient access. Since descriptors consist of some
- * number of output then some number of input descriptors, it's actually two
- * iovecs, but we pack them into one and note how many of each there were.
- *
- * This function waits if necessary, and returns the descriptor number found.
- */
-static unsigned wait_for_vq_desc(struct virtqueue *vq,
- struct iovec iov[],
- unsigned int *out_num, unsigned int *in_num)
-{
- unsigned int i, head, max;
- struct vring_desc *desc;
- u16 last_avail = lg_last_avail(vq);
-
- /*
- * 2.4.7.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST handle spurious interrupts from the device.
- *
- * That's why this is a while loop.
- */
-
- /* There's nothing available? */
- while (last_avail == vq->vring.avail->idx) {
- u64 event;
-
- /*
- * Since we're about to sleep, now is a good time to tell the
- * Guest about what we've used up to now.
- */
- trigger_irq(vq);
-
- /* OK, now we need to know about added descriptors. */
- vq->vring.used->flags &= ~VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY;
-
- /*
- * They could have slipped one in as we were doing that: make
- * sure it's written, then check again.
- */
- mb();
- if (last_avail != vq->vring.avail->idx) {
- vq->vring.used->flags |= VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY;
- break;
- }
-
- /* Nothing new? Wait for eventfd to tell us they refilled. */
- if (read(vq->eventfd, &event, sizeof(event)) != sizeof(event))
- errx(1, "Event read failed?");
-
- /* We don't need to be notified again. */
- vq->vring.used->flags |= VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY;
- }
-
- /* Check it isn't doing very strange things with descriptor numbers. */
- if ((u16)(vq->vring.avail->idx - last_avail) > vq->vring.num)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Guest moved used index from %u to %u",
- last_avail, vq->vring.avail->idx);
-
- /*
- * Make sure we read the descriptor number *after* we read the ring
- * update; don't let the cpu or compiler change the order.
- */
- rmb();
-
- /*
- * Grab the next descriptor number they're advertising, and increment
- * the index we've seen.
- */
- head = vq->vring.avail->ring[last_avail % vq->vring.num];
- lg_last_avail(vq)++;
-
- /* If their number is silly, that's a fatal mistake. */
- if (head >= vq->vring.num)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Guest says index %u is available", head);
-
- /* When we start there are none of either input nor output. */
- *out_num = *in_num = 0;
-
- max = vq->vring.num;
- desc = vq->vring.desc;
- i = head;
-
- /*
- * We have to read the descriptor after we read the descriptor number,
- * but there's a data dependency there so the CPU shouldn't reorder
- * that: no rmb() required.
- */
-
- do {
- /*
- * If this is an indirect entry, then this buffer contains a
- * descriptor table which we handle as if it's any normal
- * descriptor chain.
- */
- if (desc[i].flags & VRING_DESC_F_INDIRECT) {
- /* 2.4.5.3.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT set the VIRTQ_DESC_F_INDIRECT
- * flag unless the VIRTIO_F_INDIRECT_DESC feature was
- * negotiated.
- */
- if (!(vq->dev->features_accepted &
- (1<<VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC)))
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "vq indirect not negotiated");
-
- /*
- * 2.4.5.3.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT set the VIRTQ_DESC_F_INDIRECT
- * flag within an indirect descriptor (ie. only one
- * table per descriptor).
- */
- if (desc != vq->vring.desc)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Indirect within indirect");
-
- /*
- * Proposed update VIRTIO-134 spells this out:
- *
- * A driver MUST NOT set both VIRTQ_DESC_F_INDIRECT
- * and VIRTQ_DESC_F_NEXT in flags.
- */
- if (desc[i].flags & VRING_DESC_F_NEXT)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "indirect and next together");
-
- if (desc[i].len % sizeof(struct vring_desc))
- bad_driver_vq(vq,
- "Invalid size for indirect table");
- /*
- * 2.4.5.3.2:
- *
- * The device MUST ignore the write-only flag
- * (flags&VIRTQ_DESC_F_WRITE) in the descriptor that
- * refers to an indirect table.
- *
- * We ignore it here: :)
- */
-
- max = desc[i].len / sizeof(struct vring_desc);
- desc = check_pointer(vq->dev, desc[i].addr, desc[i].len);
- i = 0;
-
- /* 2.4.5.3.1:
- *
- * A driver MUST NOT create a descriptor chain longer
- * than the Queue Size of the device.
- */
- if (max > vq->pci_config.queue_size)
- bad_driver_vq(vq,
- "indirect has too many entries");
- }
-
- /* Grab the first descriptor, and check it's OK. */
- iov[*out_num + *in_num].iov_len = desc[i].len;
- iov[*out_num + *in_num].iov_base
- = check_pointer(vq->dev, desc[i].addr, desc[i].len);
- /* If this is an input descriptor, increment that count. */
- if (desc[i].flags & VRING_DESC_F_WRITE)
- (*in_num)++;
- else {
- /*
- * If it's an output descriptor, they're all supposed
- * to come before any input descriptors.
- */
- if (*in_num)
- bad_driver_vq(vq,
- "Descriptor has out after in");
- (*out_num)++;
- }
-
- /* If we've got too many, that implies a descriptor loop. */
- if (*out_num + *in_num > max)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Looped descriptor");
- } while ((i = next_desc(vq->dev, desc, i, max)) != max);
-
- return head;
-}
-
-/*
- * After we've used one of their buffers, we tell the Guest about it. Sometime
- * later we'll want to send them an interrupt using trigger_irq(); note that
- * wait_for_vq_desc() does that for us if it has to wait.
- */
-static void add_used(struct virtqueue *vq, unsigned int head, int len)
-{
- struct vring_used_elem *used;
-
- /*
- * The virtqueue contains a ring of used buffers. Get a pointer to the
- * next entry in that used ring.
- */
- used = &vq->vring.used->ring[vq->vring.used->idx % vq->vring.num];
- used->id = head;
- used->len = len;
- /* Make sure buffer is written before we update index. */
- wmb();
- vq->vring.used->idx++;
- vq->pending_used++;
-}
-
-/* And here's the combo meal deal. Supersize me! */
-static void add_used_and_trigger(struct virtqueue *vq, unsigned head, int len)
-{
- add_used(vq, head, len);
- trigger_irq(vq);
-}
-
-/*
- * The Console
- *
- * We associate some data with the console for our exit hack.
- */
-struct console_abort {
- /* How many times have they hit ^C? */
- int count;
- /* When did they start? */
- struct timeval start;
-};
-
-/* This is the routine which handles console input (ie. stdin). */
-static void console_input(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- int len;
- unsigned int head, in_num, out_num;
- struct console_abort *abort = vq->dev->priv;
- struct iovec iov[vq->vring.num];
-
- /* Make sure there's a descriptor available. */
- head = wait_for_vq_desc(vq, iov, &out_num, &in_num);
- if (out_num)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Output buffers in console in queue?");
-
- /* Read into it. This is where we usually wait. */
- len = readv(STDIN_FILENO, iov, in_num);
- if (len <= 0) {
- /* Ran out of input? */
- warnx("Failed to get console input, ignoring console.");
- /*
- * For simplicity, dying threads kill the whole Launcher. So
- * just nap here.
- */
- for (;;)
- pause();
- }
-
- /* Tell the Guest we used a buffer. */
- add_used_and_trigger(vq, head, len);
-
- /*
- * Three ^C within one second? Exit.
- *
- * This is such a hack, but works surprisingly well. Each ^C has to
- * be in a buffer by itself, so they can't be too fast. But we check
- * that we get three within about a second, so they can't be too
- * slow.
- */
- if (len != 1 || ((char *)iov[0].iov_base)[0] != 3) {
- abort->count = 0;
- return;
- }
-
- abort->count++;
- if (abort->count == 1)
- gettimeofday(&abort->start, NULL);
- else if (abort->count == 3) {
- struct timeval now;
- gettimeofday(&now, NULL);
- /* Kill all Launcher processes with SIGINT, like normal ^C */
- if (now.tv_sec <= abort->start.tv_sec+1)
- kill(0, SIGINT);
- abort->count = 0;
- }
-}
-
-/* This is the routine which handles console output (ie. stdout). */
-static void console_output(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- unsigned int head, out, in;
- struct iovec iov[vq->vring.num];
-
- /* We usually wait in here, for the Guest to give us something. */
- head = wait_for_vq_desc(vq, iov, &out, &in);
- if (in)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Input buffers in console output queue?");
-
- /* writev can return a partial write, so we loop here. */
- while (!iov_empty(iov, out)) {
- int len = writev(STDOUT_FILENO, iov, out);
- if (len <= 0) {
- warn("Write to stdout gave %i (%d)", len, errno);
- break;
- }
- iov_consume(vq->dev, iov, out, NULL, len);
- }
-
- /*
- * We're finished with that buffer: if we're going to sleep,
- * wait_for_vq_desc() will prod the Guest with an interrupt.
- */
- add_used(vq, head, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * The Network
- *
- * Handling output for network is also simple: we get all the output buffers
- * and write them to /dev/net/tun.
- */
-struct net_info {
- int tunfd;
-};
-
-static void net_output(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- struct net_info *net_info = vq->dev->priv;
- unsigned int head, out, in;
- struct iovec iov[vq->vring.num];
-
- /* We usually wait in here for the Guest to give us a packet. */
- head = wait_for_vq_desc(vq, iov, &out, &in);
- if (in)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Input buffers in net output queue?");
- /*
- * Send the whole thing through to /dev/net/tun. It expects the exact
- * same format: what a coincidence!
- */
- if (writev(net_info->tunfd, iov, out) < 0)
- warnx("Write to tun failed (%d)?", errno);
-
- /*
- * Done with that one; wait_for_vq_desc() will send the interrupt if
- * all packets are processed.
- */
- add_used(vq, head, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * Handling network input is a bit trickier, because I've tried to optimize it.
- *
- * First we have a helper routine which tells is if from this file descriptor
- * (ie. the /dev/net/tun device) will block:
- */
-static bool will_block(int fd)
-{
- fd_set fdset;
- struct timeval zero = { 0, 0 };
- FD_ZERO(&fdset);
- FD_SET(fd, &fdset);
- return select(fd+1, &fdset, NULL, NULL, &zero) != 1;
-}
-
-/*
- * This handles packets coming in from the tun device to our Guest. Like all
- * service routines, it gets called again as soon as it returns, so you don't
- * see a while(1) loop here.
- */
-static void net_input(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- int len;
- unsigned int head, out, in;
- struct iovec iov[vq->vring.num];
- struct net_info *net_info = vq->dev->priv;
-
- /*
- * Get a descriptor to write an incoming packet into. This will also
- * send an interrupt if they're out of descriptors.
- */
- head = wait_for_vq_desc(vq, iov, &out, &in);
- if (out)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Output buffers in net input queue?");
-
- /*
- * If it looks like we'll block reading from the tun device, send them
- * an interrupt.
- */
- if (vq->pending_used && will_block(net_info->tunfd))
- trigger_irq(vq);
-
- /*
- * Read in the packet. This is where we normally wait (when there's no
- * incoming network traffic).
- */
- len = readv(net_info->tunfd, iov, in);
- if (len <= 0)
- warn("Failed to read from tun (%d).", errno);
-
- /*
- * Mark that packet buffer as used, but don't interrupt here. We want
- * to wait until we've done as much work as we can.
- */
- add_used(vq, head, len);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/* This is the helper to create threads: run the service routine in a loop. */
-static int do_thread(void *_vq)
-{
- struct virtqueue *vq = _vq;
-
- for (;;)
- vq->service(vq);
- return 0;
-}
-
-/*
- * When a child dies, we kill our entire process group with SIGTERM. This
- * also has the side effect that the shell restores the console for us!
- */
-static void kill_launcher(int signal)
-{
- kill(0, SIGTERM);
-}
-
-static void reset_vq_pci_config(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- vq->pci_config.queue_size = VIRTQUEUE_NUM;
- vq->pci_config.queue_enable = 0;
-}
-
-static void reset_device(struct device *dev)
-{
- struct virtqueue *vq;
-
- verbose("Resetting device %s\n", dev->name);
-
- /* Clear any features they've acked. */
- dev->features_accepted = 0;
-
- /* We're going to be explicitly killing threads, so ignore them. */
- signal(SIGCHLD, SIG_IGN);
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present a 0 in queue_enable on reset.
- *
- * This means we set it here, and reset the saved ones in every vq.
- */
- dev->mmio->cfg.queue_enable = 0;
-
- /* Get rid of the virtqueue threads */
- for (vq = dev->vq; vq; vq = vq->next) {
- vq->last_avail_idx = 0;
- reset_vq_pci_config(vq);
- if (vq->thread != (pid_t)-1) {
- kill(vq->thread, SIGTERM);
- waitpid(vq->thread, NULL, 0);
- vq->thread = (pid_t)-1;
- }
- }
- dev->running = false;
- dev->wrote_features_ok = false;
-
- /* Now we care if threads die. */
- signal(SIGCHLD, (void *)kill_launcher);
-}
-
-static void cleanup_devices(void)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = 1; i < MAX_PCI_DEVICES; i++) {
- struct device *d = devices.pci[i];
- if (!d)
- continue;
- reset_device(d);
- }
-
- /* If we saved off the original terminal settings, restore them now. */
- if (orig_term.c_lflag & (ISIG|ICANON|ECHO))
- tcsetattr(STDIN_FILENO, TCSANOW, &orig_term);
-}
-
-/*L:217
- * We do PCI. This is mainly done to let us test the kernel virtio PCI
- * code.
- */
-
-/* Linux expects a PCI host bridge: ours is a dummy, and first on the bus. */
-static struct device pci_host_bridge;
-
-static void init_pci_host_bridge(void)
-{
- pci_host_bridge.name = "PCI Host Bridge";
- pci_host_bridge.config.class = 0x06; /* bridge */
- pci_host_bridge.config.subclass = 0; /* host bridge */
- devices.pci[0] = &pci_host_bridge;
-}
-
-/* The IO ports used to read the PCI config space. */
-#define PCI_CONFIG_ADDR 0xCF8
-#define PCI_CONFIG_DATA 0xCFC
-
-/*
- * Not really portable, but does help readability: this is what the Guest
- * writes to the PCI_CONFIG_ADDR IO port.
- */
-union pci_config_addr {
- struct {
- unsigned mbz: 2;
- unsigned offset: 6;
- unsigned funcnum: 3;
- unsigned devnum: 5;
- unsigned busnum: 8;
- unsigned reserved: 7;
- unsigned enabled : 1;
- } bits;
- u32 val;
-};
-
-/*
- * We cache what they wrote to the address port, so we know what they're
- * talking about when they access the data port.
- */
-static union pci_config_addr pci_config_addr;
-
-static struct device *find_pci_device(unsigned int index)
-{
- return devices.pci[index];
-}
-
-/* PCI can do 1, 2 and 4 byte reads; we handle that here. */
-static void ioread(u16 off, u32 v, u32 mask, u32 *val)
-{
- assert(off < 4);
- assert(mask == 0xFF || mask == 0xFFFF || mask == 0xFFFFFFFF);
- *val = (v >> (off * 8)) & mask;
-}
-
-/* PCI can do 1, 2 and 4 byte writes; we handle that here. */
-static void iowrite(u16 off, u32 v, u32 mask, u32 *dst)
-{
- assert(off < 4);
- assert(mask == 0xFF || mask == 0xFFFF || mask == 0xFFFFFFFF);
- *dst &= ~(mask << (off * 8));
- *dst |= (v & mask) << (off * 8);
-}
-
-/*
- * Where PCI_CONFIG_DATA accesses depends on the previous write to
- * PCI_CONFIG_ADDR.
- */
-static struct device *dev_and_reg(u32 *reg)
-{
- if (!pci_config_addr.bits.enabled)
- return NULL;
-
- if (pci_config_addr.bits.funcnum != 0)
- return NULL;
-
- if (pci_config_addr.bits.busnum != 0)
- return NULL;
-
- if (pci_config_addr.bits.offset * 4 >= sizeof(struct pci_config))
- return NULL;
-
- *reg = pci_config_addr.bits.offset;
- return find_pci_device(pci_config_addr.bits.devnum);
-}
-
-/*
- * We can get invalid combinations of values while they're writing, so we
- * only fault if they try to write with some invalid bar/offset/length.
- */
-static bool valid_bar_access(struct device *d,
- struct virtio_pci_cfg_cap_u32 *cfg_access)
-{
- /* We only have 1 bar (BAR0) */
- if (cfg_access->cap.bar != 0)
- return false;
-
- /* Check it's within BAR0. */
- if (cfg_access->cap.offset >= d->mmio_size
- || cfg_access->cap.offset + cfg_access->cap.length > d->mmio_size)
- return false;
-
- /* Check length is 1, 2 or 4. */
- if (cfg_access->cap.length != 1
- && cfg_access->cap.length != 2
- && cfg_access->cap.length != 4)
- return false;
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.7.2:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT write a cap.offset which is not a multiple of
- * cap.length (ie. all accesses MUST be aligned).
- */
- if (cfg_access->cap.offset % cfg_access->cap.length != 0)
- return false;
-
- /* Return pointer into word in BAR0. */
- return true;
-}
-
-/* Is this accessing the PCI config address port?. */
-static bool is_pci_addr_port(u16 port)
-{
- return port >= PCI_CONFIG_ADDR && port < PCI_CONFIG_ADDR + 4;
-}
-
-static bool pci_addr_iowrite(u16 port, u32 mask, u32 val)
-{
- iowrite(port - PCI_CONFIG_ADDR, val, mask,
- &pci_config_addr.val);
- verbose("PCI%s: %#x/%x: bus %u dev %u func %u reg %u\n",
- pci_config_addr.bits.enabled ? "" : " DISABLED",
- val, mask,
- pci_config_addr.bits.busnum,
- pci_config_addr.bits.devnum,
- pci_config_addr.bits.funcnum,
- pci_config_addr.bits.offset);
- return true;
-}
-
-static void pci_addr_ioread(u16 port, u32 mask, u32 *val)
-{
- ioread(port - PCI_CONFIG_ADDR, pci_config_addr.val, mask, val);
-}
-
-/* Is this accessing the PCI config data port?. */
-static bool is_pci_data_port(u16 port)
-{
- return port >= PCI_CONFIG_DATA && port < PCI_CONFIG_DATA + 4;
-}
-
-static void emulate_mmio_write(struct device *d, u32 off, u32 val, u32 mask);
-
-static bool pci_data_iowrite(u16 port, u32 mask, u32 val)
-{
- u32 reg, portoff;
- struct device *d = dev_and_reg(&reg);
-
- /* Complain if they don't belong to a device. */
- if (!d)
- return false;
-
- /* They can do 1 byte writes, etc. */
- portoff = port - PCI_CONFIG_DATA;
-
- /*
- * PCI uses a weird way to determine the BAR size: the OS
- * writes all 1's, and sees which ones stick.
- */
- if (&d->config_words[reg] == &d->config.bar[0]) {
- int i;
-
- iowrite(portoff, val, mask, &d->config.bar[0]);
- for (i = 0; (1 << i) < d->mmio_size; i++)
- d->config.bar[0] &= ~(1 << i);
- return true;
- } else if ((&d->config_words[reg] > &d->config.bar[0]
- && &d->config_words[reg] <= &d->config.bar[6])
- || &d->config_words[reg] == &d->config.expansion_rom_addr) {
- /* Allow writing to any other BAR, or expansion ROM */
- iowrite(portoff, val, mask, &d->config_words[reg]);
- return true;
- /* We let them override latency timer and cacheline size */
- } else if (&d->config_words[reg] == (void *)&d->config.cacheline_size) {
- /* Only let them change the first two fields. */
- if (mask == 0xFFFFFFFF)
- mask = 0xFFFF;
- iowrite(portoff, val, mask, &d->config_words[reg]);
- return true;
- } else if (&d->config_words[reg] == (void *)&d->config.command
- && mask == 0xFFFF) {
- /* Ignore command writes. */
- return true;
- } else if (&d->config_words[reg]
- == (void *)&d->config.cfg_access.cap.bar
- || &d->config_words[reg]
- == &d->config.cfg_access.cap.length
- || &d->config_words[reg]
- == &d->config.cfg_access.cap.offset) {
-
- /*
- * The VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_PCI_CFG capability
- * provides a backdoor to access the MMIO
- * regions without mapping them. Weird, but
- * useful.
- */
- iowrite(portoff, val, mask, &d->config_words[reg]);
- return true;
- } else if (&d->config_words[reg] == &d->config.cfg_access.pci_cfg_data) {
- u32 write_mask;
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.7.1:
- *
- * Upon detecting driver write access to pci_cfg_data, the
- * device MUST execute a write access at offset cap.offset at
- * BAR selected by cap.bar using the first cap.length bytes
- * from pci_cfg_data.
- */
-
- /* Must be bar 0 */
- if (!valid_bar_access(d, &d->config.cfg_access))
- return false;
-
- iowrite(portoff, val, mask, &d->config.cfg_access.pci_cfg_data);
-
- /*
- * Now emulate a write. The mask we use is set by
- * len, *not* this write!
- */
- write_mask = (1ULL<<(8*d->config.cfg_access.cap.length)) - 1;
- verbose("Window writing %#x/%#x to bar %u, offset %u len %u\n",
- d->config.cfg_access.pci_cfg_data, write_mask,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.bar,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.offset,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.length);
-
- emulate_mmio_write(d, d->config.cfg_access.cap.offset,
- d->config.cfg_access.pci_cfg_data,
- write_mask);
- return true;
- }
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT write into any field of the capability
- * structure, with the exception of those with cap_type
- * VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_PCI_CFG...
- */
- return false;
-}
-
-static u32 emulate_mmio_read(struct device *d, u32 off, u32 mask);
-
-static void pci_data_ioread(u16 port, u32 mask, u32 *val)
-{
- u32 reg;
- struct device *d = dev_and_reg(&reg);
-
- if (!d)
- return;
-
- /* Read through the PCI MMIO access window is special */
- if (&d->config_words[reg] == &d->config.cfg_access.pci_cfg_data) {
- u32 read_mask;
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.7.1:
- *
- * Upon detecting driver read access to pci_cfg_data, the
- * device MUST execute a read access of length cap.length at
- * offset cap.offset at BAR selected by cap.bar and store the
- * first cap.length bytes in pci_cfg_data.
- */
- /* Must be bar 0 */
- if (!valid_bar_access(d, &d->config.cfg_access))
- bad_driver(d,
- "Invalid cfg_access to bar%u, offset %u len %u",
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.bar,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.offset,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.length);
-
- /*
- * Read into the window. The mask we use is set by
- * len, *not* this read!
- */
- read_mask = (1ULL<<(8*d->config.cfg_access.cap.length))-1;
- d->config.cfg_access.pci_cfg_data
- = emulate_mmio_read(d,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.offset,
- read_mask);
- verbose("Window read %#x/%#x from bar %u, offset %u len %u\n",
- d->config.cfg_access.pci_cfg_data, read_mask,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.bar,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.offset,
- d->config.cfg_access.cap.length);
- }
- ioread(port - PCI_CONFIG_DATA, d->config_words[reg], mask, val);
-}
-
-/*L:216
- * This is where we emulate a handful of Guest instructions. It's ugly
- * and we used to do it in the kernel but it grew over time.
- */
-
-/*
- * We use the ptrace syscall's pt_regs struct to talk about registers
- * to lguest: these macros convert the names to the offsets.
- */
-#define getreg(name) getreg_off(offsetof(struct user_regs_struct, name))
-#define setreg(name, val) \
- setreg_off(offsetof(struct user_regs_struct, name), (val))
-
-static u32 getreg_off(size_t offset)
-{
- u32 r;
- unsigned long args[] = { LHREQ_GETREG, offset };
-
- if (pwrite(lguest_fd, args, sizeof(args), cpu_id) < 0)
- err(1, "Getting register %u", offset);
- if (pread(lguest_fd, &r, sizeof(r), cpu_id) != sizeof(r))
- err(1, "Reading register %u", offset);
-
- return r;
-}
-
-static void setreg_off(size_t offset, u32 val)
-{
- unsigned long args[] = { LHREQ_SETREG, offset, val };
-
- if (pwrite(lguest_fd, args, sizeof(args), cpu_id) < 0)
- err(1, "Setting register %u", offset);
-}
-
-/* Get register by instruction encoding */
-static u32 getreg_num(unsigned regnum, u32 mask)
-{
- /* 8 bit ops use regnums 4-7 for high parts of word */
- if (mask == 0xFF && (regnum & 0x4))
- return getreg_num(regnum & 0x3, 0xFFFF) >> 8;
-
- switch (regnum) {
- case 0: return getreg(eax) & mask;
- case 1: return getreg(ecx) & mask;
- case 2: return getreg(edx) & mask;
- case 3: return getreg(ebx) & mask;
- case 4: return getreg(esp) & mask;
- case 5: return getreg(ebp) & mask;
- case 6: return getreg(esi) & mask;
- case 7: return getreg(edi) & mask;
- }
- abort();
-}
-
-/* Set register by instruction encoding */
-static void setreg_num(unsigned regnum, u32 val, u32 mask)
-{
- /* Don't try to set bits out of range */
- assert(~(val & ~mask));
-
- /* 8 bit ops use regnums 4-7 for high parts of word */
- if (mask == 0xFF && (regnum & 0x4)) {
- /* Construct the 16 bits we want. */
- val = (val << 8) | getreg_num(regnum & 0x3, 0xFF);
- setreg_num(regnum & 0x3, val, 0xFFFF);
- return;
- }
-
- switch (regnum) {
- case 0: setreg(eax, val | (getreg(eax) & ~mask)); return;
- case 1: setreg(ecx, val | (getreg(ecx) & ~mask)); return;
- case 2: setreg(edx, val | (getreg(edx) & ~mask)); return;
- case 3: setreg(ebx, val | (getreg(ebx) & ~mask)); return;
- case 4: setreg(esp, val | (getreg(esp) & ~mask)); return;
- case 5: setreg(ebp, val | (getreg(ebp) & ~mask)); return;
- case 6: setreg(esi, val | (getreg(esi) & ~mask)); return;
- case 7: setreg(edi, val | (getreg(edi) & ~mask)); return;
- }
- abort();
-}
-
-/* Get bytes of displacement appended to instruction, from r/m encoding */
-static u32 insn_displacement_len(u8 mod_reg_rm)
-{
- /* Switch on the mod bits */
- switch (mod_reg_rm >> 6) {
- case 0:
- /* If mod == 0, and r/m == 101, 16-bit displacement follows */
- if ((mod_reg_rm & 0x7) == 0x5)
- return 2;
- /* Normally, mod == 0 means no literal displacement */
- return 0;
- case 1:
- /* One byte displacement */
- return 1;
- case 2:
- /* Four byte displacement */
- return 4;
- case 3:
- /* Register mode */
- return 0;
- }
- abort();
-}
-
-static void emulate_insn(const u8 insn[])
-{
- unsigned long args[] = { LHREQ_TRAP, 13 };
- unsigned int insnlen = 0, in = 0, small_operand = 0, byte_access;
- unsigned int eax, port, mask;
- /*
- * Default is to return all-ones on IO port reads, which traditionally
- * means "there's nothing there".
- */
- u32 val = 0xFFFFFFFF;
-
- /*
- * This must be the Guest kernel trying to do something, not userspace!
- * The bottom two bits of the CS segment register are the privilege
- * level.
- */
- if ((getreg(xcs) & 3) != 0x1)
- goto no_emulate;
-
- /* Decoding x86 instructions is icky. */
-
- /*
- * Around 2.6.33, the kernel started using an emulation for the
- * cmpxchg8b instruction in early boot on many configurations. This
- * code isn't paravirtualized, and it tries to disable interrupts.
- * Ignore it, which will Mostly Work.
- */
- if (insn[insnlen] == 0xfa) {
- /* "cli", or Clear Interrupt Enable instruction. Skip it. */
- insnlen = 1;
- goto skip_insn;
- }
-
- /*
- * 0x66 is an "operand prefix". It means a 16, not 32 bit in/out.
- */
- if (insn[insnlen] == 0x66) {
- small_operand = 1;
- /* The instruction is 1 byte so far, read the next byte. */
- insnlen = 1;
- }
-
- /* If the lower bit isn't set, it's a single byte access */
- byte_access = !(insn[insnlen] & 1);
-
- /*
- * Now we can ignore the lower bit and decode the 4 opcodes
- * we need to emulate.
- */
- switch (insn[insnlen] & 0xFE) {
- case 0xE4: /* in <next byte>,%al */
- port = insn[insnlen+1];
- insnlen += 2;
- in = 1;
- break;
- case 0xEC: /* in (%dx),%al */
- port = getreg(edx) & 0xFFFF;
- insnlen += 1;
- in = 1;
- break;
- case 0xE6: /* out %al,<next byte> */
- port = insn[insnlen+1];
- insnlen += 2;
- break;
- case 0xEE: /* out %al,(%dx) */
- port = getreg(edx) & 0xFFFF;
- insnlen += 1;
- break;
- default:
- /* OK, we don't know what this is, can't emulate. */
- goto no_emulate;
- }
-
- /* Set a mask of the 1, 2 or 4 bytes, depending on size of IO */
- if (byte_access)
- mask = 0xFF;
- else if (small_operand)
- mask = 0xFFFF;
- else
- mask = 0xFFFFFFFF;
-
- /*
- * If it was an "IN" instruction, they expect the result to be read
- * into %eax, so we change %eax.
- */
- eax = getreg(eax);
-
- if (in) {
- /* This is the PS/2 keyboard status; 1 means ready for output */
- if (port == 0x64)
- val = 1;
- else if (is_pci_addr_port(port))
- pci_addr_ioread(port, mask, &val);
- else if (is_pci_data_port(port))
- pci_data_ioread(port, mask, &val);
-
- /* Clear the bits we're about to read */
- eax &= ~mask;
- /* Copy bits in from val. */
- eax |= val & mask;
- /* Now update the register. */
- setreg(eax, eax);
- } else {
- if (is_pci_addr_port(port)) {
- if (!pci_addr_iowrite(port, mask, eax))
- goto bad_io;
- } else if (is_pci_data_port(port)) {
- if (!pci_data_iowrite(port, mask, eax))
- goto bad_io;
- }
- /* There are many other ports, eg. CMOS clock, serial
- * and parallel ports, so we ignore them all. */
- }
-
- verbose("IO %s of %x to %u: %#08x\n",
- in ? "IN" : "OUT", mask, port, eax);
-skip_insn:
- /* Finally, we've "done" the instruction, so move past it. */
- setreg(eip, getreg(eip) + insnlen);
- return;
-
-bad_io:
- warnx("Attempt to %s port %u (%#x mask)",
- in ? "read from" : "write to", port, mask);
-
-no_emulate:
- /* Inject trap into Guest. */
- if (write(lguest_fd, args, sizeof(args)) < 0)
- err(1, "Reinjecting trap 13 for fault at %#x", getreg(eip));
-}
-
-static struct device *find_mmio_region(unsigned long paddr, u32 *off)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- for (i = 1; i < MAX_PCI_DEVICES; i++) {
- struct device *d = devices.pci[i];
-
- if (!d)
- continue;
- if (paddr < d->mmio_addr)
- continue;
- if (paddr >= d->mmio_addr + d->mmio_size)
- continue;
- *off = paddr - d->mmio_addr;
- return d;
- }
- return NULL;
-}
-
-/* FIXME: Use vq array. */
-static struct virtqueue *vq_by_num(struct device *d, u32 num)
-{
- struct virtqueue *vq = d->vq;
-
- while (num-- && vq)
- vq = vq->next;
-
- return vq;
-}
-
-static void save_vq_config(const struct virtio_pci_common_cfg *cfg,
- struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- vq->pci_config = *cfg;
-}
-
-static void restore_vq_config(struct virtio_pci_common_cfg *cfg,
- struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- /* Only restore the per-vq part */
- size_t off = offsetof(struct virtio_pci_common_cfg, queue_size);
-
- memcpy((void *)cfg + off, (void *)&vq->pci_config + off,
- sizeof(*cfg) - off);
-}
-
-/*
- * 4.1.4.3.2:
- *
- * The driver MUST configure the other virtqueue fields before
- * enabling the virtqueue with queue_enable.
- *
- * When they enable the virtqueue, we check that their setup is valid.
- */
-static void check_virtqueue(struct device *d, struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- /* Because lguest is 32 bit, all the descriptor high bits must be 0 */
- if (vq->pci_config.queue_desc_hi
- || vq->pci_config.queue_avail_hi
- || vq->pci_config.queue_used_hi)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "invalid 64-bit queue address");
-
- /*
- * 2.4.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST ensure that the physical address of the first byte
- * of each virtqueue part is a multiple of the specified alignment
- * value in the above table.
- */
- if (vq->pci_config.queue_desc_lo % 16
- || vq->pci_config.queue_avail_lo % 2
- || vq->pci_config.queue_used_lo % 4)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "invalid alignment in queue addresses");
-
- /* Initialize the virtqueue and check they're all in range. */
- vq->vring.num = vq->pci_config.queue_size;
- vq->vring.desc = check_pointer(vq->dev,
- vq->pci_config.queue_desc_lo,
- sizeof(*vq->vring.desc) * vq->vring.num);
- vq->vring.avail = check_pointer(vq->dev,
- vq->pci_config.queue_avail_lo,
- sizeof(*vq->vring.avail)
- + (sizeof(vq->vring.avail->ring[0])
- * vq->vring.num));
- vq->vring.used = check_pointer(vq->dev,
- vq->pci_config.queue_used_lo,
- sizeof(*vq->vring.used)
- + (sizeof(vq->vring.used->ring[0])
- * vq->vring.num));
-
- /*
- * 2.4.9.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST initialize flags in the used ring to 0
- * when allocating the used ring.
- */
- if (vq->vring.used->flags != 0)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "invalid initial used.flags %#x",
- vq->vring.used->flags);
-}
-
-static void start_virtqueue(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- /*
- * Create stack for thread. Since the stack grows upwards, we point
- * the stack pointer to the end of this region.
- */
- char *stack = malloc(32768);
-
- /* Create a zero-initialized eventfd. */
- vq->eventfd = eventfd(0, 0);
- if (vq->eventfd < 0)
- err(1, "Creating eventfd");
-
- /*
- * CLONE_VM: because it has to access the Guest memory, and SIGCHLD so
- * we get a signal if it dies.
- */
- vq->thread = clone(do_thread, stack + 32768, CLONE_VM | SIGCHLD, vq);
- if (vq->thread == (pid_t)-1)
- err(1, "Creating clone");
-}
-
-static void start_virtqueues(struct device *d)
-{
- struct virtqueue *vq;
-
- for (vq = d->vq; vq; vq = vq->next) {
- if (vq->pci_config.queue_enable)
- start_virtqueue(vq);
- }
-}
-
-static void emulate_mmio_write(struct device *d, u32 off, u32 val, u32 mask)
-{
- struct virtqueue *vq;
-
- switch (off) {
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.device_feature_select):
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present the feature bits it is offering in
- * device_feature, starting at bit device_feature_select ∗ 32
- * for any device_feature_select written by the driver
- */
- if (val == 0)
- d->mmio->cfg.device_feature = d->features;
- else if (val == 1)
- d->mmio->cfg.device_feature = (d->features >> 32);
- else
- d->mmio->cfg.device_feature = 0;
- goto feature_write_through32;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.guest_feature_select):
- if (val > 1)
- bad_driver(d, "Unexpected driver select %u", val);
- goto feature_write_through32;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.guest_feature):
- if (d->mmio->cfg.guest_feature_select == 0) {
- d->features_accepted &= ~((u64)0xFFFFFFFF);
- d->features_accepted |= val;
- } else {
- assert(d->mmio->cfg.guest_feature_select == 1);
- d->features_accepted &= 0xFFFFFFFF;
- d->features_accepted |= ((u64)val) << 32;
- }
- /*
- * 2.2.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT accept a feature which the device did
- * not offer
- */
- if (d->features_accepted & ~d->features)
- bad_driver(d, "over-accepted features %#llx of %#llx",
- d->features_accepted, d->features);
- goto feature_write_through32;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.device_status): {
- u8 prev;
-
- verbose("%s: device status -> %#x\n", d->name, val);
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.1:
- *
- * The device MUST reset when 0 is written to device_status,
- * and present a 0 in device_status once that is done.
- */
- if (val == 0) {
- reset_device(d);
- goto write_through8;
- }
-
- /* 2.1.1: The driver MUST NOT clear a device status bit. */
- if (d->mmio->cfg.device_status & ~val)
- bad_driver(d, "unset of device status bit %#x -> %#x",
- d->mmio->cfg.device_status, val);
-
- /*
- * 2.1.2:
- *
- * The device MUST NOT consume buffers or notify the driver
- * before DRIVER_OK.
- */
- if (val & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK
- && !(d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK))
- start_virtqueues(d);
-
- /*
- * 3.1.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST follow this sequence to initialize a device:
- * - Reset the device.
- * - Set the ACKNOWLEDGE status bit: the guest OS has
- * notice the device.
- * - Set the DRIVER status bit: the guest OS knows how
- * to drive the device.
- * - Read device feature bits, and write the subset
- * of feature bits understood by the OS and driver
- * to the device. During this step the driver MAY
- * read (but MUST NOT write) the device-specific
- * configuration fields to check that it can
- * support the device before accepting it.
- * - Set the FEATURES_OK status bit. The driver
- * MUST not accept new feature bits after this
- * step.
- * - Re-read device status to ensure the FEATURES_OK
- * bit is still set: otherwise, the device does
- * not support our subset of features and the
- * device is unusable.
- * - Perform device-specific setup, including
- * discovery of virtqueues for the device,
- * optional per-bus setup, reading and possibly
- * writing the device’s virtio configuration
- * space, and population of virtqueues.
- * - Set the DRIVER_OK status bit. At this point the
- * device is “live”.
- */
- prev = 0;
- switch (val & ~d->mmio->cfg.device_status) {
- case VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK:
- prev |= VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK; /* fall thru */
- case VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK:
- prev |= VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER; /* fall thru */
- case VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER:
- prev |= VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_ACKNOWLEDGE; /* fall thru */
- case VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_ACKNOWLEDGE:
- break;
- default:
- bad_driver(d, "unknown device status bit %#x -> %#x",
- d->mmio->cfg.device_status, val);
- }
- if (d->mmio->cfg.device_status != prev)
- bad_driver(d, "unexpected status transition %#x -> %#x",
- d->mmio->cfg.device_status, val);
-
- /* If they just wrote FEATURES_OK, we make sure they read */
- switch (val & ~d->mmio->cfg.device_status) {
- case VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK:
- d->wrote_features_ok = true;
- break;
- case VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK:
- if (d->wrote_features_ok)
- bad_driver(d, "did not re-read FEATURES_OK");
- break;
- }
- goto write_through8;
- }
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_select):
- vq = vq_by_num(d, val);
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present a 0 in queue_size if the virtqueue
- * corresponding to the current queue_select is unavailable.
- */
- if (!vq) {
- d->mmio->cfg.queue_size = 0;
- goto write_through16;
- }
- /* Save registers for old vq, if it was a valid vq */
- if (d->mmio->cfg.queue_size)
- save_vq_config(&d->mmio->cfg,
- vq_by_num(d, d->mmio->cfg.queue_select));
- /* Restore the registers for the queue they asked for */
- restore_vq_config(&d->mmio->cfg, vq);
- goto write_through16;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_size):
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.2:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT write a value which is not a power of 2
- * to queue_size.
- */
- if (val & (val-1))
- bad_driver(d, "invalid queue size %u", val);
- if (d->mmio->cfg.queue_enable)
- bad_driver(d, "changing queue size on live device");
- goto write_through16;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_msix_vector):
- bad_driver(d, "attempt to set MSIX vector to %u", val);
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_enable): {
- struct virtqueue *vq = vq_by_num(d, d->mmio->cfg.queue_select);
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.2:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT write a 0 to queue_enable.
- */
- if (val != 1)
- bad_driver(d, "setting queue_enable to %u", val);
-
- /*
- * 3.1.1:
- *
- * 7. Perform device-specific setup, including discovery of
- * virtqueues for the device, optional per-bus setup,
- * reading and possibly writing the device’s virtio
- * configuration space, and population of virtqueues.
- * 8. Set the DRIVER_OK status bit.
- *
- * All our devices require all virtqueues to be enabled, so
- * they should have done that before setting DRIVER_OK.
- */
- if (d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK)
- bad_driver(d, "enabling vq after DRIVER_OK");
-
- d->mmio->cfg.queue_enable = val;
- save_vq_config(&d->mmio->cfg, vq);
- check_virtqueue(d, vq);
- goto write_through16;
- }
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_notify_off):
- bad_driver(d, "attempt to write to queue_notify_off");
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_desc_lo):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_desc_hi):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_avail_lo):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_avail_hi):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_used_lo):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.queue_used_hi):
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.2:
- *
- * The driver MUST configure the other virtqueue fields before
- * enabling the virtqueue with queue_enable.
- */
- if (d->mmio->cfg.queue_enable)
- bad_driver(d, "changing queue on live device");
-
- /*
- * 3.1.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST follow this sequence to initialize a device:
- *...
- * 5. Set the FEATURES_OK status bit. The driver MUST not
- * accept new feature bits after this step.
- */
- if (!(d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK))
- bad_driver(d, "setting up vq before FEATURES_OK");
-
- /*
- * 6. Re-read device status to ensure the FEATURES_OK bit is
- * still set...
- */
- if (d->wrote_features_ok)
- bad_driver(d, "didn't re-read FEATURES_OK before setup");
-
- goto write_through32;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, notify):
- vq = vq_by_num(d, val);
- if (!vq)
- bad_driver(d, "Invalid vq notification on %u", val);
- /* Notify the process handling this vq by adding 1 to eventfd */
- write(vq->eventfd, "\1\0\0\0\0\0\0\0", 8);
- goto write_through16;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, isr):
- bad_driver(d, "Unexpected write to isr");
- /* Weird corner case: write to emerg_wr of console */
- case sizeof(struct virtio_pci_mmio)
- + offsetof(struct virtio_console_config, emerg_wr):
- if (strcmp(d->name, "console") == 0) {
- char c = val;
- write(STDOUT_FILENO, &c, 1);
- goto write_through32;
- }
- /* Fall through... */
- default:
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.2:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT write to device_feature, num_queues,
- * config_generation or queue_notify_off.
- */
- bad_driver(d, "Unexpected write to offset %u", off);
- }
-
-feature_write_through32:
- /*
- * 3.1.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST follow this sequence to initialize a device:
- *...
- * - Set the DRIVER status bit: the guest OS knows how
- * to drive the device.
- * - Read device feature bits, and write the subset
- * of feature bits understood by the OS and driver
- * to the device.
- *...
- * - Set the FEATURES_OK status bit. The driver MUST not
- * accept new feature bits after this step.
- */
- if (!(d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER))
- bad_driver(d, "feature write before VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER");
- if (d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK)
- bad_driver(d, "feature write after VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FEATURES_OK");
-
- /*
- * 4.1.3.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST access each field using the “natural” access
- * method, i.e. 32-bit accesses for 32-bit fields, 16-bit accesses for
- * 16-bit fields and 8-bit accesses for 8-bit fields.
- */
-write_through32:
- if (mask != 0xFFFFFFFF) {
- bad_driver(d, "non-32-bit write to offset %u (%#x)",
- off, getreg(eip));
- return;
- }
- memcpy((char *)d->mmio + off, &val, 4);
- return;
-
-write_through16:
- if (mask != 0xFFFF)
- bad_driver(d, "non-16-bit write to offset %u (%#x)",
- off, getreg(eip));
- memcpy((char *)d->mmio + off, &val, 2);
- return;
-
-write_through8:
- if (mask != 0xFF)
- bad_driver(d, "non-8-bit write to offset %u (%#x)",
- off, getreg(eip));
- memcpy((char *)d->mmio + off, &val, 1);
- return;
-}
-
-static u32 emulate_mmio_read(struct device *d, u32 off, u32 mask)
-{
- u8 isr;
- u32 val = 0;
-
- switch (off) {
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.device_feature_select):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.device_feature):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.guest_feature_select):
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.guest_feature):
- /*
- * 3.1.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST follow this sequence to initialize a device:
- *...
- * - Set the DRIVER status bit: the guest OS knows how
- * to drive the device.
- * - Read device feature bits, and write the subset
- * of feature bits understood by the OS and driver
- * to the device.
- */
- if (!(d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER))
- bad_driver(d,
- "feature read before VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER");
- goto read_through32;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.msix_config):
- bad_driver(d, "read of msix_config");
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.num_queues):
- goto read_through16;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.device_status):
- /* As they did read, any write of FEATURES_OK is now fine. */
- d->wrote_features_ok = false;
- goto read_through8;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg.config_generation):
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present a changed config_generation after
- * the driver has read a device-specific configuration value
- * which has changed since any part of the device-specific
- * configuration was last read.
- *
- * This is simple: none of our devices change config, so this
- * is always 0.
- */
- goto read_through8;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, notify):
- /*
- * 3.1.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST NOT notify the device before setting
- * DRIVER_OK.
- */
- if (!(d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK))
- bad_driver(d, "notify before VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER_OK");
- goto read_through16;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, isr):
- if (mask != 0xFF)
- bad_driver(d, "non-8-bit read from offset %u (%#x)",
- off, getreg(eip));
- isr = d->mmio->isr;
- /*
- * 4.1.4.5.1:
- *
- * The device MUST reset ISR status to 0 on driver read.
- */
- d->mmio->isr = 0;
- return isr;
- case offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, padding):
- bad_driver(d, "read from padding (%#x)", getreg(eip));
- default:
- /* Read from device config space, beware unaligned overflow */
- if (off > d->mmio_size - 4)
- bad_driver(d, "read past end (%#x)", getreg(eip));
-
- /*
- * 3.1.1:
- * The driver MUST follow this sequence to initialize a device:
- *...
- * 3. Set the DRIVER status bit: the guest OS knows how to
- * drive the device.
- * 4. Read device feature bits, and write the subset of
- * feature bits understood by the OS and driver to the
- * device. During this step the driver MAY read (but MUST NOT
- * write) the device-specific configuration fields to check
- * that it can support the device before accepting it.
- */
- if (!(d->mmio->cfg.device_status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER))
- bad_driver(d,
- "config read before VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_DRIVER");
-
- if (mask == 0xFFFFFFFF)
- goto read_through32;
- else if (mask == 0xFFFF)
- goto read_through16;
- else
- goto read_through8;
- }
-
- /*
- * 4.1.3.1:
- *
- * The driver MUST access each field using the “natural” access
- * method, i.e. 32-bit accesses for 32-bit fields, 16-bit accesses for
- * 16-bit fields and 8-bit accesses for 8-bit fields.
- */
-read_through32:
- if (mask != 0xFFFFFFFF)
- bad_driver(d, "non-32-bit read to offset %u (%#x)",
- off, getreg(eip));
- memcpy(&val, (char *)d->mmio + off, 4);
- return val;
-
-read_through16:
- if (mask != 0xFFFF)
- bad_driver(d, "non-16-bit read to offset %u (%#x)",
- off, getreg(eip));
- memcpy(&val, (char *)d->mmio + off, 2);
- return val;
-
-read_through8:
- if (mask != 0xFF)
- bad_driver(d, "non-8-bit read to offset %u (%#x)",
- off, getreg(eip));
- memcpy(&val, (char *)d->mmio + off, 1);
- return val;
-}
-
-static void emulate_mmio(unsigned long paddr, const u8 *insn)
-{
- u32 val, off, mask = 0xFFFFFFFF, insnlen = 0;
- struct device *d = find_mmio_region(paddr, &off);
- unsigned long args[] = { LHREQ_TRAP, 14 };
-
- if (!d) {
- warnx("MMIO touching %#08lx (not a device)", paddr);
- goto reinject;
- }
-
- /* Prefix makes it a 16 bit op */
- if (insn[0] == 0x66) {
- mask = 0xFFFF;
- insnlen++;
- }
-
- /* iowrite */
- if (insn[insnlen] == 0x89) {
- /* Next byte is r/m byte: bits 3-5 are register. */
- val = getreg_num((insn[insnlen+1] >> 3) & 0x7, mask);
- emulate_mmio_write(d, off, val, mask);
- insnlen += 2 + insn_displacement_len(insn[insnlen+1]);
- } else if (insn[insnlen] == 0x8b) { /* ioread */
- /* Next byte is r/m byte: bits 3-5 are register. */
- val = emulate_mmio_read(d, off, mask);
- setreg_num((insn[insnlen+1] >> 3) & 0x7, val, mask);
- insnlen += 2 + insn_displacement_len(insn[insnlen+1]);
- } else if (insn[0] == 0x88) { /* 8-bit iowrite */
- mask = 0xff;
- /* Next byte is r/m byte: bits 3-5 are register. */
- val = getreg_num((insn[1] >> 3) & 0x7, mask);
- emulate_mmio_write(d, off, val, mask);
- insnlen = 2 + insn_displacement_len(insn[1]);
- } else if (insn[0] == 0x8a) { /* 8-bit ioread */
- mask = 0xff;
- val = emulate_mmio_read(d, off, mask);
- setreg_num((insn[1] >> 3) & 0x7, val, mask);
- insnlen = 2 + insn_displacement_len(insn[1]);
- } else {
- warnx("Unknown MMIO instruction touching %#08lx:"
- " %02x %02x %02x %02x at %u",
- paddr, insn[0], insn[1], insn[2], insn[3], getreg(eip));
- reinject:
- /* Inject trap into Guest. */
- if (write(lguest_fd, args, sizeof(args)) < 0)
- err(1, "Reinjecting trap 14 for fault at %#x",
- getreg(eip));
- return;
- }
-
- /* Finally, we've "done" the instruction, so move past it. */
- setreg(eip, getreg(eip) + insnlen);
-}
-
-/*L:190
- * Device Setup
- *
- * All devices need a descriptor so the Guest knows it exists, and a "struct
- * device" so the Launcher can keep track of it. We have common helper
- * routines to allocate and manage them.
- */
-static void add_pci_virtqueue(struct device *dev,
- void (*service)(struct virtqueue *),
- const char *name)
-{
- struct virtqueue **i, *vq = malloc(sizeof(*vq));
-
- /* Initialize the virtqueue */
- vq->next = NULL;
- vq->last_avail_idx = 0;
- vq->dev = dev;
- vq->name = name;
-
- /*
- * This is the routine the service thread will run, and its Process ID
- * once it's running.
- */
- vq->service = service;
- vq->thread = (pid_t)-1;
-
- /* Initialize the configuration. */
- reset_vq_pci_config(vq);
- vq->pci_config.queue_notify_off = 0;
-
- /* Add one to the number of queues */
- vq->dev->mmio->cfg.num_queues++;
-
- /*
- * Add to tail of list, so dev->vq is first vq, dev->vq->next is
- * second.
- */
- for (i = &dev->vq; *i; i = &(*i)->next);
- *i = vq;
-}
-
-/* The Guest accesses the feature bits via the PCI common config MMIO region */
-static void add_pci_feature(struct device *dev, unsigned bit)
-{
- dev->features |= (1ULL << bit);
-}
-
-/* For devices with no config. */
-static void no_device_config(struct device *dev)
-{
- dev->mmio_addr = get_mmio_region(dev->mmio_size);
-
- dev->config.bar[0] = dev->mmio_addr;
- /* Bottom 4 bits must be zero */
- assert(~(dev->config.bar[0] & 0xF));
-}
-
-/* This puts the device config into BAR0 */
-static void set_device_config(struct device *dev, const void *conf, size_t len)
-{
- /* Set up BAR 0 */
- dev->mmio_size += len;
- dev->mmio = realloc(dev->mmio, dev->mmio_size);
- memcpy(dev->mmio + 1, conf, len);
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.6:
- *
- * The device MUST present at least one VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_DEVICE_CFG
- * capability for any device type which has a device-specific
- * configuration.
- */
- /* Hook up device cfg */
- dev->config.cfg_access.cap.cap_next
- = offsetof(struct pci_config, device);
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.6.1:
- *
- * The offset for the device-specific configuration MUST be 4-byte
- * aligned.
- */
- assert(dev->config.cfg_access.cap.cap_next % 4 == 0);
-
- /* Fix up device cfg field length. */
- dev->config.device.length = len;
-
- /* The rest is the same as the no-config case */
- no_device_config(dev);
-}
-
-static void init_cap(struct virtio_pci_cap *cap, size_t caplen, int type,
- size_t bar_offset, size_t bar_bytes, u8 next)
-{
- cap->cap_vndr = PCI_CAP_ID_VNDR;
- cap->cap_next = next;
- cap->cap_len = caplen;
- cap->cfg_type = type;
- cap->bar = 0;
- memset(cap->padding, 0, sizeof(cap->padding));
- cap->offset = bar_offset;
- cap->length = bar_bytes;
-}
-
-/*
- * This sets up the pci_config structure, as defined in the virtio 1.0
- * standard (and PCI standard).
- */
-static void init_pci_config(struct pci_config *pci, u16 type,
- u8 class, u8 subclass)
-{
- size_t bar_offset, bar_len;
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.4.1:
- *
- * The device MUST either present notify_off_multiplier as an even
- * power of 2, or present notify_off_multiplier as 0.
- *
- * 2.1.2:
- *
- * The device MUST initialize device status to 0 upon reset.
- */
- memset(pci, 0, sizeof(*pci));
-
- /* 4.1.2.1: Devices MUST have the PCI Vendor ID 0x1AF4 */
- pci->vendor_id = 0x1AF4;
- /* 4.1.2.1: ... PCI Device ID calculated by adding 0x1040 ... */
- pci->device_id = 0x1040 + type;
-
- /*
- * PCI have specific codes for different types of devices.
- * Linux doesn't care, but it's a good clue for people looking
- * at the device.
- */
- pci->class = class;
- pci->subclass = subclass;
-
- /*
- * 4.1.2.1:
- *
- * Non-transitional devices SHOULD have a PCI Revision ID of 1 or
- * higher
- */
- pci->revid = 1;
-
- /*
- * 4.1.2.1:
- *
- * Non-transitional devices SHOULD have a PCI Subsystem Device ID of
- * 0x40 or higher.
- */
- pci->subsystem_device_id = 0x40;
-
- /* We use our dummy interrupt controller, and irq_line is the irq */
- pci->irq_line = devices.next_irq++;
- pci->irq_pin = 0;
-
- /* Support for extended capabilities. */
- pci->status = (1 << 4);
-
- /* Link them in. */
- /*
- * 4.1.4.3.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present at least one common configuration
- * capability.
- */
- pci->capabilities = offsetof(struct pci_config, common);
-
- /* 4.1.4.3.1 ... offset MUST be 4-byte aligned. */
- assert(pci->capabilities % 4 == 0);
-
- bar_offset = offsetof(struct virtio_pci_mmio, cfg);
- bar_len = sizeof(((struct virtio_pci_mmio *)0)->cfg);
- init_cap(&pci->common, sizeof(pci->common), VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_COMMON_CFG,
- bar_offset, bar_len,
- offsetof(struct pci_config, notify));
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.4.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present at least one notification capability.
- */
- bar_offset += bar_len;
- bar_len = sizeof(((struct virtio_pci_mmio *)0)->notify);
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.4.1:
- *
- * The cap.offset MUST be 2-byte aligned.
- */
- assert(pci->common.cap_next % 2 == 0);
-
- /* FIXME: Use a non-zero notify_off, for per-queue notification? */
- /*
- * 4.1.4.4.1:
- *
- * The value cap.length presented by the device MUST be at least 2 and
- * MUST be large enough to support queue notification offsets for all
- * supported queues in all possible configurations.
- */
- assert(bar_len >= 2);
-
- init_cap(&pci->notify.cap, sizeof(pci->notify),
- VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_NOTIFY_CFG,
- bar_offset, bar_len,
- offsetof(struct pci_config, isr));
-
- bar_offset += bar_len;
- bar_len = sizeof(((struct virtio_pci_mmio *)0)->isr);
- /*
- * 4.1.4.5.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present at least one VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_ISR_CFG
- * capability.
- */
- init_cap(&pci->isr, sizeof(pci->isr),
- VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_ISR_CFG,
- bar_offset, bar_len,
- offsetof(struct pci_config, cfg_access));
-
- /*
- * 4.1.4.7.1:
- *
- * The device MUST present at least one VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_PCI_CFG
- * capability.
- */
- /* This doesn't have any presence in the BAR */
- init_cap(&pci->cfg_access.cap, sizeof(pci->cfg_access),
- VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_PCI_CFG,
- 0, 0, 0);
-
- bar_offset += bar_len + sizeof(((struct virtio_pci_mmio *)0)->padding);
- assert(bar_offset == sizeof(struct virtio_pci_mmio));
-
- /*
- * This gets sewn in and length set in set_device_config().
- * Some devices don't have a device configuration interface, so
- * we never expose this if we don't call set_device_config().
- */
- init_cap(&pci->device, sizeof(pci->device), VIRTIO_PCI_CAP_DEVICE_CFG,
- bar_offset, 0, 0);
-}
-
-/*
- * This routine does all the creation and setup of a new device, but we don't
- * actually place the MMIO region until we know the size (if any) of the
- * device-specific config. And we don't actually start the service threads
- * until later.
- *
- * See what I mean about userspace being boring?
- */
-static struct device *new_pci_device(const char *name, u16 type,
- u8 class, u8 subclass)
-{
- struct device *dev = malloc(sizeof(*dev));
-
- /* Now we populate the fields one at a time. */
- dev->name = name;
- dev->vq = NULL;
- dev->running = false;
- dev->wrote_features_ok = false;
- dev->mmio_size = sizeof(struct virtio_pci_mmio);
- dev->mmio = calloc(1, dev->mmio_size);
- dev->features = (u64)1 << VIRTIO_F_VERSION_1;
- dev->features_accepted = 0;
-
- if (devices.device_num + 1 >= MAX_PCI_DEVICES)
- errx(1, "Can only handle 31 PCI devices");
-
- init_pci_config(&dev->config, type, class, subclass);
- assert(!devices.pci[devices.device_num+1]);
- devices.pci[++devices.device_num] = dev;
-
- return dev;
-}
-
-/*
- * Our first setup routine is the console. It's a fairly simple device, but
- * UNIX tty handling makes it uglier than it could be.
- */
-static void setup_console(void)
-{
- struct device *dev;
- struct virtio_console_config conf;
-
- /* If we can save the initial standard input settings... */
- if (tcgetattr(STDIN_FILENO, &orig_term) == 0) {
- struct termios term = orig_term;
- /*
- * Then we turn off echo, line buffering and ^C etc: We want a
- * raw input stream to the Guest.
- */
- term.c_lflag &= ~(ISIG|ICANON|ECHO);
- tcsetattr(STDIN_FILENO, TCSANOW, &term);
- }
-
- dev = new_pci_device("console", VIRTIO_ID_CONSOLE, 0x07, 0x00);
-
- /* We store the console state in dev->priv, and initialize it. */
- dev->priv = malloc(sizeof(struct console_abort));
- ((struct console_abort *)dev->priv)->count = 0;
-
- /*
- * The console needs two virtqueues: the input then the output. When
- * they put something the input queue, we make sure we're listening to
- * stdin. When they put something in the output queue, we write it to
- * stdout.
- */
- add_pci_virtqueue(dev, console_input, "input");
- add_pci_virtqueue(dev, console_output, "output");
-
- /* We need a configuration area for the emerg_wr early writes. */
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_CONSOLE_F_EMERG_WRITE);
- set_device_config(dev, &conf, sizeof(conf));
-
- verbose("device %u: console\n", devices.device_num);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*M:010
- * Inter-guest networking is an interesting area. Simplest is to have a
- * --sharenet=<name> option which opens or creates a named pipe. This can be
- * used to send packets to another guest in a 1:1 manner.
- *
- * More sophisticated is to use one of the tools developed for project like UML
- * to do networking.
- *
- * Faster is to do virtio bonding in kernel. Doing this 1:1 would be
- * completely generic ("here's my vring, attach to your vring") and would work
- * for any traffic. Of course, namespace and permissions issues need to be
- * dealt with. A more sophisticated "multi-channel" virtio_net.c could hide
- * multiple inter-guest channels behind one interface, although it would
- * require some manner of hotplugging new virtio channels.
- *
- * Finally, we could use a virtio network switch in the kernel, ie. vhost.
-:*/
-
-static u32 str2ip(const char *ipaddr)
-{
- unsigned int b[4];
-
- if (sscanf(ipaddr, "%u.%u.%u.%u", &b[0], &b[1], &b[2], &b[3]) != 4)
- errx(1, "Failed to parse IP address '%s'", ipaddr);
- return (b[0] << 24) | (b[1] << 16) | (b[2] << 8) | b[3];
-}
-
-static void str2mac(const char *macaddr, unsigned char mac[6])
-{
- unsigned int m[6];
- if (sscanf(macaddr, "%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x:%02x",
- &m[0], &m[1], &m[2], &m[3], &m[4], &m[5]) != 6)
- errx(1, "Failed to parse mac address '%s'", macaddr);
- mac[0] = m[0];
- mac[1] = m[1];
- mac[2] = m[2];
- mac[3] = m[3];
- mac[4] = m[4];
- mac[5] = m[5];
-}
-
-/*
- * This code is "adapted" from libbridge: it attaches the Host end of the
- * network device to the bridge device specified by the command line.
- *
- * This is yet another James Morris contribution (I'm an IP-level guy, so I
- * dislike bridging), and I just try not to break it.
- */
-static void add_to_bridge(int fd, const char *if_name, const char *br_name)
-{
- int ifidx;
- struct ifreq ifr;
-
- if (!*br_name)
- errx(1, "must specify bridge name");
-
- ifidx = if_nametoindex(if_name);
- if (!ifidx)
- errx(1, "interface %s does not exist!", if_name);
-
- strncpy(ifr.ifr_name, br_name, IFNAMSIZ);
- ifr.ifr_name[IFNAMSIZ-1] = '\0';
- ifr.ifr_ifindex = ifidx;
- if (ioctl(fd, SIOCBRADDIF, &ifr) < 0)
- err(1, "can't add %s to bridge %s", if_name, br_name);
-}
-
-/*
- * This sets up the Host end of the network device with an IP address, brings
- * it up so packets will flow, the copies the MAC address into the hwaddr
- * pointer.
- */
-static void configure_device(int fd, const char *tapif, u32 ipaddr)
-{
- struct ifreq ifr;
- struct sockaddr_in sin;
-
- memset(&ifr, 0, sizeof(ifr));
- strcpy(ifr.ifr_name, tapif);
-
- /* Don't read these incantations. Just cut & paste them like I did! */
- sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
- sin.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(ipaddr);
- memcpy(&ifr.ifr_addr, &sin, sizeof(sin));
- if (ioctl(fd, SIOCSIFADDR, &ifr) != 0)
- err(1, "Setting %s interface address", tapif);
- ifr.ifr_flags = IFF_UP;
- if (ioctl(fd, SIOCSIFFLAGS, &ifr) != 0)
- err(1, "Bringing interface %s up", tapif);
-}
-
-static int get_tun_device(char tapif[IFNAMSIZ])
-{
- struct ifreq ifr;
- int vnet_hdr_sz;
- int netfd;
-
- /* Start with this zeroed. Messy but sure. */
- memset(&ifr, 0, sizeof(ifr));
-
- /*
- * We open the /dev/net/tun device and tell it we want a tap device. A
- * tap device is like a tun device, only somehow different. To tell
- * the truth, I completely blundered my way through this code, but it
- * works now!
- */
- netfd = open_or_die("/dev/net/tun", O_RDWR);
- ifr.ifr_flags = IFF_TAP | IFF_NO_PI | IFF_VNET_HDR;
- strcpy(ifr.ifr_name, "tap%d");
- if (ioctl(netfd, TUNSETIFF, &ifr) != 0)
- err(1, "configuring /dev/net/tun");
-
- if (ioctl(netfd, TUNSETOFFLOAD,
- TUN_F_CSUM|TUN_F_TSO4|TUN_F_TSO6|TUN_F_TSO_ECN) != 0)
- err(1, "Could not set features for tun device");
-
- /*
- * We don't need checksums calculated for packets coming in this
- * device: trust us!
- */
- ioctl(netfd, TUNSETNOCSUM, 1);
-
- /*
- * In virtio before 1.0 (aka legacy virtio), we added a 16-bit
- * field at the end of the network header iff
- * VIRTIO_NET_F_MRG_RXBUF was negotiated. For virtio 1.0,
- * that became the norm, but we need to tell the tun device
- * about our expanded header (which is called
- * virtio_net_hdr_mrg_rxbuf in the legacy system).
- */
- vnet_hdr_sz = sizeof(struct virtio_net_hdr_v1);
- if (ioctl(netfd, TUNSETVNETHDRSZ, &vnet_hdr_sz) != 0)
- err(1, "Setting tun header size to %u", vnet_hdr_sz);
-
- memcpy(tapif, ifr.ifr_name, IFNAMSIZ);
- return netfd;
-}
-
-/*L:195
- * Our network is a Host<->Guest network. This can either use bridging or
- * routing, but the principle is the same: it uses the "tun" device to inject
- * packets into the Host as if they came in from a normal network card. We
- * just shunt packets between the Guest and the tun device.
- */
-static void setup_tun_net(char *arg)
-{
- struct device *dev;
- struct net_info *net_info = malloc(sizeof(*net_info));
- int ipfd;
- u32 ip = INADDR_ANY;
- bool bridging = false;
- char tapif[IFNAMSIZ], *p;
- struct virtio_net_config conf;
-
- net_info->tunfd = get_tun_device(tapif);
-
- /* First we create a new network device. */
- dev = new_pci_device("net", VIRTIO_ID_NET, 0x02, 0x00);
- dev->priv = net_info;
-
- /* Network devices need a recv and a send queue, just like console. */
- add_pci_virtqueue(dev, net_input, "rx");
- add_pci_virtqueue(dev, net_output, "tx");
-
- /*
- * We need a socket to perform the magic network ioctls to bring up the
- * tap interface, connect to the bridge etc. Any socket will do!
- */
- ipfd = socket(PF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_IP);
- if (ipfd < 0)
- err(1, "opening IP socket");
-
- /* If the command line was --tunnet=bridge:<name> do bridging. */
- if (!strncmp(BRIDGE_PFX, arg, strlen(BRIDGE_PFX))) {
- arg += strlen(BRIDGE_PFX);
- bridging = true;
- }
-
- /* A mac address may follow the bridge name or IP address */
- p = strchr(arg, ':');
- if (p) {
- str2mac(p+1, conf.mac);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_MAC);
- *p = '\0';
- }
-
- /* arg is now either an IP address or a bridge name */
- if (bridging)
- add_to_bridge(ipfd, tapif, arg);
- else
- ip = str2ip(arg);
-
- /* Set up the tun device. */
- configure_device(ipfd, tapif, ip);
-
- /* Expect Guest to handle everything except UFO */
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_CSUM);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_CSUM);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO4);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_TSO6);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_GUEST_ECN);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_TSO4);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_TSO6);
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_NET_F_HOST_ECN);
- /* We handle indirect ring entries */
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC);
- set_device_config(dev, &conf, sizeof(conf));
-
- /* We don't need the socket any more; setup is done. */
- close(ipfd);
-
- if (bridging)
- verbose("device %u: tun %s attached to bridge: %s\n",
- devices.device_num, tapif, arg);
- else
- verbose("device %u: tun %s: %s\n",
- devices.device_num, tapif, arg);
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/* This hangs off device->priv. */
-struct vblk_info {
- /* The size of the file. */
- off64_t len;
-
- /* The file descriptor for the file. */
- int fd;
-
-};
-
-/*L:210
- * The Disk
- *
- * The disk only has one virtqueue, so it only has one thread. It is really
- * simple: the Guest asks for a block number and we read or write that position
- * in the file.
- *
- * Before we serviced each virtqueue in a separate thread, that was unacceptably
- * slow: the Guest waits until the read is finished before running anything
- * else, even if it could have been doing useful work.
- *
- * We could have used async I/O, except it's reputed to suck so hard that
- * characters actually go missing from your code when you try to use it.
- */
-static void blk_request(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- struct vblk_info *vblk = vq->dev->priv;
- unsigned int head, out_num, in_num, wlen;
- int ret, i;
- u8 *in;
- struct virtio_blk_outhdr out;
- struct iovec iov[vq->vring.num];
- off64_t off;
-
- /*
- * Get the next request, where we normally wait. It triggers the
- * interrupt to acknowledge previously serviced requests (if any).
- */
- head = wait_for_vq_desc(vq, iov, &out_num, &in_num);
-
- /* Copy the output header from the front of the iov (adjusts iov) */
- iov_consume(vq->dev, iov, out_num, &out, sizeof(out));
-
- /* Find and trim end of iov input array, for our status byte. */
- in = NULL;
- for (i = out_num + in_num - 1; i >= out_num; i--) {
- if (iov[i].iov_len > 0) {
- in = iov[i].iov_base + iov[i].iov_len - 1;
- iov[i].iov_len--;
- break;
- }
- }
- if (!in)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Bad virtblk cmd with no room for status");
-
- /*
- * For historical reasons, block operations are expressed in 512 byte
- * "sectors".
- */
- off = out.sector * 512;
-
- if (out.type & VIRTIO_BLK_T_OUT) {
- /*
- * Write
- *
- * Move to the right location in the block file. This can fail
- * if they try to write past end.
- */
- if (lseek64(vblk->fd, off, SEEK_SET) != off)
- err(1, "Bad seek to sector %llu", out.sector);
-
- ret = writev(vblk->fd, iov, out_num);
- verbose("WRITE to sector %llu: %i\n", out.sector, ret);
-
- /*
- * Grr... Now we know how long the descriptor they sent was, we
- * make sure they didn't try to write over the end of the block
- * file (possibly extending it).
- */
- if (ret > 0 && off + ret > vblk->len) {
- /* Trim it back to the correct length */
- ftruncate64(vblk->fd, vblk->len);
- /* Die, bad Guest, die. */
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Write past end %llu+%u", off, ret);
- }
-
- wlen = sizeof(*in);
- *in = (ret >= 0 ? VIRTIO_BLK_S_OK : VIRTIO_BLK_S_IOERR);
- } else if (out.type & VIRTIO_BLK_T_FLUSH) {
- /* Flush */
- ret = fdatasync(vblk->fd);
- verbose("FLUSH fdatasync: %i\n", ret);
- wlen = sizeof(*in);
- *in = (ret >= 0 ? VIRTIO_BLK_S_OK : VIRTIO_BLK_S_IOERR);
- } else {
- /*
- * Read
- *
- * Move to the right location in the block file. This can fail
- * if they try to read past end.
- */
- if (lseek64(vblk->fd, off, SEEK_SET) != off)
- err(1, "Bad seek to sector %llu", out.sector);
-
- ret = readv(vblk->fd, iov + out_num, in_num);
- if (ret >= 0) {
- wlen = sizeof(*in) + ret;
- *in = VIRTIO_BLK_S_OK;
- } else {
- wlen = sizeof(*in);
- *in = VIRTIO_BLK_S_IOERR;
- }
- }
-
- /* Finished that request. */
- add_used(vq, head, wlen);
-}
-
-/*L:198 This actually sets up a virtual block device. */
-static void setup_block_file(const char *filename)
-{
- struct device *dev;
- struct vblk_info *vblk;
- struct virtio_blk_config conf;
-
- /* Create the device. */
- dev = new_pci_device("block", VIRTIO_ID_BLOCK, 0x01, 0x80);
-
- /* The device has one virtqueue, where the Guest places requests. */
- add_pci_virtqueue(dev, blk_request, "request");
-
- /* Allocate the room for our own bookkeeping */
- vblk = dev->priv = malloc(sizeof(*vblk));
-
- /* First we open the file and store the length. */
- vblk->fd = open_or_die(filename, O_RDWR|O_LARGEFILE);
- vblk->len = lseek64(vblk->fd, 0, SEEK_END);
-
- /* Tell Guest how many sectors this device has. */
- conf.capacity = cpu_to_le64(vblk->len / 512);
-
- /*
- * Tell Guest not to put in too many descriptors at once: two are used
- * for the in and out elements.
- */
- add_pci_feature(dev, VIRTIO_BLK_F_SEG_MAX);
- conf.seg_max = cpu_to_le32(VIRTQUEUE_NUM - 2);
-
- set_device_config(dev, &conf, sizeof(struct virtio_blk_config));
-
- verbose("device %u: virtblock %llu sectors\n",
- devices.device_num, le64_to_cpu(conf.capacity));
-}
-
-/*L:211
- * Our random number generator device reads from /dev/urandom into the Guest's
- * input buffers. The usual case is that the Guest doesn't want random numbers
- * and so has no buffers although /dev/urandom is still readable, whereas
- * console is the reverse.
- *
- * The same logic applies, however.
- */
-struct rng_info {
- int rfd;
-};
-
-static void rng_input(struct virtqueue *vq)
-{
- int len;
- unsigned int head, in_num, out_num, totlen = 0;
- struct rng_info *rng_info = vq->dev->priv;
- struct iovec iov[vq->vring.num];
-
- /* First we need a buffer from the Guests's virtqueue. */
- head = wait_for_vq_desc(vq, iov, &out_num, &in_num);
- if (out_num)
- bad_driver_vq(vq, "Output buffers in rng?");
-
- /*
- * Just like the console write, we loop to cover the whole iovec.
- * In this case, short reads actually happen quite a bit.
- */
- while (!iov_empty(iov, in_num)) {
- len = readv(rng_info->rfd, iov, in_num);
- if (len <= 0)
- err(1, "Read from /dev/urandom gave %i", len);
- iov_consume(vq->dev, iov, in_num, NULL, len);
- totlen += len;
- }
-
- /* Tell the Guest about the new input. */
- add_used(vq, head, totlen);
-}
-
-/*L:199
- * This creates a "hardware" random number device for the Guest.
- */
-static void setup_rng(void)
-{
- struct device *dev;
- struct rng_info *rng_info = malloc(sizeof(*rng_info));
-
- /* Our device's private info simply contains the /dev/urandom fd. */
- rng_info->rfd = open_or_die("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY);
-
- /* Create the new device. */
- dev = new_pci_device("rng", VIRTIO_ID_RNG, 0xff, 0);
- dev->priv = rng_info;
-
- /* The device has one virtqueue, where the Guest places inbufs. */
- add_pci_virtqueue(dev, rng_input, "input");
-
- /* We don't have any configuration space */
- no_device_config(dev);
-
- verbose("device %u: rng\n", devices.device_num);
-}
-/* That's the end of device setup. */
-
-/*L:230 Reboot is pretty easy: clean up and exec() the Launcher afresh. */
-static void __attribute__((noreturn)) restart_guest(void)
-{
- unsigned int i;
-
- /*
- * Since we don't track all open fds, we simply close everything beyond
- * stderr.
- */
- for (i = 3; i < FD_SETSIZE; i++)
- close(i);
-
- /* Reset all the devices (kills all threads). */
- cleanup_devices();
-
- execv(main_args[0], main_args);
- err(1, "Could not exec %s", main_args[0]);
-}
-
-/*L:220
- * Finally we reach the core of the Launcher which runs the Guest, serves
- * its input and output, and finally, lays it to rest.
- */
-static void __attribute__((noreturn)) run_guest(void)
-{
- for (;;) {
- struct lguest_pending notify;
- int readval;
-
- /* We read from the /dev/lguest device to run the Guest. */
- readval = pread(lguest_fd, &notify, sizeof(notify), cpu_id);
- if (readval == sizeof(notify)) {
- if (notify.trap == 13) {
- verbose("Emulating instruction at %#x\n",
- getreg(eip));
- emulate_insn(notify.insn);
- } else if (notify.trap == 14) {
- verbose("Emulating MMIO at %#x\n",
- getreg(eip));
- emulate_mmio(notify.addr, notify.insn);
- } else
- errx(1, "Unknown trap %i addr %#08x\n",
- notify.trap, notify.addr);
- /* ENOENT means the Guest died. Reading tells us why. */
- } else if (errno == ENOENT) {
- char reason[1024] = { 0 };
- pread(lguest_fd, reason, sizeof(reason)-1, cpu_id);
- errx(1, "%s", reason);
- /* ERESTART means that we need to reboot the guest */
- } else if (errno == ERESTART) {
- restart_guest();
- /* Anything else means a bug or incompatible change. */
- } else
- err(1, "Running guest failed");
- }
-}
-/*L:240
- * This is the end of the Launcher. The good news: we are over halfway
- * through! The bad news: the most fiendish part of the code still lies ahead
- * of us.
- *
- * Are you ready? Take a deep breath and join me in the core of the Host, in
- * "make Host".
-:*/
-
-static struct option opts[] = {
- { "verbose", 0, NULL, 'v' },
- { "tunnet", 1, NULL, 't' },
- { "block", 1, NULL, 'b' },
- { "rng", 0, NULL, 'r' },
- { "initrd", 1, NULL, 'i' },
- { "username", 1, NULL, 'u' },
- { "chroot", 1, NULL, 'c' },
- { NULL },
-};
-static void usage(void)
-{
- errx(1, "Usage: lguest [--verbose] "
- "[--tunnet=(<ipaddr>:<macaddr>|bridge:<bridgename>:<macaddr>)\n"
- "|--block=<filename>|--initrd=<filename>]...\n"
- "<mem-in-mb> vmlinux [args...]");
-}
-
-/*L:105 The main routine is where the real work begins: */
-int main(int argc, char *argv[])
-{
- /* Memory, code startpoint and size of the (optional) initrd. */
- unsigned long mem = 0, start, initrd_size = 0;
- /* Two temporaries. */
- int i, c;
- /* The boot information for the Guest. */
- struct boot_params *boot;
- /* If they specify an initrd file to load. */
- const char *initrd_name = NULL;
-
- /* Password structure for initgroups/setres[gu]id */
- struct passwd *user_details = NULL;
-
- /* Directory to chroot to */
- char *chroot_path = NULL;
-
- /* Save the args: we "reboot" by execing ourselves again. */
- main_args = argv;
-
- /*
- * First we initialize the device list. We remember next interrupt
- * number to use for devices (1: remember that 0 is used by the timer).
- */
- devices.next_irq = 1;
-
- /* We're CPU 0. In fact, that's the only CPU possible right now. */
- cpu_id = 0;
-
- /*
- * We need to know how much memory so we can set up the device
- * descriptor and memory pages for the devices as we parse the command
- * line. So we quickly look through the arguments to find the amount
- * of memory now.
- */
- for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
- if (argv[i][0] != '-') {
- mem = atoi(argv[i]) * 1024 * 1024;
- /*
- * We start by mapping anonymous pages over all of
- * guest-physical memory range. This fills it with 0,
- * and ensures that the Guest won't be killed when it
- * tries to access it.
- */
- guest_base = map_zeroed_pages(mem / getpagesize()
- + DEVICE_PAGES);
- guest_limit = mem;
- guest_max = guest_mmio = mem + DEVICE_PAGES*getpagesize();
- break;
- }
- }
-
- /* If we exit via err(), this kills all the threads, restores tty. */
- atexit(cleanup_devices);
-
- /* We always have a console device, and it's always device 1. */
- setup_console();
-
- /* The options are fairly straight-forward */
- while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "v", opts, NULL)) != EOF) {
- switch (c) {
- case 'v':
- verbose = true;
- break;
- case 't':
- setup_tun_net(optarg);
- break;
- case 'b':
- setup_block_file(optarg);
- break;
- case 'r':
- setup_rng();
- break;
- case 'i':
- initrd_name = optarg;
- break;
- case 'u':
- user_details = getpwnam(optarg);
- if (!user_details)
- err(1, "getpwnam failed, incorrect username?");
- break;
- case 'c':
- chroot_path = optarg;
- break;
- default:
- warnx("Unknown argument %s", argv[optind]);
- usage();
- }
- }
- /*
- * After the other arguments we expect memory and kernel image name,
- * followed by command line arguments for the kernel.
- */
- if (optind + 2 > argc)
- usage();
-
- verbose("Guest base is at %p\n", guest_base);
-
- /* Initialize the (fake) PCI host bridge device. */
- init_pci_host_bridge();
-
- /* Now we load the kernel */
- start = load_kernel(open_or_die(argv[optind+1], O_RDONLY));
-
- /* Boot information is stashed at physical address 0 */
- boot = from_guest_phys(0);
-
- /* Map the initrd image if requested (at top of physical memory) */
- if (initrd_name) {
- initrd_size = load_initrd(initrd_name, mem);
- /*
- * These are the location in the Linux boot header where the
- * start and size of the initrd are expected to be found.
- */
- boot->hdr.ramdisk_image = mem - initrd_size;
- boot->hdr.ramdisk_size = initrd_size;
- /* The bootloader type 0xFF means "unknown"; that's OK. */
- boot->hdr.type_of_loader = 0xFF;
- }
-
- /*
- * The Linux boot header contains an "E820" memory map: ours is a
- * simple, single region.
- */
- boot->e820_entries = 1;
- boot->e820_table[0] = ((struct e820_entry) { 0, mem, E820_TYPE_RAM });
- /*
- * The boot header contains a command line pointer: we put the command
- * line after the boot header.
- */
- boot->hdr.cmd_line_ptr = to_guest_phys(boot + 1);
- /* We use a simple helper to copy the arguments separated by spaces. */
- concat((char *)(boot + 1), argv+optind+2);
-
- /* Set kernel alignment to 16M (CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN) */
- boot->hdr.kernel_alignment = 0x1000000;
-
- /* Boot protocol version: 2.07 supports the fields for lguest. */
- boot->hdr.version = 0x207;
-
- /* X86_SUBARCH_LGUEST tells the Guest it's an lguest. */
- boot->hdr.hardware_subarch = X86_SUBARCH_LGUEST;
-
- /* Tell the entry path not to try to reload segment registers. */
- boot->hdr.loadflags |= KEEP_SEGMENTS;
-
- /* We don't support tboot: */
- boot->tboot_addr = 0;
-
- /* Ensure this is 0 to prevent APM from loading: */
- boot->apm_bios_info.version = 0;
-
- /* We tell the kernel to initialize the Guest. */
- tell_kernel(start);
-
- /* Ensure that we terminate if a device-servicing child dies. */
- signal(SIGCHLD, kill_launcher);
-
- /* If requested, chroot to a directory */
- if (chroot_path) {
- if (chroot(chroot_path) != 0)
- err(1, "chroot(\"%s\") failed", chroot_path);
-
- if (chdir("/") != 0)
- err(1, "chdir(\"/\") failed");
-
- verbose("chroot done\n");
- }
-
- /* If requested, drop privileges */
- if (user_details) {
- uid_t u;
- gid_t g;
-
- u = user_details->pw_uid;
- g = user_details->pw_gid;
-
- if (initgroups(user_details->pw_name, g) != 0)
- err(1, "initgroups failed");
-
- if (setresgid(g, g, g) != 0)
- err(1, "setresgid failed");
-
- if (setresuid(u, u, u) != 0)
- err(1, "setresuid failed");
-
- verbose("Dropping privileges completed\n");
- }
-
- /* Finally, run the Guest. This doesn't return. */
- run_guest();
-}
-/*:*/
-
-/*M:999
- * Mastery is done: you now know everything I do.
- *
- * But surely you have seen code, features and bugs in your wanderings which
- * you now yearn to attack? That is the real game, and I look forward to you
- * patching and forking lguest into the Your-Name-Here-visor.
- *
- * Farewell, and good coding!
- * Rusty Russell.
- */
diff --git a/tools/lguest/lguest.txt b/tools/lguest/lguest.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index 06e1f4649511..000000000000
--- a/tools/lguest/lguest.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,125 +0,0 @@
- __
- (___()'`; Rusty's Remarkably Unreliable Guide to Lguest
- /, /` - or, A Young Coder's Illustrated Hypervisor
- \\"--\\ http://lguest.ozlabs.org
-
-Lguest is designed to be a minimal 32-bit x86 hypervisor for the Linux kernel,
-for Linux developers and users to experiment with virtualization with the
-minimum of complexity. Nonetheless, it should have sufficient features to
-make it useful for specific tasks, and, of course, you are encouraged to fork
-and enhance it (see drivers/lguest/README).
-
-Features:
-
-- Kernel module which runs in a normal kernel.
-- Simple I/O model for communication.
-- Simple program to create new guests.
-- Logo contains cute puppies: http://lguest.ozlabs.org
-
-Developer features:
-
-- Fun to hack on.
-- No ABI: being tied to a specific kernel anyway, you can change anything.
-- Many opportunities for improvement or feature implementation.
-
-Running Lguest:
-
-- The easiest way to run lguest is to use same kernel as guest and host.
- You can configure them differently, but usually it's easiest not to.
-
- You will need to configure your kernel with the following options:
-
- "Processor type and features":
- "Paravirtualized guest support" = Y
- "Lguest guest support" = Y
- "High Memory Support" = off/4GB
- "Alignment value to which kernel should be aligned" = 0x100000
- (CONFIG_PARAVIRT=y, CONFIG_LGUEST_GUEST=y, CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G=n and
- CONFIG_PHYSICAL_ALIGN=0x100000)
-
- "Device Drivers":
- "Block devices"
- "Virtio block driver" = M/Y
- "Network device support"
- "Universal TUN/TAP device driver support" = M/Y
- "Virtio network driver" = M/Y
- (CONFIG_VIRTIO_BLK=m, CONFIG_VIRTIO_NET=m and CONFIG_TUN=m)
-
- "Virtualization"
- "Linux hypervisor example code" = M/Y
- (CONFIG_LGUEST=m)
-
-- A tool called "lguest" is available in this directory: type "make"
- to build it. If you didn't build your kernel in-tree, use "make
- O=<builddir>".
-
-- Create or find a root disk image. There are several useful ones
- around, such as the xm-test tiny root image at
- http://xm-test.xensource.com/ramdisks/initrd-1.1-i386.img
-
- For more serious work, I usually use a distribution ISO image and
- install it under qemu, then make multiple copies:
-
- dd if=/dev/zero of=rootfile bs=1M count=2048
- qemu -cdrom image.iso -hda rootfile -net user -net nic -boot d
-
- Make sure that you install a getty on /dev/hvc0 if you want to log in on the
- console!
-
-- "modprobe lg" if you built it as a module.
-
-- Run an lguest as root:
-
- tools/lguest/lguest 64 vmlinux --tunnet=192.168.19.1 \
- --block=rootfile root=/dev/vda
-
- Explanation:
- 64: the amount of memory to use, in MB.
-
- vmlinux: the kernel image found in the top of your build directory. You
- can also use a standard bzImage.
-
- --tunnet=192.168.19.1: configures a "tap" device for networking with this
- IP address.
-
- --block=rootfile: a file or block device which becomes /dev/vda
- inside the guest.
-
- root=/dev/vda: this (and anything else on the command line) are
- kernel boot parameters.
-
-- Configuring networking. I usually have the host masquerade, using
- "iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE" and "echo 1 >
- /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward". In this example, I would configure
- eth0 inside the guest at 192.168.19.2.
-
- Another method is to bridge the tap device to an external interface
- using --tunnet=bridge:<bridgename>, and perhaps run dhcp on the guest
- to obtain an IP address. The bridge needs to be configured first:
- this option simply adds the tap interface to it.
-
- A simple example on my system:
-
- ifconfig eth0 0.0.0.0
- brctl addbr lg0
- ifconfig lg0 up
- brctl addif lg0 eth0
- dhclient lg0
-
- Then use --tunnet=bridge:lg0 when launching the guest.
-
- See:
-
- http://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/networking/bridge
-
- for general information on how to get bridging to work.
-
-- Random number generation. Using the --rng option will provide a
- /dev/hwrng in the guest that will read from the host's /dev/random.
- Use this option in conjunction with rng-tools (see ../hw_random.txt)
- to provide entropy to the guest kernel's /dev/random.
-
-There is a helpful mailing list at http://ozlabs.org/mailman/listinfo/lguest
-
-Good luck!
-Rusty Russell rusty@rustcorp.com.au.