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authorLaura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org>2014-11-26 00:28:39 +0000
committerWill Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>2014-11-26 17:19:18 +0000
commitc9465b4ec37a68425c5a574b56280dc1a7e34070 (patch)
tree9931393ec1143911c02dc21faf0c62fcc26f4331
parentdab78b6dcb2bfc90038f35ada826844273dde4d6 (diff)
downloadlinux-c9465b4ec37a68425c5a574b56280dc1a7e34070.tar.gz
arm64: add support to dump the kernel page tables
In a similar manner to arm, it's useful to be able to dump the page tables to verify permissions and memory types. Add a debugfs file to check the page tables. Acked-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org> Tested-by: Steve Capper <steve.capper@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Tested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> [will: s/BUFFERABLE/NORMAL-NC/] Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug12
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/dump.c332
3 files changed, 345 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug b/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug
index 0a12933e50ed..5fdd6dce8061 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig.debug
@@ -6,6 +6,18 @@ config FRAME_POINTER
bool
default y
+config ARM64_PTDUMP
+ bool "Export kernel pagetable layout to userspace via debugfs"
+ depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
+ select DEBUG_FS
+ help
+ Say Y here if you want to show the kernel pagetable layout in a
+ debugfs file. This information is only useful for kernel developers
+ who are working in architecture specific areas of the kernel.
+ It is probably not a good idea to enable this feature in a production
+ kernel.
+ If in doubt, say "N"
+
config STRICT_DEVMEM
bool "Filter access to /dev/mem"
depends on MMU
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
index c56179ed2c09..773d37a14039 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
@@ -3,3 +3,4 @@ obj-y := dma-mapping.o extable.o fault.o init.o \
ioremap.o mmap.o pgd.o mmu.o \
context.o proc.o pageattr.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE) += hugetlbpage.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_PTDUMP) += dump.o
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c b/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bf69601be546
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/dump.c
@@ -0,0 +1,332 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2014, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.
+ * Debug helper to dump the current kernel pagetables of the system
+ * so that we can see what the various memory ranges are set to.
+ *
+ * Derived from x86 and arm implementation:
+ * (C) Copyright 2008 Intel Corporation
+ *
+ * Author: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
+ * of the License.
+ */
+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+
+#include <asm/fixmap.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+
+#define LOWEST_ADDR (UL(0xffffffffffffffff) << VA_BITS)
+
+struct addr_marker {
+ unsigned long start_address;
+ const char *name;
+};
+
+enum address_markers_idx {
+ VMALLOC_START_NR = 0,
+ VMALLOC_END_NR,
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+ VMEMMAP_START_NR,
+ VMEMMAP_END_NR,
+#endif
+ PCI_START_NR,
+ PCI_END_NR,
+ FIXADDR_START_NR,
+ FIXADDR_END_NR,
+ MODULES_START_NR,
+ MODUELS_END_NR,
+ KERNEL_SPACE_NR,
+};
+
+static struct addr_marker address_markers[] = {
+ { VMALLOC_START, "vmalloc() Area" },
+ { VMALLOC_END, "vmalloc() End" },
+#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
+ { 0, "vmemmap start" },
+ { 0, "vmemmap end" },
+#endif
+ { (unsigned long) PCI_IOBASE, "PCI I/O start" },
+ { (unsigned long) PCI_IOBASE + SZ_16M, "PCI I/O end" },
+ { FIXADDR_START, "Fixmap start" },
+ { FIXADDR_TOP, "Fixmap end" },
+ { MODULES_VADDR, "Modules start" },
+ { MODULES_END, "Modules end" },
+ { PAGE_OFFSET, "Kernel Mapping" },
+ { -1, NULL },
+};
+
+struct pg_state {
+ struct seq_file *seq;
+ const struct addr_marker *marker;
+ unsigned long start_address;
+ unsigned level;
+ u64 current_prot;
+};
+
+struct prot_bits {
+ u64 mask;
+ u64 val;
+ const char *set;
+ const char *clear;
+};
+
+static const struct prot_bits pte_bits[] = {
+ {
+ .mask = PTE_USER,
+ .val = PTE_USER,
+ .set = "USR",
+ .clear = " ",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_RDONLY,
+ .val = PTE_RDONLY,
+ .set = "ro",
+ .clear = "RW",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_PXN,
+ .val = PTE_PXN,
+ .set = "NX",
+ .clear = "x ",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_SHARED,
+ .val = PTE_SHARED,
+ .set = "SHD",
+ .clear = " ",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_AF,
+ .val = PTE_AF,
+ .set = "AF",
+ .clear = " ",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_NG,
+ .val = PTE_NG,
+ .set = "NG",
+ .clear = " ",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_UXN,
+ .val = PTE_UXN,
+ .set = "UXN",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
+ .val = PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRnE),
+ .set = "DEVICE/nGnRnE",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
+ .val = PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_nGnRE),
+ .set = "DEVICE/nGnRE",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
+ .val = PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_DEVICE_GRE),
+ .set = "DEVICE/GRE",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
+ .val = PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL_NC),
+ .set = "MEM/NORMAL-NC",
+ }, {
+ .mask = PTE_ATTRINDX_MASK,
+ .val = PTE_ATTRINDX(MT_NORMAL),
+ .set = "MEM/NORMAL",
+ }
+};
+
+struct pg_level {
+ const struct prot_bits *bits;
+ size_t num;
+ u64 mask;
+};
+
+static struct pg_level pg_level[] = {
+ {
+ }, { /* pgd */
+ .bits = pte_bits,
+ .num = ARRAY_SIZE(pte_bits),
+ }, { /* pud */
+ .bits = pte_bits,
+ .num = ARRAY_SIZE(pte_bits),
+ }, { /* pmd */
+ .bits = pte_bits,
+ .num = ARRAY_SIZE(pte_bits),
+ }, { /* pte */
+ .bits = pte_bits,
+ .num = ARRAY_SIZE(pte_bits),
+ },
+};
+
+static void dump_prot(struct pg_state *st, const struct prot_bits *bits,
+ size_t num)
+{
+ unsigned i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++, bits++) {
+ const char *s;
+
+ if ((st->current_prot & bits->mask) == bits->val)
+ s = bits->set;
+ else
+ s = bits->clear;
+
+ if (s)
+ seq_printf(st->seq, " %s", s);
+ }
+}
+
+static void note_page(struct pg_state *st, unsigned long addr, unsigned level,
+ u64 val)
+{
+ static const char units[] = "KMGTPE";
+ u64 prot = val & pg_level[level].mask;
+
+ if (addr < LOWEST_ADDR)
+ return;
+
+ if (!st->level) {
+ st->level = level;
+ st->current_prot = prot;
+ st->start_address = addr;
+ seq_printf(st->seq, "---[ %s ]---\n", st->marker->name);
+ } else if (prot != st->current_prot || level != st->level ||
+ addr >= st->marker[1].start_address) {
+ const char *unit = units;
+ unsigned long delta;
+
+ if (st->current_prot) {
+ seq_printf(st->seq, "0x%16lx-0x%16lx ",
+ st->start_address, addr);
+
+ delta = (addr - st->start_address) >> 10;
+ while (!(delta & 1023) && unit[1]) {
+ delta >>= 10;
+ unit++;
+ }
+ seq_printf(st->seq, "%9lu%c", delta, *unit);
+ if (pg_level[st->level].bits)
+ dump_prot(st, pg_level[st->level].bits,
+ pg_level[st->level].num);
+ seq_puts(st->seq, "\n");
+ }
+
+ if (addr >= st->marker[1].start_address) {
+ st->marker++;
+ seq_printf(st->seq, "---[ %s ]---\n", st->marker->name);
+ }
+
+ st->start_address = addr;
+ st->current_prot = prot;
+ st->level = level;
+ }
+
+ if (addr >= st->marker[1].start_address) {
+ st->marker++;
+ seq_printf(st->seq, "---[ %s ]---\n", st->marker->name);
+ }
+
+}
+
+static void walk_pte(struct pg_state *st, pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long start)
+{
+ pte_t *pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, 0);
+ unsigned long addr;
+ unsigned i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PTE; i++, pte++) {
+ addr = start + i * PAGE_SIZE;
+ note_page(st, addr, 4, pte_val(*pte));
+ }
+}
+
+static void walk_pmd(struct pg_state *st, pud_t *pud, unsigned long start)
+{
+ pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, 0);
+ unsigned long addr;
+ unsigned i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PMD; i++, pmd++) {
+ addr = start + i * PMD_SIZE;
+ if (pmd_none(*pmd) || pmd_sect(*pmd) || pmd_bad(*pmd))
+ note_page(st, addr, 3, pmd_val(*pmd));
+ else
+ walk_pte(st, pmd, addr);
+ }
+}
+
+static void walk_pud(struct pg_state *st, pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long start)
+{
+ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(pgd, 0);
+ unsigned long addr;
+ unsigned i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PUD; i++, pud++) {
+ addr = start + i * PUD_SIZE;
+ if (pud_none(*pud) || pud_sect(*pud) || pud_bad(*pud))
+ note_page(st, addr, 2, pud_val(*pud));
+ else
+ walk_pmd(st, pud, addr);
+ }
+}
+
+static void walk_pgd(struct pg_state *st, struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd = pgd_offset(mm, 0);
+ unsigned i;
+ unsigned long addr;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < PTRS_PER_PGD; i++, pgd++) {
+ addr = start + i * PGDIR_SIZE;
+ if (pgd_none(*pgd) || pgd_bad(*pgd))
+ note_page(st, addr, 1, pgd_val(*pgd));
+ else
+ walk_pud(st, pgd, addr);
+ }
+}
+
+static int ptdump_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+ struct pg_state st = {
+ .seq = m,
+ .marker = address_markers,
+ };
+
+ walk_pgd(&st, &init_mm, LOWEST_ADDR);
+
+ note_page(&st, 0, 0, 0);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ptdump_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ return single_open(file, ptdump_show, NULL);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations ptdump_fops = {
+ .open = ptdump_open,
+ .read = seq_read,
+ .llseek = seq_lseek,
+ .release = single_release,
+};
+
+static int ptdump_init(void)
+{
+ struct dentry *pe;
+ unsigned i, j;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pg_level); i++)
+ if (pg_level[i].bits)
+ for (j = 0; j < pg_level[i].num; j++)
+ pg_level[i].mask |= pg_level[i].bits[j].mask;
+
+ address_markers[VMEMMAP_START_NR].start_address =
+ (unsigned long)virt_to_page(PAGE_OFFSET);
+ address_markers[VMEMMAP_END_NR].start_address =
+ (unsigned long)virt_to_page(high_memory);
+
+ pe = debugfs_create_file("kernel_page_tables", 0400, NULL, NULL,
+ &ptdump_fops);
+ return pe ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
+}
+device_initcall(ptdump_init);