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authorTushar Sugandhi <tusharsu@linux.microsoft.com>2021-07-12 17:48:58 -0700
committerMike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>2021-08-10 13:32:40 -0400
commit91ccbbac1747eea155632a1c6bb100052309b215 (patch)
treeeb0fd0c79d6e90100da2c75fc86699e45f1e6c70
parente3a35d03407cb3ef9488835aa861e07b45638d0b (diff)
downloadlinux-91ccbbac1747eea155632a1c6bb100052309b215.tar.gz
dm ima: measure data on table load
DM configures a block device with various target specific attributes passed to it as a table. DM loads the table, and calls each target’s respective constructors with the attributes as input parameters. Some of these attributes are critical to ensure the device meets certain security bar. Thus, IMA should measure these attributes, to ensure they are not tampered with, during the lifetime of the device. So that the external services can have high confidence in the configuration of the block-devices on a given system. Some devices may have large tables. And a given device may change its state (table-load, suspend, resume, rename, remove, table-clear etc.) many times. Measuring these attributes each time when the device changes its state will significantly increase the size of the IMA logs. Further, once configured, these attributes are not expected to change unless a new table is loaded, or a device is removed and recreated. Therefore the clear-text of the attributes should only be measured during table load, and the hash of the active/inactive table should be measured for the remaining device state changes. Export IMA function ima_measure_critical_data() to allow measurement of DM device parameters, as well as target specific attributes, during table load. Compute the hash of the inactive table and store it for measurements during future state change. If a load is called multiple times, update the inactive table hash with the hash of the latest populated table. So that the correct inactive table hash is measured when the device transitions to different states like resume, remove, rename, etc. Signed-off-by: Tushar Sugandhi <tusharsu@linux.microsoft.com> Signed-off-by: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com> # leak fix Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/Makefile4
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-core.h5
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-ima.c330
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-ima.h59
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c7
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm.c3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/device-mapper.h2
-rw-r--r--include/uapi/linux/dm-ioctl.h6
-rw-r--r--security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c1
9 files changed, 415 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/md/Makefile b/drivers/md/Makefile
index a74aaf8b1445..816945eeed7f 100644
--- a/drivers/md/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/md/Makefile
@@ -96,6 +96,10 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_BLK_DEV_ZONED),y)
dm-mod-objs += dm-zone.o
endif
+ifeq ($(CONFIG_IMA),y)
+dm-mod-objs += dm-ima.o
+endif
+
ifeq ($(CONFIG_DM_VERITY_FEC),y)
dm-verity-objs += dm-verity-fec.o
endif
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-core.h b/drivers/md/dm-core.h
index edc1553c4eea..55dccdfbcb22 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-core.h
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-core.h
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@
#include <trace/events/block.h>
#include "dm.h"
+#include "dm-ima.h"
#define DM_RESERVED_MAX_IOS 1024
@@ -119,6 +120,10 @@ struct mapped_device {
unsigned int nr_zones;
unsigned int *zwp_offset;
#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_IMA
+ struct dm_ima_measurements ima;
+#endif
};
/*
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-ima.c b/drivers/md/dm-ima.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..c8f54d9f6c8d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-ima.c
@@ -0,0 +1,330 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 Microsoft Corporation
+ *
+ * Author: Tushar Sugandhi <tusharsu@linux.microsoft.com>
+ *
+ * File: dm-ima.c
+ * Enables IMA measurements for DM targets
+ */
+
+#include "dm-core.h"
+#include "dm-ima.h"
+
+#include <linux/ima.h>
+#include <crypto/hash.h>
+#include <linux/crypto.h>
+#include <crypto/hash_info.h>
+
+#define DM_MSG_PREFIX "ima"
+
+/*
+ * Internal function to prefix separator characters in input buffer with escape
+ * character, so that they don't interfere with the construction of key-value pairs,
+ * and clients can split the key1=val1,key2=val2,key3=val3; pairs properly.
+ */
+static void fix_separator_chars(char **buf)
+{
+ int l = strlen(*buf);
+ int i, j, sp = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < l; i++)
+ if ((*buf)[i] == '\\' || (*buf)[i] == ';' || (*buf)[i] == '=' || (*buf)[i] == ',')
+ sp++;
+
+ if (!sp)
+ return;
+
+ for (i = l-1, j = i+sp; i >= 0; i--) {
+ (*buf)[j--] = (*buf)[i];
+ if ((*buf)[i] == '\\' || (*buf)[i] == ';' || (*buf)[i] == '=' || (*buf)[i] == ',')
+ (*buf)[j--] = '\\';
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Internal function to allocate memory for IMA measurements.
+ */
+static void *dm_ima_alloc(size_t len, gfp_t flags, bool noio)
+{
+ unsigned int noio_flag;
+ void *ptr;
+
+ if (noio)
+ noio_flag = memalloc_noio_save();
+
+ ptr = kzalloc(len, flags);
+
+ if (noio)
+ memalloc_noio_restore(noio_flag);
+
+ return ptr;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Internal function to allocate and copy name and uuid for IMA measurements.
+ */
+static int dm_ima_alloc_and_copy_name_uuid(struct mapped_device *md, char **dev_name,
+ char **dev_uuid, bool noio)
+{
+ int r;
+ *dev_name = dm_ima_alloc(DM_NAME_LEN*2, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!(*dev_name)) {
+ r = -ENOMEM;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ *dev_uuid = dm_ima_alloc(DM_UUID_LEN*2, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!(*dev_uuid)) {
+ r = -ENOMEM;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ r = dm_copy_name_and_uuid(md, *dev_name, *dev_uuid);
+ if (r)
+ goto error;
+
+ fix_separator_chars(dev_name);
+ fix_separator_chars(dev_uuid);
+
+ return 0;
+error:
+ kfree(*dev_name);
+ kfree(*dev_uuid);
+ *dev_name = NULL;
+ *dev_uuid = NULL;
+ return r;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Internal function to allocate and copy device data for IMA measurements.
+ */
+static int dm_ima_alloc_and_copy_device_data(struct mapped_device *md, char **device_data,
+ unsigned int num_targets, bool noio)
+{
+ char *dev_name = NULL, *dev_uuid = NULL;
+ int r;
+
+ r = dm_ima_alloc_and_copy_name_uuid(md, &dev_name, &dev_uuid, noio);
+ if (r)
+ return r;
+
+ *device_data = dm_ima_alloc(DM_IMA_DEVICE_BUF_LEN, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!(*device_data)) {
+ r = -ENOMEM;
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ scnprintf(*device_data, DM_IMA_DEVICE_BUF_LEN,
+ "name=%s,uuid=%s,major=%d,minor=%d,minor_count=%d,num_targets=%u;",
+ dev_name, dev_uuid, md->disk->major, md->disk->first_minor,
+ md->disk->minors, num_targets);
+error:
+ kfree(dev_name);
+ kfree(dev_uuid);
+ return r;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Internal wrapper function to call IMA to measure DM data.
+ */
+static void dm_ima_measure_data(const char *event_name, const void *buf, size_t buf_len,
+ bool noio)
+{
+ unsigned int noio_flag;
+
+ if (noio)
+ noio_flag = memalloc_noio_save();
+
+ ima_measure_critical_data(DM_NAME, event_name, buf, buf_len, false);
+
+ if (noio)
+ memalloc_noio_restore(noio_flag);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize/reset the dm ima related data structure variables.
+ */
+void dm_ima_reset_data(struct mapped_device *md)
+{
+ memset(&(md->ima), 0, sizeof(md->ima));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Build up the IMA data for each target, and finally measure.
+ */
+void dm_ima_measure_on_table_load(struct dm_table *table, unsigned int status_flags)
+{
+ size_t device_data_buf_len, target_metadata_buf_len, target_data_buf_len, l = 0;
+ char *target_metadata_buf = NULL, *target_data_buf = NULL, *digest_buf = NULL;
+ char *ima_buf = NULL, *device_data_buf = NULL;
+ int digest_size, last_target_measured = -1, r;
+ status_type_t type = STATUSTYPE_IMA;
+ size_t cur_total_buf_len = 0;
+ unsigned int num_targets, i;
+ SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(shash, NULL);
+ struct crypto_shash *tfm = NULL;
+ u8 *digest = NULL;
+ bool noio = false;
+
+ ima_buf = dm_ima_alloc(DM_IMA_MEASUREMENT_BUF_LEN, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!ima_buf)
+ return;
+
+ target_metadata_buf = dm_ima_alloc(DM_IMA_TARGET_METADATA_BUF_LEN, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!target_metadata_buf)
+ goto error;
+
+ target_data_buf = dm_ima_alloc(DM_IMA_TARGET_DATA_BUF_LEN, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!target_data_buf)
+ goto error;
+
+ num_targets = dm_table_get_num_targets(table);
+
+ if (dm_ima_alloc_and_copy_device_data(table->md, &device_data_buf, num_targets, noio))
+ goto error;
+
+ tfm = crypto_alloc_shash("sha256", 0, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(tfm))
+ goto error;
+
+ shash->tfm = tfm;
+ digest_size = crypto_shash_digestsize(tfm);
+ digest = dm_ima_alloc(digest_size, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!digest)
+ goto error;
+
+ r = crypto_shash_init(shash);
+ if (r)
+ goto error;
+
+ device_data_buf_len = strlen(device_data_buf);
+ memcpy(ima_buf + l, device_data_buf, device_data_buf_len);
+ l += device_data_buf_len;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_targets; i++) {
+ struct dm_target *ti = dm_table_get_target(table, i);
+
+ if (!ti)
+ goto error;
+
+ last_target_measured = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * First retrieve the target metadata.
+ */
+ scnprintf(target_metadata_buf, DM_IMA_TARGET_METADATA_BUF_LEN,
+ "target_index=%d,target_begin=%llu,target_len=%llu,",
+ i, ti->begin, ti->len);
+ target_metadata_buf_len = strlen(target_metadata_buf);
+
+ /*
+ * Then retrieve the actual target data.
+ */
+ if (ti->type->status)
+ ti->type->status(ti, type, status_flags, target_data_buf,
+ DM_IMA_TARGET_DATA_BUF_LEN);
+ else
+ target_data_buf[0] = '\0';
+
+ target_data_buf_len = strlen(target_data_buf);
+
+ /*
+ * Check if the total data can fit into the IMA buffer.
+ */
+ cur_total_buf_len = l + target_metadata_buf_len + target_data_buf_len;
+
+ /*
+ * IMA measurements for DM targets are best-effort.
+ * If the total data buffered so far, including the current target,
+ * is too large to fit into DM_IMA_MEASUREMENT_BUF_LEN, measure what
+ * we have in the current buffer, and continue measuring the remaining
+ * targets by prefixing the device metadata again.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(cur_total_buf_len >= DM_IMA_MEASUREMENT_BUF_LEN)) {
+ dm_ima_measure_data("table_load", ima_buf, l, noio);
+ r = crypto_shash_update(shash, (const u8 *)ima_buf, l);
+ if (r < 0)
+ goto error;
+
+ memset(ima_buf, 0, DM_IMA_MEASUREMENT_BUF_LEN);
+ l = 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Each new "table_load" entry in IMA log should have device data
+ * prefix, so that multiple records from the same table_load for
+ * a given device can be linked together.
+ */
+ memcpy(ima_buf + l, device_data_buf, device_data_buf_len);
+ l += device_data_buf_len;
+
+ /*
+ * If this iteration of the for loop turns out to be the last target
+ * in the table, dm_ima_measure_data("table_load", ...) doesn't need
+ * to be called again, just the hash needs to be finalized.
+ * "last_target_measured" tracks this state.
+ */
+ last_target_measured = 1;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Fill-in all the target metadata, so that multiple targets for the same
+ * device can be linked together.
+ */
+ memcpy(ima_buf + l, target_metadata_buf, target_metadata_buf_len);
+ l += target_metadata_buf_len;
+
+ memcpy(ima_buf + l, target_data_buf, target_data_buf_len);
+ l += target_data_buf_len;
+ }
+
+ if (!last_target_measured) {
+ dm_ima_measure_data("table_load", ima_buf, l, noio);
+
+ r = crypto_shash_update(shash, (const u8 *)ima_buf, l);
+ if (r < 0)
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Finalize the table hash, and store it in table->md->ima.inactive_table.hash,
+ * so that the table data can be verified against the future device state change
+ * events, e.g. resume, rename, remove, table-clear etc.
+ */
+ r = crypto_shash_final(shash, digest);
+ if (r < 0)
+ goto error;
+
+ digest_buf = dm_ima_alloc((digest_size*2)+1, GFP_KERNEL, noio);
+ if (!digest_buf)
+ goto error;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < digest_size; i++)
+ snprintf((digest_buf+(i*2)), 3, "%02x", digest[i]);
+
+ if (table->md->ima.active_table.hash != table->md->ima.inactive_table.hash)
+ kfree(table->md->ima.inactive_table.hash);
+
+ table->md->ima.inactive_table.hash = digest_buf;
+ table->md->ima.inactive_table.hash_len = strlen(digest_buf);
+ table->md->ima.inactive_table.num_targets = num_targets;
+
+ if (table->md->ima.active_table.device_metadata !=
+ table->md->ima.inactive_table.device_metadata)
+ kfree(table->md->ima.inactive_table.device_metadata);
+
+ table->md->ima.inactive_table.device_metadata = device_data_buf;
+ table->md->ima.inactive_table.device_metadata_len = device_data_buf_len;
+
+ goto exit;
+error:
+ kfree(digest_buf);
+ kfree(device_data_buf);
+exit:
+ kfree(digest);
+ if (tfm)
+ crypto_free_shash(tfm);
+ kfree(ima_buf);
+ kfree(target_metadata_buf);
+ kfree(target_data_buf);
+}
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-ima.h b/drivers/md/dm-ima.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..16afd9a8c0b2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-ima.h
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2021 Microsoft Corporation
+ *
+ * Author: Tushar Sugandhi <tusharsu@linux.microsoft.com>
+ *
+ * File: dm-ima.h
+ * Header file for device mapper IMA measurements.
+ */
+
+#ifndef DM_IMA_H
+#define DM_IMA_H
+
+#define DM_IMA_MEASUREMENT_BUF_LEN 4096
+#define DM_IMA_DEVICE_BUF_LEN 1024
+#define DM_IMA_TARGET_METADATA_BUF_LEN 128
+#define DM_IMA_TARGET_DATA_BUF_LEN 2048
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_IMA
+
+struct dm_ima_device_table_metadata {
+ /*
+ * Contains data specific to the device which is common across
+ * all the targets in the table (e.g. name, uuid, major, minor, etc).
+ * The values are stored in comma separated list of key1=val1,key2=val2;
+ * pairs delimited by a semicolon at the end of the list.
+ */
+ char *device_metadata;
+ unsigned int device_metadata_len;
+ unsigned int num_targets;
+
+ /*
+ * Contains the sha256 hashes of the IMA measurements of the target
+ * attributes' key-value pairs from the active/inactive tables.
+ */
+ char *hash;
+ unsigned int hash_len;
+};
+
+/*
+ * This structure contains device metadata, and table hash for
+ * active and inactive tables for ima measurements.
+ */
+struct dm_ima_measurements {
+ struct dm_ima_device_table_metadata active_table;
+ struct dm_ima_device_table_metadata inactive_table;
+};
+
+void dm_ima_reset_data(struct mapped_device *md);
+void dm_ima_measure_on_table_load(struct dm_table *table, unsigned int status_flags);
+
+#else
+
+static inline void dm_ima_reset_data(struct mapped_device *md) {}
+static inline void dm_ima_measure_on_table_load(struct dm_table *table, unsigned int status_flags) {}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_IMA */
+
+#endif /* DM_IMA_H */
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c b/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c
index 2575074a2204..d7c3456bf858 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-ioctl.c
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
*/
#include "dm-core.h"
-
+#include "dm-ima.h"
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
@@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
#include <linux/compat.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/ima.h>
#define DM_MSG_PREFIX "ioctl"
#define DM_DRIVER_EMAIL "dm-devel@redhat.com"
@@ -1224,6 +1225,8 @@ static void retrieve_status(struct dm_table *table,
if (param->flags & DM_STATUS_TABLE_FLAG)
type = STATUSTYPE_TABLE;
+ else if (param->flags & DM_IMA_MEASUREMENT_FLAG)
+ type = STATUSTYPE_IMA;
else
type = STATUSTYPE_INFO;
@@ -1425,6 +1428,8 @@ static int table_load(struct file *filp, struct dm_ioctl *param, size_t param_si
if (r)
goto err_unlock_md_type;
+ dm_ima_measure_on_table_load(t, STATUSTYPE_IMA);
+
immutable_target_type = dm_get_immutable_target_type(md);
if (immutable_target_type &&
(immutable_target_type != dm_table_get_immutable_target_type(t)) &&
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm.c b/drivers/md/dm.c
index 7981b7287628..33e55ac9ec65 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm.c
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
#include "dm-core.h"
#include "dm-rq.h"
#include "dm-uevent.h"
+#include "dm-ima.h"
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
@@ -1997,6 +1998,8 @@ int dm_create(int minor, struct mapped_device **result)
if (!md)
return -ENXIO;
+ dm_ima_reset_data(md);
+
*result = md;
return 0;
}
diff --git a/include/linux/device-mapper.h b/include/linux/device-mapper.h
index 7457d49acf9a..74486c332946 100644
--- a/include/linux/device-mapper.h
+++ b/include/linux/device-mapper.h
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@ enum dm_queue_mode {
DM_TYPE_DAX_BIO_BASED = 3,
};
-typedef enum { STATUSTYPE_INFO, STATUSTYPE_TABLE } status_type_t;
+typedef enum { STATUSTYPE_INFO, STATUSTYPE_TABLE, STATUSTYPE_IMA } status_type_t;
union map_info {
void *ptr;
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/dm-ioctl.h b/include/uapi/linux/dm-ioctl.h
index e5c6e458bdf7..c12ce30b52df 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/dm-ioctl.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/dm-ioctl.h
@@ -376,4 +376,10 @@ enum {
*/
#define DM_INTERNAL_SUSPEND_FLAG (1 << 18) /* Out */
+/*
+ * If set, returns in the in buffer passed by UM, the raw table information
+ * that would be measured by IMA subsystem on device state change.
+ */
+#define DM_IMA_MEASUREMENT_FLAG (1 << 19) /* In */
+
#endif /* _LINUX_DM_IOCTL_H */
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
index 287b90509006..673833f94069 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
@@ -985,6 +985,7 @@ void ima_measure_critical_data(const char *event_label,
CRITICAL_DATA, 0, event_label,
hash);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ima_measure_critical_data);
static int __init init_ima(void)
{