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authorArd Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>2015-06-01 13:40:32 +0200
committerCatalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>2015-06-02 16:31:33 +0100
commit61bd93ce801bb6df36eda257a9d2d16c02863cdd (patch)
treeca3bb08e7b2e8223ca612e51fd44c4e0fd7e1670
parent24bbd929e6b9e62afd263c42b4318d3b603c956c (diff)
downloadlinux-61bd93ce801bb6df36eda257a9d2d16c02863cdd.tar.gz
arm64: use fixmap region for permanent FDT mapping
Currently, the FDT blob needs to be in the same 512 MB region as the kernel, so that it can be mapped into the kernel virtual memory space very early on using a minimal set of statically allocated translation tables. Now that we have early fixmap support, we can relax this restriction, by moving the permanent FDT mapping to the fixmap region instead. This way, the FDT blob may be anywhere in memory. This also moves the vetting of the FDT to mmu.c, since the early init code in head.S does not handle mapping of the FDT anymore. At the same time, fix up some comments in head.S that have gone stale. Reviewed-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Tested-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/arm64/booting.txt10
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/boot.h14
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h15
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/head.S39
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c30
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/init.c1
-rw-r--r--arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c66
9 files changed, 115 insertions, 63 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/booting.txt b/Documentation/arm64/booting.txt
index f3c05b5f9f08..1690350f16e7 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/booting.txt
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/booting.txt
@@ -45,11 +45,13 @@ sees fit.)
Requirement: MANDATORY
-The device tree blob (dtb) must be placed on an 8-byte boundary within
-the first 512 megabytes from the start of the kernel image and must not
-cross a 2-megabyte boundary. This is to allow the kernel to map the
-blob using a single section mapping in the initial page tables.
+The device tree blob (dtb) must be placed on an 8-byte boundary and must
+not exceed 2 megabytes in size. Since the dtb will be mapped cacheable
+using blocks of up to 2 megabytes in size, it must not be placed within
+any 2M region which must be mapped with any specific attributes.
+NOTE: versions prior to v4.2 also require that the DTB be placed within
+the 512 MB region starting at text_offset bytes below the kernel Image.
3. Decompress the kernel image
------------------------------
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/boot.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/boot.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..81151b67b26b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/boot.h
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+
+#ifndef __ASM_BOOT_H
+#define __ASM_BOOT_H
+
+#include <asm/sizes.h>
+
+/*
+ * arm64 requires the DTB to be 8 byte aligned and
+ * not exceed 2MB in size.
+ */
+#define MIN_FDT_ALIGN 8
+#define MAX_FDT_SIZE SZ_2M
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
index 95e6b6dcbe37..c0739187a920 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
@@ -17,6 +17,7 @@
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <asm/boot.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
/*
@@ -32,6 +33,20 @@
*/
enum fixed_addresses {
FIX_HOLE,
+
+ /*
+ * Reserve a virtual window for the FDT that is 2 MB larger than the
+ * maximum supported size, and put it at the top of the fixmap region.
+ * The additional space ensures that any FDT that does not exceed
+ * MAX_FDT_SIZE can be mapped regardless of whether it crosses any
+ * 2 MB alignment boundaries.
+ *
+ * Keep this at the top so it remains 2 MB aligned.
+ */
+#define FIX_FDT_SIZE (MAX_FDT_SIZE + SZ_2M)
+ FIX_FDT_END,
+ FIX_FDT = FIX_FDT_END + FIX_FDT_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE - 1,
+
FIX_EARLYCON_MEM_BASE,
FIX_TEXT_POKE0,
__end_of_permanent_fixed_addresses,
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
index 3d311761e3c2..79fcfb048884 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -34,5 +34,6 @@ extern void init_mem_pgprot(void);
extern void create_pgd_mapping(struct mm_struct *mm, phys_addr_t phys,
unsigned long virt, phys_addr_t size,
pgprot_t prot);
+extern void *fixmap_remap_fdt(phys_addr_t dt_phys);
#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
index 19f915e8f6e0..30cffc5e7402 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
@@ -237,8 +237,6 @@ ENTRY(stext)
bl el2_setup // Drop to EL1, w20=cpu_boot_mode
adrp x24, __PHYS_OFFSET
bl set_cpu_boot_mode_flag
-
- bl __vet_fdt
bl __create_page_tables // x25=TTBR0, x26=TTBR1
/*
* The following calls CPU setup code, see arch/arm64/mm/proc.S for
@@ -270,24 +268,6 @@ preserve_boot_args:
ENDPROC(preserve_boot_args)
/*
- * Determine validity of the x21 FDT pointer.
- * The dtb must be 8-byte aligned and live in the first 512M of memory.
- */
-__vet_fdt:
- tst x21, #0x7
- b.ne 1f
- cmp x21, x24
- b.lt 1f
- mov x0, #(1 << 29)
- add x0, x0, x24
- cmp x21, x0
- b.ge 1f
- ret
-1:
- mov x21, #0
- ret
-ENDPROC(__vet_fdt)
-/*
* Macro to create a table entry to the next page.
*
* tbl: page table address
@@ -348,8 +328,7 @@ ENDPROC(__vet_fdt)
* required to get the kernel running. The following sections are required:
* - identity mapping to enable the MMU (low address, TTBR0)
* - first few MB of the kernel linear mapping to jump to once the MMU has
- * been enabled, including the FDT blob (TTBR1)
- * - pgd entry for fixed mappings (TTBR1)
+ * been enabled
*/
__create_page_tables:
adrp x25, idmap_pg_dir
@@ -439,22 +418,6 @@ __create_page_tables:
create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
/*
- * Map the FDT blob (maximum 2MB; must be within 512MB of
- * PHYS_OFFSET).
- */
- mov x3, x21 // FDT phys address
- and x3, x3, #~((1 << 21) - 1) // 2MB aligned
- mov x6, #PAGE_OFFSET
- sub x5, x3, x24 // subtract PHYS_OFFSET
- tst x5, #~((1 << 29) - 1) // within 512MB?
- csel x21, xzr, x21, ne // zero the FDT pointer
- b.ne 1f
- add x5, x5, x6 // __va(FDT blob)
- add x6, x5, #1 << 21 // 2MB for the FDT blob
- sub x6, x6, #1 // inclusive range
- create_block_map x0, x7, x3, x5, x6
-1:
- /*
* Since the page tables have been populated with non-cacheable
* accesses (MMU disabled), invalidate the idmap and swapper page
* tables again to remove any speculatively loaded cache lines.
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
index 508cca1f8dce..ffd3970721bf 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
@@ -105,18 +105,6 @@ static struct resource mem_res[] = {
#define kernel_code mem_res[0]
#define kernel_data mem_res[1]
-void __init early_print(const char *str, ...)
-{
- char buf[256];
- va_list ap;
-
- va_start(ap, str);
- vsnprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), str, ap);
- va_end(ap);
-
- printk("%s", buf);
-}
-
/*
* The recorded values of x0 .. x3 upon kernel entry.
*/
@@ -326,12 +314,14 @@ static void __init setup_processor(void)
static void __init setup_machine_fdt(phys_addr_t dt_phys)
{
- if (!dt_phys || !early_init_dt_scan(phys_to_virt(dt_phys))) {
- early_print("\n"
- "Error: invalid device tree blob at physical address 0x%p (virtual address 0x%p)\n"
- "The dtb must be 8-byte aligned and passed in the first 512MB of memory\n"
- "\nPlease check your bootloader.\n",
- dt_phys, phys_to_virt(dt_phys));
+ void *dt_virt = fixmap_remap_fdt(dt_phys);
+
+ if (!dt_virt || !early_init_dt_scan(dt_virt)) {
+ pr_crit("\n"
+ "Error: invalid device tree blob at physical address %pa (virtual address 0x%p)\n"
+ "The dtb must be 8-byte aligned and must not exceed 2 MB in size\n"
+ "\nPlease check your bootloader.",
+ &dt_phys, dt_virt);
while (true)
cpu_relax();
@@ -374,8 +364,6 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
{
setup_processor();
- setup_machine_fdt(__fdt_pointer);
-
init_mm.start_code = (unsigned long) _text;
init_mm.end_code = (unsigned long) _etext;
init_mm.end_data = (unsigned long) _edata;
@@ -386,6 +374,8 @@ void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
early_fixmap_init();
early_ioremap_init();
+ setup_machine_fdt(__fdt_pointer);
+
parse_early_param();
/*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
index 773d37a14039..9d84feb41a16 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/Makefile
@@ -4,3 +4,5 @@ obj-y := dma-mapping.o extable.o fault.o init.o \
context.o proc.o pageattr.o
obj-$(CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE) += hugetlbpage.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARM64_PTDUMP) += dump.o
+
+CFLAGS_mmu.o := -I$(srctree)/scripts/dtc/libfdt/
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
index 89a05f467ffb..597831bdddf3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/init.c
@@ -170,7 +170,6 @@ void __init arm64_memblock_init(void)
memblock_reserve(__virt_to_phys(initrd_start), initrd_end - initrd_start);
#endif
- early_init_fdt_reserve_self();
early_init_fdt_scan_reserved_mem();
/* 4GB maximum for 32-bit only capable devices */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
index 5b8b664422d3..82d3435bf14f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/mm/mmu.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/libfdt.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
@@ -643,3 +644,68 @@ void __set_fixmap(enum fixed_addresses idx,
flush_tlb_kernel_range(addr, addr+PAGE_SIZE);
}
}
+
+void *__init fixmap_remap_fdt(phys_addr_t dt_phys)
+{
+ const u64 dt_virt_base = __fix_to_virt(FIX_FDT);
+ pgprot_t prot = PAGE_KERNEL | PTE_RDONLY;
+ int granularity, size, offset;
+ void *dt_virt;
+
+ /*
+ * Check whether the physical FDT address is set and meets the minimum
+ * alignment requirement. Since we are relying on MIN_FDT_ALIGN to be
+ * at least 8 bytes so that we can always access the size field of the
+ * FDT header after mapping the first chunk, double check here if that
+ * is indeed the case.
+ */
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(MIN_FDT_ALIGN < 8);
+ if (!dt_phys || dt_phys % MIN_FDT_ALIGN)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure that the FDT region can be mapped without the need to
+ * allocate additional translation table pages, so that it is safe
+ * to call create_mapping() this early.
+ *
+ * On 64k pages, the FDT will be mapped using PTEs, so we need to
+ * be in the same PMD as the rest of the fixmap.
+ * On 4k pages, we'll use section mappings for the FDT so we only
+ * have to be in the same PUD.
+ */
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(dt_virt_base % SZ_2M);
+
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ARM64_64K_PAGES)) {
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(__fix_to_virt(FIX_FDT_END) >> PMD_SHIFT !=
+ __fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN) >> PMD_SHIFT);
+
+ granularity = PAGE_SIZE;
+ } else {
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(__fix_to_virt(FIX_FDT_END) >> PUD_SHIFT !=
+ __fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN) >> PUD_SHIFT);
+
+ granularity = PMD_SIZE;
+ }
+
+ offset = dt_phys % granularity;
+ dt_virt = (void *)dt_virt_base + offset;
+
+ /* map the first chunk so we can read the size from the header */
+ create_mapping(round_down(dt_phys, granularity), dt_virt_base,
+ granularity, prot);
+
+ if (fdt_check_header(dt_virt) != 0)
+ return NULL;
+
+ size = fdt_totalsize(dt_virt);
+ if (size > MAX_FDT_SIZE)
+ return NULL;
+
+ if (offset + size > granularity)
+ create_mapping(round_down(dt_phys, granularity), dt_virt_base,
+ round_up(offset + size, granularity), prot);
+
+ memblock_reserve(dt_phys, size);
+
+ return dt_virt;
+}