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authorDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2015-03-05 14:09:22 +0000
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2015-04-15 15:05:28 -0400
commit4bf46a272647d89e780126b52eda04737defd9f4 (patch)
tree989bac3ffce8a0f7f9184e14afb2dd9c28693cfe
parent525d27b23555419e0e7b73fb6e78d4d678cb4f32 (diff)
downloadlinux-4bf46a272647d89e780126b52eda04737defd9f4.tar.gz
VFS: Impose ordering on accesses of d_inode and d_flags
Impose ordering on accesses of d_inode and d_flags to avoid the need to do this: if (!dentry->d_inode || d_is_negative(dentry)) { when this: if (d_is_negative(dentry)) { should suffice. This check is especially problematic if a dentry can have its type field set to something other than DENTRY_MISS_TYPE when d_inode is NULL (as in unionmount). What we really need to do is stick a write barrier between setting d_inode and setting d_flags and a read barrier between reading d_flags and reading d_inode. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
-rw-r--r--fs/dcache.c47
-rw-r--r--include/linux/dcache.h21
2 files changed, 42 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/fs/dcache.c b/fs/dcache.c
index d99736a63e3c..656ce522a218 100644
--- a/fs/dcache.c
+++ b/fs/dcache.c
@@ -269,6 +269,41 @@ static inline int dname_external(const struct dentry *dentry)
return dentry->d_name.name != dentry->d_iname;
}
+/*
+ * Make sure other CPUs see the inode attached before the type is set.
+ */
+static inline void __d_set_inode_and_type(struct dentry *dentry,
+ struct inode *inode,
+ unsigned type_flags)
+{
+ unsigned flags;
+
+ dentry->d_inode = inode;
+ smp_wmb();
+ flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
+ flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU);
+ flags |= type_flags;
+ WRITE_ONCE(dentry->d_flags, flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Ideally, we want to make sure that other CPUs see the flags cleared before
+ * the inode is detached, but this is really a violation of RCU principles
+ * since the ordering suggests we should always set inode before flags.
+ *
+ * We should instead replace or discard the entire dentry - but that sucks
+ * performancewise on mass deletion/rename.
+ */
+static inline void __d_clear_type_and_inode(struct dentry *dentry)
+{
+ unsigned flags = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
+
+ flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU);
+ WRITE_ONCE(dentry->d_flags, flags);
+ smp_wmb();
+ dentry->d_inode = NULL;
+}
+
static void dentry_free(struct dentry *dentry)
{
WARN_ON(!hlist_unhashed(&dentry->d_u.d_alias));
@@ -311,7 +346,7 @@ static void dentry_iput(struct dentry * dentry)
{
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
if (inode) {
- dentry->d_inode = NULL;
+ __d_clear_type_and_inode(dentry);
hlist_del_init(&dentry->d_u.d_alias);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
@@ -335,8 +370,7 @@ static void dentry_unlink_inode(struct dentry * dentry)
__releases(dentry->d_inode->i_lock)
{
struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
- __d_clear_type(dentry);
- dentry->d_inode = NULL;
+ __d_clear_type_and_inode(dentry);
hlist_del_init(&dentry->d_u.d_alias);
dentry_rcuwalk_barrier(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
@@ -1715,11 +1749,9 @@ static void __d_instantiate(struct dentry *dentry, struct inode *inode)
unsigned add_flags = d_flags_for_inode(inode);
spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
- dentry->d_flags &= ~(DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE | DCACHE_FALLTHRU);
- dentry->d_flags |= add_flags;
if (inode)
hlist_add_head(&dentry->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry);
- dentry->d_inode = inode;
+ __d_set_inode_and_type(dentry, inode, add_flags);
dentry_rcuwalk_barrier(dentry);
spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
fsnotify_d_instantiate(dentry, inode);
@@ -1937,8 +1969,7 @@ static struct dentry *__d_obtain_alias(struct inode *inode, int disconnected)
add_flags |= DCACHE_DISCONNECTED;
spin_lock(&tmp->d_lock);
- tmp->d_inode = inode;
- tmp->d_flags |= add_flags;
+ __d_set_inode_and_type(tmp, inode, add_flags);
hlist_add_head(&tmp->d_u.d_alias, &inode->i_dentry);
hlist_bl_lock(&tmp->d_sb->s_anon);
hlist_bl_add_head(&tmp->d_hash, &tmp->d_sb->s_anon);
diff --git a/include/linux/dcache.h b/include/linux/dcache.h
index e83768ee38fc..df334cbacc6d 100644
--- a/include/linux/dcache.h
+++ b/include/linux/dcache.h
@@ -404,26 +404,11 @@ static inline bool d_mountpoint(const struct dentry *dentry)
/*
* Directory cache entry type accessor functions.
*/
-static inline void __d_set_type(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned type)
-{
- dentry->d_flags = (dentry->d_flags & ~DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE) | type;
-}
-
-static inline void __d_clear_type(struct dentry *dentry)
-{
- __d_set_type(dentry, DCACHE_MISS_TYPE);
-}
-
-static inline void d_set_type(struct dentry *dentry, unsigned type)
-{
- spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
- __d_set_type(dentry, type);
- spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
-}
-
static inline unsigned __d_entry_type(const struct dentry *dentry)
{
- return dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE;
+ unsigned type = READ_ONCE(dentry->d_flags);
+ smp_rmb();
+ return type & DCACHE_ENTRY_TYPE;
}
static inline bool d_is_miss(const struct dentry *dentry)