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authorJoe Thornber <ejt@redhat.com>2014-03-03 16:03:26 +0000
committerMike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>2014-03-05 15:26:58 -0500
commit3e1a0699095803e53072699a4a1485af7744601d (patch)
tree17fda0c238e26a828081d5c80b6c15a2d34079f5
parent07f2b6e0382ec4c59887d5954683f1a0b265574e (diff)
downloadlinux-3e1a0699095803e53072699a4a1485af7744601d.tar.gz
dm thin: fix out of data space handling
Ideally a thin pool would never run out of data space; the low water mark would trigger userland to extend the pool before we completely run out of space. However, many small random IOs to unprovisioned space can consume data space at an alarming rate. Adjust your low water mark if you're frequently seeing "out-of-data-space" mode. Before this fix, if data space ran out the pool would be put in PM_READ_ONLY mode which also aborted the pool's current metadata transaction (data loss for any changes in the transaction). This had a side-effect of needlessly compromising data consistency. And retry of queued unserviceable bios, once the data pool was resized, could initiate changes to potentially inconsistent pool metadata. Now when the pool's data space is exhausted transition to a new pool mode (PM_OUT_OF_DATA_SPACE) that allows metadata to be changed but data may not be allocated. This allows users to remove thin volumes or discard data to recover data space. The pool is no longer put in PM_READ_ONLY mode in response to the pool running out of data space. And PM_READ_ONLY mode no longer aborts the pool's current metadata transaction. Also, set_pool_mode() will now notify userspace when the pool mode is changed. Signed-off-by: Joe Thornber <ejt@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/dm-thin.c147
1 files changed, 102 insertions, 45 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-thin.c b/drivers/md/dm-thin.c
index a04eba905922..38a063f7afa4 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-thin.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-thin.c
@@ -130,10 +130,11 @@ static void build_virtual_key(struct dm_thin_device *td, dm_block_t b,
struct dm_thin_new_mapping;
/*
- * The pool runs in 3 modes. Ordered in degraded order for comparisons.
+ * The pool runs in 4 modes. Ordered in degraded order for comparisons.
*/
enum pool_mode {
PM_WRITE, /* metadata may be changed */
+ PM_OUT_OF_DATA_SPACE, /* metadata may be changed, though data may not be allocated */
PM_READ_ONLY, /* metadata may not be changed */
PM_FAIL, /* all I/O fails */
};
@@ -198,7 +199,6 @@ struct pool {
};
static enum pool_mode get_pool_mode(struct pool *pool);
-static void out_of_data_space(struct pool *pool);
static void metadata_operation_failed(struct pool *pool, const char *op, int r);
/*
@@ -399,6 +399,23 @@ static void requeue_io(struct thin_c *tc)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool->lock, flags);
}
+static void error_retry_list(struct pool *pool)
+{
+ struct bio *bio;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct bio_list bios;
+
+ bio_list_init(&bios);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pool->lock, flags);
+ bio_list_merge(&bios, &pool->retry_on_resume_list);
+ bio_list_init(&pool->retry_on_resume_list);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool->lock, flags);
+
+ while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bios)))
+ bio_io_error(bio);
+}
+
/*
* This section of code contains the logic for processing a thin device's IO.
* Much of the code depends on pool object resources (lists, workqueues, etc)
@@ -925,13 +942,15 @@ static void check_low_water_mark(struct pool *pool, dm_block_t free_blocks)
}
}
+static void set_pool_mode(struct pool *pool, enum pool_mode new_mode);
+
static int alloc_data_block(struct thin_c *tc, dm_block_t *result)
{
int r;
dm_block_t free_blocks;
struct pool *pool = tc->pool;
- if (get_pool_mode(pool) != PM_WRITE)
+ if (WARN_ON(get_pool_mode(pool) != PM_WRITE))
return -EINVAL;
r = dm_pool_get_free_block_count(pool->pmd, &free_blocks);
@@ -958,7 +977,7 @@ static int alloc_data_block(struct thin_c *tc, dm_block_t *result)
}
if (!free_blocks) {
- out_of_data_space(pool);
+ set_pool_mode(pool, PM_OUT_OF_DATA_SPACE);
return -ENOSPC;
}
}
@@ -988,15 +1007,32 @@ static void retry_on_resume(struct bio *bio)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pool->lock, flags);
}
-static void handle_unserviceable_bio(struct pool *pool, struct bio *bio)
+static bool should_error_unserviceable_bio(struct pool *pool)
{
- /*
- * When pool is read-only, no cell locking is needed because
- * nothing is changing.
- */
- WARN_ON_ONCE(get_pool_mode(pool) != PM_READ_ONLY);
+ enum pool_mode m = get_pool_mode(pool);
+
+ switch (m) {
+ case PM_WRITE:
+ /* Shouldn't get here */
+ DMERR_LIMIT("bio unserviceable, yet pool is in PM_WRITE mode");
+ return true;
+
+ case PM_OUT_OF_DATA_SPACE:
+ return pool->pf.error_if_no_space;
+
+ case PM_READ_ONLY:
+ case PM_FAIL:
+ return true;
+ default:
+ /* Shouldn't get here */
+ DMERR_LIMIT("bio unserviceable, yet pool has an unknown mode");
+ return true;
+ }
+}
- if (pool->pf.error_if_no_space)
+static void handle_unserviceable_bio(struct pool *pool, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ if (should_error_unserviceable_bio(pool))
bio_io_error(bio);
else
retry_on_resume(bio);
@@ -1007,11 +1043,20 @@ static void retry_bios_on_resume(struct pool *pool, struct dm_bio_prison_cell *c
struct bio *bio;
struct bio_list bios;
+ if (should_error_unserviceable_bio(pool)) {
+ cell_error(pool, cell);
+ return;
+ }
+
bio_list_init(&bios);
cell_release(pool, cell, &bios);
- while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bios)))
- handle_unserviceable_bio(pool, bio);
+ if (should_error_unserviceable_bio(pool))
+ while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bios)))
+ bio_io_error(bio);
+ else
+ while ((bio = bio_list_pop(&bios)))
+ retry_on_resume(bio);
}
static void process_discard(struct thin_c *tc, struct bio *bio)
@@ -1296,6 +1341,11 @@ static void process_bio_read_only(struct thin_c *tc, struct bio *bio)
}
}
+static void process_bio_success(struct thin_c *tc, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ bio_endio(bio, 0);
+}
+
static void process_bio_fail(struct thin_c *tc, struct bio *bio)
{
bio_io_error(bio);
@@ -1399,9 +1449,15 @@ static enum pool_mode get_pool_mode(struct pool *pool)
return pool->pf.mode;
}
+static void notify_of_pool_mode_change(struct pool *pool, const char *new_mode)
+{
+ dm_table_event(pool->ti->table);
+ DMINFO("%s: switching pool to %s mode",
+ dm_device_name(pool->pool_md), new_mode);
+}
+
static void set_pool_mode(struct pool *pool, enum pool_mode new_mode)
{
- int r;
struct pool_c *pt = pool->ti->private;
bool needs_check = dm_pool_metadata_needs_check(pool->pmd);
enum pool_mode old_mode = get_pool_mode(pool);
@@ -1429,38 +1485,48 @@ static void set_pool_mode(struct pool *pool, enum pool_mode new_mode)
switch (new_mode) {
case PM_FAIL:
if (old_mode != new_mode)
- DMERR("%s: switching pool to failure mode",
- dm_device_name(pool->pool_md));
+ notify_of_pool_mode_change(pool, "failure");
dm_pool_metadata_read_only(pool->pmd);
pool->process_bio = process_bio_fail;
pool->process_discard = process_bio_fail;
pool->process_prepared_mapping = process_prepared_mapping_fail;
pool->process_prepared_discard = process_prepared_discard_fail;
+
+ error_retry_list(pool);
break;
case PM_READ_ONLY:
if (old_mode != new_mode)
- DMERR("%s: switching pool to read-only mode",
- dm_device_name(pool->pool_md));
- r = dm_pool_abort_metadata(pool->pmd);
- if (r) {
- DMERR("%s: aborting transaction failed",
- dm_device_name(pool->pool_md));
- new_mode = PM_FAIL;
- set_pool_mode(pool, new_mode);
- } else {
- dm_pool_metadata_read_only(pool->pmd);
- pool->process_bio = process_bio_read_only;
- pool->process_discard = process_discard;
- pool->process_prepared_mapping = process_prepared_mapping_fail;
- pool->process_prepared_discard = process_prepared_discard_passdown;
- }
+ notify_of_pool_mode_change(pool, "read-only");
+ dm_pool_metadata_read_only(pool->pmd);
+ pool->process_bio = process_bio_read_only;
+ pool->process_discard = process_bio_success;
+ pool->process_prepared_mapping = process_prepared_mapping_fail;
+ pool->process_prepared_discard = process_prepared_discard_passdown;
+
+ error_retry_list(pool);
+ break;
+
+ case PM_OUT_OF_DATA_SPACE:
+ /*
+ * Ideally we'd never hit this state; the low water mark
+ * would trigger userland to extend the pool before we
+ * completely run out of data space. However, many small
+ * IOs to unprovisioned space can consume data space at an
+ * alarming rate. Adjust your low water mark if you're
+ * frequently seeing this mode.
+ */
+ if (old_mode != new_mode)
+ notify_of_pool_mode_change(pool, "out-of-data-space");
+ pool->process_bio = process_bio_read_only;
+ pool->process_discard = process_discard;
+ pool->process_prepared_mapping = process_prepared_mapping;
+ pool->process_prepared_discard = process_prepared_discard_passdown;
break;
case PM_WRITE:
if (old_mode != new_mode)
- DMINFO("%s: switching pool to write mode",
- dm_device_name(pool->pool_md));
+ notify_of_pool_mode_change(pool, "write");
dm_pool_metadata_read_write(pool->pmd);
pool->process_bio = process_bio;
pool->process_discard = process_discard;
@@ -1477,17 +1543,6 @@ static void set_pool_mode(struct pool *pool, enum pool_mode new_mode)
pt->adjusted_pf.mode = new_mode;
}
-/*
- * Rather than calling set_pool_mode directly, use these which describe the
- * reason for mode degradation.
- */
-static void out_of_data_space(struct pool *pool)
-{
- DMERR_LIMIT("%s: no free data space available.",
- dm_device_name(pool->pool_md));
- set_pool_mode(pool, PM_READ_ONLY);
-}
-
static void abort_transaction(struct pool *pool)
{
const char *dev_name = dm_device_name(pool->pool_md);
@@ -2719,7 +2774,9 @@ static void pool_status(struct dm_target *ti, status_type_t type,
else
DMEMIT("- ");
- if (pool->pf.mode == PM_READ_ONLY)
+ if (pool->pf.mode == PM_OUT_OF_DATA_SPACE)
+ DMEMIT("out_of_data_space ");
+ else if (pool->pf.mode == PM_READ_ONLY)
DMEMIT("ro ");
else
DMEMIT("rw ");