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authorDaniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>2015-01-12 15:42:24 +0000
committerDaniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org>2015-01-27 11:58:26 +0000
commit3ddf5f46190c975664d639547414a43104d44284 (patch)
tree58ba42dba4e922132156ff0d32c146d7bbe22682
parent2c90ed2ad2f2197450e46f667ad9d9173e7e7551 (diff)
downloadlinux-3ddf5f46190c975664d639547414a43104d44284.tar.gz
printk: Simple implementation for NMI backtracing
Currently there is a quite a pile of code sitting in arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c to support safe all-cpu backtracing from NMI. The code is inaccessible to backtrace implementations for other architectures, which is a shame because they would probably like to be safe too. Copy this code into printk. We'll port the x86 NMI backtrace to it in a later patch. Incidentally, technically I think it might be safe to call prepare_nmi_printk() from NMI, providing care were taken to honour the return code. complete_nmi_printk() cannot be called from NMI but could be scheduled using irq_work_queue(). However honouring the return code means sometimes it is impossible to get the message out so I'd say using this code in such a way should probably attract sympathy and/or derision rather than admiration. Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
-rw-r--r--arch/Kconfig3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/printk.h22
-rw-r--r--kernel/printk/printk.c122
3 files changed, 147 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
index 05d7a8a458d5..50c9412a77d0 100644
--- a/arch/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/Kconfig
@@ -309,6 +309,9 @@ config ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC
select ARCH_WANT_COMPAT_IPC_PARSE_VERSION
bool
+config ARCH_WANT_NMI_PRINTK
+ bool
+
config HAVE_ARCH_SECCOMP_FILTER
bool
help
diff --git a/include/linux/printk.h b/include/linux/printk.h
index c8f170324e64..188fdc2c1efd 100644
--- a/include/linux/printk.h
+++ b/include/linux/printk.h
@@ -219,6 +219,28 @@ static inline void show_regs_print_info(const char *log_lvl)
}
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_NMI_PRINTK
+extern __printf(1, 0) int nmi_vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args);
+
+struct cpumask;
+extern int prepare_nmi_printk(struct cpumask *cpus);
+extern void complete_nmi_printk(struct cpumask *cpus);
+
+/*
+ * Replace printk to write into the NMI seq.
+ *
+ * To avoid include hell this is a macro rather than an inline function
+ * (printk_func is not declared in this header file).
+ */
+#define this_cpu_begin_nmi_printk() ({ \
+ printk_func_t __orig = this_cpu_read(printk_func); \
+ this_cpu_write(printk_func, nmi_vprintk); \
+ __orig; \
+})
+#define this_cpu_end_nmi_printk(fn) this_cpu_write(printk_func, fn)
+
+#endif
+
extern asmlinkage void dump_stack(void) __cold;
#ifndef pr_fmt
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index fae29e3ffbf0..bbfc060816fa 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -1805,6 +1805,127 @@ asmlinkage int printk_emit(int facility, int level,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(printk_emit);
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_NMI_PRINTK
+
+#define NMI_BUF_SIZE 4096
+
+struct nmi_seq_buf {
+ unsigned char buffer[NMI_BUF_SIZE];
+ struct seq_buf seq;
+};
+
+/* Safe printing in NMI context */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct nmi_seq_buf, nmi_print_seq);
+
+/* "in progress" flag of NMI printing */
+static unsigned long nmi_print_flag;
+
+/*
+ * It is not safe to call printk() directly from NMI handlers.
+ * It may be fine if the NMI detected a lock up and we have no choice
+ * but to do so, but doing a NMI on all other CPUs to get a back trace
+ * can be done with a sysrq-l. We don't want that to lock up, which
+ * can happen if the NMI interrupts a printk in progress.
+ *
+ * Instead, we redirect the vprintk() to this nmi_vprintk() that writes
+ * the content into a per cpu seq_buf buffer. Then when the NMIs are
+ * all done, we can safely dump the contents of the seq_buf to a printk()
+ * from a non NMI context.
+ *
+ * This is not a generic printk() implementation and must be used with
+ * great care. In particular there is a static limit on the quantity of
+ * data that may be emitted during NMI, only one client can be active at
+ * one time (arbitrated by the return value of begin_nmi_printk() and
+ * it is required that something at task or interrupt context be scheduled
+ * to issue the output.
+ */
+int nmi_vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args)
+{
+ struct nmi_seq_buf *s = this_cpu_ptr(&nmi_print_seq);
+ unsigned int len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
+
+ seq_buf_vprintf(&s->seq, fmt, args);
+ return seq_buf_used(&s->seq) - len;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nmi_vprintk);
+
+/*
+ * Check for concurrent usage and set up per_cpu seq_buf buffers that the NMIs
+ * running on the other CPUs will write to. Provides the mask of CPUs it is
+ * safe to write from (i.e. a copy of the online mask).
+ */
+int prepare_nmi_printk(struct cpumask *cpus)
+{
+ struct nmi_seq_buf *s;
+ int cpu;
+
+ if (test_and_set_bit(0, &nmi_print_flag)) {
+ /*
+ * If something is already using the NMI print facility we
+ * can't allow a second one...
+ */
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+
+ cpumask_copy(cpus, cpu_online_mask);
+
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, cpus) {
+ s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
+ seq_buf_init(&s->seq, s->buffer, NMI_BUF_SIZE);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(prepare_nmi_printk);
+
+static void print_seq_line(struct nmi_seq_buf *s, int start, int end)
+{
+ const char *buf = s->buffer + start;
+
+ printk("%.*s", (end - start) + 1, buf);
+}
+
+void complete_nmi_printk(struct cpumask *cpus)
+{
+ struct nmi_seq_buf *s;
+ int len;
+ int cpu;
+ int i;
+
+ /*
+ * Now that all the NMIs have triggered, we can dump out their
+ * back traces safely to the console.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, cpus) {
+ int last_i = 0;
+
+ s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
+
+ len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
+ if (!len)
+ continue;
+
+ /* Print line by line. */
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ if (s->buffer[i] == '\n') {
+ print_seq_line(s, last_i, i);
+ last_i = i + 1;
+ }
+ }
+ /* Check if there was a partial line. */
+ if (last_i < len) {
+ print_seq_line(s, last_i, len - 1);
+ pr_cont("\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ clear_bit(0, &nmi_print_flag);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(complete_nmi_printk);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_NMI_PRINTK */
+
int vprintk_default(const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
int r;
@@ -1829,6 +1950,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vprintk_default);
*/
DEFINE_PER_CPU(printk_func_t, printk_func) = vprintk_default;
+
/**
* printk - print a kernel message
* @fmt: format string