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path: root/tools/perf/util/evsel.c
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2011, Red Hat Inc, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com>
 *
 * Parts came from builtin-{top,stat,record}.c, see those files for further
 * copyright notes.
 *
 * Released under the GPL v2. (and only v2, not any later version)
 */

#include <byteswap.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include "asm/bug.h"
#include "event-parse.h"
#include "evsel.h"
#include "evlist.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "cpumap.h"
#include "thread_map.h"
#include "target.h"
#include "../../../include/linux/hw_breakpoint.h"
#include "../../include/linux/perf_event.h"
#include "perf_regs.h"

#define FD(e, x, y) (*(int *)xyarray__entry(e->fd, x, y))

static int __perf_evsel__sample_size(u64 sample_type)
{
	u64 mask = sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_MASK;
	int size = 0;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
		if (mask & (1ULL << i))
			size++;
	}

	size *= sizeof(u64);

	return size;
}

void hists__init(struct hists *hists)
{
	memset(hists, 0, sizeof(*hists));
	hists->entries_in_array[0] = hists->entries_in_array[1] = RB_ROOT;
	hists->entries_in = &hists->entries_in_array[0];
	hists->entries_collapsed = RB_ROOT;
	hists->entries = RB_ROOT;
	pthread_mutex_init(&hists->lock, NULL);
}

void perf_evsel__init(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
		      struct perf_event_attr *attr, int idx)
{
	evsel->idx	   = idx;
	evsel->attr	   = *attr;
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&evsel->node);
	hists__init(&evsel->hists);
	evsel->sample_size = __perf_evsel__sample_size(attr->sample_type);
}

struct perf_evsel *perf_evsel__new(struct perf_event_attr *attr, int idx)
{
	struct perf_evsel *evsel = zalloc(sizeof(*evsel));

	if (evsel != NULL)
		perf_evsel__init(evsel, attr, idx);

	return evsel;
}

const char *perf_evsel__hw_names[PERF_COUNT_HW_MAX] = {
	"cycles",
	"instructions",
	"cache-references",
	"cache-misses",
	"branches",
	"branch-misses",
	"bus-cycles",
	"stalled-cycles-frontend",
	"stalled-cycles-backend",
	"ref-cycles",
};

static const char *__perf_evsel__hw_name(u64 config)
{
	if (config < PERF_COUNT_HW_MAX && perf_evsel__hw_names[config])
		return perf_evsel__hw_names[config];

	return "unknown-hardware";
}

static int perf_evsel__add_modifiers(struct perf_evsel *evsel, char *bf, size_t size)
{
	int colon = 0, r = 0;
	struct perf_event_attr *attr = &evsel->attr;
	bool exclude_guest_default = false;

#define MOD_PRINT(context, mod)	do {					\
		if (!attr->exclude_##context) {				\
			if (!colon) colon = ++r;			\
			r += scnprintf(bf + r, size - r, "%c", mod);	\
		} } while(0)

	if (attr->exclude_kernel || attr->exclude_user || attr->exclude_hv) {
		MOD_PRINT(kernel, 'k');
		MOD_PRINT(user, 'u');
		MOD_PRINT(hv, 'h');
		exclude_guest_default = true;
	}

	if (attr->precise_ip) {
		if (!colon)
			colon = ++r;
		r += scnprintf(bf + r, size - r, "%.*s", attr->precise_ip, "ppp");
		exclude_guest_default = true;
	}

	if (attr->exclude_host || attr->exclude_guest == exclude_guest_default) {
		MOD_PRINT(host, 'H');
		MOD_PRINT(guest, 'G');
	}
#undef MOD_PRINT
	if (colon)
		bf[colon - 1] = ':';
	return r;
}

static int perf_evsel__hw_name(struct perf_evsel *evsel, char *bf, size_t size)
{
	int r = scnprintf(bf, size, "%s", __perf_evsel__hw_name(evsel->attr.config));
	return r + perf_evsel__add_modifiers(evsel, bf + r, size - r);
}

const char *perf_evsel__sw_names[PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX] = {
	"cpu-clock",
	"task-clock",
	"page-faults",
	"context-switches",
	"cpu-migrations",
	"minor-faults",
	"major-faults",
	"alignment-faults",
	"emulation-faults",
};

static const char *__perf_evsel__sw_name(u64 config)
{
	if (config < PERF_COUNT_SW_MAX && perf_evsel__sw_names[config])
		return perf_evsel__sw_names[config];
	return "unknown-software";
}

static int perf_evsel__sw_name(struct perf_evsel *evsel, char *bf, size_t size)
{
	int r = scnprintf(bf, size, "%s", __perf_evsel__sw_name(evsel->attr.config));
	return r + perf_evsel__add_modifiers(evsel, bf + r, size - r);
}

static int __perf_evsel__bp_name(char *bf, size_t size, u64 addr, u64 type)
{
	int r;

	r = scnprintf(bf, size, "mem:0x%" PRIx64 ":", addr);

	if (type & HW_BREAKPOINT_R)
		r += scnprintf(bf + r, size - r, "r");

	if (type & HW_BREAKPOINT_W)
		r += scnprintf(bf + r, size - r, "w");

	if (type & HW_BREAKPOINT_X)
		r += scnprintf(bf + r, size - r, "x");

	return r;
}

static int perf_evsel__bp_name(struct perf_evsel *evsel, char *bf, size_t size)
{
	struct perf_event_attr *attr = &evsel->attr;
	int r = __perf_evsel__bp_name(bf, size, attr->bp_addr, attr->bp_type);
	return r + perf_evsel__add_modifiers(evsel, bf + r, size - r);
}

const char *perf_evsel__hw_cache[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX]
				[PERF_EVSEL__MAX_ALIASES] = {
 { "L1-dcache",	"l1-d",		"l1d",		"L1-data",		},
 { "L1-icache",	"l1-i",		"l1i",		"L1-instruction",	},
 { "LLC",	"L2",							},
 { "dTLB",	"d-tlb",	"Data-TLB",				},
 { "iTLB",	"i-tlb",	"Instruction-TLB",			},
 { "branch",	"branches",	"bpu",		"btb",		"bpc",	},
 { "node",								},
};

const char *perf_evsel__hw_cache_op[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX]
				   [PERF_EVSEL__MAX_ALIASES] = {
 { "load",	"loads",	"read",					},
 { "store",	"stores",	"write",				},
 { "prefetch",	"prefetches",	"speculative-read", "speculative-load",	},
};

const char *perf_evsel__hw_cache_result[PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX]
				       [PERF_EVSEL__MAX_ALIASES] = {
 { "refs",	"Reference",	"ops",		"access",		},
 { "misses",	"miss",							},
};

#define C(x)		PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_##x
#define CACHE_READ	(1 << C(OP_READ))
#define CACHE_WRITE	(1 << C(OP_WRITE))
#define CACHE_PREFETCH	(1 << C(OP_PREFETCH))
#define COP(x)		(1 << x)

/*
 * cache operartion stat
 * L1I : Read and prefetch only
 * ITLB and BPU : Read-only
 */
static unsigned long perf_evsel__hw_cache_stat[C(MAX)] = {
 [C(L1D)]	= (CACHE_READ | CACHE_WRITE | CACHE_PREFETCH),
 [C(L1I)]	= (CACHE_READ | CACHE_PREFETCH),
 [C(LL)]	= (CACHE_READ | CACHE_WRITE | CACHE_PREFETCH),
 [C(DTLB)]	= (CACHE_READ | CACHE_WRITE | CACHE_PREFETCH),
 [C(ITLB)]	= (CACHE_READ),
 [C(BPU)]	= (CACHE_READ),
 [C(NODE)]	= (CACHE_READ | CACHE_WRITE | CACHE_PREFETCH),
};

bool perf_evsel__is_cache_op_valid(u8 type, u8 op)
{
	if (perf_evsel__hw_cache_stat[type] & COP(op))
		return true;	/* valid */
	else
		return false;	/* invalid */
}

int __perf_evsel__hw_cache_type_op_res_name(u8 type, u8 op, u8 result,
					    char *bf, size_t size)
{
	if (result) {
		return scnprintf(bf, size, "%s-%s-%s", perf_evsel__hw_cache[type][0],
				 perf_evsel__hw_cache_op[op][0],
				 perf_evsel__hw_cache_result[result][0]);
	}

	return scnprintf(bf, size, "%s-%s", perf_evsel__hw_cache[type][0],
			 perf_evsel__hw_cache_op[op][1]);
}

static int __perf_evsel__hw_cache_name(u64 config, char *bf, size_t size)
{
	u8 op, result, type = (config >>  0) & 0xff;
	const char *err = "unknown-ext-hardware-cache-type";

	if (type > PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_MAX)
		goto out_err;

	op = (config >>  8) & 0xff;
	err = "unknown-ext-hardware-cache-op";
	if (op > PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_OP_MAX)
		goto out_err;

	result = (config >> 16) & 0xff;
	err = "unknown-ext-hardware-cache-result";
	if (result > PERF_COUNT_HW_CACHE_RESULT_MAX)
		goto out_err;

	err = "invalid-cache";
	if (!perf_evsel__is_cache_op_valid(type, op))
		goto out_err;

	return __perf_evsel__hw_cache_type_op_res_name(type, op, result, bf, size);
out_err:
	return scnprintf(bf, size, "%s", err);
}

static int perf_evsel__hw_cache_name(struct perf_evsel *evsel, char *bf, size_t size)
{
	int ret = __perf_evsel__hw_cache_name(evsel->attr.config, bf, size);
	return ret + perf_evsel__add_modifiers(evsel, bf + ret, size - ret);
}

static int perf_evsel__raw_name(struct perf_evsel *evsel, char *bf, size_t size)
{
	int ret = scnprintf(bf, size, "raw 0x%" PRIx64, evsel->attr.config);
	return ret + perf_evsel__add_modifiers(evsel, bf + ret, size - ret);
}

const char *perf_evsel__name(struct perf_evsel *evsel)
{
	char bf[128];

	if (evsel->name)
		return evsel->name;

	switch (evsel->attr.type) {
	case PERF_TYPE_RAW:
		perf_evsel__raw_name(evsel, bf, sizeof(bf));
		break;

	case PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE:
		perf_evsel__hw_name(evsel, bf, sizeof(bf));
		break;

	case PERF_TYPE_HW_CACHE:
		perf_evsel__hw_cache_name(evsel, bf, sizeof(bf));
		break;

	case PERF_TYPE_SOFTWARE:
		perf_evsel__sw_name(evsel, bf, sizeof(bf));
		break;

	case PERF_TYPE_TRACEPOINT:
		scnprintf(bf, sizeof(bf), "%s", "unknown tracepoint");
		break;

	case PERF_TYPE_BREAKPOINT:
		perf_evsel__bp_name(evsel, bf, sizeof(bf));
		break;

	default:
		scnprintf(bf, sizeof(bf), "unknown attr type: %d",
			  evsel->attr.type);
		break;
	}

	evsel->name = strdup(bf);

	return evsel->name ?: "unknown";
}

void perf_evsel__config(struct perf_evsel *evsel, struct perf_record_opts *opts,
			struct perf_evsel *first)
{
	struct perf_event_attr *attr = &evsel->attr;
	int track = !evsel->idx; /* only the first counter needs these */

	attr->disabled = 1;
	attr->sample_id_all = opts->sample_id_all_missing ? 0 : 1;
	attr->inherit	    = !opts->no_inherit;
	attr->read_format   = PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_ENABLED |
			      PERF_FORMAT_TOTAL_TIME_RUNNING |
			      PERF_FORMAT_ID;

	attr->sample_type  |= PERF_SAMPLE_IP | PERF_SAMPLE_TID;

	/*
	 * We default some events to a 1 default interval. But keep
	 * it a weak assumption overridable by the user.
	 */
	if (!attr->sample_period || (opts->user_freq != UINT_MAX &&
				     opts->user_interval != ULLONG_MAX)) {
		if (opts->freq) {
			attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD;
			attr->freq		= 1;
			attr->sample_freq	= opts->freq;
		} else {
			attr->sample_period = opts->default_interval;
		}
	}

	if (opts->no_samples)
		attr->sample_freq = 0;

	if (opts->inherit_stat)
		attr->inherit_stat = 1;

	if (opts->sample_address) {
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR;
		attr->mmap_data = track;
	}

	if (opts->call_graph) {
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN;

		if (opts->call_graph == CALLCHAIN_DWARF) {
			attr->sample_type |= PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER |
					     PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER;
			attr->sample_regs_user = PERF_REGS_MASK;
			attr->sample_stack_user = opts->stack_dump_size;
			attr->exclude_callchain_user = 1;
		}
	}

	if (perf_target__has_cpu(&opts->target))
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_CPU;

	if (opts->period)
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD;

	if (!opts->sample_id_all_missing &&
	    (opts->sample_time || !opts->no_inherit ||
	     perf_target__has_cpu(&opts->target)))
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_TIME;

	if (opts->raw_samples) {
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_TIME;
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_RAW;
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_CPU;
	}

	if (opts->no_delay) {
		attr->watermark = 0;
		attr->wakeup_events = 1;
	}
	if (opts->branch_stack) {
		attr->sample_type	|= PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_STACK;
		attr->branch_sample_type = opts->branch_stack;
	}

	attr->mmap = track;
	attr->comm = track;

	if (perf_target__none(&opts->target) &&
	    (!opts->group || evsel == first)) {
		attr->enable_on_exec = 1;
	}
}

int perf_evsel__alloc_fd(struct perf_evsel *evsel, int ncpus, int nthreads)
{
	int cpu, thread;
	evsel->fd = xyarray__new(ncpus, nthreads, sizeof(int));

	if (evsel->fd) {
		for (cpu = 0; cpu < ncpus; cpu++) {
			for (thread = 0; thread < nthreads; thread++) {
				FD(evsel, cpu, thread) = -1;
			}
		}
	}

	return evsel->fd != NULL ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
}

int perf_evsel__alloc_id(struct perf_evsel *evsel, int ncpus, int nthreads)
{
	evsel->sample_id = xyarray__new(ncpus, nthreads, sizeof(struct perf_sample_id));
	if (evsel->sample_id == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	evsel->id = zalloc(ncpus * nthreads * sizeof(u64));
	if (evsel->id == NULL) {
		xyarray__delete(evsel->sample_id);
		evsel->sample_id = NULL;
		return -ENOMEM;
	}

	return 0;
}

int perf_evsel__alloc_counts(struct perf_evsel *evsel, int ncpus)
{
	evsel->counts = zalloc((sizeof(*evsel->counts) +
				(ncpus * sizeof(struct perf_counts_values))));
	return evsel->counts != NULL ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
}

void perf_evsel__free_fd(struct perf_evsel *evsel)
{
	xyarray__delete(evsel->fd);
	evsel->fd = NULL;
}

void perf_evsel__free_id(struct perf_evsel *evsel)
{
	xyarray__delete(evsel->sample_id);
	evsel->sample_id = NULL;
	free(evsel->id);
	evsel->id = NULL;
}

void perf_evsel__close_fd(struct perf_evsel *evsel, int ncpus, int nthreads)
{
	int cpu, thread;

	for (cpu = 0; cpu < ncpus; cpu++)
		for (thread = 0; thread < nthreads; ++thread) {
			close(FD(evsel, cpu, thread));
			FD(evsel, cpu, thread) = -1;
		}
}

void perf_evsel__exit(struct perf_evsel *evsel)
{
	assert(list_empty(&evsel->node));
	xyarray__delete(evsel->fd);
	xyarray__delete(evsel->sample_id);
	free(evsel->id);
}

void perf_evsel__delete(struct perf_evsel *evsel)
{
	perf_evsel__exit(evsel);
	close_cgroup(evsel->cgrp);
	free(evsel->group_name);
	free(evsel->name);
	free(evsel);
}

int __perf_evsel__read_on_cpu(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
			      int cpu, int thread, bool scale)
{
	struct perf_counts_values count;
	size_t nv = scale ? 3 : 1;

	if (FD(evsel, cpu, thread) < 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (evsel->counts == NULL && perf_evsel__alloc_counts(evsel, cpu + 1) < 0)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (readn(FD(evsel, cpu, thread), &count, nv * sizeof(u64)) < 0)
		return -errno;

	if (scale) {
		if (count.run == 0)
			count.val = 0;
		else if (count.run < count.ena)
			count.val = (u64)((double)count.val * count.ena / count.run + 0.5);
	} else
		count.ena = count.run = 0;

	evsel->counts->cpu[cpu] = count;
	return 0;
}

int __perf_evsel__read(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
		       int ncpus, int nthreads, bool scale)
{
	size_t nv = scale ? 3 : 1;
	int cpu, thread;
	struct perf_counts_values *aggr = &evsel->counts->aggr, count;

	aggr->val = aggr->ena = aggr->run = 0;

	for (cpu = 0; cpu < ncpus; cpu++) {
		for (thread = 0; thread < nthreads; thread++) {
			if (FD(evsel, cpu, thread) < 0)
				continue;

			if (readn(FD(evsel, cpu, thread),
				  &count, nv * sizeof(u64)) < 0)
				return -errno;

			aggr->val += count.val;
			if (scale) {
				aggr->ena += count.ena;
				aggr->run += count.run;
			}
		}
	}

	evsel->counts->scaled = 0;
	if (scale) {
		if (aggr->run == 0) {
			evsel->counts->scaled = -1;
			aggr->val = 0;
			return 0;
		}

		if (aggr->run < aggr->ena) {
			evsel->counts->scaled = 1;
			aggr->val = (u64)((double)aggr->val * aggr->ena / aggr->run + 0.5);
		}
	} else
		aggr->ena = aggr->run = 0;

	return 0;
}

static int get_group_fd(struct perf_evsel *evsel, int cpu, int thread)
{
	struct perf_evsel *leader = evsel->leader;
	int fd;

	if (!leader)
		return -1;

	/*
	 * Leader must be already processed/open,
	 * if not it's a bug.
	 */
	BUG_ON(!leader->fd);

	fd = FD(leader, cpu, thread);
	BUG_ON(fd == -1);

	return fd;
}

static int __perf_evsel__open(struct perf_evsel *evsel, struct cpu_map *cpus,
			      struct thread_map *threads)
{
	int cpu, thread;
	unsigned long flags = 0;
	int pid = -1, err;

	if (evsel->fd == NULL &&
	    perf_evsel__alloc_fd(evsel, cpus->nr, threads->nr) < 0)
		return -ENOMEM;

	if (evsel->cgrp) {
		flags = PERF_FLAG_PID_CGROUP;
		pid = evsel->cgrp->fd;
	}

	for (cpu = 0; cpu < cpus->nr; cpu++) {

		for (thread = 0; thread < threads->nr; thread++) {
			int group_fd;

			if (!evsel->cgrp)
				pid = threads->map[thread];

			group_fd = get_group_fd(evsel, cpu, thread);

			FD(evsel, cpu, thread) = sys_perf_event_open(&evsel->attr,
								     pid,
								     cpus->map[cpu],
								     group_fd, flags);
			if (FD(evsel, cpu, thread) < 0) {
				err = -errno;
				goto out_close;
			}
		}
	}

	return 0;

out_close:
	do {
		while (--thread >= 0) {
			close(FD(evsel, cpu, thread));
			FD(evsel, cpu, thread) = -1;
		}
		thread = threads->nr;
	} while (--cpu >= 0);
	return err;
}

void perf_evsel__close(struct perf_evsel *evsel, int ncpus, int nthreads)
{
	if (evsel->fd == NULL)
		return;

	perf_evsel__close_fd(evsel, ncpus, nthreads);
	perf_evsel__free_fd(evsel);
	evsel->fd = NULL;
}

static struct {
	struct cpu_map map;
	int cpus[1];
} empty_cpu_map = {
	.map.nr	= 1,
	.cpus	= { -1, },
};

static struct {
	struct thread_map map;
	int threads[1];
} empty_thread_map = {
	.map.nr	 = 1,
	.threads = { -1, },
};

int perf_evsel__open(struct perf_evsel *evsel, struct cpu_map *cpus,
		     struct thread_map *threads)
{
	if (cpus == NULL) {
		/* Work around old compiler warnings about strict aliasing */
		cpus = &empty_cpu_map.map;
	}

	if (threads == NULL)
		threads = &empty_thread_map.map;

	return __perf_evsel__open(evsel, cpus, threads);
}

int perf_evsel__open_per_cpu(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
			     struct cpu_map *cpus)
{
	return __perf_evsel__open(evsel, cpus, &empty_thread_map.map);
}

int perf_evsel__open_per_thread(struct perf_evsel *evsel,
				struct thread_map *threads)
{
	return __perf_evsel__open(evsel, &empty_cpu_map.map, threads);
}

static int perf_event__parse_id_sample(const union perf_event *event, u64 type,
				       struct perf_sample *sample,
				       bool swapped)
{
	const u64 *array = event->sample.array;
	union u64_swap u;

	array += ((event->header.size -
		   sizeof(event->header)) / sizeof(u64)) - 1;

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_CPU) {
		u.val64 = *array;
		if (swapped) {
			/* undo swap of u64, then swap on individual u32s */
			u.val64 = bswap_64(u.val64);
			u.val32[0] = bswap_32(u.val32[0]);
		}

		sample->cpu = u.val32[0];
		array--;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID) {
		sample->stream_id = *array;
		array--;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_ID) {
		sample->id = *array;
		array--;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_TIME) {
		sample->time = *array;
		array--;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_TID) {
		u.val64 = *array;
		if (swapped) {
			/* undo swap of u64, then swap on individual u32s */
			u.val64 = bswap_64(u.val64);
			u.val32[0] = bswap_32(u.val32[0]);
			u.val32[1] = bswap_32(u.val32[1]);
		}

		sample->pid = u.val32[0];
		sample->tid = u.val32[1];
	}

	return 0;
}

static bool sample_overlap(const union perf_event *event,
			   const void *offset, u64 size)
{
	const void *base = event;

	if (offset + size > base + event->header.size)
		return true;

	return false;
}

int perf_evsel__parse_sample(struct perf_evsel *evsel, union perf_event *event,
			     struct perf_sample *data, bool swapped)
{
	u64 type = evsel->attr.sample_type;
	u64 regs_user = evsel->attr.sample_regs_user;
	const u64 *array;

	/*
	 * used for cross-endian analysis. See git commit 65014ab3
	 * for why this goofiness is needed.
	 */
	union u64_swap u;

	memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
	data->cpu = data->pid = data->tid = -1;
	data->stream_id = data->id = data->time = -1ULL;
	data->period = 1;

	if (event->header.type != PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE) {
		if (!evsel->attr.sample_id_all)
			return 0;
		return perf_event__parse_id_sample(event, type, data, swapped);
	}

	array = event->sample.array;

	if (evsel->sample_size + sizeof(event->header) > event->header.size)
		return -EFAULT;

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_IP) {
		data->ip = event->ip.ip;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_TID) {
		u.val64 = *array;
		if (swapped) {
			/* undo swap of u64, then swap on individual u32s */
			u.val64 = bswap_64(u.val64);
			u.val32[0] = bswap_32(u.val32[0]);
			u.val32[1] = bswap_32(u.val32[1]);
		}

		data->pid = u.val32[0];
		data->tid = u.val32[1];
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_TIME) {
		data->time = *array;
		array++;
	}

	data->addr = 0;
	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR) {
		data->addr = *array;
		array++;
	}

	data->id = -1ULL;
	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_ID) {
		data->id = *array;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID) {
		data->stream_id = *array;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_CPU) {

		u.val64 = *array;
		if (swapped) {
			/* undo swap of u64, then swap on individual u32s */
			u.val64 = bswap_64(u.val64);
			u.val32[0] = bswap_32(u.val32[0]);
		}

		data->cpu = u.val32[0];
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) {
		data->period = *array;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_READ) {
		fprintf(stderr, "PERF_SAMPLE_READ is unsupported for now\n");
		return -1;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN) {
		if (sample_overlap(event, array, sizeof(data->callchain->nr)))
			return -EFAULT;

		data->callchain = (struct ip_callchain *)array;

		if (sample_overlap(event, array, data->callchain->nr))
			return -EFAULT;

		array += 1 + data->callchain->nr;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_RAW) {
		const u64 *pdata;

		u.val64 = *array;
		if (WARN_ONCE(swapped,
			      "Endianness of raw data not corrected!\n")) {
			/* undo swap of u64, then swap on individual u32s */
			u.val64 = bswap_64(u.val64);
			u.val32[0] = bswap_32(u.val32[0]);
			u.val32[1] = bswap_32(u.val32[1]);
		}

		if (sample_overlap(event, array, sizeof(u32)))
			return -EFAULT;

		data->raw_size = u.val32[0];
		pdata = (void *) array + sizeof(u32);

		if (sample_overlap(event, pdata, data->raw_size))
			return -EFAULT;

		data->raw_data = (void *) pdata;

		array = (void *)array + data->raw_size + sizeof(u32);
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_STACK) {
		u64 sz;

		data->branch_stack = (struct branch_stack *)array;
		array++; /* nr */

		sz = data->branch_stack->nr * sizeof(struct branch_entry);
		sz /= sizeof(u64);
		array += sz;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_REGS_USER) {
		/* First u64 tells us if we have any regs in sample. */
		u64 avail = *array++;

		if (avail) {
			data->user_regs.regs = (u64 *)array;
			array += hweight_long(regs_user);
		}
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_STACK_USER) {
		u64 size = *array++;

		data->user_stack.offset = ((char *)(array - 1)
					  - (char *) event);

		if (!size) {
			data->user_stack.size = 0;
		} else {
			data->user_stack.data = (char *)array;
			array += size / sizeof(*array);
			data->user_stack.size = *array;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

int perf_event__synthesize_sample(union perf_event *event, u64 type,
				  const struct perf_sample *sample,
				  bool swapped)
{
	u64 *array;

	/*
	 * used for cross-endian analysis. See git commit 65014ab3
	 * for why this goofiness is needed.
	 */
	union u64_swap u;

	array = event->sample.array;

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_IP) {
		event->ip.ip = sample->ip;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_TID) {
		u.val32[0] = sample->pid;
		u.val32[1] = sample->tid;
		if (swapped) {
			/*
			 * Inverse of what is done in perf_evsel__parse_sample
			 */
			u.val32[0] = bswap_32(u.val32[0]);
			u.val32[1] = bswap_32(u.val32[1]);
			u.val64 = bswap_64(u.val64);
		}

		*array = u.val64;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_TIME) {
		*array = sample->time;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_ADDR) {
		*array = sample->addr;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_ID) {
		*array = sample->id;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_STREAM_ID) {
		*array = sample->stream_id;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_CPU) {
		u.val32[0] = sample->cpu;
		if (swapped) {
			/*
			 * Inverse of what is done in perf_evsel__parse_sample
			 */
			u.val32[0] = bswap_32(u.val32[0]);
			u.val64 = bswap_64(u.val64);
		}
		*array = u.val64;
		array++;
	}

	if (type & PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) {
		*array = sample->period;
		array++;
	}

	return 0;
}

char *perf_evsel__strval(struct perf_evsel *evsel, struct perf_sample *sample,
			 const char *name)
{
	struct format_field *field = pevent_find_field(evsel->tp_format, name);
	int offset;

        if (!field)
                return NULL;

	offset = field->offset;

	if (field->flags & FIELD_IS_DYNAMIC) {
		offset = *(int *)(sample->raw_data + field->offset);
		offset &= 0xffff;
	}

	return sample->raw_data + offset;
}

u64 perf_evsel__intval(struct perf_evsel *evsel, struct perf_sample *sample,
		       const char *name)
{
	struct format_field *field = pevent_find_field(evsel->tp_format, name);
	u64 val;

        if (!field)
                return 0;

	val = pevent_read_number(evsel->tp_format->pevent,
				 sample->raw_data + field->offset, field->size);
	return val;

}