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path: root/drivers/usb/serial/cypress_m8.c
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/*
 * USB Cypress M8 driver
 *
 * 	Copyright (C) 2004
 * 	    Lonnie Mendez (dignome@gmail.com)
 *	Copyright (C) 2003,2004
 *	    Neil Whelchel (koyama@firstlight.net)
 *
 * 	This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * 	it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * 	the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * 	(at your option) any later version.
 *
 * See Documentation/usb/usb-serial.txt for more information on using this
 * driver
 *
 * See http://geocities.com/i0xox0i for information on this driver and the
 * earthmate usb device.
 */

/* Thanks to Neil Whelchel for writing the first cypress m8 implementation
   for linux. */
/* Thanks to cypress for providing references for the hid reports. */
/* Thanks to Jiang Zhang for providing links and for general help. */
/* Code originates and was built up from ftdi_sio, belkin, pl2303 and others.*/


#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/tty.h>
#include <linux/tty_driver.h>
#include <linux/tty_flip.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/usb/serial.h>
#include <linux/serial.h>
#include <linux/kfifo.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/unaligned.h>

#include "cypress_m8.h"


static bool stats;
static int interval;
static bool unstable_bauds;

#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Lonnie Mendez <dignome@gmail.com>, Neil Whelchel <koyama@firstlight.net>"
#define DRIVER_DESC "Cypress USB to Serial Driver"

/* write buffer size defines */
#define CYPRESS_BUF_SIZE	1024

static const struct usb_device_id id_table_earthmate[] = {
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_DELORME, PRODUCT_ID_EARTHMATEUSB) },
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_DELORME, PRODUCT_ID_EARTHMATEUSB_LT20) },
	{ }						/* Terminating entry */
};

static const struct usb_device_id id_table_cyphidcomrs232[] = {
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_CYPRESS, PRODUCT_ID_CYPHIDCOM) },
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_POWERCOM, PRODUCT_ID_UPS) },
	{ }						/* Terminating entry */
};

static const struct usb_device_id id_table_nokiaca42v2[] = {
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_DAZZLE, PRODUCT_ID_CA42) },
	{ }						/* Terminating entry */
};

static const struct usb_device_id id_table_combined[] = {
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_DELORME, PRODUCT_ID_EARTHMATEUSB) },
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_DELORME, PRODUCT_ID_EARTHMATEUSB_LT20) },
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_CYPRESS, PRODUCT_ID_CYPHIDCOM) },
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_POWERCOM, PRODUCT_ID_UPS) },
	{ USB_DEVICE(VENDOR_ID_DAZZLE, PRODUCT_ID_CA42) },
	{ }						/* Terminating entry */
};

MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, id_table_combined);

enum packet_format {
	packet_format_1,  /* b0:status, b1:payload count */
	packet_format_2   /* b0[7:3]:status, b0[2:0]:payload count */
};

struct cypress_private {
	spinlock_t lock;		   /* private lock */
	int chiptype;			   /* identifier of device, for quirks/etc */
	int bytes_in;			   /* used for statistics */
	int bytes_out;			   /* used for statistics */
	int cmd_count;			   /* used for statistics */
	int cmd_ctrl;			   /* always set this to 1 before issuing a command */
	struct kfifo write_fifo;	   /* write fifo */
	int write_urb_in_use;		   /* write urb in use indicator */
	int write_urb_interval;            /* interval to use for write urb */
	int read_urb_interval;             /* interval to use for read urb */
	int comm_is_ok;                    /* true if communication is (still) ok */
	int termios_initialized;
	__u8 line_control;	   	   /* holds dtr / rts value */
	__u8 current_status;	   	   /* received from last read - info on dsr,cts,cd,ri,etc */
	__u8 current_config;	   	   /* stores the current configuration byte */
	__u8 rx_flags;			   /* throttling - used from whiteheat/ftdi_sio */
	enum packet_format pkt_fmt;	   /* format to use for packet send / receive */
	int get_cfg_unsafe;		   /* If true, the CYPRESS_GET_CONFIG is unsafe */
	int baud_rate;			   /* stores current baud rate in
					      integer form */
	int isthrottled;		   /* if throttled, discard reads */
	wait_queue_head_t delta_msr_wait;  /* used for TIOCMIWAIT */
	char prev_status, diff_status;	   /* used for TIOCMIWAIT */
	/* we pass a pointer to this as the argument sent to
	   cypress_set_termios old_termios */
	struct ktermios tmp_termios; 	   /* stores the old termios settings */
};

/* function prototypes for the Cypress USB to serial device */
static int  cypress_earthmate_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port);
static int  cypress_hidcom_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port);
static int  cypress_ca42v2_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port);
static int  cypress_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port);
static int  cypress_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct usb_serial_port *port);
static void cypress_close(struct usb_serial_port *port);
static void cypress_dtr_rts(struct usb_serial_port *port, int on);
static int  cypress_write(struct tty_struct *tty, struct usb_serial_port *port,
			const unsigned char *buf, int count);
static void cypress_send(struct usb_serial_port *port);
static int  cypress_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty);
static int  cypress_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty,
			unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
static void cypress_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty,
			struct usb_serial_port *port, struct ktermios *old);
static int  cypress_tiocmget(struct tty_struct *tty);
static int  cypress_tiocmset(struct tty_struct *tty,
			unsigned int set, unsigned int clear);
static int  cypress_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty);
static void cypress_throttle(struct tty_struct *tty);
static void cypress_unthrottle(struct tty_struct *tty);
static void cypress_set_dead(struct usb_serial_port *port);
static void cypress_read_int_callback(struct urb *urb);
static void cypress_write_int_callback(struct urb *urb);

static struct usb_serial_driver cypress_earthmate_device = {
	.driver = {
		.owner =		THIS_MODULE,
		.name =			"earthmate",
	},
	.description =			"DeLorme Earthmate USB",
	.id_table =			id_table_earthmate,
	.num_ports =			1,
	.port_probe =			cypress_earthmate_port_probe,
	.port_remove =			cypress_port_remove,
	.open =				cypress_open,
	.close =			cypress_close,
	.dtr_rts =			cypress_dtr_rts,
	.write =			cypress_write,
	.write_room =			cypress_write_room,
	.ioctl =			cypress_ioctl,
	.set_termios =			cypress_set_termios,
	.tiocmget =			cypress_tiocmget,
	.tiocmset =			cypress_tiocmset,
	.chars_in_buffer =		cypress_chars_in_buffer,
	.throttle =		 	cypress_throttle,
	.unthrottle =			cypress_unthrottle,
	.read_int_callback =		cypress_read_int_callback,
	.write_int_callback =		cypress_write_int_callback,
};

static struct usb_serial_driver cypress_hidcom_device = {
	.driver = {
		.owner =		THIS_MODULE,
		.name =			"cyphidcom",
	},
	.description =			"HID->COM RS232 Adapter",
	.id_table =			id_table_cyphidcomrs232,
	.num_ports =			1,
	.port_probe =			cypress_hidcom_port_probe,
	.port_remove =			cypress_port_remove,
	.open =				cypress_open,
	.close =			cypress_close,
	.dtr_rts =			cypress_dtr_rts,
	.write =			cypress_write,
	.write_room =			cypress_write_room,
	.ioctl =			cypress_ioctl,
	.set_termios =			cypress_set_termios,
	.tiocmget =			cypress_tiocmget,
	.tiocmset =			cypress_tiocmset,
	.chars_in_buffer =		cypress_chars_in_buffer,
	.throttle =			cypress_throttle,
	.unthrottle =			cypress_unthrottle,
	.read_int_callback =		cypress_read_int_callback,
	.write_int_callback =		cypress_write_int_callback,
};

static struct usb_serial_driver cypress_ca42v2_device = {
	.driver = {
		.owner =		THIS_MODULE,
		.name =			"nokiaca42v2",
	},
	.description =			"Nokia CA-42 V2 Adapter",
	.id_table =			id_table_nokiaca42v2,
	.num_ports =			1,
	.port_probe =			cypress_ca42v2_port_probe,
	.port_remove =			cypress_port_remove,
	.open =				cypress_open,
	.close =			cypress_close,
	.dtr_rts =			cypress_dtr_rts,
	.write =			cypress_write,
	.write_room =			cypress_write_room,
	.ioctl =			cypress_ioctl,
	.set_termios =			cypress_set_termios,
	.tiocmget =			cypress_tiocmget,
	.tiocmset =			cypress_tiocmset,
	.chars_in_buffer =		cypress_chars_in_buffer,
	.throttle =			cypress_throttle,
	.unthrottle =			cypress_unthrottle,
	.read_int_callback =		cypress_read_int_callback,
	.write_int_callback =		cypress_write_int_callback,
};

static struct usb_serial_driver * const serial_drivers[] = {
	&cypress_earthmate_device, &cypress_hidcom_device,
	&cypress_ca42v2_device, NULL
};

/*****************************************************************************
 * Cypress serial helper functions
 *****************************************************************************/


static int analyze_baud_rate(struct usb_serial_port *port, speed_t new_rate)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv;
	priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);

	if (unstable_bauds)
		return new_rate;

	/*
	 * The general purpose firmware for the Cypress M8 allows for
	 * a maximum speed of 57600bps (I have no idea whether DeLorme
	 * chose to use the general purpose firmware or not), if you
	 * need to modify this speed setting for your own project
	 * please add your own chiptype and modify the code likewise.
	 * The Cypress HID->COM device will work successfully up to
	 * 115200bps (but the actual throughput is around 3kBps).
	 */
	if (port->serial->dev->speed == USB_SPEED_LOW) {
		/*
		 * Mike Isely <isely@pobox.com> 2-Feb-2008: The
		 * Cypress app note that describes this mechanism
		 * states the the low-speed part can't handle more
		 * than 800 bytes/sec, in which case 4800 baud is the
		 * safest speed for a part like that.
		 */
		if (new_rate > 4800) {
			dev_dbg(&port->dev,
				"%s - failed setting baud rate, device incapable speed %d\n",
				__func__, new_rate);
			return -1;
		}
	}
	switch (priv->chiptype) {
	case CT_EARTHMATE:
		if (new_rate <= 600) {
			/* 300 and 600 baud rates are supported under
			 * the generic firmware, but are not used with
			 * NMEA and SiRF protocols */
			dev_dbg(&port->dev,
				"%s - failed setting baud rate, unsupported speed of %d on Earthmate GPS",
				__func__, new_rate);
			return -1;
		}
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}
	return new_rate;
}


/* This function can either set or retrieve the current serial line settings */
static int cypress_serial_control(struct tty_struct *tty,
	struct usb_serial_port *port, speed_t baud_rate, int data_bits,
	int stop_bits, int parity_enable, int parity_type, int reset,
	int cypress_request_type)
{
	int new_baudrate = 0, retval = 0, tries = 0;
	struct cypress_private *priv;
	struct device *dev = &port->dev;
	u8 *feature_buffer;
	const unsigned int feature_len = 5;
	unsigned long flags;

	priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);

	if (!priv->comm_is_ok)
		return -ENODEV;

	feature_buffer = kcalloc(feature_len, sizeof(u8), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!feature_buffer)
		return -ENOMEM;

	switch (cypress_request_type) {
	case CYPRESS_SET_CONFIG:
		/* 0 means 'Hang up' so doesn't change the true bit rate */
		new_baudrate = priv->baud_rate;
		if (baud_rate && baud_rate != priv->baud_rate) {
			dev_dbg(dev, "%s - baud rate is changing\n", __func__);
			retval = analyze_baud_rate(port, baud_rate);
			if (retval >= 0) {
				new_baudrate = retval;
				dev_dbg(dev, "%s - New baud rate set to %d\n",
					__func__, new_baudrate);
			}
		}
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - baud rate is being sent as %d\n", __func__,
			new_baudrate);

		/* fill the feature_buffer with new configuration */
		put_unaligned_le32(new_baudrate, feature_buffer);
		feature_buffer[4] |= data_bits;   /* assign data bits in 2 bit space ( max 3 ) */
		/* 1 bit gap */
		feature_buffer[4] |= (stop_bits << 3);   /* assign stop bits in 1 bit space */
		feature_buffer[4] |= (parity_enable << 4);   /* assign parity flag in 1 bit space */
		feature_buffer[4] |= (parity_type << 5);   /* assign parity type in 1 bit space */
		/* 1 bit gap */
		feature_buffer[4] |= (reset << 7);   /* assign reset at end of byte, 1 bit space */

		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - device is being sent this feature report:\n", __func__);
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - %02X - %02X - %02X - %02X - %02X\n", __func__,
			feature_buffer[0], feature_buffer[1],
			feature_buffer[2], feature_buffer[3],
			feature_buffer[4]);

		do {
			retval = usb_control_msg(port->serial->dev,
					usb_sndctrlpipe(port->serial->dev, 0),
					HID_REQ_SET_REPORT,
					USB_DIR_OUT | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE | USB_TYPE_CLASS,
					0x0300, 0, feature_buffer,
					feature_len, 500);

			if (tries++ >= 3)
				break;

		} while (retval != feature_len &&
			 retval != -ENODEV);

		if (retval != feature_len) {
			dev_err(dev, "%s - failed sending serial line settings - %d\n",
				__func__, retval);
			cypress_set_dead(port);
		} else {
			spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
			priv->baud_rate = new_baudrate;
			priv->current_config = feature_buffer[4];
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
			/* If we asked for a speed change encode it */
			if (baud_rate)
				tty_encode_baud_rate(tty,
					new_baudrate, new_baudrate);
		}
	break;
	case CYPRESS_GET_CONFIG:
		if (priv->get_cfg_unsafe) {
			/* Not implemented for this device,
			   and if we try to do it we're likely
			   to crash the hardware. */
			retval = -ENOTTY;
			goto out;
		}
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - retreiving serial line settings\n", __func__);
		do {
			retval = usb_control_msg(port->serial->dev,
					usb_rcvctrlpipe(port->serial->dev, 0),
					HID_REQ_GET_REPORT,
					USB_DIR_IN | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE | USB_TYPE_CLASS,
					0x0300, 0, feature_buffer,
					feature_len, 500);

			if (tries++ >= 3)
				break;
		} while (retval != feature_len
						&& retval != -ENODEV);

		if (retval != feature_len) {
			dev_err(dev, "%s - failed to retrieve serial line settings - %d\n",
				__func__, retval);
			cypress_set_dead(port);
			goto out;
		} else {
			spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
			/* store the config in one byte, and later
			   use bit masks to check values */
			priv->current_config = feature_buffer[4];
			priv->baud_rate = get_unaligned_le32(feature_buffer);
			spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
		}
	}
	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	++priv->cmd_count;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
out:
	kfree(feature_buffer);
	return retval;
} /* cypress_serial_control */


static void cypress_set_dead(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (!priv->comm_is_ok) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
		return;
	}
	priv->comm_is_ok = 0;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	dev_err(&port->dev, "cypress_m8 suspending failing port %d - "
		"interval might be too short\n", port->number);
}


/*****************************************************************************
 * Cypress serial driver functions
 *****************************************************************************/


static int cypress_generic_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
	struct cypress_private *priv;

	priv = kzalloc(sizeof(struct cypress_private), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!priv)
		return -ENOMEM;

	priv->comm_is_ok = !0;
	spin_lock_init(&priv->lock);
	if (kfifo_alloc(&priv->write_fifo, CYPRESS_BUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL)) {
		kfree(priv);
		return -ENOMEM;
	}
	init_waitqueue_head(&priv->delta_msr_wait);

	usb_reset_configuration(serial->dev);

	priv->cmd_ctrl = 0;
	priv->line_control = 0;
	priv->termios_initialized = 0;
	priv->rx_flags = 0;
	/* Default packet format setting is determined by packet size.
	   Anything with a size larger then 9 must have a separate
	   count field since the 3 bit count field is otherwise too
	   small.  Otherwise we can use the slightly more compact
	   format.  This is in accordance with the cypress_m8 serial
	   converter app note. */
	if (port->interrupt_out_size > 9)
		priv->pkt_fmt = packet_format_1;
	else
		priv->pkt_fmt = packet_format_2;

	if (interval > 0) {
		priv->write_urb_interval = interval;
		priv->read_urb_interval = interval;
		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - read & write intervals forced to %d\n",
			__func__, interval);
	} else {
		priv->write_urb_interval = port->interrupt_out_urb->interval;
		priv->read_urb_interval = port->interrupt_in_urb->interval;
		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - intervals: read=%d write=%d\n",
			__func__, priv->read_urb_interval,
			priv->write_urb_interval);
	}
	usb_set_serial_port_data(port, priv);

	return 0;
}


static int cypress_earthmate_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
	struct cypress_private *priv;
	int ret;

	ret = cypress_generic_port_probe(port);
	if (ret) {
		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - Failed setting up port\n", __func__);
		return ret;
	}

	priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	priv->chiptype = CT_EARTHMATE;
	/* All Earthmate devices use the separated-count packet
	   format!  Idiotic. */
	priv->pkt_fmt = packet_format_1;
	if (serial->dev->descriptor.idProduct !=
				cpu_to_le16(PRODUCT_ID_EARTHMATEUSB)) {
		/* The old original USB Earthmate seemed able to
		   handle GET_CONFIG requests; everything they've
		   produced since that time crashes if this command is
		   attempted :-( */
		dev_dbg(&port->dev,
			"%s - Marking this device as unsafe for GET_CONFIG commands\n",
			__func__);
		priv->get_cfg_unsafe = !0;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int cypress_hidcom_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv;
	int ret;

	ret = cypress_generic_port_probe(port);
	if (ret) {
		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - Failed setting up port\n", __func__);
		return ret;
	}

	priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	priv->chiptype = CT_CYPHIDCOM;

	return 0;
}

static int cypress_ca42v2_port_probe(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv;
	int ret;

	ret = cypress_generic_port_probe(port);
	if (ret) {
		dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - Failed setting up port\n", __func__);
		return ret;
	}

	priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	priv->chiptype = CT_CA42V2;

	return 0;
}

static int cypress_port_remove(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv;

	priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);

	kfifo_free(&priv->write_fifo);
	kfree(priv);

	return 0;
}

static int cypress_open(struct tty_struct *tty, struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	struct usb_serial *serial = port->serial;
	unsigned long flags;
	int result = 0;

	if (!priv->comm_is_ok)
		return -EIO;

	/* clear halts before open */
	usb_clear_halt(serial->dev, 0x81);
	usb_clear_halt(serial->dev, 0x02);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	/* reset read/write statistics */
	priv->bytes_in = 0;
	priv->bytes_out = 0;
	priv->cmd_count = 0;
	priv->rx_flags = 0;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	/* Set termios */
	cypress_send(port);

	if (tty)
		cypress_set_termios(tty, port, &priv->tmp_termios);

	/* setup the port and start reading from the device */
	if (!port->interrupt_in_urb) {
		dev_err(&port->dev, "%s - interrupt_in_urb is empty!\n",
			__func__);
		return -1;
	}

	usb_fill_int_urb(port->interrupt_in_urb, serial->dev,
		usb_rcvintpipe(serial->dev, port->interrupt_in_endpointAddress),
		port->interrupt_in_urb->transfer_buffer,
		port->interrupt_in_urb->transfer_buffer_length,
		cypress_read_int_callback, port, priv->read_urb_interval);
	result = usb_submit_urb(port->interrupt_in_urb, GFP_KERNEL);

	if (result) {
		dev_err(&port->dev,
			"%s - failed submitting read urb, error %d\n",
							__func__, result);
		cypress_set_dead(port);
	}
	port->port.drain_delay = 256;
	return result;
} /* cypress_open */

static void cypress_dtr_rts(struct usb_serial_port *port, int on)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	/* drop dtr and rts */
	spin_lock_irq(&priv->lock);
	if (on == 0)
		priv->line_control = 0;
	else 
		priv->line_control = CONTROL_DTR | CONTROL_RTS;
	priv->cmd_ctrl = 1;
	spin_unlock_irq(&priv->lock);
	cypress_write(NULL, port, NULL, 0);
}

static void cypress_close(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	unsigned long flags;

	/* writing is potentially harmful, lock must be taken */
	mutex_lock(&port->serial->disc_mutex);
	if (port->serial->disconnected) {
		mutex_unlock(&port->serial->disc_mutex);
		return;
	}
	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	kfifo_reset_out(&priv->write_fifo);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - stopping urbs\n", __func__);
	usb_kill_urb(port->interrupt_in_urb);
	usb_kill_urb(port->interrupt_out_urb);

	if (stats)
		dev_info(&port->dev, "Statistics: %d Bytes In | %d Bytes Out | %d Commands Issued\n",
			priv->bytes_in, priv->bytes_out, priv->cmd_count);
	mutex_unlock(&port->serial->disc_mutex);
} /* cypress_close */


static int cypress_write(struct tty_struct *tty, struct usb_serial_port *port,
					const unsigned char *buf, int count)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);

	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - port %d, %d bytes\n", __func__, port->number, count);

	/* line control commands, which need to be executed immediately,
	   are not put into the buffer for obvious reasons.
	 */
	if (priv->cmd_ctrl) {
		count = 0;
		goto finish;
	}

	if (!count)
		return count;

	count = kfifo_in_locked(&priv->write_fifo, buf, count, &priv->lock);

finish:
	cypress_send(port);

	return count;
} /* cypress_write */


static void cypress_send(struct usb_serial_port *port)
{
	int count = 0, result, offset, actual_size;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	struct device *dev = &port->dev;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (!priv->comm_is_ok)
		return;

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s - interrupt out size is %d\n", __func__,
		port->interrupt_out_size);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (priv->write_urb_in_use) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - can't write, urb in use\n", __func__);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
		return;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	/* clear buffer */
	memset(port->interrupt_out_urb->transfer_buffer, 0,
						port->interrupt_out_size);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	switch (priv->pkt_fmt) {
	default:
	case packet_format_1:
		/* this is for the CY7C64013... */
		offset = 2;
		port->interrupt_out_buffer[0] = priv->line_control;
		break;
	case packet_format_2:
		/* this is for the CY7C63743... */
		offset = 1;
		port->interrupt_out_buffer[0] = priv->line_control;
		break;
	}

	if (priv->line_control & CONTROL_RESET)
		priv->line_control &= ~CONTROL_RESET;

	if (priv->cmd_ctrl) {
		priv->cmd_count++;
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - line control command being issued\n", __func__);
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
		goto send;
	} else
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	count = kfifo_out_locked(&priv->write_fifo,
					&port->interrupt_out_buffer[offset],
					port->interrupt_out_size - offset,
					&priv->lock);
	if (count == 0)
		return;

	switch (priv->pkt_fmt) {
	default:
	case packet_format_1:
		port->interrupt_out_buffer[1] = count;
		break;
	case packet_format_2:
		port->interrupt_out_buffer[0] |= count;
	}

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s - count is %d\n", __func__, count);

send:
	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	priv->write_urb_in_use = 1;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	if (priv->cmd_ctrl)
		actual_size = 1;
	else
		actual_size = count +
			      (priv->pkt_fmt == packet_format_1 ? 2 : 1);

	usb_serial_debug_data(dev, __func__, port->interrupt_out_size,
			      port->interrupt_out_urb->transfer_buffer);

	usb_fill_int_urb(port->interrupt_out_urb, port->serial->dev,
		usb_sndintpipe(port->serial->dev, port->interrupt_out_endpointAddress),
		port->interrupt_out_buffer, port->interrupt_out_size,
		cypress_write_int_callback, port, priv->write_urb_interval);
	result = usb_submit_urb(port->interrupt_out_urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (result) {
		dev_err_console(port,
				"%s - failed submitting write urb, error %d\n",
							__func__, result);
		priv->write_urb_in_use = 0;
		cypress_set_dead(port);
	}

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (priv->cmd_ctrl)
		priv->cmd_ctrl = 0;

	/* do not count the line control and size bytes */
	priv->bytes_out += count;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	usb_serial_port_softint(port);
} /* cypress_send */


/* returns how much space is available in the soft buffer */
static int cypress_write_room(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	int room = 0;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	room = kfifo_avail(&priv->write_fifo);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - returns %d\n", __func__, room);
	return room;
}


static int cypress_tiocmget(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	__u8 status, control;
	unsigned int result = 0;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	control = priv->line_control;
	status = priv->current_status;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	result = ((control & CONTROL_DTR)        ? TIOCM_DTR : 0)
		| ((control & CONTROL_RTS)       ? TIOCM_RTS : 0)
		| ((status & UART_CTS)        ? TIOCM_CTS : 0)
		| ((status & UART_DSR)        ? TIOCM_DSR : 0)
		| ((status & UART_RI)         ? TIOCM_RI  : 0)
		| ((status & UART_CD)         ? TIOCM_CD  : 0);

	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - result = %x\n", __func__, result);

	return result;
}


static int cypress_tiocmset(struct tty_struct *tty,
			       unsigned int set, unsigned int clear)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (set & TIOCM_RTS)
		priv->line_control |= CONTROL_RTS;
	if (set & TIOCM_DTR)
		priv->line_control |= CONTROL_DTR;
	if (clear & TIOCM_RTS)
		priv->line_control &= ~CONTROL_RTS;
	if (clear & TIOCM_DTR)
		priv->line_control &= ~CONTROL_DTR;
	priv->cmd_ctrl = 1;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	return cypress_write(tty, port, NULL, 0);
}


static int cypress_ioctl(struct tty_struct *tty,
					unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);

	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - port %d, cmd 0x%.4x\n", __func__, port->number, cmd);

	switch (cmd) {
	/* This code comes from drivers/char/serial.c and ftdi_sio.c */
	case TIOCMIWAIT:
		while (priv != NULL) {
			interruptible_sleep_on(&priv->delta_msr_wait);
			/* see if a signal did it */
			if (signal_pending(current))
				return -ERESTARTSYS;
			else {
				char diff = priv->diff_status;
				if (diff == 0)
					return -EIO; /* no change => error */

				/* consume all events */
				priv->diff_status = 0;

				/* return 0 if caller wanted to know about
				   these bits */
				if (((arg & TIOCM_RNG) && (diff & UART_RI)) ||
				    ((arg & TIOCM_DSR) && (diff & UART_DSR)) ||
				    ((arg & TIOCM_CD) && (diff & UART_CD)) ||
				    ((arg & TIOCM_CTS) && (diff & UART_CTS)))
					return 0;
				/* otherwise caller can't care less about what
				 * happened, and so we continue to wait for
				 * more events.
				 */
			}
		}
		return 0;
	default:
		break;
	}
	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - arg not supported - it was 0x%04x - check include/asm/ioctls.h\n", __func__, cmd);
	return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
} /* cypress_ioctl */


static void cypress_set_termios(struct tty_struct *tty,
	struct usb_serial_port *port, struct ktermios *old_termios)
{
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	struct device *dev = &port->dev;
	int data_bits, stop_bits, parity_type, parity_enable;
	unsigned cflag, iflag;
	unsigned long flags;
	__u8 oldlines;
	int linechange = 0;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	/* We can't clean this one up as we don't know the device type
	   early enough */
	if (!priv->termios_initialized) {
		if (priv->chiptype == CT_EARTHMATE) {
			tty->termios = tty_std_termios;
			tty->termios.c_cflag = B4800 | CS8 | CREAD | HUPCL |
				CLOCAL;
			tty->termios.c_ispeed = 4800;
			tty->termios.c_ospeed = 4800;
		} else if (priv->chiptype == CT_CYPHIDCOM) {
			tty->termios = tty_std_termios;
			tty->termios.c_cflag = B9600 | CS8 | CREAD | HUPCL |
				CLOCAL;
			tty->termios.c_ispeed = 9600;
			tty->termios.c_ospeed = 9600;
		} else if (priv->chiptype == CT_CA42V2) {
			tty->termios = tty_std_termios;
			tty->termios.c_cflag = B9600 | CS8 | CREAD | HUPCL |
				CLOCAL;
			tty->termios.c_ispeed = 9600;
			tty->termios.c_ospeed = 9600;
		}
		priv->termios_initialized = 1;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	/* Unsupported features need clearing */
	tty->termios.c_cflag &= ~(CMSPAR|CRTSCTS);

	cflag = tty->termios.c_cflag;
	iflag = tty->termios.c_iflag;

	/* check if there are new settings */
	if (old_termios) {
		spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
		priv->tmp_termios = tty->termios;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
	}

	/* set number of data bits, parity, stop bits */
	/* when parity is disabled the parity type bit is ignored */

	/* 1 means 2 stop bits, 0 means 1 stop bit */
	stop_bits = cflag & CSTOPB ? 1 : 0;

	if (cflag & PARENB) {
		parity_enable = 1;
		/* 1 means odd parity, 0 means even parity */
		parity_type = cflag & PARODD ? 1 : 0;
	} else
		parity_enable = parity_type = 0;

	switch (cflag & CSIZE) {
	case CS5:
		data_bits = 0;
		break;
	case CS6:
		data_bits = 1;
		break;
	case CS7:
		data_bits = 2;
		break;
	case CS8:
		data_bits = 3;
		break;
	default:
		dev_err(dev, "%s - CSIZE was set, but not CS5-CS8\n", __func__);
		data_bits = 3;
	}
	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	oldlines = priv->line_control;
	if ((cflag & CBAUD) == B0) {
		/* drop dtr and rts */
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - dropping the lines, baud rate 0bps\n", __func__);
		priv->line_control &= ~(CONTROL_DTR | CONTROL_RTS);
	} else
		priv->line_control = (CONTROL_DTR | CONTROL_RTS);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	dev_dbg(dev, "%s - sending %d stop_bits, %d parity_enable, %d parity_type, %d data_bits (+5)\n",
		__func__, stop_bits, parity_enable, parity_type, data_bits);

	cypress_serial_control(tty, port, tty_get_baud_rate(tty),
			data_bits, stop_bits,
			parity_enable, parity_type,
			0, CYPRESS_SET_CONFIG);

	/* we perform a CYPRESS_GET_CONFIG so that the current settings are
	 * filled into the private structure this should confirm that all is
	 * working if it returns what we just set */
	cypress_serial_control(tty, port, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, CYPRESS_GET_CONFIG);

	/* Here we can define custom tty settings for devices; the main tty
	 * termios flag base comes from empeg.c */

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (priv->chiptype == CT_EARTHMATE && priv->baud_rate == 4800) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "Using custom termios settings for a baud rate of 4800bps.\n");
		/* define custom termios settings for NMEA protocol */

		tty->termios.c_iflag /* input modes - */
			&= ~(IGNBRK  /* disable ignore break */
			| BRKINT     /* disable break causes interrupt */
			| PARMRK     /* disable mark parity errors */
			| ISTRIP     /* disable clear high bit of input char */
			| INLCR      /* disable translate NL to CR */
			| IGNCR      /* disable ignore CR */
			| ICRNL      /* disable translate CR to NL */
			| IXON);     /* disable enable XON/XOFF flow control */

		tty->termios.c_oflag /* output modes */
			&= ~OPOST;    /* disable postprocess output char */

		tty->termios.c_lflag /* line discipline modes */
			&= ~(ECHO     /* disable echo input characters */
			| ECHONL      /* disable echo new line */
			| ICANON      /* disable erase, kill, werase, and rprnt
					 special characters */
			| ISIG        /* disable interrupt, quit, and suspend
					 special characters */
			| IEXTEN);    /* disable non-POSIX special characters */
	} /* CT_CYPHIDCOM: Application should handle this for device */

	linechange = (priv->line_control != oldlines);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	/* if necessary, set lines */
	if (linechange) {
		priv->cmd_ctrl = 1;
		cypress_write(tty, port, NULL, 0);
	}
} /* cypress_set_termios */


/* returns amount of data still left in soft buffer */
static int cypress_chars_in_buffer(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	int chars = 0;
	unsigned long flags;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	chars = kfifo_len(&priv->write_fifo);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	dev_dbg(&port->dev, "%s - returns %d\n", __func__, chars);
	return chars;
}


static void cypress_throttle(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);

	spin_lock_irq(&priv->lock);
	priv->rx_flags = THROTTLED;
	spin_unlock_irq(&priv->lock);
}


static void cypress_unthrottle(struct tty_struct *tty)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = tty->driver_data;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	int actually_throttled, result;

	spin_lock_irq(&priv->lock);
	actually_throttled = priv->rx_flags & ACTUALLY_THROTTLED;
	priv->rx_flags = 0;
	spin_unlock_irq(&priv->lock);

	if (!priv->comm_is_ok)
		return;

	if (actually_throttled) {
		result = usb_submit_urb(port->interrupt_in_urb, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (result) {
			dev_err(&port->dev, "%s - failed submitting read urb, "
					"error %d\n", __func__, result);
			cypress_set_dead(port);
		}
	}
}


static void cypress_read_int_callback(struct urb *urb)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = urb->context;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	struct device *dev = &urb->dev->dev;
	struct tty_struct *tty;
	unsigned char *data = urb->transfer_buffer;
	unsigned long flags;
	char tty_flag = TTY_NORMAL;
	int havedata = 0;
	int bytes = 0;
	int result;
	int i = 0;
	int status = urb->status;

	switch (status) {
	case 0: /* success */
		break;
	case -ECONNRESET:
	case -ENOENT:
	case -ESHUTDOWN:
		/* precursor to disconnect so just go away */
		return;
	case -EPIPE:
		/* Can't call usb_clear_halt while in_interrupt */
		/* FALLS THROUGH */
	default:
		/* something ugly is going on... */
		dev_err(dev, "%s - unexpected nonzero read status received: %d\n",
			__func__, status);
		cypress_set_dead(port);
		return;
	}

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (priv->rx_flags & THROTTLED) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - now throttling\n", __func__);
		priv->rx_flags |= ACTUALLY_THROTTLED;
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
		return;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	tty = tty_port_tty_get(&port->port);
	if (!tty) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - bad tty pointer - exiting\n", __func__);
		return;
	}

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	result = urb->actual_length;
	switch (priv->pkt_fmt) {
	default:
	case packet_format_1:
		/* This is for the CY7C64013... */
		priv->current_status = data[0] & 0xF8;
		bytes = data[1] + 2;
		i = 2;
		if (bytes > 2)
			havedata = 1;
		break;
	case packet_format_2:
		/* This is for the CY7C63743... */
		priv->current_status = data[0] & 0xF8;
		bytes = (data[0] & 0x07) + 1;
		i = 1;
		if (bytes > 1)
			havedata = 1;
		break;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (result < bytes) {
		dev_dbg(dev,
			"%s - wrong packet size - received %d bytes but packet said %d bytes\n",
			__func__, result, bytes);
		goto continue_read;
	}

	usb_serial_debug_data(&port->dev, __func__, urb->actual_length, data);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	/* check to see if status has changed */
	if (priv->current_status != priv->prev_status) {
		priv->diff_status |= priv->current_status ^
			priv->prev_status;
		wake_up_interruptible(&priv->delta_msr_wait);
		priv->prev_status = priv->current_status;
	}
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	/* hangup, as defined in acm.c... this might be a bad place for it
	 * though */
	if (tty && !(tty->termios.c_cflag & CLOCAL) &&
			!(priv->current_status & UART_CD)) {
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - calling hangup\n", __func__);
		tty_hangup(tty);
		goto continue_read;
	}

	/* There is one error bit... I'm assuming it is a parity error
	 * indicator as the generic firmware will set this bit to 1 if a
	 * parity error occurs.
	 * I can not find reference to any other error events. */
	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	if (priv->current_status & CYP_ERROR) {
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);
		tty_flag = TTY_PARITY;
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - Parity Error detected\n", __func__);
	} else
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

	/* process read if there is data other than line status */
	if (tty && bytes > i) {
		tty_insert_flip_string_fixed_flag(&port->port, data + i,
				tty_flag, bytes - i);
		tty_flip_buffer_push(tty);
	}

	spin_lock_irqsave(&priv->lock, flags);
	/* control and status byte(s) are also counted */
	priv->bytes_in += bytes;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&priv->lock, flags);

continue_read:
	tty_kref_put(tty);

	/* Continue trying to always read */

	if (priv->comm_is_ok) {
		usb_fill_int_urb(port->interrupt_in_urb, port->serial->dev,
				usb_rcvintpipe(port->serial->dev,
					port->interrupt_in_endpointAddress),
				port->interrupt_in_urb->transfer_buffer,
				port->interrupt_in_urb->transfer_buffer_length,
				cypress_read_int_callback, port,
				priv->read_urb_interval);
		result = usb_submit_urb(port->interrupt_in_urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (result && result != -EPERM) {
			dev_err(dev, "%s - failed resubmitting read urb, error %d\n",
				__func__, result);
			cypress_set_dead(port);
		}
	}
} /* cypress_read_int_callback */


static void cypress_write_int_callback(struct urb *urb)
{
	struct usb_serial_port *port = urb->context;
	struct cypress_private *priv = usb_get_serial_port_data(port);
	struct device *dev = &urb->dev->dev;
	int result;
	int status = urb->status;

	switch (status) {
	case 0:
		/* success */
		break;
	case -ECONNRESET:
	case -ENOENT:
	case -ESHUTDOWN:
		/* this urb is terminated, clean up */
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - urb shutting down with status: %d\n",
			__func__, status);
		priv->write_urb_in_use = 0;
		return;
	case -EPIPE: /* no break needed; clear halt and resubmit */
		if (!priv->comm_is_ok)
			break;
		usb_clear_halt(port->serial->dev, 0x02);
		/* error in the urb, so we have to resubmit it */
		dev_dbg(dev, "%s - nonzero write bulk status received: %d\n",
			__func__, status);
		port->interrupt_out_urb->transfer_buffer_length = 1;
		result = usb_submit_urb(port->interrupt_out_urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
		if (!result)
			return;
		dev_err(dev, "%s - failed resubmitting write urb, error %d\n",
			__func__, result);
		cypress_set_dead(port);
		break;
	default:
		dev_err(dev, "%s - unexpected nonzero write status received: %d\n",
			__func__, status);
		cypress_set_dead(port);
		break;
	}
	priv->write_urb_in_use = 0;

	/* send any buffered data */
	cypress_send(port);
}

module_usb_serial_driver(serial_drivers, id_table_combined);

MODULE_AUTHOR(DRIVER_AUTHOR);
MODULE_DESCRIPTION(DRIVER_DESC);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

module_param(stats, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(stats, "Enable statistics or not");
module_param(interval, int, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(interval, "Overrides interrupt interval");
module_param(unstable_bauds, bool, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR);
MODULE_PARM_DESC(unstable_bauds, "Allow unstable baud rates");