From 133fd9f5cda2d86904126f4b9fa4e8f4330c9569 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Denys Vlasenko
Date: Thu, 31 May 2012 16:26:08 -0700
Subject: vsprintf: further optimize decimal conversion
Previous code was using optimizations which were developed to work well
even on narrow-word CPUs (by today's standards). But Linux runs only on
32-bit and wider CPUs. We can use that.
First: using 32x32->64 multiply and trivial 32-bit shift, we can correctly
divide by 10 much larger numbers, and thus we can print groups of 9 digits
instead of groups of 5 digits.
Next: there are two algorithms to print larger numbers. One is generic:
divide by 1000000000 and repeatedly print groups of (up to) 9 digits.
It's conceptually simple, but requires an (unsigned long long) /
1000000000 division.
Second algorithm splits 64-bit unsigned long long into 16-bit chunks,
manipulates them cleverly and generates groups of 4 decimal digits. It so
happens that it does NOT require long long division.
If long is > 32 bits, division of 64-bit values is relatively easy, and we
will use the first algorithm. If long long is > 64 bits (strange
architecture with VERY large long long), second algorithm can't be used,
and we again use the first one.
Else (if long is 32 bits and long long is 64 bits) we use second one.
And third: there is a simple optimization which takes fast path not only
for zero as was done before, but for all one-digit numbers.
In all tested cases new code is faster than old one, in many cases by 30%,
in few cases by more than 50% (for example, on x86-32, conversion of
12345678). Code growth is ~0 in 32-bit case and ~130 bytes in 64-bit
case.
This patch is based upon an original from Michal Nazarewicz.
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
Signed-off-by: Michal Nazarewicz
Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko
Cc: Douglas W Jones
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds
---
include/asm-generic/bitsperlong.h | 4 ++++
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)
(limited to 'include/asm-generic/bitsperlong.h')
diff --git a/include/asm-generic/bitsperlong.h b/include/asm-generic/bitsperlong.h
index 4ae54e07de83..a7b0914348fd 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/bitsperlong.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/bitsperlong.h
@@ -28,5 +28,9 @@
#error Inconsistent word size. Check asm/bitsperlong.h
#endif
+#ifndef BITS_PER_LONG_LONG
+#define BITS_PER_LONG_LONG 64
+#endif
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* __ASM_GENERIC_BITS_PER_LONG */
--
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