path: root/lib/bug.c
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2013-01-21taint: add explicit flag to show whether lock dep is still OK.Rusty Russell
Fix up all callers as they were before, with make one change: an unsigned module taints the kernel, but doesn't turn off lockdep. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2013-01-12module: put modules in list much earlier.Rusty Russell
Prarit's excellent bug report: > In recent Fedora releases (F17 & F18) some users have reported seeing > messages similar to > > [ 15.478160] kvm: Could not allocate 304 bytes percpu data > [ 15.478174] PERCPU: allocation failed, size=304 align=32, alloc from > reserved chunk failed > > during system boot. In some cases, users have also reported seeing this > message along with a failed load of other modules. > > What is happening is systemd is loading an instance of the kvm module for > each cpu found (see commit e9bda3b). When the module load occurs the kernel > currently allocates the modules percpu data area prior to checking to see > if the module is already loaded or is in the process of being loaded. If > the module is already loaded, or finishes load, the module loading code > releases the current instance's module's percpu data. Now we have a new state MODULE_STATE_UNFORMED, we can insert the module into the list (and thus guarantee its uniqueness) before we allocate the per-cpu region. Reported-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Tested-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com>
2012-01-26bugs, x86: Fix printk levels for panic, softlockups and stack dumpsPrarit Bhargava
rsyslog will display KERN_EMERG messages on a connected terminal. However, these messages are useless/undecipherable for a general user. For example, after a softlockup we get: Message from syslogd@intel-s3e37-04 at Jan 25 14:18:06 ... kernel:Stack: Message from syslogd@intel-s3e37-04 at Jan 25 14:18:06 ... kernel:Call Trace: Message from syslogd@intel-s3e37-04 at Jan 25 14:18:06 ... kernel:Code: ff ff a8 08 75 25 31 d2 48 8d 86 38 e0 ff ff 48 89 d1 0f 01 c8 0f ae f0 48 8b 86 38 e0 ff ff a8 08 75 08 b1 01 4c 89 e0 0f 01 c9 <e8> ea 69 dd ff 4c 29 e8 48 89 c7 e8 0f bc da ff 49 89 c4 49 89 This happens because the printk levels for these messages are incorrect. Only an informational message should be displayed on a terminal. I modified the printk levels for various messages in the kernel and tested the output by using the drivers/misc/lkdtm.c kernel modules (ie, softlockups, panics, hard lockups, etc.) and confirmed that the console output was still the same and that the output to the terminals was correct. For example, in the case of a softlockup we now see the much more informative: Message from syslogd@intel-s3e37-04 at Jan 25 10:18:06 ... BUG: soft lockup - CPU4 stuck for 60s! instead of the above confusing messages. AFAICT, the messages no longer have to be KERN_EMERG. In the most important case of a panic we set console_verbose(). As for the other less severe cases the correct data is output to the console and /var/log/messages. Successfully tested by me using the drivers/misc/lkdtm.c module. Signed-off-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com> Cc: dzickus@redhat.com Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1327586134-11926-1-git-send-email-prarit@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2010-10-05modules: Fix module_bug_list list corruption raceLinus Torvalds
With all the recent module loading cleanups, we've minimized the code that sits under module_mutex, fixing various deadlocks and making it possible to do most of the module loading in parallel. However, that whole conversion totally missed the rather obscure code that adds a new module to the list for BUG() handling. That code was doubly obscure because (a) the code itself lives in lib/bugs.c (for dubious reasons) and (b) it gets called from the architecture-specific "module_finalize()" rather than from generic code. Calling it from arch-specific code makes no sense what-so-ever to begin with, and is now actively wrong since that code isn't protected by the module loading lock any more. So this commit moves the "module_bug_{finalize,cleanup}()" calls away from the arch-specific code, and into the generic code - and in the process protects it with the module_mutex so that the list operations are now safe. Future fixups: - move the module list handling code into kernel/module.c where it belongs. - get rid of 'module_bug_list' and just use the regular list of modules (called 'modules' - imagine that) that we already create and maintain for other reasons. Reported-and-tested-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-11lib/bug.c: add oops end marker to WARN implementationAnton Blanchard
We are missing the oops end marker for the exception based WARN implementation in lib/bug.c. This is useful for logfile analysis tools. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-11lib/bug.c: make WARN implementation match the kernel/panic.c oneAnton Blanchard
There are a few issues with the exception based WARN implementation in lib/bug.c: - Inconsistent printk flags. The "cut here" line is printed at KERN_EMERG, so the console and all logged in users see the single line: ------------[ cut here ]------------ for each WARN. Fix this so we print everything at KERN_WARNING to match the kernel/panic.c version. - The lib/bug.c WARN would print "Badness at". Change it to match the kernel/panic.c version which prints "WARNING: at". - Print the list of modules, similar to kernel/panic.c of modules, similar to kernel/panic.c [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-19panic: Allow warnings to set different taint flagsBen Hutchings
WARN() is used in some places to report firmware or hardware bugs that are then worked-around. These bugs do not affect the stability of the kernel and should not set the flag for TAINT_WARN. To allow for this, add WARN_TAINT() and WARN_TAINT_ONCE() macros that take a taint number as argument. Architectures that implement warnings using trap instructions instead of calls to warn_slowpath_*() now implement __WARN_TAINT(taint) instead of __WARN(). Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk> Acked-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Tested-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
2008-12-16allow bug table entries to use relative pointers (and use it on x86-64)Jan Beulich
Impact: reduce bug table size This allows reducing the bug table size by half. Perhaps there are other 64-bit architectures that could also make use of this. Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-07-04lib: taint kernel in common report_bug() WARN path.Paul Mundt
Commit 95b570c9cef3b12356454c7112571b7e406b4b51 ("Taint kernel after WARN_ON(condition)") introduced a TAINT_WARN that was implemented for all architectures using the generic warn_on_slowpath(), which excluded any architecture that set HAVE_ARCH_WARN_ON. As all of the architectures that implement their own WARN_ON() all go through the report_bug() path (specifically handling BUG_TRAP_TYPE_WARN), taint the kernel there as well for consistency. Tested on avr32 and sh. Also relevant for s390, parisc, and powerpc. Signed-off-by: Haavard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@atmel.com> Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-16generic bug: use show_regs() instead of dump_stack()Heiko Carstens
The current generic bug implementation has a call to dump_stack() in case a WARN_ON(whatever) gets hit. Since report_bug(), which calls dump_stack(), gets called from an exception handler we can do better: just pass the pt_regs structure to report_bug() and pass it to show_regs() in case of a warning. This will give more debug informations like register contents, etc... In addition this avoids some pointless lines that dump_stack() emits, since it includes a stack backtrace of the exception handler which is of no interest in case of a warning. E.g. on s390 the following lines are currently always present in a stack backtrace if dump_stack() gets called from report_bug(): [<000000000001517a>] show_trace+0x92/0xe8) [<0000000000015270>] show_stack+0xa0/0xd0 [<00000000000152ce>] dump_stack+0x2e/0x3c [<0000000000195450>] report_bug+0x98/0xf8 [<0000000000016cc8>] illegal_op+0x1fc/0x21c [<00000000000227d6>] sysc_return+0x0/0x10 Acked-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Acked-by: Haavard Skinnemoen <hskinnemoen@atmel.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Cc: Kyle McMartin <kyle@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2006-12-08[PATCH] Generic BUG implementationJeremy Fitzhardinge
This patch adds common handling for kernel BUGs, for use by architectures as they wish. The code is derived from arch/powerpc. The advantages of having common BUG handling are: - consistent BUG reporting across architectures - shared implementation of out-of-line file/line data - implement CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE consistently This means that in inline impact of BUG is just the illegal instruction itself, which is an improvement for i386 and x86-64. A BUG is represented in the instruction stream as an illegal instruction, which has file/line information associated with it. This extra information is stored in the __bug_table section in the ELF file. When the kernel gets an illegal instruction, it first confirms it might possibly be from a BUG (ie, in kernel mode, the right illegal instruction). It then calls report_bug(). This searches __bug_table for a matching instruction pointer, and if found, prints the corresponding file/line information. If report_bug() determines that it wasn't a BUG which caused the trap, it returns BUG_TRAP_TYPE_NONE. Some architectures (powerpc) implement WARN using the same mechanism; if the illegal instruction was the result of a WARN, then report_bug(Q) returns CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE; otherwise it returns BUG_TRAP_TYPE_BUG. lib/bug.c keeps a list of loaded modules which can be searched for __bug_table entries. The architecture must call module_bug_finalize()/module_bug_cleanup() from its corresponding module_finalize/cleanup functions. Unsetting CONFIG_DEBUG_BUGVERBOSE will reduce the kernel size by some amount. At the very least, filename and line information will not be recorded for each but, but architectures may decide to store no extra information per BUG at all. Unfortunately, gcc doesn't have a general way to mark an asm() as noreturn, so architectures will generally have to include an infinite loop (or similar) in the BUG code, so that gcc knows execution won't continue beyond that point. gcc does have a __builtin_trap() operator which may be useful to achieve the same effect, unfortunately it cannot be used to actually implement the BUG itself, because there's no way to get the instruction's address for use in generating the __bug_table entry. [randy.dunlap@oracle.com: Handle BUG=n, GENERIC_BUG=n to prevent build errors] [bunk@stusta.de: include/linux/bug.h must always #include <linux/module.h] Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@muc.de> Cc: Hugh Dickens <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Michael Ellerman <michael@ellerman.id.au> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>