path: root/kernel/sched_fair.c
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2011-11-17sched: Move all scheduler bits into kernel/sched/Peter Zijlstra
There's too many sched*.[ch] files in kernel/, give them their own directory. (No code changed, other than Makefile glue added.) Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-11-17sched: Make separate sched*.c translation unitsPeter Zijlstra
Since once needs to do something at conferences and fixing compile warnings doesn't actually require much if any attention I decided to break up the sched.c #include "*.c" fest. This further modularizes the scheduler code. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-x0fcd3mnp8f9c99grcpewmhi@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-11-16sched: Use jump labels to reduce overhead when bandwidth control is inactivePaul Turner
Now that the linkage of jump-labels has been fixed they show a measurable improvement in overhead for the enabled-but-unused case. Workload is: 'taskset -c 0 perf stat --repeat 50 -e instructions,cycles,branches bash -c "for ((i=0;i<5;i++)); do $(dirname $0)/pipe-test 20000; done"' There's a speedup for all situations: instructions cycles branches ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Intel Westmere base 806611770 745895590 146765378 +jumplabel 803090165 (-0.44%) 713381840 (-4.36%) 144561130 AMD Barcelona base 824657415 740055589 148855354 +jumplabel 821056910 (-0.44%) 737558389 (-0.34%) 146635229 Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20111108042736.560831357@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-11-16sched: Fix buglet in return_cfs_rq_runtime()Paul Turner
In return_cfs_rq_runtime() we want to return bandwidth when there are no remaining tasks, not "return" when this is the case. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20111108042736.623812423@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-11-16sched: Avoid SMT siblings in select_idle_sibling() if possiblePeter Zijlstra
Avoid select_idle_sibling() from picking a sibling thread if there's an idle core that shares cache. This fixes SMT balancing in the increasingly common case where there's a shared cache core available to balance to. Tested-by: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1321350377.1421.55.camel@twins Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-11-14sched_fair: Fix a typo in the comment describing update_sd_lb_statsHui Kang
Signed-off-by: Hui Kang <hkang.sunysb@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1318388459-4427-1-git-send-email-hkang.sunysb@gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-11-14sched: Add a comment to effective_load() since it's a painPeter Zijlstra
Every time I have to stare at this function I need to completely reverse engineer its workings, about time I write a comment explaining the thing. Collected bits and pieces from previous changelogs, mostly: 4be9daaa1b33701f011f4117f22dc1e45a3e6e34 83378269a5fad98f562ebc0f09c349575e6cbfe1 Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1318518057.27731.2.camel@twins Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-10-06sched: Wrap scheduler p->cpus_allowed accessPeter Zijlstra
This task is preparatory for the migrate_disable() implementation, but stands on its own and provides a cleanup. It currently only converts those sites required for task-placement. Kosaki-san once mentioned replacing cpus_allowed with a proper cpumask_t instead of the NR_CPUS sized array it currently is, that would also require something like this. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-e42skvaddos99psip0vce41o@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-10-06sched: Request for idle balance during nohz idle load balanceSuresh Siddha
rq's idle_at_tick is set to idle/busy during the timer tick depending on the cpu was idle or not. This will be used later in the load balance that will be done in the softirq context (which is a process context in -RT kernels). For nohz kernels, for the cpu doing nohz idle load balance on behalf of all the idle cpu's, its rq->idle_at_tick might have a stale value (which is recorded when it got the timer tick presumably when it is busy). As the nohz idle load balancing is also being done at the same place as the regular load balancing, nohz idle load balancing was bailing out when it sees rq's idle_at_tick not set. Thus leading to poor system utilization. Rename rq's idle_at_tick to idle_balance and set it when someone requests for nohz idle balance on an idle cpu. Reported-by: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20111003220934.892350549@sbsiddha-desk.sc.intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-10-06sched: Use resched IPI to kick off the nohz idle balanceSuresh Siddha
Current use of smp call function to kick the nohz idle balance can deadlock in this scenario. 1. cpu-A did a generic_exec_single() to cpu-B and after queuing its call single data (csd) to the call single queue, cpu-A took a timer interrupt. Actual IPI to cpu-B to process the call single queue is not yet sent. 2. As part of the timer interrupt handler, cpu-A decided to kick cpu-B for the idle load balancing (sets cpu-B's rq->nohz_balance_kick to 1) and __smp_call_function_single() with nowait will queue the csd to the cpu-B's queue. But the generic_exec_single() won't send an IPI to cpu-B as the call single queue was not empty. 3. cpu-A is busy with lot of interrupts 4. Meanwhile cpu-B is entering and exiting idle and noticed that it has it's rq->nohz_balance_kick set to '1'. So it will go ahead and do the idle load balancer and clear its rq->nohz_balance_kick. 5. At this point, csd queued as part of the step-2 above is still locked and waiting to be serviced on cpu-B. 6. cpu-A is still busy with interrupt load and now it got another timer interrupt and as part of it decided to kick cpu-B for another idle load balancing (as it finds cpu-B's rq->nohz_balance_kick cleared in step-4 above) and does __smp_call_function_single() with the same csd that is still locked. 7. And we get a deadlock waiting for the csd_lock() in the __smp_call_function_single(). Main issue here is that cpu-B can service the idle load balancer kick request from cpu-A even with out receiving the IPI and this lead to doing multiple __smp_call_function_single() on the same csd leading to deadlock. To kick a cpu, scheduler already has the reschedule vector reserved. Use that mechanism (kick_process()) instead of using the generic smp call function mechanism to kick off the nohz idle load balancing and avoid the deadlock. [ This issue is present from 2.6.35+ kernels, but marking it -stable only from v3.0+ as the proposed fix depends on the scheduler_ipi() that is introduced recently. ] Reported-by: Prarit Bhargava <prarit@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Suresh Siddha <suresh.b.siddha@intel.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org # v3.0+ Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20111003220934.834943260@sbsiddha-desk.sc.intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-09-26sched: Remove redundant test in check_preempt_tick()Wang Xingchao
The caller already checks for nr_running > 1, therefore we don't have to do so again. Signed-off-by: Wang Xingchao <xingchao.wang@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1316194552-12019-1-git-send-email-xingchao.wang@intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Return unused runtime on group dequeuePaul Turner
When a local cfs_rq blocks we return the majority of its remaining quota to the global bandwidth pool for use by other runqueues. We do this only when the quota is current and there is more than min_cfs_rq_quota [1ms by default] of runtime remaining on the rq. In the case where there are throttled runqueues and we have sufficient bandwidth to meter out a slice, a second timer is kicked off to handle this delivery, unthrottling where appropriate. Using a 'worst case' antagonist which executes on each cpu for 1ms before moving onto the next on a fairly large machine: no quota generations: 197.47 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 199.46 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 205.46 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 198.46 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 208.39 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage Since we are allowed to use "stale" quota our usage is effectively bounded by the rate of input into the global pool and performance is relatively stable. with quota generations [1s increments]: 119.58 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 119.65 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 119.64 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 119.63 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 119.60 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage The large deficit here is due to quota generations (/intentionally/) preventing us from now using previously stranded slack quota. The cost is that this quota becomes unavailable. with quota generations and quota return: 200.09 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 200.09 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 198.09 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 200.09 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage 200.06 ms /cgroup/a/cpuacct.usage By returning unused quota we're able to both stably consume our desired quota and prevent unintentional overages due to the abuse of slack quota from previous quota periods (especially on a large machine). Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184758.306848658@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Add exports tracking cfs bandwidth control statisticsNikhil Rao
This change introduces statistics exports for the cpu sub-system, these are added through the use of a stat file similar to that exported by other subsystems. The following exports are included: nr_periods: number of periods in which execution occurred nr_throttled: the number of periods above in which execution was throttle throttled_time: cumulative wall-time that any cpus have been throttled for this group Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Nikhil Rao <ncrao@google.com> Signed-off-by: Bharata B Rao <bharata@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184758.198901931@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Throttle entities exceeding their allowed bandwidthPaul Turner
With the machinery in place to throttle and unthrottle entities, as well as handle their participation (or lack there of) we can now enable throttling. There are 2 points that we must check whether it's time to set throttled state: put_prev_entity() and enqueue_entity(). - put_prev_entity() is the typical throttle path, we reach it by exceeding our allocated run-time within update_curr()->account_cfs_rq_runtime() and going through a reschedule. - enqueue_entity() covers the case of a wake-up into an already throttled group. In this case we know the group cannot be on_rq and can throttle immediately. Checks are added at time of put_prev_entity() and enqueue_entity() Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184758.091415417@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Prevent buddy interactions with throttled entitiesPaul Turner
Buddies allow us to select "on-rq" entities without actually selecting them from a cfs_rq's rb_tree. As a result we must ensure that throttled entities are not falsely nominated as buddies. The fact that entities are dequeued within throttle_entity is not sufficient for clearing buddy status as the nomination may occur after throttling. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184757.886850167@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Prevent interactions with throttled entitiesPaul Turner
From the perspective of load-balance and shares distribution, throttled entities should be invisible. However, both of these operations work on 'active' lists and are not inherently aware of what group hierarchies may be present. In some cases this may be side-stepped (e.g. we could sideload via tg_load_down in load balance) while in others (e.g. update_shares()) it is more difficult to compute without incurring some O(n^2) costs. Instead, track hierarchicaal throttled state at time of transition. This allows us to easily identify whether an entity belongs to a throttled hierarchy and avoid incorrect interactions with it. Also, when an entity leaves a throttled hierarchy we need to advance its time averaging for shares averaging so that the elapsed throttled time is not considered as part of the cfs_rq's operation. We also use this information to prevent buddy interactions in the wakeup and yield_to() paths. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184757.777916795@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Add support for unthrottling group entitiesPaul Turner
At the start of each period we refresh the global bandwidth pool. At this time we must also unthrottle any cfs_rq entities who are now within bandwidth once more (as quota permits). Unthrottled entities have their corresponding cfs_rq->throttled flag cleared and their entities re-enqueued. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184757.574628950@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Add support for throttling group entitiesPaul Turner
Now that consumption is tracked (via update_curr()) we add support to throttle group entities (and their corresponding cfs_rqs) in the case where this is no run-time remaining. Throttled entities are dequeued to prevent scheduling, additionally we mark them as throttled (using cfs_rq->throttled) to prevent them from becoming re-enqueued until they are unthrottled. A list of a task_group's throttled entities are maintained on the cfs_bandwidth structure. Note: While the machinery for throttling is added in this patch the act of throttling an entity exceeding its bandwidth is deferred until later within the series. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184757.480608533@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Expire invalid runtimePaul Turner
Since quota is managed using a global state but consumed on a per-cpu basis we need to ensure that our per-cpu state is appropriately synchronized. Most importantly, runtime that is state (from a previous period) should not be locally consumable. We take advantage of existing sched_clock synchronization about the jiffy to efficiently detect whether we have (globally) crossed a quota boundary above. One catch is that the direction of spread on sched_clock is undefined, specifically, we don't know whether our local clock is behind or ahead of the one responsible for the current expiration time. Fortunately we can differentiate these by considering whether the global deadline has advanced. If it has not, then we assume our clock to be "fast" and advance our local expiration; otherwise, we know the deadline has truly passed and we expire our local runtime. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184757.379275352@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Add a timer to handle CFS bandwidth refreshPaul Turner
This patch adds a per-task_group timer which handles the refresh of the global CFS bandwidth pool. Since the RT pool is using a similar timer there's some small refactoring to share this support. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184757.277271273@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Accumulate per-cfs_rq cpu usage and charge against bandwidthPaul Turner
Account bandwidth usage on the cfs_rq level versus the task_groups to which they belong. Whether we are tracking bandwidth on a given cfs_rq is maintained under cfs_rq->runtime_enabled. cfs_rq's which belong to a bandwidth constrained task_group have their runtime accounted via the update_curr() path, which withdraws bandwidth from the global pool as desired. Updates involving the global pool are currently protected under cfs_bandwidth->lock, local runtime is protected by rq->lock. This patch only assigns and tracks quota, no action is taken in the case that cfs_rq->runtime_used exceeds cfs_rq->runtime_assigned. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Nikhil Rao <ncrao@google.com> Signed-off-by: Bharata B Rao <bharata@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184757.179386821@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Introduce primitives to account for CFS bandwidth trackingPaul Turner
In this patch we introduce the notion of CFS bandwidth, partitioned into globally unassigned bandwidth, and locally claimed bandwidth. - The global bandwidth is per task_group, it represents a pool of unclaimed bandwidth that cfs_rqs can allocate from. - The local bandwidth is tracked per-cfs_rq, this represents allotments from the global pool bandwidth assigned to a specific cpu. Bandwidth is managed via cgroupfs, adding two new interfaces to the cpu subsystem: - cpu.cfs_period_us : the bandwidth period in usecs - cpu.cfs_quota_us : the cpu bandwidth (in usecs) that this tg will be allowed to consume over period above. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Nikhil Rao <ncrao@google.com> Signed-off-by: Bharata B Rao <bharata@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184756.972636699@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Implement hierarchical task accounting for SCHED_OTHERPaul Turner
Introduce hierarchical task accounting for the group scheduling case in CFS, as well as promoting the responsibility for maintaining rq->nr_running to the scheduling classes. The primary motivation for this is that with scheduling classes supporting bandwidth throttling it is possible for entities participating in throttled sub-trees to not have root visible changes in rq->nr_running across activate and de-activate operations. This in turn leads to incorrect idle and weight-per-task load balance decisions. This also allows us to make a small fixlet to the fastpath in pick_next_task() under group scheduling. Note: this issue also exists with the existing sched_rt throttling mechanism. This patch does not address that. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Reviewed-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110721184756.878333391@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Remove noop in lowest_flag_domain()Hillf Danton
Checking for the validity of sd is removed, since it is already checked by the for_each_domain macro. Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/BANLkTimT+Tut-3TshCDm-NiLLXrOznibNA@mail.gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-08-14sched: Kill WAKEUP_PREEMPTYong Zhang
Remove the WAKEUP_PREEMPT feature, disabling it doesn't make any sense and its outlived its use by a long long while. Signed-off-by: Yong Zhang <yong.zhang0@gmail.com> Acked-by: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110729082033.GB12106@zhy Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-22sched: Cleanup duplicate local variable in [enqueue|dequeue]_task_fairLin Ming
No need to define a new "cfs_rq" variable in the "for" block. Just use the one at the top of the function. Signed-off-by: Lin Ming <ming.m.lin@intel.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1311297271.3938.1352.camel@minggr.sh.intel.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-21sched: Replace use of entity_key()Stephan Baerwolf
"entity_key()" is only used in "__enqueue_entity()" and its only function is to subtract a tasks vruntime by its groups minvruntime. Before this patch a rbtree enqueue-decision is done by comparing two tasks in the style: "if (entity_key(cfs_rq, se) < entity_key(cfs_rq, entry))" which would be "if (se->vruntime-cfs_rq->min_vruntime < entry->vruntime-cfs_rq->min_vruntime)" or (if reducing cfs_rq->min_vruntime out) "if (se->vruntime < entry->vruntime)" which is "if (entity_before(se, entry))" So we do not need "entity_key()". If "entity_before()" is inline we will also save one subtraction (only one, because "entity_key(cfs_rq, se)" was cached in "key") Signed-off-by: Stephan Baerwolf <stephan.baerwolf@tu-ilmenau.de> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-ns12mnd2h5w8rb9agd8hnsfk@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-21sched: Remove unused function cpu_cfs_rq()Jan Schoenherr
The last reference to cpu_cfs_rq() was removed with commit 88ec22d3 ("sched: Remove the cfs_rq dependency from set_task_cpu()"). Thus, remove this function, too. Signed-off-by: Jan Schoenherr <schnhrr@cs.tu-berlin.de> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1310580816-10861-3-git-send-email-schnhrr@cs.tu-berlin.de Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-21sched, cgroup: Optimize load_balance_fair()Peter Zijlstra
Use for_each_leaf_cfs_rq() instead of list_for_each_entry_rcu(), this achieves that load_balance_fair() only iterates those task_groups that actually have tasks on busiest, and that we iterate bottom-up, trying to move light groups before the heavier ones. No idea if it will actually work out to be beneficial in practice, does anybody have a cgroup workload that might show a difference one way or the other? [ Also move update_h_load to sched_fair.c, loosing #ifdef-ery ] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Reviewed-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1310557009.2586.28.camel@twins Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-21sched: Don't update shares twice on on_rq parentPaul Turner
In dequeue_task_fair() we bail on dequeue when we encounter a parenting entity with additional weight. However, we perform a double shares update on this entity as we continue the shares update traversal from this point, despite dequeue_entity() having already updated its queuing cfs_rq. Avoid this by starting from the parent when we resume. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110707053059.797714697@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-21sched: update correct entity's runtime in check_preempt_wakeup()Paul Turner
While looking at check_preempt_wakeup() I realized that we are potentially updating the wrong entity in the fair-group scheduling case. In this case the current task's cfs_rq may not be the same as the one used for the comparison between the waking task and the existing task's vruntime. This potentially results in us using a stale vruntime in the pre-emption decision, providing a small false preference for the previous task. The effects of this are bounded since we always perform a hierarchal update on the tick. Signed-off-by: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CAPM31R+2Ke2urUZKao5W92_LupdR4AYEv-EZWiJ3tG=tEes2cw@mail.gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-21Merge branch 'linus' into sched/coreIngo Molnar
Merge reason: pick up the latest scheduler fixes. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-20sched: Break out cpu_power from the sched_group structurePeter Zijlstra
In order to prepare for non-unique sched_groups per domain, we need to carry the cpu_power elsewhere, so put a level of indirection in. Reported-and-tested-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/n/tip-qkho2byuhe4482fuknss40ad@git.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-07-01sched: Remove rcu_read_lock() from wake_affine()Nikunj A. Dadhania
wake_affine() is only called from one path: select_task_rq_fair(), which already has the RCU read lock held. Signed-off-by: Nikunj A. Dadhania <nikunj@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110607101251.777.34547.stgit@IBM-009124035060.in.ibm.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-05-28sched: Fix ->min_vruntime calculation in dequeue_entity()Peter Zijlstra
Dima Zavin <dima@android.com> reported: "After pulling the thread off the run-queue during a cgroup change, the cfs_rq.min_vruntime gets recalculated. The dequeued thread's vruntime then gets normalized to this new value. This can then lead to the thread getting an unfair boost in the new group if the vruntime of the next task in the old run-queue was way further ahead." Reported-by: Dima Zavin <dima@android.com> Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Recalls-having-tested-once-upon-a-time-by: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1305674470-23727-1-git-send-email-john.stultz@linaro.org Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-05-20sched: Introduce SCHED_POWER_SCALE to scale cpu_power calculationsNikhil Rao
SCHED_LOAD_SCALE is used to increase nice resolution and to scale cpu_power calculations in the scheduler. This patch introduces SCHED_POWER_SCALE and converts all uses of SCHED_LOAD_SCALE for scaling cpu_power to use SCHED_POWER_SCALE instead. This is a preparatory patch for increasing the resolution of SCHED_LOAD_SCALE, and there is no need to increase resolution for cpu_power calculations. Signed-off-by: Nikhil Rao <ncrao@google.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Nikunj A. Dadhania <nikunj@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Stephan Barwolf <stephan.baerwolf@tu-ilmenau.de> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1305738580-9924-3-git-send-email-ncrao@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-05-04sched: Remove unused 'this_best_prio arg' from balance_tasks()Vladimir Davydov
It's passed across multiple functions but is never really used, so remove it. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1304447467-29200-1-git-send-email-vdavydov@parallels.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-19sched: Next buddy hint on sleep and preempt pathVenkatesh Pallipadi
When a task in a taskgroup sleeps, pick_next_task starts all the way back at the root and picks the task/taskgroup with the min vruntime across all runnable tasks. But when there are many frequently sleeping tasks across different taskgroups, it makes better sense to stay with same taskgroup for its slice period (or until all tasks in the taskgroup sleeps) instead of switching cross taskgroup on each sleep after a short runtime. This helps specifically where taskgroups corresponds to a process with multiple threads. The change reduces the number of CR3 switches in this case. Example: Two taskgroups with 2 threads each which are running for 2ms and sleeping for 1ms. Looking at sched:sched_switch shows: BEFORE: taskgroup_1 threads [5004, 5005], taskgroup_2 threads [5016, 5017] cpu-soaker-5004 [003] 3683.391089 cpu-soaker-5016 [003] 3683.393106 cpu-soaker-5005 [003] 3683.395119 cpu-soaker-5017 [003] 3683.397130 cpu-soaker-5004 [003] 3683.399143 cpu-soaker-5016 [003] 3683.401155 cpu-soaker-5005 [003] 3683.403168 cpu-soaker-5017 [003] 3683.405170 AFTER: taskgroup_1 threads [21890, 21891], taskgroup_2 threads [21934, 21935] cpu-soaker-21890 [003] 865.895494 cpu-soaker-21935 [003] 865.897506 cpu-soaker-21934 [003] 865.899520 cpu-soaker-21935 [003] 865.901532 cpu-soaker-21934 [003] 865.903543 cpu-soaker-21935 [003] 865.905546 cpu-soaker-21891 [003] 865.907548 cpu-soaker-21890 [003] 865.909560 cpu-soaker-21891 [003] 865.911571 cpu-soaker-21890 [003] 865.913582 cpu-soaker-21891 [003] 865.915594 cpu-soaker-21934 [003] 865.917606 Similar problem is there when there are multiple taskgroups and say a task A preempts currently running task B of taskgroup_1. On schedule, pick_next_task can pick an unrelated task on taskgroup_2. Here it would be better to give some preference to task B on pick_next_task. A simple (may be extreme case) benchmark I tried was tbench with 2 tbench client processes with 2 threads each running on a single CPU. Avg throughput across 5 50 sec runs was: BEFORE: 105.84 MB/sec AFTER: 112.42 MB/sec Signed-off-by: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venki@google.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1302802253-25760-1-git-send-email-venki@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-19sched: Make set_*_buddy() work on non-task entitiesVenkatesh Pallipadi
Make set_*_buddy() work on non-task sched_entity, to facilitate the use of next_buddy to cache a group entity in cases where one of the tasks within that entity sleeps or gets preempted. set_skip_buddy() was incorrectly comparing the policy of task that is yielding to be not equal to SCHED_IDLE. Yielding should happen even when task yielding is SCHED_IDLE. This change removes the policy check on the yielding task. Signed-off-by: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venki@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1302744070-30079-2-git-send-email-venki@google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-18Merge branch 'sched/locking' into sched/coreIngo Molnar
Merge reason: the rq locking changes are stable, propagate them into the .40 queue. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-14sched: Deal with non-atomic min_vruntime reads on 32bitsPeter Zijlstra
In order to avoid reading partial updated min_vruntime values on 32bit implement a seqcount like solution. Reviewed-by: Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@am.sony.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110405152729.111378493@chello.nl Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-14sched: Remove rq argument to sched_class::task_waking()Peter Zijlstra
In preparation of calling this without rq->lock held, remove the dependency on the rq argument. Reviewed-by: Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@am.sony.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110405152729.071474242@chello.nl Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-14sched: Drop the rq argument to sched_class::select_task_rq()Peter Zijlstra
In preparation of calling select_task_rq() without rq->lock held, drop the dependency on the rq argument. Reviewed-by: Frank Rowand <frank.rowand@am.sony.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110405152729.031077745@chello.nl Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-11sched: Avoid using sd->levelPeter Zijlstra
Don't use sd->level for identifying properties of the domain. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110407122942.350174079@chello.nl Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-11sched: Dynamically allocate sched_domain/sched_group data-structuresPeter Zijlstra
Instead of relying on static allocations for the sched_domain and sched_group trees, dynamically allocate and RCU free them. Allocating this dynamically also allows for some build_sched_groups() simplification since we can now (like with other simplifications) rely on the sched_domain tree instead of hard-coded knowledge. One tricky to note is that detach_destroy_domains() needs to hold rcu_read_lock() over the entire tear-down, per-cpu is not sufficient since that can lead to partial sched_group existance (could possibly be solved by doing the tear-down backwards but this is much more robust). A concequence of the above is that we can no longer print the sched_domain debug stuff from cpu_attach_domain() since that might now run with preemption disabled (due to classic RCU etc.) and sched_domain_debug() does some GFP_KERNEL allocations. Another thing to note is that we now fully rely on normal RCU and not RCU-sched, this is because with the new and exiting RCU flavours we grew over the years BH doesn't necessarily hold off RCU-sched grace periods (-rt is known to break this). This would in fact already cause us grief since we do sched_domain/sched_group iterations from softirq context. This patch is somewhat larger than I would like it to be, but I didn't find any means of shrinking/splitting this. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110407122942.245307941@chello.nl Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-11sched: Eliminate dead code from wakeup_gran()Shaohua Li
calc_delta_fair() checks NICE_0_LOAD already, delete duplicate check. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li<shaohua.li@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1302238389.3981.92.camel@sli10-conroe Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-11sched: Fix erroneous all_pinned logicKen Chen
The scheduler load balancer has specific code to deal with cases of unbalanced system due to lots of unmovable tasks (for example because of hard CPU affinity). In those situation, it excludes the busiest CPU that has pinned tasks for load balance consideration such that it can perform second 2nd load balance pass on the rest of the system. This all works as designed if there is only one cgroup in the system. However, when we have multiple cgroups, this logic has false positives and triggers multiple load balance passes despite there are actually no pinned tasks at all. The reason it has false positives is that the all pinned logic is deep in the lowest function of can_migrate_task() and is too low level: load_balance_fair() iterates each task group and calls balance_tasks() to migrate target load. Along the way, balance_tasks() will also set a all_pinned variable. Given that task-groups are iterated, this all_pinned variable is essentially the status of last group in the scanning process. Task group can have number of reasons that no load being migrated, none due to cpu affinity. However, this status bit is being propagated back up to the higher level load_balance(), which incorrectly think that no tasks were moved. It kick off the all pinned logic and start multiple passes attempt to move load onto puller CPU. To fix this, move the all_pinned aggregation up at the iterator level. This ensures that the status is aggregated over all task-groups, not just last one in the list. Signed-off-by: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/BANLkTi=ernzNawaR5tJZEsV_QVnfxqXmsQ@mail.gmail.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-11sched: Fix sched-domain avg_load calculationKen Chen
In function find_busiest_group(), the sched-domain avg_load isn't calculated at all if there is a group imbalance within the domain. This will cause erroneous imbalance calculation. The reason is that calculate_imbalance() sees sds->avg_load = 0 and it will dump entire sds->max_load into imbalance variable, which is used later on to migrate entire load from busiest CPU to the puller CPU. This has two really bad effect: 1. stampede of task migration, and they won't be able to break out of the bad state because of positive feedback loop: large load delta -> heavier load migration -> larger imbalance and the cycle goes on. 2. severe imbalance in CPU queue depth. This causes really long scheduling latency blip which affects badly on application that has tight latency requirement. The fix is to have kernel calculate domain avg_load in both cases. This will ensure that imbalance calculation is always sensible and the target is usually half way between busiest and puller CPU. Signed-off-by: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110408002322.3A0D812217F@elm.corp.google.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2011-04-07Merge branches 'x86-fixes-for-linus', 'sched-fixes-for-linus', ↵Linus Torvalds
'timers-fixes-for-linus', 'irq-fixes-for-linus' and 'perf-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'x86-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: x86-32, fpu: Fix FPU exception handling on non-SSE systems x86, hibernate: Initialize mmu_cr4_features during boot x86-32, NUMA: Fix ACPI NUMA init broken by recent x86-64 change x86: visws: Fixup irq overhaul fallout * 'sched-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: sched: Clean up rebalance_domains() load-balance interval calculation * 'timers-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: x86/mrst/vrtc: Fix boot crash in mrst_rtc_init() rtc, x86/mrst/vrtc: Fix boot crash in rtc_read_alarm() * 'irq-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: genirq: Fix cpumask leak in __setup_irq() * 'perf-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: perf probe: Fix listing incorrect line number with inline function perf probe: Fix to find recursively inlined function perf probe: Fix multiple --vars options behavior perf probe: Fix to remove redundant close perf probe: Fix to ensure function declared file
2011-04-07Merge branch 'for-linus2' of git://git.profusion.mobi/users/lucas/linux-2.6Linus Torvalds
* 'for-linus2' of git://git.profusion.mobi/users/lucas/linux-2.6: Fix common misspellings