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2015-02-19Merge branch 'kconfig' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild Pull kconfig updates from Michal Marek: "Yann E Morin was supposed to take over kconfig maintainership, but this hasn't happened. So I'm sending a few kconfig patches that I collected: - Fix for missing va_end in kconfig - merge_config.sh displays used if given too few arguments - s/boolean/bool/ in Kconfig files for consistency, with the plan to only support bool in the future" * 'kconfig' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild: kconfig: use va_end to match corresponding va_start merge_config.sh: Display usage if given too few arguments kconfig: use bool instead of boolean for type definition attributes
2015-02-19Merge branch 'misc' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild Pull misc kbuild changes from Michal Marek: "Just a few non-critical kbuild changes: - builddeb adds the actual distribution name in the changelog - documentation fixes" * 'misc' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mmarek/kbuild: kbuild: trivial - fix the help doc of CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE kbuild: Update documentation of clean-files and clean-dirs builddeb: Try to determine distribution builddeb: Update year and git repository URL in debian/copyright
2015-02-13init: remove CONFIG_INIT_FALLBACKAndy Lutomirski
CONFIG_INIT_FALLBACK adds config bloat without an obvious use case that makes it worth keeping around. Delete it. Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Chuck Ebbert <cebbert.lkml@gmail.com> Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net> Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah.kh@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-01-15Merge branches 'doc.2015.01.07a', 'fixes.2015.01.15a', ↵Paul E. McKenney
'preempt.2015.01.06a', 'srcu.2015.01.06a', 'stall.2015.01.16a' and 'torture.2015.01.11a' into HEAD doc.2015.01.07a: Documentation updates. fixes.2015.01.15a: Miscellaneous fixes. preempt.2015.01.06a: Changes to handling of lists of preempted tasks. srcu.2015.01.06a: SRCU updates. stall.2015.01.16a: RCU CPU stall-warning updates and fixes. torture.2015.01.11a: RCU torture-test updates and fixes.
2015-01-15rcu: Optionally run grace-period kthreads at real-time priorityPaul E. McKenney
Recent testing has shown that under heavy load, running RCU's grace-period kthreads at real-time priority can improve performance (according to 0day test robot) and reduce the incidence of RCU CPU stall warnings. However, most systems do just fine with the default non-realtime priorities for these kthreads, and it does not make sense to expose the entire user base to any risk stemming from this change, given that this change is of use only to a few users running extremely heavy workloads. Therefore, this commit allows users to specify realtime priorities for the grace-period kthreads, but leaves them running SCHED_OTHER by default. The realtime priority may be specified at build time via the RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO Kconfig parameter, or at boot time via the rcutree.kthread_prio parameter. Either way, 0 says to continue the default SCHED_OTHER behavior and values from 1-99 specify that priority of SCHED_FIFO behavior. Note that a value of 0 is not permitted when the RCU_BOOST Kconfig parameter is specified. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2015-01-08kbuild: trivial - fix the help doc of CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZEMasahiro Yamada
Other than GCC, we have another choice, Clang for building the kernel these days. It seems better to say "compiler" rather than "gcc". Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.m@jp.panasonic.com> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
2015-01-07kconfig: use bool instead of boolean for type definition attributesChristoph Jaeger
Support for keyword 'boolean' will be dropped later on. No functional change. Reference: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/cover.1418003065.git.cj@linux.com Signed-off-by: Christoph Jaeger <cj@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz>
2015-01-06rcu: Make SRCU optional by using CONFIG_SRCUPranith Kumar
SRCU is not necessary to be compiled by default in all cases. For tinification efforts not compiling SRCU unless necessary is desirable. The current patch tries to make compiling SRCU optional by introducing a new Kconfig option CONFIG_SRCU which is selected when any of the components making use of SRCU are selected. If we do not select CONFIG_SRCU, srcu.o will not be compiled at all. text data bss dec hex filename 2007 0 0 2007 7d7 kernel/rcu/srcu.o Size of arch/powerpc/boot/zImage changes from text data bss dec hex filename 831552 64180 23944 919676 e087c arch/powerpc/boot/zImage : before 829504 64180 23952 917636 e0084 arch/powerpc/boot/zImage : after so the savings are about ~2000 bytes. Signed-off-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com> CC: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> CC: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> CC: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> [ paulmck: resolve conflict due to removal of arch/ia64/kvm/Kconfig. ]
2015-01-06rcu: Remove "select IRQ_WORK" from config TREE_RCULai Jiangshan
The 48a7639ce80c ("rcu: Make callers awaken grace-period kthread") removed the irq_work_queue(), so the TREE_RCU doesn't need irq work any more. This commit therefore updates RCU's Kconfig and Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-12-10init: allow CONFIG_INIT_FALLBACK=n to disable defaults if init= failsAndy Lutomirski
If a user puts init=/whatever on the command line and /whatever can't be run, then the kernel will try a few default options before giving up. If init=/whatever came from a bootloader prompt, then this is unexpected but probably harmless. On the other hand, if it comes from a script (e.g. a tool like virtme or perhaps a future kselftest script), then the fallbacks are likely to exist, but they'll do the wrong thing. For example, they might unexpectedly invoke systemd. This adds a config option CONFIG_INIT_FALLBACK. If unset, then a failure to run the specified init= process be fatal. The tentative plan is to remove CONFIG_INIT_FALLBACK for 3.20. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Rob Landley <rob@landley.net> Cc: Chuck Ebbert <cebbert.lkml@gmail.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah.kh@samsung.com> Cc: Frank Rowand <frowand.list@gmail.com> Cc: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-10mm: move page->mem_cgroup bad page handling into generic codeJohannes Weiner
Now that the external page_cgroup data structure and its lookup is gone, let the generic bad_page() check for page->mem_cgroup sanity. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-10mm/numa balancing: rearrange Kconfig entryAneesh Kumar K.V
Add the default enable config option after the NUMA_BALANCING option so that it appears related in the nconfig interface. Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-10kernel: res_counter: remove the unused APIJohannes Weiner
All memory accounting and limiting has been switched over to the lockless page counters. Bye, res_counter! [akpm@linux-foundation.org: update Documentation/cgroups/memory.txt] [mhocko@suse.cz: ditch the last remainings of res_counter] Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-10mm: hugetlb_cgroup: convert to lockless page countersJohannes Weiner
Abandon the spinlock-protected byte counters in favor of the unlocked page counters in the hugetlb controller as well. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reviewed-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-10mm: memcontrol: lockless page countersJohannes Weiner
Memory is internally accounted in bytes, using spinlock-protected 64-bit counters, even though the smallest accounting delta is a page. The counter interface is also convoluted and does too many things. Introduce a new lockless word-sized page counter API, then change all memory accounting over to it. The translation from and to bytes then only happens when interfacing with userspace. The removed locking overhead is noticable when scaling beyond the per-cpu charge caches - on a 4-socket machine with 144-threads, the following test shows the performance differences of 288 memcgs concurrently running a page fault benchmark: vanilla: 18631648.500498 task-clock (msec) # 140.643 CPUs utilized ( +- 0.33% ) 1,380,638 context-switches # 0.074 K/sec ( +- 0.75% ) 24,390 cpu-migrations # 0.001 K/sec ( +- 8.44% ) 1,843,305,768 page-faults # 0.099 M/sec ( +- 0.00% ) 50,134,994,088,218 cycles # 2.691 GHz ( +- 0.33% ) <not supported> stalled-cycles-frontend <not supported> stalled-cycles-backend 8,049,712,224,651 instructions # 0.16 insns per cycle ( +- 0.04% ) 1,586,970,584,979 branches # 85.176 M/sec ( +- 0.05% ) 1,724,989,949 branch-misses # 0.11% of all branches ( +- 0.48% ) 132.474343877 seconds time elapsed ( +- 0.21% ) lockless: 12195979.037525 task-clock (msec) # 133.480 CPUs utilized ( +- 0.18% ) 832,850 context-switches # 0.068 K/sec ( +- 0.54% ) 15,624 cpu-migrations # 0.001 K/sec ( +- 10.17% ) 1,843,304,774 page-faults # 0.151 M/sec ( +- 0.00% ) 32,811,216,801,141 cycles # 2.690 GHz ( +- 0.18% ) <not supported> stalled-cycles-frontend <not supported> stalled-cycles-backend 9,999,265,091,727 instructions # 0.30 insns per cycle ( +- 0.10% ) 2,076,759,325,203 branches # 170.282 M/sec ( +- 0.12% ) 1,656,917,214 branch-misses # 0.08% of all branches ( +- 0.55% ) 91.369330729 seconds time elapsed ( +- 0.45% ) On top of improved scalability, this also gets rid of the icky long long types in the very heart of memcg, which is great for 32 bit and also makes the code a lot more readable. Notable differences between the old and new API: - res_counter_charge() and res_counter_charge_nofail() become page_counter_try_charge() and page_counter_charge() resp. to match the more common kernel naming scheme of try_do()/do() - res_counter_uncharge_until() is only ever used to cancel a local counter and never to uncharge bigger segments of a hierarchy, so it's replaced by the simpler page_counter_cancel() - res_counter_set_limit() is replaced by page_counter_limit(), which expects its callers to serialize against themselves - res_counter_memparse_write_strategy() is replaced by page_counter_limit(), which rounds down to the nearest page size - rather than up. This is more reasonable for explicitely requested hard upper limits. - to keep charging light-weight, page_counter_try_charge() charges speculatively, only to roll back if the result exceeds the limit. Because of this, a failing bigger charge can temporarily lock out smaller charges that would otherwise succeed. The error is bounded to the difference between the smallest and the biggest possible charge size, so for memcg, this means that a failing THP charge can send base page charges into reclaim upto 2MB (4MB) before the limit would have been reached. This should be acceptable. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add includes for WARN_ON_ONCE and memparse] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add includes for WARN_ON_ONCE, memparse, strncmp, and PAGE_SIZE] Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-11-20Merge branch 'rcu/next' of ↵Ingo Molnar
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulmck/linux-rcu into core/rcu Pull RCU updates from Paul E. McKenney: - Streamline RCU's use of per-CPU variables, shifting from "cpu" arguments to functions to "this_"-style per-CPU variable accessors. - Signal-handling RCU updates. - Real-time updates. - Torture-test updates. - Miscellaneous fixes. - Documentation updates. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2014-10-29rcu: Remove redundant TREE_PREEMPT_RCU config optionPranith Kumar
PREEMPT_RCU and TREE_PREEMPT_RCU serve the same function after TINY_PREEMPT_RCU has been removed. This patch removes TREE_PREEMPT_RCU and uses PREEMPT_RCU config option in its place. Signed-off-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-10-29rcu: Unify boost and kthread prioritiesClark Williams
Rename CONFIG_RCU_BOOST_PRIO to CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO and use this value for both the per-CPU kthreads (rcuc/N) and the rcu boosting threads (rcub/n). Also, create the module_parameter rcutree.kthread_prio to be used on the kernel command line at boot to set a new value (rcutree.kthread_prio=N). Signed-off-by: Clark Williams <clark.williams@gmail.com> [ paulmck: Ported to rcu/dev, applied Paul Bolle and Peter Zijlstra feedback. ] Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-10-28init/Kconfig: move RCU_NOCB_CPU dependencies to choiceStefan Hengelein
Every choice item of the "Build-forced no-CBs CPUs" choice had a dependency to RCU_NOCB_CPU. It's more comprehensible if the choice itself has the dependency instead of every choice item. The choice itself doesn't need to be visible if there are no items selectable (i.e. on arch/frv) or RCU_NOCB_CPU is not defined. Signed-off-by: Stefan Hengelein <stefan.hengelein@fau.de> Signed-off-by: Andreas Ruprecht <rupran@einserver.de> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-10-27bpf: split eBPF out of NETAlexei Starovoitov
introduce two configs: - hidden CONFIG_BPF to select eBPF interpreter that classic socket filters depend on - visible CONFIG_BPF_SYSCALL (default off) that tracing and sockets can use that solves several problems: - tracing and others that wish to use eBPF don't need to depend on NET. They can use BPF_SYSCALL to allow loading from userspace or select BPF to use it directly from kernel in NET-less configs. - in 3.18 programs cannot be attached to events yet, so don't force it on - when the rest of eBPF infra is there in 3.19+, it's still useful to switch it off to minimize kernel size bloat-o-meter on x64 shows: add/remove: 0/60 grow/shrink: 0/2 up/down: 0/-15601 (-15601) tested with many different config combinations. Hopefully didn't miss anything. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <dborkman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2014-10-14printk: don't bother using LOG_CPU_MAX_BUF_SHIFT on !SMPGeert Uytterhoeven
When configuring a uniprocessor kernel, don't bother the user with an irrelevant LOG_CPU_MAX_BUF_SHIFT question, and don't build the unused code. Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Acked-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-13Merge branch 'core-rcu-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull RCU updates from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes in this cycle were: - changes related to No-CBs CPUs and NO_HZ_FULL - RCU-tasks implementation - torture-test updates - miscellaneous fixes - locktorture updates - RCU documentation updates" * 'core-rcu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (81 commits) workqueue: Use cond_resched_rcu_qs macro workqueue: Add quiescent state between work items locktorture: Cleanup header usage locktorture: Cannot hold read and write lock locktorture: Fix __acquire annotation for spinlock irq locktorture: Support rwlocks rcu: Eliminate deadlock between CPU hotplug and expedited grace periods locktorture: Document boot/module parameters rcutorture: Rename rcutorture_runnable parameter locktorture: Add test scenario for rwsem_lock locktorture: Add test scenario for mutex_lock locktorture: Make torture scripting account for new _runnable name locktorture: Introduce torture context locktorture: Support rwsems locktorture: Add infrastructure for torturing read locks torture: Address race in module cleanup locktorture: Make statistics generic locktorture: Teach about lock debugging locktorture: Support mutexes locktorture: Add documentation ...
2014-10-09mm: remove misleading ARCH_USES_NUMA_PROT_NONEMel Gorman
ARCH_USES_NUMA_PROT_NONE was defined for architectures that implemented _PAGE_NUMA using _PROT_NONE. This saved using an additional PTE bit and relied on the fact that PROT_NONE vmas were skipped by the NUMA hinting fault scanner. This was found to be conceptually confusing with a lot of implicit assumptions and it was asked that an alternative be found. Commit c46a7c81 "x86: define _PAGE_NUMA by reusing software bits on the PMD and PTE levels" redefined _PAGE_NUMA on x86 to be one of the swap PTE bits and shrunk the maximum possible swap size but it did not go far enough. There are no architectures that reuse _PROT_NONE as _PROT_NUMA but the relics still exist. This patch removes ARCH_USES_NUMA_PROT_NONE and removes some unnecessary duplication in powerpc vs the generic implementation by defining the types the core NUMA helpers expected to exist from x86 with their ppc64 equivalent. This necessitated that a PTE bit mask be created that identified the bits that distinguish present from NUMA pte entries but it is expected this will only differ between arches based on _PAGE_PROTNONE. The naming for the generic helpers was taken from x86 originally but ppc64 has types that are equivalent for the purposes of the helper so they are mapped instead of duplicating code. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Cyrill Gorcunov <gorcunov@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-07Merge tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux Pull module update from Rusty Russell: "Nothing major: support for compressing modules, and auto-tainting params. PS. My virtio-next tree is empty: DaveM took the patches I had. There might be a virtio-rng starvation fix, but so far it's a bit voodoo so I will get to that in the next two days or it will wait" * tag 'modules-next-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rusty/linux: moduleparam: Resolve missing-field-initializer warning kbuild: handle module compression while running 'make modules_install'. modinst: wrap long lines in order to enhance cmd_modules_install modsign: lookup lines ending in .ko in .mod files modpost: simplify file name generation of *.mod.c files modpost: reduce visibility of symbols and constify r/o arrays param: check for tainting before calling set op. drm/i915: taint the kernel if unsafe module parameters are set module: add module_param_unsafe and module_param_named_unsafe module: make it possible to have unsafe, tainting module params module: rename KERNEL_PARAM_FL_NOARG to avoid confusion
2014-10-07Merge tag 'tiny/for-3.18' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/josh/linux Pull "tinification" patches from Josh Triplett. Work on making smaller kernels. * tag 'tiny/for-3.18' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/josh/linux: bloat-o-meter: Ignore syscall aliases SyS_ and compat_SyS_ mm: Support compiling out madvise and fadvise x86: Support compiling out human-friendly processor feature names x86: Drop support for /proc files when !CONFIG_PROC_FS x86, boot: Don't compile early_serial_console.c when !CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK x86, boot: Don't compile aslr.c when !CONFIG_RANDOMIZE_BASE x86, boot: Use the usual -y -n mechanism for objects in vmlinux x86: Add "make tinyconfig" to configure the tiniest possible kernel x86, platform, kconfig: move kvmconfig functionality to a helper
2014-10-03init/Kconfig: Fix HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG to not break up the EXPERT menuJosh Triplett
commit 03b8c7b623c80af264c4c8d6111e5c6289933666 ("futex: Allow architectures to skip futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic() test") added the HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG symbol right below FUTEX. This placed it right in the middle of the options for the EXPERT menu. However, HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG does not depend on EXPERT or FUTEX, so Kconfig stops placing items in the EXPERT menu, and displays the remaining several EXPERT items (starting with EPOLL) directly in the General Setup menu. Since both users of HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG only select it "if FUTEX", make HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG itself depend on FUTEX. With this change, the subsequent items display as part of the EXPERT menu again; the EMBEDDED menu now appears as the next top-level item in the General Setup menu, which makes General Setup much shorter and more usable. Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>
2014-10-03init/Kconfig: Hide printk log config if CONFIG_PRINTK=nJosh Triplett
The buffers sized by CONFIG_LOG_BUF_SHIFT and CONFIG_LOG_CPU_MAX_BUF_SHIFT do not exist if CONFIG_PRINTK=n, so don't ask about their size at all. Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>
2014-09-16Merge branch 'rcu-tasks.2014.09.10a' into HEADPaul E. McKenney
rcu-tasks.2014.09.10a: Add RCU-tasks flavor of RCU.
2014-09-16rcu: Fix attempt to avoid unsolicited offloading of callbacksPaul E. McKenney
Commit b58cc46c5f6b (rcu: Don't offload callbacks unless specifically requested) failed to adjust the callback lists of the CPUs that are known to be no-CBs CPUs only because they are also nohz_full= CPUs. This failure can result in callbacks that are posted during early boot getting stranded on nxtlist for CPUs whose no-CBs property becomes apparent late, and there can also be spurious warnings about offline CPUs posting callbacks. This commit fixes these problems by adding an early-boot rcu_init_nohz() that properly initializes the no-CBs CPUs. Note that kernels built with CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ALL=y or with CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n do not exhibit this bug. Neither do kernels booted without the nohz_full= boot parameter. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Pranith Kumar <bobby.prani@gmail.com> Tested-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2014-09-07rcu: Add call_rcu_tasks()Paul E. McKenney
This commit adds a new RCU-tasks flavor of RCU, which provides call_rcu_tasks(). This RCU flavor's quiescent states are voluntary context switch (not preemption!) and userspace execution (not the idle loop -- use some sort of schedule_on_each_cpu() if you need to handle the idle tasks. Note that unlike other RCU flavors, these quiescent states occur in tasks, not necessarily CPUs. Includes fixes from Steven Rostedt. This RCU flavor is assumed to have very infrequent latency-tolerant updaters. This assumption permits significant simplifications, including a single global callback list protected by a single global lock, along with a single task-private linked list containing all tasks that have not yet passed through a quiescent state. If experience shows this assumption to be incorrect, the required additional complexity will be added. Suggested-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-08-27kbuild: handle module compression while running 'make modules_install'.Bertrand Jacquin
Since module-init-tools (gzip) and kmod (gzip and xz) support compressed modules, it could be useful to include a support for compressing modules right after having them installed. Doing this in kbuild instead of per distro can permit to make this kind of usage more generic. This patch add a Kconfig entry to "Enable loadable module support" menu and let you choose to compress using gzip (default) or xz. Both gzip and xz does not used any extra -[1-9] option since Andi Kleen and Rusty Russell prove no gain is made using them. gzip is called with -n argument to avoid storing original filename inside compressed file, that way we can save some more bytes. On a v3.16 kernel, 'make allmodconfig' generated 4680 modules for a total of 378MB (no strip, no sign, no compress), the following table shows observed disk space gain based on the allmodconfig .config : | time | +-------------+-----------------+ | manual .ko | make | size | percent | compression | modules_install | | gain +-------------+-----------------+------+-------- - | | 18.61s | 378M | GZIP | 3m16s | 3m37s | 102M | 73.41% XZ | 5m22s | 5m39s | 77M | 79.83% The gain for restricted environnement seems to be interesting while uncompress can be time consuming but happens only while loading a module, that is generally done only once. This is fully compatible with signed modules while the signed module is compressed. module-init-tools or kmod handles decompression and provide to other layer the uncompressed but signed payload. Reviewed-by: Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu> Signed-off-by: Bertrand Jacquin <beber@meleeweb.net> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
2014-08-17mm: Support compiling out madvise and fadviseJosh Triplett
Many embedded systems will not need these syscalls, and omitting them saves space. Add a new EXPERT config option CONFIG_ADVISE_SYSCALLS (default y) to support compiling them out. bloat-o-meter: add/remove: 0/3 grow/shrink: 0/0 up/down: 0/-2250 (-2250) function old new delta sys_fadvise64 57 - -57 sys_fadvise64_64 691 - -691 sys_madvise 1502 - -1502 Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
2014-08-14mm: fix CROSS_MEMORY_ATTACH help text grammarGeert Uytterhoeven
Signed-off-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-08-08kernel: build bin2c based on config option CONFIG_BUILD_BIN2CVivek Goyal
currently bin2c builds only if CONFIG_IKCONFIG=y. But bin2c will now be used by kexec too. So make it compilation dependent on CONFIG_BUILD_BIN2C and this config option can be selected by CONFIG_KEXEC and CONFIG_IKCONFIG. Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@suse.de> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yinghai@kernel.org> Cc: Eric Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com> Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com> Cc: WANG Chao <chaowang@redhat.com> Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-08-06printk: allow increasing the ring buffer depending on the number of CPUsLuis R. Rodriguez
The default size of the ring buffer is too small for machines with a large amount of CPUs under heavy load. What ends up happening when debugging is the ring buffer overlaps and chews up old messages making debugging impossible unless the size is passed as a kernel parameter. An idle system upon boot up will on average spew out only about one or two extra lines but where this really matters is on heavy load and that will vary widely depending on the system and environment. There are mechanisms to help increase the kernel ring buffer for tracing through debugfs, and those interfaces even allow growing the kernel ring buffer per CPU. We also have a static value which can be passed upon boot. Relying on debugfs however is not ideal for production, and relying on the value passed upon bootup is can only used *after* an issue has creeped up. Instead of being reactive this adds a proactive measure which lets you scale the amount of contributions you'd expect to the kernel ring buffer under load by each CPU in the worst case scenario. We use num_possible_cpus() to avoid complexities which could be introduced by dynamically changing the ring buffer size at run time, num_possible_cpus() lets us use the upper limit on possible number of CPUs therefore avoiding having to deal with hotplugging CPUs on and off. This introduces the kernel configuration option LOG_CPU_MAX_BUF_SHIFT which is used to specify the maximum amount of contributions to the kernel ring buffer in the worst case before the kernel ring buffer flips over, the size is specified as a power of 2. The total amount of contributions made by each CPU must be greater than half of the default kernel ring buffer size (1 << LOG_BUF_SHIFT bytes) in order to trigger an increase upon bootup. The kernel ring buffer is increased to the next power of two that would fit the required minimum kernel ring buffer size plus the additional CPU contribution. For example if LOG_BUF_SHIFT is 18 (256 KB) you'd require at least 128 KB contributions by other CPUs in order to trigger an increase of the kernel ring buffer. With a LOG_CPU_BUF_SHIFT of 12 (4 KB) you'd require at least anything over > 64 possible CPUs to trigger an increase. If you had 128 possible CPUs the amount of minimum required kernel ring buffer bumps to: ((1 << 18) + ((128 - 1) * (1 << 12))) / 1024 = 764 KB Since we require the ring buffer to be a power of two the new required size would be 1024 KB. This CPU contributions are ignored when the "log_buf_len" kernel parameter is used as it forces the exact size of the ring buffer to an expected power of two value. [pmladek@suse.cz: fix build] Signed-off-by: Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Tested-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Tested-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Andrew Lunn <andrew@lunn.ch> Cc: Stephen Warren <swarren@wwwdotorg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: Arun KS <arunks.linux@gmail.com> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-07-09Merge branches 'doc.2014.07.08a', 'fixes.2014.07.09a', ↵Paul E. McKenney
'maintainers.2014.07.08b', 'nocbs.2014.07.07a' and 'torture.2014.07.07a' into HEAD doc.2014.07.08a: Documentation updates. fixes.2014.07.09a: Miscellaneous fixes. maintainers.2014.07.08b: Maintainership updates. nocbs.2014.07.07a: Callback-offloading fixes. torture.2014.07.07a: Torture-test updates.
2014-07-09rcu: Handle obsolete references to TINY_PREEMPT_RCUPaul E. McKenney
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
2014-07-07rcu: Don't offload callbacks unless specifically requestedPaul E. McKenney
Enabling NO_HZ_FULL currently has the side effect of enabling callback offloading on all CPUs. This results in lots of additional rcuo kthreads, and can also increase context switching and wakeups, even in cases where callback offloading is neither needed nor particularly desirable. This commit therefore enables callback offloading on a given CPU only if specifically requested at build time or boot time, or if that CPU has been specifically designated (again, either at build time or boot time) as a nohz_full CPU. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2014-06-04sys_sgetmask/sys_ssetmask: add CONFIG_SGETMASK_SYSCALLFabian Frederick
sys_sgetmask and sys_ssetmask are obsolete system calls no longer supported in libc. This patch replaces architecture related __ARCH_WANT_SYS_SGETMAX by expert mode configuration.That option is enabled by default for those architectures. Signed-off-by: Fabian Frederick <fabf@skynet.be> Cc: Steven Miao <realmz6@gmail.com> Cc: Mikael Starvik <starvik@axis.com> Cc: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Koichi Yasutake <yasutake.koichi@jp.panasonic.com> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <jejb@parisc-linux.org> Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@uclinux.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-04mm/process_vm_access: move config option into init/KconfigKonstantin Khlebnikov
CONFIG_CROSS_MEMORY_ATTACH adds couple syscalls: process_vm_readv and process_vm_writev, it's a kind of IPC for copying data between processes. Currently this option is placed inside "Processor type and features". This patch moves it into "General setup" (where all other arch-independed syscalls and ipc features are placed) and changes prompt string to less cryptic. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Christopher Yeoh <cyeoh@au1.ibm.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-04memcg: kill CONFIG_MM_OWNEROleg Nesterov
CONFIG_MM_OWNER makes no sense. It is not user-selectable, it is only selected by CONFIG_MEMCG automatically. So we can kill this option in init/Kconfig and do s/CONFIG_MM_OWNER/CONFIG_MEMCG/ globally. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-04Documentation/memcg: warn about incomplete kmemcg stateVladimir Davydov
Kmemcg is currently under development and lacks some important features. In particular, it does not have support of kmem reclaim on memory pressure inside cgroup, which practically makes it unusable in real life. Let's warn about it in both Kconfig and Documentation to prevent complaints arising. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-18init/Kconfig: move the trusted keyring config option to general setupPeter Foley
The SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING config option is not in any menu, causing it to show up in the toplevel of the kernel configuration. Fix this by moving it under the General Setup menu. Signed-off-by: Peter Foley <pefoley2@pefoley.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-12Merge git://git.infradead.org/users/eparis/auditLinus Torvalds
Pull audit updates from Eric Paris. * git://git.infradead.org/users/eparis/audit: (28 commits) AUDIT: make audit_is_compat depend on CONFIG_AUDIT_COMPAT_GENERIC audit: renumber AUDIT_FEATURE_CHANGE into the 1300 range audit: do not cast audit_rule_data pointers pointlesly AUDIT: Allow login in non-init namespaces audit: define audit_is_compat in kernel internal header kernel: Use RCU_INIT_POINTER(x, NULL) in audit.c sched: declare pid_alive as inline audit: use uapi/linux/audit.h for AUDIT_ARCH declarations syscall_get_arch: remove useless function arguments audit: remove stray newline from audit_log_execve_info() audit_panic() call audit: remove stray newlines from audit_log_lost messages audit: include subject in login records audit: remove superfluous new- prefix in AUDIT_LOGIN messages audit: allow user processes to log from another PID namespace audit: anchor all pid references in the initial pid namespace audit: convert PPIDs to the inital PID namespace. pid: get pid_t ppid of task in init_pid_ns audit: rename the misleading audit_get_context() to audit_take_context() audit: Add generic compat syscall support audit: Add CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_AUDITSYSCALL ...
2014-04-07kconfig: make allnoconfig disable options behind EMBEDDED and EXPERTJosh Triplett
"make allnoconfig" exists to ease testing of minimal configurations. Documentation/SubmitChecklist includes a note to test with allnoconfig. This helps catch missing dependencies on common-but-not-required functionality, which might otherwise go unnoticed. However, allnoconfig still leaves many symbols enabled, because they're hidden behind CONFIG_EMBEDDED or CONFIG_EXPERT. For instance, allnoconfig still has CONFIG_PRINTK and CONFIG_BLOCK enabled, so drivers don't typically get build-tested with those disabled. To address this, introduce a new Kconfig option "allnoconfig_y", used on symbols which only exist to hide other symbols. Set it on CONFIG_EMBEDDED (which then selects CONFIG_EXPERT). allnoconfig will then disable all the symbols hidden behind those. Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Tested-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-03Merge branch 'akpm' (incoming from Andrew)Linus Torvalds
Merge first patch-bomb from Andrew Morton: - Various misc bits - kmemleak fixes - small befs, codafs, cifs, efs, freexxfs, hfsplus, minixfs, reiserfs things - fanotify - I appear to have become SuperH maintainer - ocfs2 updates - direct-io tweaks - a bit of the MM queue - printk updates - MAINTAINERS maintenance - some backlight things - lib/ updates - checkpatch updates - the rtc queue - nilfs2 updates - Small Documentation/ updates * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (237 commits) Documentation/SubmittingPatches: remove references to patch-scripts Documentation/SubmittingPatches: update some dead URLs Documentation/filesystems/ntfs.txt: remove changelog reference Documentation/kmemleak.txt: updates fs/reiserfs/super.c: add __init to init_inodecache fs/reiserfs: move prototype declaration to header file fs/hfsplus/attributes.c: add __init to hfsplus_create_attr_tree_cache() fs/hfsplus/extents.c: fix concurrent acess of alloc_blocks fs/hfsplus/extents.c: remove unused variable in hfsplus_get_block nilfs2: update project's web site in nilfs2.txt nilfs2: update MAINTAINERS file entries fix nilfs2: verify metadata sizes read from disk nilfs2: add FITRIM ioctl support for nilfs2 nilfs2: add nilfs_sufile_trim_fs to trim clean segs nilfs2: implementation of NILFS_IOCTL_SET_SUINFO ioctl nilfs2: add nilfs_sufile_set_suinfo to update segment usage nilfs2: add struct nilfs_suinfo_update and flags nilfs2: update MAINTAINERS file entries fs/coda/inode.c: add __init to init_inodecache() BEFS: logging cleanup ...
2014-04-03fs, kernel: permit disabling the uselib syscallJosh Triplett
uselib hasn't been used since libc5; glibc does not use it. Support turning it off. When disabled, also omit the load_elf_library implementation from binfmt_elf.c, which only uselib invokes. bloat-o-meter: add/remove: 0/4 grow/shrink: 0/1 up/down: 0/-785 (-785) function old new delta padzero 39 36 -3 uselib_flags 20 - -20 sys_uselib 168 - -168 SyS_uselib 168 - -168 load_elf_library 426 - -426 The new CONFIG_USELIB defaults to `y'. Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-03sys_sysfs: Add CONFIG_SYSFS_SYSCALLFabian Frederick
sys_sysfs is an obsolete system call no longer supported by libc. - This patch adds a default CONFIG_SYSFS_SYSCALL=y - Option can be turned off in expert mode. - cond_syscall added to kernel/sys_ni.c [akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak Kconfig help text] Signed-off-by: Fabian Frederick <fabf@skynet.be> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-03Merge branch 'for-3.15' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup Pull cgroup updates from Tejun Heo: "A lot updates for cgroup: - The biggest one is cgroup's conversion to kernfs. cgroup took after the long abandoned vfs-entangled sysfs implementation and made it even more convoluted over time. cgroup's internal objects were fused with vfs objects which also brought in vfs locking and object lifetime rules. Naturally, there are places where vfs rules don't fit and nasty hacks, such as credential switching or lock dance interleaving inode mutex and cgroup_mutex with object serial number comparison thrown in to decide whether the operation is actually necessary, needed to be employed. After conversion to kernfs, internal object lifetime and locking rules are mostly isolated from vfs interactions allowing shedding of several nasty hacks and overall simplification. This will also allow implmentation of operations which may affect multiple cgroups which weren't possible before as it would have required nesting i_mutexes. - Various simplifications including dropping of module support, easier cgroup name/path handling, simplified cgroup file type handling and task_cg_lists optimization. - Prepatory changes for the planned unified hierarchy, which is still a patchset away from being actually operational. The dummy hierarchy is updated to serve as the default unified hierarchy. Controllers which aren't claimed by other hierarchies are associated with it, which BTW was what the dummy hierarchy was for anyway. - Various fixes from Li and others. This pull request includes some patches to add missing slab.h to various subsystems. This was triggered xattr.h include removal from cgroup.h. cgroup.h indirectly got included a lot of files which brought in xattr.h which brought in slab.h. There are several merge commits - one to pull in kernfs updates necessary for converting cgroup (already in upstream through driver-core), others for interfering changes in the fixes branch" * 'for-3.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/cgroup: (74 commits) cgroup: remove useless argument from cgroup_exit() cgroup: fix spurious lockdep warning in cgroup_exit() cgroup: Use RCU_INIT_POINTER(x, NULL) in cgroup.c cgroup: break kernfs active_ref protection in cgroup directory operations cgroup: fix cgroup_taskset walking order cgroup: implement CFTYPE_ONLY_ON_DFL cgroup: make cgrp_dfl_root mountable cgroup: drop const from @buffer of cftype->write_string() cgroup: rename cgroup_dummy_root and related names cgroup: move ->subsys_mask from cgroupfs_root to cgroup cgroup: treat cgroup_dummy_root as an equivalent hierarchy during rebinding cgroup: remove NULL checks from [pr_cont_]cgroup_{name|path}() cgroup: use cgroup_setup_root() to initialize cgroup_dummy_root cgroup: reorganize cgroup bootstrapping cgroup: relocate setting of CGRP_DEAD cpuset: use rcu_read_lock() to protect task_cs() cgroup_freezer: document freezer_fork() subtleties cgroup: update cgroup_transfer_tasks() to either succeed or fail cgroup: drop task_lock() protection around task->cgroups cgroup: update how a newly forked task gets associated with css_set ...
2014-03-20audit: Add CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_AUDITSYSCALLAKASHI Takahiro
Currently AUDITSYSCALL has a long list of architecture depencency: depends on AUDIT && (X86 || PARISC || PPC || S390 || IA64 || UML || SPARC64 || SUPERH || (ARM && AEABI && !OABI_COMPAT) || ALPHA) The purpose of this patch is to replace it with HAVE_ARCH_AUDITSYSCALL for simplicity. Signed-off-by: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@linaro.org> Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> (arm) Acked-by: Richard Guy Briggs <rgb@redhat.com> (audit) Acked-by: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com> (alpha) Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> (powerpc) Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com>