path: root/include/linux/tracepoint.h
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2014-03-23tracing: Do not add event files for modules that fail tracepointsSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)
commit 45ab2813d40d88fc575e753c38478de242d03f88 upstream. If a module fails to add its tracepoints due to module tainting, do not create the module event infrastructure in the debugfs directory. As the events will not work and worse yet, they will silently fail, making the user wonder why the events they enable do not display anything. Having a warning on module load and the events not visible to the users will make the cause of the problem much clearer. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20140227154923.265882695@goodmis.org Fixes: 6d723736e472 "tracing/events: add support for modules to TRACE_EVENT" Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2013-06-10trace: Allow idle-safe tracepoints to be called from irqPaul E. McKenney
__DECLARE_TRACE_RCU() currently creates an _rcuidle() tracepoint which may safely be invoked from what RCU considers to be an idle CPU. However, these _rcuidle() tracepoints may -not- be invoked from the handler of an irq taken from idle, because rcu_idle_enter() zeroes RCU's nesting-level counter, so that the rcu_irq_exit() returning to idle will trigger a WARN_ON_ONCE(). This commit therefore substitutes rcu_irq_enter() for rcu_idle_exit() and rcu_irq_exit() for rcu_idle_enter() in order to make the _rcuidle() tracepoints usable from irq handlers as well as from process context. Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2012-09-12trace: Don't declare trace_*_rcuidle functions in modulesJosh Triplett
Tracepoints declare a static inline trace_*_rcuidle variant of the trace function, to support safely generating trace events from the idle loop. Module code never actually uses that variant of trace functions, because modules don't run code that needs tracing with RCU idled. However, the declaration of those otherwise unused functions causes the module to reference rcu_idle_exit and rcu_idle_enter, which RCU does not export to modules. To avoid this, don't generate trace_*_rcuidle functions for tracepoints declared in module code. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20120905062306.GA14756@leaf Reported-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2012-07-06tracepoint: Use static_key_false(), since static_branch() is deprecatedJason Baron
Convert the last user of static_branch() -> static_key_false(). Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com Cc: a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/5fffcd40a6c063769badcdd74a7d90980500dbcb.1340909155.git.jbaron@redhat.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2012-02-24static keys: Introduce 'struct static_key', static_key_true()/false() and ↵Ingo Molnar
static_key_slow_[inc|dec]() So here's a boot tested patch on top of Jason's series that does all the cleanups I talked about and turns jump labels into a more intuitive to use facility. It should also address the various misconceptions and confusions that surround jump labels. Typical usage scenarios: #include <linux/static_key.h> struct static_key key = STATIC_KEY_INIT_TRUE; if (static_key_false(&key)) do unlikely code else do likely code Or: if (static_key_true(&key)) do likely code else do unlikely code The static key is modified via: static_key_slow_inc(&key); ... static_key_slow_dec(&key); The 'slow' prefix makes it abundantly clear that this is an expensive operation. I've updated all in-kernel code to use this everywhere. Note that I (intentionally) have not pushed through the rename blindly through to the lowest levels: the actual jump-label patching arch facility should be named like that, so we want to decouple jump labels from the static-key facility a bit. On non-jump-label enabled architectures static keys default to likely()/unlikely() branches. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com Cc: davem@davemloft.net Cc: ddaney.cavm@gmail.com Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20120222085809.GA26397@elte.hu Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2012-02-13tracing/rcu: Add trace_##name##__rcuidle() static tracepoint for inside ↵Steven Rostedt
rcu_idle_exit() sections Added is a new static inline function that lets *any* tracepoint be used inside a rcu_idle_exit() section. And this also solves the problem where the same tracepoint may be used inside a rcu_idle_exit() section as well as outside of one. I added a new tracepoint function with a "_rcuidle" extension. All tracepoints can be used with either the normal "trace_foobar()" function, or the "trace_foobar_rcuidle()" function when inside a rcu_idle_exit() section. All tracepoints defined by TRACE_EVENT() or any of the derivatives will have a "_rcuidle()" function also defined. When a tracepoint is used within an rcu_idle_exit() section, the "_rcuidle()" version must be used. This denotes that the tracepoint is within rcu_idle_exit() and it allows the rcu read locks within the tracepoint to still be valid, as this version takes us out of rcu_idle_exit(). Another nice aspect about this patch is that "static inline"s are not compiled into text when not used. So only the tracepoints that actually use the _rcuidle() version will have them defined in the actual text that is booted. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1328563113.2200.39.camel@gandalf.stny.rr.com> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2011-08-10Tracepoint: Dissociate from module mutexMathieu Desnoyers
Copy the information needed from struct module into a local module list held within tracepoint.c from within the module coming/going notifier. This vastly simplifies locking of tracepoint registration / unregistration, because we don't have to take the module mutex to register and unregister tracepoints anymore. Steven Rostedt ran into dependency problems related to modules mutex vs kprobes mutex vs ftrace mutex vs tracepoint mutex that seems to be hard to fix without removing this dependency between tracepoint and module mutex. (note: it should be investigated whether kprobes could benefit of being dissociated from the modules mutex too.) This also fixes module handling of tracepoint list iterators, because it was expecting the list to be sorted by pointer address. Given we have control on our own list now, it's OK to sort this list which has tracepoints as its only purpose. The reason why this sorting is required is to handle the fact that seq files (and any read() operation from user-space) cannot hold the tracepoint mutex across multiple calls, so list entries may vanish between calls. With sorting, the tracepoint iterator becomes usable even if the list don't contain the exact item pointed to by the iterator anymore. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Acked-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> CC: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> CC: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> CC: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20110810191839.GC8525@Krystal Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2011-04-04jump label: Introduce static_branch() interfaceJason Baron
Introduce: static __always_inline bool static_branch(struct jump_label_key *key); instead of the old JUMP_LABEL(key, label) macro. In this way, jump labels become really easy to use: Define: struct jump_label_key jump_key; Can be used as: if (static_branch(&jump_key)) do unlikely code enable/disale via: jump_label_inc(&jump_key); jump_label_dec(&jump_key); that's it! For the jump labels disabled case, the static_branch() becomes an atomic_read(), and jump_label_inc()/dec() are simply atomic_inc(), atomic_dec() operations. We show testing results for this change below. Thanks to H. Peter Anvin for suggesting the 'static_branch()' construct. Since we now require a 'struct jump_label_key *key', we can store a pointer into the jump table addresses. In this way, we can enable/disable jump labels, in basically constant time. This change allows us to completely remove the previous hashtable scheme. Thanks to Peter Zijlstra for this re-write. Testing: I ran a series of 'tbench 20' runs 5 times (with reboots) for 3 configurations, where tracepoints were disabled. jump label configured in avg: 815.6 jump label *not* configured in (using atomic reads) avg: 800.1 jump label *not* configured in (regular reads) avg: 803.4 Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> LKML-Reference: <20110316212947.GA8792@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Suggested-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com> Tested-by: David Daney <ddaney@caviumnetworks.com> Acked-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2011-02-03tracepoints: Fix section alignment using pointer arrayMathieu Desnoyers
Make the tracepoints more robust, making them solid enough to handle compiler changes by not relying on anything based on compiler-specific behavior with respect to structure alignment. Implement an approach proposed by David Miller: use an array of const pointers to refer to the individual structures, and export this pointer array through the linker script rather than the structures per se. It will consume 32 extra bytes per tracepoint (24 for structure padding and 8 for the pointers), but are less likely to break due to compiler changes. History: commit 7e066fb8 tracepoints: add DECLARE_TRACE() and DEFINE_TRACE() added the aligned(32) type and variable attribute to the tracepoint structures to deal with gcc happily aligning statically defined structures on 32-byte multiples. One attempt was to use a 8-byte alignment for tracepoint structures by applying both the variable and type attribute to tracepoint structures definitions and declarations. It worked fine with gcc 4.5.1, but broke with gcc 4.4.4 and 4.4.5. The reason is that the "aligned" attribute only specify the _minimum_ alignment for a structure, leaving both the compiler and the linker free to align on larger multiples. Because tracepoint.c expects the structures to be placed as an array within each section, up-alignment cause NULL-pointer exceptions due to the extra unexpected padding. (this patch applies on top of -tip) Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> LKML-Reference: <20110126222622.GA10794@Krystal> CC: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> CC: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> CC: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> CC: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2011-01-07tracepoint: Add __rcu annotationLai Jiangshan
Add __rcu annotation to : (struct tracepoint)->funcs Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> LKML-Reference: <4D22D4F1.50505@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2011-01-07tracing/trivial: Add missing comma in TRACE_EVENT commentMathieu Desnoyers
Add missing comma within the TRACE_EVENT() example in tracepoint.h. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> LKML-Reference: <20110106184532.GA2526@Krystal> CC: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-12-03tracing: Add TRACE_EVENT_CONDITIONAL()Steven Rostedt
There are instances in the kernel that we only want to trace a tracepoint when a certain condition is set. But we do not want to test for that condition in the core kernel. If we test for that condition before calling the tracepoin, then we will be performing that test even when tracing is not enabled. This is 99.99% of the time. We currently can just filter out on that condition, but that happens after we write to the trace buffer. We just wasted time writing to the ring buffer for an event we never cared about. This patch adds: TRACE_EVENT_CONDITION() and DEFINE_EVENT_CONDITION() These have a new TP_CONDITION() argument that comes right after the TP_ARGS(). This condition can use the parameters of TP_ARGS() in the TRACE_EVENT() to determine if the tracepoint should be traced or not. The TP_CONDITION() will be placed in a if (cond) trace; For example, for the tracepoint sched_wakeup, it is useless to trace a wakeup event where the caller never actually wakes anything up (where success == 0). So adding: TP_CONDITION(success), which uses the "success" parameter of the wakeup tracepoint will have it only trace when we have successfully woken up a task. Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-11-18tracing: New macro to set up initial event flags valueFrederic Weisbecker
This introduces the new TRACE_EVENT_FLAGS() macro in order to set up initial event flags value. This macro must simply follow the definition of a trace event and take the event name and the flag value as parameters: TRACE_EVENT(my_event, ..... .... ); TRACE_EVENT_FLAGS(my_event, 1) This will set up 1 as the initial my_event->flags value. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com>
2010-09-22jump label: Tracepoint support for jump labelsJason Baron
Make use of the jump label infrastructure for tracepoints. Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> LKML-Reference: <a9ba2056e2c9cf332c3c300b577463ce66ff23a8.1284733808.git.jbaron@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-06-21tracing: Fix undeclared ENOSYS in include/linux/tracepoint.hWu Zhangjin
The header file include/linux/tracepoint.h may be included without include/linux/errno.h and then the compiler will fail on building for undelcared ENOSYS. This patch fixes this problem via including <linux/errno.h> to include/linux/tracepoint.h. Signed-off-by: Wu Zhangjin <wuzhangjin@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <1277118549-622-1-git-send-email-wuzhangjin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-05-14tracing: Let tracepoints have data passed to tracepoint callbacksSteven Rostedt
This patch adds data to be passed to tracepoint callbacks. The created functions from DECLARE_TRACE() now need a mandatory data parameter. For example: DECLARE_TRACE(mytracepoint, int value, value) Will create the register function: int register_trace_mytracepoint((void(*)(void *data, int value))probe, void *data); As the first argument, all callbacks (probes) must take a (void *data) parameter. So a callback for the above tracepoint will look like: void myprobe(void *data, int value) { } The callback may choose to ignore the data parameter. This change allows callbacks to register a private data pointer along with the function probe. void mycallback(void *data, int value); register_trace_mytracepoint(mycallback, mydata); Then the mycallback() will receive the "mydata" as the first parameter before the args. A more detailed example: DECLARE_TRACE(mytracepoint, TP_PROTO(int status), TP_ARGS(status)); /* In the C file */ DEFINE_TRACE(mytracepoint, TP_PROTO(int status), TP_ARGS(status)); [...] trace_mytracepoint(status); /* In a file registering this tracepoint */ int my_callback(void *data, int status) { struct my_struct my_data = data; [...] } [...] my_data = kmalloc(sizeof(*my_data), GFP_KERNEL); init_my_data(my_data); register_trace_mytracepoint(my_callback, my_data); The same callback can also be registered to the same tracepoint as long as the data registered is different. Note, the data must also be used to unregister the callback: unregister_trace_mytracepoint(my_callback, my_data); Because of the data parameter, tracepoints declared this way can not have no args. That is: DECLARE_TRACE(mytracepoint, TP_PROTO(void), TP_ARGS()); will cause an error. If no arguments are needed, a new macro can be used instead: DECLARE_TRACE_NOARGS(mytracepoint); Since there are no arguments, the proto and args fields are left out. This is part of a series to make the tracepoint footprint smaller: text data bss dec hex filename 4913961 1088356 861512 6863829 68bbd5 vmlinux.orig 4914025 1088868 861512 6864405 68be15 vmlinux.class 4918492 1084612 861512 6864616 68bee8 vmlinux.tracepoint Again, this patch also increases the size of the kernel, but lays the ground work for decreasing it. v5: Fixed net/core/drop_monitor.c to handle these updates. v4: Moved the DECLARE_TRACE() DECLARE_TRACE_NOARGS out of the #ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_POINTS, since the two are the same in both cases. The __DECLARE_TRACE() is what changes. Thanks to Frederic Weisbecker for pointing this out. v3: Made all register_* functions require data to be passed and all callbacks to take a void * parameter as its first argument. This makes the calling functions comply with C standards. Also added more comments to the modifications of DECLARE_TRACE(). v2: Made the DECLARE_TRACE() have the ability to pass arguments and added a new DECLARE_TRACE_NOARGS() for tracepoints that do not need any arguments. Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-05-14tracepoints: Add check trace callback typeMathieu Desnoyers
This check is meant to be used by tracepoint users which do a direct cast of callbacks to (void *) for direct registration, thus bypassing the register_trace_##name and unregister_trace_##name checks. This permits to ensure that the callback type matches the function type at the call site, but without generating any code. Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> LKML-Reference: <20100430165959.GA25605@Krystal> CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> CC: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> CC: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> CC: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> CC: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> CC: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> CC: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> CC: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-05-05tracing: Fix tracepoint.h DECLARE_TRACE() to allow more than one headerSteven Rostedt
When more than one header is included under CREATE_TRACE_POINTS the DECLARE_TRACE() macro is not defined back to its original meaning and the second include will fail to initialize the TRACE_EVENT() and DECLARE_TRACE() correctly. To fix this the tracepoint.h file moves the define of DECLARE_TRACE() out of the #ifdef _LINUX_TRACEPOINT_H protection (just like the define of the TRACE_EVENT()). This way the define_trace.h will undef the DECLARE_TRACE() at the end and allow new headers to start from scratch. This patch also requires fixing the include/events/napi.h It currently uses DECLARE_TRACE() and should be converted to a TRACE_EVENT() format. But I'll leave that change to the authors of that file. But since the napi.h file depends on using the CREATE_TRACE_POINTS and does not define its own DEFINE_TRACE() it must use the define_trace.h method instead. Cc: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2010-03-16rcu: Fix tracepoints & lockdep false positiveLai Jiangshan
tracepoint.h uses rcu_dereference(), which triggers this warning: [ 0.701161] =================================================== [ 0.702211] [ INFO: suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage. ] [ 0.702716] --------------------------------------------------- [ 0.703203] include/trace/events/workqueue.h:68 invoked rcu_dereference_check() without protection! [ 0.703971] [ 0.703990] other info that might help us debug this: [ 0.703993] [ 0.705590] [ 0.705604] rcu_scheduler_active = 1, debug_locks = 0 [ 0.706712] 1 lock held by swapper/1: [ 0.707229] #0: (cpu_add_remove_lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<c0142f54>] cpu_maps_update_begin+0x14/0x20 [ 0.710097] [ 0.710106] stack backtrace: [ 0.712602] Pid: 1, comm: swapper Not tainted 2.6.34-rc1-tip-01613-g72662bb #168 [ 0.713231] Call Trace: [ 0.713997] [<c017174d>] lockdep_rcu_dereference+0x9d/0xb0 [ 0.714746] [<c015a117>] create_workqueue_thread+0x107/0x110 [ 0.715353] [<c015aee0>] ? worker_thread+0x0/0x340 [ 0.715845] [<c015a8e8>] __create_workqueue_key+0x138/0x240 [ 0.716427] [<c0142f92>] ? cpu_maps_update_done+0x12/0x20 [ 0.717012] [<c086b12f>] init_workqueues+0x6f/0x80 [ 0.717530] [<c08576d2>] kernel_init+0x102/0x1f0 [ 0.717570] [<c08575d0>] ? kernel_init+0x0/0x1f0 [ 0.718944] [<c01030fa>] kernel_thread_helper+0x6/0x10 Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <4B9F48AD.4000404@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-11-26events: Rename TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE() to DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS()Ingo Molnar
It is not quite obvious at first sight what TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE does: does it define an event as well beyond defining a template? To clarify this, rename it to DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS, which follows the various 'DECLARE_*()' idioms we already have in the kernel: DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(class) DEFINE_EVENT(class, event1) DEFINE_EVENT(class, event2) DEFINE_EVENT(class, event3) To complete this logic we should also rename TRACE_EVENT() to: DEFINE_SINGLE_EVENT(single_event) ... but in a more quiet moment of the kernel cycle. Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> LKML-Reference: <4B0E286A.2000405@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-11-24tracing: Create new DEFINE_EVENT_PRINTSteven Rostedt
After creating the TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE I started to look at other trace points to see what duplication was made. I noticed that there are several trace points where they are almost identical except for the name and the output format. Since TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE was successful in bringing down the size of trace events, I added a DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT. DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT is used just like DEFINE_EVENT is. That is, the DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT also uses a TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE, but it allows the developer to overwrite the print format. If there are two or more TRACE_EVENTS that are identical except for the name and print, then they can be converted to use a TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE. Since the TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE already does the print output, the first trace event would have its print format held in the TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE and be defined with a DEFINE_EVENT. The rest will use the DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT and override the print format. Converting the sched trace points to both DEFINE_EVENT and DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT. Five were converted to DEFINE_EVENT and two were converted to DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT. I was able to get the following: $ size kernel/sched.o-* text data bss dec hex filename 79299 6776 2520 88595 15a13 kernel/sched.o-notrace 101941 11896 2584 116421 1c6c5 kernel/sched.o-templ 104779 11896 2584 119259 1d1db kernel/sched.o-trace sched.o-notrace is the scheduler compiled with no trace points. sched.o-templ is with the use of DEFINE_EVENT and DEFINE_EVENT_PRINT sched.o-trace is the current trace events. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-11-24tracing: Create new TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATESteven Rostedt
There are some places in the kernel that define several tracepoints and they are all identical besides the name. The code to enable, disable and record is created for every trace point even if most of the code is identical. This patch adds TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE that lets the developer create a template TRACE_EVENT and create trace points with DEFINE_EVENT, which is based off of a given template. Each trace point used by this will share most of the code, and bring down the size of the kernel when there are several duplicate events. Usage is: TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE(name, proto, args, tstruct, assign, print); Which would be the same as defining a normal TRACE_EVENT. To create the trace events that the trace points will use: DEFINE_EVENT(template, name, proto, args) is done. The template is the name of the TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE to use. The name is the name of the trace point. The parameters proto and args must be the same as the proto and args of the template. If they are not the same, then a compile error will result. I tried hard removing this duplication but the C preprocessor is not powerful enough (or my CPP magic experience points is not at a high enough level) to not need them. A lot of trace events are coming in with new XFS development. Most of the trace points are identical except for the name. The following shows the advantage of having TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE: $ size fs/xfs/xfs.o.* text data bss dec hex filename 452114 2788 3520 458422 6feb6 fs/xfs/xfs.o.old 638482 38116 3744 680342 a6196 fs/xfs/xfs.o.template 996954 38116 4480 1039550 fdcbe fs/xfs/xfs.o.trace xfs.o.old is without any tracepoints. xfs.o.template uses the new TRACE_EVENT_TEMPLATE. xfs.o.trace uses the current TRACE_EVENT macros. Requested-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-09-22tracing: Fix a comment and a trivial format issue in tracepoint.hLi Hong
Fix the tracepoint documentation path in tracepoints headers and a misaligned tabulation. Signed-off-by: Li Hong <lihong.hi@gmail.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> LKML-Reference: <3a3680030909220300h7cf18849q4d4702b9d4feaa67@mail.gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2009-08-26Merge branch 'tracing/core' of ↵Ingo Molnar
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/frederic/random-tracing into tracing/core Conflicts: include/linux/tracepoint.h Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2009-08-26tracing: add comments to explain TRACE_EVENT out of protectionSteven Rostedt
The commit: commit 5ac35daa9343936038a3c9c4f4d6d3fe6a2a7bd8 Author: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@cn.fujitsu.com> tracing/events: fix the include file dependencies Moved the TRACE_EVENT out of the ifdef protection of tracepoints.h but uses the define of TRACE_EVENT itself as protection. This patch adds comments to explain why. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-08-26tracing/events: fix the include file dependenciesXiao Guangrong
The TRACE_EVENT depends on the include/linux/tracepoint.h first and include/trace/ftrace.h later, if we include the ftrace.h early, a building error will occur. Both define TRACE_EVENT in trace_a.h and trace_b.h, if we include those in .c file, like this: #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS include <trace/events/trace_a.h> include <trace/events/trace_b.h> The above will not work, because the TRACE_EVENT was re-defined by the previous .h file. Reported-by: Wei Yongjun <yjwei@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@cn.fujitsu.com> LKML-Reference: <4A937F5E.3020802@cn.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-08-26tracing: Move tracepoint callbacks from declaration to definitionJosh Stone
It's not strictly correct for the tracepoint reg/unreg callbacks to occur when a client is hooking up, because the actual tracepoint may not be present yet. This happens to be fine for syscall, since that's in the core kernel, but it would cause problems for tracepoints defined in a module that hasn't been loaded yet. It also means the reg/unreg has to be EXPORTed for any modules to use the tracepoint (as in SystemTap). This patch removes DECLARE_TRACE_WITH_CALLBACK, and instead introduces DEFINE_TRACE_FN which stores the callbacks in struct tracepoint. The callbacks are used now when the active state of the tracepoint changes in set_tracepoint & disable_tracepoint. This also introduces TRACE_EVENT_FN, so ftrace events can also provide registration callbacks if needed. Signed-off-by: Josh Stone <jistone@redhat.com> Cc: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Jiaying Zhang <jiayingz@google.com> Cc: Martin Bligh <mbligh@google.com> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> LKML-Reference: <1251150194-1713-4-git-send-email-jistone@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2009-08-11tracing: Add DECLARE_TRACE_WITH_CALLBACK() macroJason Baron
Introduce a new 'DECLARE_TRACE_WITH_CALLBACK()' macro, so that tracepoints can associate an external register/unregister function. This prepares for the syscalls tracer conversion to trace events. We will need to perform arch level operations once a syscall event is turned on/off, such as TIF flags setting, hence the need of such specific callbacks. Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Cc: Jiaying Zhang <jiayingz@google.com> Cc: Martin Bligh <mbligh@google.com> Cc: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
2009-06-15debugfs: Fix terminology inconsistency of dir name to mount debugfs filesystem.GeunSik Lim
Many developers use "/debug/" or "/debugfs/" or "/sys/kernel/debug/" directory name to mount debugfs filesystem for ftrace according to ./Documentation/tracers/ftrace.txt file. And, three directory names(ex:/debug/, /debugfs/, /sys/kernel/debug/) is existed in kernel source like ftrace, DRM, Wireless, Documentation, Network[sky2]files to mount debugfs filesystem. debugfs means debug filesystem for debugging easy to use by greg kroah hartman. "/sys/kernel/debug/" name is suitable as directory name of debugfs filesystem. - debugfs related reference: http://lwn.net/Articles/334546/ Fix inconsistency of directory name to mount debugfs filesystem. * From Steven Rostedt - find_debugfs() and tracing_files() in this patch. Signed-off-by: GeunSik Lim <geunsik.lim@samsung.com> Acked-by : Inaky Perez-Gonzalez <inaky@linux.intel.com> Reviewed-by : Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Reviewed-by : James Smart <james.smart@emulex.com> CC: Jiri Kosina <trivial@kernel.org> CC: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie> CC: Peter Osterlund <petero2@telia.com> CC: Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com> CC: Anil S Keshavamurthy <anil.s.keshavamurthy@intel.com> CC: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
2009-04-24tracing: remove deprecated TRACE_FORMATSteven Rostedt
The TRACE_FORMAT macro has been deprecated by the TRACE_EVENT macro. There are no more users. All new users must use the TRACE_EVENT macro. [ Impact: remove old functionality ] Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-04-14tracing: consolidate trace and trace_event headersSteven Rostedt
Impact: clean up Neil Horman (et. al.) criticized the way the trace events were broken up into two files. The reason for that was that ftrace needed to separate out the declarations from where the #include <linux/tracepoint.h> was used. It then dawned on me that the tracepoint.h header only needs to define the TRACE_EVENT macro if it is not already defined. The solution is simply to test if TRACE_EVENT is defined, and if it is not then the linux/tracepoint.h header can define it. This change consolidates all the <traces>.h and <traces>_event_types.h into the <traces>.h file. Reported-by: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> Reported-by: Theodore Tso <tytso@mit.edu> Reported-by: Jiaying Zhang <jiayingz@google.com> Cc: Zhaolei <zhaolei@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2009-03-10tracing: remove funky whitespace in the trace codeSteven Rostedt
Impact: clean up There existed a lot of <space><tab>'s in the tracing code. This patch removes them. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-03-10tracing: document TRACE_EVENT macro in tracepoint.hSteven Rostedt
Impact: clean up / comments Kosaki Motohiro asked about an explanation to the TRACE_EVENT macro. Ingo Molnar replied with a nice description. This patch takes the description that Ingo wrote (with some slight modifications) and adds it to the tracepoint.h file. Reported-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-03-10tracing: flip the TP_printk and TP_fast_assign in the TRACE_EVENT macroSteven Rostedt
Impact: clean up In trying to stay consistant with the C style format in the TRACE_EVENT macro, it makes more sense to do the printk after the assigning of the variables. Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-03-10tracing: remove obsolete TRACE_EVENT_FORMAT macroSteven Rostedt
Impact: clean up The TRACE_EVENT_FORMAT macro is no longer used by trace points and only the DECLARE_TRACE, TRACE_FORMAT or TRACE_EVENT macros should be used by them. Although the TRACE_EVENT_FORMAT macro is still used by the internal tracing utility, it should not be used in core kernel code. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-03-10tracing: new format for specialized trace pointsSteven Rostedt
Impact: clean up and enhancement The TRACE_EVENT_FORMAT macro looks quite ugly and is limited in its ability to save data as well as to print the record out. Working with Ingo Molnar, we came up with a new format that is much more pleasing to the eye of C developers. This new macro is more C style than the old macro, and is more obvious to what it does. Here's the example. The only updated macro in this patch is the sched_switch trace point. The old method looked like this: TRACE_EVENT_FORMAT(sched_switch, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next), TP_ARGS(rq, prev, next), TP_FMT("task %s:%d ==> %s:%d", prev->comm, prev->pid, next->comm, next->pid), TRACE_STRUCT( TRACE_FIELD(pid_t, prev_pid, prev->pid) TRACE_FIELD(int, prev_prio, prev->prio) TRACE_FIELD_SPECIAL(char next_comm[TASK_COMM_LEN], next_comm, TP_CMD(memcpy(TRACE_ENTRY->next_comm, next->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN))) TRACE_FIELD(pid_t, next_pid, next->pid) TRACE_FIELD(int, next_prio, next->prio) ), TP_RAW_FMT("prev %d:%d ==> next %s:%d:%d") ); The above method is hard to read and requires two format fields. The new method: /* * Tracepoint for task switches, performed by the scheduler: * * (NOTE: the 'rq' argument is not used by generic trace events, * but used by the latency tracer plugin. ) */ TRACE_EVENT(sched_switch, TP_PROTO(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev, struct task_struct *next), TP_ARGS(rq, prev, next), TP_STRUCT__entry( __array( char, prev_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, prev_pid ) __field( int, prev_prio ) __array( char, next_comm, TASK_COMM_LEN ) __field( pid_t, next_pid ) __field( int, next_prio ) ), TP_printk("task %s:%d [%d] ==> %s:%d [%d]", __entry->prev_comm, __entry->prev_pid, __entry->prev_prio, __entry->next_comm, __entry->next_pid, __entry->next_prio), TP_fast_assign( memcpy(__entry->next_comm, next->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->prev_pid = prev->pid; __entry->prev_prio = prev->prio; memcpy(__entry->prev_comm, prev->comm, TASK_COMM_LEN); __entry->next_pid = next->pid; __entry->next_prio = next->prio; ) ); This macro is called TRACE_EVENT, it is broken up into 5 parts: TP_PROTO: the proto type of the trace point TP_ARGS: the arguments of the trace point TP_STRUCT_entry: the structure layout of the entry in the ring buffer TP_printk: the printk format TP_fast_assign: the method used to write the entry into the ring buffer The structure is the definition of how the event will be saved in the ring buffer. The printk is used by the internal tracing in case of an oops, and the kernel needs to print out the format of the record to the console. This the TP_printk gives a means to show the records in a human readable format. It is also used to print out the data from the trace file. The TP_fast_assign is executed directly. It is basically like a C function, where the __entry is the handle to the record. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-03-10tracing: replace TP<var> with TP_<var>Steven Rostedt
Impact: clean up The macros TPPROTO, TPARGS, TPFMT, TPRAWFMT, and TPCMD all look a bit ugly. This patch adds an underscore to their names. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-02-28tracing: create the C style tracing for the sched subsystemSteven Rostedt
This patch utilizes the TRACE_EVENT_FORMAT macro to enable the C style faster tracing for the sched subsystem trace points. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-02-25tracing: wrap arguments with PARAMSSteven Rostedt
Peter Zijlstra warned that TPPROTO and TPARGS might become something other than a simple copy of itself. To prevent this from having side effects in the TRACE_FORMAT macro in tracepoint.h, we add a PARAMS() macro to be defined as just a wrapper. Reported-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-02-25tracing: rename DEFINE_TRACE_FMT to just TRACE_FORMATSteven Rostedt
There's been a bit confusion to whether DEFINE/DECLARE_TRACE_FMT should be a DEFINE or a DECLARE. Ingo Molnar suggested simply calling it TRACE_FORMAT. Reported-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2009-02-24tracing: add DEFINE_TRACE_FMT to tracepoint.hSteven Rostedt
This patch creates a DEFINE_TRACE_FMT to map to DECLARE_TRACE. This allows for the developers to place format strings and args in with their tracepoint declaration. A tracer may now override the DEFINE_TRACE_FMT macro and use it to record a default format. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
2008-11-16tracepoints: add DECLARE_TRACE() and DEFINE_TRACE()Mathieu Desnoyers
Impact: API *CHANGE*. Must update all tracepoint users. Add DEFINE_TRACE() to tracepoints to let them declare the tracepoint structure in a single spot for all the kernel. It helps reducing memory consumption, especially when declaring a lot of tracepoints, e.g. for kmalloc tracing. *API CHANGE WARNING*: now, DECLARE_TRACE() must be used in headers for tracepoint declarations rather than DEFINE_TRACE(). This is the sane way to do it. The name previously used was misleading. Updates scheduler instrumentation to follow this API change. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-16tracepoints: do not put arguments in nameMathieu Desnoyers
Impact: cleanup That's overkill, takes space. We have a global tracepoint registery in header files anyway. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-16tracepoints: use unregister return valueMathieu Desnoyers
Impact: bugfix. Unregistering a tracepoint can fail. Return the error value. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-16tracepoints: use rcu_*_sched_notraceMathieu Desnoyers
Make sure tracepoints can be called within ftrace callbacks. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-03tracepoint: introduce *_noupdate APIs.Lai Jiangshan
Impact: add new tracepoint APIs to allow the batched registration of probes new APIs separate tracepoint_probe_register(), tracepoint_probe_unregister() into 2 steps. The first step of them is just update tracepoint_entry, not connect or disconnect. this patch introduces tracepoint_probe_update_all() for update all. these APIs are very useful for registering lots of probes but just updating once. Another very important thing is that *_noupdate APIs do not require module_mutex. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-10-14tracepoints: synchronize unregister static inlineMathieu Desnoyers
Turn tracepoint synchronize unregister into a static inline. There is no reason to keep it as a macro over a static inline. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-10-14tracepoints: tracepoint_synchronize_unregister()Mathieu Desnoyers
Create tracepoint_synchronize_unregister() which must be called before the end of exit() to make sure every probe callers have exited the non preemptible section and thus are not executing the probe code anymore. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-10-14tracing: Kernel TracepointsMathieu Desnoyers
Implementation of kernel tracepoints. Inspired from the Linux Kernel Markers. Allows complete typing verification by declaring both tracing statement inline functions and probe registration/unregistration static inline functions within the same macro "DEFINE_TRACE". No format string is required. See the tracepoint Documentation and Samples patches for usage examples. Taken from the documentation patch : "A tracepoint placed in code provides a hook to call a function (probe) that you can provide at runtime. A tracepoint can be "on" (a probe is connected to it) or "off" (no probe is attached). When a tracepoint is "off" it has no effect, except for adding a tiny time penalty (checking a condition for a branch) and space penalty (adding a few bytes for the function call at the end of the instrumented function and adds a data structure in a separate section). When a tracepoint is "on", the function you provide is called each time the tracepoint is executed, in the execution context of the caller. When the function provided ends its execution, it returns to the caller (continuing from the tracepoint site). You can put tracepoints at important locations in the code. They are lightweight hooks that can pass an arbitrary number of parameters, which prototypes are described in a tracepoint declaration placed in a header file." Addition and removal of tracepoints is synchronized by RCU using the scheduler (and preempt_disable) as guarantees to find a quiescent state (this is really RCU "classic"). The update side uses rcu_barrier_sched() with call_rcu_sched() and the read/execute side uses "preempt_disable()/preempt_enable()". We make sure the previous array containing probes, which has been scheduled for deletion by the rcu callback, is indeed freed before we proceed to the next update. It therefore limits the rate of modification of a single tracepoint to one update per RCU period. The objective here is to permit fast batch add/removal of probes on _different_ tracepoints. Changelog : - Use #name ":" #proto as string to identify the tracepoint in the tracepoint table. This will make sure not type mismatch happens due to connexion of a probe with the wrong type to a tracepoint declared with the same name in a different header. - Add tracepoint_entry_free_old. - Change __TO_TRACE to get rid of the 'i' iterator. Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> : Tested on x86-64. Performance impact of a tracepoint : same as markers, except that it adds about 70 bytes of instructions in an unlikely branch of each instrumented function (the for loop, the stack setup and the function call). It currently adds a memory read, a test and a conditional branch at the instrumentation site (in the hot path). Immediate values will eventually change this into a load immediate, test and branch, which removes the memory read which will make the i-cache impact smaller (changing the memory read for a load immediate removes 3-4 bytes per site on x86_32 (depending on mov prefixes), or 7-8 bytes on x86_64, it also saves the d-cache hit). About the performance impact of tracepoints (which is comparable to markers), even without immediate values optimizations, tests done by Hideo Aoki on ia64 show no regression. His test case was using hackbench on a kernel where scheduler instrumentation (about 5 events in code scheduler code) was added. Quoting Hideo Aoki about Markers : I evaluated overhead of kernel marker using linux-2.6-sched-fixes git tree, which includes several markers for LTTng, using an ia64 server. While the immediate trace mark feature isn't implemented on ia64, there is no major performance regression. So, I think that we don't have any issues to propose merging marker point patches into Linus's tree from the viewpoint of performance impact. I prepared two kernels to evaluate. The first one was compiled without CONFIG_MARKERS. The second one was enabled CONFIG_MARKERS. I downloaded the original hackbench from the following URL: http://devresources.linux-foundation.org/craiger/hackbench/src/hackbench.c I ran hackbench 5 times in each condition and calculated the average and difference between the kernels. The parameter of hackbench: every 50 from 50 to 800 The number of CPUs of the server: 2, 4, and 8 Below is the results. As you can see, major performance regression wasn't found in any case. Even if number of processes increases, differences between marker-enabled kernel and marker- disabled kernel doesn't increase. Moreover, if number of CPUs increases, the differences doesn't increase either. Curiously, marker-enabled kernel is better than marker-disabled kernel in more than half cases, although I guess it comes from the difference of memory access pattern. * 2 CPUs Number of | without | with | diff | diff | processes | Marker [Sec] | Marker [Sec] | [Sec] | [%] | -------------------------------------------------------------- 50 | 4.811 | 4.872 | +0.061 | +1.27 | 100 | 9.854 | 10.309 | +0.454 | +4.61 | 150 | 15.602 | 15.040 | -0.562 | -3.6 | 200 | 20.489 | 20.380 | -0.109 | -0.53 | 250 | 25.798 | 25.652 | -0.146 | -0.56 | 300 | 31.260 | 30.797 | -0.463 | -1.48 | 350 | 36.121 | 35.770 | -0.351 | -0.97 | 400 | 42.288 | 42.102 | -0.186 | -0.44 | 450 | 47.778 | 47.253 | -0.526 | -1.1 | 500 | 51.953 | 52.278 | +0.325 | +0.63 | 550 | 58.401 | 57.700 | -0.701 | -1.2 | 600 | 63.334 | 63.222 | -0.112 | -0.18 | 650 | 68.816 | 68.511 | -0.306 | -0.44 | 700 | 74.667 | 74.088 | -0.579 | -0.78 | 750 | 78.612 | 79.582 | +0.970 | +1.23 | 800 | 85.431 | 85.263 | -0.168 | -0.2 | -------------------------------------------------------------- * 4 CPUs Number of | without | with | diff | diff | processes | Marker [Sec] | Marker [Sec] | [Sec] | [%] | -------------------------------------------------------------- 50 | 2.586 | 2.584 | -0.003 | -0.1 | 100 | 5.254 | 5.283 | +0.030 | +0.56 | 150 | 8.012 | 8.074 | +0.061 | +0.76 | 200 | 11.172 | 11.000 | -0.172 | -1.54 | 250 | 13.917 | 14.036 | +0.119 | +0.86 | 300 | 16.905 | 16.543 | -0.362 | -2.14 | 350 | 19.901 | 20.036 | +0.135 | +0.68 | 400 | 22.908 | 23.094 | +0.186 | +0.81 | 450 | 26.273 | 26.101 | -0.172 | -0.66 | 500 | 29.554 | 29.092 | -0.461 | -1.56 | 550 | 32.377 | 32.274 | -0.103 | -0.32 | 600 | 35.855 | 35.322 | -0.533 | -1.49 | 650 | 39.192 | 38.388 | -0.804 | -2.05 | 700 | 41.744 | 41.719 | -0.025 | -0.06 | 750 | 45.016 | 44.496 | -0.520 | -1.16 | 800 | 48.212 | 47.603 | -0.609 | -1.26 | -------------------------------------------------------------- * 8 CPUs Number of | without | with | diff | diff | processes | Marker [Sec] | Marker [Sec] | [Sec] | [%] | -------------------------------------------------------------- 50 | 2.094 | 2.072 | -0.022 | -1.07 | 100 | 4.162 | 4.273 | +0.111 | +2.66 | 150 | 6.485 | 6.540 | +0.055 | +0.84 | 200 | 8.556 | 8.478 | -0.078 | -0.91 | 250 | 10.458 | 10.258 | -0.200 | -1.91 | 300 | 12.425 | 12.750 | +0.325 | +2.62 | 350 | 14.807 | 14.839 | +0.032 | +0.22 | 400 | 16.801 | 16.959 | +0.158 | +0.94 | 450 | 19.478 | 19.009 | -0.470 | -2.41 | 500 | 21.296 | 21.504 | +0.208 | +0.98 | 550 | 23.842 | 23.979 | +0.137 | +0.57 | 600 | 26.309 | 26.111 | -0.198 | -0.75 | 650 | 28.705 | 28.446 | -0.259 | -0.9 | 700 | 31.233 | 31.394 | +0.161 | +0.52 | 750 | 34.064 | 33.720 | -0.344 | -1.01 | 800 | 36.320 | 36.114 | -0.206 | -0.57 | -------------------------------------------------------------- Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Acked-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> Acked-by: 'Peter Zijlstra' <peterz@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>