path: root/block/blk-core.c
AgeCommit message (Collapse)Author
2014-05-31blktrace: fix accounting of partially completed requestsRoman Pen
commit af5040da01ef980670b3741b3e10733ee3e33566 upstream. trace_block_rq_complete does not take into account that request can be partially completed, so we can get the following incorrect output of blkparser: C R 232 + 240 [0] C R 240 + 232 [0] C R 248 + 224 [0] C R 256 + 216 [0] but should be: C R 232 + 8 [0] C R 240 + 8 [0] C R 248 + 8 [0] C R 256 + 8 [0] Also, the whole output summary statistics of completed requests and final throughput will be incorrect. This patch takes into account real completion size of the request and fixes wrong completion accounting. Signed-off-by: Roman Pen <r.peniaev@gmail.com> CC: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> CC: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> CC: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2014-03-20block: free q->flush_rq in blk_init_allocated_queue error pathsDave Jones
Commit 7982e90c3a57 ("block: fix q->flush_rq NULL pointer crash on dm-mpath flush") moved an allocation to blk_init_allocated_queue(), but neglected to free that allocation on the error paths that follow. Signed-off-by: Dave Jones <davej@fedoraproject.org> Acked-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-03-08block: fix q->flush_rq NULL pointer crash on dm-mpath flushMike Snitzer
Commit 1874198 ("blk-mq: rework flush sequencing logic") switched ->flush_rq from being an embedded member of the request_queue structure to being dynamically allocated in blk_init_queue_node(). Request-based DM multipath doesn't use blk_init_queue_node(), instead it uses blk_alloc_queue_node() + blk_init_allocated_queue(). Because commit 1874198 placed the dynamic allocation of ->flush_rq in blk_init_queue_node() any flush issued to a dm-mpath device would crash with a NULL pointer, e.g.: BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at (null) IP: [<ffffffff8125037e>] blk_rq_init+0x1e/0xb0 PGD bb3c7067 PUD bb01d067 PMD 0 Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP ... CPU: 5 PID: 5028 Comm: dt Tainted: G W O 3.14.0-rc3.snitm+ #10 ... task: ffff88032fb270e0 ti: ffff880079564000 task.ti: ffff880079564000 RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8125037e>] [<ffffffff8125037e>] blk_rq_init+0x1e/0xb0 RSP: 0018:ffff880079565c98 EFLAGS: 00010046 RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000000000000030 RDX: ffff880260c74048 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: 0000000000000000 RBP: ffff880079565ca8 R08: ffff880260aa1e98 R09: 0000000000000001 R10: ffff88032fa78500 R11: 0000000000000246 R12: 0000000000000000 R13: ffff880260aa1de8 R14: 0000000000000650 R15: 0000000000000000 FS: 00007f8d36a2a700(0000) GS:ffff88033fca0000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033 CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 0000000079b36000 CR4: 00000000000007e0 Stack: 0000000000000000 ffff880260c74048 ffff880079565cd8 ffffffff81257a47 ffff880260aa1de8 ffff880260c74048 0000000000000001 0000000000000000 ffff880079565d08 ffffffff81257c2d 0000000000000000 ffff880260aa1de8 Call Trace: [<ffffffff81257a47>] blk_flush_complete_seq+0x2d7/0x2e0 [<ffffffff81257c2d>] blk_insert_flush+0x1dd/0x210 [<ffffffff8124ec59>] __elv_add_request+0x1f9/0x320 [<ffffffff81250681>] ? blk_account_io_start+0x111/0x190 [<ffffffff81253a4b>] blk_queue_bio+0x25b/0x330 [<ffffffffa0020bf5>] dm_request+0x35/0x40 [dm_mod] [<ffffffff812530c0>] generic_make_request+0xc0/0x100 [<ffffffff81253173>] submit_bio+0x73/0x140 [<ffffffff811becdd>] submit_bio_wait+0x5d/0x80 [<ffffffff81257528>] blkdev_issue_flush+0x78/0xa0 [<ffffffff811c1f6f>] blkdev_fsync+0x3f/0x60 [<ffffffff811b7fde>] vfs_fsync_range+0x1e/0x20 [<ffffffff811b7ffc>] vfs_fsync+0x1c/0x20 [<ffffffff811b81f1>] do_fsync+0x41/0x80 [<ffffffff8118874e>] ? SyS_lseek+0x7e/0x80 [<ffffffff811b8260>] SyS_fsync+0x10/0x20 [<ffffffff8154c2d2>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b Fix this by moving the ->flush_rq allocation from blk_init_queue_node() to blk_init_allocated_queue(). blk_init_queue_node() also calls blk_init_allocated_queue() so this change is functionality equivalent for all blk_init_queue_node() callers. Reported-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de> Reported-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2014-02-10blk-mq: rework flush sequencing logicChristoph Hellwig
Witch to using a preallocated flush_rq for blk-mq similar to what's done with the old request path. This allows us to set up the request properly with a tag from the actually allowed range and ->rq_disk as needed by some drivers. To make life easier we also switch to dynamic allocation of ->flush_rq for the old path. This effectively reverts most of "blk-mq: fix for flush deadlock" and "blk-mq: Don't reserve a tag for flush request" Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2014-02-07blk-mq: divert __blk_put_request for MQ opsChristoph Hellwig
__blk_put_request needs to call into the blk-mq code just like blk_put_request. As we don't have the queue lock in this case both end up calling the same function. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2013-12-31block: blk-mq: make blk_sync_queue support mqMing Lei
This patch moves synchronization on mq->delay_work from blk_mq_free_queue() to blk_sync_queue(), so that blk_sync_queue can work on mq. Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <tom.leiming@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-12-31block: blk-mq: support draining mq queueMing Lei
blk_mq_drain_queue() is introduced so that we can drain mq queue inside blk_cleanup_queue(). Also don't accept new requests any more if queue is marked as dying. Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Ming Lei <tom.leiming@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-11-23block: Convert bio_for_each_segment() to bvec_iterKent Overstreet
More prep work for immutable biovecs - with immutable bvecs drivers won't be able to use the biovec directly, they'll need to use helpers that take into account bio->bi_iter.bi_bvec_done. This updates callers for the new usage without changing the implementation yet. Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <kmo@daterainc.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: "Ed L. Cashin" <ecashin@coraid.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Lars Ellenberg <drbd-dev@lists.linbit.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Paul Clements <Paul.Clements@steeleye.com> Cc: Jim Paris <jim@jtan.com> Cc: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org> Cc: Yehuda Sadeh <yehuda@inktank.com> Cc: Sage Weil <sage@inktank.com> Cc: Alex Elder <elder@inktank.com> Cc: ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Joshua Morris <josh.h.morris@us.ibm.com> Cc: Philip Kelleher <pjk1939@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: linux390@de.ibm.com Cc: Nagalakshmi Nandigama <Nagalakshmi.Nandigama@lsi.com> Cc: Sreekanth Reddy <Sreekanth.Reddy@lsi.com> Cc: support@lsi.com Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <JBottomley@parallels.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Herton Ronaldo Krzesinski <herton.krzesinski@canonical.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Guo Chao <yan@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Asai Thambi S P <asamymuthupa@micron.com> Cc: Selvan Mani <smani@micron.com> Cc: Sam Bradshaw <sbradshaw@micron.com> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <matthew.r.wilcox@intel.com> Cc: Keith Busch <keith.busch@intel.com> Cc: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Cc: Quoc-Son Anh <quoc-sonx.anh@intel.com> Cc: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Jerome Marchand <jmarchan@redhat.com> Cc: Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: "Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Cc: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Cc: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@oracle.com> Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: linux-m68k@lists.linux-m68k.org Cc: linuxppc-dev@lists.ozlabs.org Cc: drbd-user@lists.linbit.com Cc: nbd-general@lists.sourceforge.net Cc: cbe-oss-dev@lists.ozlabs.org Cc: xen-devel@lists.xensource.com Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org Cc: linux-raid@vger.kernel.org Cc: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org Cc: DL-MPTFusionLinux@lsi.com Cc: linux-scsi@vger.kernel.org Cc: devel@driverdev.osuosl.org Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org Cc: cluster-devel@redhat.com Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Acked-by: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org>
2013-11-23block: Abstract out bvec iteratorKent Overstreet
Immutable biovecs are going to require an explicit iterator. To implement immutable bvecs, a later patch is going to add a bi_bvec_done member to this struct; for now, this patch effectively just renames things. Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <kmo@daterainc.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: "Ed L. Cashin" <ecashin@coraid.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk> Cc: Lars Ellenberg <drbd-dev@lists.linbit.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org> Cc: Yehuda Sadeh <yehuda@inktank.com> Cc: Sage Weil <sage@inktank.com> Cc: Alex Elder <elder@inktank.com> Cc: ceph-devel@vger.kernel.org Cc: Joshua Morris <josh.h.morris@us.ibm.com> Cc: Philip Kelleher <pjk1939@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Cc: Alasdair Kergon <agk@redhat.com> Cc: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com> Cc: dm-devel@redhat.com Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: linux390@de.ibm.com Cc: Boaz Harrosh <bharrosh@panasas.com> Cc: Benny Halevy <bhalevy@tonian.com> Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <JBottomley@parallels.com> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org> Cc: "Nicholas A. Bellinger" <nab@linux-iscsi.org> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@fusionio.com> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca> Cc: Jaegeuk Kim <jaegeuk.kim@samsung.com> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Dave Kleikamp <shaggy@kernel.org> Cc: Joern Engel <joern@logfs.org> Cc: Prasad Joshi <prasadjoshi.linux@gmail.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Cc: KONISHI Ryusuke <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.com> Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org> Cc: Ben Myers <bpm@sgi.com> Cc: xfs@oss.sgi.com Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com> Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Herton Ronaldo Krzesinski <herton.krzesinski@canonical.com> Cc: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Guo Chao <yan@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Asai Thambi S P <asamymuthupa@micron.com> Cc: Selvan Mani <smani@micron.com> Cc: Sam Bradshaw <sbradshaw@micron.com> Cc: Wei Yongjun <yongjun_wei@trendmicro.com.cn> Cc: "Roger Pau Monné" <roger.pau@citrix.com> Cc: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@suse.com> Cc: Stefano Stabellini <stefano.stabellini@eu.citrix.com> Cc: Ian Campbell <Ian.Campbell@citrix.com> Cc: Sebastian Ott <sebott@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Jiang Liu <jiang.liu@huawei.com> Cc: Nitin Gupta <ngupta@vflare.org> Cc: Jerome Marchand <jmarchand@redhat.com> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: Peng Tao <tao.peng@emc.com> Cc: Andy Adamson <andros@netapp.com> Cc: fanchaoting <fanchaoting@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Jie Liu <jeff.liu@oracle.com> Cc: Sunil Mushran <sunil.mushran@gmail.com> Cc: "Martin K. Petersen" <martin.petersen@oracle.com> Cc: Namjae Jeon <namjae.jeon@samsung.com> Cc: Pankaj Kumar <pankaj.km@samsung.com> Cc: Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@oracle.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>6
2013-11-08Merge branch 'blk-mq/core' into for-3.13/coreJens Axboe
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Conflicts: block/blk-timeout.c
2013-11-08block: Enable sysfs nomerge control for I/O requests in the plug listAlireza Haghdoost
This patch enables the sysfs to control I/O request merge functionality in the plug list. While this control has been implemented for the request queue, it was dismissed in the plug list. Therefore, block layer merges requests together (or attempt to merge) even if the merge capability was disable using sysfs nomerge parameter value 2. This limitation is directly affects functionality of io_submit() system call. The system call enables user to submit a bunch of IO requests from user space using struct iocb **ios input argument. However, the unconditioned merging functionality in the plug list potentially merges these requests together down the road. Therefore, there is no way to distinguish between an application sending bunch of sequential IOs and an application sending one big IO. Ultimately, all requests generated by the former app merge within the plug list together and looks similar to the second app. While the merging functionality is a desirable feature to improve the performance of IO subsystem for some applications, it is not useful for other application like ours at all. Signed-off-by: Alireza Haghdoost <alireza@cs.umn.edu> Reviewed-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Coding style modified. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-11-08elevator: Fix a race in elevator switching and md device initializationTomoki Sekiyama
The soft lockup below happens at the boot time of the system using dm multipath and the udev rules to switch scheduler. [ 356.127001] BUG: soft lockup - CPU#3 stuck for 22s! [sh:483] [ 356.127001] RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81072a7d>] [<ffffffff81072a7d>] lock_timer_base.isra.35+0x1d/0x50 ... [ 356.127001] Call Trace: [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff81073810>] try_to_del_timer_sync+0x20/0x70 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff8118b08a>] ? kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace+0x20a/0x230 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff810738b2>] del_timer_sync+0x52/0x60 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff812ece22>] cfq_exit_queue+0x32/0xf0 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff812c98df>] elevator_exit+0x2f/0x50 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff812c9f21>] elevator_change+0xf1/0x1c0 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff812caa50>] elv_iosched_store+0x20/0x50 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff812d1d09>] queue_attr_store+0x59/0xb0 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff812143f6>] sysfs_write_file+0xc6/0x140 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff811a326d>] vfs_write+0xbd/0x1e0 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff811a3ca9>] SyS_write+0x49/0xa0 [ 356.127001] [<ffffffff8164e899>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b This is caused by a race between md device initialization by multipathd and shell script to switch the scheduler using sysfs. - multipathd: SyS_ioctl -> do_vfs_ioctl -> dm_ctl_ioctl -> ctl_ioctl -> table_load -> dm_setup_md_queue -> blk_init_allocated_queue -> elevator_init q->elevator = elevator_alloc(q, e); // not yet initialized - sh -c 'echo deadline > /sys/$DEVPATH/queue/scheduler': elevator_switch (in the call trace above) struct elevator_queue *old = q->elevator; q->elevator = elevator_alloc(q, new_e); elevator_exit(old); // lockup! (*) - multipathd: (cont.) err = e->ops.elevator_init_fn(q); // init fails; q->elevator is modified (*) When del_timer_sync() is called, lock_timer_base() will loop infinitely while timer->base == NULL. In this case, as timer will never initialized, it results in lockup. This patch introduces acquisition of q->sysfs_lock around elevator_init() into blk_init_allocated_queue(), to provide mutual exclusion between initialization of the q->scheduler and switching of the scheduler. This should fix this bugzilla: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=902012 Signed-off-by: Tomoki Sekiyama <tomoki.sekiyama@hds.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-11-08blk-core: Fix memory corruption if blkcg_init_queue failsMikulas Patocka
If blkcg_init_queue fails, blk_alloc_queue_node doesn't call bdi_destroy to clean up structures allocated by the backing dev. ------------[ cut here ]------------ WARNING: at lib/debugobjects.c:260 debug_print_object+0x85/0xa0() ODEBUG: free active (active state 0) object type: percpu_counter hint: (null) Modules linked in: dm_loop dm_mod ip6table_filter ip6_tables uvesafb cfbcopyarea cfbimgblt cfbfillrect fbcon font bitblit fbcon_rotate fbcon_cw fbcon_ud fbcon_ccw softcursor fb fbdev ipt_MASQUERADE iptable_nat nf_nat_ipv4 msr nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 xt_state ipt_REJECT xt_tcpudp iptable_filter ip_tables x_tables bridge stp llc tun ipv6 cpufreq_userspace cpufreq_stats cpufreq_powersave cpufreq_ondemand cpufreq_conservative spadfs fuse hid_generic usbhid hid raid0 md_mod dmi_sysfs nf_nat_ftp nf_nat nf_conntrack_ftp nf_conntrack lm85 hwmon_vid snd_usb_audio snd_pcm_oss snd_mixer_oss snd_pcm snd_timer snd_page_alloc snd_hwdep snd_usbmidi_lib snd_rawmidi snd soundcore acpi_cpufreq freq_table mperf sata_svw serverworks kvm_amd ide_core ehci_pci ohci_hcd libata ehci_hcd kvm usbcore tg3 usb_common libphy k10temp pcspkr ptp i2c_piix4 i2c_core evdev microcode hwmon rtc_cmos pps_core e100 skge floppy mii processor button unix CPU: 0 PID: 2739 Comm: lvchange Tainted: G W 3.10.15-devel #14 Hardware name: empty empty/S3992-E, BIOS 'V1.06 ' 06/09/2009 0000000000000009 ffff88023c3c1ae8 ffffffff813c8fd4 ffff88023c3c1b20 ffffffff810399eb ffff88043d35cd58 ffffffff81651940 ffff88023c3c1bf8 ffffffff82479d90 0000000000000005 ffff88023c3c1b80 ffffffff81039a67 Call Trace: [<ffffffff813c8fd4>] dump_stack+0x19/0x1b [<ffffffff810399eb>] warn_slowpath_common+0x6b/0xa0 [<ffffffff81039a67>] warn_slowpath_fmt+0x47/0x50 [<ffffffff8122aaaf>] ? debug_check_no_obj_freed+0xcf/0x250 [<ffffffff81229a15>] debug_print_object+0x85/0xa0 [<ffffffff8122abe3>] debug_check_no_obj_freed+0x203/0x250 [<ffffffff8113c4ac>] kmem_cache_free+0x20c/0x3a0 [<ffffffff811f6709>] blk_alloc_queue_node+0x2a9/0x2c0 [<ffffffff811f672e>] blk_alloc_queue+0xe/0x10 [<ffffffffa04c0093>] dm_create+0x1a3/0x530 [dm_mod] [<ffffffffa04c6bb0>] ? list_version_get_info+0xe0/0xe0 [dm_mod] [<ffffffffa04c6c07>] dev_create+0x57/0x2b0 [dm_mod] [<ffffffffa04c6bb0>] ? list_version_get_info+0xe0/0xe0 [dm_mod] [<ffffffffa04c6bb0>] ? list_version_get_info+0xe0/0xe0 [dm_mod] [<ffffffffa04c6528>] ctl_ioctl+0x268/0x500 [dm_mod] [<ffffffff81097662>] ? get_lock_stats+0x22/0x70 [<ffffffffa04c67ce>] dm_ctl_ioctl+0xe/0x20 [dm_mod] [<ffffffff81161aad>] do_vfs_ioctl+0x2ed/0x520 [<ffffffff8116cfc7>] ? fget_light+0x377/0x4e0 [<ffffffff81161d2b>] SyS_ioctl+0x4b/0x90 [<ffffffff813cff16>] system_call_fastpath+0x1a/0x1f ---[ end trace 4b5ff0d55673d986 ]--- ------------[ cut here ]------------ This fix should be backported to stable kernels starting with 2.6.37. Note that in the kernels prior to 3.5 the affected code is different, but the bug is still there - bdi_init is called and bdi_destroy isn't. Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: stable@kernel.org # 2.6.37+ Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-11-08block: fix race between request completion and timeout handlingJeff Moyer
crocode i2c_i801 i2c_core iTCO_wdt iTCO_vendor_support shpchp ioatdma dca be2net sg ses enclosure ext4 mbcache jbd2 sd_mod crc_t10dif ahci megaraid_sas(U) dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log dm_mod [last unloaded: scsi_wait_scan] Pid: 491, comm: scsi_eh_0 Tainted: G W ---------------- 2.6.32-220.13.1.el6.x86_64 #1 IBM -[8722PAX]-/00D1461 RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8124e424>] [<ffffffff8124e424>] blk_requeue_request+0x94/0xa0 RSP: 0018:ffff881057eefd60 EFLAGS: 00010012 RAX: ffff881d99e3e8a8 RBX: ffff881d99e3e780 RCX: ffff881d99e3e8a8 RDX: ffff881d99e3e8a8 RSI: ffff881d99e3e780 RDI: ffff881d99e3e780 RBP: ffff881057eefd80 R08: ffff881057eefe90 R09: 0000000000000000 R10: 0000000000000000 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff881057f92338 R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff881057f92338 R15: ffff883058188000 FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff880040200000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0018 ES: 0018 CR0: 000000008005003b CR2: 00000000006d3ec0 CR3: 000000302cd7d000 CR4: 00000000000406b0 DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 Process scsi_eh_0 (pid: 491, threadinfo ffff881057eee000, task ffff881057e29540) Stack: 0000000000001057 0000000000000286 ffff8810275efdc0 ffff881057f16000 <0> ffff881057eefdd0 ffffffff81362323 ffff881057eefe20 ffffffff8135f393 <0> ffff881057e29af8 ffff8810275efdc0 ffff881057eefe78 ffff881057eefe90 Call Trace: [<ffffffff81362323>] __scsi_queue_insert+0xa3/0x150 [<ffffffff8135f393>] ? scsi_eh_ready_devs+0x5e3/0x850 [<ffffffff81362a23>] scsi_queue_insert+0x13/0x20 [<ffffffff8135e4d4>] scsi_eh_flush_done_q+0x104/0x160 [<ffffffff8135fb6b>] scsi_error_handler+0x35b/0x660 [<ffffffff8135f810>] ? scsi_error_handler+0x0/0x660 [<ffffffff810908c6>] kthread+0x96/0xa0 [<ffffffff8100c14a>] child_rip+0xa/0x20 [<ffffffff81090830>] ? kthread+0x0/0xa0 [<ffffffff8100c140>] ? child_rip+0x0/0x20 Code: 00 00 eb d1 4c 8b 2d 3c 8f 97 00 4d 85 ed 74 bf 49 8b 45 00 49 83 c5 08 48 89 de 4c 89 e7 ff d0 49 8b 45 00 48 85 c0 75 eb eb a4 <0f> 0b eb fe 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 55 48 89 e5 0f 1f 44 00 00 RIP [<ffffffff8124e424>] blk_requeue_request+0x94/0xa0 RSP <ffff881057eefd60> The RIP is this line: BUG_ON(blk_queued_rq(rq)); After digging through the code, I think there may be a race between the request completion and the timer handler running. A timer is started for each request put on the device's queue (see blk_start_request->blk_add_timer). If the request does not complete before the timer expires, the timer handler (blk_rq_timed_out_timer) will mark the request complete atomically: static inline int blk_mark_rq_complete(struct request *rq) { return test_and_set_bit(REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE, &rq->atomic_flags); } and then call blk_rq_timed_out. The latter function will call scsi_times_out, which will return one of BLK_EH_HANDLED, BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER or BLK_EH_NOT_HANDLED. If BLK_EH_RESET_TIMER is returned, blk_clear_rq_complete is called, and blk_add_timer is again called to simply wait longer for the request to complete. Now, if the request happens to complete while this is going on, what happens? Given that we know the completion handler will bail if it finds the REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE bit set, we need to focus on the completion handler running after that bit is cleared. So, from the above paragraph, after the call to blk_clear_rq_complete. If the completion sets REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE before the BUG_ON in blk_add_timer, we go boom there (I haven't seen this in the cores). Next, if we get the completion before the call to list_add_tail, then the timer will eventually fire for an old req, which may either be freed or reallocated (there is evidence that this might be the case). Finally, if the completion comes in *after* the addition to the timeout list, I think it's harmless. The request will be removed from the timeout list, req_atom_complete will be set, and all will be well. This will only actually explain the coredumps *IF* the request structure was freed, reallocated *and* queued before the error handler thread had a chance to process it. That is possible, but it may make sense to keep digging for another race. I think that if this is what was happening, we would see other instances of this problem showing up as null pointer or garbage pointer dereferences, for example when the request structure was not re-used. It looks like we actually do run into that situation in other reports. This patch moves the BUG_ON(test_bit(REQ_ATOM_COMPLETE, &req->atomic_flags)); from blk_add_timer to the only caller that could trip over it (blk_start_request). It then inverts the calls to blk_clear_rq_complete and blk_add_timer in blk_rq_timed_out to address the race. I've boot tested this patch, but nothing more. Signed-off-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Acked-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-10-29blk-mq: mq plug list breakageShaohua Li
We switched to plug mq_list for mq, but some code are still using old list. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-10-28blk-mq: fix for flush deadlockChristoph Hellwig
The flush state machine takes in a struct request, which then is submitted multiple times to the underling driver. The old block code requeses the same request for each of those, so it does not have an issue with tapping into the request pool. The new one on the other hand allocates a new request for each of the actualy steps of the flush sequence. If have already allocated all of the tags for IO, we will fail allocating the flush request. Set aside a reserved request just for flushes. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-10-25blk-mq: new multi-queue block IO queueing mechanismJens Axboe
Linux currently has two models for block devices: - The classic request_fn based approach, where drivers use struct request units for IO. The block layer provides various helper functionalities to let drivers share code, things like tag management, timeout handling, queueing, etc. - The "stacked" approach, where a driver squeezes in between the block layer and IO submitter. Since this bypasses the IO stack, driver generally have to manage everything themselves. With drivers being written for new high IOPS devices, the classic request_fn based driver doesn't work well enough. The design dates back to when both SMP and high IOPS was rare. It has problems with scaling to bigger machines, and runs into scaling issues even on smaller machines when you have IOPS in the hundreds of thousands per device. The stacked approach is then most often selected as the model for the driver. But this means that everybody has to re-invent everything, and along with that we get all the problems again that the shared approach solved. This commit introduces blk-mq, block multi queue support. The design is centered around per-cpu queues for queueing IO, which then funnel down into x number of hardware submission queues. We might have a 1:1 mapping between the two, or it might be an N:M mapping. That all depends on what the hardware supports. blk-mq provides various helper functions, which include: - Scalable support for request tagging. Most devices need to be able to uniquely identify a request both in the driver and to the hardware. The tagging uses per-cpu caches for freed tags, to enable cache hot reuse. - Timeout handling without tracking request on a per-device basis. Basically the driver should be able to get a notification, if a request happens to fail. - Optional support for non 1:1 mappings between issue and submission queues. blk-mq can redirect IO completions to the desired location. - Support for per-request payloads. Drivers almost always need to associate a request structure with some driver private command structure. Drivers can tell blk-mq this at init time, and then any request handed to the driver will have the required size of memory associated with it. - Support for merging of IO, and plugging. The stacked model gets neither of these. Even for high IOPS devices, merging sequential IO reduces per-command overhead and thus increases bandwidth. For now, this is provided as a potential 3rd queueing model, with the hope being that, as it matures, it can replace both the classic and stacked model. That would get us back to having just 1 real model for block devices, leaving the stacked approach to dm/md devices (as it was originally intended). Contributions in this patch from the following people: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com> Alexander Gordeev <agordeev@redhat.com> Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Matias Bjorling <m@bjorling.me> Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Acked-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-10-25block: remove request ref_countChristoph Hellwig
This reference count has been around since before git history, but the only place where it's used is in blk_execute_rq, and ther it is entirely useless as it is incremented before submitting the request and decremented in the end_io handler before waking up the submitter thread. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-10-25block: make rq->cmd_flags be 64-bitJens Axboe
We have officially run out of flags in a 32-bit space. Extend it to 64-bit even on 32-bit archs. Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-09-22Merge branch 'for-3.12/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block IO fixes from Jens Axboe: "After merge window, no new stuff this time only a collection of neatly confined and simple fixes" * 'for-3.12/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: cfq: explicitly use 64bit divide operation for 64bit arguments block: Add nr_bios to block_rq_remap tracepoint If the queue is dying then we only call the rq->end_io callout. This leaves bios setup on the request, because the caller assumes when the blk_execute_rq_nowait/blk_execute_rq call has completed that the rq->bios have been cleaned up. bio-integrity: Fix use of bs->bio_integrity_pool after free blkcg: relocate root_blkg setting and clearing block: Convert kmalloc_node(...GFP_ZERO...) to kzalloc_node(...) block: trace all devices plug operation
2013-09-11block: trace all devices plug operationJianpeng Ma
In func blk_queue_bio, if list of plug is empty,it will call blk_trace_plug. If process deal with a single device,it't ok.But if process deal with multi devices,it only trace the first device. Using request_count to judge, it can soleve this problem. In addition, i modify the comment. Signed-off-by: Jianpeng Ma <majianpeng@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-08-23[SCSI] Return ENODATA on medium errorHannes Reinecke
When a medium error is detected the SCSI stack should return ENODATA to the upper layers. [jejb: fix whitespace error] Signed-off-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de> Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com>
2013-08-23[SCSI] return ENOSPC on thin provisioning failureHannes Reinecke
When the thin provisioning hard threshold is reached we should return ENOSPC to inform upper layers about this fact. Signed-off-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de> Signed-off-by: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com>
2013-07-03Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux Pull s390 updates from Martin Schwidefsky: "This is the bulk of the s390 patches for the 3.11 merge window. Notable enhancements are: the block timeout patches for dasd from Hannes, and more work on the PCI support front. In addition some cleanup and the usual bug fixing." * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/s390/linux: (42 commits) s390/dasd: Fail all requests when DASD_FLAG_ABORTIO is set s390/dasd: Add 'timeout' attribute block: check for timeout function in blk_rq_timed_out() block/dasd: detailed I/O errors s390/dasd: Reduce amount of messages for specific errors s390/dasd: Implement block timeout handling s390/dasd: process all requests in the device tasklet s390/dasd: make number of retries configurable s390/dasd: Clarify comment s390/hwsampler: Updated misleading member names in hws_data_entry s390/appldata_net_sum: do not use static data s390/appldata_mem: do not use static data s390/vmwatchdog: do not use static data s390/airq: simplify adapter interrupt code s390/pci: remove per device debug attribute s390/dma: remove gratuitous brackets s390/facility: decompose test_facility() s390/sclp: remove duplicated include from sclp_ctl.c s390/irq: store interrupt information in pt_regs s390/drivers: Cocci spatch "ptr_ret.spatch" ...
2013-07-02Merge branch 'for-3.11' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/wqLinus Torvalds
Pull workqueue changes from Tejun Heo: "Surprisingly, Lai and I didn't break too many things implementing custom pools and stuff last time around and there aren't any follow-up changes necessary at this point. The only change in this pull request is Viresh's patches to make some per-cpu workqueues to behave as unbound workqueues dependent on a boot param whose default can be configured via a config option. This leads to higher processing overhead / lower bandwidth as more work items are bounced across CPUs; however, it can lead to noticeable powersave in certain configurations - ~10% w/ idlish constant workload on a big.LITTLE configuration according to Viresh. This is because per-cpu workqueues interfere with how the scheduler perceives whether or not each CPU is idle by forcing pinned tasks on them, which makes the scheduler's power-aware scheduling decisions less effective. Its effectiveness is likely less pronounced on homogenous configurations and this type of optimization can probably be made automatic; however, the changes are pretty minimal and the affected workqueues are clearly marked, so it's an easy gain for some configurations for the time being with pretty unintrusive changes." * 'for-3.11' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/wq: fbcon: queue work on power efficient wq block: queue work on power efficient wq PHYLIB: queue work on system_power_efficient_wq workqueue: Add system wide power_efficient workqueues workqueues: Introduce new flag WQ_POWER_EFFICIENT for power oriented workqueues
2013-07-01block/dasd: detailed I/O errorsHannes Reinecke
The DASD driver is using FASTFAIL as an equivalent to the transport errors in SCSI. And the 'steal lock' function maps roughly to a reservation error. So we should be returning the appropriate error codes when completing a request. Acked-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Hannes Reinecke <hare@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Stefan Weinhuber <wein@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
2013-05-17blkpm: avoid sleep when holding queue lockAaron Lu
In blk_post_runtime_resume, an autosuspend request will be initiated for the device. Since we are holding the queue lock, we can't sleep and thus we should use the async version to initiate an autosuspend, i.e. pm_request_suspend instead of pm_runtime_suspend, which might sleep. Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-05-14block: queue work on power efficient wqViresh Kumar
Block layer uses workqueues for multiple purposes. There is no real dependency of scheduling these on the cpu which scheduled them. On a idle system, it is observed that and idle cpu wakes up many times just to service this work. It would be better if we can schedule it on a cpu which the scheduler believes to be the most appropriate one. This patch replaces normal workqueues with power efficient versions. Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
2013-05-08Merge branch 'for-3.10/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block core updates from Jens Axboe: - Major bit is Kents prep work for immutable bio vecs. - Stable candidate fix for a scheduling-while-atomic in the queue bypass operation. - Fix for the hang on exceeded rq->datalen 32-bit unsigned when merging discard bios. - Tejuns changes to convert the writeback thread pool to the generic workqueue mechanism. - Runtime PM framework, SCSI patches exists on top of these in James' tree. - A few random fixes. * 'for-3.10/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (40 commits) relay: move remove_buf_file inside relay_close_buf partitions/efi.c: replace useless kzalloc's by kmalloc's fs/block_dev.c: fix iov_shorten() criteria in blkdev_aio_read() block: fix max discard sectors limit blkcg: fix "scheduling while atomic" in blk_queue_bypass_start Documentation: cfq-iosched: update documentation help for cfq tunables writeback: expose the bdi_wq workqueue writeback: replace custom worker pool implementation with unbound workqueue writeback: remove unused bdi_pending_list aoe: Fix unitialized var usage bio-integrity: Add explicit field for owner of bip_buf block: Add an explicit bio flag for bios that own their bvec block: Add bio_alloc_pages() block: Convert some code to bio_for_each_segment_all() block: Add bio_for_each_segment_all() bounce: Refactor __blk_queue_bounce to not use bi_io_vec raid1: use bio_copy_data() pktcdvd: Use bio_reset() in disabled code to kill bi_idx usage pktcdvd: use bio_copy_data() block: Add bio_copy_data() ...
2013-04-18Revert "block: add missing block_bio_complete() tracepoint"Linus Torvalds
This reverts commit 3a366e614d0837d9fc23f78cdb1a1186ebc3387f. Wanlong Gao reports that it causes a kernel panic on his machine several minutes after boot. Reverting it removes the panic. Jens says: "It's not quite clear why that is yet, so I think we should just revert the commit for 3.9 final (which I'm assuming is pretty close). The wifi is crap at the LSF hotel, so sending this email instead of queueing up a revert and pull request." Reported-by: Wanlong Gao <gaowanlong@cn.fujitsu.com> Requested-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-24Merge branch 'for-jens' of http://evilpiepirate.org/git/linux-bcache into ↵Jens Axboe
for-3.10/core This contains Kents prep work for the immutable bio_vecs.
2013-03-23block: Add bio_end_sector()Kent Overstreet
Just a little convenience macro - main reason to add it now is preparing for immutable bio vecs, it'll reduce the size of the patch that puts bi_sector/bi_size/bi_idx into a struct bvec_iter. Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> CC: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> CC: Lars Ellenberg <drbd-dev@lists.linbit.com> CC: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> CC: Alasdair Kergon <agk@redhat.com> CC: dm-devel@redhat.com CC: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> CC: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> CC: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> CC: linux-s390@vger.kernel.org CC: Chris Mason <chris.mason@fusionio.com> CC: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Acked-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com>
2013-03-23block: Refactor blk_update_request()Kent Overstreet
Converts it to use bio_advance(), simplifying it quite a bit in the process. Note that req_bio_endio() now always calls bio_advance() - which means it always loops over the biovec, not just on partial completions. Don't expect it to affect performance, but worth noting. Tested it by forcing partial updates, and dumping before and after on various bio/bvec fields when doing a partial update. Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> CC: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-03-22block: implement runtime pm strategyLin Ming
When a request is added: If device is suspended or is suspending and the request is not a PM request, resume the device. When the last request finishes: Call pm_runtime_mark_last_busy(). When pick a request: If device is resuming/suspending, then only PM request is allowed to go. The idea and API is designed by Alan Stern and described here: http://marc.info/?l=linux-scsi&m=133727953625963&w=2 Signed-off-by: Lin Ming <ming.m.lin@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Acked-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-03-22block: add runtime pm helpersLin Ming
Add runtime pm helper functions: void blk_pm_runtime_init(struct request_queue *q, struct device *dev) - Initialization function for drivers to call. int blk_pre_runtime_suspend(struct request_queue *q) - If any requests are in the queue, mark last busy and return -EBUSY. Otherwise set q->rpm_status to RPM_SUSPENDING and return 0. void blk_post_runtime_suspend(struct request_queue *q, int err) - If the suspend succeeded then set q->rpm_status to RPM_SUSPENDED. Otherwise set it to RPM_ACTIVE and mark last busy. void blk_pre_runtime_resume(struct request_queue *q) - Set q->rpm_status to RPM_RESUMING. void blk_post_runtime_resume(struct request_queue *q, int err) - If the resume succeeded then set q->rpm_status to RPM_ACTIVE and call __blk_run_queue, then mark last busy and autosuspend. Otherwise set q->rpm_status to RPM_SUSPENDED. The idea and API is designed by Alan Stern and described here: http://marc.info/?l=linux-scsi&m=133727953625963&w=2 Signed-off-by: Lin Ming <ming.m.lin@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Aaron Lu <aaron.lu@intel.com> Acked-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-02-28Merge branch 'for-3.9/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block IO core bits from Jens Axboe: "Below are the core block IO bits for 3.9. It was delayed a few days since my workstation kept crashing every 2-8h after pulling it into current -git, but turns out it is a bug in the new pstate code (divide by zero, will report separately). In any case, it contains: - The big cfq/blkcg update from Tejun and and Vivek. - Additional block and writeback tracepoints from Tejun. - Improvement of the should sort (based on queues) logic in the plug flushing. - _io() variants of the wait_for_completion() interface, using io_schedule() instead of schedule() to contribute to io wait properly. - Various little fixes. You'll get two trivial merge conflicts, which should be easy enough to fix up" Fix up the trivial conflicts due to hlist traversal cleanups (commit b67bfe0d42ca: "hlist: drop the node parameter from iterators"). * 'for-3.9/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (39 commits) block: remove redundant check to bd_openers() block: use i_size_write() in bd_set_size() cfq: fix lock imbalance with failed allocations drivers/block/swim3.c: fix null pointer dereference block: don't select PERCPU_RWSEM block: account iowait time when waiting for completion of IO request sched: add wait_for_completion_io[_timeout] writeback: add more tracepoints block: add block_{touch|dirty}_buffer tracepoint buffer: make touch_buffer() an exported function block: add @req to bio_{front|back}_merge tracepoints block: add missing block_bio_complete() tracepoint block: Remove should_sort judgement when flush blk_plug block,elevator: use new hashtable implementation cfq-iosched: add hierarchical cfq_group statistics cfq-iosched: collect stats from dead cfqgs cfq-iosched: separate out cfqg_stats_reset() from cfq_pd_reset_stats() blkcg: make blkcg_print_blkgs() grab q locks instead of blkcg lock block: RCU free request_queue blkcg: implement blkg_[rw]stat_recursive_sum() and blkg_[rw]stat_merge() ...
2013-02-21block: optionally snapshot page contents to provide stable pages during writeDarrick J. Wong
This provides a band-aid to provide stable page writes on jbd without needing to backport the fixed locking and page writeback bit handling schemes of jbd2. The band-aid works by using bounce buffers to snapshot page contents instead of waiting. For those wondering about the ext3 bandage -- fixing the jbd locking (which was done as part of ext4dev years ago) is a lot of surgery, and setting PG_writeback on data pages when we actually hold the page lock dropped ext3 performance by nearly an order of magnitude. If we're going to migrate iscsi and raid to use stable page writes, the complaints about high latency will likely return. We might as well centralize their page snapshotting thing to one place. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@oracle.com> Tested-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <dedekind1@gmail.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.com> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Eric Van Hensbergen <ericvh@gmail.com> Cc: Ron Minnich <rminnich@sandia.gov> Cc: Latchesar Ionkov <lucho@ionkov.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-01-14block: add @req to bio_{front|back}_merge tracepointsTejun Heo
bio_{front|back}_merge tracepoints report a bio merging into an existing request but didn't specify which request the bio is being merged into. Add @req to it. This makes it impossible to share the event template with block_bio_queue - split it out. @req isn't used or exported to userland at this point and there is no userland visible behavior change. Later changes will make use of the extra parameter. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-01-14block: add missing block_bio_complete() tracepointTejun Heo
bio completion didn't kick block_bio_complete TP. Only dm was explicitly triggering the TP on IO completion. This makes block_bio_complete TP useless for tracers which want to know about bios, and all other bio based drivers skip generating blktrace completion events. This patch makes all bio completions via bio_endio() generate block_bio_complete TP. * Explicit trace_block_bio_complete() invocation removed from dm and the trace point is unexported. * @rq dropped from trace_block_bio_complete(). bios may fly around w/o queue associated. Verifying and accessing the assocaited queue belongs to TP probes. * blktrace now gets both request and bio completions. Make it ignore bio completions if request completion path is happening. This makes all bio based drivers generate blktrace completion events properly and makes the block_bio_complete TP actually useful. v2: With this change, block_bio_complete TP could be invoked on sg commands which have bio's with %NULL bi_bdev. Update TP assignment code to check whether bio->bi_bdev is %NULL before dereferencing. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Original-patch-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Cc: Alasdair Kergon <agk@redhat.com> Cc: dm-devel@redhat.com Cc: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2013-01-11block: Remove should_sort judgement when flush blk_plugJianpeng Ma
In commit 975927b942c932,it add blk_rq_pos to sort rq when flushing. Although this commit was used for the situation which blk_plug handled multi devices on the same time like md device. I think there must be some situations like this but only single device. So remove the should_sort judgement. Because the parameter should_sort is only for this purpose,it can delete should_sort from blk_plug. CC: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jianpeng Ma <majianpeng@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-14block: export block_unplug tracepointNeilBrown
This allows stacked devices (like md/raid5) to provide blktrace tracing, including unplug events. Reported-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Make blk_cleanup_queue() wait until request_fn finishedBart Van Assche
Some request_fn implementations, e.g. scsi_request_fn(), unlock the queue lock internally. This may result in multiple threads executing request_fn for the same queue simultaneously. Keep track of the number of active request_fn calls and make sure that blk_cleanup_queue() waits until all active request_fn invocations have finished. A block driver may start cleaning up resources needed by its request_fn as soon as blk_cleanup_queue() finished, so blk_cleanup_queue() must wait for all outstanding request_fn invocations to finish. Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Reported-by: Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Avoid scheduling delayed work on a dead queueBart Van Assche
Running a queue must continue after it has been marked dying until it has been marked dead. So the function blk_run_queue_async() must not schedule delayed work after blk_cleanup_queue() has marked a queue dead. Hence add a test for that queue state in blk_run_queue_async() and make sure that queue_unplugged() invokes that function with the queue lock held. This avoids that the queue state can change after it has been tested and before mod_delayed_work() is invoked. Drop the queue dying test in queue_unplugged() since it is now superfluous: __blk_run_queue() already tests whether or not the queue is dead. Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Avoid that request_fn is invoked on a dead queueBart Van Assche
A block driver may start cleaning up resources needed by its request_fn as soon as blk_cleanup_queue() finished, so request_fn must not be invoked after draining finished. This is important when blk_run_queue() is invoked without any requests in progress. As an example, if blk_drain_queue() and scsi_run_queue() run in parallel, blk_drain_queue() may have finished all requests after scsi_run_queue() has taken a SCSI device off the starved list but before that last function has had a chance to run the queue. Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Let blk_drain_queue() caller obtain the queue lockBart Van Assche
Let the caller of blk_drain_queue() obtain the queue lock to improve readability of the patch called "Avoid that request_fn is invoked on a dead queue". Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-12-06block: Rename queue dead flagBart Van Assche
QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD is used to indicate that queuing new requests must stop. After this flag has been set queue draining starts. However, during the queue draining phase it is still safe to invoke the queue's request_fn, so QUEUE_FLAG_DYING is a better name for this flag. This patch has been generated by running the following command over the kernel source tree: git grep -lEw 'blk_queue_dead|QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD' | xargs sed -i.tmp -e 's/blk_queue_dead/blk_queue_dying/g' \ -e 's/QUEUE_FLAG_DEAD/QUEUE_FLAG_DYING/g'; \ sed -i.tmp -e "s/QUEUE_FLAG_DYING$(printf \\t)*5/QUEUE_FLAG_DYING$(printf \\t)5/g" \ include/linux/blkdev.h; \ sed -i.tmp -e 's/ DEAD/ DYING/g' -e 's/dead queue/a dying queue/' \ -e 's/Dead queue/A dying queue/' block/blk-core.c Signed-off-by: Bart Van Assche <bvanassche@acm.org> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: James Bottomley <JBottomley@Parallels.com> Cc: Mike Christie <michaelc@cs.wisc.edu> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Chanho Min <chanho.min@lge.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-11-10block: use NUMA_NO_NODE instead of -1Ezequiel Garcia
Signed-off-by: Ezequiel Garcia <elezegarcia@gmail.com> Modified by me to cover blk_init_queue() as well. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-10-25block: Add blk_rq_pos(rq) to sort rq when plushingJianpeng Ma
My workload is a raid5 which had 16 disks. And used our filesystem to write using direct-io mode. I used the blktrace to find those message: 8,16 0 6647 2.453665504 2579 M W 7493152 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6648 2.453672411 2579 Q W 7493160 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6649 2.453672606 2579 M W 7493160 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6650 2.453679255 2579 Q W 7493168 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6651 2.453679441 2579 M W 7493168 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6652 2.453685948 2579 Q W 7493176 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6653 2.453686149 2579 M W 7493176 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6654 2.453693074 2579 Q W 7493184 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6655 2.453693254 2579 M W 7493184 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6656 2.453704290 2579 Q W 7493192 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6657 2.453704482 2579 M W 7493192 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6658 2.453715016 2579 Q W 7493200 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6659 2.453715247 2579 M W 7493200 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6660 2.453721730 2579 Q W 7493208 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6661 2.453721974 2579 M W 7493208 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6662 2.453728202 2579 Q W 7493216 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6663 2.453728436 2579 M W 7493216 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6664 2.453734782 2579 Q W 7493224 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6665 2.453735019 2579 M W 7493224 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6666 2.453741401 2579 Q W 7493232 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6667 2.453741632 2579 M W 7493232 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6668 2.453748148 2579 Q W 7493240 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6669 2.453748386 2579 M W 7493240 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6670 2.453851843 2579 I W 7493144 + 104 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 0 2.453853661 0 m N cfq2579 insert_request 8,16 0 6671 2.453854064 2579 I W 7493120 + 24 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 0 2.453854439 0 m N cfq2579 insert_request 8,16 0 6672 2.453854793 2579 U N [md0_raid5] 2 8,16 0 0 2.453855513 0 m N cfq2579 Not idling.st->count:1 8,16 0 0 2.453855927 0 m N cfq2579 dispatch_insert 8,16 0 0 2.453861771 0 m N cfq2579 dispatched a request 8,16 0 0 2.453862248 0 m N cfq2579 activate rq,drv=1 8,16 0 6673 2.453862332 2579 D W 7493120 + 24 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 0 2.453865957 0 m N cfq2579 Not idling.st->count:1 8,16 0 0 2.453866269 0 m N cfq2579 dispatch_insert 8,16 0 0 2.453866707 0 m N cfq2579 dispatched a request 8,16 0 0 2.453867061 0 m N cfq2579 activate rq,drv=2 8,16 0 6674 2.453867145 2579 D W 7493144 + 104 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6675 2.454147608 0 C W 7493120 + 24 [0] 8,16 0 0 2.454149357 0 m N cfq2579 complete rqnoidle 0 8,16 0 6676 2.454791505 0 C W 7493144 + 104 [0] 8,16 0 0 2.454794803 0 m N cfq2579 complete rqnoidle 0 8,16 0 0 2.454795160 0 m N cfq schedule dispatch From above messages,we can find rq[W 7493144 + 104] and rq[W 7493120 + 24] do not merge. Because the bio order is: 8,16 0 6638 2.453619407 2579 Q W 7493144 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6639 2.453620460 2579 G W 7493144 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6640 2.453639311 2579 Q W 7493120 + 8 [md0_raid5] 8,16 0 6641 2.453639842 2579 G W 7493120 + 8 [md0_raid5] The bio(7493144) first and bio(7493120) later.So the subsequent bios will be divided into two parts. When flushing plug-list,because elv_attempt_insert_merge only support backmerge,not supporting frontmerge. So rq[7493120 + 24] can't merge with rq[7493144 + 104]. From my test,i found those situation can count 25% in our system. Using this patch, there is no this situation. Signed-off-by: Jianpeng Ma <majianpeng@gmail.com> CC:Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-10-11Merge branch 'for-3.7/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds
Pull block IO update from Jens Axboe: "Core block IO bits for 3.7. Not a huge round this time, it contains: - First series from Kent cleaning up and generalizing bio allocation and freeing. - WRITE_SAME support from Martin. - Mikulas patches to prevent O_DIRECT crashes when someone changes the block size of a device. - Make bio_split() work on data-less bio's (like trim/discards). - A few other minor fixups." Fixed up silent semantic mis-merge as per Mikulas Patocka and Andrew Morton. It is due to the VM no longer using a prio-tree (see commit 6b2dbba8b6ac: "mm: replace vma prio_tree with an interval tree"). So make set_blocksize() use mapping_mapped() instead of open-coding the internal VM knowledge that has changed. * 'for-3.7/core' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (26 commits) block: makes bio_split support bio without data scatterlist: refactor the sg_nents scatterlist: add sg_nents fs: fix include/percpu-rwsem.h export error percpu-rw-semaphore: fix documentation typos fs/block_dev.c:1644:5: sparse: symbol 'blkdev_mmap' was not declared blockdev: turn a rw semaphore into a percpu rw semaphore Fix a crash when block device is read and block size is changed at the same time block: fix request_queue->flags initialization block: lift the initial queue bypass mode on blk_register_queue() instead of blk_init_allocated_queue() block: ioctl to zero block ranges block: Make blkdev_issue_zeroout use WRITE SAME block: Implement support for WRITE SAME block: Consolidate command flag and queue limit checks for merges block: Clean up special command handling logic block/blk-tag.c: Remove useless kfree block: remove the duplicated setting for congestion_threshold block: reject invalid queue attribute values block: Add bio_clone_bioset(), bio_clone_kmalloc() block: Consolidate bio_alloc_bioset(), bio_kmalloc() ...
2012-10-02Merge branch 'for-3.7' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/wqLinus Torvalds
Pull workqueue changes from Tejun Heo: "This is workqueue updates for v3.7-rc1. A lot of activities this round including considerable API and behavior cleanups. * delayed_work combines a timer and a work item. The handling of the timer part has always been a bit clunky leading to confusing cancelation API with weird corner-case behaviors. delayed_work is updated to use new IRQ safe timer and cancelation now works as expected. * Another deficiency of delayed_work was lack of the counterpart of mod_timer() which led to cancel+queue combinations or open-coded timer+work usages. mod_delayed_work[_on]() are added. These two delayed_work changes make delayed_work provide interface and behave like timer which is executed with process context. * A work item could be executed concurrently on multiple CPUs, which is rather unintuitive and made flush_work() behavior confusing and half-broken under certain circumstances. This problem doesn't exist for non-reentrant workqueues. While non-reentrancy check isn't free, the overhead is incurred only when a work item bounces across different CPUs and even in simulated pathological scenario the overhead isn't too high. All workqueues are made non-reentrant. This removes the distinction between flush_[delayed_]work() and flush_[delayed_]_work_sync(). The former is now as strong as the latter and the specified work item is guaranteed to have finished execution of any previous queueing on return. * In addition to the various bug fixes, Lai redid and simplified CPU hotplug handling significantly. * Joonsoo introduced system_highpri_wq and used it during CPU hotplug. There are two merge commits - one to pull in IRQ safe timer from tip/timers/core and the other to pull in CPU hotplug fixes from wq/for-3.6-fixes as Lai's hotplug restructuring depended on them." Fixed a number of trivial conflicts, but the more interesting conflicts were silent ones where the deprecated interfaces had been used by new code in the merge window, and thus didn't cause any real data conflicts. Tejun pointed out a few of them, I fixed a couple more. * 'for-3.7' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tj/wq: (46 commits) workqueue: remove spurious WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq()) from try_to_grab_pending() workqueue: use cwq_set_max_active() helper for workqueue_set_max_active() workqueue: introduce cwq_set_max_active() helper for thaw_workqueues() workqueue: remove @delayed from cwq_dec_nr_in_flight() workqueue: fix possible stall on try_to_grab_pending() of a delayed work item workqueue: use hotcpu_notifier() for workqueue_cpu_down_callback() workqueue: use __cpuinit instead of __devinit for cpu callbacks workqueue: rename manager_mutex to assoc_mutex workqueue: WORKER_REBIND is no longer necessary for idle rebinding workqueue: WORKER_REBIND is no longer necessary for busy rebinding workqueue: reimplement idle worker rebinding workqueue: deprecate __cancel_delayed_work() workqueue: reimplement cancel_delayed_work() using try_to_grab_pending() workqueue: use mod_delayed_work() instead of __cancel + queue workqueue: use irqsafe timer for delayed_work workqueue: clean up delayed_work initializers and add missing one workqueue: make deferrable delayed_work initializer names consistent workqueue: cosmetic whitespace updates for macro definitions workqueue: deprecate system_nrt[_freezable]_wq workqueue: deprecate flush[_delayed]_work_sync() ...