path: root/arch/arm/lib
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2012-09-26ARM: 7538/1: delay: add registration mechanism for delay timer sourcesJonathan Austin
The current timer-based delay loop relies on the architected timer to initiate the switch away from the polling-based implementation. This is unfortunate for platforms without the architected timers but with a suitable delay source (that is, constant frequency, always powered-up and ticking as long as the CPUs are online). This patch introduces a registration mechanism for the delay timer (which provides an unconditional read_current_timer implementation) and updates the architected timer code to use the new interface. Reviewed-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Jonathan Austin <jonathan.austin@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2012-08-13ARM: Bring back ARMv3 IO and user access codeRussell King
This partially reverts 357c9c1f07d4546bc3fbc0fd1044d96b114d14ed (ARM: Remove support for ARMv3 ARM610 and ARM710 CPUs). Although we only support StrongARM on the RiscPC, we need to keep the ARMv3 user access code for this platform because the bus does not understand half-word load/stores. Reported-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-30arch: remove direct definitions of KERN_<LEVEL> usesJoe Perches
Add #include <linux/kern_levels.h> so that the #define KERN_<LEVEL> macros don't have to be duplicated. Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Cc: Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Kay Sievers <kay@vrfy.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-07-27Merge branches 'audit', 'delay', 'fixes', 'misc' and 'sta2x11' into for-linusRussell King
2012-07-09ARM: 7452/1: delay: allow timer-based delay implementation to be selectedWill Deacon
This patch allows a timer-based delay implementation to be selected by switching the delay routines over to use get_cycles, which is implemented in terms of read_current_timer. This further allows us to skip the loop calibration and have a consistent delay function in the face of core frequency scaling. To avoid the pain of dealing with memory-mapped counters, this implementation uses the co-processor interface to the architected timers when they are available. The previous loop-based implementation is kept around for CPUs without the architected timers and we retain both the maximum delay (2ms) and the corresponding conversion factors for determining the number of loops required for a given interval. Since the indirection of the timer routines will only work when called from C, the sa1100 sleep routines are modified to branch to the loop-based delay functions directly. Tested-by: Shinya Kuribayashi <shinya.kuribayashi.px@renesas.com> Reviewed-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@codeaurora.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2012-07-09ARM: 7449/1: use generic strnlen_user and strncpy_from_user functionsWill Deacon
This patch implements the word-at-a-time interface for ARM using the same algorithm as x86. We use the fls macro from ARMv5 onwards, where we have a clz instruction available which saves us a mov instruction when targetting Thumb-2. For older CPUs, we use the magic 0x0ff0001 constant. Big-endian configurations make use of the implementation from asm-generic. With this implemented, we can replace our byte-at-a-time strnlen_user and strncpy_from_user functions with the optimised generic versions. Reviewed-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2012-05-05ARM: Remove support for ARMv3 ARM610 and ARM710 CPUsRussell King
This patch removes support for ARMv3 CPUs, which haven't worked properly for quite some time (see the FIXME comment in arch/arm/mm/fault.c). The only V3 parts left is the cache model for ARMv3, which is needed for some odd reason by ARM740T CPUs, and being able to build with -march=armv3, which is required for the RiscPC platform due to its bus structure. Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Acked-by: Jean-Christophe PLAGNIOL-VILLARD <plagnioj@jcrosoft.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2012-01-25ARM: 7301/1: Rename the T() macro to TUSER() to avoid namespace conflictsCatalin Marinas
This macro is used to generate unprivileged accesses (LDRT/STRT) to user space. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-12-12ARM: lib: add call_with_stack function for safely changing stackWill Deacon
When disabling the MMU, it is necessary to take out a 1:1 identity map of the reset code so that it can safely be executed with and without the MMU active. To avoid the situation where the physical address of the reset code aliases with the virtual address of the active stack (which cannot be included in the 1:1 mapping), it is desirable to change to a new stack at a location which is less likely to alias. This code adds a new lib function, call_with_stack: void call_with_stack(void (*fn)(void *), void *arg, void *sp); which changes the stack to point at the sp parameter, before invoking fn(arg) with the new stack selected. Reviewed-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
2011-11-26ARM: 7171/1: unwind: add unwind directives to bitops assembly macrosWill Deacon
The bitops functions (e.g. _test_and_set_bit) on ARM do not have unwind annotations and therefore the kernel cannot backtrace out of them on a fatal error (for example, NULL pointer dereference). This patch annotates the bitops assembly macros with UNWIND annotations so that we can produce a meaningful backtrace on error. Callers of the macros are modified to pass their function name as a macro parameter, enforcing that the macros are used as standalone function implementations. Acked-by: Dave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-10-25Merge branch 'misc' into for-linusRussell King
Conflicts: arch/arm/mach-integrator/integrator_ap.c
2011-10-17ARM: 7125/1: Add unwinding annotations for 64bit division functionsLaura Abbott
The 64bit division functions never had unwinding annotations added. This prevents a backtrace from being printed within the function and if a division by 0 occurs. Add the annotations. Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-10-17ARM: 7068/1: process: change from __backtrace to dump_stack in show_regsLaura Abbott
Currently, show_regs calls __backtrace which does nothing if CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is not set. Switch to dump_stack which handles both CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER and CONFIG_ARM_UNWIND correctly. __backtrace is now superseded by dump_stack in general and show_regs was the last caller so remove __backtrace as well. Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-10-02ARM: include linux/highmem.h in uaccess functionsArnd Bergmann
When highpte support is enabled, this is required to build the kernel. Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2011-08-07arm: remove "optimized" SHA1 routinesLinus Torvalds
Since commit 1eb19a12bd22 ("lib/sha1: use the git implementation of SHA-1"), the ARM SHA1 routines no longer work. The reason? They depended on the larger 320-byte workspace, and now the sha1 workspace is just 16 words (64 bytes). So the assembly version would overwrite the stack randomly. The optimized asm version is also probably slower than the new improved C version, so there's no reason to keep it around. At least that was the case in git, where what appears to be the same assembly language version was removed two years ago because the optimized C BLK_SHA1 code was faster. Reported-and-tested-by: Joachim Eastwood <manabian@gmail.com> Cc: Andreas Schwab <schwab@linux-m68k.org> Cc: Nicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-07-12ARM: remove unnecessary mach/hardware.h includesRob Herring
Remove some includes of mach/hardware.h which are not needed. hardware.h will be removed completely for tegra and cns3xxx in follow on patch. Signed-off-by: Rob Herring <rob.herring@calxeda.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
2011-05-27ARM: 6945/1: Add unwinding support for division functionsLaura Abbott
The software division functions never had unwinding annotations added. Currently, when a division by zero occurs the backtrace shown will stop at Ldiv0 or some completely unrelated function. Add unwinding annotations in hopes of getting a more useful backtrace when a division by zero occurs. Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <lauraa@codeaurora.org> Acked-by: Dave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-03-20Merge branches 'fixes', 'pgt-next' and 'versatile' into develRussell King
2011-02-21ARM: pgtable: add pud-level codeRussell King
Add pud_offset() et.al. between the pgd and pmd code in preparation of using pgtable-nopud.h rather than 4level-fixup.h. This incorporates a fix from Jamie Iles <jamie@jamieiles.com> for uaccess_with_memcpy.c. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-02-19ARM: 6653/1: bitops: Use BX instead of MOV PC,LRDave Martin
The kernel doesn't officially need to interwork, but using BX wherever appropriate will help educate people into good assembler coding habits. BX is appropriate here because this code is predicated on __LINUX_ARM_ARCH__ >= 6 Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <dave.martin@linaro.org> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-02-02ARM: bitops: switch set/clear/change bitops to use ldrex/strexRussell King
Switch the set/clear/change bitops to use the word-based exclusive operations, which are only present in a wider range of ARM architectures than the byte-based exclusive operations. Tested record: - Nicolas Pitre: ext3,rw,le - Sourav Poddar: nfs,le - Will Deacon: ext3,rw,le - Tony Lindgren: ext3+nfs,le Reviewed-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Tested-by: Sourav Poddar <sourav.poddar@ti.com> Tested-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com> Tested-by: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-02-02ARM: bitops: ensure set/clear/change bitops take a word-aligned pointerRussell King
Add additional instructions to our assembly bitops functions to ensure that they only operate on word-aligned pointers. This will be necessary when we switch these operations to use the word-based exclusive operations. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-01-10ARM: udelay: prevent math rounding resulting in short udelaysRussell King
We perform the microseconds to loops calculation using a number of multiplies and shift rights. Each shift right rounds down the resulting value, which can result in delays shorter than requested. Ensure that we always round up. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2011-01-06Merge branch 'smp' into miscRussell King
Conflicts: arch/arm/kernel/entry-armv.S arch/arm/mm/ioremap.c
2010-11-24ARM: 6482/2: Fix find_next_zero_bit and related assemblyJames Jones
The find_next_bit, find_first_bit, find_next_zero_bit and find_first_zero_bit functions were not properly clamping to the maxbit argument at the bit level. They were instead only checking maxbit at the byte level. To fix this, add a compare and a conditional move instruction to the end of the common bit-within-the- byte code used by all the functions and be sure not to clobber the maxbit argument before it is used. Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Nicolas Pitre <nicolas.pitre@linaro.org> Tested-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Signed-off-by: James Jones <jajones@nvidia.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2010-11-04ARM: 6384/1: Remove the domain switching on ARMv6k/v7 CPUsCatalin Marinas
This patch removes the domain switching functionality via the set_fs and __switch_to functions on cores that have a TLS register. Currently, the ioremap and vmalloc areas share the same level 1 page tables and therefore have the same domain (DOMAIN_KERNEL). When the kernel domain is modified from Client to Manager (via the __set_fs or in the __switch_to function), the XN (eXecute Never) bit is overridden and newer CPUs can speculatively prefetch the ioremap'ed memory. Linux performs the kernel domain switching to allow user-specific functions (copy_to/from_user, get/put_user etc.) to access kernel memory. In order for these functions to work with the kernel domain set to Client, the patch modifies the LDRT/STRT and related instructions to the LDR/STR ones. The user pages access rights are also modified for kernel read-only access rather than read/write so that the copy-on-write mechanism still works. CPU_USE_DOMAINS gets disabled only if the hardware has a TLS register (CPU_32v6K is defined) since writing the TLS value to the high vectors page isn't possible. The user addresses passed to the kernel are checked by the access_ok() function so that they do not point to the kernel space. Tested-by: Anton Vorontsov <cbouatmailru@gmail.com> Cc: Tony Lindgren <tony@atomide.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2010-08-03Merge branch 'devel' of master.kernel.org:/home/rmk/linux-2.6-armLinus Torvalds
* 'devel' of master.kernel.org:/home/rmk/linux-2.6-arm: (291 commits) ARM: AMBA: Add pclk support to AMBA bus infrastructure ARM: 6278/2: fix regression in RealView after the introduction of pclk ARM: 6277/1: mach-shmobile: Allow users to select HZ, default to 128 ARM: 6276/1: mach-shmobile: remove duplicate NR_IRQS_LEGACY ARM: 6246/1: mmci: support larger MMCIDATALENGTH register ARM: 6245/1: mmci: enable hardware flow control on Ux500 variants ARM: 6244/1: mmci: add variant data and default MCICLOCK support ARM: 6243/1: mmci: pass power_mode to the translate_vdd callback ARM: 6274/1: add global control registers definition header file for nuc900 mx2_camera: fix type of dma buffer virtual address pointer mx2_camera: Add soc_camera support for i.MX25/i.MX27 arm/imx/gpio: add spinlock protection ARM: Add support for the LPC32XX arch ARM: LPC32XX: Arch config menu supoport and makefiles ARM: LPC32XX: Phytec 3250 platform support ARM: LPC32XX: Misc support functions ARM: LPC32XX: Serial support code ARM: LPC32XX: System suspend support ARM: LPC32XX: GPIO, timer, and IRQ drivers ARM: LPC32XX: Clock driver ...
2010-07-26ARM: Fix csum_partial_copy_from_user()Russell King
Using the parent functions frame pointer to access our arguments is completely wrong, whether or not we're building with frame pointers or not. What we should be using is the stack pointer to get at the word above the registers we stacked ourselves. Reported-by: Bosko Radivojevic <bosko.radivojevic@gmail.com> Tested-by: Bosko Radivojevic <bosko.radivojevic@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2010-06-24ARM: Remove support for LinkUp Systems L7200 SDP.Russell King
This hasn't been actively maintained for a long time, only receiving the occasional build update when things break. I doubt anyone has one of these on their desks anymore. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2010-05-08ARM: 6110/1: Fix Thumb-2 kernel builds when UACCESS_WITH_MEMCPY is enabledCatalin Marinas
The patch adds the ENDPROC declarations for the __copy_to_user_std and __clear_user_std functions. Without these, the compiler generates BXL to ARM when compiling the kernel in Thumb-2 mode. Reported-by: Kyungmin Park <kmpark@infradead.org> Tested-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2010-04-21ARM: fix build error in arch/arm/kernel/process.cRussell King
/tmp/ccJ3ssZW.s: Assembler messages: /tmp/ccJ3ssZW.s:1952: Error: can't resolve `.text' {.text section} - `.LFB1077' This is caused because: .section .data .section .text .section .text .previous does not return us to the .text section, but the .data section; this makes use of .previous dangerous if the ordering of previous sections is not known. Fix up the other users of .previous; .pushsection and .popsection are a safer pairing to use than .section and .previous. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2010-04-05Merge branch 'master' into export-slabhTejun Heo
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-29ARM: 6006/1: ARM: Use the correct NOP size in memmove for Thumb-2 kernel buildsCatalin Marinas
When compiling the kernel to Thumb-2, using a 16-bit NOP in the memmove() implementation causes the preceding ADD PC instruction to branch incorrectly in the middle of a 32-bit LDR or STR instruction. The memmove() code is now similar to the memcpy() template. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2009-09-19Merge branch 'for-rmk' of git://linux-arm.org/linux-2.6Russell King
2009-09-15ARM: 5701/1: ARM: copy_page.S: take into account the size of the cache lineKirill A. Shutemov
Optimized version of copy_page() was written with assumption that cache line size is 32 bytes. On Cortex-A8 cache line size is 64 bytes. This patch tries to generalize copy_page() to work with any cache line size if cache line size is multiple of 16 and page size is multiple of two cache line size. After this optimization we've got ~25% speedup on OMAP3(tested in userspace). There is test for kernelspace which trigger copy-on-write after fork(): #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> #include <unistd.h> #define BUF_SIZE (10000*4096) #define NFORK 200 int main(int argc, char **argv) { char *buf = malloc(BUF_SIZE); int i; memset(buf, 0, BUF_SIZE); for(i = 0; i < NFORK; i++) { if (fork()) { wait(NULL); } else { int j; for(j = 0; j < BUF_SIZE; j+= 4096) buf[j] = (j & 0xFF) + 1; break; } } free(buf); return 0; } Before optimization this test takes ~66 seconds, after optimization takes ~56 seconds. Signed-off-by: Siarhei Siamashka <siarhei.siamashka@nokia.com> Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2009-09-15Nicolas Pitre has a new email addressNicolas Pitre
Due to problems at cam.org, my nico@cam.org email address is no longer valid. FRom now on, nico@fluxnic.net should be used instead. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@fluxnic.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-08-15Merge branch 'for-rmk-2.6.32' of git://git.pengutronix.de/git/ukl/linux-2.6 ↵Russell King
into devel-stable
2009-08-13Complete irq tracing support for ARMUwe Kleine-König
Before this patch enabling and disabling irqs in assembler code and by the hardware wasn't tracked completly. I had to transpose two instructions in arch/arm/lib/bitops.h because restore_irqs doesn't preserve the flags with CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS=y Signed-off-by: Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de> Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Uwe Kleine-König <u.kleine-koenig@pengutronix.de>
2009-07-24Thumb-2: Implement the unified arch/arm/lib functionsCatalin Marinas
This patch adds the ARM/Thumb-2 unified support for the arch/arm/lib/* files. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2009-07-24Thumb-2: Add some .align statements to the .S filesCatalin Marinas
Since the Thumb-2 instructions can be 16-bit wide, data in the .text sections may not be aligned to a 32-bit word and this leads to unaligned exceptions. This patch does not affect the ARM code generation. Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
2009-06-14Merge branch 'copy_user' of git://git.marvell.com/orion into develRussell King
2009-05-30[ARM] alternative copy_to_user: more precise fallback thresholdNicolas Pitre
Previous size thresholds were guessed from various user space benchmarks using a kernel with and without the alternative uaccess option. This is however not as precise as a kernel based test to measure the real speed of each method. This adds a simple test bench to show the time needed for each method. With this, the optimal size treshold for the alternative implementation can be determined with more confidence. It appears that the optimal threshold for both copy_to_user and clear_user is around 64 bytes. This is not a surprise knowing that the memcpy and memset implementations need at least 64 bytes to achieve maximum throughput. One might suggest that such test be used to determine the optimal threshold at run time instead, but results are near enough to 64 on tested targets concerned by this alternative copy_to_user implementation, so adding some overhead associated with a variable threshold is probably not worth it for now. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@marvell.com>
2009-05-29[ARM] lower overhead with alternative copy_to_user for small copiesNicolas Pitre
Because the alternate copy_to_user implementation has a higher setup cost than the standard implementation, the size of the memory area to copy is tested and the standard implementation invoked instead when that size is too small. Still, that test is made after the processor has preserved a bunch of registers on the stack which have to be reloaded right away needlessly in that case, causing a measurable performance regression compared to plain usage of the standard implementation only. To make the size test overhead negligible, let's factorize it out of the alternate copy_to_user function where it is clear to the compiler that no stack frame is needed. Thanks to CONFIG_ARM_UNWIND allowing for frame pointers to be disabled and tail call optimization to kick in, the overhead in the small copy case becomes only 3 assembly instructions. A similar trick is applied to clear_user as well. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@marvell.com>
2009-05-29[ARM] alternative copy_to_user/clear_user implementationLennert Buytenhek
This implements {copy_to,clear}_user() by faulting in the userland pages and then using the regular kernel mem{cpy,set}() to copy the data (while holding the page table lock). This is a win if the regular mem{cpy,set}() implementations are faster than the user copy functions, which is the case e.g. on Feroceon, where 8-word STMs (which memcpy() uses under the right conditions) give significantly higher memory write throughput than a sequence of individual 32bit stores. Here are numbers for page sized buffers on some Feroceon cores: - copy_to_user on Orion5x goes from 51 MB/s to 83 MB/s - clear_user on Orion5x goes from 89MB/s to 314MB/s - copy_to_user on Kirkwood goes from 240 MB/s to 356 MB/s - clear_user on Kirkwood goes from 367 MB/s to 1108 MB/s - copy_to_user on Disco-Duo goes from 248 MB/s to 398 MB/s - clear_user on Disco-Duo goes from 328 MB/s to 1741 MB/s Because the setup cost is non negligible, this is worthwhile only if the amount of data to copy is large enough. The operation falls back to the standard implementation when the amount of data is below a certain threshold. This threshold was determined empirically, however some targets could benefit from a lower runtime determined value for optimal results eventually. In the copy_from_user() case, this technique does not provide any worthwhile performance gain due to the fact that any kind of read access allocates the cache and subsequent 32bit loads are just as fast as the equivalent 8-word LDM. Signed-off-by: Lennert Buytenhek <buytenh@marvell.com> Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@marvell.com> Tested-by: Martin Michlmayr <tbm@cyrius.com>
2009-05-29[ARM] allow for alternative __copy_to_user/__clear_user implementationsNicolas Pitre
This allows for optional alternative implementations of __copy_to_user and __clear_user, with a possible runtime fallback to the standard version when the alternative provides no gain over that standard version. This is done by making the standard __copy_to_user into a weak alias for the symbol __copy_to_user_std. Same thing for __clear_user. Those two functions are particularly good candidates to have alternative implementations for, since they rely on the STRT instruction which has lower performances than STM instructions on some CPU cores such as the ARM1176 and Marvell Feroceon. Signed-off-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@marvell.com>
2009-05-28[ARM] barriers: improve xchg, bitops and atomic SMP barriersRussell King
Mathieu Desnoyers pointed out that the ARM barriers were lacking: - cmpxchg, xchg and atomic add return need memory barriers on architectures which can reorder the relative order in which memory read/writes can be seen between CPUs, which seems to include recent ARM architectures. Those barriers are currently missing on ARM. - test_and_xxx_bit were missing SMP barriers. So put these barriers in. Provide separate atomic_add/atomic_sub operations which do not require barriers. Reported-Reviewed-and-Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca> Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2008-11-27Merge branch 'clps7500' into develRussell King
Conflicts: arch/arm/Kconfig
2008-11-27[ARM] clps7500: remove supportRussell King
The CLPS7500 platform has not built since 2.6.22-git7 and there seems to be no interest in fixing it. So, remove the platform support. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2008-11-27[ARM] remove memzero()Russell King
As suggested by Andrew Morton, remove memzero() - it's not supported on other architectures so use of it is a potential build breaking bug. Since the compiler optimizes memset(x,0,n) to __memzero() perfectly well, we don't miss out on the underlying benefits of memzero(). Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>