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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/Makefile10
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/audio.xml1473
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/ca.xml221
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/demux.xml973
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbapi.xml87
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbstb.pdfbin0 -> 1881 bytes
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/examples.xml365
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/frontend.xml1766
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/intro.xml191
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/isdbt.xml314
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/kdapi.xml2309
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/net.xml12
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/dvb/video.xml1971
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/media-entities.tmpl364
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/media-indices.tmpl85
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/media.tmpl112
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/stylesheet.xsl1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/.gitignore1
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/biblio.xml188
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/capture.c.xml659
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/common.xml1160
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/compat.xml2457
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/controls.xml2049
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/crop.gifbin0 -> 5967 bytes
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-capture.xml115
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-effect.xml25
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-osd.xml164
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-overlay.xml379
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-radio.xml57
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-raw-vbi.xml347
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-rds.xml168
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-sliced-vbi.xml708
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/dev-teletext.xml40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/driver.xml208
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/fdl-appendix.xml671
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-close.xml70
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-ioctl.xml146
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-mmap.xml185
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-munmap.xml83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-open.xml121
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-poll.xml127
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-read.xml189
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-select.xml138
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/func-write.xml136
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/io.xml1073
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/keytable.c.xml172
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/libv4l.xml167
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-grey.xml70
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-nv12.xml151
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-nv16.xml174
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-packed-rgb.xml862
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-packed-yuv.xml244
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-sbggr16.xml91
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-sbggr8.xml75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-sgbrg8.xml75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-sgrbg8.xml75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-uyvy.xml128
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-vyuy.xml128
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-y16.xml89
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-y41p.xml157
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-yuv410.xml141
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-yuv411p.xml155
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-yuv420.xml157
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-yuv422p.xml161
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-yuyv.xml128
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt-yvyu.xml128
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/pixfmt.xml801
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/remote_controllers.xml175
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/v4l2.xml479
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/v4l2grab.c.xml164
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vbi_525.gifbin0 -> 4741 bytes
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vbi_525.pdfbin0 -> 3395 bytes
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vbi_625.pdfbin0 -> 3683 bytes
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vbi_hsync.gifbin0 -> 2400 bytes
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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/videodev2.h.xml1640
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-cropcap.xml174
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-dbg-g-chip-ident.xml275
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-dbg-g-register.xml275
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-encoder-cmd.xml204
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enum-fmt.xml164
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enum-frameintervals.xml270
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enum-framesizes.xml282
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enumaudio.xml86
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enumaudioout.xml89
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enuminput.xml287
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enumoutput.xml172
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-enumstd.xml391
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-audio.xml188
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-audioout.xml154
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-crop.xml143
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-ctrl.xml130
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-enc-index.xml213
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-ext-ctrls.xml307
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-fbuf.xml456
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-fmt.xml201
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-frequency.xml145
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-input.xml100
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-jpegcomp.xml180
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-modulator.xml246
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-output.xml100
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-parm.xml332
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-priority.xml144
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-sliced-vbi-cap.xml264
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-std.xml99
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-g-tuner.xml535
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-log-status.xml58
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-overlay.xml83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-qbuf.xml168
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querybuf.xml103
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querycap.xml284
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-queryctrl.xml428
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-querystd.xml83
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-reqbufs.xml160
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-s-hw-freq-seek.xml129
-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/vidioc-streamon.xml106
-rw-r--r--Documentation/dvb/get_dvb_firmware37
-rw-r--r--Documentation/dvb/technisat.txt75
-rw-r--r--Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt22
-rw-r--r--Documentation/markers.txt104
-rw-r--r--Documentation/memory.txt31
-rw-r--r--Documentation/numastat.txt8
-rw-r--r--Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/trace/events-kmem.txt107
-rw-r--r--Documentation/trace/postprocess/trace-pagealloc-postprocess.pl418
-rw-r--r--Documentation/trace/tracepoint-analysis.txt327
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.cx238851
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.em28xx3
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.saa71341
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.saa71649
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/CARDLIST.tuner2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/gspca.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/soc-camera.txt40
-rw-r--r--Documentation/video4linux/v4l2-framework.txt61
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/00-INDEX4
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/hugetlbpage.txt147
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/ksm.txt89
-rw-r--r--Documentation/vm/map_hugetlb.c77
-rw-r--r--MAINTAINERS137
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/Kconfig8
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/boot/tools/objstrip.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/include/asm/hardirq.h14
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/include/asm/mman.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/kernel/pci_iommu.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/kernel/time.c79
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/alpha/mm/numa.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/mman.h18
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/kernel/calls.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/arm/mm/init.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/avr32/include/asm/mman.h18
-rw-r--r--arch/avr32/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/blackfin/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/blackfin/mach-common/entry.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/cris/include/asm/mman.h20
-rw-r--r--arch/cris/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/include/asm/mman.h19
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/include/asm/perf_event.h (renamed from arch/frv/include/asm/perf_counter.h)10
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/kernel/entry.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/frv/lib/perf_event.c (renamed from arch/frv/lib/perf_counter.c)8
-rw-r--r--arch/h8300/include/asm/hardirq.h15
-rw-r--r--arch/h8300/include/asm/mman.h18
-rw-r--r--arch/h8300/kernel/irq.c5
-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/include/asm/mman.h14
-rw-r--r--arch/ia64/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/Kconfig6
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/include/asm/hardirq.h15
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/include/asm/mman.h18
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/kernel/ptrace.c5
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/kernel/smpboot.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/kernel/time.c74
-rw-r--r--arch/m32r/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/Kconfig6
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/include/asm/hardirq_mm.h12
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/include/asm/mman.h18
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/entry.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/kernel/time.c70
-rw-r--r--arch/m68k/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/m68knommu/kernel/syscalltable.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/microblaze/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/microblaze/kernel/syscall_table.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/microblaze/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/include/asm/mman.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/include/asm/pgtable.h10
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/include/asm/unistd.h6
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/kernel/scall32-o32.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/kernel/scall64-64.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/kernel/scall64-n32.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/kernel/scall64-o32.S2
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-rw-r--r--arch/mn10300/include/asm/mman.h29
-rw-r--r--arch/mn10300/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/mn10300/kernel/entry.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/mn10300/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/include/asm/mman.h5
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/include/asm/perf_counter.h7
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-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/include/asm/unistd.h4
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/kernel/syscall_table.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/parisc/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/hw_irq.h22
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/mman.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/paca.h2
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-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/systbl.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/asm-offsets.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/entry_64.S8
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/irq.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/mpc7450-pmu.c2
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-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/perf_event.c (renamed from arch/powerpc/kernel/perf_counter.c)583
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/kernel/power4-pmu.c2
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-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/platforms/cell/spufs/file.c1
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-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/sysdev/axonram.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/hypfs/inode.c4
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/include/asm/mman.h13
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-rw-r--r--arch/s390/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/kernel/compat_wrapper.S8
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/kernel/syscalls.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/mm/fault.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/s390/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/boards/board-ap325rxa.c58
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/include/asm/perf_counter.h9
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-rw-r--r--arch/sh/include/asm/unistd_32.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/include/asm/unistd_64.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/kernel/syscalls_32.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/kernel/syscalls_64.S2
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/mm/fault_32.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/mm/init.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/mm/tlbflush_64.c8
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/Kconfig4
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/include/asm/mman.h2
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-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/include/asm/unistd.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/kernel/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/kernel/nmi.c4
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-rw-r--r--arch/sparc/kernel/perf_event.c (renamed from arch/sparc/kernel/perf_counter.c)179
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-rw-r--r--arch/um/drivers/ubd_kern.c2
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-rw-r--r--arch/xtensa/include/asm/mman.h5
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-rw-r--r--tools/perf/util/trace-event-info.c8
-rw-r--r--tools/perf/util/trace-event.h2
1040 files changed, 134778 insertions, 52571 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile b/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile
index 9632444f6c62..ab8300f67182 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/Makefile
@@ -14,7 +14,7 @@ DOCBOOKS := z8530book.xml mcabook.xml device-drivers.xml \
genericirq.xml s390-drivers.xml uio-howto.xml scsi.xml \
mac80211.xml debugobjects.xml sh.xml regulator.xml \
alsa-driver-api.xml writing-an-alsa-driver.xml \
- tracepoint.xml
+ tracepoint.xml media.xml
###
# The build process is as follows (targets):
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ PS_METHOD = $(prefer-db2x)
###
# The targets that may be used.
-PHONY += xmldocs sgmldocs psdocs pdfdocs htmldocs mandocs installmandocs cleandocs
+PHONY += xmldocs sgmldocs psdocs pdfdocs htmldocs mandocs installmandocs cleandocs media
BOOKS := $(addprefix $(obj)/,$(DOCBOOKS))
xmldocs: $(BOOKS)
@@ -45,12 +45,16 @@ PDF := $(patsubst %.xml, %.pdf, $(BOOKS))
pdfdocs: $(PDF)
HTML := $(sort $(patsubst %.xml, %.html, $(BOOKS)))
-htmldocs: $(HTML)
+htmldocs: media $(HTML)
$(call build_main_index)
MAN := $(patsubst %.xml, %.9, $(BOOKS))
mandocs: $(MAN)
+media:
+ mkdir -p $(srctree)/Documentation/DocBook/media/
+ cp $(srctree)/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/*.png $(srctree)/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/*.gif $(srctree)/Documentation/DocBook/media/
+
installmandocs: mandocs
mkdir -p /usr/local/man/man9/
install Documentation/DocBook/man/*.9.gz /usr/local/man/man9/
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/.gitignore b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d7ec32eafac9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+!*.xml
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/audio.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/audio.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..eeb96b8a0864
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/audio.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,1473 @@
+<title>DVB Audio Device</title>
+<para>The DVB audio device controls the MPEG2 audio decoder of the DVB hardware. It
+can be accessed through <emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/audio0</emphasis>. Data types and and
+ioctl definitions can be accessed by including <emphasis role="tt">linux/dvb/video.h</emphasis> in your
+application.
+</para>
+<para>Please note that some DVB cards don&#8217;t have their own MPEG decoder, which results in
+the omission of the audio and video device.
+</para>
+
+<section id="audio_data_types">
+<title>Audio Data Types</title>
+<para>This section describes the structures, data types and defines used when talking to the
+audio device.
+</para>
+
+<section id="audio_stream_source_t">
+<title>audio_stream_source_t</title>
+<para>The audio stream source is set through the AUDIO_SELECT_SOURCE call and can take
+the following values, depending on whether we are replaying from an internal (demux) or
+external (user write) source.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ AUDIO_SOURCE_DEMUX,
+ AUDIO_SOURCE_MEMORY
+ } audio_stream_source_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>AUDIO_SOURCE_DEMUX selects the demultiplexer (fed either by the frontend or the
+DVR device) as the source of the video stream. If AUDIO_SOURCE_MEMORY
+is selected the stream comes from the application through the <emphasis role="tt">write()</emphasis> system
+call.
+</para>
+
+</section>
+<section id="audio_play_state_t">
+<title>audio_play_state_t</title>
+<para>The following values can be returned by the AUDIO_GET_STATUS call representing the
+state of audio playback.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ AUDIO_STOPPED,
+ AUDIO_PLAYING,
+ AUDIO_PAUSED
+ } audio_play_state_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="audio_channel_select_t">
+<title>audio_channel_select_t</title>
+<para>The audio channel selected via AUDIO_CHANNEL_SELECT is determined by the
+following values.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ AUDIO_STEREO,
+ AUDIO_MONO_LEFT,
+ AUDIO_MONO_RIGHT,
+ } audio_channel_select_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="struct_audio_status">
+<title>struct audio_status</title>
+<para>The AUDIO_GET_STATUS call returns the following structure informing about various
+states of the playback operation.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef struct audio_status {
+ boolean AV_sync_state;
+ boolean mute_state;
+ audio_play_state_t play_state;
+ audio_stream_source_t stream_source;
+ audio_channel_select_t channel_select;
+ boolean bypass_mode;
+ } audio_status_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="struct_audio_mixer">
+<title>struct audio_mixer</title>
+<para>The following structure is used by the AUDIO_SET_MIXER call to set the audio
+volume.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef struct audio_mixer {
+ unsigned int volume_left;
+ unsigned int volume_right;
+ } audio_mixer_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="audio_encodings">
+<title>audio encodings</title>
+<para>A call to AUDIO_GET_CAPABILITIES returns an unsigned integer with the following
+bits set according to the hardwares capabilities.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_DTS 1
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_LPCM 2
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_MP1 4
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_MP2 8
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_MP3 16
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_AAC 32
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_OGG 64
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_SDDS 128
+ #define AUDIO_CAP_AC3 256
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="struct_audio_karaoke">
+<title>struct audio_karaoke</title>
+<para>The ioctl AUDIO_SET_KARAOKE uses the following format:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct audio_karaoke{
+ int vocal1;
+ int vocal2;
+ int melody;
+ } audio_karaoke_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>If Vocal1 or Vocal2 are non-zero, they get mixed into left and right t at 70% each. If both,
+Vocal1 and Vocal2 are non-zero, Vocal1 gets mixed into the left channel and Vocal2 into the
+right channel at 100% each. Ff Melody is non-zero, the melody channel gets mixed into left
+and right.
+</para>
+
+</section>
+<section id="audio_attributes">
+<title>audio attributes</title>
+<para>The following attributes can be set by a call to AUDIO_SET_ATTRIBUTES:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef uint16_t audio_attributes_t;
+ /&#x22C6; bits: descr. &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 15-13 audio coding mode (0=ac3, 2=mpeg1, 3=mpeg2ext, 4=LPCM, 6=DTS, &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 12 multichannel extension &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 11-10 audio type (0=not spec, 1=language included) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 9- 8 audio application mode (0=not spec, 1=karaoke, 2=surround) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 7- 6 Quantization / DRC (mpeg audio: 1=DRC exists)(lpcm: 0=16bit, &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 5- 4 Sample frequency fs (0=48kHz, 1=96kHz) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 2- 0 number of audio channels (n+1 channels) &#x22C6;/
+</programlisting>
+ </section></section>
+<section id="audio_function_calls">
+<title>Audio Function Calls</title>
+
+
+<section id="audio_fopen">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call opens a named audio device (e.g. /dev/dvb/adapter0/audio0)
+ for subsequent use. When an open() call has succeeded, the device will be ready
+ for use. The significance of blocking or non-blocking mode is described in the
+ documentation for functions where there is a difference. It does not affect the
+ semantics of the open() call itself. A device opened in blocking mode can later
+ be put into non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command
+ of the fcntl system call. This is a standard system call, documented in the Linux
+ manual page for fcntl. Only one user can open the Audio Device in O_RDWR
+ mode. All other attempts to open the device in this mode will fail, and an error
+ code will be returned. If the Audio Device is opened in O_RDONLY mode, the
+ only ioctl call that can be used is AUDIO_GET_STATUS. All other call will
+ return with an error code.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of specific audio device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDONLY read-only access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="audio_fclose">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call closes a previously opened audio device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="audio_fwrite">
+<title>write()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call can only be used if AUDIO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected
+ in the ioctl call AUDIO_SELECT_SOURCE. The data provided shall be in
+ PES format. If O_NONBLOCK is not specified the function will block until
+ buffer space is available. The amount of data to be transferred is implied by
+ count.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t write(int fd, const void &#x22C6;buf, size_t count);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>void *buf</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the buffer containing the PES data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t count</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of buf.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Mode AUDIO_SOURCE_MEMORY not selected.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOMEM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Attempted to write more data than the internal buffer can
+ hold.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_STOP</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to stop playing the current stream.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_STOP);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_STOP for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_PLAY</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to start playing an audio stream from the
+ selected source.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_PLAY);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_PLAY for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_PAUSE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call suspends the audio stream being played. Decoding and playing
+ are paused. It is then possible to restart again decoding and playing process of
+ the audio stream using AUDIO_CONTINUE command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If AUDIO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected in the ioctl call
+ AUDIO_SELECT_SOURCE, the DVB-subsystem will not decode (consume)
+ any more data until the ioctl call AUDIO_CONTINUE or AUDIO_PLAY is
+ performed.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_PAUSE);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_PAUSE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SELECT_SOURCE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call informs the audio device which source shall be used
+ for the input data. The possible sources are demux or memory. If
+ AUDIO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected, the data is fed to the Audio Device
+ through the write command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_SELECT_SOURCE,
+ audio_stream_source_t source);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SELECT_SOURCE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio_stream_source_t
+ source</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates the source that shall be used for the Audio
+ stream.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Illegal input parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_MUTE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the audio device to mute the stream that is currently being
+ played.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_MUTE,
+ boolean state);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_MUTE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>boolean state</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates if audio device shall mute or not.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>TRUE Audio Mute</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>FALSE Audio Un-mute</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Illegal input parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_AV_SYNC</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to turn ON or OFF A/V synchronization.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_AV_SYNC,
+ boolean state);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_AV_SYNC for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>boolean state</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Tells the DVB subsystem if A/V synchronization shall be
+ ON or OFF.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>TRUE AV-sync ON</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>FALSE AV-sync OFF</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Illegal input parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_BYPASS_MODE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to bypass the Audio decoder and forward
+ the stream without decoding. This mode shall be used if streams that can&#8217;t be
+ handled by the DVB system shall be decoded. Dolby DigitalTM streams are
+ automatically forwarded by the DVB subsystem if the hardware can handle it.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ AUDIO_SET_BYPASS_MODE, boolean mode);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_BYPASS_MODE for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>boolean mode</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Enables or disables the decoding of the current Audio
+ stream in the DVB subsystem.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>TRUE Bypass is disabled</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>FALSE Bypass is enabled</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Illegal input parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_CHANNEL_SELECT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to select the requested channel if possible.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ AUDIO_CHANNEL_SELECT, audio_channel_select_t);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_CHANNEL_SELECT for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio_channel_select_t
+ ch</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Select the output format of the audio (mono left/right,
+ stereo).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Illegal input parameter ch.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_GET_STATUS</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to return the current state of the Audio
+ Device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_GET_STATUS,
+ struct audio_status &#x22C6;status);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_GET_STATUS for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct audio_status
+ *status</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Returns the current state of Audio Device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>status points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_GET_CAPABILITIES</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to tell us about the decoding capabilities
+ of the audio hardware.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ AUDIO_GET_CAPABILITIES, unsigned int &#x22C6;cap);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_GET_CAPABILITIES for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>unsigned int *cap</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Returns a bit array of supported sound formats.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>cap points to an invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_CLEAR_BUFFER</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call asks the Audio Device to clear all software and hardware buffers
+ of the audio decoder device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_CLEAR_BUFFER);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_CLEAR_BUFFER for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_ID</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl selects which sub-stream is to be decoded if a program or system
+ stream is sent to the video device. If no audio stream type is set the id has to be
+ in [0xC0,0xDF] for MPEG sound, in [0x80,0x87] for AC3 and in [0xA0,0xA7]
+ for LPCM. More specifications may follow for other stream types. If the stream
+ type is set the id just specifies the substream id of the audio stream and only
+ the first 5 bits are recognized.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_ID, int
+ id);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_ID for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int id</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio sub-stream id</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid sub-stream id.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_MIXER</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl lets you adjust the mixer settings of the audio decoder.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_MIXER,
+ audio_mixer_t &#x22C6;mix);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_ID for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio_mixer_t *mix</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>mixer settings.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>mix points to an invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_STREAMTYPE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl tells the driver which kind of audio stream to expect. This is useful
+ if the stream offers several audio sub-streams like LPCM and AC3.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_STREAMTYPE,
+ int type);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_STREAMTYPE for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int type</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>stream type</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>type is not a valid or supported stream type.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_EXT_ID</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl can be used to set the extension id for MPEG streams in DVD
+ playback. Only the first 3 bits are recognized.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_EXT_ID, int
+ id);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_EXT_ID for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int id</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio sub_stream_id</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>id is not a valid id.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_ATTRIBUTES</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl is intended for DVD playback and allows you to set certain
+ information about the audio stream.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_ATTRIBUTES,
+ audio_attributes_t attr );</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_ATTRIBUTES for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio_attributes_t
+ attr</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio attributes according to section ??</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>attr is not a valid or supported attribute setting.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>AUDIO_SET_KARAOKE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl allows one to set the mixer settings for a karaoke DVD.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(fd, int request = AUDIO_SET_STREAMTYPE,
+ audio_karaoke_t &#x22C6;karaoke);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals AUDIO_SET_STREAMTYPE for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>audio_karaoke_t
+ *karaoke</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>karaoke settings according to section ??.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>karaoke is not a valid or supported karaoke setting.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section>
+</section>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/ca.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/ca.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..b1f1d2fad654
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/ca.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,221 @@
+<title>DVB CA Device</title>
+<para>The DVB CA device controls the conditional access hardware. It can be accessed through
+<emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/ca0</emphasis>. Data types and and ioctl definitions can be accessed by
+including <emphasis role="tt">linux/dvb/ca.h</emphasis> in your application.
+</para>
+
+<section id="ca_data_types">
+<title>CA Data Types</title>
+
+
+<section id="ca_slot_info_t">
+<title>ca_slot_info_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6; slot interface types and info &#x22C6;/
+
+ typedef struct ca_slot_info_s {
+ int num; /&#x22C6; slot number &#x22C6;/
+
+ int type; /&#x22C6; CA interface this slot supports &#x22C6;/
+ #define CA_CI 1 /&#x22C6; CI high level interface &#x22C6;/
+ #define CA_CI_LINK 2 /&#x22C6; CI link layer level interface &#x22C6;/
+ #define CA_CI_PHYS 4 /&#x22C6; CI physical layer level interface &#x22C6;/
+ #define CA_SC 128 /&#x22C6; simple smart card interface &#x22C6;/
+
+ unsigned int flags;
+ #define CA_CI_MODULE_PRESENT 1 /&#x22C6; module (or card) inserted &#x22C6;/
+ #define CA_CI_MODULE_READY 2
+ } ca_slot_info_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca_descr_info_t">
+<title>ca_descr_info_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef struct ca_descr_info_s {
+ unsigned int num; /&#x22C6; number of available descramblers (keys) &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int type; /&#x22C6; type of supported scrambling system &#x22C6;/
+ #define CA_ECD 1
+ #define CA_NDS 2
+ #define CA_DSS 4
+ } ca_descr_info_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca_cap_t">
+<title>ca_cap_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef struct ca_cap_s {
+ unsigned int slot_num; /&#x22C6; total number of CA card and module slots &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int slot_type; /&#x22C6; OR of all supported types &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int descr_num; /&#x22C6; total number of descrambler slots (keys) &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int descr_type;/&#x22C6; OR of all supported types &#x22C6;/
+ } ca_cap_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca_msg_t">
+<title>ca_msg_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6; a message to/from a CI-CAM &#x22C6;/
+ typedef struct ca_msg_s {
+ unsigned int index;
+ unsigned int type;
+ unsigned int length;
+ unsigned char msg[256];
+ } ca_msg_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca_descr_t">
+<title>ca_descr_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef struct ca_descr_s {
+ unsigned int index;
+ unsigned int parity;
+ unsigned char cw[8];
+ } ca_descr_t;
+</programlisting>
+ </section></section>
+<section id="ca_function_calls">
+<title>CA Function Calls</title>
+
+
+<section id="ca_fopen">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call opens a named ca device (e.g. /dev/ost/ca) for subsequent use.</para>
+<para>When an open() call has succeeded, the device will be ready for use.
+ The significance of blocking or non-blocking mode is described in the
+ documentation for functions where there is a difference. It does not affect the
+ semantics of the open() call itself. A device opened in blocking mode can later
+ be put into non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command
+ of the fcntl system call. This is a standard system call, documented in the Linux
+ manual page for fcntl. Only one user can open the CA Device in O_RDWR
+ mode. All other attempts to open the device in this mode will fail, and an error
+ code will be returned.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of specific video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDONLY read-only access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ca_fclose">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call closes a previously opened audio device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section>
+</section>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/demux.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/demux.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1b8c4e9835b9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/demux.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,973 @@
+<title>DVB Demux Device</title>
+
+<para>The DVB demux device controls the filters of the DVB hardware/software. It can be
+accessed through <emphasis role="tt">/dev/adapter0/demux0</emphasis>. Data types and and ioctl definitions can be
+accessed by including <emphasis role="tt">linux/dvb/dmx.h</emphasis> in your application.
+</para>
+<section id="dmx_types">
+<title>Demux Data Types</title>
+
+<section id="dmx_output_t">
+<title>dmx_output_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum
+ {
+ DMX_OUT_DECODER,
+ DMX_OUT_TAP,
+ DMX_OUT_TS_TAP
+ } dmx_output_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para><emphasis role="tt">DMX_OUT_TAP</emphasis> delivers the stream output to the demux device on which the ioctl is
+called.
+</para>
+<para><emphasis role="tt">DMX_OUT_TS_TAP</emphasis> routes output to the logical DVR device <emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/dvr0</emphasis>,
+which delivers a TS multiplexed from all filters for which <emphasis role="tt">DMX_OUT_TS_TAP</emphasis> was
+specified.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_input_t">
+<title>dmx_input_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum
+ {
+ DMX_IN_FRONTEND,
+ DMX_IN_DVR
+ } dmx_input_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_pes_type_t">
+<title>dmx_pes_type_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum
+ {
+ DMX_PES_AUDIO,
+ DMX_PES_VIDEO,
+ DMX_PES_TELETEXT,
+ DMX_PES_SUBTITLE,
+ DMX_PES_PCR,
+ DMX_PES_OTHER
+ } dmx_pes_type_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_event_t">
+<title>dmx_event_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum
+ {
+ DMX_SCRAMBLING_EV,
+ DMX_FRONTEND_EV
+ } dmx_event_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_scrambling_status_t">
+<title>dmx_scrambling_status_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum
+ {
+ DMX_SCRAMBLING_OFF,
+ DMX_SCRAMBLING_ON
+ } dmx_scrambling_status_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_filter">
+<title>struct dmx_filter</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef struct dmx_filter
+ {
+ uint8_t filter[DMX_FILTER_SIZE];
+ uint8_t mask[DMX_FILTER_SIZE];
+ } dmx_filter_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_sct_filter_params">
+<title>struct dmx_sct_filter_params</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ struct dmx_sct_filter_params
+ {
+ uint16_t pid;
+ dmx_filter_t filter;
+ uint32_t timeout;
+ uint32_t flags;
+ #define DMX_CHECK_CRC 1
+ #define DMX_ONESHOT 2
+ #define DMX_IMMEDIATE_START 4
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_pes_filter_params">
+<title>struct dmx_pes_filter_params</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ struct dmx_pes_filter_params
+ {
+ uint16_t pid;
+ dmx_input_t input;
+ dmx_output_t output;
+ dmx_pes_type_t pes_type;
+ uint32_t flags;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_event">
+<title>struct dmx_event</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ struct dmx_event
+ {
+ dmx_event_t event;
+ time_t timeStamp;
+ union
+ {
+ dmx_scrambling_status_t scrambling;
+ } u;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_stc">
+<title>struct dmx_stc</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ struct dmx_stc {
+ unsigned int num; /&#x22C6; input : which STC? 0..N &#x22C6;/
+ unsigned int base; /&#x22C6; output: divisor for stc to get 90 kHz clock &#x22C6;/
+ uint64_t stc; /&#x22C6; output: stc in 'base'&#x22C6;90 kHz units &#x22C6;/
+ };
+</programlisting>
+ </section>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_fcalls">
+<title>Demux Function Calls</title>
+
+<section id="dmx_fopen">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call, used with a device name of /dev/dvb/adapter0/demux0,
+ allocates a new filter and returns a handle which can be used for subsequent
+ control of that filter. This call has to be made for each filter to be used, i.e. every
+ returned file descriptor is a reference to a single filter. /dev/dvb/adapter0/dvr0
+ is a logical device to be used for retrieving Transport Streams for digital
+ video recording. When reading from this device a transport stream containing
+ the packets from all PES filters set in the corresponding demux device
+ (/dev/dvb/adapter0/demux0) having the output set to DMX_OUT_TS_TAP. A
+ recorded Transport Stream is replayed by writing to this device. </para>
+<para>The significance of blocking or non-blocking mode is described in the
+ documentation for functions where there is a difference. It does not affect the
+ semantics of the open() call itself. A device opened in blocking mode can later
+ be put into non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command
+ of the fcntl system call.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of demux device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EMFILE</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>&#8220;Too many open files&#8221;, i.e. no more filters available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOMEM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The driver failed to allocate enough memory.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_fclose">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call deactivates and deallocates a filter that was previously
+ allocated via the open() call.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_fread">
+<title>read()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call returns filtered data, which might be section or PES data. The
+ filtered data is transferred from the driver&#8217;s internal circular buffer to buf. The
+ maximum amount of data to be transferred is implied by count.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>When returning section data the driver always tries to return a complete single
+ section (even though buf would provide buffer space for more data). If the size
+ of the buffer is smaller than the section as much as possible will be returned,
+ and the remaining data will be provided in subsequent calls.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The size of the internal buffer is 2 * 4096 bytes (the size of two maximum
+ sized sections) by default. The size of this buffer may be changed by using the
+ DMX_SET_BUFFER_SIZE function. If the buffer is not large enough, or if
+ the read operations are not performed fast enough, this may result in a buffer
+ overflow error. In this case EOVERFLOW will be returned, and the circular
+ buffer will be emptied. This call is blocking if there is no data to return, i.e. the
+ process will be put to sleep waiting for data, unless the O_NONBLOCK flag
+ is specified.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Note that in order to be able to read, the filtering process has to be started
+ by defining either a section or a PES filter by means of the ioctl functions,
+ and then starting the filtering process via the DMX_START ioctl function
+ or by setting the DMX_IMMEDIATE_START flag. If the reading is done
+ from a logical DVR demux device, the data will constitute a Transport Stream
+ including the packets from all PES filters in the corresponding demux device
+ /dev/dvb/adapter0/demux0 having the output set to DMX_OUT_TS_TAP.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t read(int fd, void &#x22C6;buf, size_t count);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>void *buf</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the buffer to be used for returned filtered data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t count</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of buf.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EWOULDBLOCK</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No data to return and O_NONBLOCK was specified.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ECRC</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Last section had a CRC error - no data returned. The
+ buffer is flushed.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EOVERFLOW</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The filtered data was not read from the buffer in due
+ time, resulting in non-read data being lost. The buffer is
+ flushed.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ETIMEDOUT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The section was not loaded within the stated timeout
+ period. See ioctl DMX_SET_FILTER for how to set a
+ timeout.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The driver failed to write to the callers buffer due to an
+ invalid *buf pointer.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_fwrite">
+<title>write()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call is only provided by the logical device /dev/dvb/adapter0/dvr0,
+ associated with the physical demux device that provides the actual DVR
+ functionality. It is used for replay of a digitally recorded Transport Stream.
+ Matching filters have to be defined in the corresponding physical demux
+ device, /dev/dvb/adapter0/demux0. The amount of data to be transferred is
+ implied by count.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ssize_t write(int fd, const void &#x22C6;buf, size_t
+ count);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>void *buf</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the buffer containing the Transport Stream.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t count</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of buf.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EWOULDBLOCK</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No data was written. This
+ might happen if O_NONBLOCK was specified and there
+ is no more buffer space available (if O_NONBLOCK is
+ not specified the function will block until buffer space is
+ available).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This error code indicates that there are conflicting
+ requests. The corresponding demux device is setup to
+ receive data from the front- end. Make sure that these
+ filters are stopped and that the filters with input set to
+ DMX_IN_DVR are started.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_start">
+<title>DMX_START</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to start the actual filtering operation defined via the ioctl
+ calls DMX_SET_FILTER or DMX_SET_PES_FILTER.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request = DMX_START);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals DMX_START for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument, i.e. no filtering parameters provided via
+ the DMX_SET_FILTER or DMX_SET_PES_FILTER
+ functions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This error code indicates that there are conflicting
+ requests. There are active filters filtering data from
+ another input source. Make sure that these filters are
+ stopped before starting this filter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_stop">
+<title>DMX_STOP</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to stop the actual filtering operation defined via the
+ ioctl calls DMX_SET_FILTER or DMX_SET_PES_FILTER and started via
+ the DMX_START command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request = DMX_STOP);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals DMX_STOP for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_set_filter">
+<title>DMX_SET_FILTER</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call sets up a filter according to the filter and mask parameters
+ provided. A timeout may be defined stating number of seconds to wait for a
+ section to be loaded. A value of 0 means that no timeout should be applied.
+ Finally there is a flag field where it is possible to state whether a section should
+ be CRC-checked, whether the filter should be a &#8221;one-shot&#8221; filter, i.e. if the
+ filtering operation should be stopped after the first section is received, and
+ whether the filtering operation should be started immediately (without waiting
+ for a DMX_START ioctl call). If a filter was previously set-up, this filter will
+ be canceled, and the receive buffer will be flushed.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request = DMX_SET_FILTER,
+ struct dmx_sct_filter_params &#x22C6;params);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals DMX_SET_FILTER for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dmx_sct_filter_params
+ *params</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to structure containing filter parameters.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_set_pes_filter">
+<title>DMX_SET_PES_FILTER</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call sets up a PES filter according to the parameters provided. By a
+ PES filter is meant a filter that is based just on the packet identifier (PID), i.e.
+ no PES header or payload filtering capability is supported.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The transport stream destination for the filtered output may be set. Also the
+ PES type may be stated in order to be able to e.g. direct a video stream directly
+ to the video decoder. Finally there is a flag field where it is possible to state
+ whether the filtering operation should be started immediately (without waiting
+ for a DMX_START ioctl call). If a filter was previously set-up, this filter will
+ be cancelled, and the receive buffer will be flushed.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request = DMX_SET_PES_FILTER,
+ struct dmx_pes_filter_params &#x22C6;params);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals DMX_SET_PES_FILTER for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dmx_pes_filter_params
+ *params</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to structure containing filter parameters.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This error code indicates that there are conflicting
+ requests. There are active filters filtering data from
+ another input source. Make sure that these filters are
+ stopped before starting this filter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dms_set_buffer_size">
+<title>DMX_SET_BUFFER_SIZE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to set the size of the circular buffer used for filtered data.
+ The default size is two maximum sized sections, i.e. if this function is not called
+ a buffer size of 2 * 4096 bytes will be used.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request =
+ DMX_SET_BUFFER_SIZE, unsigned long size);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals DMX_SET_BUFFER_SIZE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>unsigned long size</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of circular buffer.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOMEM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The driver was not able to allocate a buffer of the
+ requested size.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_get_event">
+<title>DMX_GET_EVENT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns an event if available. If an event is not available,
+ the behavior depends on whether the device is in blocking or non-blocking
+ mode. In the latter case, the call fails immediately with errno set to
+ EWOULDBLOCK. In the former case, the call blocks until an event becomes
+ available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The standard Linux poll() and/or select() system calls can be used with the
+ device file descriptor to watch for new events. For select(), the file descriptor
+ should be included in the exceptfds argument, and for poll(), POLLPRI should
+ be specified as the wake-up condition. Only the latest event for each filter is
+ saved.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request = DMX_GET_EVENT,
+ struct dmx_event &#x22C6;ev);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals DMX_GET_EVENT for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct dmx_event *ev</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the location where the event is to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ev points to an invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EWOULDBLOCK</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>There is no event pending, and the device is in
+ non-blocking mode.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="dmx_get_stc">
+<title>DMX_GET_STC</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the current value of the system time counter (which is driven
+ by a PES filter of type DMX_PES_PCR). Some hardware supports more than one
+ STC, so you must specify which one by setting the num field of stc before the ioctl
+ (range 0...n). The result is returned in form of a ratio with a 64 bit numerator
+ and a 32 bit denominator, so the real 90kHz STC value is stc-&#x003E;stc /
+ stc-&#x003E;base
+ .</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request = DMX_GET_STC, struct
+ dmx_stc &#x22C6;stc);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals DMX_GET_STC for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct dmx_stc *stc</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the location where the stc is to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>stc points to an invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid stc number.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section></section>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbapi.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbapi.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4fc5b23470a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbapi.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
+<partinfo>
+<authorgroup>
+<author>
+<firstname>Ralph</firstname>
+<surname>Metzler</surname>
+<othername role="mi">J. K.</othername>
+<affiliation><address><email>rjkm@metzlerbros.de</email></address></affiliation>
+</author>
+<author>
+<firstname>Marcus</firstname>
+<surname>Metzler</surname>
+<othername role="mi">O. C.</othername>
+<affiliation><address><email>rjkm@metzlerbros.de</email></address></affiliation>
+</author>
+<author>
+<firstname>Mauro</firstname>
+<surname>Chehab</surname>
+<othername role="mi">Carvalho</othername>
+<affiliation><address><email>mchehab@redhat.com</email></address></affiliation>
+<contrib>Ported document to Docbook XML.</contrib>
+</author>
+</authorgroup>
+<copyright>
+ <year>2002</year>
+ <year>2003</year>
+ <year>2009</year>
+ <holder>Convergence GmbH</holder>
+</copyright>
+
+<revhistory>
+<!-- Put document revisions here, newest first. -->
+<revision>
+<revnumber>2.0.1</revnumber>
+<date>2009-09-16</date>
+<authorinitials>mcc</authorinitials>
+<revremark>
+Added ISDB-T test originally written by Patrick Boettcher
+</revremark>
+</revision>
+<revision>
+<revnumber>2.0.0</revnumber>
+<date>2009-09-06</date>
+<authorinitials>mcc</authorinitials>
+<revremark>Conversion from LaTex to DocBook XML. The
+ contents is the same as the original LaTex version.</revremark>
+</revision>
+<revision>
+<revnumber>1.0.0</revnumber>
+<date>2003-07-24</date>
+<authorinitials>rjkm</authorinitials>
+<revremark>Initial revision on LaTEX.</revremark>
+</revision>
+</revhistory>
+</partinfo>
+
+
+<title>LINUX DVB API</title>
+<subtitle>Version 3</subtitle>
+<!-- ADD THE CHAPTERS HERE -->
+ <chapter id="dvb_introdution">
+ &sub-intro;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_frontend">
+ &sub-frontend;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_demux">
+ &sub-demux;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_video">
+ &sub-video;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_audio">
+ &sub-audio;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_ca">
+ &sub-ca;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_net">
+ &sub-net;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_kdapi">
+ &sub-kdapi;
+ </chapter>
+ <chapter id="dvb_examples">
+ &sub-examples;
+ </chapter>
+<!-- END OF CHAPTERS -->
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbstb.pdf b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbstb.pdf
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0fa75d90c3eb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbstb.pdf
Binary files differ
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbstb.png b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbstb.png
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9b8f372e7afd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/dvbstb.png
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diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/examples.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/examples.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f037e568eb6e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/examples.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,365 @@
+<title>Examples</title>
+<para>In this section we would like to present some examples for using the DVB API.
+</para>
+<para>Maintainer note: This section is out of date. Please refer to the sample programs packaged
+with the driver distribution from <ulink url="http://linuxtv.org/hg/dvb-apps" />.
+</para>
+
+<section id="tuning">
+<title>Tuning</title>
+<para>We will start with a generic tuning subroutine that uses the frontend and SEC, as well as
+the demux devices. The example is given for QPSK tuners, but can easily be adjusted for
+QAM.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ #include &#x003C;sys/ioctl.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;stdio.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;stdint.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;sys/types.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;sys/stat.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;fcntl.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;time.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;unistd.h&#x003E;
+
+ #include &#x003C;linux/dvb/dmx.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;linux/dvb/frontend.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;linux/dvb/sec.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;sys/poll.h&#x003E;
+
+ #define DMX "/dev/dvb/adapter0/demux1"
+ #define FRONT "/dev/dvb/adapter0/frontend1"
+ #define SEC "/dev/dvb/adapter0/sec1"
+
+ /&#x22C6; routine for checking if we have a signal and other status information&#x22C6;/
+ int FEReadStatus(int fd, fe_status_t &#x22C6;stat)
+ {
+ int ans;
+
+ if ( (ans = ioctl(fd,FE_READ_STATUS,stat) &#x003C; 0)){
+ perror("FE READ STATUS: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (&#x22C6;stat &amp; FE_HAS_POWER)
+ printf("FE HAS POWER\n");
+
+ if (&#x22C6;stat &amp; FE_HAS_SIGNAL)
+ printf("FE HAS SIGNAL\n");
+
+ if (&#x22C6;stat &amp; FE_SPECTRUM_INV)
+ printf("SPEKTRUM INV\n");
+
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+
+ /&#x22C6; tune qpsk &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; freq: frequency of transponder &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; vpid, apid, tpid: PIDs of video, audio and teletext TS packets &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; diseqc: DiSEqC address of the used LNB &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; pol: Polarisation &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; srate: Symbol Rate &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; fec. FEC &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; lnb_lof1: local frequency of lower LNB band &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; lnb_lof2: local frequency of upper LNB band &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; lnb_slof: switch frequency of LNB &#x22C6;/
+
+ int set_qpsk_channel(int freq, int vpid, int apid, int tpid,
+ int diseqc, int pol, int srate, int fec, int lnb_lof1,
+ int lnb_lof2, int lnb_slof)
+ {
+ struct secCommand scmd;
+ struct secCmdSequence scmds;
+ struct dmx_pes_filter_params pesFilterParams;
+ FrontendParameters frp;
+ struct pollfd pfd[1];
+ FrontendEvent event;
+ int demux1, demux2, demux3, front;
+
+ frequency = (uint32_t) freq;
+ symbolrate = (uint32_t) srate;
+
+ if((front = open(FRONT,O_RDWR)) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("FRONTEND DEVICE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if((sec = open(SEC,O_RDWR)) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("SEC DEVICE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (demux1 &#x003C; 0){
+ if ((demux1=open(DMX, O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK))
+ &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DEMUX DEVICE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (demux2 &#x003C; 0){
+ if ((demux2=open(DMX, O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK))
+ &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DEMUX DEVICE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (demux3 &#x003C; 0){
+ if ((demux3=open(DMX, O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK))
+ &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DEMUX DEVICE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (freq &#x003C; lnb_slof) {
+ frp.Frequency = (freq - lnb_lof1);
+ scmds.continuousTone = SEC_TONE_OFF;
+ } else {
+ frp.Frequency = (freq - lnb_lof2);
+ scmds.continuousTone = SEC_TONE_ON;
+ }
+ frp.Inversion = INVERSION_AUTO;
+ if (pol) scmds.voltage = SEC_VOLTAGE_18;
+ else scmds.voltage = SEC_VOLTAGE_13;
+
+ scmd.type=0;
+ scmd.u.diseqc.addr=0x10;
+ scmd.u.diseqc.cmd=0x38;
+ scmd.u.diseqc.numParams=1;
+ scmd.u.diseqc.params[0] = 0xF0 | ((diseqc &#x22C6; 4) &amp; 0x0F) |
+ (scmds.continuousTone == SEC_TONE_ON ? 1 : 0) |
+ (scmds.voltage==SEC_VOLTAGE_18 ? 2 : 0);
+
+ scmds.miniCommand=SEC_MINI_NONE;
+ scmds.numCommands=1;
+ scmds.commands=&amp;scmd;
+ if (ioctl(sec, SEC_SEND_SEQUENCE, &amp;scmds) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("SEC SEND: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ if (ioctl(sec, SEC_SEND_SEQUENCE, &amp;scmds) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("SEC SEND: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ frp.u.qpsk.SymbolRate = srate;
+ frp.u.qpsk.FEC_inner = fec;
+
+ if (ioctl(front, FE_SET_FRONTEND, &amp;frp) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("QPSK TUNE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ pfd[0].fd = front;
+ pfd[0].events = POLLIN;
+
+ if (poll(pfd,1,3000)){
+ if (pfd[0].revents &amp; POLLIN){
+ printf("Getting QPSK event\n");
+ if ( ioctl(front, FE_GET_EVENT, &amp;event)
+
+ == -EOVERFLOW){
+ perror("qpsk get event");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printf("Received ");
+ switch(event.type){
+ case FE_UNEXPECTED_EV:
+ printf("unexpected event\n");
+ return -1;
+ case FE_FAILURE_EV:
+ printf("failure event\n");
+ return -1;
+
+ case FE_COMPLETION_EV:
+ printf("completion event\n");
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+
+ pesFilterParams.pid = vpid;
+ pesFilterParams.input = DMX_IN_FRONTEND;
+ pesFilterParams.output = DMX_OUT_DECODER;
+ pesFilterParams.pes_type = DMX_PES_VIDEO;
+ pesFilterParams.flags = DMX_IMMEDIATE_START;
+ if (ioctl(demux1, DMX_SET_PES_FILTER, &amp;pesFilterParams) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("set_vpid");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ pesFilterParams.pid = apid;
+ pesFilterParams.input = DMX_IN_FRONTEND;
+ pesFilterParams.output = DMX_OUT_DECODER;
+ pesFilterParams.pes_type = DMX_PES_AUDIO;
+ pesFilterParams.flags = DMX_IMMEDIATE_START;
+ if (ioctl(demux2, DMX_SET_PES_FILTER, &amp;pesFilterParams) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("set_apid");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ pesFilterParams.pid = tpid;
+ pesFilterParams.input = DMX_IN_FRONTEND;
+ pesFilterParams.output = DMX_OUT_DECODER;
+ pesFilterParams.pes_type = DMX_PES_TELETEXT;
+ pesFilterParams.flags = DMX_IMMEDIATE_START;
+ if (ioctl(demux3, DMX_SET_PES_FILTER, &amp;pesFilterParams) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("set_tpid");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return has_signal(fds);
+ }
+
+</programlisting>
+<para>The program assumes that you are using a universal LNB and a standard DiSEqC
+switch with up to 4 addresses. Of course, you could build in some more checking if
+tuning was successful and maybe try to repeat the tuning process. Depending on the
+external hardware, i.e. LNB and DiSEqC switch, and weather conditions this may be
+necessary.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="the_dvr_device">
+<title>The DVR device</title>
+<para>The following program code shows how to use the DVR device for recording.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ #include &#x003C;sys/ioctl.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;stdio.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;stdint.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;sys/types.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;sys/stat.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;fcntl.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;time.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;unistd.h&#x003E;
+
+ #include &#x003C;linux/dvb/dmx.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;linux/dvb/video.h&#x003E;
+ #include &#x003C;sys/poll.h&#x003E;
+ #define DVR "/dev/dvb/adapter0/dvr1"
+ #define AUDIO "/dev/dvb/adapter0/audio1"
+ #define VIDEO "/dev/dvb/adapter0/video1"
+
+ #define BUFFY (188&#x22C6;20)
+ #define MAX_LENGTH (1024&#x22C6;1024&#x22C6;5) /&#x22C6; record 5MB &#x22C6;/
+
+
+ /&#x22C6; switch the demuxes to recording, assuming the transponder is tuned &#x22C6;/
+
+ /&#x22C6; demux1, demux2: file descriptor of video and audio filters &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; vpid, apid: PIDs of video and audio channels &#x22C6;/
+
+ int switch_to_record(int demux1, int demux2, uint16_t vpid, uint16_t apid)
+ {
+ struct dmx_pes_filter_params pesFilterParams;
+
+ if (demux1 &#x003C; 0){
+ if ((demux1=open(DMX, O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK))
+ &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DEMUX DEVICE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (demux2 &#x003C; 0){
+ if ((demux2=open(DMX, O_RDWR|O_NONBLOCK))
+ &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DEMUX DEVICE: ");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ pesFilterParams.pid = vpid;
+ pesFilterParams.input = DMX_IN_FRONTEND;
+ pesFilterParams.output = DMX_OUT_TS_TAP;
+ pesFilterParams.pes_type = DMX_PES_VIDEO;
+ pesFilterParams.flags = DMX_IMMEDIATE_START;
+ if (ioctl(demux1, DMX_SET_PES_FILTER, &amp;pesFilterParams) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DEMUX DEVICE");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ pesFilterParams.pid = apid;
+ pesFilterParams.input = DMX_IN_FRONTEND;
+ pesFilterParams.output = DMX_OUT_TS_TAP;
+ pesFilterParams.pes_type = DMX_PES_AUDIO;
+ pesFilterParams.flags = DMX_IMMEDIATE_START;
+ if (ioctl(demux2, DMX_SET_PES_FILTER, &amp;pesFilterParams) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DEMUX DEVICE");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /&#x22C6; start recording MAX_LENGTH , assuming the transponder is tuned &#x22C6;/
+
+ /&#x22C6; demux1, demux2: file descriptor of video and audio filters &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; vpid, apid: PIDs of video and audio channels &#x22C6;/
+ int record_dvr(int demux1, int demux2, uint16_t vpid, uint16_t apid)
+ {
+ int i;
+ int len;
+ int written;
+ uint8_t buf[BUFFY];
+ uint64_t length;
+ struct pollfd pfd[1];
+ int dvr, dvr_out;
+
+ /&#x22C6; open dvr device &#x22C6;/
+ if ((dvr = open(DVR, O_RDONLY|O_NONBLOCK)) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("DVR DEVICE");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ /&#x22C6; switch video and audio demuxes to dvr &#x22C6;/
+ printf ("Switching dvr on\n");
+ i = switch_to_record(demux1, demux2, vpid, apid);
+ printf("finished: ");
+
+ printf("Recording %2.0f MB of test file in TS format\n",
+ MAX_LENGTH/(1024.0&#x22C6;1024.0));
+ length = 0;
+
+ /&#x22C6; open output file &#x22C6;/
+ if ((dvr_out = open(DVR_FILE,O_WRONLY|O_CREAT
+ |O_TRUNC, S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR
+ |S_IRGRP|S_IWGRP|S_IROTH|
+ S_IWOTH)) &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("Can't open file for dvr test");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ pfd[0].fd = dvr;
+ pfd[0].events = POLLIN;
+
+ /&#x22C6; poll for dvr data and write to file &#x22C6;/
+ while (length &#x003C; MAX_LENGTH ) {
+ if (poll(pfd,1,1)){
+ if (pfd[0].revents &amp; POLLIN){
+ len = read(dvr, buf, BUFFY);
+ if (len &#x003C; 0){
+ perror("recording");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (len &#x003E; 0){
+ written = 0;
+ while (written &#x003C; len)
+ written +=
+ write (dvr_out,
+ buf, len);
+ length += len;
+ printf("written %2.0f MB\r",
+ length/1024./1024.);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/frontend.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/frontend.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9d89a7b94fd5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/frontend.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,1766 @@
+<title>DVB Frontend API</title>
+
+<para>The DVB frontend device controls the tuner and DVB demodulator
+hardware. It can be accessed through <emphasis
+role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/frontend0</emphasis>. Data types and and
+ioctl definitions can be accessed by including <emphasis
+role="tt">linux/dvb/frontend.h</emphasis> in your application.</para>
+
+<para>DVB frontends come in three varieties: DVB-S (satellite), DVB-C
+(cable) and DVB-T (terrestrial). Transmission via the internet (DVB-IP)
+is not yet handled by this API but a future extension is possible. For
+DVB-S the frontend device also supports satellite equipment control
+(SEC) via DiSEqC and V-SEC protocols. The DiSEqC (digital SEC)
+specification is available from
+<ulink url="http://www.eutelsat.com/satellites/4_5_5.html">Eutelsat</ulink>.</para>
+
+<para>Note that the DVB API may also be used for MPEG decoder-only PCI
+cards, in which case there exists no frontend device.</para>
+
+<section id="frontend_types">
+<title>Frontend Data Types</title>
+
+<section id="frontend_type">
+<title>frontend type</title>
+
+<para>For historical reasons frontend types are named after the type of modulation used in
+transmission.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_type {
+ FE_QPSK, /&#x22C6; DVB-S &#x22C6;/
+ FE_QAM, /&#x22C6; DVB-C &#x22C6;/
+ FE_OFDM /&#x22C6; DVB-T &#x22C6;/
+ } fe_type_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_caps">
+<title>frontend capabilities</title>
+
+<para>Capabilities describe what a frontend can do. Some capabilities can only be supported for
+a specific frontend type.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_caps {
+ FE_IS_STUPID = 0,
+ FE_CAN_INVERSION_AUTO = 0x1,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_1_2 = 0x2,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_2_3 = 0x4,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_3_4 = 0x8,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_4_5 = 0x10,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_5_6 = 0x20,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_6_7 = 0x40,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_7_8 = 0x80,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_8_9 = 0x100,
+ FE_CAN_FEC_AUTO = 0x200,
+ FE_CAN_QPSK = 0x400,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_16 = 0x800,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_32 = 0x1000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_64 = 0x2000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_128 = 0x4000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_256 = 0x8000,
+ FE_CAN_QAM_AUTO = 0x10000,
+ FE_CAN_TRANSMISSION_MODE_AUTO = 0x20000,
+ FE_CAN_BANDWIDTH_AUTO = 0x40000,
+ FE_CAN_GUARD_INTERVAL_AUTO = 0x80000,
+ FE_CAN_HIERARCHY_AUTO = 0x100000,
+ FE_CAN_MUTE_TS = 0x80000000,
+ FE_CAN_CLEAN_SETUP = 0x40000000
+ } fe_caps_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_info">
+<title>frontend information</title>
+
+<para>Information about the frontend ca be queried with FE_GET_INFO.</para>
+
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_frontend_info {
+ char name[128];
+ fe_type_t type;
+ uint32_t frequency_min;
+ uint32_t frequency_max;
+ uint32_t frequency_stepsize;
+ uint32_t frequency_tolerance;
+ uint32_t symbol_rate_min;
+ uint32_t symbol_rate_max;
+ uint32_t symbol_rate_tolerance; /&#x22C6; ppm &#x22C6;/
+ uint32_t notifier_delay; /&#x22C6; ms &#x22C6;/
+ fe_caps_t caps;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_diseqc">
+<title>diseqc master command</title>
+
+<para>A message sent from the frontend to DiSEqC capable equipment.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_diseqc_master_cmd {
+ uint8_t msg [6]; /&#x22C6; { framing, address, command, data[3] } &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t msg_len; /&#x22C6; valid values are 3...6 &#x22C6;/
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+<section role="subsection">
+<title>diseqc slave reply</title>
+
+<para>A reply to the frontend from DiSEqC 2.0 capable equipment.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_diseqc_slave_reply {
+ uint8_t msg [4]; /&#x22C6; { framing, data [3] } &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t msg_len; /&#x22C6; valid values are 0...4, 0 means no msg &#x22C6;/
+ int timeout; /&#x22C6; return from ioctl after timeout ms with &#x22C6;/
+ }; /&#x22C6; errorcode when no message was received &#x22C6;/
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_diseqc_slave_reply">
+<title>diseqc slave reply</title>
+<para>The voltage is usually used with non-DiSEqC capable LNBs to switch the polarzation
+(horizontal/vertical). When using DiSEqC epuipment this voltage has to be switched
+consistently to the DiSEqC commands as described in the DiSEqC spec.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_sec_voltage {
+ SEC_VOLTAGE_13,
+ SEC_VOLTAGE_18
+ } fe_sec_voltage_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_sec_tone">
+<title>SEC continuous tone</title>
+
+<para>The continous 22KHz tone is usually used with non-DiSEqC capable LNBs to switch the
+high/low band of a dual-band LNB. When using DiSEqC epuipment this voltage has to
+be switched consistently to the DiSEqC commands as described in the DiSEqC
+spec.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_sec_tone_mode {
+ SEC_TONE_ON,
+ SEC_TONE_OFF
+ } fe_sec_tone_mode_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_sec_burst">
+<title>SEC tone burst</title>
+
+<para>The 22KHz tone burst is usually used with non-DiSEqC capable switches to select
+between two connected LNBs/satellites. When using DiSEqC epuipment this voltage has to
+be switched consistently to the DiSEqC commands as described in the DiSEqC
+spec.</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_sec_mini_cmd {
+ SEC_MINI_A,
+ SEC_MINI_B
+ } fe_sec_mini_cmd_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+<para></para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_status">
+<title>frontend status</title>
+<para>Several functions of the frontend device use the fe_status data type defined
+by</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_status {
+ FE_HAS_SIGNAL = 0x01, /&#x22C6; found something above the noise level &#x22C6;/
+ FE_HAS_CARRIER = 0x02, /&#x22C6; found a DVB signal &#x22C6;/
+ FE_HAS_VITERBI = 0x04, /&#x22C6; FEC is stable &#x22C6;/
+ FE_HAS_SYNC = 0x08, /&#x22C6; found sync bytes &#x22C6;/
+ FE_HAS_LOCK = 0x10, /&#x22C6; everything's working... &#x22C6;/
+ FE_TIMEDOUT = 0x20, /&#x22C6; no lock within the last ~2 seconds &#x22C6;/
+ FE_REINIT = 0x40 /&#x22C6; frontend was reinitialized, &#x22C6;/
+ } fe_status_t; /&#x22C6; application is recommned to reset &#x22C6;/
+</programlisting>
+<para>to indicate the current state and/or state changes of the frontend hardware.
+</para>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_params">
+<title>frontend parameters</title>
+<para>The kind of parameters passed to the frontend device for tuning depend on
+the kind of hardware you are using. All kinds of parameters are combined as an
+union in the FrontendParameters structure:</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_frontend_parameters {
+ uint32_t frequency; /&#x22C6; (absolute) frequency in Hz for QAM/OFDM &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; intermediate frequency in kHz for QPSK &#x22C6;/
+ fe_spectral_inversion_t inversion;
+ union {
+ struct dvb_qpsk_parameters qpsk;
+ struct dvb_qam_parameters qam;
+ struct dvb_ofdm_parameters ofdm;
+ } u;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+<para>For satellite QPSK frontends you have to use the <constant>QPSKParameters</constant> member defined by</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_qpsk_parameters {
+ uint32_t symbol_rate; /&#x22C6; symbol rate in Symbols per second &#x22C6;/
+ fe_code_rate_t fec_inner; /&#x22C6; forward error correction (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ };
+</programlisting>
+<para>for cable QAM frontend you use the <constant>QAMParameters</constant> structure</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_qam_parameters {
+ uint32_t symbol_rate; /&#x22C6; symbol rate in Symbols per second &#x22C6;/
+ fe_code_rate_t fec_inner; /&#x22C6; forward error correction (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ fe_modulation_t modulation; /&#x22C6; modulation type (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ };
+</programlisting>
+<para>DVB-T frontends are supported by the <constant>OFDMParamters</constant> structure
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dvb_ofdm_parameters {
+ fe_bandwidth_t bandwidth;
+ fe_code_rate_t code_rate_HP; /&#x22C6; high priority stream code rate &#x22C6;/
+ fe_code_rate_t code_rate_LP; /&#x22C6; low priority stream code rate &#x22C6;/
+ fe_modulation_t constellation; /&#x22C6; modulation type (see above) &#x22C6;/
+ fe_transmit_mode_t transmission_mode;
+ fe_guard_interval_t guard_interval;
+ fe_hierarchy_t hierarchy_information;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+<para>In the case of QPSK frontends the <constant>Frequency</constant> field specifies the intermediate
+frequency, i.e. the offset which is effectively added to the local oscillator frequency (LOF) of
+the LNB. The intermediate frequency has to be specified in units of kHz. For QAM and
+OFDM frontends the Frequency specifies the absolute frequency and is given in
+Hz.
+</para>
+<para>The Inversion field can take one of these values:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_spectral_inversion {
+ INVERSION_OFF,
+ INVERSION_ON,
+ INVERSION_AUTO
+ } fe_spectral_inversion_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>It indicates if spectral inversion should be presumed or not. In the automatic setting
+(<constant>INVERSION_AUTO</constant>) the hardware will try to figure out the correct setting by
+itself.
+</para>
+<para>The possible values for the <constant>FEC_inner</constant> field are
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_code_rate {
+ FEC_NONE = 0,
+ FEC_1_2,
+ FEC_2_3,
+ FEC_3_4,
+ FEC_4_5,
+ FEC_5_6,
+ FEC_6_7,
+ FEC_7_8,
+ FEC_8_9,
+ FEC_AUTO
+ } fe_code_rate_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>which correspond to error correction rates of 1/2, 2/3, etc., no error correction or auto
+detection.
+</para>
+<para>For cable and terrestrial frontends (QAM and OFDM) one also has to specify the quadrature
+modulation mode which can be one of the following:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_modulation {
+ QPSK,
+ QAM_16,
+ QAM_32,
+ QAM_64,
+ QAM_128,
+ QAM_256,
+ QAM_AUTO
+ } fe_modulation_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>Finally, there are several more parameters for OFDM:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_transmit_mode {
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_2K,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K,
+ TRANSMISSION_MODE_AUTO
+ } fe_transmit_mode_t;
+</programlisting>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_bandwidth {
+ BANDWIDTH_8_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_7_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_6_MHZ,
+ BANDWIDTH_AUTO
+ } fe_bandwidth_t;
+</programlisting>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_guard_interval {
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_32,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_16,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_8,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4,
+ GUARD_INTERVAL_AUTO
+ } fe_guard_interval_t;
+</programlisting>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum fe_hierarchy {
+ HIERARCHY_NONE,
+ HIERARCHY_1,
+ HIERARCHY_2,
+ HIERARCHY_4,
+ HIERARCHY_AUTO
+ } fe_hierarchy_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_events">
+<title>frontend events</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ struct dvb_frontend_event {
+ fe_status_t status;
+ struct dvb_frontend_parameters parameters;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+ </section>
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="frontend_fcalls">
+<title>Frontend Function Calls</title>
+
+<section id="frontend_f_open">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row>
+<entry align="char">
+<para>This system call opens a named frontend device (/dev/dvb/adapter0/frontend0)
+ for subsequent use. Usually the first thing to do after a successful open is to
+ find out the frontend type with FE_GET_INFO.</para>
+<para>The device can be opened in read-only mode, which only allows monitoring of
+ device status and statistics, or read/write mode, which allows any kind of use
+ (e.g. performing tuning operations.)
+</para>
+<para>In a system with multiple front-ends, it is usually the case that multiple devices
+ cannot be open in read/write mode simultaneously. As long as a front-end
+ device is opened in read/write mode, other open() calls in read/write mode will
+ either fail or block, depending on whether non-blocking or blocking mode was
+ specified. A front-end device opened in blocking mode can later be put into
+ non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command of the fcntl
+ system call. This is a standard system call, documented in the Linux manual
+ page for fcntl. When an open() call has succeeded, the device will be ready
+ for use in the specified mode. This implies that the corresponding hardware is
+ powered up, and that other front-ends may have been powered down to make
+ that possible.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of specific video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDONLY read-only access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_f_close">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call closes a previously opened front-end device. After closing
+ a front-end device, its corresponding hardware might be powered down
+ automatically.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_read_status">
+<title>FE_READ_STATUS</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns status information about the front-end. This call only
+ requires read-only access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_READ_STATUS,
+ fe_status_t &#x22C6;status);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_READ_STATUS for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct fe_status_t
+ *status</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to the location where the front-end status word is
+ to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>status points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_read_ber">
+<title>FE_READ_BER</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the bit error rate for the signal currently
+ received/demodulated by the front-end. For this command, read-only access to
+ the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_READ_BER,
+ uint32_t &#x22C6;ber);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_READ_BER for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>uint32_t *ber</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The bit error rate is stored into *ber.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ber points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOSIGNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>There is no signal, thus no meaningful bit error rate. Also
+ returned if the front-end is not turned on.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Function not available for this device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_read_snr">
+<title>FE_READ_SNR</title>
+
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the signal-to-noise ratio for the signal currently received
+ by the front-end. For this command, read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_READ_SNR, int16_t
+ &#x22C6;snr);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_READ_SNR for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int16_t *snr</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The signal-to-noise ratio is stored into *snr.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>snr points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOSIGNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>There is no signal, thus no meaningful signal strength
+ value. Also returned if front-end is not turned on.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Function not available for this device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_read_signal_strength">
+<title>FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the signal strength value for the signal currently received
+ by the front-end. For this command, read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request =
+ FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH, int16_t &#x22C6;strength);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_READ_SIGNAL_STRENGTH for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int16_t *strength</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The signal strength value is stored into *strength.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>status points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOSIGNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>There is no signal, thus no meaningful signal strength
+ value. Also returned if front-end is not turned on.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Function not available for this device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_read_ub">
+<title>FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns the number of uncorrected blocks detected by the device
+ driver during its lifetime. For meaningful measurements, the increment in block
+ count during a specific time interval should be calculated. For this command,
+ read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Note that the counter will wrap to zero after its maximum count has been
+ reached.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl( int fd, int request =
+ FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS, uint32_t &#x22C6;ublocks);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_READ_UNCORRECTED_BLOCKS for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>uint32_t *ublocks</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The total number of uncorrected blocks seen by the driver
+ so far.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ublocks points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Function not available for this device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_set_fe">
+<title>FE_SET_FRONTEND</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call starts a tuning operation using specified parameters. The result
+ of this call will be successful if the parameters were valid and the tuning could
+ be initiated. The result of the tuning operation in itself, however, will arrive
+ asynchronously as an event (see documentation for FE_GET_EVENT and
+ FrontendEvent.) If a new FE_SET_FRONTEND operation is initiated before
+ the previous one was completed, the previous operation will be aborted in favor
+ of the new one. This command requires read/write access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_SET_FRONTEND,
+ struct dvb_frontend_parameters &#x22C6;p);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_SET_FRONTEND for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_parameters
+ *p</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to parameters for tuning operation.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>p points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Maximum supported symbol rate reached.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_get_fe">
+<title>FE_GET_FRONTEND</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call queries the currently effective frontend parameters. For this
+ command, read-only access to the device is sufficient.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_GET_FRONTEND,
+ struct dvb_frontend_parameters &#x22C6;p);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_SET_FRONTEND for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_parameters
+ *p</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to parameters for tuning operation.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>p points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Maximum supported symbol rate reached.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_get_event">
+<title>FE_GET_EVENT</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns a frontend event if available. If an event is not
+ available, the behavior depends on whether the device is in blocking or
+ non-blocking mode. In the latter case, the call fails immediately with errno
+ set to EWOULDBLOCK. In the former case, the call blocks until an event
+ becomes available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The standard Linux poll() and/or select() system calls can be used with the
+ device file descriptor to watch for new events. For select(), the file descriptor
+ should be included in the exceptfds argument, and for poll(), POLLPRI should
+ be specified as the wake-up condition. Since the event queue allocated is
+ rather small (room for 8 events), the queue must be serviced regularly to avoid
+ overflow. If an overflow happens, the oldest event is discarded from the queue,
+ and an error (EOVERFLOW) occurs the next time the queue is read. After
+ reporting the error condition in this fashion, subsequent FE_GET_EVENT
+ calls will return events from the queue as usual.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>For the sake of implementation simplicity, this command requires read/write
+ access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = QPSK_GET_EVENT,
+ struct dvb_frontend_event &#x22C6;ev);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_GET_EVENT for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_event
+ *ev</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to the location where the event,</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>if any, is to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ev points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EWOULDBLOCK</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>There is no event pending, and the device is in
+ non-blocking mode.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EOVERFLOW</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Overflow in event queue - one or more events were lost.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_get_info">
+<title>FE_GET_INFO</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call returns information about the front-end. This call only requires
+ read-only access to the device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para> int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_GET_INFO, struct
+ dvb_frontend_info &#x22C6;info);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_GET_INFO for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_frontend_info
+ *info</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Points to the location where the front-end information is
+ to be stored.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>info points to invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_diseqc_reset_overload">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If the bus has been automatically powered off due to power overload, this ioctl
+ call restores the power to the bus. The call requires read/write access to the
+ device. This call has no effect if the device is manually powered off. Not all
+ DVB adapters support this ioctl.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_DISEQC_RESET_OVERLOAD for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Permission denied (needs read/write access).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error in the device driver.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_diseqc_send_master_cmd">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to send a a DiSEqC command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD, struct
+ dvb_diseqc_master_cmd &#x22C6;cmd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_DISEQC_SEND_MASTER_CMD for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_diseqc_master_cmd
+ *cmd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the command to be transmitted.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Seq points to an invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The data structure referred to by seq is invalid in some
+ way.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Permission denied (needs read/write access).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error in the device driver.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_diseqc_recv_slave_reply">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to receive reply to a DiSEqC 2.0 command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY, struct
+ dvb_diseqc_slave_reply &#x22C6;reply);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_DISEQC_RECV_SLAVE_REPLY for this
+ command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct
+ dvb_diseqc_slave_reply
+ *reply</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the command to be received.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Seq points to an invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The data structure referred to by seq is invalid in some
+ way.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Permission denied (needs read/write access).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error in the device driver.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_diseqc_send_burst">
+<title>FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This ioctl call is used to send a 22KHz tone burst.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST, fe_sec_mini_cmd_t burst);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_DISEQC_SEND_BURST for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fe_sec_mini_cmd_t
+ burst</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>burst A or B.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EFAULT</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Seq points to an invalid address.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The data structure referred to by seq is invalid in some
+ way.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Permission denied (needs read/write access).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error in the device driver.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_set_tone">
+<title>FE_SET_TONE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This call is used to set the generation of the continuous 22kHz tone. This call
+ requires read/write permissions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_SET_TONE,
+ fe_sec_tone_mode_t tone);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_SET_TONE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fe_sec_tone_mode_t
+ tone</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The requested tone generation mode (on/off).</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File not opened with read permissions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error in the device driver.</para>
+</entry>
+</row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="fe_set_voltage">
+<title>FE_SET_VOLTAGE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This call is used to set the bus voltage. This call requires read/write
+ permissions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request = FE_SET_VOLTAGE,
+ fe_sec_voltage_t voltage);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_SET_VOLTAGE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fe_sec_voltage_t
+ voltage</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The requested bus voltage.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File not opened with read permissions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error in the device driver.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+
+<section id="frontend_enable_high_lnb_volt">
+<title>FE_ENABLE_HIGH_LNB_VOLTAGE</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If high != 0 enables slightly higher voltages instead of 13/18V (to compensate
+ for long cables). This call requires read/write permissions. Not all DVB
+ adapters support this ioctl.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int ioctl(int fd, int request =
+ FE_ENABLE_HIGH_LNB_VOLTAGE, int high);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int request</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Equals FE_SET_VOLTAGE for this command.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int high</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The requested bus voltage.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EPERM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File not opened with read permissions.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error in the device driver.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+</section>
+</section>
+&sub-isdbt;
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/intro.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/intro.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0dc83f672ea2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/intro.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,191 @@
+<title>Introduction</title>
+
+<section id="requisites">
+<title>What you need to know</title>
+
+<para>The reader of this document is required to have some knowledge in
+the area of digital video broadcasting (DVB) and should be familiar with
+part I of the MPEG2 specification ISO/IEC 13818 (aka ITU-T H.222), i.e
+you should know what a program/transport stream (PS/TS) is and what is
+meant by a packetized elementary stream (PES) or an I-frame.</para>
+
+<para>Various DVB standards documents are available from
+<ulink url="http://www.dvb.org" /> and/or
+<ulink url="http://www.etsi.org" />.</para>
+
+<para>It is also necessary to know how to access unix/linux devices and
+how to use ioctl calls. This also includes the knowledge of C or C++.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="history">
+<title>History</title>
+
+<para>The first API for DVB cards we used at Convergence in late 1999
+was an extension of the Video4Linux API which was primarily developed
+for frame grabber cards. As such it was not really well suited to be
+used for DVB cards and their new features like recording MPEG streams
+and filtering several section and PES data streams at the same time.
+</para>
+
+<para>In early 2000, we were approached by Nokia with a proposal for a
+new standard Linux DVB API. As a commitment to the development of
+terminals based on open standards, Nokia and Convergence made it
+available to all Linux developers and published it on
+<ulink url="http://www.linuxtv.org/" /> in September 2000.
+Convergence is the maintainer of the Linux DVB API. Together with the
+LinuxTV community (i.e. you, the reader of this document), the Linux DVB
+API will be constantly reviewed and improved. With the Linux driver for
+the Siemens/Hauppauge DVB PCI card Convergence provides a first
+implementation of the Linux DVB API.</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="overview">
+<title>Overview</title>
+
+<figure id="stb_components">
+<title>Components of a DVB card/STB</title>
+<mediaobject>
+<imageobject>
+<imagedata fileref="dvbstb.pdf" format="PS" />
+</imageobject>
+<imageobject>
+<imagedata fileref="dvbstb.png" format="PNG" />
+</imageobject>
+</mediaobject>
+</figure>
+
+<para>A DVB PCI card or DVB set-top-box (STB) usually consists of the
+following main hardware components: </para>
+
+<itemizedlist>
+ <listitem>
+
+<para>Frontend consisting of tuner and DVB demodulator</para>
+
+<para>Here the raw signal reaches the DVB hardware from a satellite dish
+or antenna or directly from cable. The frontend down-converts and
+demodulates this signal into an MPEG transport stream (TS). In case of a
+satellite frontend, this includes a facility for satellite equipment
+control (SEC), which allows control of LNB polarization, multi feed
+switches or dish rotors.</para>
+
+</listitem>
+ <listitem>
+
+<para>Conditional Access (CA) hardware like CI adapters and smartcard slots
+</para>
+
+<para>The complete TS is passed through the CA hardware. Programs to
+which the user has access (controlled by the smart card) are decoded in
+real time and re-inserted into the TS.</para>
+
+</listitem>
+ <listitem>
+ <para>Demultiplexer which filters the incoming DVB stream</para>
+
+<para>The demultiplexer splits the TS into its components like audio and
+video streams. Besides usually several of such audio and video streams
+it also contains data streams with information about the programs
+offered in this or other streams of the same provider.</para>
+
+</listitem>
+<listitem>
+
+<para>MPEG2 audio and video decoder</para>
+
+<para>The main targets of the demultiplexer are the MPEG2 audio and
+video decoders. After decoding they pass on the uncompressed audio and
+video to the computer screen or (through a PAL/NTSC encoder) to a TV
+set.</para>
+
+
+</listitem>
+</itemizedlist>
+
+<para><xref linkend="stb_components" /> shows a crude schematic of the control and data flow
+between those components.</para>
+
+<para>On a DVB PCI card not all of these have to be present since some
+functionality can be provided by the main CPU of the PC (e.g. MPEG
+picture and sound decoding) or is not needed (e.g. for data-only uses
+like &#8220;internet over satellite&#8221;). Also not every card or STB
+provides conditional access hardware.</para>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="dvb_devices">
+<title>Linux DVB Devices</title>
+
+<para>The Linux DVB API lets you control these hardware components
+through currently six Unix-style character devices for video, audio,
+frontend, demux, CA and IP-over-DVB networking. The video and audio
+devices control the MPEG2 decoder hardware, the frontend device the
+tuner and the DVB demodulator. The demux device gives you control over
+the PES and section filters of the hardware. If the hardware does not
+support filtering these filters can be implemented in software. Finally,
+the CA device controls all the conditional access capabilities of the
+hardware. It can depend on the individual security requirements of the
+platform, if and how many of the CA functions are made available to the
+application through this device.</para>
+
+<para>All devices can be found in the <emphasis role="tt">/dev</emphasis>
+tree under <emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb</emphasis>. The individual devices
+are called:</para>
+
+<itemizedlist>
+<listitem>
+
+<para><emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapterN/audioM</emphasis>,</para>
+</listitem>
+<listitem>
+<para><emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapterN/videoM</emphasis>,</para>
+</listitem>
+<listitem>
+<para><emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapterN/frontendM</emphasis>,</para>
+</listitem>
+ <listitem>
+
+<para><emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapterN/netM</emphasis>,</para>
+</listitem>
+ <listitem>
+
+<para><emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapterN/demuxM</emphasis>,</para>
+</listitem>
+ <listitem>
+
+<para><emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapterN/caM</emphasis>,</para></listitem></itemizedlist>
+
+<para>where N enumerates the DVB PCI cards in a system starting
+from&#x00A0;0, and M enumerates the devices of each type within each
+adapter, starting from&#x00A0;0, too. We will omit the &#8220;<emphasis
+role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapterN/</emphasis>&#8221; in the further dicussion
+of these devices. The naming scheme for the devices is the same wheter
+devfs is used or not.</para>
+
+<para>More details about the data structures and function calls of all
+the devices are described in the following chapters.</para>
+
+</section>
+
+<section id="include_files">
+<title>API include files</title>
+
+<para>For each of the DVB devices a corresponding include file exists.
+The DVB API include files should be included in application sources with
+a partial path like:</para>
+
+
+<programlisting>
+ #include &#x003C;linux/dvb/frontend.h&#x003E;
+</programlisting>
+
+<para>To enable applications to support different API version, an
+additional include file <emphasis
+role="tt">linux/dvb/version.h</emphasis> exists, which defines the
+constant <emphasis role="tt">DVB_API_VERSION</emphasis>. This document
+describes <emphasis role="tt">DVB_API_VERSION&#x00A0;3</emphasis>.
+</para>
+
+</section>
+
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/isdbt.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/isdbt.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..92855222fccb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/isdbt.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,314 @@
+<section id="isdbt">
+ <title>ISDB-T frontend</title>
+ <para>This section describes shortly what are the possible parameters in the Linux
+ DVB-API called "S2API" and now DVB API 5 in order to tune an ISDB-T/ISDB-Tsb
+ demodulator:</para>
+
+ <para>This ISDB-T/ISDB-Tsb API extension should reflect all information
+ needed to tune any ISDB-T/ISDB-Tsb hardware. Of course it is possible
+ that some very sophisticated devices won't need certain parameters to
+ tune.</para>
+
+ <para>The information given here should help application writers to know how
+ to handle ISDB-T and ISDB-Tsb hardware using the Linux DVB-API.</para>
+
+ <para>The details given here about ISDB-T and ISDB-Tsb are just enough to
+ basically show the dependencies between the needed parameter values,
+ but surely some information is left out. For more detailed information
+ see the following documents:</para>
+
+ <para>ARIB STD-B31 - "Transmission System for Digital Terrestrial
+ Television Broadcasting" and</para>
+ <para>ARIB TR-B14 - "Operational Guidelines for Digital Terrestrial
+ Television Broadcasting".</para>
+
+ <para>In order to read this document one has to have some knowledge the
+ channel structure in ISDB-T and ISDB-Tsb. I.e. it has to be known to
+ the reader that an ISDB-T channel consists of 13 segments, that it can
+ have up to 3 layer sharing those segments, and things like that.</para>
+
+ <para>Parameters used by ISDB-T and ISDB-Tsb.</para>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-parms">
+ <title>Parameters that are common with DVB-T and ATSC</title>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-freq">
+ <title><constant>DTV_FREQUENCY</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Central frequency of the channel.</para>
+
+ <para>For ISDB-T the channels are usally transmitted with an offset of 143kHz. E.g. a
+ valid frequncy could be 474143 kHz. The stepping is bound to the bandwidth of
+ the channel which is 6MHz.</para>
+
+ <para>As in ISDB-Tsb the channel consists of only one or three segments the
+ frequency step is 429kHz, 3*429 respectively. As for ISDB-T the
+ central frequency of the channel is expected.</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-bw">
+ <title><constant>DTV_BANDWIDTH_HZ</constant> (optional)</title>
+
+ <para>Possible values:</para>
+
+ <para>For ISDB-T it should be always 6000000Hz (6MHz)</para>
+ <para>For ISDB-Tsb it can vary depending on the number of connected segments</para>
+
+ <para>Note: Hardware specific values might be given here, but standard
+ applications should not bother to set a value to this field as
+ standard demods are ignoring it anyway.</para>
+
+ <para>Bandwidth in ISDB-T is fixed (6MHz) or can be easily derived from
+ other parameters (DTV_ISDBT_SB_SEGMENT_IDX,
+ DTV_ISDBT_SB_SEGMENT_COUNT).</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-delivery-sys">
+ <title><constant>DTV_DELIVERY_SYSTEM</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Possible values: <constant>SYS_ISDBT</constant></para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-tx-mode">
+ <title><constant>DTV_TRANSMISSION_MODE</constant></title>
+
+ <para>ISDB-T supports three carrier/symbol-size: 8K, 4K, 2K. It is called
+ 'mode' in the standard: Mode 1 is 2K, mode 2 is 4K, mode 3 is 8K</para>
+
+ <para>Possible values: <constant>TRANSMISSION_MODE_2K</constant>, <constant>TRANSMISSION_MODE_8K</constant>,
+ <constant>TRANSMISSION_MODE_AUTO</constant>, <constant>TRANSMISSION_MODE_4K</constant></para>
+
+ <para>If <constant>DTV_TRANSMISSION_MODE</constant> is set the <constant>TRANSMISSION_MODE_AUTO</constant> the
+ hardware will try to find the correct FFT-size (if capable) and will
+ use TMCC to fill in the missing parameters.</para>
+
+ <para><constant>TRANSMISSION_MODE_4K</constant> is added at the same time as the other new parameters.</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-guard-interval">
+ <title><constant>DTV_GUARD_INTERVAL</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Possible values: <constant>GUARD_INTERVAL_1_32</constant>, <constant>GUARD_INTERVAL_1_16</constant>, <constant>GUARD_INTERVAL_1_8</constant>,
+ <constant>GUARD_INTERVAL_1_4</constant>, <constant>GUARD_INTERVAL_AUTO</constant></para>
+
+ <para>If <constant>DTV_GUARD_INTERVAL</constant> is set the <constant>GUARD_INTERVAL_AUTO</constant> the hardware will
+ try to find the correct guard interval (if capable) and will use TMCC to fill
+ in the missing parameters.</para>
+ </section>
+ </section>
+ <section id="isdbt-new-parms">
+ <title>ISDB-T only parameters</title>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-part-rec">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_PARTIAL_RECEPTION</constant></title>
+
+ <para><constant>If DTV_ISDBT_SOUND_BROADCASTING</constant> is '0' this bit-field represents whether
+ the channel is in partial reception mode or not.</para>
+
+ <para>If '1' <constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYERA_*</constant> values are assigned to the center segment and
+ <constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYERA_SEGMENT_COUNT</constant> has to be '1'.</para>
+
+ <para>If in addition <constant>DTV_ISDBT_SOUND_BROADCASTING</constant> is '1'
+ <constant>DTV_ISDBT_PARTIAL_RECEPTION</constant> represents whether this ISDB-Tsb channel
+ is consisting of one segment and layer or three segments and two layers.</para>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 0, 1, -1 (AUTO)</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-sound-bcast">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_SOUND_BROADCASTING</constant></title>
+
+ <para>This field represents whether the other DTV_ISDBT_*-parameters are
+ referring to an ISDB-T and an ISDB-Tsb channel. (See also
+ <constant>DTV_ISDBT_PARTIAL_RECEPTION</constant>).</para>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 0, 1, -1 (AUTO)</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-sb-ch-id">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_SB_SUBCHANNEL_ID</constant></title>
+
+ <para>This field only applies if <constant>DTV_ISDBT_SOUND_BROADCASTING</constant> is '1'.</para>
+
+ <para>(Note of the author: This might not be the correct description of the
+ <constant>SUBCHANNEL-ID</constant> in all details, but it is my understanding of the technical
+ background needed to program a device)</para>
+
+ <para>An ISDB-Tsb channel (1 or 3 segments) can be broadcasted alone or in a
+ set of connected ISDB-Tsb channels. In this set of channels every
+ channel can be received independently. The number of connected
+ ISDB-Tsb segment can vary, e.g. depending on the frequency spectrum
+ bandwidth available.</para>
+
+ <para>Example: Assume 8 ISDB-Tsb connected segments are broadcasted. The
+ broadcaster has several possibilities to put those channels in the
+ air: Assuming a normal 13-segment ISDB-T spectrum he can align the 8
+ segments from position 1-8 to 5-13 or anything in between.</para>
+
+ <para>The underlying layer of segments are subchannels: each segment is
+ consisting of several subchannels with a predefined IDs. A sub-channel
+ is used to help the demodulator to synchronize on the channel.</para>
+
+ <para>An ISDB-T channel is always centered over all sub-channels. As for
+ the example above, in ISDB-Tsb it is no longer as simple as that.</para>
+
+ <para><constant>The DTV_ISDBT_SB_SUBCHANNEL_ID</constant> parameter is used to give the
+ sub-channel ID of the segment to be demodulated.</para>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 0 .. 41, -1 (AUTO)</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-sb-seg-idx">
+
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_SB_SEGMENT_IDX</constant></title>
+
+ <para>This field only applies if <constant>DTV_ISDBT_SOUND_BROADCASTING</constant> is '1'.</para>
+
+ <para><constant>DTV_ISDBT_SB_SEGMENT_IDX</constant> gives the index of the segment to be
+ demodulated for an ISDB-Tsb channel where several of them are
+ transmitted in the connected manner.</para>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 0 .. <constant>DTV_ISDBT_SB_SEGMENT_COUNT</constant> - 1</para>
+
+ <para>Note: This value cannot be determined by an automatic channel search.</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-sb-seg-cnt">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_SB_SEGMENT_COUNT</constant></title>
+
+ <para>This field only applies if <constant>DTV_ISDBT_SOUND_BROADCASTING</constant> is '1'.</para>
+
+ <para><constant>DTV_ISDBT_SB_SEGMENT_COUNT</constant> gives the total count of connected ISDB-Tsb
+ channels.</para>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 1 .. 13</para>
+
+ <para>Note: This value cannot be determined by an automatic channel search.</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdb-hierq-layers">
+ <title>Hierarchical layers</title>
+
+ <para>ISDB-T channels can be coded hierarchically. As opposed to DVB-T in
+ ISDB-T hierarchical layers can be decoded simultaneously. For that
+ reason a ISDB-T demodulator has 3 viterbi and 3 reed-solomon-decoders.</para>
+
+ <para>ISDB-T has 3 hierarchical layers which each can use a part of the
+ available segments. The total number of segments over all layers has
+ to 13 in ISDB-T.</para>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-layer-ena">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER_ENABLED</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Hierarchical reception in ISDB-T is achieved by enabling or disabling
+ layers in the decoding process. Setting all bits of
+ <constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER_ENABLED</constant> to '1' forces all layers (if applicable) to be
+ demodulated. This is the default.</para>
+
+ <para>If the channel is in the partial reception mode
+ (<constant>DTV_ISDBT_PARTIAL_RECEPTION</constant> = 1) the central segment can be decoded
+ independently of the other 12 segments. In that mode layer A has to
+ have a <constant>SEGMENT_COUNT</constant> of 1.</para>
+
+ <para>In ISDB-Tsb only layer A is used, it can be 1 or 3 in ISDB-Tsb
+ according to <constant>DTV_ISDBT_PARTIAL_RECEPTION</constant>. <constant>SEGMENT_COUNT</constant> must be filled
+ accordingly.</para>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 0x1, 0x2, 0x4 (|-able)</para>
+
+ <para><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER_ENABLED[0:0]</constant> - layer A</para>
+ <para><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER_ENABLED[1:1]</constant> - layer B</para>
+ <para><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER_ENABLED[2:2]</constant> - layer C</para>
+ <para><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER_ENABLED[31:3]</constant> unused</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-layer-fec">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER*_FEC</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Possible values: <constant>FEC_AUTO</constant>, <constant>FEC_1_2</constant>, <constant>FEC_2_3</constant>, <constant>FEC_3_4</constant>, <constant>FEC_5_6</constant>, <constant>FEC_7_8</constant></para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-layer-mod">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER*_MODULATION</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Possible values: <constant>QAM_AUTO</constant>, QP<constant>SK, QAM_16</constant>, <constant>QAM_64</constant>, <constant>DQPSK</constant></para>
+
+ <para>Note: If layer C is <constant>DQPSK</constant> layer B has to be <constant>DQPSK</constant>. If layer B is <constant>DQPSK</constant>
+ and <constant>DTV_ISDBT_PARTIAL_RECEPTION</constant>=0 layer has to be <constant>DQPSK</constant>.</para>
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt-layer-seg-cnt">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER*_SEGMENT_COUNT</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, -1 (AUTO)</para>
+
+ <para>Note: Truth table for <constant>DTV_ISDBT_SOUND_BROADCASTING</constant> and
+ <constant>DTV_ISDBT_PARTIAL_RECEPTION</constant> and <constant>LAYER</constant>*_SEGMENT_COUNT</para>
+
+ <informaltable id="isdbt-layer_seg-cnt-table">
+ <tgroup cols="6">
+
+ <tbody>
+ <row>
+ <entry>PR</entry>
+ <entry>SB</entry>
+ <entry>Layer A width</entry>
+ <entry>Layer B width</entry>
+ <entry>Layer C width</entry>
+ <entry>total width</entry>
+ </row>
+
+ <row>
+ <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>1 .. 13</entry>
+ <entry>1 .. 13</entry>
+ <entry>1 .. 13</entry>
+ <entry>13</entry>
+ </row>
+
+ <row>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ <entry>1 .. 13</entry>
+ <entry>1 .. 13</entry>
+ <entry>13</entry>
+ </row>
+
+ <row>
+ <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ </row>
+
+ <row>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ <entry>1</entry>
+ <entry>2</entry>
+ <entry>0</entry>
+ <entry>13</entry>
+ </row>
+ </tbody>
+
+ </tgroup>
+ </informaltable>
+
+ </section>
+
+ <section id="isdbt_layer_t_interl">
+ <title><constant>DTV_ISDBT_LAYER*_TIME_INTERLEAVING</constant></title>
+
+ <para>Possible values: 0, 1, 2, 3, -1 (AUTO)</para>
+
+ <para>Note: The real inter-leaver depth-names depend on the mode (fft-size); the values
+ here are referring to what can be found in the TMCC-structure -
+ independent of the mode.</para>
+ </section>
+ </section>
+ </section>
+</section>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/kdapi.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/kdapi.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..6c67481eaa4b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/kdapi.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,2309 @@
+<title>Kernel Demux API</title>
+<para>The kernel demux API defines a driver-internal interface for registering low-level,
+hardware specific driver to a hardware independent demux layer. It is only of interest for
+DVB device driver writers. The header file for this API is named <emphasis role="tt">demux.h</emphasis> and located in
+<emphasis role="tt">drivers/media/dvb/dvb-core</emphasis>.
+</para>
+<para>Maintainer note: This section must be reviewed. It is probably out of date.
+</para>
+
+<section id="kernel_demux_data_types">
+<title>Kernel Demux Data Types</title>
+
+
+<section id="dmx_success_t">
+<title>dmx_success_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ DMX_OK = 0, /&#x22C6; Received Ok &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_LENGTH_ERROR, /&#x22C6; Incorrect length &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_OVERRUN_ERROR, /&#x22C6; Receiver ring buffer overrun &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_CRC_ERROR, /&#x22C6; Incorrect CRC &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_FRAME_ERROR, /&#x22C6; Frame alignment error &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_FIFO_ERROR, /&#x22C6; Receiver FIFO overrun &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_MISSED_ERROR /&#x22C6; Receiver missed packet &#x22C6;/
+ } dmx_success_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="ts_filter_types">
+<title>TS filter types</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; TS packet reception &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+
+ /&#x22C6; TS filter type for set_type() &#x22C6;/
+
+ #define TS_PACKET 1 /&#x22C6; send TS packets (188 bytes) to callback (default) &#x22C6;/
+ #define TS_PAYLOAD_ONLY 2 /&#x22C6; in case TS_PACKET is set, only send the TS
+ payload (&#x003C;=184 bytes per packet) to callback &#x22C6;/
+ #define TS_DECODER 4 /&#x22C6; send stream to built-in decoder (if present) &#x22C6;/
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="dmx_ts_pes_t">
+<title>dmx_ts_pes_t</title>
+<para>The structure
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum
+ {
+ DMX_TS_PES_AUDIO, /&#x22C6; also send packets to audio decoder (if it exists) &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_TS_PES_VIDEO, /&#x22C6; ... &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_TS_PES_TELETEXT,
+ DMX_TS_PES_SUBTITLE,
+ DMX_TS_PES_PCR,
+ DMX_TS_PES_OTHER,
+ } dmx_ts_pes_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>describes the PES type for filters which write to a built-in decoder. The correspond (and
+should be kept identical) to the types in the demux device.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct dmx_ts_feed_s {
+ int is_filtering; /&#x22C6; Set to non-zero when filtering in progress &#x22C6;/
+ struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; parent; /&#x22C6; Back-pointer &#x22C6;/
+ void&#x22C6; priv; /&#x22C6; Pointer to private data of the API client &#x22C6;/
+ int (&#x22C6;set) (struct dmx_ts_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ __u16 pid,
+ size_t callback_length,
+ size_t circular_buffer_size,
+ int descramble,
+ struct timespec timeout);
+ int (&#x22C6;start_filtering) (struct dmx_ts_feed_s&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;stop_filtering) (struct dmx_ts_feed_s&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;set_type) (struct dmx_ts_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ int type,
+ dmx_ts_pes_t pes_type);
+ };
+
+ typedef struct dmx_ts_feed_s dmx_ts_feed_t;
+</programlisting>
+ <programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; PES packet reception (not supported yet) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+
+ typedef struct dmx_pes_filter_s {
+ struct dmx_pes_s&#x22C6; parent; /&#x22C6; Back-pointer &#x22C6;/
+ void&#x22C6; priv; /&#x22C6; Pointer to private data of the API client &#x22C6;/
+ } dmx_pes_filter_t;
+</programlisting>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef struct dmx_pes_feed_s {
+ int is_filtering; /&#x22C6; Set to non-zero when filtering in progress &#x22C6;/
+ struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; parent; /&#x22C6; Back-pointer &#x22C6;/
+ void&#x22C6; priv; /&#x22C6; Pointer to private data of the API client &#x22C6;/
+ int (&#x22C6;set) (struct dmx_pes_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ __u16 pid,
+ size_t circular_buffer_size,
+ int descramble,
+ struct timespec timeout);
+ int (&#x22C6;start_filtering) (struct dmx_pes_feed_s&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;stop_filtering) (struct dmx_pes_feed_s&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;allocate_filter) (struct dmx_pes_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_pes_filter_t&#x22C6;&#x22C6; filter);
+ int (&#x22C6;release_filter) (struct dmx_pes_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_pes_filter_t&#x22C6; filter);
+ } dmx_pes_feed_t;
+</programlisting>
+ <programlisting>
+ typedef struct {
+ __u8 filter_value [DMX_MAX_FILTER_SIZE];
+ __u8 filter_mask [DMX_MAX_FILTER_SIZE];
+ struct dmx_section_feed_s&#x22C6; parent; /&#x22C6; Back-pointer &#x22C6;/
+ void&#x22C6; priv; /&#x22C6; Pointer to private data of the API client &#x22C6;/
+ } dmx_section_filter_t;
+</programlisting>
+ <programlisting>
+ struct dmx_section_feed_s {
+ int is_filtering; /&#x22C6; Set to non-zero when filtering in progress &#x22C6;/
+ struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; parent; /&#x22C6; Back-pointer &#x22C6;/
+ void&#x22C6; priv; /&#x22C6; Pointer to private data of the API client &#x22C6;/
+ int (&#x22C6;set) (struct dmx_section_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ __u16 pid,
+ size_t circular_buffer_size,
+ int descramble,
+ int check_crc);
+ int (&#x22C6;allocate_filter) (struct dmx_section_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_section_filter_t&#x22C6;&#x22C6; filter);
+ int (&#x22C6;release_filter) (struct dmx_section_feed_s&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_section_filter_t&#x22C6; filter);
+ int (&#x22C6;start_filtering) (struct dmx_section_feed_s&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;stop_filtering) (struct dmx_section_feed_s&#x22C6; feed);
+ };
+ typedef struct dmx_section_feed_s dmx_section_feed_t;
+
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; Callback functions &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+
+ typedef int (&#x22C6;dmx_ts_cb) ( __u8 &#x22C6; buffer1,
+ size_t buffer1_length,
+ __u8 &#x22C6; buffer2,
+ size_t buffer2_length,
+ dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6; source,
+ dmx_success_t success);
+
+ typedef int (&#x22C6;dmx_section_cb) ( __u8 &#x22C6; buffer1,
+ size_t buffer1_len,
+ __u8 &#x22C6; buffer2,
+ size_t buffer2_len,
+ dmx_section_filter_t &#x22C6; source,
+ dmx_success_t success);
+
+ typedef int (&#x22C6;dmx_pes_cb) ( __u8 &#x22C6; buffer1,
+ size_t buffer1_len,
+ __u8 &#x22C6; buffer2,
+ size_t buffer2_len,
+ dmx_pes_filter_t&#x22C6; source,
+ dmx_success_t success);
+
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; DVB Front-End &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+
+ typedef enum {
+ DMX_OTHER_FE = 0,
+ DMX_SATELLITE_FE,
+ DMX_CABLE_FE,
+ DMX_TERRESTRIAL_FE,
+ DMX_LVDS_FE,
+ DMX_ASI_FE, /&#x22C6; DVB-ASI interface &#x22C6;/
+ DMX_MEMORY_FE
+ } dmx_frontend_source_t;
+
+ typedef struct {
+ /&#x22C6; The following char&#x22C6; fields point to NULL terminated strings &#x22C6;/
+ char&#x22C6; id; /&#x22C6; Unique front-end identifier &#x22C6;/
+ char&#x22C6; vendor; /&#x22C6; Name of the front-end vendor &#x22C6;/
+ char&#x22C6; model; /&#x22C6; Name of the front-end model &#x22C6;/
+ struct list_head connectivity_list; /&#x22C6; List of front-ends that can
+ be connected to a particular
+ demux &#x22C6;/
+ void&#x22C6; priv; /&#x22C6; Pointer to private data of the API client &#x22C6;/
+ dmx_frontend_source_t source;
+ } dmx_frontend_t;
+
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; MPEG-2 TS Demux &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6;--------------------------------------------------------------------------&#x22C6;/
+
+ /&#x22C6;
+ &#x22C6; Flags OR'ed in the capabilites field of struct dmx_demux_s.
+ &#x22C6;/
+
+ #define DMX_TS_FILTERING 1
+ #define DMX_PES_FILTERING 2
+ #define DMX_SECTION_FILTERING 4
+ #define DMX_MEMORY_BASED_FILTERING 8 /&#x22C6; write() available &#x22C6;/
+ #define DMX_CRC_CHECKING 16
+ #define DMX_TS_DESCRAMBLING 32
+ #define DMX_SECTION_PAYLOAD_DESCRAMBLING 64
+ #define DMX_MAC_ADDRESS_DESCRAMBLING 128
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="demux_demux_t">
+<title>demux_demux_t</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6;
+ &#x22C6; DMX_FE_ENTRY(): Casts elements in the list of registered
+ &#x22C6; front-ends from the generic type struct list_head
+ &#x22C6; to the type &#x22C6; dmx_frontend_t
+ &#x22C6;.
+ &#x22C6;/
+
+ #define DMX_FE_ENTRY(list) list_entry(list, dmx_frontend_t, connectivity_list)
+
+ struct dmx_demux_s {
+ /&#x22C6; The following char&#x22C6; fields point to NULL terminated strings &#x22C6;/
+ char&#x22C6; id; /&#x22C6; Unique demux identifier &#x22C6;/
+ char&#x22C6; vendor; /&#x22C6; Name of the demux vendor &#x22C6;/
+ char&#x22C6; model; /&#x22C6; Name of the demux model &#x22C6;/
+ __u32 capabilities; /&#x22C6; Bitfield of capability flags &#x22C6;/
+ dmx_frontend_t&#x22C6; frontend; /&#x22C6; Front-end connected to the demux &#x22C6;/
+ struct list_head reg_list; /&#x22C6; List of registered demuxes &#x22C6;/
+ void&#x22C6; priv; /&#x22C6; Pointer to private data of the API client &#x22C6;/
+ int users; /&#x22C6; Number of users &#x22C6;/
+ int (&#x22C6;open) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux);
+ int (&#x22C6;close) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux);
+ int (&#x22C6;write) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux, const char&#x22C6; buf, size_t count);
+ int (&#x22C6;allocate_ts_feed) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6;&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_ts_cb callback);
+ int (&#x22C6;release_ts_feed) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;allocate_pes_feed) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_pes_feed_t&#x22C6;&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_pes_cb callback);
+ int (&#x22C6;release_pes_feed) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_pes_feed_t&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;allocate_section_feed) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_section_feed_t&#x22C6;&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_section_cb callback);
+ int (&#x22C6;release_section_feed) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_section_feed_t&#x22C6; feed);
+ int (&#x22C6;descramble_mac_address) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ __u8&#x22C6; buffer1,
+ size_t buffer1_length,
+ __u8&#x22C6; buffer2,
+ size_t buffer2_length,
+ __u16 pid);
+ int (&#x22C6;descramble_section_payload) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ __u8&#x22C6; buffer1,
+ size_t buffer1_length,
+ __u8&#x22C6; buffer2, size_t buffer2_length,
+ __u16 pid);
+ int (&#x22C6;add_frontend) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_frontend_t&#x22C6; frontend);
+ int (&#x22C6;remove_frontend) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_frontend_t&#x22C6; frontend);
+ struct list_head&#x22C6; (&#x22C6;get_frontends) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux);
+ int (&#x22C6;connect_frontend) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_frontend_t&#x22C6; frontend);
+ int (&#x22C6;disconnect_frontend) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux);
+
+
+ /&#x22C6; added because js cannot keep track of these himself &#x22C6;/
+ int (&#x22C6;get_pes_pids) (struct dmx_demux_s&#x22C6; demux, __u16 &#x22C6;pids);
+ };
+ typedef struct dmx_demux_s dmx_demux_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="demux_directory">
+<title>Demux directory</title>
+ <programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6;
+ &#x22C6; DMX_DIR_ENTRY(): Casts elements in the list of registered
+ &#x22C6; demuxes from the generic type struct list_head&#x22C6; to the type dmx_demux_t
+ &#x22C6;.
+ &#x22C6;/
+
+ #define DMX_DIR_ENTRY(list) list_entry(list, dmx_demux_t, reg_list)
+
+ int dmx_register_demux (dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux);
+ int dmx_unregister_demux (dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux);
+ struct list_head&#x22C6; dmx_get_demuxes (void);
+</programlisting>
+ </section></section>
+<section id="demux_directory_api">
+<title>Demux Directory API</title>
+<para>The demux directory is a Linux kernel-wide facility for registering and accessing the
+MPEG-2 TS demuxes in the system. Run-time registering and unregistering of demux drivers
+is possible using this API.
+</para>
+<para>All demux drivers in the directory implement the abstract interface dmx_demux_t.
+</para>
+
+<section
+role="subsection"><title>dmx_register_demux()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function makes a demux driver interface available to the Linux kernel. It is
+ usually called by the init_module() function of the kernel module that contains
+ the demux driver. The caller of this function is responsible for allocating
+ dynamic or static memory for the demux structure and for initializing its fields
+ before calling this function. The memory allocated for the demux structure
+ must not be freed before calling dmx_unregister_demux(),</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int dmx_register_demux ( dmx_demux_t &#x22C6;demux )</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*
+ demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux structure.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EEXIST</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A demux with the same value of the id field already stored
+ in the directory.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSPC</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No space left in the directory.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>dmx_unregister_demux()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function is called to indicate that the given demux interface is no
+ longer available. The caller of this function is responsible for freeing the
+ memory of the demux structure, if it was dynamically allocated before calling
+ dmx_register_demux(). The cleanup_module() function of the kernel module
+ that contains the demux driver should call this function. Note that this function
+ fails if the demux is currently in use, i.e., release_demux() has not been called
+ for the interface.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int dmx_unregister_demux ( dmx_demux_t &#x22C6;demux )</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*
+ demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux structure which is to be
+ unregistered.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The specified demux is not registered in the demux
+ directory.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The specified demux is currently in use.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>dmx_get_demuxes()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Provides the caller with the list of registered demux interfaces, using the
+ standard list structure defined in the include file linux/list.h. The include file
+ demux.h defines the macro DMX_DIR_ENTRY() for converting an element of
+ the generic type struct list_head* to the type dmx_demux_t*. The caller must
+ not free the memory of any of the elements obtained via this function call.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct list_head &#x22C6;dmx_get_demuxes ()</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>none</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct list_head *</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A list of demux interfaces, or NULL in the case of an
+ empty list.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section></section>
+<section id="demux_api">
+<title>Demux API</title>
+<para>The demux API should be implemented for each demux in the system. It is used to select
+the TS source of a demux and to manage the demux resources. When the demux
+client allocates a resource via the demux API, it receives a pointer to the API of that
+resource.
+</para>
+<para>Each demux receives its TS input from a DVB front-end or from memory, as set via the
+demux API. In a system with more than one front-end, the API can be used to select one of
+the DVB front-ends as a TS source for a demux, unless this is fixed in the HW platform. The
+demux API only controls front-ends regarding their connections with demuxes; the APIs
+used to set the other front-end parameters, such as tuning, are not defined in this
+document.
+</para>
+<para>The functions that implement the abstract interface demux should be defined static or
+module private and registered to the Demux Directory for external access. It is not necessary
+to implement every function in the demux_t struct, however (for example, a demux interface
+might support Section filtering, but not TS or PES filtering). The API client is expected to
+check the value of any function pointer before calling the function: the value of NULL means
+&#8220;function not available&#8221;.
+</para>
+<para>Whenever the functions of the demux API modify shared data, the possibilities of lost
+update and race condition problems should be addressed, e.g. by protecting parts of code with
+mutexes. This is especially important on multi-processor hosts.
+</para>
+<para>Note that functions called from a bottom half context must not sleep, at least in the 2.2.x
+kernels. Even a simple memory allocation can result in a kernel thread being put to sleep if
+swapping is needed. For example, the Linux kernel calls the functions of a network device
+interface from a bottom half context. Thus, if a demux API function is called from network
+device code, the function must not sleep.
+</para>
+
+
+<section id="kdapi_fopen">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function reserves the demux for use by the caller and, if necessary,
+ initializes the demux. When the demux is no longer needed, the function close()
+ should be called. It should be possible for multiple clients to access the demux
+ at the same time. Thus, the function implementation should increment the
+ demux usage count when open() is called and decrement it when close() is
+ called.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open ( demux_t&#x22C6; demux );</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>demux_t* demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EUSERS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Maximum usage count reached.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="kdapi_fclose">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function reserves the demux for use by the caller and, if necessary,
+ initializes the demux. When the demux is no longer needed, the function close()
+ should be called. It should be possible for multiple clients to access the demux
+ at the same time. Thus, the function implementation should increment the
+ demux usage count when open() is called and decrement it when close() is
+ called.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(demux_t&#x22C6; demux);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>demux_t* demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The demux was not in use.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="kdapi_fwrite">
+<title>write()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function provides the demux driver with a memory buffer containing TS
+ packets. Instead of receiving TS packets from the DVB front-end, the demux
+ driver software will read packets from memory. Any clients of this demux
+ with active TS, PES or Section filters will receive filtered data via the Demux
+ callback API (see 0). The function returns when all the data in the buffer has
+ been consumed by the demux. Demux hardware typically cannot read TS from
+ memory. If this is the case, memory-based filtering has to be implemented
+ entirely in software.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int write(demux_t&#x22C6; demux, const char&#x22C6; buf, size_t
+ count);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>demux_t* demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char* buf</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the TS data in kernel-space memory.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the TS data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The command is not implemented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>allocate_ts_feed()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Allocates a new TS feed, which is used to filter the TS packets carrying a
+ certain PID. The TS feed normally corresponds to a hardware PID filter on the
+ demux chip.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int allocate_ts_feed(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6;&#x22C6; feed, dmx_ts_cb callback);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>demux_t* demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_ts_feed_t**
+ feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the TS feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_ts_cb callback</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the callback function for passing received TS
+ packet</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No more TS feeds available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The command is not implemented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>release_ts_feed()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Releases the resources allocated with allocate_ts_feed(). Any filtering in
+ progress on the TS feed should be stopped before calling this function.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int release_ts_feed(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6; feed);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>demux_t* demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_ts_feed_t* feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the TS feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>allocate_section_feed()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Allocates a new section feed, i.e. a demux resource for filtering and receiving
+ sections. On platforms with hardware support for section filtering, a section
+ feed is directly mapped to the demux HW. On other platforms, TS packets are
+ first PID filtered in hardware and a hardware section filter then emulated in
+ software. The caller obtains an API pointer of type dmx_section_feed_t as an
+ out parameter. Using this API the caller can set filtering parameters and start
+ receiving sections.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int allocate_section_feed(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_section_feed_t &#x22C6;&#x22C6;feed, dmx_section_cb callback);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>demux_t *demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_feed_t
+ **feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the section feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_cb
+ callback</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the callback function for passing received
+ sections.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No more section feeds available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The command is not implemented.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>release_section_feed()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Releases the resources allocated with allocate_section_feed(), including
+ allocated filters. Any filtering in progress on the section feed should be stopped
+ before calling this function.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int release_section_feed(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_section_feed_t &#x22C6;feed);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>demux_t *demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_feed_t
+ *feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the section feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>descramble_mac_address()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function runs a descrambling algorithm on the destination MAC
+ address field of a DVB Datagram Section, replacing the original address
+ with its un-encrypted version. Otherwise, the description on the function
+ descramble_section_payload() applies also to this function.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int descramble_mac_address(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux, __u8
+ &#x22C6;buffer1, size_t buffer1_length, __u8 &#x22C6;buffer2,
+ size_t buffer2_length, __u16 pid);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t
+ *demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8 *buffer1</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the first byte of the section.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer1_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the section data, including headers and CRC,
+ in buffer1.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8* buffer2</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the tail of the section data, or NULL. The
+ pointer has a non-NULL value if the section wraps past
+ the end of a circular buffer.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer2_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the section data, including headers and CRC,
+ in buffer2.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u16 pid</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The PID on which the section was received. Useful
+ for obtaining the descrambling key, e.g. from a DVB
+ Common Access facility.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No descrambling facility available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>descramble_section_payload()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function runs a descrambling algorithm on the payload of a DVB
+ Datagram Section, replacing the original payload with its un-encrypted
+ version. The function will be called from the demux API implementation;
+ the API client need not call this function directly. Section-level scrambling
+ algorithms are currently standardized only for DVB-RCC (return channel
+ over 2-directional cable TV network) systems. For all other DVB networks,
+ encryption schemes are likely to be proprietary to each data broadcaster. Thus,
+ it is expected that this function pointer will have the value of NULL (i.e.,
+ function not available) in most demux API implementations. Nevertheless, it
+ should be possible to use the function pointer as a hook for dynamically adding
+ a &#8220;plug-in&#8221; descrambling facility to a demux driver.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>While this function is not needed with hardware-based section descrambling,
+ the descramble_section_payload function pointer can be used to override the
+ default hardware-based descrambling algorithm: if the function pointer has a
+ non-NULL value, the corresponding function should be used instead of any
+ descrambling hardware.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int descramble_section_payload(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux,
+ __u8 &#x22C6;buffer1, size_t buffer1_length, __u8 &#x22C6;buffer2,
+ size_t buffer2_length, __u16 pid);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t
+ *demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8 *buffer1</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the first byte of the section.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer1_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the section data, including headers and CRC,
+ in buffer1.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8 *buffer2</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the tail of the section data, or NULL. The
+ pointer has a non-NULL value if the section wraps past
+ the end of a circular buffer.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer2_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the section data, including headers and CRC,
+ in buffer2.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u16 pid</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The PID on which the section was received. Useful
+ for obtaining the descrambling key, e.g. from a DVB
+ Common Access facility.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No descrambling facility available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>add_frontend()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Registers a connectivity between a demux and a front-end, i.e., indicates that
+ the demux can be connected via a call to connect_frontend() to use the given
+ front-end as a TS source. The client of this function has to allocate dynamic or
+ static memory for the frontend structure and initialize its fields before calling
+ this function. This function is normally called during the driver initialization.
+ The caller must not free the memory of the frontend struct before successfully
+ calling remove_frontend().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int add_frontend(dmx_demux_t &#x22C6;demux, dmx_frontend_t
+ &#x22C6;frontend);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*
+ demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_frontend_t*
+ frontend</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the front-end instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EEXIST</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A front-end with the same value of the id field already
+ registered.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINUSE</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The demux is in use.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOMEM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No more front-ends can be added.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>remove_frontend()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates that the given front-end, registered by a call to add_frontend(), can
+ no longer be connected as a TS source by this demux. The function should be
+ called when a front-end driver or a demux driver is removed from the system.
+ If the front-end is in use, the function fails with the return value of -EBUSY.
+ After successfully calling this function, the caller can free the memory of
+ the frontend struct if it was dynamically allocated before the add_frontend()
+ operation.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int remove_frontend(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_frontend_t&#x22C6; frontend);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*
+ demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_frontend_t*
+ frontend</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the front-end instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The front-end is in use, i.e. a call to connect_frontend()
+ has not been followed by a call to disconnect_frontend().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>get_frontends()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Provides the APIs of the front-ends that have been registered for this demux.
+ Any of the front-ends obtained with this call can be used as a parameter for
+ connect_frontend().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The include file demux.h contains the macro DMX_FE_ENTRY() for
+ converting an element of the generic type struct list_head* to the type
+ dmx_frontend_t*. The caller must not free the memory of any of the elements
+ obtained via this function call.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct list_head&#x22C6; get_frontends(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*
+ demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A list of front-end interfaces, or NULL in the case of an
+ empty list.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>connect_frontend()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Connects the TS output of the front-end to the input of the demux. A demux
+ can only be connected to a front-end registered to the demux with the function
+ add_frontend().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>It may or may not be possible to connect multiple demuxes to the same
+ front-end, depending on the capabilities of the HW platform. When not used,
+ the front-end should be released by calling disconnect_frontend().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int connect_frontend(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux,
+ dmx_frontend_t&#x22C6; frontend);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*
+ demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_frontend_t*
+ frontend</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the front-end instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The front-end is in use.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>disconnect_frontend()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Disconnects the demux and a front-end previously connected by a
+ connect_frontend() call.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int disconnect_frontend(dmx_demux_t&#x22C6; demux);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_demux_t*
+ demux</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the demux API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section></section>
+<section id="demux_callback_api">
+<title>Demux Callback API</title>
+<para>This kernel-space API comprises the callback functions that deliver filtered data to the
+demux client. Unlike the other APIs, these API functions are provided by the client and called
+from the demux code.
+</para>
+<para>The function pointers of this abstract interface are not packed into a structure as in the
+other demux APIs, because the callback functions are registered and used independent
+of each other. As an example, it is possible for the API client to provide several
+callback functions for receiving TS packets and no callbacks for PES packets or
+sections.
+</para>
+<para>The functions that implement the callback API need not be re-entrant: when a demux
+driver calls one of these functions, the driver is not allowed to call the function again before
+the original call returns. If a callback is triggered by a hardware interrupt, it is recommended
+to use the Linux &#8220;bottom half&#8221; mechanism or start a tasklet instead of making the callback
+function call directly from a hardware interrupt.
+</para>
+
+<section
+role="subsection"><title>dmx_ts_cb()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function, provided by the client of the demux API, is called from the
+ demux code. The function is only called when filtering on this TS feed has
+ been enabled using the start_filtering() function.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Any TS packets that match the filter settings are copied to a circular buffer. The
+ filtered TS packets are delivered to the client using this callback function. The
+ size of the circular buffer is controlled by the circular_buffer_size parameter
+ of the set() function in the TS Feed API. It is expected that the buffer1 and
+ buffer2 callback parameters point to addresses within the circular buffer, but
+ other implementations are also possible. Note that the called party should not
+ try to free the memory the buffer1 and buffer2 parameters point to.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>When this function is called, the buffer1 parameter typically points to the
+ start of the first undelivered TS packet within a circular buffer. The buffer2
+ buffer parameter is normally NULL, except when the received TS packets have
+ crossed the last address of the circular buffer and &#8221;wrapped&#8221; to the beginning
+ of the buffer. In the latter case the buffer1 parameter would contain an address
+ within the circular buffer, while the buffer2 parameter would contain the first
+ address of the circular buffer.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The number of bytes delivered with this function (i.e. buffer1_length +
+ buffer2_length) is usually equal to the value of callback_length parameter
+ given in the set() function, with one exception: if a timeout occurs before
+ receiving callback_length bytes of TS data, any undelivered packets are
+ immediately delivered to the client by calling this function. The timeout
+ duration is controlled by the set() function in the TS Feed API.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If a TS packet is received with errors that could not be fixed by the TS-level
+ forward error correction (FEC), the Transport_error_indicator flag of the TS
+ packet header should be set. The TS packet should not be discarded, as
+ the error can possibly be corrected by a higher layer protocol. If the called
+ party is slow in processing the callback, it is possible that the circular buffer
+ eventually fills up. If this happens, the demux driver should discard any TS
+ packets received while the buffer is full. The error should be indicated to the
+ client on the next callback by setting the success parameter to the value of
+ DMX_OVERRUN_ERROR.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The type of data returned to the callback can be selected by the new
+ function int (*set_type) (struct dmx_ts_feed_s* feed, int type, dmx_ts_pes_t
+ pes_type) which is part of the dmx_ts_feed_s struct (also cf. to the
+ include file ost/demux.h) The type parameter decides if the raw TS packet
+ (TS_PACKET) or just the payload (TS_PACKET&#8212;TS_PAYLOAD_ONLY)
+ should be returned. If additionally the TS_DECODER bit is set the stream
+ will also be sent to the hardware MPEG decoder. In this case, the second
+ flag decides as what kind of data the stream should be interpreted. The
+ possible choices are one of DMX_TS_PES_AUDIO, DMX_TS_PES_VIDEO,
+ DMX_TS_PES_TELETEXT, DMX_TS_PES_SUBTITLE,
+ DMX_TS_PES_PCR, or DMX_TS_PES_OTHER.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int dmx_ts_cb(__u8&#x22C6; buffer1, size_t buffer1_length,
+ __u8&#x22C6; buffer2, size_t buffer2_length, dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6;
+ source, dmx_success_t success);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8* buffer1</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the start of the filtered TS packets.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer1_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the TS data in buffer1.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8* buffer2</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the tail of the filtered TS packets, or NULL.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer2_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the TS data in buffer2.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_ts_feed_t*
+ source</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates which TS feed is the source of the callback.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_success_t
+ success</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates if there was an error in TS reception.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Continue filtering.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-1</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Stop filtering - has the same effect as a call to
+ stop_filtering() on the TS Feed API.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>dmx_section_cb()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function, provided by the client of the demux API, is called from the
+ demux code. The function is only called when filtering of sections has been
+ enabled using the function start_filtering() of the section feed API. When the
+ demux driver has received a complete section that matches at least one section
+ filter, the client is notified via this callback function. Normally this function is
+ called for each received section; however, it is also possible to deliver multiple
+ sections with one callback, for example when the system load is high. If an
+ error occurs while receiving a section, this function should be called with
+ the corresponding error type set in the success field, whether or not there is
+ data to deliver. The Section Feed implementation should maintain a circular
+ buffer for received sections. However, this is not necessary if the Section Feed
+ API is implemented as a client of the TS Feed API, because the TS Feed
+ implementation then buffers the received data. The size of the circular buffer
+ can be configured using the set() function in the Section Feed API. If there
+ is no room in the circular buffer when a new section is received, the section
+ must be discarded. If this happens, the value of the success parameter should
+ be DMX_OVERRUN_ERROR on the next callback.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int dmx_section_cb(__u8&#x22C6; buffer1, size_t
+ buffer1_length, __u8&#x22C6; buffer2, size_t
+ buffer2_length, dmx_section_filter_t&#x22C6; source,
+ dmx_success_t success);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8* buffer1</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the start of the filtered section, e.g. within the
+ circular buffer of the demux driver.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer1_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the filtered section data in buffer1, including
+ headers and CRC.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u8* buffer2</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the tail of the filtered section data, or NULL.
+ Useful to handle the wrapping of a circular buffer.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t buffer2_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Length of the filtered section data in buffer2, including
+ headers and CRC.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_filter_t*
+ filter</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates the filter that triggered the callback.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_success_t
+ success</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Indicates if there was an error in section reception.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Continue filtering.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-1</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Stop filtering - has the same effect as a call to
+ stop_filtering() on the Section Feed API.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section></section>
+<section id="ts_feed_api">
+<title>TS Feed API</title>
+<para>A TS feed is typically mapped to a hardware PID filter on the demux chip.
+Using this API, the client can set the filtering properties to start/stop filtering TS
+packets on a particular TS feed. The API is defined as an abstract interface of the type
+dmx_ts_feed_t.
+</para>
+<para>The functions that implement the interface should be defined static or module private. The
+client can get the handle of a TS feed API by calling the function allocate_ts_feed() in the
+demux API.
+</para>
+
+<section
+role="subsection"><title>set()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function sets the parameters of a TS feed. Any filtering in progress on the
+ TS feed must be stopped before calling this function.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int set ( dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6; feed, __u16 pid, size_t
+ callback_length, size_t circular_buffer_size, int
+ descramble, struct timespec timeout);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_ts_feed_t* feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the TS feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u16 pid</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>PID value to filter. Only the TS packets carrying the
+ specified PID will be passed to the API client.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t
+ callback_length</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Number of bytes to deliver with each call to the
+ dmx_ts_cb() callback function. The value of this
+ parameter should be a multiple of 188.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t
+ circular_buffer_size</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of the circular buffer for the filtered TS packets.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int descramble</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If non-zero, descramble the filtered TS packets.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>struct timespec
+ timeout</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Maximum time to wait before delivering received TS
+ packets to the client.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOMEM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Not enough memory for the requested buffer size.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No descrambling facility available for TS.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>start_filtering()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Starts filtering TS packets on this TS feed, according to its settings. The PID
+ value to filter can be set by the API client. All matching TS packets are
+ delivered asynchronously to the client, using the callback function registered
+ with allocate_ts_feed().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int start_filtering(dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6; feed);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_ts_feed_t* feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the TS feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>stop_filtering()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Stops filtering TS packets on this TS feed.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int stop_filtering(dmx_ts_feed_t&#x22C6; feed);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_ts_feed_t* feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the TS feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+ </section></section>
+<section id="section_feed_api">
+<title>Section Feed API</title>
+<para>A section feed is a resource consisting of a PID filter and a set of section filters. Using this
+API, the client can set the properties of a section feed and to start/stop filtering. The API is
+defined as an abstract interface of the type dmx_section_feed_t. The functions that implement
+the interface should be defined static or module private. The client can get the handle of
+a section feed API by calling the function allocate_section_feed() in the demux
+API.
+</para>
+<para>On demux platforms that provide section filtering in hardware, the Section Feed API
+implementation provides a software wrapper for the demux hardware. Other platforms may
+support only PID filtering in hardware, requiring that TS packets are converted to sections in
+software. In the latter case the Section Feed API implementation can be a client of the TS
+Feed API.
+</para>
+
+</section>
+<section id="kdapi_set">
+<title>set()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function sets the parameters of a section feed. Any filtering in progress on
+ the section feed must be stopped before calling this function. If descrambling
+ is enabled, the payload_scrambling_control and address_scrambling_control
+ fields of received DVB datagram sections should be observed. If either one is
+ non-zero, the section should be descrambled either in hardware or using the
+ functions descramble_mac_address() and descramble_section_payload() of the
+ demux API. Note that according to the MPEG-2 Systems specification, only
+ the payloads of private sections can be scrambled while the rest of the section
+ data must be sent in the clear.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int set(dmx_section_feed_t&#x22C6; feed, __u16 pid, size_t
+ circular_buffer_size, int descramble, int
+ check_crc);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_feed_t*
+ feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the section feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>__u16 pid</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>PID value to filter; only the TS packets carrying the
+ specified PID will be accepted.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t
+ circular_buffer_size</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of the circular buffer for filtered sections.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int descramble</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If non-zero, descramble any sections that are scrambled.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int check_crc</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>If non-zero, check the CRC values of filtered sections.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOMEM</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Not enough memory for the requested buffer size.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSYS</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No descrambling facility available for sections.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameters.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>allocate_filter()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function is used to allocate a section filter on the demux. It should only be
+ called when no filtering is in progress on this section feed. If a filter cannot be
+ allocated, the function fails with -ENOSPC. See in section ?? for the format of
+ the section filter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The bitfields filter_mask and filter_value should only be modified when no
+ filtering is in progress on this section feed. filter_mask controls which bits of
+ filter_value are compared with the section headers/payload. On a binary value
+ of 1 in filter_mask, the corresponding bits are compared. The filter only accepts
+ sections that are equal to filter_value in all the tested bit positions. Any changes
+ to the values of filter_mask and filter_value are guaranteed to take effect only
+ when the start_filtering() function is called next time. The parent pointer in
+ the struct is initialized by the API implementation to the value of the feed
+ parameter. The priv pointer is not used by the API implementation, and can
+ thus be freely utilized by the caller of this function. Any data pointed to by the
+ priv pointer is available to the recipient of the dmx_section_cb() function call.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>While the maximum section filter length (DMX_MAX_FILTER_SIZE) is
+ currently set at 16 bytes, hardware filters of that size are not available on all
+ platforms. Therefore, section filtering will often take place first in hardware,
+ followed by filtering in software for the header bytes that were not covered
+ by a hardware filter. The filter_mask field can be checked to determine how
+ many bytes of the section filter are actually used, and if the hardware filter will
+ suffice. Additionally, software-only section filters can optionally be allocated
+ to clients when all hardware section filters are in use. Note that on most demux
+ hardware it is not possible to filter on the section_length field of the section
+ header &#8211; thus this field is ignored, even though it is included in filter_value and
+ filter_mask fields.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int allocate_filter(dmx_section_feed_t&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_section_filter_t&#x22C6;&#x22C6; filter);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_feed_t*
+ feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the section feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_filter_t**
+ filter</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the allocated filter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENOSPC</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No filters of given type and length available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameters.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>release_filter()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This function releases all the resources of a previously allocated section filter.
+ The function should not be called while filtering is in progress on this section
+ feed. After calling this function, the caller should not try to dereference the
+ filter pointer.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int release_filter ( dmx_section_feed_t&#x22C6; feed,
+ dmx_section_filter_t&#x22C6; filter);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_feed_t*
+ feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the section feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_filter_t*
+ filter</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>I/O Pointer to the instance data of a section filter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>No such filter allocated.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>start_filtering()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Starts filtering sections on this section feed, according to its settings. Sections
+ are first filtered based on their PID and then matched with the section
+ filters allocated for this feed. If the section matches the PID filter and
+ at least one section filter, it is delivered to the API client. The section
+ is delivered asynchronously using the callback function registered with
+ allocate_section_feed().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int start_filtering ( dmx_section_feed_t&#x22C6; feed );</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_feed_t*
+ feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the section feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section><section
+role="subsection"><title>stop_filtering()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Stops filtering sections on this section feed. Note that any changes to the
+ filtering parameters (filter_value, filter_mask, etc.) should only be made when
+ filtering is stopped.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int stop_filtering ( dmx_section_feed_t&#x22C6; feed );</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>dmx_section_feed_t*
+ feed</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the section feed API and instance data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>RETURNS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>0</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>The function was completed without errors.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>-EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Bad parameter.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/net.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/net.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..94e388d94c0d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/net.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@
+<title>DVB Network API</title>
+<para>The DVB net device enables feeding of MPE (multi protocol encapsulation) packets
+received via DVB into the Linux network protocol stack, e.g. for internet via satellite
+applications. It can be accessed through <emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/net0</emphasis>. Data types and
+and ioctl definitions can be accessed by including <emphasis role="tt">linux/dvb/net.h</emphasis> in your
+application.
+</para>
+<section id="dvb_net_types">
+<title>DVB Net Data Types</title>
+<para>To be written&#x2026;
+</para>
+</section>
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/video.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/video.xml
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7bb287e67c8e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/dvb/video.xml
@@ -0,0 +1,1971 @@
+<title>DVB Video Device</title>
+<para>The DVB video device controls the MPEG2 video decoder of the DVB hardware. It
+can be accessed through <emphasis role="tt">/dev/dvb/adapter0/video0</emphasis>. Data types and and
+ioctl definitions can be accessed by including <emphasis role="tt">linux/dvb/video.h</emphasis> in your
+application.
+</para>
+<para>Note that the DVB video device only controls decoding of the MPEG video stream, not
+its presentation on the TV or computer screen. On PCs this is typically handled by an
+associated video4linux device, e.g. <emphasis role="tt">/dev/video</emphasis>, which allows scaling and defining output
+windows.
+</para>
+<para>Some DVB cards don&#8217;t have their own MPEG decoder, which results in the omission of
+the audio and video device as well as the video4linux device.
+</para>
+<para>The ioctls that deal with SPUs (sub picture units) and navigation packets are only
+supported on some MPEG decoders made for DVD playback.
+</para>
+<section id="video_types">
+<title>Video Data Types</title>
+
+<section id="video_format_t">
+<title>video_format_t</title>
+<para>The <emphasis role="tt">video_format_t</emphasis> data type defined by
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_FORMAT_4_3,
+ VIDEO_FORMAT_16_9
+ } video_format_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>is used in the VIDEO_SET_FORMAT function (??) to tell the driver which aspect ratio
+the output hardware (e.g. TV) has. It is also used in the data structures video_status
+(??) returned by VIDEO_GET_STATUS (??) and video_event (??) returned by
+VIDEO_GET_EVENT (??) which report about the display format of the current video
+stream.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_display_format_t">
+<title>video_display_format_t</title>
+<para>In case the display format of the video stream and of the display hardware differ the
+application has to specify how to handle the cropping of the picture. This can be done using
+the VIDEO_SET_DISPLAY_FORMAT call (??) which accepts
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_PAN_SCAN,
+ VIDEO_LETTER_BOX,
+ VIDEO_CENTER_CUT_OUT
+ } video_display_format_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>as argument.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_stream_source">
+<title>video stream source</title>
+<para>The video stream source is set through the VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE call and can take
+the following values, depending on whether we are replaying from an internal (demuxer) or
+external (user write) source.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_SOURCE_DEMUX,
+ VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY
+ } video_stream_source_t;
+</programlisting>
+<para>VIDEO_SOURCE_DEMUX selects the demultiplexer (fed either by the frontend or the
+DVR device) as the source of the video stream. If VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY
+is selected the stream comes from the application through the <emphasis role="tt">write()</emphasis> system
+call.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_play_state">
+<title>video play state</title>
+<para>The following values can be returned by the VIDEO_GET_STATUS call representing the
+state of video playback.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_STOPPED,
+ VIDEO_PLAYING,
+ VIDEO_FREEZED
+ } video_play_state_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_event">
+<title>struct video_event</title>
+<para>The following is the structure of a video event as it is returned by the VIDEO_GET_EVENT
+call.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct video_event {
+ int32_t type;
+ time_t timestamp;
+ union {
+ video_format_t video_format;
+ } u;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_status">
+<title>struct video_status</title>
+<para>The VIDEO_GET_STATUS call returns the following structure informing about various
+states of the playback operation.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ struct video_status {
+ boolean video_blank;
+ video_play_state_t play_state;
+ video_stream_source_t stream_source;
+ video_format_t video_format;
+ video_displayformat_t display_format;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+<para>If video_blank is set video will be blanked out if the channel is changed or if playback is
+stopped. Otherwise, the last picture will be displayed. play_state indicates if the video is
+currently frozen, stopped, or being played back. The stream_source corresponds to the seleted
+source for the video stream. It can come either from the demultiplexer or from memory.
+The video_format indicates the aspect ratio (one of 4:3 or 16:9) of the currently
+played video stream. Finally, display_format corresponds to the selected cropping
+mode in case the source video format is not the same as the format of the output
+device.
+</para>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_still_picture">
+<title>struct video_still_picture</title>
+<para>An I-frame displayed via the VIDEO_STILLPICTURE call is passed on within the
+following structure.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6; pointer to and size of a single iframe in memory &#x22C6;/
+ struct video_still_picture {
+ char &#x22C6;iFrame;
+ int32_t size;
+ };
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_caps">
+<title>video capabilities</title>
+<para>A call to VIDEO_GET_CAPABILITIES returns an unsigned integer with the following
+bits set according to the hardwares capabilities.
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ /&#x22C6; bit definitions for capabilities: &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; can the hardware decode MPEG1 and/or MPEG2? &#x22C6;/
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_MPEG1 1
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_MPEG2 2
+ /&#x22C6; can you send a system and/or program stream to video device?
+ (you still have to open the video and the audio device but only
+ send the stream to the video device) &#x22C6;/
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_SYS 4
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_PROG 8
+ /&#x22C6; can the driver also handle SPU, NAVI and CSS encoded data?
+ (CSS API is not present yet) &#x22C6;/
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_SPU 16
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_NAVI 32
+ #define VIDEO_CAP_CSS 64
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_system">
+<title>video system</title>
+<para>A call to VIDEO_SET_SYSTEM sets the desired video system for TV output. The
+following system types can be set:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef enum {
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PAL,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_NTSC,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALN,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALNc,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALM,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_NTSC60,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PAL60,
+ VIDEO_SYSTEM_PALM60
+ } video_system_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+<section id="video_highlight">
+<title>struct video_highlight</title>
+<para>Calling the ioctl VIDEO_SET_HIGHLIGHTS posts the SPU highlight information. The
+call expects the following format for that information:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_highlight {
+ boolean active; /&#x22C6; 1=show highlight, 0=hide highlight &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t contrast1; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Pattern pixel contrast &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Background pixel contrast &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t contrast2; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Emphasis pixel-2 contrast &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Emphasis pixel-1 contrast &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t color1; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Pattern pixel color &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Background pixel color &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t color2; /&#x22C6; 7- 4 Emphasis pixel-2 color &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 3- 0 Emphasis pixel-1 color &#x22C6;/
+ uint32_t ypos; /&#x22C6; 23-22 auto action mode &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 21-12 start y &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 9- 0 end y &#x22C6;/
+ uint32_t xpos; /&#x22C6; 23-22 button color number &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 21-12 start x &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 9- 0 end x &#x22C6;/
+ } video_highlight_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video_spu">
+<title>video SPU</title>
+<para>Calling VIDEO_SET_SPU deactivates or activates SPU decoding, according to the
+following format:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_spu {
+ boolean active;
+ int stream_id;
+ } video_spu_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video_spu_palette">
+<title>video SPU palette</title>
+<para>The following structure is used to set the SPU palette by calling VIDEO_SPU_PALETTE:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_spu_palette{
+ int length;
+ uint8_t &#x22C6;palette;
+ } video_spu_palette_t;
+</programlisting>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video_navi_pack">
+<title>video NAVI pack</title>
+<para>In order to get the navigational data the following structure has to be passed to the ioctl
+VIDEO_GET_NAVI:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef
+ struct video_navi_pack{
+ int length; /&#x22C6; 0 ... 1024 &#x22C6;/
+ uint8_t data[1024];
+ } video_navi_pack_t;
+</programlisting>
+</section>
+
+
+<section id="video_attributes">
+<title>video attributes</title>
+<para>The following attributes can be set by a call to VIDEO_SET_ATTRIBUTES:
+</para>
+<programlisting>
+ typedef uint16_t video_attributes_t;
+ /&#x22C6; bits: descr. &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 15-14 Video compression mode (0=MPEG-1, 1=MPEG-2) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 13-12 TV system (0=525/60, 1=625/50) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 11-10 Aspect ratio (0=4:3, 3=16:9) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 9- 8 permitted display mode on 4:3 monitor (0=both, 1=only pan-sca &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 7 line 21-1 data present in GOP (1=yes, 0=no) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 6 line 21-2 data present in GOP (1=yes, 0=no) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 5- 3 source resolution (0=720x480/576, 1=704x480/576, 2=352x480/57 &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 2 source letterboxed (1=yes, 0=no) &#x22C6;/
+ /&#x22C6; 0 film/camera mode (0=camera, 1=film (625/50 only)) &#x22C6;/
+</programlisting>
+</section></section>
+
+
+<section id="video_function_calls">
+<title>Video Function Calls</title>
+
+
+<section id="video_fopen">
+<title>open()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call opens a named video device (e.g. /dev/dvb/adapter0/video0)
+ for subsequent use.</para>
+<para>When an open() call has succeeded, the device will be ready for use.
+ The significance of blocking or non-blocking mode is described in the
+ documentation for functions where there is a difference. It does not affect the
+ semantics of the open() call itself. A device opened in blocking mode can later
+ be put into non-blocking mode (and vice versa) using the F_SETFL command
+ of the fcntl system call. This is a standard system call, documented in the Linux
+ manual page for fcntl. Only one user can open the Video Device in O_RDWR
+ mode. All other attempts to open the device in this mode will fail, and an
+ error-code will be returned. If the Video Device is opened in O_RDONLY
+ mode, the only ioctl call that can be used is VIDEO_GET_STATUS. All other
+ call will return an error code.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int open(const char &#x22C6;deviceName, int flags);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>const char
+ *deviceName</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Name of specific video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int flags</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>A bit-wise OR of the following flags:</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDONLY read-only access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_RDWR read/write access</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>O_NONBLOCK open in non-blocking mode</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>(blocking mode is the default)</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>ENODEV</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device driver not loaded/available.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINTERNAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Internal error.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBUSY</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Device or resource busy.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EINVAL</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Invalid argument.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video_fclose">
+<title>close()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call closes a previously opened video device.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int close(int fd);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>ERRORS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>EBADF</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>fd is not a valid open file descriptor.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+
+</section>
+<section id="video_fwrite">
+<title>write()</title>
+<para>DESCRIPTION
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>This system call can only be used if VIDEO_SOURCE_MEMORY is selected
+ in the ioctl call VIDEO_SELECT_SOURCE. The data provided shall be in
+ PES format, unless the capability allows other formats. If O_NONBLOCK is
+ not specified the function will block until buffer space is available. The amount
+ of data to be transferred is implied by count.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>SYNOPSIS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="1"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t write(int fd, const void &#x22C6;buf, size_t count);</para>
+</entry>
+ </row></tbody></tgroup></informaltable>
+<para>PARAMETERS
+</para>
+<informaltable><tgroup cols="2"><tbody><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>int fd</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>File descriptor returned by a previous call to open().</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>void *buf</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Pointer to the buffer containing the PES data.</para>
+</entry>
+ </row><row><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>size_t count</para>
+</entry><entry
+ align="char">
+<para>Size of buf.</para>