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authorChristoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>2015-08-30 15:01:27 +0200
committerChristoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>2015-10-22 23:01:44 +0200
commit4b4b4512da2a844b8da2585609b67fae1ce4f4db (patch)
tree6b5560b0c7d867a9c23f5aedcda5a8579a488803 /virt
parent4cf1bc4c7cbf35983e565ab491142af59f03bb22 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-4b4b4512da2a844b8da2585609b67fae1ce4f4db.tar.gz
arm/arm64: KVM: Rework the arch timer to use level-triggered semantics
The arch timer currently uses edge-triggered semantics in the sense that the line is never sampled by the vgic and lowering the line from the timer to the vgic doesn't have any effect on the pending state of virtual interrupts in the vgic. This means that we do not support a guest with the otherwise valid behavior of (1) disable interrupts (2) enable the timer (3) disable the timer (4) enable interrupts. Such a guest would validly not expect to see any interrupts on real hardware, but will see interrupts on KVM. This patch fixes this shortcoming through the following series of changes. First, we change the flow of the timer/vgic sync/flush operations. Now the timer is always flushed/synced before the vgic, because the vgic samples the state of the timer output. This has the implication that we move the timer operations in to non-preempible sections, but that is fine after the previous commit getting rid of hrtimer schedules on every entry/exit. Second, we change the internal behavior of the timer, letting the timer keep track of its previous output state, and only lower/raise the line to the vgic when the state changes. Note that in theory this could have been accomplished more simply by signalling the vgic every time the state *potentially* changed, but we don't want to be hitting the vgic more often than necessary. Third, we get rid of the use of the map->active field in the vgic and instead simply set the interrupt as active on the physical distributor whenever the input to the GIC is asserted and conversely clear the physical active state when the input to the GIC is deasserted. Fourth, and finally, we now initialize the timer PPIs (and all the other unused PPIs for now), to be level-triggered, and modify the sync code to sample the line state on HW sync and re-inject a new interrupt if it is still pending at that time. Signed-off-by: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@linaro.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'virt')
-rw-r--r--virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c81
-rw-r--r--virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c102
2 files changed, 82 insertions, 101 deletions
diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
index 32095fbb5d7c..523816d8c402 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
@@ -59,18 +59,6 @@ static void timer_disarm(struct arch_timer_cpu *timer)
}
}
-static void kvm_timer_inject_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
-{
- int ret;
- struct arch_timer_cpu *timer = &vcpu->arch.timer_cpu;
-
- kvm_vgic_set_phys_irq_active(timer->map, true);
- ret = kvm_vgic_inject_mapped_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu->vcpu_id,
- timer->map,
- timer->irq->level);
- WARN_ON(ret);
-}
-
static irqreturn_t kvm_arch_timer_handler(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu = *(struct kvm_vcpu **)dev_id;
@@ -116,8 +104,7 @@ static bool kvm_timer_irq_can_fire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
struct arch_timer_cpu *timer = &vcpu->arch.timer_cpu;
return !(timer->cntv_ctl & ARCH_TIMER_CTRL_IT_MASK) &&
- (timer->cntv_ctl & ARCH_TIMER_CTRL_ENABLE) &&
- !kvm_vgic_get_phys_irq_active(timer->map);
+ (timer->cntv_ctl & ARCH_TIMER_CTRL_ENABLE);
}
bool kvm_timer_should_fire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
@@ -134,6 +121,41 @@ bool kvm_timer_should_fire(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
return cval <= now;
}
+static void kvm_timer_update_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool new_level)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct arch_timer_cpu *timer = &vcpu->arch.timer_cpu;
+
+ BUG_ON(!vgic_initialized(vcpu->kvm));
+
+ timer->irq.level = new_level;
+ ret = kvm_vgic_inject_mapped_irq(vcpu->kvm, vcpu->vcpu_id,
+ timer->map,
+ timer->irq.level);
+ WARN_ON(ret);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if there was a change in the timer state (should we raise or lower
+ * the line level to the GIC).
+ */
+static void kvm_timer_update_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ struct arch_timer_cpu *timer = &vcpu->arch.timer_cpu;
+
+ /*
+ * If userspace modified the timer registers via SET_ONE_REG before
+ * the vgic was initialized, we mustn't set the timer->irq.level value
+ * because the guest would never see the interrupt. Instead wait
+ * until we call this function from kvm_timer_flush_hwstate.
+ */
+ if (!vgic_initialized(vcpu->kvm))
+ return;
+
+ if (kvm_timer_should_fire(vcpu) != timer->irq.level)
+ kvm_timer_update_irq(vcpu, !timer->irq.level);
+}
+
/*
* Schedule the background timer before calling kvm_vcpu_block, so that this
* thread is removed from its waitqueue and made runnable when there's a timer
@@ -192,17 +214,20 @@ void kvm_timer_flush_hwstate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
bool phys_active;
int ret;
- if (kvm_timer_should_fire(vcpu))
- kvm_timer_inject_irq(vcpu);
+ kvm_timer_update_state(vcpu);
/*
- * We keep track of whether the edge-triggered interrupt has been
- * signalled to the vgic/guest, and if so, we mask the interrupt and
- * the physical distributor to prevent the timer from raising a
- * physical interrupt whenever we run a guest, preventing forward
- * VCPU progress.
+ * If we enter the guest with the virtual input level to the VGIC
+ * asserted, then we have already told the VGIC what we need to, and
+ * we don't need to exit from the guest until the guest deactivates
+ * the already injected interrupt, so therefore we should set the
+ * hardware active state to prevent unnecessary exits from the guest.
+ *
+ * Conversely, if the virtual input level is deasserted, then always
+ * clear the hardware active state to ensure that hardware interrupts
+ * from the timer triggers a guest exit.
*/
- if (kvm_vgic_get_phys_irq_active(timer->map))
+ if (timer->irq.level)
phys_active = true;
else
phys_active = false;
@@ -226,8 +251,11 @@ void kvm_timer_sync_hwstate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
BUG_ON(timer_is_armed(timer));
- if (kvm_timer_should_fire(vcpu))
- kvm_timer_inject_irq(vcpu);
+ /*
+ * The guest could have modified the timer registers or the timer
+ * could have expired, update the timer state.
+ */
+ kvm_timer_update_state(vcpu);
}
int kvm_timer_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
@@ -242,7 +270,7 @@ int kvm_timer_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
* kvm_vcpu_set_target(). To handle this, we determine
* vcpu timer irq number when the vcpu is reset.
*/
- timer->irq = irq;
+ timer->irq.irq = irq->irq;
/*
* The bits in CNTV_CTL are architecturally reset to UNKNOWN for ARMv8
@@ -251,6 +279,7 @@ int kvm_timer_vcpu_reset(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
* the ARMv7 architecture.
*/
timer->cntv_ctl = 0;
+ kvm_timer_update_state(vcpu);
/*
* Tell the VGIC that the virtual interrupt is tied to a
@@ -295,6 +324,8 @@ int kvm_arm_timer_set_reg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 regid, u64 value)
default:
return -1;
}
+
+ kvm_timer_update_state(vcpu);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c b/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c
index a44ecf9eca4e..3c2909c1bda3 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/arm/vgic.c
@@ -537,34 +537,6 @@ bool vgic_handle_set_pending_reg(struct kvm *kvm,
return false;
}
-/*
- * If a mapped interrupt's state has been modified by the guest such that it
- * is no longer active or pending, without it have gone through the sync path,
- * then the map->active field must be cleared so the interrupt can be taken
- * again.
- */
-static void vgic_handle_clear_mapped_irq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
-{
- struct vgic_cpu *vgic_cpu = &vcpu->arch.vgic_cpu;
- struct list_head *root;
- struct irq_phys_map_entry *entry;
- struct irq_phys_map *map;
-
- rcu_read_lock();
-
- /* Check for PPIs */
- root = &vgic_cpu->irq_phys_map_list;
- list_for_each_entry_rcu(entry, root, entry) {
- map = &entry->map;
-
- if (!vgic_dist_irq_is_pending(vcpu, map->virt_irq) &&
- !vgic_irq_is_active(vcpu, map->virt_irq))
- map->active = false;
- }
-
- rcu_read_unlock();
-}
-
bool vgic_handle_clear_pending_reg(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_exit_mmio *mmio,
phys_addr_t offset, int vcpu_id)
@@ -595,7 +567,6 @@ bool vgic_handle_clear_pending_reg(struct kvm *kvm,
vcpu_id, offset);
vgic_reg_access(mmio, reg, offset, mode);
- vgic_handle_clear_mapped_irq(kvm_get_vcpu(kvm, vcpu_id));
vgic_update_state(kvm);
return true;
}
@@ -633,7 +604,6 @@ bool vgic_handle_clear_active_reg(struct kvm *kvm,
ACCESS_READ_VALUE | ACCESS_WRITE_CLEARBIT);
if (mmio->is_write) {
- vgic_handle_clear_mapped_irq(kvm_get_vcpu(kvm, vcpu_id));
vgic_update_state(kvm);
return true;
}
@@ -1443,29 +1413,37 @@ static bool vgic_process_maintenance(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
/*
* Save the physical active state, and reset it to inactive.
*
- * Return 1 if HW interrupt went from active to inactive, and 0 otherwise.
+ * Return true if there's a pending level triggered interrupt line to queue.
*/
-static int vgic_sync_hwirq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct vgic_lr vlr)
+static bool vgic_sync_hwirq(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int lr, struct vgic_lr vlr)
{
+ struct vgic_dist *dist = &vcpu->kvm->arch.vgic;
struct irq_phys_map *map;
+ bool phys_active;
+ bool level_pending;
int ret;
if (!(vlr.state & LR_HW))
- return 0;
+ return false;
map = vgic_irq_map_search(vcpu, vlr.irq);
BUG_ON(!map);
ret = irq_get_irqchip_state(map->irq,
IRQCHIP_STATE_ACTIVE,
- &map->active);
+ &phys_active);
WARN_ON(ret);
- if (map->active)
+ if (phys_active)
return 0;
- return 1;
+ /* Mapped edge-triggered interrupts not yet supported. */
+ WARN_ON(vgic_irq_is_edge(vcpu, vlr.irq));
+ spin_lock(&dist->lock);
+ level_pending = process_level_irq(vcpu, lr, vlr);
+ spin_unlock(&dist->lock);
+ return level_pending;
}
/* Sync back the VGIC state after a guest run */
@@ -1490,18 +1468,8 @@ static void __kvm_vgic_sync_hwstate(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
continue;
vlr = vgic_get_lr(vcpu, lr);
- if (vgic_sync_hwirq(vcpu, vlr)) {
- /*
- * So this is a HW interrupt that the guest
- * EOI-ed. Clean the LR state and allow the
- * interrupt to be sampled again.
- */
- vlr.state = 0;
- vlr.hwirq = 0;
- vgic_set_lr(vcpu, lr, vlr);
- vgic_irq_clear_queued(vcpu, vlr.irq);
- set_bit(lr, elrsr_ptr);
- }
+ if (vgic_sync_hwirq(vcpu, lr, vlr))
+ level_pending = true;
if (!test_bit(lr, elrsr_ptr))
continue;
@@ -1881,30 +1849,6 @@ static void vgic_free_phys_irq_map_rcu(struct rcu_head *rcu)
}
/**
- * kvm_vgic_get_phys_irq_active - Return the active state of a mapped IRQ
- *
- * Return the logical active state of a mapped interrupt. This doesn't
- * necessarily reflects the current HW state.
- */
-bool kvm_vgic_get_phys_irq_active(struct irq_phys_map *map)
-{
- BUG_ON(!map);
- return map->active;
-}
-
-/**
- * kvm_vgic_set_phys_irq_active - Set the active state of a mapped IRQ
- *
- * Set the logical active state of a mapped interrupt. This doesn't
- * immediately affects the HW state.
- */
-void kvm_vgic_set_phys_irq_active(struct irq_phys_map *map, bool active)
-{
- BUG_ON(!map);
- map->active = active;
-}
-
-/**
* kvm_vgic_unmap_phys_irq - Remove a virtual to physical IRQ mapping
* @vcpu: The VCPU pointer
* @map: The pointer to a mapping obtained through kvm_vgic_map_phys_irq
@@ -2129,17 +2073,23 @@ int vgic_init(struct kvm *kvm)
}
/*
- * Enable all SGIs and configure all private IRQs as
- * edge-triggered.
+ * Enable and configure all SGIs to be edge-triggere and
+ * configure all PPIs as level-triggered.
*/
for (i = 0; i < VGIC_NR_PRIVATE_IRQS; i++) {
- if (i < VGIC_NR_SGIS)
+ if (i < VGIC_NR_SGIS) {
+ /* SGIs */
vgic_bitmap_set_irq_val(&dist->irq_enabled,
vcpu->vcpu_id, i, 1);
- if (i < VGIC_NR_PRIVATE_IRQS)
vgic_bitmap_set_irq_val(&dist->irq_cfg,
vcpu->vcpu_id, i,
VGIC_CFG_EDGE);
+ } else if (i < VGIC_NR_PRIVATE_IRQS) {
+ /* PPIs */
+ vgic_bitmap_set_irq_val(&dist->irq_cfg,
+ vcpu->vcpu_id, i,
+ VGIC_CFG_LEVEL);
+ }
}
vgic_enable(vcpu);