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authorChristoph Lameter <clameter@engr.sgi.com>2006-02-20 18:27:52 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-02-20 20:00:09 -0800
commit9b0f8b040acd8dfd23860754c0d09ff4f44e2cbc (patch)
tree33c69908705c88b86f14d9e835b6dee6a9c3a31b /mm
parent9827b781f20828e5ceb911b879f268f78fe90815 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-9b0f8b040acd8dfd23860754c0d09ff4f44e2cbc.tar.gz
[PATCH] Terminate process that fails on a constrained allocation
Some allocations are restricted to a limited set of nodes (due to memory policies or cpuset constraints). If the page allocator is not able to find enough memory then that does not mean that overall system memory is low. In particular going postal and more or less randomly shooting at processes is not likely going to help the situation but may just lead to suicide (the whole system coming down). It is better to signal to the process that no memory exists given the constraints that the process (or the configuration of the process) has placed on the allocation behavior. The process may be killed but then the sysadmin or developer can investigate the situation. The solution is similar to what we do when running out of hugepages. This patch adds a check before we kill processes. At that point performance considerations do not matter much so we just scan the zonelist and reconstruct a list of nodes. If the list of nodes does not contain all online nodes then this is a constrained allocation and we should kill the current process. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@muc.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
-rw-r--r--mm/oom_kill.c103
-rw-r--r--mm/page_alloc.c2
2 files changed, 79 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
index 949eba1d5ba3..8123fad5a485 100644
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -133,6 +133,36 @@ unsigned long badness(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long uptime)
}
/*
+ * Types of limitations to the nodes from which allocations may occur
+ */
+#define CONSTRAINT_NONE 1
+#define CONSTRAINT_MEMORY_POLICY 2
+#define CONSTRAINT_CPUSET 3
+
+/*
+ * Determine the type of allocation constraint.
+ */
+static inline int constrained_alloc(struct zonelist *zonelist, gfp_t gfp_mask)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
+ struct zone **z;
+ nodemask_t nodes = node_online_map;
+
+ for (z = zonelist->zones; *z; z++)
+ if (cpuset_zone_allowed(*z, gfp_mask))
+ node_clear((*z)->zone_pgdat->node_id,
+ nodes);
+ else
+ return CONSTRAINT_CPUSET;
+
+ if (!nodes_empty(nodes))
+ return CONSTRAINT_MEMORY_POLICY;
+#endif
+
+ return CONSTRAINT_NONE;
+}
+
+/*
* Simple selection loop. We chose the process with the highest
* number of 'points'. We expect the caller will lock the tasklist.
*
@@ -184,7 +214,7 @@ static struct task_struct *select_bad_process(unsigned long *ppoints)
* CAP_SYS_RAW_IO set, send SIGTERM instead (but it's unlikely that
* we select a process with CAP_SYS_RAW_IO set).
*/
-static void __oom_kill_task(task_t *p)
+static void __oom_kill_task(task_t *p, const char *message)
{
if (p->pid == 1) {
WARN_ON(1);
@@ -200,8 +230,8 @@ static void __oom_kill_task(task_t *p)
return;
}
task_unlock(p);
- printk(KERN_ERR "Out of Memory: Killed process %d (%s).\n",
- p->pid, p->comm);
+ printk(KERN_ERR "%s: Killed process %d (%s).\n",
+ message, p->pid, p->comm);
/*
* We give our sacrificial lamb high priority and access to
@@ -214,7 +244,7 @@ static void __oom_kill_task(task_t *p)
force_sig(SIGKILL, p);
}
-static struct mm_struct *oom_kill_task(task_t *p)
+static struct mm_struct *oom_kill_task(task_t *p, const char *message)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(p);
task_t * g, * q;
@@ -226,21 +256,21 @@ static struct mm_struct *oom_kill_task(task_t *p)
return NULL;
}
- __oom_kill_task(p);
+ __oom_kill_task(p, message);
/*
* kill all processes that share the ->mm (i.e. all threads),
* but are in a different thread group
*/
do_each_thread(g, q)
if (q->mm == mm && q->tgid != p->tgid)
- __oom_kill_task(q);
+ __oom_kill_task(q, message);
while_each_thread(g, q);
return mm;
}
static struct mm_struct *oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *p,
- unsigned long points)
+ unsigned long points, const char *message)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct task_struct *c;
@@ -253,11 +283,11 @@ static struct mm_struct *oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *p,
c = list_entry(tsk, struct task_struct, sibling);
if (c->mm == p->mm)
continue;
- mm = oom_kill_task(c);
+ mm = oom_kill_task(c, message);
if (mm)
return mm;
}
- return oom_kill_task(p);
+ return oom_kill_task(p, message);
}
/**
@@ -268,10 +298,10 @@ static struct mm_struct *oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *p,
* OR try to be smart about which process to kill. Note that we
* don't have to be perfect here, we just have to be good.
*/
-void out_of_memory(gfp_t gfp_mask, int order)
+void out_of_memory(struct zonelist *zonelist, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = NULL;
- task_t * p;
+ task_t *p;
unsigned long points;
if (printk_ratelimit()) {
@@ -283,25 +313,48 @@ void out_of_memory(gfp_t gfp_mask, int order)
cpuset_lock();
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+
+ /*
+ * Check if there were limitations on the allocation (only relevant for
+ * NUMA) that may require different handling.
+ */
+ switch (constrained_alloc(zonelist, gfp_mask)) {
+ case CONSTRAINT_MEMORY_POLICY:
+ mm = oom_kill_process(current, points,
+ "No available memory (MPOL_BIND)");
+ break;
+
+ case CONSTRAINT_CPUSET:
+ mm = oom_kill_process(current, points,
+ "No available memory in cpuset");
+ break;
+
+ case CONSTRAINT_NONE:
retry:
- p = select_bad_process(&points);
+ /*
+ * Rambo mode: Shoot down a process and hope it solves whatever
+ * issues we may have.
+ */
+ p = select_bad_process(&points);
- if (PTR_ERR(p) == -1UL)
- goto out;
+ if (PTR_ERR(p) == -1UL)
+ goto out;
- /* Found nothing?!?! Either we hang forever, or we panic. */
- if (!p) {
- read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
- cpuset_unlock();
- panic("Out of memory and no killable processes...\n");
- }
+ /* Found nothing?!?! Either we hang forever, or we panic. */
+ if (!p) {
+ read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+ cpuset_unlock();
+ panic("Out of memory and no killable processes...\n");
+ }
- mm = oom_kill_process(p, points);
- if (!mm)
- goto retry;
+ mm = oom_kill_process(p, points, "Out of memory");
+ if (!mm)
+ goto retry;
+
+ break;
+ }
- out:
- read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+out:
cpuset_unlock();
if (mm)
mmput(mm);
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 208812b25597..791690d7d3fa 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -1015,7 +1015,7 @@ rebalance:
if (page)
goto got_pg;
- out_of_memory(gfp_mask, order);
+ out_of_memory(zonelist, gfp_mask, order);
goto restart;
}