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authorNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>2007-10-16 01:24:42 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-10-16 09:42:53 -0700
commitc0bc9875b701c588e448302d41181995c21e8040 (patch)
treec320855d4c04bd51ded6b4888bc5895ab539165f /lib/radix-tree.c
parentb55ed816235cf41c29159d22a4cdeec7deb5821c (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-c0bc9875b701c588e448302d41181995c21e8040.tar.gz
radix-tree: use indirect bit
Rather than sign direct radix-tree pointers with a special bit, sign the indirect one that hangs off the root. This means that, given a lookup_slot operation, the invalid result will be differentiated from the valid (previously, valid results could have the bit either set or clear). This does not affect slot lookups which occur under lock -- they can never return an invalid result. Is needed in future for lockless pagecache. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib/radix-tree.c')
-rw-r--r--lib/radix-tree.c69
1 files changed, 43 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/lib/radix-tree.c b/lib/radix-tree.c
index 7af368a4401b..0eee4020a7be 100644
--- a/lib/radix-tree.c
+++ b/lib/radix-tree.c
@@ -104,7 +104,7 @@ radix_tree_node_alloc(struct radix_tree_root *root)
rtp->nr--;
}
}
- BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(ret));
+ BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(ret));
return ret;
}
@@ -240,7 +240,7 @@ static int radix_tree_extend(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
return -ENOMEM;
/* Increase the height. */
- node->slots[0] = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(root->rnode);
+ node->slots[0] = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
/* Propagate the aggregated tag info into the new root */
for (tag = 0; tag < RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS; tag++) {
@@ -251,6 +251,7 @@ static int radix_tree_extend(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
newheight = root->height+1;
node->height = newheight;
node->count = 1;
+ node = radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(node);
rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, node);
root->height = newheight;
} while (height > root->height);
@@ -274,7 +275,7 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
int offset;
int error;
- BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(item));
+ BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(item));
/* Make sure the tree is high enough. */
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(root->height)) {
@@ -283,7 +284,8 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
return error;
}
- slot = root->rnode;
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
+
height = root->height;
shift = (height-1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
@@ -298,7 +300,8 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
rcu_assign_pointer(node->slots[offset], slot);
node->count++;
} else
- rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, slot);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode,
+ radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(slot));
}
/* Go a level down */
@@ -318,7 +321,7 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
BUG_ON(tag_get(node, 0, offset));
BUG_ON(tag_get(node, 1, offset));
} else {
- rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, radix_tree_ptr_to_direct(item));
+ rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, item);
BUG_ON(root_tag_get(root, 0));
BUG_ON(root_tag_get(root, 1));
}
@@ -350,11 +353,12 @@ void **radix_tree_lookup_slot(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
if (node == NULL)
return NULL;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (index > 0)
return NULL;
return (void **)&root->rnode;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
height = node->height;
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(height))
@@ -398,11 +402,12 @@ void *radix_tree_lookup(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
if (node == NULL)
return NULL;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (index > 0)
return NULL;
- return radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(node);
+ return node;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
height = node->height;
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(height))
@@ -447,7 +452,7 @@ void *radix_tree_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *root,
height = root->height;
BUG_ON(index > radix_tree_maxindex(height));
- slot = root->rnode;
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
shift = (height - 1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
while (height > 0) {
@@ -497,7 +502,7 @@ void *radix_tree_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *root,
shift = (height - 1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
pathp->node = NULL;
- slot = root->rnode;
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
while (height > 0) {
int offset;
@@ -562,8 +567,9 @@ int radix_tree_tag_get(struct radix_tree_root *root,
if (node == NULL)
return 0;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node))
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node))
return (index == 0);
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
height = node->height;
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(height))
@@ -716,13 +722,13 @@ radix_tree_gang_lookup(struct radix_tree_root *root, void **results,
if (!node)
return 0;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (first_index > 0)
return 0;
- node = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(node);
- results[0] = rcu_dereference(node);
+ results[0] = node;
return 1;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
max_index = radix_tree_maxindex(node->height);
@@ -844,13 +850,13 @@ radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag(struct radix_tree_root *root, void **results,
if (!node)
return 0;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (first_index > 0)
return 0;
- node = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(node);
- results[0] = rcu_dereference(node);
+ results[0] = node;
return 1;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
max_index = radix_tree_maxindex(node->height);
@@ -880,12 +886,22 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag);
static inline void radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
{
/* try to shrink tree height */
- while (root->height > 0 &&
- root->rnode->count == 1 &&
- root->rnode->slots[0]) {
+ while (root->height > 0) {
struct radix_tree_node *to_free = root->rnode;
void *newptr;
+ BUG_ON(!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(to_free));
+ to_free = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(to_free);
+
+ /*
+ * The candidate node has more than one child, or its child
+ * is not at the leftmost slot, we cannot shrink.
+ */
+ if (to_free->count != 1)
+ break;
+ if (!to_free->slots[0])
+ break;
+
/*
* We don't need rcu_assign_pointer(), since we are simply
* moving the node from one part of the tree to another. If
@@ -894,8 +910,8 @@ static inline void radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
* one (root->rnode).
*/
newptr = to_free->slots[0];
- if (root->height == 1)
- newptr = radix_tree_ptr_to_direct(newptr);
+ if (root->height > 1)
+ newptr = radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(newptr);
root->rnode = newptr;
root->height--;
/* must only free zeroed nodes into the slab */
@@ -930,12 +946,12 @@ void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
goto out;
slot = root->rnode;
- if (height == 0 && root->rnode) {
- slot = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(slot);
+ if (height == 0) {
root_tag_clear_all(root);
root->rnode = NULL;
goto out;
}
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(slot);
shift = (height - 1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
pathp->node = NULL;
@@ -977,7 +993,8 @@ void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
radix_tree_node_free(to_free);
if (pathp->node->count) {
- if (pathp->node == root->rnode)
+ if (pathp->node ==
+ radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode))
radix_tree_shrink(root);
goto out;
}