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authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2014-09-26 00:17:04 -0700
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-09-26 15:05:15 -0400
commit0246e64d9a5fcd4805198de59b9b5cf1f974eb41 (patch)
tree3a7b78d9f3dcfb255d0ac9ce5350cef1e195eddf /kernel/bpf/verifier.c
parentcbd357008604925355ae7b54a09137dabb81b580 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-0246e64d9a5fcd4805198de59b9b5cf1f974eb41.tar.gz
bpf: handle pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 insn
eBPF programs passed from userspace are using pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 instructions to refer to process-local map_fd. Scan the program for such instructions and if FDs are valid, convert them to 'struct bpf_map' pointers which will be used by verifier to check access to maps in bpf_map_lookup/update() calls. If program passes verifier, convert pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 into generic by dropping BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD flag. Note that eBPF interpreter is generic and knows nothing about pseudo insns. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/bpf/verifier.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/verifier.c147
1 files changed, 147 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 871edc1f2e1f..7227543e474b 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -125,10 +125,15 @@
* are set to NOT_INIT to indicate that they are no longer readable.
*/
+#define MAX_USED_MAPS 64 /* max number of maps accessed by one eBPF program */
+
/* single container for all structs
* one verifier_env per bpf_check() call
*/
struct verifier_env {
+ struct bpf_prog *prog; /* eBPF program being verified */
+ struct bpf_map *used_maps[MAX_USED_MAPS]; /* array of map's used by eBPF program */
+ u32 used_map_cnt; /* number of used maps */
};
/* verbose verifier prints what it's seeing
@@ -300,6 +305,115 @@ static void print_bpf_insn(struct bpf_insn *insn)
}
}
+/* return the map pointer stored inside BPF_LD_IMM64 instruction */
+static struct bpf_map *ld_imm64_to_map_ptr(struct bpf_insn *insn)
+{
+ u64 imm64 = ((u64) (u32) insn[0].imm) | ((u64) (u32) insn[1].imm) << 32;
+
+ return (struct bpf_map *) (unsigned long) imm64;
+}
+
+/* look for pseudo eBPF instructions that access map FDs and
+ * replace them with actual map pointers
+ */
+static int replace_map_fd_with_map_ptr(struct verifier_env *env)
+{
+ struct bpf_insn *insn = env->prog->insnsi;
+ int insn_cnt = env->prog->len;
+ int i, j;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++, insn++) {
+ if (insn[0].code == (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW)) {
+ struct bpf_map *map;
+ struct fd f;
+
+ if (i == insn_cnt - 1 || insn[1].code != 0 ||
+ insn[1].dst_reg != 0 || insn[1].src_reg != 0 ||
+ insn[1].off != 0) {
+ verbose("invalid bpf_ld_imm64 insn\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (insn->src_reg == 0)
+ /* valid generic load 64-bit imm */
+ goto next_insn;
+
+ if (insn->src_reg != BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD) {
+ verbose("unrecognized bpf_ld_imm64 insn\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ f = fdget(insn->imm);
+
+ map = bpf_map_get(f);
+ if (IS_ERR(map)) {
+ verbose("fd %d is not pointing to valid bpf_map\n",
+ insn->imm);
+ fdput(f);
+ return PTR_ERR(map);
+ }
+
+ /* store map pointer inside BPF_LD_IMM64 instruction */
+ insn[0].imm = (u32) (unsigned long) map;
+ insn[1].imm = ((u64) (unsigned long) map) >> 32;
+
+ /* check whether we recorded this map already */
+ for (j = 0; j < env->used_map_cnt; j++)
+ if (env->used_maps[j] == map) {
+ fdput(f);
+ goto next_insn;
+ }
+
+ if (env->used_map_cnt >= MAX_USED_MAPS) {
+ fdput(f);
+ return -E2BIG;
+ }
+
+ /* remember this map */
+ env->used_maps[env->used_map_cnt++] = map;
+
+ /* hold the map. If the program is rejected by verifier,
+ * the map will be released by release_maps() or it
+ * will be used by the valid program until it's unloaded
+ * and all maps are released in free_bpf_prog_info()
+ */
+ atomic_inc(&map->refcnt);
+
+ fdput(f);
+next_insn:
+ insn++;
+ i++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* now all pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 instructions load valid
+ * 'struct bpf_map *' into a register instead of user map_fd.
+ * These pointers will be used later by verifier to validate map access.
+ */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* drop refcnt of maps used by the rejected program */
+static void release_maps(struct verifier_env *env)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < env->used_map_cnt; i++)
+ bpf_map_put(env->used_maps[i]);
+}
+
+/* convert pseudo BPF_LD_IMM64 into generic BPF_LD_IMM64 */
+static void convert_pseudo_ld_imm64(struct verifier_env *env)
+{
+ struct bpf_insn *insn = env->prog->insnsi;
+ int insn_cnt = env->prog->len;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < insn_cnt; i++, insn++)
+ if (insn->code == (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW))
+ insn->src_reg = 0;
+}
+
int bpf_check(struct bpf_prog *prog, union bpf_attr *attr)
{
char __user *log_ubuf = NULL;
@@ -316,6 +430,8 @@ int bpf_check(struct bpf_prog *prog, union bpf_attr *attr)
if (!env)
return -ENOMEM;
+ env->prog = prog;
+
/* grab the mutex to protect few globals used by verifier */
mutex_lock(&bpf_verifier_lock);
@@ -342,8 +458,14 @@ int bpf_check(struct bpf_prog *prog, union bpf_attr *attr)
log_level = 0;
}
+ ret = replace_map_fd_with_map_ptr(env);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto skip_full_check;
+
/* ret = do_check(env); */
+skip_full_check:
+
if (log_level && log_len >= log_size - 1) {
BUG_ON(log_len >= log_size);
/* verifier log exceeded user supplied buffer */
@@ -357,11 +479,36 @@ int bpf_check(struct bpf_prog *prog, union bpf_attr *attr)
goto free_log_buf;
}
+ if (ret == 0 && env->used_map_cnt) {
+ /* if program passed verifier, update used_maps in bpf_prog_info */
+ prog->aux->used_maps = kmalloc_array(env->used_map_cnt,
+ sizeof(env->used_maps[0]),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+
+ if (!prog->aux->used_maps) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto free_log_buf;
+ }
+
+ memcpy(prog->aux->used_maps, env->used_maps,
+ sizeof(env->used_maps[0]) * env->used_map_cnt);
+ prog->aux->used_map_cnt = env->used_map_cnt;
+
+ /* program is valid. Convert pseudo bpf_ld_imm64 into generic
+ * bpf_ld_imm64 instructions
+ */
+ convert_pseudo_ld_imm64(env);
+ }
free_log_buf:
if (log_level)
vfree(log_buf);
free_env:
+ if (!prog->aux->used_maps)
+ /* if we didn't copy map pointers into bpf_prog_info, release
+ * them now. Otherwise free_bpf_prog_info() will release them.
+ */
+ release_maps(env);
kfree(env);
mutex_unlock(&bpf_verifier_lock);
return ret;