path: root/include/linux/kdb.h
diff options
authorAnton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>2014-11-06 14:36:46 +0000
committerJason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com>2014-11-11 09:31:52 -0600
commit420c2b1b0df84f5956036b5185cc1e11d247817d (patch)
treeb13a268acd8873ac3373b5c1c51c0f0ac93b76e8 /include/linux/kdb.h
parent9452e977ac17caf9f98a91b33d5e3c3357258c64 (diff)
kdb: Add enable mask for groups of commands
Currently all kdb commands are enabled whenever kdb is deployed. This makes it difficult to deploy kdb to help debug certain types of systems. Android phones provide one example; the FIQ debugger found on some Android devices has a deliberately weak set of commands to allow the debugger to enabled very late in the production cycle. Certain kiosk environments offer another interesting case where an engineer might wish to probe the system state using passive inspection commands without providing sufficient power for a passer by to root it. Without any restrictions, obtaining the root rights via KDB is a matter of a few commands, and works everywhere. For example, log in as a normal user: cbou:~$ id uid=1001(cbou) gid=1001(cbou) groups=1001(cbou) Now enter KDB (for example via sysrq): Entering kdb (current=0xffff8800065bc740, pid 920) due to Keyboard Entry kdb> ps 23 sleeping system daemon (state M) processes suppressed, use 'ps A' to see all. Task Addr Pid Parent [*] cpu State Thread Command 0xffff8800065bc740 920 919 1 0 R 0xffff8800065bca20 *bash 0xffff880007078000 1 0 0 0 S 0xffff8800070782e0 init [...snip...] 0xffff8800065be3c0 918 1 0 0 S 0xffff8800065be6a0 getty 0xffff8800065b9c80 919 1 0 0 S 0xffff8800065b9f60 login 0xffff8800065bc740 920 919 1 0 R 0xffff8800065bca20 *bash All we need is the offset of cred pointers. We can look up the offset in the distro's kernel source, but it is unnecessary. We can just start dumping init's task_struct, until we see the process name: kdb> md 0xffff880007078000 0xffff880007078000 0000000000000001 ffff88000703c000 ................ 0xffff880007078010 0040210000000002 0000000000000000 .....!@......... [...snip...] 0xffff8800070782b0 ffff8800073e0580 ffff8800073e0580 ..>.......>..... 0xffff8800070782c0 0000000074696e69 0000000000000000 init............ ^ Here, 'init'. Creds are just above it, so the offset is 0x02b0. Now we set up init's creds for our non-privileged shell: kdb> mm 0xffff8800065bc740+0x02b0 0xffff8800073e0580 0xffff8800065bc9f0 = 0xffff8800073e0580 kdb> mm 0xffff8800065bc740+0x02b8 0xffff8800073e0580 0xffff8800065bc9f8 = 0xffff8800073e0580 And thus gaining the root: kdb> go cbou:~$ id uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root) cbou:~$ bash root:~# p.s. No distro enables kdb by default (although, with a nice KDB-over-KMS feature availability, I would expect at least some would enable it), so it's not actually some kind of a major issue. Signed-off-by: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Signed-off-by: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org> Cc: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com> Signed-off-by: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'include/linux/kdb.h')
1 files changed, 1 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/kdb.h b/include/linux/kdb.h
index f1fe36185c17..75ae2e2631fc 100644
--- a/include/linux/kdb.h
+++ b/include/linux/kdb.h
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@ extern atomic_t kdb_event;
#define KDB_BADLENGTH (-19)
#define KDB_NOBP (-20)
#define KDB_BADADDR (-21)
+#define KDB_NOPERM (-22)
* kdb_diemsg