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authorstephen hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com>2012-10-01 12:32:35 +0000
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2012-10-01 18:39:45 -0400
commitd342894c5d2f8c7df194c793ec4059656e09ca31 (patch)
tree13dec930ffdfa590c869488203584ea0c6b5cf7c /drivers
parent193ba924524e6afe192217982b2c2d67e4715d33 (diff)
downloadlinux-linaro-stable-d342894c5d2f8c7df194c793ec4059656e09ca31.tar.gz
vxlan: virtual extensible lan
This is an implementation of Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network as described in draft RFC: http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-mahalingam-dutt-dcops-vxlan-02 The driver integrates a Virtual Tunnel Endpoint (VTEP) functionality that learns MAC to IP address mapping. This implementation has not been tested only against the Linux userspace implementation using TAP, not against other vendor's equipment. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers')
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/Kconfig13
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/net/vxlan.c1217
3 files changed, 1231 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/net/Kconfig b/drivers/net/Kconfig
index 707ab7bd4ea5..ed5041e96b2d 100644
--- a/drivers/net/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/net/Kconfig
@@ -149,6 +149,19 @@ config MACVTAP
To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
will be called macvtap.
+config VXLAN
+ tristate "Virtual eXtensible Local Area Network (VXLAN)"
+ depends on EXPERIMENTAL
+ ---help---
+ This allows one to create vxlan virtual interfaces that provide
+ Layer 2 Networks over Layer 3 Networks. VXLAN is often used
+ to tunnel virtual network infrastructure in virtualized environments.
+ For more information see:
+ http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-mahalingam-dutt-dcops-vxlan-02
+
+ To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
+ will be called vxlan.
+
config NETCONSOLE
tristate "Network console logging support"
---help---
diff --git a/drivers/net/Makefile b/drivers/net/Makefile
index b682a1de7be8..335db78fd987 100644
--- a/drivers/net/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/net/Makefile
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_NET_TEAM) += team/
obj-$(CONFIG_TUN) += tun.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VETH) += veth.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VIRTIO_NET) += virtio_net.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_VXLAN) += vxlan.o
#
# Networking Drivers
diff --git a/drivers/net/vxlan.c b/drivers/net/vxlan.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f87a98f1aec2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/net/vxlan.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1217 @@
+/*
+ * VXLAN: Virtual eXtensiable Local Area Network
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2012 Vyatta Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * TODO
+ * - use IANA UDP port number (when defined)
+ * - IPv6 (not in RFC)
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/skbuff.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/netdevice.h>
+#include <linux/in.h>
+#include <linux/ip.h>
+#include <linux/udp.h>
+#include <linux/igmp.h>
+#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
+#include <linux/if_ether.h>
+#include <linux/version.h>
+#include <linux/hash.h>
+#include <net/ip.h>
+#include <net/icmp.h>
+#include <net/udp.h>
+#include <net/rtnetlink.h>
+#include <net/route.h>
+#include <net/dsfield.h>
+#include <net/inet_ecn.h>
+#include <net/net_namespace.h>
+#include <net/netns/generic.h>
+
+#define VXLAN_VERSION "0.1"
+
+#define VNI_HASH_BITS 10
+#define VNI_HASH_SIZE (1<<VNI_HASH_BITS)
+#define FDB_HASH_BITS 8
+#define FDB_HASH_SIZE (1<<FDB_HASH_BITS)
+#define FDB_AGE_DEFAULT 300 /* 5 min */
+#define FDB_AGE_INTERVAL (10 * HZ) /* rescan interval */
+
+#define VXLAN_N_VID (1u << 24)
+#define VXLAN_VID_MASK (VXLAN_N_VID - 1)
+/* VLAN + IP header + UDP + VXLAN */
+#define VXLAN_HEADROOM (4 + 20 + 8 + 8)
+
+#define VXLAN_FLAGS 0x08000000 /* struct vxlanhdr.vx_flags required value. */
+
+/* VXLAN protocol header */
+struct vxlanhdr {
+ __be32 vx_flags;
+ __be32 vx_vni;
+};
+
+/* UDP port for VXLAN traffic. */
+static unsigned int vxlan_port __read_mostly = 8472;
+module_param_named(udp_port, vxlan_port, uint, 0444);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(udp_port, "Destination UDP port");
+
+static bool log_ecn_error = true;
+module_param(log_ecn_error, bool, 0644);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(log_ecn_error, "Log packets received with corrupted ECN");
+
+/* per-net private data for this module */
+static unsigned int vxlan_net_id;
+struct vxlan_net {
+ struct socket *sock; /* UDP encap socket */
+ struct hlist_head vni_list[VNI_HASH_SIZE];
+};
+
+/* Forwarding table entry */
+struct vxlan_fdb {
+ struct hlist_node hlist; /* linked list of entries */
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ unsigned long updated; /* jiffies */
+ unsigned long used;
+ __be32 remote_ip;
+ u16 state; /* see ndm_state */
+ u8 eth_addr[ETH_ALEN];
+};
+
+/* Per-cpu network traffic stats */
+struct vxlan_stats {
+ u64 rx_packets;
+ u64 rx_bytes;
+ u64 tx_packets;
+ u64 tx_bytes;
+ struct u64_stats_sync syncp;
+};
+
+/* Pseudo network device */
+struct vxlan_dev {
+ struct hlist_node hlist;
+ struct net_device *dev;
+ struct vxlan_stats __percpu *stats;
+ __u32 vni; /* virtual network id */
+ __be32 gaddr; /* multicast group */
+ __be32 saddr; /* source address */
+ unsigned int link; /* link to multicast over */
+ __u8 tos; /* TOS override */
+ __u8 ttl;
+ bool learn;
+
+ unsigned long age_interval;
+ struct timer_list age_timer;
+ spinlock_t hash_lock;
+ unsigned int addrcnt;
+ unsigned int addrmax;
+ unsigned int addrexceeded;
+
+ struct hlist_head fdb_head[FDB_HASH_SIZE];
+};
+
+/* salt for hash table */
+static u32 vxlan_salt __read_mostly;
+
+static inline struct hlist_head *vni_head(struct net *net, u32 id)
+{
+ struct vxlan_net *vn = net_generic(net, vxlan_net_id);
+
+ return &vn->vni_list[hash_32(id, VNI_HASH_BITS)];
+}
+
+/* Look up VNI in a per net namespace table */
+static struct vxlan_dev *vxlan_find_vni(struct net *net, u32 id)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(vxlan, node, vni_head(net, id), hlist) {
+ if (vxlan->vni == id)
+ return vxlan;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Fill in neighbour message in skbuff. */
+static int vxlan_fdb_info(struct sk_buff *skb, struct vxlan_dev *vxlan,
+ const struct vxlan_fdb *fdb,
+ u32 portid, u32 seq, int type, unsigned int flags)
+{
+ unsigned long now = jiffies;
+ struct nda_cacheinfo ci;
+ struct nlmsghdr *nlh;
+ struct ndmsg *ndm;
+
+ nlh = nlmsg_put(skb, portid, seq, type, sizeof(*ndm), flags);
+ if (nlh == NULL)
+ return -EMSGSIZE;
+
+ ndm = nlmsg_data(nlh);
+ memset(ndm, 0, sizeof(*ndm));
+ ndm->ndm_family = AF_BRIDGE;
+ ndm->ndm_state = fdb->state;
+ ndm->ndm_ifindex = vxlan->dev->ifindex;
+ ndm->ndm_flags = NTF_SELF;
+ ndm->ndm_type = NDA_DST;
+
+ if (nla_put(skb, NDA_LLADDR, ETH_ALEN, &fdb->eth_addr))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ if (nla_put_be32(skb, NDA_DST, fdb->remote_ip))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ ci.ndm_used = jiffies_to_clock_t(now - fdb->used);
+ ci.ndm_confirmed = 0;
+ ci.ndm_updated = jiffies_to_clock_t(now - fdb->updated);
+ ci.ndm_refcnt = 0;
+
+ if (nla_put(skb, NDA_CACHEINFO, sizeof(ci), &ci))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ return nlmsg_end(skb, nlh);
+
+nla_put_failure:
+ nlmsg_cancel(skb, nlh);
+ return -EMSGSIZE;
+}
+
+static inline size_t vxlan_nlmsg_size(void)
+{
+ return NLMSG_ALIGN(sizeof(struct ndmsg))
+ + nla_total_size(ETH_ALEN) /* NDA_LLADDR */
+ + nla_total_size(sizeof(__be32)) /* NDA_DST */
+ + nla_total_size(sizeof(struct nda_cacheinfo));
+}
+
+static void vxlan_fdb_notify(struct vxlan_dev *vxlan,
+ const struct vxlan_fdb *fdb, int type)
+{
+ struct net *net = dev_net(vxlan->dev);
+ struct sk_buff *skb;
+ int err = -ENOBUFS;
+
+ skb = nlmsg_new(vxlan_nlmsg_size(), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (skb == NULL)
+ goto errout;
+
+ err = vxlan_fdb_info(skb, vxlan, fdb, 0, 0, type, 0);
+ if (err < 0) {
+ /* -EMSGSIZE implies BUG in vxlan_nlmsg_size() */
+ WARN_ON(err == -EMSGSIZE);
+ kfree_skb(skb);
+ goto errout;
+ }
+
+ rtnl_notify(skb, net, 0, RTNLGRP_NEIGH, NULL, GFP_ATOMIC);
+ return;
+errout:
+ if (err < 0)
+ rtnl_set_sk_err(net, RTNLGRP_NEIGH, err);
+}
+
+/* Hash Ethernet address */
+static u32 eth_hash(const unsigned char *addr)
+{
+ u64 value = get_unaligned((u64 *)addr);
+
+ /* only want 6 bytes */
+#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
+ value <<= 16;
+#else
+ value >>= 16;
+#endif
+ return hash_64(value, FDB_HASH_BITS);
+}
+
+/* Hash chain to use given mac address */
+static inline struct hlist_head *vxlan_fdb_head(struct vxlan_dev *vxlan,
+ const u8 *mac)
+{
+ return &vxlan->fdb_head[eth_hash(mac)];
+}
+
+/* Look up Ethernet address in forwarding table */
+static struct vxlan_fdb *vxlan_find_mac(struct vxlan_dev *vxlan,
+ const u8 *mac)
+
+{
+ struct hlist_head *head = vxlan_fdb_head(vxlan, mac);
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(f, node, head, hlist) {
+ if (compare_ether_addr(mac, f->eth_addr) == 0)
+ return f;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Add new entry to forwarding table -- assumes lock held */
+static int vxlan_fdb_create(struct vxlan_dev *vxlan,
+ const u8 *mac, __be32 ip,
+ __u16 state, __u16 flags)
+{
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f;
+ int notify = 0;
+
+ f = vxlan_find_mac(vxlan, mac);
+ if (f) {
+ if (flags & NLM_F_EXCL) {
+ netdev_dbg(vxlan->dev,
+ "lost race to create %pM\n", mac);
+ return -EEXIST;
+ }
+ if (f->state != state) {
+ f->state = state;
+ f->updated = jiffies;
+ notify = 1;
+ }
+ } else {
+ if (!(flags & NLM_F_CREATE))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ if (vxlan->addrmax && vxlan->addrcnt >= vxlan->addrmax)
+ return -ENOSPC;
+
+ netdev_dbg(vxlan->dev, "add %pM -> %pI4\n", mac, &ip);
+ f = kmalloc(sizeof(*f), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!f)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ notify = 1;
+ f->remote_ip = ip;
+ f->state = state;
+ f->updated = f->used = jiffies;
+ memcpy(f->eth_addr, mac, ETH_ALEN);
+
+ ++vxlan->addrcnt;
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&f->hlist,
+ vxlan_fdb_head(vxlan, mac));
+ }
+
+ if (notify)
+ vxlan_fdb_notify(vxlan, f, RTM_NEWNEIGH);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void vxlan_fdb_destroy(struct vxlan_dev *vxlan, struct vxlan_fdb *f)
+{
+ netdev_dbg(vxlan->dev,
+ "delete %pM\n", f->eth_addr);
+
+ --vxlan->addrcnt;
+ vxlan_fdb_notify(vxlan, f, RTM_DELNEIGH);
+
+ hlist_del_rcu(&f->hlist);
+ kfree_rcu(f, rcu);
+}
+
+/* Add static entry (via netlink) */
+static int vxlan_fdb_add(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct nlattr *tb[],
+ struct net_device *dev,
+ const unsigned char *addr, u16 flags)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ __be32 ip;
+ int err;
+
+ if (!(ndm->ndm_state & (NUD_PERMANENT|NUD_REACHABLE))) {
+ pr_info("RTM_NEWNEIGH with invalid state %#x\n",
+ ndm->ndm_state);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (tb[NDA_DST] == NULL)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (nla_len(tb[NDA_DST]) != sizeof(__be32))
+ return -EAFNOSUPPORT;
+
+ ip = nla_get_be32(tb[NDA_DST]);
+
+ spin_lock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+ err = vxlan_fdb_create(vxlan, addr, ip, ndm->ndm_state, flags);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+/* Delete entry (via netlink) */
+static int vxlan_fdb_delete(struct ndmsg *ndm, struct net_device *dev,
+ const unsigned char *addr)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f;
+ int err = -ENOENT;
+
+ spin_lock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+ f = vxlan_find_mac(vxlan, addr);
+ if (f) {
+ vxlan_fdb_destroy(vxlan, f);
+ err = 0;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+/* Dump forwarding table */
+static int vxlan_fdb_dump(struct sk_buff *skb, struct netlink_callback *cb,
+ struct net_device *dev, int idx)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ unsigned int h;
+
+ for (h = 0; h < FDB_HASH_SIZE; ++h) {
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f;
+ struct hlist_node *n;
+ int err;
+
+ hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(f, n, &vxlan->fdb_head[h], hlist) {
+ if (idx < cb->args[0])
+ goto skip;
+
+ err = vxlan_fdb_info(skb, vxlan, f,
+ NETLINK_CB(cb->skb).portid,
+ cb->nlh->nlmsg_seq,
+ RTM_NEWNEIGH,
+ NLM_F_MULTI);
+ if (err < 0)
+ break;
+skip:
+ ++idx;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return idx;
+}
+
+/* Watch incoming packets to learn mapping between Ethernet address
+ * and Tunnel endpoint.
+ */
+static void vxlan_snoop(struct net_device *dev,
+ __be32 src_ip, const u8 *src_mac)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f;
+ int err;
+
+ f = vxlan_find_mac(vxlan, src_mac);
+ if (likely(f)) {
+ f->used = jiffies;
+ if (likely(f->remote_ip == src_ip))
+ return;
+
+ if (net_ratelimit())
+ netdev_info(dev,
+ "%pM migrated from %pI4 to %pI4\n",
+ src_mac, &f->remote_ip, &src_ip);
+
+ f->remote_ip = src_ip;
+ f->updated = jiffies;
+ } else {
+ /* learned new entry */
+ spin_lock(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+ err = vxlan_fdb_create(vxlan, src_mac, src_ip,
+ NUD_REACHABLE,
+ NLM_F_EXCL|NLM_F_CREATE);
+ spin_unlock(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/* See if multicast group is already in use by other ID */
+static bool vxlan_group_used(struct vxlan_net *vn,
+ const struct vxlan_dev *this)
+{
+ const struct vxlan_dev *vxlan;
+ struct hlist_node *node;
+ unsigned h;
+
+ for (h = 0; h < VNI_HASH_SIZE; ++h)
+ hlist_for_each_entry(vxlan, node, &vn->vni_list[h], hlist) {
+ if (vxlan == this)
+ continue;
+
+ if (!netif_running(vxlan->dev))
+ continue;
+
+ if (vxlan->gaddr == this->gaddr)
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/* kernel equivalent to IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP */
+static int vxlan_join_group(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct vxlan_net *vn = net_generic(dev_net(dev), vxlan_net_id);
+ struct sock *sk = vn->sock->sk;
+ struct ip_mreqn mreq = {
+ .imr_multiaddr.s_addr = vxlan->gaddr,
+ };
+ int err;
+
+ /* Already a member of group */
+ if (vxlan_group_used(vn, vxlan))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Need to drop RTNL to call multicast join */
+ rtnl_unlock();
+ lock_sock(sk);
+ err = ip_mc_join_group(sk, &mreq);
+ release_sock(sk);
+ rtnl_lock();
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+
+/* kernel equivalent to IP_DROP_MEMBERSHIP */
+static int vxlan_leave_group(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct vxlan_net *vn = net_generic(dev_net(dev), vxlan_net_id);
+ int err = 0;
+ struct sock *sk = vn->sock->sk;
+ struct ip_mreqn mreq = {
+ .imr_multiaddr.s_addr = vxlan->gaddr,
+ };
+
+ /* Only leave group when last vxlan is done. */
+ if (vxlan_group_used(vn, vxlan))
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Need to drop RTNL to call multicast leave */
+ rtnl_unlock();
+ lock_sock(sk);
+ err = ip_mc_leave_group(sk, &mreq);
+ release_sock(sk);
+ rtnl_lock();
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+/* Callback from net/ipv4/udp.c to receive packets */
+static int vxlan_udp_encap_recv(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ struct iphdr *oip;
+ struct vxlanhdr *vxh;
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan;
+ struct vxlan_stats *stats;
+ __u32 vni;
+ int err;
+
+ /* pop off outer UDP header */
+ __skb_pull(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr));
+
+ /* Need Vxlan and inner Ethernet header to be present */
+ if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, sizeof(struct vxlanhdr)))
+ goto error;
+
+ /* Drop packets with reserved bits set */
+ vxh = (struct vxlanhdr *) skb->data;
+ if (vxh->vx_flags != htonl(VXLAN_FLAGS) ||
+ (vxh->vx_vni & htonl(0xff))) {
+ netdev_dbg(skb->dev, "invalid vxlan flags=%#x vni=%#x\n",
+ ntohl(vxh->vx_flags), ntohl(vxh->vx_vni));
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ __skb_pull(skb, sizeof(struct vxlanhdr));
+ skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, eth_hdr(skb), sizeof(struct vxlanhdr));
+
+ /* Is this VNI defined? */
+ vni = ntohl(vxh->vx_vni) >> 8;
+ vxlan = vxlan_find_vni(sock_net(sk), vni);
+ if (!vxlan) {
+ netdev_dbg(skb->dev, "unknown vni %d\n", vni);
+ goto drop;
+ }
+
+ if (!pskb_may_pull(skb, ETH_HLEN)) {
+ vxlan->dev->stats.rx_length_errors++;
+ vxlan->dev->stats.rx_errors++;
+ goto drop;
+ }
+
+ /* Re-examine inner Ethernet packet */
+ oip = ip_hdr(skb);
+ skb->protocol = eth_type_trans(skb, vxlan->dev);
+ skb_postpull_rcsum(skb, eth_hdr(skb), ETH_HLEN);
+
+ /* Ignore packet loops (and multicast echo) */
+ if (compare_ether_addr(eth_hdr(skb)->h_source,
+ vxlan->dev->dev_addr) == 0)
+ goto drop;
+
+ if (vxlan->learn)
+ vxlan_snoop(skb->dev, oip->saddr, eth_hdr(skb)->h_source);
+
+ __skb_tunnel_rx(skb, vxlan->dev);
+ skb_reset_network_header(skb);
+
+ err = IP_ECN_decapsulate(oip, skb);
+ if (unlikely(err)) {
+ if (log_ecn_error)
+ net_info_ratelimited("non-ECT from %pI4 with TOS=%#x\n",
+ &oip->saddr, oip->tos);
+ if (err > 1) {
+ ++vxlan->dev->stats.rx_frame_errors;
+ ++vxlan->dev->stats.rx_errors;
+ goto drop;
+ }
+ }
+
+ stats = this_cpu_ptr(vxlan->stats);
+ u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
+ stats->rx_packets++;
+ stats->rx_bytes += skb->len;
+ u64_stats_update_end(&stats->syncp);
+
+ netif_rx(skb);
+
+ return 0;
+error:
+ /* Put UDP header back */
+ __skb_push(skb, sizeof(struct udphdr));
+
+ return 1;
+drop:
+ /* Consume bad packet */
+ kfree_skb(skb);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Extract dsfield from inner protocol */
+static inline u8 vxlan_get_dsfield(const struct iphdr *iph,
+ const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IP))
+ return iph->tos;
+ else if (skb->protocol == htons(ETH_P_IPV6))
+ return ipv6_get_dsfield((const struct ipv6hdr *)iph);
+ else
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Propogate ECN bits out */
+static inline u8 vxlan_ecn_encap(u8 tos,
+ const struct iphdr *iph,
+ const struct sk_buff *skb)
+{
+ u8 inner = vxlan_get_dsfield(iph, skb);
+
+ return INET_ECN_encapsulate(tos, inner);
+}
+
+/* Transmit local packets over Vxlan
+ *
+ * Outer IP header inherits ECN and DF from inner header.
+ * Outer UDP destination is the VXLAN assigned port.
+ * source port is based on hash of flow if available
+ * otherwise use a random value
+ */
+static netdev_tx_t vxlan_xmit(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct rtable *rt;
+ const struct ethhdr *eth;
+ const struct iphdr *old_iph;
+ struct iphdr *iph;
+ struct vxlanhdr *vxh;
+ struct udphdr *uh;
+ struct flowi4 fl4;
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f;
+ unsigned int pkt_len = skb->len;
+ u32 hash;
+ __be32 dst;
+ __be16 df = 0;
+ __u8 tos, ttl;
+ int err;
+
+ /* Need space for new headers (invalidates iph ptr) */
+ if (skb_cow_head(skb, VXLAN_HEADROOM))
+ goto drop;
+
+ eth = (void *)skb->data;
+ old_iph = ip_hdr(skb);
+
+ if (!is_multicast_ether_addr(eth->h_dest) &&
+ (f = vxlan_find_mac(vxlan, eth->h_dest)))
+ dst = f->remote_ip;
+ else if (vxlan->gaddr) {
+ dst = vxlan->gaddr;
+ } else
+ goto drop;
+
+ ttl = vxlan->ttl;
+ if (!ttl && IN_MULTICAST(ntohl(dst)))
+ ttl = 1;
+
+ tos = vxlan->tos;
+ if (tos == 1)
+ tos = vxlan_get_dsfield(old_iph, skb);
+
+ hash = skb_get_rxhash(skb);
+
+ rt = ip_route_output_gre(dev_net(dev), &fl4, dst,
+ vxlan->saddr, vxlan->vni,
+ RT_TOS(tos), vxlan->link);
+ if (IS_ERR(rt)) {
+ netdev_dbg(dev, "no route to %pI4\n", &dst);
+ dev->stats.tx_carrier_errors++;
+ goto tx_error;
+ }
+
+ if (rt->dst.dev == dev) {
+ netdev_dbg(dev, "circular route to %pI4\n", &dst);
+ ip_rt_put(rt);
+ dev->stats.collisions++;
+ goto tx_error;
+ }
+
+ memset(&(IPCB(skb)->opt), 0, sizeof(IPCB(skb)->opt));
+ IPCB(skb)->flags &= ~(IPSKB_XFRM_TUNNEL_SIZE | IPSKB_XFRM_TRANSFORMED |
+ IPSKB_REROUTED);
+ skb_dst_drop(skb);
+ skb_dst_set(skb, &rt->dst);
+
+ vxh = (struct vxlanhdr *) __skb_push(skb, sizeof(*vxh));
+ vxh->vx_flags = htonl(VXLAN_FLAGS);
+ vxh->vx_vni = htonl(vxlan->vni << 8);
+
+ __skb_push(skb, sizeof(*uh));
+ skb_reset_transport_header(skb);
+ uh = udp_hdr(skb);
+
+ uh->dest = htons(vxlan_port);
+ uh->source = hash ? :random32();
+
+ uh->len = htons(skb->len);
+ uh->check = 0;
+
+ __skb_push(skb, sizeof(*iph));
+ skb_reset_network_header(skb);
+ iph = ip_hdr(skb);
+ iph->version = 4;
+ iph->ihl = sizeof(struct iphdr) >> 2;
+ iph->frag_off = df;
+ iph->protocol = IPPROTO_UDP;
+ iph->tos = vxlan_ecn_encap(tos, old_iph, skb);
+ iph->daddr = fl4.daddr;
+ iph->saddr = fl4.saddr;
+ iph->ttl = ttl ? : ip4_dst_hoplimit(&rt->dst);
+
+ /* See __IPTUNNEL_XMIT */
+ skb->ip_summed = CHECKSUM_NONE;
+ ip_select_ident(iph, &rt->dst, NULL);
+
+ err = ip_local_out(skb);
+ if (likely(net_xmit_eval(err) == 0)) {
+ struct vxlan_stats *stats = this_cpu_ptr(vxlan->stats);
+
+ u64_stats_update_begin(&stats->syncp);
+ stats->tx_packets++;
+ stats->tx_bytes += pkt_len;
+ u64_stats_update_end(&stats->syncp);
+ } else {
+ dev->stats.tx_errors++;
+ dev->stats.tx_aborted_errors++;
+ }
+ return NETDEV_TX_OK;
+
+drop:
+ dev->stats.tx_dropped++;
+ goto tx_free;
+
+tx_error:
+ dev->stats.tx_errors++;
+tx_free:
+ dev_kfree_skb(skb);
+ return NETDEV_TX_OK;
+}
+
+/* Walk the forwarding table and purge stale entries */
+static void vxlan_cleanup(unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = (struct vxlan_dev *) arg;
+ unsigned long next_timer = jiffies + FDB_AGE_INTERVAL;
+ unsigned int h;
+
+ if (!netif_running(vxlan->dev))
+ return;
+
+ spin_lock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+ for (h = 0; h < FDB_HASH_SIZE; ++h) {
+ struct hlist_node *p, *n;
+ hlist_for_each_safe(p, n, &vxlan->fdb_head[h]) {
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f
+ = container_of(p, struct vxlan_fdb, hlist);
+ unsigned long timeout;
+
+ if (f->state == NUD_PERMANENT)
+ continue;
+
+ timeout = f->used + vxlan->age_interval * HZ;
+ if (time_before_eq(timeout, jiffies)) {
+ netdev_dbg(vxlan->dev,
+ "garbage collect %pM\n",
+ f->eth_addr);
+ f->state = NUD_STALE;
+ vxlan_fdb_destroy(vxlan, f);
+ } else if (time_before(timeout, next_timer))
+ next_timer = timeout;
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+
+ mod_timer(&vxlan->age_timer, next_timer);
+}
+
+/* Setup stats when device is created */
+static int vxlan_init(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+
+ vxlan->stats = alloc_percpu(struct vxlan_stats);
+ if (!vxlan->stats)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Start ageing timer and join group when device is brought up */
+static int vxlan_open(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ int err;
+
+ if (vxlan->gaddr) {
+ err = vxlan_join_group(dev);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ if (vxlan->age_interval)
+ mod_timer(&vxlan->age_timer, jiffies + FDB_AGE_INTERVAL);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Purge the forwarding table */
+static void vxlan_flush(struct vxlan_dev *vxlan)
+{
+ unsigned h;
+
+ spin_lock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+ for (h = 0; h < FDB_HASH_SIZE; ++h) {
+ struct hlist_node *p, *n;
+ hlist_for_each_safe(p, n, &vxlan->fdb_head[h]) {
+ struct vxlan_fdb *f
+ = container_of(p, struct vxlan_fdb, hlist);
+ vxlan_fdb_destroy(vxlan, f);
+ }
+ }
+ spin_unlock_bh(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+}
+
+/* Cleanup timer and forwarding table on shutdown */
+static int vxlan_stop(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+
+ if (vxlan->gaddr)
+ vxlan_leave_group(dev);
+
+ del_timer_sync(&vxlan->age_timer);
+
+ vxlan_flush(vxlan);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* Merge per-cpu statistics */
+static struct rtnl_link_stats64 *vxlan_stats64(struct net_device *dev,
+ struct rtnl_link_stats64 *stats)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ struct vxlan_stats tmp, sum = { 0 };
+ unsigned int cpu;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ unsigned int start;
+ const struct vxlan_stats *stats
+ = per_cpu_ptr(vxlan->stats, cpu);
+
+ do {
+ start = u64_stats_fetch_begin_bh(&stats->syncp);
+ memcpy(&tmp, stats, sizeof(tmp));
+ } while (u64_stats_fetch_retry_bh(&stats->syncp, start));
+
+ sum.tx_bytes += tmp.tx_bytes;
+ sum.tx_packets += tmp.tx_packets;
+ sum.rx_bytes += tmp.rx_bytes;
+ sum.rx_packets += tmp.rx_packets;
+ }
+
+ stats->tx_bytes = sum.tx_bytes;
+ stats->tx_packets = sum.tx_packets;
+ stats->rx_bytes = sum.rx_bytes;
+ stats->rx_packets = sum.rx_packets;
+
+ stats->multicast = dev->stats.multicast;
+ stats->rx_length_errors = dev->stats.rx_length_errors;
+ stats->rx_frame_errors = dev->stats.rx_frame_errors;
+ stats->rx_errors = dev->stats.rx_errors;
+
+ stats->tx_dropped = dev->stats.tx_dropped;
+ stats->tx_carrier_errors = dev->stats.tx_carrier_errors;
+ stats->tx_aborted_errors = dev->stats.tx_aborted_errors;
+ stats->collisions = dev->stats.collisions;
+ stats->tx_errors = dev->stats.tx_errors;
+
+ return stats;
+}
+
+/* Stub, nothing needs to be done. */
+static void vxlan_set_multicast_list(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+}
+
+static const struct net_device_ops vxlan_netdev_ops = {
+ .ndo_init = vxlan_init,
+ .ndo_open = vxlan_open,
+ .ndo_stop = vxlan_stop,
+ .ndo_start_xmit = vxlan_xmit,
+ .ndo_get_stats64 = vxlan_stats64,
+ .ndo_set_rx_mode = vxlan_set_multicast_list,
+ .ndo_change_mtu = eth_change_mtu,
+ .ndo_validate_addr = eth_validate_addr,
+ .ndo_set_mac_address = eth_mac_addr,
+ .ndo_fdb_add = vxlan_fdb_add,
+ .ndo_fdb_del = vxlan_fdb_delete,
+ .ndo_fdb_dump = vxlan_fdb_dump,
+};
+
+/* Info for udev, that this is a virtual tunnel endpoint */
+static struct device_type vxlan_type = {
+ .name = "vxlan",
+};
+
+static void vxlan_free(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+
+ free_percpu(vxlan->stats);
+ free_netdev(dev);
+}
+
+/* Initialize the device structure. */
+static void vxlan_setup(struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ unsigned h;
+
+ eth_hw_addr_random(dev);
+ ether_setup(dev);
+
+ dev->netdev_ops = &vxlan_netdev_ops;
+ dev->destructor = vxlan_free;
+ SET_NETDEV_DEVTYPE(dev, &vxlan_type);
+
+ dev->tx_queue_len = 0;
+ dev->features |= NETIF_F_LLTX;
+ dev->features |= NETIF_F_NETNS_LOCAL;
+ dev->priv_flags &= ~IFF_XMIT_DST_RELEASE;
+
+ spin_lock_init(&vxlan->hash_lock);
+
+ init_timer_deferrable(&vxlan->age_timer);
+ vxlan->age_timer.function = vxlan_cleanup;
+ vxlan->age_timer.data = (unsigned long) vxlan;
+
+ vxlan->dev = dev;
+
+ for (h = 0; h < FDB_HASH_SIZE; ++h)
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&vxlan->fdb_head[h]);
+}
+
+static const struct nla_policy vxlan_policy[IFLA_VXLAN_MAX + 1] = {
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_ID] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_GROUP] = { .len = FIELD_SIZEOF(struct iphdr, daddr) },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_LINK] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_LOCAL] = { .len = FIELD_SIZEOF(struct iphdr, saddr) },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_TOS] = { .type = NLA_U8 },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_TTL] = { .type = NLA_U8 },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_LEARNING] = { .type = NLA_U8 },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_AGEING] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
+ [IFLA_VXLAN_LIMIT] = { .type = NLA_U32 },
+};
+
+static int vxlan_validate(struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[])
+{
+ if (tb[IFLA_ADDRESS]) {
+ if (nla_len(tb[IFLA_ADDRESS]) != ETH_ALEN) {
+ pr_debug("invalid link address (not ethernet)\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (!is_valid_ether_addr(nla_data(tb[IFLA_ADDRESS]))) {
+ pr_debug("invalid all zero ethernet address\n");
+ return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (!data)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_ID]) {
+ __u32 id = nla_get_u32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_ID]);
+ if (id >= VXLAN_VID_MASK)
+ return -ERANGE;
+ }
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_GROUP]) {
+ __be32 gaddr = nla_get_be32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_GROUP]);
+ if (!IN_MULTICAST(ntohl(gaddr))) {
+ pr_debug("group address is not IPv4 multicast\n");
+ return -EADDRNOTAVAIL;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int vxlan_newlink(struct net *net, struct net_device *dev,
+ struct nlattr *tb[], struct nlattr *data[])
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+ __u32 vni;
+ int err;
+
+ if (!data[IFLA_VXLAN_ID])
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ vni = nla_get_u32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_ID]);
+ if (vxlan_find_vni(net, vni)) {
+ pr_info("duplicate VNI %u\n", vni);
+ return -EEXIST;
+ }
+ vxlan->vni = vni;
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_GROUP])
+ vxlan->gaddr = nla_get_be32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_GROUP]);
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_LOCAL])
+ vxlan->saddr = nla_get_be32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_LOCAL]);
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_LINK]) {
+ vxlan->link = nla_get_u32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_LINK]);
+
+ if (!tb[IFLA_MTU]) {
+ struct net_device *lowerdev;
+ lowerdev = __dev_get_by_index(net, vxlan->link);
+ dev->mtu = lowerdev->mtu - VXLAN_HEADROOM;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_TOS])
+ vxlan->tos = nla_get_u8(data[IFLA_VXLAN_TOS]);
+
+ if (!data[IFLA_VXLAN_LEARNING] || nla_get_u8(data[IFLA_VXLAN_LEARNING]))
+ vxlan->learn = true;
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_AGEING])
+ vxlan->age_interval = nla_get_u32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_AGEING]);
+ else
+ vxlan->age_interval = FDB_AGE_DEFAULT;
+
+ if (data[IFLA_VXLAN_LIMIT])
+ vxlan->addrmax = nla_get_u32(data[IFLA_VXLAN_LIMIT]);
+
+ err = register_netdevice(dev);
+ if (!err)
+ hlist_add_head_rcu(&vxlan->hlist, vni_head(net, vxlan->vni));
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void vxlan_dellink(struct net_device *dev, struct list_head *head)
+{
+ struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+
+ hlist_del_rcu(&vxlan->hlist);
+
+ unregister_netdevice_queue(dev, head);
+}
+
+static size_t vxlan_get_size(const struct net_device *dev)
+{
+
+ return nla_total_size(sizeof(__u32)) + /* IFLA_VXLAN_ID */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__be32)) +/* IFLA_VXLAN_GROUP */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__u32)) + /* IFLA_VXLAN_LINK */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__be32))+ /* IFLA_VXLAN_LOCAL */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__u8)) + /* IFLA_VXLAN_TTL */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__u8)) + /* IFLA_VXLAN_TOS */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__u8)) + /* IFLA_VXLAN_LEARNING */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__u32)) + /* IFLA_VXLAN_AGEING */
+ nla_total_size(sizeof(__u32)) + /* IFLA_VXLAN_LIMIT */
+ 0;
+}
+
+static int vxlan_fill_info(struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *dev)
+{
+ const struct vxlan_dev *vxlan = netdev_priv(dev);
+
+ if (nla_put_u32(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_ID, vxlan->vni))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ if (vxlan->gaddr && nla_put_u32(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_GROUP, vxlan->gaddr))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ if (vxlan->link && nla_put_u32(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_LINK, vxlan->link))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ if (vxlan->saddr && nla_put_u32(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_LOCAL, vxlan->saddr))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ if (nla_put_u8(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_TTL, vxlan->ttl) ||
+ nla_put_u8(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_TOS, vxlan->tos) ||
+ nla_put_u8(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_LEARNING, vxlan->learn) ||
+ nla_put_u32(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_AGEING, vxlan->age_interval) ||
+ nla_put_u32(skb, IFLA_VXLAN_LIMIT, vxlan->addrmax))
+ goto nla_put_failure;
+
+ return 0;
+
+nla_put_failure:
+ return -EMSGSIZE;
+}
+
+static struct rtnl_link_ops vxlan_link_ops __read_mostly = {
+ .kind = "vxlan",
+ .maxtype = IFLA_VXLAN_MAX,
+ .policy = vxlan_policy,
+ .priv_size = sizeof(struct vxlan_dev),
+ .setup = vxlan_setup,
+ .validate = vxlan_validate,
+ .newlink = vxlan_newlink,
+ .dellink = vxlan_dellink,
+ .get_size = vxlan_get_size,
+ .fill_info = vxlan_fill_info,
+};
+
+static __net_init int vxlan_init_net(struct net *net)
+{
+ struct vxlan_net *vn = net_generic(net, vxlan_net_id);
+ struct sock *sk;
+ struct sockaddr_in vxlan_addr = {
+ .sin_family = AF_INET,
+ .sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY),
+ };
+ int rc;
+ unsigned h;
+
+ /* Create UDP socket for encapsulation receive. */
+ rc = sock_create_kern(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP, &vn->sock);
+ if (rc < 0) {
+ pr_debug("UDP socket create failed\n");
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ vxlan_addr.sin_port = htons(vxlan_port);
+
+ rc = kernel_bind(vn->sock, (struct sockaddr *) &vxlan_addr,
+ sizeof(vxlan_addr));
+ if (rc < 0) {
+ pr_debug("bind for UDP socket %pI4:%u (%d)\n",
+ &vxlan_addr.sin_addr, ntohs(vxlan_addr.sin_port), rc);
+ sock_release(vn->sock);
+ vn->sock = NULL;
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ /* Disable multicast loopback */
+ sk = vn->sock->sk;
+ inet_sk(sk)->mc_loop = 0;
+
+ /* Mark socket as an encapsulation socket. */
+ udp_sk(sk)->encap_type = 1;
+ udp_sk(sk)->encap_rcv = vxlan_udp_encap_recv;
+ udp_encap_enable();
+
+ for (h = 0; h < VNI_HASH_SIZE; ++h)
+ INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&vn->vni_list[h]);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static __net_exit void vxlan_exit_net(struct net *net)
+{
+ struct vxlan_net *vn = net_generic(net, vxlan_net_id);
+
+ if (vn->sock) {
+ sock_release(vn->sock);
+ vn->sock = NULL;
+ }
+}
+
+static struct pernet_operations vxlan_net_ops = {
+ .init = vxlan_init_net,
+ .exit = vxlan_exit_net,
+ .id = &vxlan_net_id,
+ .size = sizeof(struct vxlan_net),
+};
+
+static int __init vxlan_init_module(void)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ get_random_bytes(&vxlan_salt, sizeof(vxlan_salt));
+
+ rc = register_pernet_device(&vxlan_net_ops);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out1;
+
+ rc = rtnl_link_register(&vxlan_link_ops);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out2;
+
+ return 0;
+
+out2:
+ unregister_pernet_device(&vxlan_net_ops);
+out1:
+ return rc;
+}
+module_init(vxlan_init_module);
+
+static void __exit vxlan_cleanup_module(void)
+{
+ rtnl_link_unregister(&vxlan_link_ops);
+ unregister_pernet_device(&vxlan_net_ops);
+}
+module_exit(vxlan_cleanup_module);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_VERSION(VXLAN_VERSION);
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Stephen Hemminger <shemminger@vyatta.com>");
+MODULE_ALIAS_RTNL_LINK("vxlan");